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RT. iJEV. .JOHN .JOHNS, D. D., L.L. D. 

The Episcopal Church 

West Virginia 

Entered according to act of Congress in the year Nineteen Hundred and One 


In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 

A History j^nt> Record 


Protestant Episcopal 

I^f THE 


A:XD, before the formation of the diocese in 1878, IN 

Compiled, Arranged and Contributed 

Geo. ^¥. RETERiOiSr 

The First Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church ij«^ 
THE Diocese of ^Vest Virginia, 1878. 


0f tl^is first Cetter Press €bitton, only tl^e first ^un= 
^reb Copies I^ape he^n numbered. 

no. 63 




^ I'age 1, read IGOS for lS(iS. 

^ Page 15, read appointment for appointed. 

» Page 25 et seq., add to clergy lists: 

O Rev. Richard T. Brown, Middlewaj 1S46 

Rev. Edmund Christian, Wellsburg- 1857 

Rev. Thomas K. Coleman, Parkersburg 1857 

Rev. Henry J. Kershaw (missionary) Parkersburg.... 1857 
\ Rev. Francis Keys Leavell (Coal Valley) Montgomerj-^. . 1882 

Rev. Ihompson B. Maury, Ravenswood 1SG5 

Rev. Henry Hobart Morrell, D. D., Wheeling- (Island) . . 1888 
Page 69, read 1834 for 1824. 
Page 196, read Murdaugh lor Murdough. 
' Page 202, read far for for. 
Page 535, read Bacon for Brown. 
Page 601, read Surrey for Survey. 
Page 637, read parishioners for parishoners. 

Page 664, the name of Wm. E. Watson, one of the most faithful and 
liberal members of Christ Church Vestry, was omitted from the list. 
Page 768, read 1878 for 1873. 
Page xiv of index, read poverty for property. 



Bishops Madison, Moore, Meade, and Johns Frontispiece 

Rt. Rev. G. W. Peterkin, D. D. LL. D viii 

Revs. Benjamin Allen and Edward R. Lippitt 48 

Rt. Rev. B. B. Smith and Rev. John Armstrong 49 

Rev. F. D. Goodwin and Rev. Jno. T. Brooke, D. D 56 

Rev. C. C. Talliaferro and Rev. Wm. Armstrong- 57 

Rev. Alex. Jones, D. D., and Rev. Jas. Chisholm 64 

Rev. Jas. Craik, D. D.. and Old St. John Ch., Charleston fi5 

Rev. F. B. Nash and Rev. C. W. Andrews, D. D 80 

Rev. Thomas Smith 81 

Rev. E. T. Perkins, D. D., and Rev. R. T. Brown 96 

Rt. Rev. Francis M. Whittle, D. D 07 

Rev. S. D. Tompkins and Rev. C. M. Callaway 112 

Rev. W. L. Hyland, D. D., and Old Trinity Ch., Parkersburg U3 

Rev. D. F. Sprigg, D. D., and Rev. W. D. Hanson 128 

Rev. J. J. Page and Rev. D. A. Tyng l.'^Q 

Rev. R. T. Davis, D. D., and Rev. C. E. Ambler 144 

Rev. R. A. Castleman and Rev. Edm'd Christian 145 

Rev. W. F. M. Jacobs and Rev. T. K. Coleman 176 

Rev. A. J. M. Hudson and Rev. T. G. Addison, D. D 177 

Rev. W. H. Meade, D. D., and Rev. Isaac Gibson. D. D 208 

Rev. Joshua Cowpland and Rev. H. E. Hayden 209 

Rev. H. T. Sharp and Rev. Jas. A. Latane 240 

Rev. E. V. Jones and Rev. W. L. Braddock 241 

Rev. T. H. Lacy, D. D., and Rev. A. C. McDonough "^56 

Rev. R. A. Cobbs and Rev. J. P. Hubbard, D. D 257 

Rt. Rev. G. W. Peterkin, D. D., LL. D 264 

Episcopal Hall, Morgantown 265 

Rev. J. F. Woods and Grace Ch., Cresap's 272 

St. John's Ch., Willow Island, and Church at St. Mary's 273 

Rev. C. N. Spalding, D. D., and St. Luke's Parish House 2S0 

Rev. H. H. Morrell, D. D., and Rev. J. G. Gantt 281 

Rev. G. W. Easter and Rectory, Union 288 

St. Thomas, White Sulphur, and All Saints', Union 289 

St. Barnabas, Davis, and Grace, Elkins 296 

Rev. Jas. L. Fish 297 

Church of the Holy Spirit, 'Summit, and St. Bartholomew's, 

Leetown 304 

Christ Church, Blue Ridge, and St. John's, Ripon 305 

Robert J. McCandlish and Lawrence E. Sands 312 

Maj. J. C. Covell and Rectory, Romney 320 

Church of the Epiphany, Okonoko 321 

Christ (Memorial) Ch., Williamstown, and Good Shepherd, 

Parkersburg 328 



Eev. K. J. Hammond and Eev. J. A. lliatt 329 

Hev. W. B. Everett, M. D., and Eectory, Harper's Ferry 33G 

Old St. John's and New St. John's, Harper's Ferry :i37- 

liev. Jas. A. Deaver and St. Philip's, Charles Town 344 

Kev. Walter L. Burwell ?.45 

Eev. Dallas Tucker and Parish House, Charles Town 352 

Old St. George's and St. Andrew's on Mountain, Charles Town 353 

Bruce Chapel and Christ Church, Point Pleasant 300 

Rev. J. H. Gibbons and Eev. E. U. Brooking 36.1 

Gen'l. John H. Oley 368 , 

Grace Church, (exterior and interior; Kenova 369 

Et. Eev. W. L. Gravatt, D. D 376 

Eev. J. S. Lightbourn, Church and Eectory, Bluefield 384 

Eev. C. A. Chrisman and Ch. oJ: the Heavenly Eest, Princeton.... 385 

Eev. A. E. Price and St. David's, Powellton 392 

Eev. J. E. Taylor 393 

Eev. John Ambler and Eev. L. W. Doggett 400 

Theological Seminary of Virginia, (two views) 432 

Episcopal High School 433 

Eev. Anselan Buchanan and 'St. John's, Brooke Co 504 

Eev. H. B. Thomas, and Christ Ch., Wellsburg 505 

Eev. J. W. Ware and Eev. D. H. Greer, D. D 520 

Eev. G. W. Dame and Eev. D. F. Forrest, D. D 521 

Eev. J. S. Douglas and Trinity Ch., and Eectory, ]\lartinsburg-. . 530 

Eev. Henry Thomas and Christ Ch., Bunker Hill 537 

Eev. W. T. Leavell .and Mt. Zion Ch., Hedgesville 544 

Eev. Chas. E. Shaw 545 

Christ Church, Wellsburg 552 

Eectory, W^ellsburg 553 

Trinity Church and Eectory, Huntington 560 

Eev. J. S. Gibson and Trinity Ch., Huntington 561 

Eev. A. M. Lewis and Church of the Eedeemer. Ansted 568 

Eev. F. K. Leavell and Calvary Ch., Montgomery 569 

Eev. G. A. Gibbons and St. Stephen's, Eomney 576 

Eev. J. D. Ferguson and Emmanuel Church, Mooretield 577 

Eev. T. W. Cooke and Christ Church, Clarksburg 584 

Eev. A. K. Fenton and St. Thomas, Clarksburg 585 

Eev. C. M. Campbell and Whittle Chapel, Liverpool 592 

Grace Church and Eectory, Eavenswood 593 

Eev. E. S. Coupland and Zion Church, Charles Town GOO 

Eectory and Zion Church, (interior) Charles Town 601 

Eev. W. H. Neilson, D. D., and Trinity Church, Shepherd stown ... 60S 

Eev. L. E. Mason and Eectory, Shepherdstown 609 

Rev. A. J. Willis and Grace Church, Middleway 016 

Eev. J. H. W. Blake and Eectory, Middleway. 617 

St. John's Church, Charleston 624 

Eev. E. D. Eoller, D. D., and St. John's, (interior) Charleston 635 

Major A. T. Laidley and Eectory, Charleston 632 

Sheltering Arms Hospital, Paint Creek 633 

Rev. Gerald Card and St. Matthew's, Charleston 640 

St. Luke's, Charleston and Christ Church, Boone Co 641 

Rev. J. W. Lea and Rectory, St. Albans 648 

Rev. J. B. Fitzpatrick and St. Mark's, St. Albans 649 

Rev. A. G. Grinnan and St. Paul's, Weston 656 

Rev. W. H. H. Powers and Rectory, Weston 657 

Christ Church. Fairmont 664 



Thos. G. Steele and Et. llev. C. C. Penick, D. D 665 

Her. B. M. Spurr and Eejnolds Memorial Hospital 672 

Christ Church, Eectory and Pai'ish House. Moundsville 673 

Eev. N. F. Marshall and Grace Church, Eckman 680 

Holy Trinity, Bramwell 681 

Eev. J. T. ISIarley and Trinity, Morgantown 088 

Eev. James Sheerin and Eev. T. E. WinecofL" 689 

Eev. C. C. Pearson and St. Mark's, Berkeley Springs 696 

Eectory, Berkeley Springs 607 

St. Matt.hevs''s Church, Wheeling 704 

Eev. D. W. Howard and St. Matthew's, (interior) Wheeling- 705 

St. Luke's Church, Wheeling 71 2 

Eev. J. Brittingham and St. Luke's, (interior) Wheeling ~13 

Eev. X. S. Thomas and Eev. E. E. Swope, D. D T?0 

Eev. J. G. Armstrong, D. D., and Eev. T. J. O. Curran 721 

(irace Ch., Clover Lick, and St. James" and Jvectory, Lewisburg.. 728 

Eev. Guj^ H. Crook and Church at Glen Jean 7?9 

Eev. F. A. Meade and Eectory. Hinton 7.;6 

Church of the Messiah, Alderson, and Ascension, Hinton 7.''.7 

Transfiguration, Buckhannon. and St. John's, Sutton 744 

Eev. J. W. Keeble 745 

Eev. W. H. Burkhardt and St. Paul's, Sistersville 7-.2 

Eectory and St. Anne's, New Martinsville 7.j3 

Eev. S. S. Moore, D. D., and Eectory, Parkersburg 700 

Et. Eev. E. A. Gibson, D. D., and Trinity. Parkersburg 731 

St. John's Church. Eipley 768 

Church of the Good Shepherd, Duffields 769 

Eev. C. W. Bartlett and E. G. Noland 776 

Eev. John Moncure, D. D 777 

Eev. J. T. Foster and St. Matthias, Grafton 7S4 

Ecclesiastical Maps of West Virginia, lSSO-1900 S54 


Preface and Introduction. 


Eesume of Francis S. Hawk's book, entitled "A Narratire of 
Events connected with the Rise and Progress of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in Virginia." 1 


The Episcopal Church in America and in West Virginia 19 


List of Clerical and Lay Delegates to the Annual Councils of the 
Diocese of Virginia, from the Churches in Western Vir- 
ginia, 1785-1877 25 


List of Clerical and Lay Delegates to the Annual Councils of the 

Diocese of West' Virginia, 1877-1901 30 


Digest of Annual Councils of the Diocese of Virginia, 1785-1877, 
with Parochial Reports from the Churches in what is now 
kno-vvn as the Diocese of West Virginia, and full state- 
ments from the addresses of the Bishops having refer- 
ence to their visitations in that territory 38 


Digest of Annual Councils of the Diocese of West Virginia. 1877- 

1901, with extracts from the Bishop's addresses 264 


Republication of all the material concerning the Churches in 
Western Virginia, from Bishop Meade's book, entitled 
"Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia," pub- 
lished in 1857. General observations 405 

Republication from Bishop Meade's book continued. Parishes.. . .471 

VI Table of Contents. 


Records of all the Parishes. Churches, Missions, Stations, &c., 
in West Virginia, since Bishop Meade's book was ptiblish- 
ed in 1857, compiled from accounts furnished by the cler- 
gy and others. Barbour, Berkeley, Boone, Braxton, 
Brooke, Cabell, Calhoun, Clay, Doddridge counties. 
Churches in Martinsburg, Hedgesville, Bunker Hill, Sut- 
ton, Wellsburg, Huntington, &c. Account of Rev. Joseph 
Doddridge 534 


Records continued. Fayette, Gilmer, Grant, Greenbrier, 
Hampshire, Hancock, Hardy, Harrison, Jackson coun- 
ties. Churches in Montgomery Ansted, Lewisburg, Ron- 
ceverte. White Sulphur, Roinne3\ Moorefield, Clarksburg, 
Ripley, Ravenswood, &c 565 


Records continued. Jefferson county. Churches in Charles 
Town, Shepherdstown. Harper's Ferry, Eee Town, Mid- 
dleway, Summit Point. Ripon. &c 594 


Records continued. Kanawha county Churches in Charles- 
ton St. Albans, &c 623 


Records continued. Lewis. Lincoln, Logan, Marion, Marshall, 
Mason, McDowell, Mercer counties. Churches in Weston, 
Fairmont, Mannington, Moundsville, Cresaps, Pt. Pleas- 
ant, Mercer's Bottom, Mason City, Eckman, Welch, Prince- 
ton, Bramwell, Bluefield &c 654 


Records continued. Mineral, Mingo, Monongalia, Monroe, 
Morgan, Nicholas, Ohio counties. Churches in Morgan- 
town, Union, Berkeley Springs, Wheeling, Elm Grove, 
&c... 686 


Records continued. Pendleton, Pleasants, Pocahontas, Pres- 
ton. Putnam, Raleigh. Randolph, Ritchie, Roane, Sum- 
mers, Taylor, Tucker, Tyler, Upshur counties. Churches 
in St. Mary's, Waverly. Willow Island. Clover Lick. Scary. 
Beckley. Elkins, Hint on. Grafton. Davis. Sistersville, 
Buckhannon. &c 723 


Records continued. Wayne. Webster, Wetzel. Wirt. W^ood, Wj^- 
oming. Churches in Kenova, Xe^^' MartinsAnlle. Parkers- 
burg. Williamstown, &c 747 

Table op^ Contents. vii 



Lists of Councils. Churches and Chapels in use 1878. Churches 
and Chapels built since 1878. Churches extinct. Conse- 
cration of Churches prior to 1878. Churches consecrated 
since 1S7S. Eectories. Ordinations and Confirmations. 
Episcopal work done in others Dioceses 767 


Contract beiween the Eev. Jos. Doddridge and his several eon- 

oregations 1800 784 


Constitution of the E]nscopal Society of the Valley, organ- 
ized 1819 787 


Circular letter issiied by the Episcopal Society of the Valley 

Dec. 2. 1819 ' 790 


Records of the North Western Convocation. 1850-1877 792 


Letter of Bishop Meade appointing- Lay Readers for Parkers- 
burg- in 1834 799 


Address of Bishop ]Meade to the Episcopalians of Western Vir- 
ginia on a proposition to divide the Diocese — 18.'51 800 


Letter from Bishop Johns to the officiating- clergy and vestries 
in the Western part of the Diocese of Virg-inia. .July 28, 
1 S6o 827 


Extract from the Journal of the Rev. W. T. Leavell 828 


Selected letters of Bishop Peterkin from the Church News, re- 
lating- chiefly to visitations made in the early years of 
his worlv 832 


Comparati\ e statistics 855 



Several years ago I sent a circular letter to my clergy iu 
substance as follows: 

"In 1857 Bishop Meade published two volumes entitled ''Old 
Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia.' In his pre- 
face he says : 'Besides the recovery of many old vestry books 
or fragments thereof supposed to have been lost, I have by 
my own researches or those of my friends, found interesting 
materials for this work in a number of the old records of the 
State, which may yet be seen, though often in a mutilated or 
m_ouldering condition, in the clerks' offices of various coun- 

"There can be no doubt but that by this publication the 
Bishop has preserved a vast deal of most important and in- 
teresting information which must otherwise have long since 
perished. These books are however but little known in West 
Virginia, and are reported now to be practically out of print. 
The desire to spread abroad the information, which Bishop 
Meade so laboriously gathered concerning the establishment 
and progress of the Episcopal Church in West Virginia, and, 
as far as possible, to complete the work by bringing it down 
to the present time, has induced me to undertake to prepare 
a volume that shall be supplemental to the two already men- 
tioned. I shall not pretend to give an orderly or systematic 
treatment of the subject, but rather such compilation of 
facts and figures as may interest the casual reader, and per- 
haps serve the future historian. 

"In gathering material for this undertaking I ask your as- 

X Preface. 

.sistance. My idea is to take up the history of our churches 
in West Virginia where Bishop Meade leaves it, i. e., aboiit 
1855, and briefly, but clearly, to give the course of events 
down to the present time, and also to note the general pro 
gress of the Church throughout the State, and the work of ex- 
tension that has been going on during these jears. It would 
be a A'ery great help if in each case the writer would put his 
article in such shape that it could go directly to the printer. 
Judgment will be required to give in each case the material 
facts without going too much into details. 

"I should like to have definite information in regard to 
church building and ministers, with dates, and such other 
items as may suggest themselves. Any information that can 
be sent me in regard to the history of the Church in the Dio- 
cese will be gratefully received.'" 

This letter sufficiently explains the origin and purpose c-f 
this book. It is a compilation from all available sources — ^a 
collection of facts and items culled from Journals and letters 
and papers. No doubt the want of a general plan will be 
thought by many to be a serious defect. It is freely admit- 
ted, but at the same time the defect could not be remedied 
by the present writer. He had no time nor inclination to 
work up the material here collected into a consistent narra- 
tive. The choice lay between doing the work in this way or 
not doing it at all. and it is hoped, that, although this volume 
is so desultory, it may be found useful and convenient by vir- 
tue of the copious index which has been added. The value of 
the book is, that the facts that are gathered here can hardly 
elsewhere be found. There is no one in the Diocese who has 
command of all the documents from which the compilation is 
made, to say nothing of this, that many of the statements 
were expressly prepared for this use. 

My hope is that the book will have wide circulation, and, 
by giving needed information about the Church in AVest Vir- 
ginia, be helpful to its development. 

If anv one has ever tried to do such work thev will know 

Pi? 10 PACK. ' xi 

sometliing of the difficulty of getting information, and they 
will be surprised to find how soon even material facts pass 
out of mind. 

I propose, first to give the sum and substance of what I find 
in Bishop Meade's book as to the general condition of the 
Church in Virginia, and then, on to particular churches, etc., 
in West Virginia, adding such material as I can command 
in order to bring each record, as far as possible, up to the 
present date. It may seem in some instances that I have ex- 
tended the quotations from Bishop Meade's book beyond 
what the necessities of the case required, but it has been 
hard to draw the line, and everything that relates to the gen- 
eral interest of the undivided Diocese, /. e., everything of 
general interest before 1878, ought to be of concern to us. I 
am particularly anxious that our Church people in West Vir- 
ginia should understand and value their associations with 
the early Church in Virginia, and be thoroughly imbued with 
its spirit and principles. 

To get a complete history of any one point, the reader will 
have to turn from one part of the book to another, which pro- 
vcess will be facilitated by the free use of the Index. This is 
an acknowledged defect, but under the circumstances could 
not be avoided. 

I trust that this publication may not prove uninteresting 
to my people scattered abroad over the Diocese, and that for 
lack of something better, it may serve as the record of an 
honorable past, and be an incentive to renewed eft'orts in the 
future for Christ and the Church. 

I desire to make grateful acknowledgment of the kindness 
of the Rev. Dr. Sprigg in placing at my service, a complete 
set of the Virginia Journals; also of the very great assistance 
I have received from the clergy of the Diocese in writing up 
the records of their respective charges; to others, ladies 
and gentlemen, for the valuable aid they have rendered, and 
especially to Miss Brady of Wheeling for conducting so large 
a part of my correspondence, and for other faithful and la- 

xii Preface. 

borious assistance, and, to the Rev. Dr. Roller, for taking off 
of my hands the whole labor of securing the illustrations, and 
particularly for his invaluable help in seeing the book through 
the press. 

Geo. W. Petebkin. 


The Episcopal Oliurch of Virginia commenced with the first 
settlement of the first colony; but she had to labor under 
great disadvantages during nearly the whole period of her 
(existence in connection with the Government and the Church 
of England. Of the ministers who came out from England, 
few were faithful and duly qualified, and indeed there was 
great difficulty in getting a full supply of any sort. In the 
year 1655, it is recorded that many places v/ere destitute of 
ministers, and likely still to continue so, the people not pay- 
ing their accustomed dues. There were at this time about 
fifty parishes in the Colony, and only ten ministers for their 
supply. If we proceeid in the history another fifty years, we 
shall find only a few more parishes established, and not more 
than half of them supplied with ministers, the rest being 
served by lay readers. The Bishop of London was in charge 
of the Church in Virginia, but his superintendence v/as of ne- 
cessity only nominal. And so for two hundred years did the 
Episcopal Church here, as elsewhere in this country, try the 
experiment of a system, whoise constitution required such a 
head as a Bishop, but was actually without it. It must be ev- 
ident how much she everywhere suffered for lack of this office 
so indispensable to most important parts of ecclesiastical ad- 
ministration and discipline. As the Revolution approached, 
dissatisfaction with the mother country grew, and with it, 
naturally, dissatisfaction with the Mother Church. This 
feeling against the Episcopal Church was aggravated when 
some of the clergy showed attachment to the cause of the 

xiv Intkoductiox. 

King; the Church was subjected to suspicion and her enemies 
sought her destruction. And then the dispute about Church 
property coming on, and being waged with great bitterness 
for twenty-fseven years completed the wreck. And so it came 
to pass, that while at the commencement of the war of the 
Revolution, Virginia had ninety-one clergymen officiating in 
one hundred and sixty-four churches and chapels; at its close, 
only twenty-eight ministers were found laboring in the less 
desolate parishes of the State. 

The Church in Virginia having resolved on an effort to ob- 
tain consecration for a Bishop who might complete her im- 
perfect organization, the Rev, Dr. Griffith was selected, but 
the parishes failing' to provide funds to defray his expenses 
to England, the plan fell through. At last in 1790 Bishop 
Madison was consecrated. He began his work under the most 
discouraging circumstances, and after a few partial visita- 
tions of the Diocese, his hopes of the revival of the Church 
evidently sank, and he devoted himself during the greater 
part of the 3-ear to the duties of William and Mary College, 
of which he was President. 

In 1811 Mr. William Meade was ordained and began his 
ministry; many persons expressing surprise that he should 
seek orders in a Church which was in such a depressed con- 
dition. In 1812 Bishop Madison died and was succeeded in 
1814 by Bishop, Richard Channing Moore. In 1829 Bishop 
Meade was consecrated as Assistant Bishop. These were the 
years that marked the reviA'al of the Church in Virginia. 
During Bishop Moore's episcopate of twenty-seven years, 
1814-1841, the number of clergy increased from ten to nine- 
ty-five, and the communicants from three or four hundred to 
nearly four thousand. But better still, hopefulness and ac- 
tivity was infused into both clergy and laity, and a vigorous 
life imparted to the whole Diocese. The Church grew rapid- 
ly, and her Bishops and other clergy, and the congregations 
•committed to their charge were having poured upon them the 
healthful spirit of God's grace, and the continued dew of His 


blessing. In these days were the beginnings of those famous 
old Virginia Conventions, so delightful and so profitable. 
The spirit of these Conventions was eminently social, yet re- 
strained from anything like levity by an abiding sense of the 
Divine presence. Bishop Moore died in 1841, and Bishop 
Meade succeeded to all the responsibilities connected with 
the administration of the Diocese. It became necessary in 
1842 for him to have an assistant, and Bishop Johns wa-s chos- 
en. In 1862 Bishop Meade died, and Bishop Johns had the 
sole charge of the Diocese until 1878, when Bishop Whittle 
was consecrated as his assistant. In 1876 Bishop Johns dy- 
ing. Bishop Whittle succeeded to the sole charge of the Dio- 
cese, which he thus administered until 1883, when Bishop 
Randolph was chosen to be his assistant. In the meantime 
the original Diocese of Virginia had been divided by setting 
apart West Virginia as a new Diocese, for which Bishop Pe- 
terkin was consecrated in 1878. The Diocese of Virginia 
was again divided in 1892, and Southern Virginia formieid; 
Bishop Randolph choosing this for his jurisdiction. In 1894 
Bishop Newton was consecrated as assistant for Bishop 
Whittle in Virginia. On Bishop Newton's death Bishop Gib- 
son was consecrated. 

There were many noble men whom God raised up from 
time to time to carry on the good work in this part of His 
vineyard. Chief among them were Wilmer, Norris, Dunn, 
Hawley, Horrell, the two Aliens, the Lowes, Ravenscroft, 
Smith, Balmaine, Wingfield, Armstrong, Page, Keith, Lippitt, 
Jones, Cobbs, Lee, Grammer, McGuire, Brooke, the Jacksons, 
and others. They rest from their labors and their works do 
follow them. 

Tie [piscopal Qiurcli in Vest Viriioia. 

Resume of Dr. Hawks' Narrative of Events, connected with the Rise 
and Progress of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Virginia. 


Kev. Robert Hunt, one of the petitioners for the charter 
granted by James I. to the London Company, on the 10th of 
April, 1606, embarked for Virginia, 19th of December, 1606. 
He was a man of strong and sincere Christian character, and, 
more than once, his prudent conduct and pious exhortations 
allayed the jealousy and animosity between the members of 
the Council of the Colony, which otherwise might have ruined 
the whole undertaking. 

On the 26th of April, 1607, the little fleet of three ships en- 
tered the Chesapeake, and on the 13th of May, the Colonists 
landed at what was once Jameeftown. This was the first per- 
manent habitation of *the English in America, and, on May 
14th, the sacrament of the Lord's Supper was administered 
for the first time in Virginia, and so the colony began its 
career of civilization. 

A Church was soon built, but, in a few months, it was de- 
stroyed by fire. Then chiefly through the energy of John 
Smith the town was rebuilt and the Church restored. Mr. 
Hunt continued to live in the Colony, and exert an influence 
that was invariably for good. It is believed that the first 
recorded marriage in Virginia was solemnized by him. It 
was in the year 1868, that a white woman was first seen in the 

2 The Episcopal Church 

Colony; and the historians of that day relate the fact of her 
marriage soon after her arrival. 

Evil days came to Jamestown. Famine did its work so 
effectively that on June 10th, 1610, when Lord De la War ar- 
rived, he found only sixty survivors of the five hundred. The 
new comers went first to the Church, and gathering the peo- 
ple b}^ the sound of the bell, betook themselves to prayer. 

The coming of Lord De la War marked a change in the gov- 
ernment of the Colony. Instead of being under a President 
and Council, it was now placed under certain officers sent out 
from England. Lord De la War became the first Governor, 
and, whereas before, nothing more definite had been said 
about the exercise of Christianity in the new world than that 
it should conform to the Rites, Ceremonies and Doctrines of 
the Church of England, we find that after this period more 
specific instructions were sent from the mother country, and 
religion began to form one of the subjects of the very imper- 
fect legislation of the Company for their distant Colony. 

With the coming of Sir Thomas Dale, May 10, 1611, we find 
penal laws first introduced to aid the Colonists in keeping a 
good conscience. But during the government of the London 
Company, not a solitary instance is recorded of a persecution 
for mere difference of opinion, and the penalties for the non- 
observance of religious duties Tsere never rigidly enforced. 
In 1613, and afterwards, more emigrants arrived, and also 
built. This church was put under the charge of the Rev. 
Alexander W^hitaker, who enclosed a hundred acres of land 
and built a parsonage. At his hands Pocahontas received 
baptisms, and was united by him in marriage to Mr. Rolfe. 

In 1613, and afterwards, more emigrants arrived, and also 
parishes were formed, so that we presently find that at Hen- 
rico, the Rev. Mr. Wickham was the clergyman; Mr. Whita- 
ker was at Bermuda Hundred, and Mr. Bucke at Jamestown. 


In 1619, Sir George Yeardley became Governor, and the 
population was increased by the introduction of a thousand 

IN West Virginia. ' 3 

new settlers. This year is memorable in the annals of Vir- 
ginia, as being tlie period at which a Legislative body taken 
from among the inhabitants convened for the first time. It 
met at Jamestown, and among its first enactments were 
those that concerned the Church. 

In 1621-2 it was enacted that each clerg\Taan should re- 
ceive from his parishoners 1,500 pounds of tobacco and 16 
barrels of corn. About this time a small number of Puritans 
sought refuge in the Colony, but public worship continued 
to be conducted in conformity with the Kitual of the Church 
of England. From this period we date the Establishment of 
the Episcopal Church in Virginia. There were five clergy- 
men, Rev. Messrs. Whitaker, Stockham, Mease, Bargrave and 
Wickham. The Bishop of London exerted himself to pro- 
cure suitable clergymien for the Colony, and this may have 
given rise to his jurisdiction over the American Church prior 
to the Revolution. 

Before this time efforts had been made to erect a college in 
Virginia. Nearly £1,500 had been obtained and 10,000 acres 
of land granted by the Company for the new University of 
Henrico. The spiritual good of the natives seems also to have 
been an object of deep solicitude, for the Governor and As- 
sembly were urged by the Company to use all possible means 
to bring over the natives to a love of civilization and to a love 
of God and of His true religion. 

But these prosiierous beginnings were rudely arrested by 
the great conspiracy of more than thirty tribes, which broke 
out on March 22nd, 1622, and in the short space of an hour 
resulted in the massacre of three hundred and forty-seven 
men, women and children. The remnant sought refuge in 
Jamestown. To the horrors of massacre were soon superad- 
ded the horrors of famine. Of eighty plantations only eight 
remained, and of 2,960 inhabitants, 1,800 were all that were 
left. This massacre gave a death blow to the first efforts 
that were made in America to establish a college, and years 
elapsed before the attempt was renewed. Meantime it ought 

4 The Episcopal Church 

to be noted, that the preservation of that part of the Colony 
that escaped was owing to the fidelity of a Christianized na- 

By 1624 the Colony had received accession of strength, 
from England, and the Colonial Assembly busied itself 
among other things, in enacting laws relating to the Church 
and ministry; imposing a fine for absence from Service; re- 
quiring houses for worship; also requiring uniformity in pub- 
lic worship; and providing for the payment of the ministers' 
due share of tobacco and corn, and fofbidding his protracted 
absence from his cure. 


In 1628 Lord Baltimore, who was a member of the Church 
of Rome, and declined to take the oaths of supremacy and al- 
legiance, visited Virginia and called forth, by his arrival, evi- 
dence of the strong attachment of the Colony to the princi- 
ples of the Protestant faith as held by the Church of England. 

In 1629 Sir John Hervey became Governor. While at this 
time the decisions of the Court of High Commission in Eng- 
land were acknowledged to be authority in the Ecclesiastical 
concerns of the Colony, yet their influence was rarely, if ever, 
felt; as during the first twenty-six years of the Colony's ex- 
instance of the application of ecclesiastical discipline for 
the non-observance of the ordinances of the Church, nor any 
instance of the application of ecclesiastical discipline for 
crimes of a spiritua^l nature. Virginia, therefore, is entitled 
to the honorable distinction of having in the infancy of her 
political existence sustained religion without severity, and, 
that, at a time when such a course found but little counte- 
nance in the world's example. 

In 1629, however, at the instigation of Sir John Hervey, an 
act was passed enjoining under severe penalties a strict con- 
formdty to the Canons of the Church, and there is evidence 
to show that after this time infractions of Church law were 
visited with punishment. During the administration of Sir 
Francis Wyatt, (16.39-1641), who succeeded Hervey, several 

IN West Virginia. 5 

laws were enacted against the Puritans, though at that time 
there were none in the Colony, to prevent, as was said, the in- 
fection from reaching this country. Such punishments 
failed, as they usually do, to produce the desired effect, and 
certain persons driven into opposition by thie severity of their 
rulers applied to the General Court of Massachusetts, and the 
gentlemen of influence in that community, beseeching them 
to send missionaries to Virginia from the Independents of 
New England. This was done, and three gentlemen went as 
Congregational missionaries to the Church of England in Vir- 

After a brief stay they were driven away by an act of con- 
formity. There seems reason to believe that at this time the 
great mass of the people were conscientiously attachied to the 
Church of England and to the crown. Virginia was loyal. 
She was the last Colony to submit to the Parliament, and, 
hundreds of the cavaliers sought and found refuge within her 

The assembly of dissenters collected by the missionaries 
from Massachusetts amounted in 1648 to one hundred and 
eighteen persons, but it 'eixperienced from the beginning the 
opposition of the Grovernment, and both Mr. Durand, its el- 
der, and Mr. Harrison, its pastor, were banished from the 
Colony. It would seem, however, that in Mr. Harrison's 
case, at least, there were other considerations than those of 
religion. It was a short time before the execution of Charles 
I., and no doubt the religious opinions of Mr. Harrison were 
taken as an index to his political sentiments. Parliament 
soon sent out an expedition to subdue the colonies. The Vir- 
ginia Colonists rallied around the Governor, Sir William 
Berkeley, and so formidable was his preparation, that he se- 
cured most liberal and ample terms. 
1651 - 1693. 

No doubt the suecess of the Parliamentary party led to the 
introduction into the Colony of new residents, who had but 
little affection for the Church of England, and it may be, that 

6 The Episcopal Church 

among them some congregations were organized on the model 
which had been set up in the mother country, but the great 
body of the people still retained their attachment to the 
Church of their Fathers, and during the whole of his protec- 
torate, Cromwell seems to have regarded Virginia with sus- 
picion. That this suspicion w^as well founded, appears from 
the fact, that in January, 1659, Charles the Second was pro- 
claimed in Virginia, and Berkeley resumed the Government 
sixteen months before the King was restored to his throne. 

In 1661 there were fifty parishes in the Colony, but only 
about ten ministers, and they by no means always what they 
ought to have been. Various remedies were suggested to en- 
sure a supply of qualified clergymen. Among other things it 
was recommended that there be established at the two Uni- 
versities, Virginia fellowships, imposing upon the fellows at 
their ordination, after seven years, the duty of going to Vir- 
ginia and oflSciating as Parish Priests for seven years more. 

In 1662, various enactments touching the Church were 
made : 1. Respecting building churches and keeping them in 
repair. 2. Respecting the duties and compensation of the 
clergy and the appointment of Lay Readers. 3. As to the 
rights and duties of the Laity in choosing a vestry, and also, 
as to the due observance of the Lord's Day, and the neglect of 
Baptism. 4. For the advancement of Education. 

In 1663, severe laws were enacted against the Quakers, but 
Virginia did not proceed as far as her sister Colony, Massa- 
chusetts, in inflicting the punishment of death. No Quakers 
were hanged in Virginia. 

In 1689 the Rev. Dr. Blair was duly oommissioned by the 
Bishop of London as Commissary for Virginia. He was a 
practical man; being blessed with sincere piety, a clear mind, 
and indefatigable perseverance. His services were invaluable 
to the Church in Virginia. He revived the project of a college, 
and, at no little expense and labor, he built William and Mary 
College^the second college built upon the continent — and 
became its first President. 

IN West Virginia. 7 

1700- 1731. 

Upon the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, a 
great number of French Protestants found their way into for- 
eign countries. King William later, 1690, sent a large num- 
ber to Virginia, and land® were allotted to them on James 
River. These were naturalized by a special law. In 1699, 
another body of six hundred came over. These Huguenots 
were welcomed by the Assembly of Virginia, and for a term 
of years allowed special privileges for their maintenance and 
encouragement. Many of their descendants have been among 
the brightest ornaments of the State in every walk of life. 

In 1713 similar kindness was shown to certain German em- 
igrants, who settled on the Bappahannock, and thus there 
were two religious communities differing from thei establish- 
ment, not only tolerated, but favored. 

Meantime the College of William and Mary was making 
slow progress, many still preferring to send their sons to be 
educated at one of the English Universities. 

At this time there were fifty-four parishes in Virginia, and 
about seventy churches and chapels. Rectories were provid'- 
ed for each parish with glebes of two hundred andi fifty- 

More than half of the churches were supplied with clergy- 
men, and in the vacant ones Lay Readers ministered. Thei 
people were almost entirely of the Church of England. It 
is stated that at this time there were only four dissenting 
places of worship in the Colony; three for the Quakers and 
one for the Presbyterians. 

In 1722, one hundred and fifteen years had elapsed since 
the first clergyman landed in Virginia and yet the state of 
religion was far from satisfactory. Incompetent and un- 
worthy ministers were often sent out from England, and un- 
der such ministrations you could not expect much of the. laity. 
The Constitution of the Church making it dependent on the 
Mother Church of England for complete organization, pre- 
vented the raising up of a native clergy, and seriously hinder- 

8 The Episcopal Church 

ed the proper administration of the Church. A community of 
Episcopal Churches without a Bishop, is a body without a 
head. Such was the condition of the Episcopal Church in 
Virginia, and it is no wonder that grave dangers threat- 
ened its very existence. Happily the Church of England pur- 
sues a very diffenent policy with her colonies to-day, and with 
most encouraging results. 

It ought to be added that after all allowance is made for 
want of Episcopal supervision, and for the inferior quality of 
m.any of the clergy who came to Virginia, and the consequent 
difficulties in connection with their support, that there was 
in the minds of many a suspicious apprehension of Ecclesias- 
tical domination founded upon some of the past incidents of 
English history. 


Up to this time the Episcopal Church was almost the only 
religious denomination in Virginia, but henceforth she is to 
have the company of other religious societies which begin to 
spring up around her. The Quakers and Presbyterians 
seem to have been first in establishing themselves, and after 
them the Moravians, the New Lights and the Methodists. 


By proper legislation the clergy were guarded against tres- 
pass on their glebes, and after considerable discussion, money 
was substituted for tobacco in paying them. This, owing to 
the rise in tobacco after poor crops, worked hardship to the 
clergy and they claimed damages. It was on this question 
that Patrick Henry distinguished himself, and carried away 
the jury by his eloquence, which was as extraordinary as it 
was unexpected. He won his cause against the clergy, when 
the jury bought in a verdict of one cent for the damages 

About the year 1765, according to Leland's Chronicle, the 
Baptists first made their appearance in Amelia, and some of 
the adjacent counties; although Semple says, that some few 

IN West Virginia. 9 

came from England in 1714, and some from Maryland in 1743. 
It mu^t be confessed that they were very harshly treated, be- 
ing not only imprisoned, but beaten, and with the usual re- 
sult, that persecution made friends for its victims. 

In 1771 an effort was made to secure the Episcopate, but it 
failed to receive proper support, and since the majority of the 
Legislature belonged to the Establishment, it is most prob- 
able that the opposition rested upon political consideratiori». 
It was not deemed expedient at that time. 

About this time the Methodists began to increase in Vir- 
ginia. When they made their first appearance they claimed 
aliance with the Church, but ultimately, proceeded to the 
length of an entire separation. 

The founder of Methodism, Rev. John Wesley, was a Pres- 
byter of the Church of England, and professed a strong at- 
tachment to it. He gave his followers a list of "reasons for 
not separating from the Church''; and in his farther appeal 
to men of reason and religion, he thus addresses the members 
of the Church of England: "We do not dispute concerning 
any of the externals or circumstantials of religion. There is 
no room; for we agree with you therein. We approye of, wo 
adhere to them all; all that we learned together when we 
were children, in our Catechism and Common Prayer Book. 
We were born and bred in your own Church, and desire to 
die therein. We hold, and ever have done, the same opinions 
which you and we received from our forefathers." 

In accordance with these sentiments the first Methodists in 
America acted. Their preachers were all laymen; they never 
administered the sacraments, but received the Lord's Supper 
themselves at the hands of the clergy of the Church of Eng- 
land; and they claimed to be nothing more than members of a 
religious society, formed within the bosom of the Established 
Church at home, and extended to America. The language of 
the Methodist preachers was, that "all who left the Church 
left the Methodists." Indeed in public opinion the Methodist 

10 The Episcopal Church 

Society, was so far identified with the Church, as to share 
with it the odium which from political causes rested upon the 
Establishment in Virginia. This suspicion derived -strength 
from the fact that Mr. Wesley, who in the commencement of 
the dispute between England and the Colonies had defended 
the latter, suddenly changed his opinions, and wrote and 
preached against the American cause with so much warmth 
as to provoke that memorable rebuke from the celebrated 

When the struggle began between the Colonies and Eng- 
land many of the clergy of the Established Church were nat- 
urally in a very embarrassing position. They were generally 
friends to their mother country; attached to it by the circum- 
stances of birth, and bound by the oath of allegiance. As has 
been already explained, the situation of the Established 
Church, without Episcopal supervision, precluded the raising 
up a native ministry. It would perhaps, be not far out of the 
way, if we should say that about two-thirds of the Virginia 
clergy were loyalists. The great mass of the population, and 
a large majority of these were Episcopalians, were opposed 
to England. Among the laity were General Washington, 
Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, the mover of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, Francis Lightfoot Lee, one of the sign- 
ers, Gieorge Mason, Edmund Pendleton, Peter Lyons, Paul 
Oarrington, William Fleming, William Grayson, with the 
families of the Nelsons and Meades and Mercers, and Harri- 
sons and Randolphs, and hundreds of other names deserv- 
edly dear to Virginia. 

In the Legislature which convened in October, 1776, there 
was a great contest in regard to Church establishment. The 
Baptists and Presbyterians petitioned against the establish- 
ment and the Churchmen and Methodists petitionied for its 

The great advocates for the Church were Mr. Pendleton and 
Robert Carter Nicholas, and its great opponent was Mr. Jef- 
ferson. The question was finally decided against the estab- 

IN West Virginia. 11 

lishment, but arrears of salaries due to the clergy were se- 
cured. Glebes already purchased were reservied for the use 
of the Episcopal clergy, and the churches and chapels al- 
ready built, with the books and church plate, were preserved 
for the use of the Episcopalians. 

Under these circumstances many of the Established cleirgy, 
who were thus summarily deprived of their livings, and who 
■on account of their politics were often disliked by the people, 
must have found it difficult to procure a subsistence by con- 
tinuing in the exercise of their pastoral duties. In the situ- 
ation, to which they found themselves reduced, many aban- 
doned the country; and parishes, from time to time, became 
vacant, so that ere long, a large majority of the cures 
were left unsupplied. The sacraments were no longer ad- 
ministered in many of the parishes, and this condition of 
affairs led to an effort, on the part of the Methodists, to reme- 
dy the evil by an irregular ordination of ministers among 
themselves. Some of the cleirgy of the Church advised 
them against this measure, but in vain, and in 1778, a consid- 
erable number of the Lay Preachers, earnestly importuned 
Mr. Asbury, a prominent preacher among the Methodists, "to 
take proper measures, that the people might enjoy the privi- 
leges of all other Churches, and no longer be deprived of the 
Christian Sacraments." 

Mr. Asbury, whoseemsatthis time to have been suspicious- 
ly watched, and indeed confined in the State of Delaware, as 
one disaffected to the American cause, professied the strong- 
est attachment to the Church of England; and violently op- 
posed the proposed plan; nay, he went so far as to write to 
some of the clergy of the Establishment, reproving them for 
not having checked in its incipient stage this approach to dis- 

Upon the refusal of Mr. Asbury to co-operate with them in 
their plan of ordination, a majority of the preachers with- 
drew from all connection with him and Mr. Wesley; and 
choosing from their number three senior members, these last 

12 The Episcopal Church 

proceeded, to what they called an ordination of the rest, by 
the imposition of their hands; and the preachers thus set 
apart proceeded to baptize and to administer the Lord's Sup- 
per, wherever they went, to those whom they deemed suita- 
ble recipients. Afterward Mr. Asbury, having obtained his 
liberty, visited Virginia, and by all the address in his power, 
with indefatigable labor and attention, succeeded, at length, 
in bringing back the seceders one after another, and by a vote 
of one of the Conferences, the ordination was declared in- 
valid and union was restored; while to prevent, as far as pos- 
sible, ai renewal of the complaint of the want of the sacra- 
ments, some, at least, of the Episcopal clergy traveled over 
large circuits for the purpose of baptizing the children of 
Methodists, and administering the Lord's Supper and con- 
tinued to do so, until the final separation of the Methodist& 
from the Church, without desiring or receiving for the service 
the smallest compensation. 


When the Revolutionary war begun, Virginia in her sixty- 
one counties contained ninety-five parishes, one hundred and 
sixty-four churches and chapels, and ninety-one clergymen. 
She came out of the war with a large number of her churches 
destroyed, or injured irreparably, with twenty-three of her 
ninetj^-five parishes extinct or forsaken. Of the remaining 
seventy-two, thirty-four were destitute of ministerial ser- 
vices; while of her ninety-one clergymen, twenty-eight only 
remained, who had lived through the storm, and these, with 
eight others who came into the State soon after the struggle 
terminated, supplied thirty-six of the parishes. 

Up to this time the Methodists had continued in alliance 
with the Church, and professed to consider themselves as a 
part of it; but the time had now come for their final separa- 
tion from it. The in>cipient steps in this business are thus 
related by two of the historians of Methodism. (Life of 
Wesley by Coke and More, p. 351) : " When peace was estab- 
lished between Great Britain and the States, the intercourse 

IN West Virginia. 13 

was opened between the societies in both countries. Mr. Wes- 
ley then received from Mr. Asbury a full account of the prog- 
ress of the work during the war; and especially of the divis- 
ion which had taken place and the difficultieis he met with 
before it was healed. He also informed Mr. Wesley of the ex- 
treme uneasiness of the people's minds for want of the sacra- 
ments; that thousands of their children were unbaptized; 
and the members of the society in general had not partaken 
of the Lord's Supper for many years. Mr. Wesley then con- 
sidered the subject, and informed Dr. Coke of his design of 
drawing up a plan of Church government and of establishing 
an ordination for his American societies. But, cautious of 
entering on so new a plan, he afterwards suspended the exe- 
cution of his purposes, and weighed the whole for upwards of 
a year. At the Conference held in Leeds, 1784, he declared 
his intention of sending Dr. Coke and some other preachers 
to America. Mr. Richard Whatcoat and Mr. Thomas Vasey 
offered themselves as missionaries for that purpose and were 
accepted. Before they sailed, Mr. Wesley abridged the 
Common Prayer book, and wrote to Dr. Coke, then in Lon- 
don^ desiring him to meet him in Bristol to receive fuller 
powers, and to bring the Rev. Mr. Creighton with him. The 
doctor and Mr. Creighton accordingly met him in Bristol, 
when, with their assistance, he ordained Mr. Richard What- 
coat and Mr. Thos. Vasey, preslyters for America, and did af- 
terwards ordain Dr. Coke superintendent, giving him letters 
of ordination ^inder his hand and seal, and at the same time, 
a letter to be printed and circulated in America." To this 
statement it should here be added that Dr. Coke wrote Mr. 
Wesley urging him tOi ordain him bishop. On the third of 
November, 1784, Dr. Coke arrived in New York, and on the 
fourteenth, met Mr. Asbury for the first time, who, upon hear- 
ing of the new plan, expressed strong doubts about it, which 
by some means or other were soon removed, as subsequent 
events proved. On Christmas eve, a general conference of 
the Methodists assembled, by appointment at Baltimore, by 

14 The Episcopal Chfrch 

which a circular letter from Mr. Wesley, of which Dr. Coke 
was the bearer, dated Sept. 10th, 1784, was published, from 
which the following extracts are presented. The letter is 
addressed to Dr. Coke, Mr. Asbury, and our brethren in 
America : 

'' By a very common train of providences, many of the 
provinces of North America, are totally disjoined from their 
mother country, and erected into independent states. Tbe 
English government has no authority over them, either civil 
or ecclesiastical, any more than over the states of Holland. 
A civil authority is exercised over them, partly by the Con- 
gress, partly by the provincial assemblies. But no one either 
exercises or claims any ecclesiastical authority at all. In this 
peculiar situation, some thousands of the inhabitants of these 
states desire my advioe, and in compliance with their desire, 
I have drawn up a little sketch. 

" For many years I have been importuned, from time to 
time, to exercise the right of ordaining part of our traveling 
preachers. But I have still refused; not only for peace' sake, 
but because I was determined, as little as possible, to violate 
the established order of the national church to which I be- 

" But the case is widely different between England and 
North America. Here there are bishops who have a legal 
jurisdiction. In America there are none, neither any parish 
ministers; so that for some hundred miles together, there is 
none to baptize, or to administer the Lord's Supper. Here, 
therefore, my scniples are at an end: and 1 conceive myself at 
full liberl y, as I violate no order and invade no man's right, 
by appointing, and sending laborers into the harvest. 

'^I have accordiugly appointed Dr. Coke and Mr. Francis 
Asbury to be joint superintendents over our brethren in 
North America; as also Kichard Whatcoat and Thomas Vasey 
to act as elders among thiem, by baptizing and administer- 
ing the Lord's Supper. And I also advise the elders to ad- 
minister the Supper of the Lord on everv Lord's dav. 

IN West Virginia. 15 

''If any one will point out a more rational and scriptural 
way of feeding and guiding those poor sheep in the wilder- 
ness, 1 will gladly embrace it. At present I cannot see any 
better method than that I have taken." 

The appointed merely of Mr. Asbury doe's not seem to have 
been deemed sufficient to bestow upon him any new powers, 
and accordingly we find him receiving such ordination to the 
offices of deacon and priest as Dr. Coke could bestow, and 
afterwards obtaining from the same hands, what was deemed 
a consecration of the episcopate. The use of the phrase, 
superintendent, w^as ere long discontinued, and that of bishop 
(which has ever since been retained) was substituted for it. 
The separation between the Church and Methodists, was 
made entire by the circumstances just related, and it is not 
here necessary to pursue further the history of the latter; 
there are, however, certain facts connected with the transac- 
tion which form a part of its true history, and which, there- 
fore, it would be wrong to withhold. 

The plan of ordination and Church government, which 
Mr. Wesley so appropriately termed new, does not appear 
from the account given by Dr. Coke, to have been communi- 
cated by Mr. Wesley to the conference prior to its execution; 
he declared his intention simply of sending Dr. Coke and 
other ministers to America. In fact, we are elsewhere told 
that information of its actual execution was never given to 
the conference until 1876, before which time, probably, in- 
telligence of the act had reached them from America. It 
was, therefore, the act of Mr. Wesley alone. 

It was an uct, upon the propriety of which he took no 
counsel with his intimate friends. His brother, Mr. Chas. 
Wesley, in a letter to Dr. Chandler, written in 1785, thus ex- 
presses himself: — 

"I can scarcely yet believe, that in his eighty-second year, 
my brothe'r, my old intimate friend and companion, should 
have assumed the episcopal character, ordained elders, con- 
secrated a bishop, and sent him to ordain the lay preachers- 

16 The Episcopal Church 

in America. I was then in Bristol at his elbow; yet he never 
gave me the least hint of his intention. How was he sur- 
prised with so rash an action? He certainly pursuaded him- 
self that it was right." 

The reasons assigned for this act, by Mr. Wiesley were not 
at all times the same. In his letter, as published by the con- 
ference, he stated that his scruples were at an end, and he 
considered himself at full liberty, because America was desti- 
tute of bishops and belonged not to the jurisdiction of any 
English prelate. On another occasion, when, at the request 
of Jones of Nayland, inquiry was made of him whether it 
was true that he had invested persons with the episcopal 
character, and sent them to America; after some hesitation, 
he admitted the fact, and assigned as a reason for his con- 
duct, that after the revolution each denomination was mak- 
ing efforts to swell its members, and the Baptists particu- 
larly were greatly increasing to the injury of the Church. 
[Life of Bishop Home, by Jones of Nayland.] He had, there- 
fore, taken the step with the hope of preventing further dis- 

If the object of Mr. Wesley was to secure to America, the 
episcopate, the course pursued was rendered unnecessary by 
existing circumstances. Dr. Seabury of Connecticut, had been 
nearly two years in England soliciting episcopal consecra- 
tion, and, in consequence of difficulties arising entirely from 
the English law, was on the point of going to Scotland to be 
consecrated there, at the very moment when Mr. Wesley 
laid his hands on Dr. Coke, and it cannot be supposed that 
Mr. Wesley was ignorant of these facts, particularly as we 
find them to have been well known to his brother Charles. 

The latter gentleman in the letter to Dr. Chandler, already 
referred to, speaking of the American Methodists, uses this 
language : — 

"How have they been betrayed into a separation from the 
Church of England, which their preachers and they, no more 
intended than the Methodists here? Had they had patience 

IN West Virginia. 17 

a little longer they would have seen a real primitive Bishop 
in America, duly consecrated by three Scotch Bishops, who 
had their consecration from the English Bishops, and are 
acknowledged by them as the same with themselves. There 
is, therefore, not the least difference between the members 
of Bishop Seabury's Church and the members of the Church 
of England. I had the happiness to converse with that truly 
apostolic man, who is esteemed by all that know him as much 
as by you and me. He told me that he looked upon the Meth- 
odists in America as sound members of the Church and was 
ready to ordain any of their preachers, whom he should find 
duly qualified." In point of fact, Bishop Seabury had re- 
ceived consecration on the fourteenth of November, whereas 
the conference assembled in Baltimore on the twenty-fourth 
of the succeeding month. 


The controversies, in regard to the ecclesiastical affairs in 
Virginia, were practically settled by the act establishing re- 
ligious freedom, passed the 26th December, 1785. 

The General Convention, in Philadelphia, September, 1785, 
had from Virginia the Rev. Dr. Griffith and John Page, Esq. 

Rev. Dr. Griffith having resigned his election as Bishop, on 
the assembling of the convention of 1790 in Richmond, the 
Rev. Dr. Madison, President of William and Mary College, 
was elected. That year on the 19th of September, he was con- 
secrated in the Chapel at Lambeth, by the Archbishop of 
Canterbury and the Bishops of London and Rochester. So, 
after an existence of one hundred and eighty-four years, the 
Episcopal Church in Virginia for the first time saw a Bishop 
within her borders. In 1792, Bishop Madison made his first 
visitation. In five parishes confirming upwards of 600 per- 
sons. He found the outlook somewhat better than he seems 
to have anticipated, although, there was still much cause for 
discouragement in the generally low state of religion among 
the people. Bishop Madison died in March, 1812. The Rev. 
Richard Channing Moore was elected to succeed him, and was 

18 The Episcopal Church 

consecrated in May, 1814. Among other faithful men, were 
four of the clergy whose names deserve a place in the rec- 
ords of the Virginia Church, and who should be held in hon- 
orable remembrance, as instruments of God in aiding Bishop 
Moore to revive the prostrate Church. These gentlemen, 
were the Rev. Dr. Wilmer, the Rev. Mr. Norris, the Rev. Mr. 
Dunn, and the Rev. William Meade. 

A great impulse was given the Church in Virginia from 
the very beginning of Bishop Moore's episcopate. Interest 
everywhere revived. In his first year he ordained three to the 
ministry and enrolled four candidates for orders. No less 
than ten new churches were reported as in process of erec- 
tion, while eight of the old ones were undergoing repairs. A 
society was formed for distribution of Prayer Books and 
Tracts; a fund was commenced for the support of the Epis- 
copate; the Education Society was also formed at this time, 
and it continues its good work to this day. During this peri- 
od also, we date the founding of the Theological Seminary. 

1825- 1835. 

The exemption of the Bishop from parochial cares, became 
an object of increasing concern. At length in 1828, when 
Bishop Moore was in his 67th year, although infirmities of 
age had not disabled him, it was determined to give him an 
assistant; and in 1829 Rev. William Meade, D. D., was elected. 

Writing in 1836, Dr. Hawks says, in concluding his book, 
the present condition of the Church in Virginia is one of grat- 
ifying prosperity. With more than one hundred churches, 
some of them the fruit of reviving zeal in parishes which 
once flourished, but have long been almost dead, the Diocese 
now numbers more than seventy clergymen; and with a mis- 
sionary fund, unemployed in part, because missionaries are 
not to be had, the Diocese is laboring to supply, in some meas 
ure, its necessities by means of its Seminary at Alexandria. 
Of this institution, it may be said, that it has afforded in- 
struction during the last three years, to s^xty candidates for 
orders, and has given thirty-six clergymen to the Church. 

IN West Virginia. 19 


The Episcopal Church in America and in the Diocese of West 

The Episcopal Church in America. 

There are, no doubt, many of our readers who are some- 
times puzzled to understand how it is xhat the Episcopal 
Church, which today claims the allegiance of so large a pro- 
portion of English-speaking people throughout the world, 
should still be, in America, so much smaller in numbers than 
some of the other Christian bodies around us. A careful 
reading of the following ^'Historical Sketch of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States of America," will 
throw much light upon the subject. It is from the pen of the 
Bishop of Iowa, and was published in much greater detail in 
Whittaker's Almanac for the year 1884: 

''The close of the struggle for national independence 
brought to the Churchmen who had sympathized with the 
principles of the Revolution problems of grave interest. Prior 
to the war the centre of unity for the Clergy and Laity of 
the Church of England in America, had been the recognition 
of the Bishop of London as their Diocesan, and the use by 
Minister and people alike of the same formularies of devotion 
and the acknowledgment of the same symbols of belief. 

"The Prayer-Book remained, indeed, when the war broke 
out, but its use was practically interdicted. The presence of 
the State prayers rendered it unacceptable to those who sym- 
pathized with the revolt, while the 'loyalists,' rather than 
omit these supplications from the accustomed forms, prefer- 
red the closing of their churches and the cessation of all pub- 
lic prayers. But the allegiance due to the See of London was 

20 ^ The Episcopal Church 

wholly destroyed. The Clergy could no longer depend upon 
the license of a foreign Bishop for induction to American 
Parishes. The laity no longer regarded a foreign prelate as 
empowered to administer discipline and exercise oversight 
in the case of their wayward priests, or give the valid com- 
mission to their aspirants for Orders. 

"The Church had felt, in every quarter, the effects of the 
war. In the interruption of services, the removal of the 
Clergy, the suspension of grants from the Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel and from the crown, and the odi- 
nm attaching in the revolted States to everything derived 
from and dependent upon the hated mother-land, the Church 
sunk to the lowest depths of depression, and in some quar- 
ters, seemed well-nigh extinct. The leading Clergymen of the 
North had warmly espoused the cause of the King, and al- 
though, in the Middle States and the South, the Clergy were, 
in general, in sympathy with the popular side, still in the 
minds of the multitude, both in the North and South, the 
Church was regarded as closely connected with' the tyranny 
from which, at a great cost of blood and treasure, the land 
had been freed. Even the Church buildings were, in many 
cases, despoiled and destroyed, and the end of the struggle 
found the Church existing only in a few of the centres of 
population, or else where the piety and popularity of patriot- 
ic Clergymen had enabled its adherents to vreather the storm 
of prejudice and ignorant hate. 

" There had been attempts to secure the Episcopate, and 
earnest prayers for this coveted completion of the order and 
government of the Church in the colonies, dating back for 
upward of a century. But still the close of the war found 
no Bishop in America, and but few Clergymen scattered 
throughout the independent States. Even where the Church 
had been established, it had suffered depletion in numbers 
and the spoiling of its goods and glebes. In Virginia, where 
prior to the Revolutionary struggle, there were upw^ards of 
one hundred and sixty churches and chapels, with nearly a 

IN West Virginia. 21 

hundred Clergymen ministering at their altars, the close of 
the contest found ninety-five Parishes extinct, and of the re- 
mainder nearly one-half were without ministrations. Less 
than thirty Clergymen remained at their posts when the war 
had ceased. Many of the Churcbes had been closed pr con- 
verted to other uses or else destroyed. The sacramental ves- 
sels even had been, in many cases, taken by sacrilegious hands 
and devoted to unholy purposes. Here, as elsewhere the 
Church was well-nigh extinct. 

"But there were those, both of the Clergy and Laity, who 
were alive to the necessity of organization and the creation 
of a fresh bond of unity. To accomplish these purposes, 
meetings were held in various parts of the country — in Con- 
necticut, in Maryland, in Virginia, in New Jersey, in Penn- 
sylvania, in New York. At length, in 1784, the Rev. Dr. Sea- 
bury received consecration at the hands of the Bishops of 
the Church in Scotland as Bishop of Connecticut; and then, 
in 1787, the Dev. Drs. White- and Provost were consecrated 
in England as Bishops of Pennsylvania and New York, re- 
spectively, and, in 1790, the Rev. Dr. Madison was also con- 
secrated in England as Bishop of A^irginia. 

"The period of organization was, however, succeeded by 
one of depression. The death, one by one, of the older Clergy 
who had, to a large extent, come from England, found few 
prepared to take up the ministerial work. The lesson of self- 
sustention was to be learned, now that the stipends, freely 
dispensed by the venerable Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel, were withdrawn. 

''Besides a hatred and dread of things English, and a wide- 
spread adoption of the manners and disbelief of the French, 
reduced religion to a low ebb, and made the Church, though 
no longer, even by name, a dependent of England, yet dis- 
trusted and disliked. It was still a day of small things as far 
as the influence and increase of the Church was concerned. 
But soon tokens of revival began to appear. The names of 
Bishops Hobart of New York, Griswold of the Eastern Dio- 

22 The Episcopal Church 

cese, Moore of Virginia, and Chase of Ohio, will always be 
associated with this period of our history. Nor must we omit 
the name of Bishop Meade of Virginia. He was ordained in 
1812, and in 1829 was consecrated as assistant to Bishop 
Moore. " It was largely through his abundant labors that the 
Church was revived in Virginia. In 1821, the Constitution of 
the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Church 
was perfected, and in 181i5, the epoch of the great develop- 
ment of the missionary spirit in the Church, Bishop Kemper 
was sent forth to this Missionary Episcopate, comprising the 
'Northwest,' and in 1838 Bishop Polk was sent to the South- 

Since these days of revival, the progress of the Church 
has been steadily onward. The excitement of the civil war 
did, indeed, involve a temporary suspension of the friendly 
relations existing between the Northern and Southern Dio- 
ceses. But, with the return of peace, came the glad return 
of unity, and since the Church was united, its advance has 
been more rapid than before. Its missions, at home and 
abroad, have been multiplied. Its literary institutions have 
taken root on every side. Its Dioceses have increased by the 
erection of new Sees and the division of the older and larger 
ones. Its charities have reached a magnitude and importance 
claiming and receiving the praise of all philanthropists, and 
the Episcopal Church in America enters upon its second cen- 
tury with a new Angor and promise. Giving proof of its ad- 
aptation to all classes and conditions of men, its future bids 
fair to be as its past, only more abounding in influences for 

The Diocese of West Virginia. 
A division of the Diocese of Virginia was agitated as early 
as 1821, but the first practical move made in the matter, was 
at a Convocation of the Clergy in Western Virginia, some 
seven in all, held in Charleston, Kanawha, in 1851. The Rev. 
Jas. D. McCabe, of Wheeling, had prepared a memorial look- 
ing to a division and it was presented, but Bishop Meade, who 
was present, opposed the move, and the paper was withdrawn. 

IN West Virginia, 23 

The next meeting looking in this direction was held in Clarks- 
burg, August 24, 1865, but as there was no guarantee that a 
new Diocese could be supported, the effort came to naught. 

The subject was, however, from this time continually agi- 
tated, and on November 15, 1872, at a Convocation held in 
Charleston, Kanawha, Major A. T. Laidley was appointed to 
open correspondence with the Vestries and to report at a 
Convocation to be held in Volcano, April 23, 1873. The re- 
sponse from the Vestries was so meagre and incomplete, that 
although the meeting was held, nothing could be done. 

On January 19, 1874, at a meeting of the Vestry of St. 
John's, Charleston, another effort was made to get a full 
expression of the people in behalf of the new^ Diocese, but the 
effort failed, it may have been chiefly on account of the oppo- 
sition in the eastern counties. 

In the autumn of 1875, Bishop Johns expressed himself in 
favor of the division, provided the support of the Diocese 
could be secured, and on April 19th, 1876, at the twentieth 
annual session of the Convocation of West Virginia, held in 
Wellsburg, steps were taken to bring the matter formally be- 
fore the annual Council of Virginia, meeting in Alexandria in 
May. That Council recommended the calling of a conference 
of the Clergy and Laity of the Parishes and Congregations 
within the limits of West Virginia, to furnish such informa- 
tion as might enable the Council at its next session to act in- 
telligently on the subject. 

This Conference met in Parkersburg on April 18th, 1877. 
Two sessions were held; they were well attended and the 
best feeling prevailed. The Conference adjourned to meet in 
Staunton on May 16th. The result was the request to set 
apart West Virginia as a separate Diocese. The request 
was granted bj^ the following vote: 

Ayes — ^Clergy, 91; Laity, 94. Noes — Clergy, 4; Laity. 10 

Bishop Whittle having given his consent, the matter w^as 
brought up before the General Convention, meeting in Bos- 
ton in October, and bv them ratified. Thus the Diocese of 

24 The Episcopal Church 

Virginia was divided, and the new Diocese of West Virginia 
created. The primary Convention was held in Charleston, De- 
cember 5, 1877, resulting in the election as Bishop of the Rev. 
J. H. Eccleston, D, D. He having declined, at the first annu- 
al Council held in Charlestown, February 27, 1878, the Rev. 
George W. Peterkin, of Memorial Church, Baltimore, was 
elected. He was consecrated in St. Matthew's Church, Wheel- 
ing, on Ascension Day, May 30, 1878, by the Bishop of Ohio, 
assisted by the Bishops of Pittsburg and Virginia, the Assist- 
ant Bishop of Kentucky and the Bishop of Southern Ohio. 

Clergy List. 

The following clergy were connected with the Diocese at 
its organization. The names in italics indicate, that of the 
original clergy, only two are connected with it at the begin- 
ning of 1902. 

Present in Charleston^ December, iSyj: 

Kev. James G. Armstrong. . Wheeling- 1877 tr. 1S7S. 

Rev. Geo. A. Gibbons Fairmont 1877 

Eev. K. A. Cobbs Charleston 1877 ob. 1887. 

Eev. James Grammer Middleway 1877 tr. 1879. 

Kev. Emil J. Hall Lewisburg 1877 tr. 1879. 

Rev. John P. Hubbard Shepherdstown 1877 tr. 1880. 

Eev. Wra. L. Hyland Parkersburg- 1877 tr. 3879. 

Eev. T. H. Lacy Pt. Pleasant 1877 tr. 3 880. 

Eev Jno. W. Lea Martinsbnrg- 1877 ob. 1884. 

Eev. W. T. Leavell Hedgesville 1877 ob. 1899 

Eev. E. H. Mason Union 1877 ob. 189.^> 

Eev. W. H. Meade Charlestown 1877 tr. 1883. 

Eev. S. D. Tompkins Volcano 1877 ob. 1885 

Rev. Jno. F. Woods Clarksburg 1877 

IN West Virginia. 25 


List of Clerical and Lay Delegates to the Annual Councils of the 
Diocese of Virginia from the churches in Western Virginia. 


List of Clergy, in what is uow West Virginia, 1785-1877. 
The dates do not give the time of ordination, nor of first par- 
ochial charge, but the year when first reported in the Con- 
ventions or Councils, as in charge of congregations in the 
present territory of West Virginia, 

It is to be noted also that the names of Parishes do not 
always indicate that the organization was complete at the 
date given. 

Clergyman. Parish. County or Town. Date. 

Addison, Thos. G St. Matthew's . . .Wheeling 1861 

Allen, Benjamin St. Andrew's Jefferson 1818 

Ambler, Chas. E Zion Church Charles Town 

Andrew^s, Chas. W Trinity Ch Shepherdstown . .1842 

Armstrong, William St. Matthew's . . ."Wlieeling 1837 

Armstrong, John St. Matthew's . . .Wheeling 1823 

Armstrong, J. G St. Matthew's ...Wheeling 1875 

Barr, David St. Mark's St. Albans 1873 

Benton, M. M St. John's Wheeling 1870 

Braddock, W. L All Saints' Monroe 1873 

Broadnax, W^. A Christ Ch Clarksburg 1858 

Brooke, Jno. T Norborne Berkeley 1826 

Brooke, Pendleton Christ Ch Clarksburg 1870 

Bryan, Jno. L Christ Ch Bunker Hill 1817 

Callaway, C. McK: St. Andrew's Jefferson 1851 

Carson, T. M Bunker Hill Berkeley 1866 

Castleman. R. A Christ Ch Clarksburg 1853 

€hisholm, James Trinity Ch Martinsburg 1844 

Clark, Jonas B St. John's Wheeling 1874 

Cobbs, B. A St. John's Charleston 1876 

Coffin. W. H St. John's Brooke Co 1853 

26 The Episcopal Church 

Clergyman. Parish. County or Town. Date. 

Cowpland, Joshua St. Johns Wellsburg 1867 

Crampton, S. W Hampshire 1840 

Craik, James Kanawha Kanawha 1840 

Curtis, J. F St. Paul's Weston 186& 

Currie, C. George St. Matthew's . . .\Yheeling 1868 

Davis E. T Trinity Ch Martinsburg .... 1855 

Fisher, Andrew St. Paul's Weston 1870 

Gibson Isaac Zion Church Charles Town . . 1865 

Gibbons, G. A Christ Church . . . Fairmont 1875 

Good W. H Xorborne Berkeley Co 1845 

Goodwin, Fred D Kanwaha Kanawha 1831 

Goodwin, James Christ Church . . .Pt. Pleasant .... 1840 

Gordon, John Frederick Co. . . . 1754 

Grammer, Julius E ^I'^ce Middleway 1856 

Grammer, James ^^'^ce Middleway 1869 

Greer David H Christ Ch Clarksburg 1867 

Harrison J. H ^^- Jt)hn's Brooke Co 1843 

Hall, Emile J ^^J^'i^e Pocahontas Co.. . 1877 

Hanson, W. D Trinity Ch Martinsburg .... 1860 

Hayden, H. E Christ Ch Pt. Pleasant 1868 

Heath, '. 'Trinity Ch Shepherdstown . . 1800 

Hedges, Chapline H <^'race Ch Middleway 1836 

Henderson, D. J Kanawha 1855 

Horrell. Thos Xorborne Berkeley 1817 

Howard, C. E St. John's Harper's Ferry. . 1855 

Hubbard, John P Trinity Ch Shepherdstown. . 1876 

Hudson, A. J. M St. Mark's Kanawha 1859 

Hurt. John Jefferson Co. ... 1775 

Hyland. Wm. L Christ Wellsburg 1850 

Jackson, Eobt. F Missionary Wheeling 1877 

Jacobs, Cyrus M. Trinity Martinsburg . . . 1836 

Jacobs, W. F. M Trinity Marshall 1859 

Johnson. W. P. C Xorborne Berkeley 1832 

Jones, Alex St. Andrew's Jefferson Co 1825 

Jones, E. Valentine Trinity Ch Huntington .... 1875 

T.acy, T. H Christ Pt. Pleasant 1873 

Lea, John W Trinity Ch Martinsburg 1875 

Leavell, Wm. T Wyckliffe Kabletown 1866 

Linpitt, E, E X'orborne, Berkeley Co 1821 

Towe, Enoch M Xorborne, Berkeley Co 1819 

Manning, Wm Berkeley Co 1772 

Martin, John Kanawha Kanawha Co. . . 1835 

Mason, E. H AH Saints' Union 1870 

May. G. S 

McCabe. .Tames D St. John's Wheeling 1849 

McDonouarh, A. A St. Paul's Weston 1874 

McGill, John St. John's Eipon 

IN West Virginia. 27 

Clergyman. Parish. County or Town. Date. 

McGuire, Wm Christ Bunker Hill 18.)7 

McMeeheu, James M Wood Co 1840 

Meade, W. H Zion Charles Town .. 1867 

Mee, C. B St. Mark's Kanawha Co. . . 1872 

Meldrum, Frederick 1765 

Moore, James St. John's Wheeling 1860 

Morrison, J. Horace, Trinity Shepherdstown. . 1839 

:Morrow, W. B St. John's Wheeling 1868 

Muhlenberg. Peter Berkeley Co 176S 

Nash, Norman Hampshire 1S21 

Xash, Sylvester Hampshire Hampshire 1824 

Nash, F. B St. Mark's Kanawha 1845 

Xock, Joseph A St. John's Charleston 1868 

Ogilvie, Jas Berkeley Co . . . . 1771 

Page, James J Berkeley Co 1853 

Page, Bernard Trinity Martinsburg 1795 

Page, Chas. H St. Mark's Kanawha Co. . . 1823 

Page, C. Eandolph Ravens wood .. ..Jackson 1873 

Perkins, E. T Missionary I'arkersburg 1848 

Peterkin, Joshua WicklifFe Clark & Jeff. . . 1851 

Powell. Jno. D Wickliffe Clark & Jeff. . . 1855 

Price. Jas Shepherdstown. . 1810 

Reynolds, John H Hardy Hardy 1796 

Robertson, John J Xorborne, Berkeley 1822 

SeAvell, William Si . John's Brooke 1838 

Sharp, Henry T St. Paul's Weston 1870 

iShiras, Alex Wickliffe Clark & Jeff. . . 1840 

Smith, Thompson L c-t. John's Kanawha 1855 

Smith, Joseph H St. John's Wheeling 1858 

Smith. Benj. B St. Andrew's Jefferson 1822 

Smith, Thomas Parkersburg 1S43 

Smythe, Thos. H St. Paul's Weston 1858 

Sprigg, D. F Trinity Martinsburg .... 1850 

Stewart, Wm. G St. :Mark"s Kanawha 1868 

Stubbs, Shepherdstown . . 1786 

Stringfellow, Horace, Jr St. John's Harper's Ferry. . 1851 

Sturgis, Daniel Trinity Martinsburg .... 1771 

Taliaferro, Chas. C Trinity Martinsburg .... 1837 

Tompkins, iS. D St. Paul's Weston 1848 

Tongue, Thos. O Missionary Wheeling 1871 

Tyng, Dudley A Zion Jefferson Co. .. 1851 

Tyng, Jas. H Trinity Martinsburg 1830 

Veasy, Martinsburg 1830 

Ward, H. D Kanawha Kanawha Co. ... 1845 

Ward, Wm. N Christ Ch Clarksburg 1835 

^^^*' Missionary . . . . l\anav\ ha Co. . . 1844 

28 The Episcopal Church 

Clerg-yman. Parish. County or Town. Date. 

Wheat, J. Thomas St. Matthew's . . Wheeling 1830 

Wheeler, A Jackson 1843 

Whittle, F. M St. John's Charleston 1848 

Wilson, Francis Trinity Martinsburg- 1786 

Wiimer, Emmanuel 

Woods, John F Trinity ISloundsville 1865 

List of Lay Delegates, 1785-1877. 

Laymen. Parish. County or Town. Date. 

Allen, Benjamin St. Andrew's . . . JetlersuJi 1816 

Allen, G. E. C Christ Ch. ...... Clarksburg 1853 

Andrews, M. Page Ta-.inity Shei^herdstown. . 1869 

Arthur, Joseph Norborne Berkeley 1834 

Baxter, Wm. E St. John's Brooke 1870 

Baylor, Col. E. W ^^ion Charles Town . . . 1867 

Beall, John Y Zion Charles Town . . . 1860 

Berkeley, Prof. E. C Trinity Monongaha 1877 

Berkeley, Edmund Kanawha Kanawha 1826 

Blackford, W^m. M Xorborne Berkeley 1827 

Bonham, Kobt. C. St., Matthew's . . ^Vheeling 1852 

Brady, S St. Matthew's . . Wheeling 1876 

Brown, James St. Andrew's . . . Jefferson 1832 

Brown, Hiram D St. Matthew's . . Wheeling 1858 

Brown, E. T Zion Charles Town . . 1874 

Bryan, Dr. C. P Madison Pocahontas 1874 

Bnrwell, Dr. Philip Eavenswood . . . Jackson 1874 

Butler, Ch as. T Trinity iShepherdstown. . 1850 

Chapline, Isaac Trinitj'- Shepherdstown. . 1832 

Colston, Edward Norborne Berkeley 1822 

Conrad. D. H Trinity Martinsburg 1853 

Cordelle, L. C Zion Charles Town . . . 1866 

Colton, Dr. Jno. T St. John's Kanawha 1876 

Craighill, Nathaniel St. Andrew's . . Jefferson 1819 

Curtis, Geo. D Trinity Marshall i «70 

Dangerfield, Jno. E Wickliffe Clark & Jeff. . . . 1842 

Eoff, Beverly M St. John's Wheeling 1870 

Fitzhugh, Burdett Eavenswood . . Jackson 1853 

Fryatt, Tillotson Norborne .Berkeley 1820 

Grantham, J. J Norborne Berkeley 1870 

Gric-gs, Thomas St. Andrew's . . . Jefferson 1830 

Hall, Geo. W Trinity Shepherdstown. . 1867 

Hamraett. Samuel St. .John's Pleasants 1853 

Howley.- James O Rt. Paul's Weston 1852 

Helm, Strother M Norborne Berkeley 1819 

Hendprson. David E Zion Charles Town .. 1872 

Hildreth. S. P iSt. Matthew's . . .Wheeling 1875 

IN West Vikginia. 29 

Laymen. ' Parish. County or Town. Date. 

Iloge, Isaac Trinity Marshall 1852 

Hogeman, Wm. H St. John's Charleston 1869 

Howard, H. E Pt. Pleasant Mason 1870 

Hunter, Edward P Norborne Berkeley 1847 

Jackson, Genl. J. J Trinity Parkersburg- 1867 

Jacobs, W. F St. John's Harper's Ferry. . .1851 

Jones, Strother Kanawha Kanawha 1824 

Kirk, Thomas Christ Ch Erooke 1853 

Kreglow, Geo. T Mt. Zion Ch. . . . Hedgesville 1877 

Laidley, Maj. A. T St. John's Charleston 1869 

Lee, Edmund I Trinity Shepherdstown. . 1870 

Lee, Charles H Xorborne P.erkeley 1841 

Lee. Richard Henry Trinity Shepherdstown. . 1847 

Lockridge, James T ^Madison Pocahontas 1877 

Lynn. Geo., Jr Hampshire Hampshire 1833 

Magi.ll, Archibald Xorborne Berkeley 1831 

McCandlish, E.J St. Paul's Weston 1853 

McCluney, Col. James St. Matthew's ...Wheeling 1870 

McXeer, James All Saints' Union 1875 

Moncure, Dr. .Tas. D Trinity Huntington 1872 

Morgan, Wm. A Trinity Shepherdstown. . 1858 

Morgan, Morgan Norborne Berkeley 1785 

Morgan, Jacob Trinity Shepherdstown. . 1845 

Morgan, Daniel Trinity Shepherdstown. . 1836 

Myers, Cromwell Mt. Zion Ch. ...Hedgesville 1872, Sylvester Christ Ch Berkeley 1819 

Nash, Norman Hampshire 1819 

Nelson, Francis Hampshire Hampshire 1825 

Nelson, Thomas N'orborne Martinsburg 1828 

Nelson, Mann P Norborne Berkeley 1833 

Norwood, Wm. Jr All Saints' Monroe 1874 

Oley, Gen. Jno. H Trinity Huntington 1877 

Page, John W Hampshire Hampshire 1831 

Page, William Norborne Berkeley 1816 

Patrick, Dr. Spicer St. John's Charleston 1856 

Pendleton, Wm. H Norborne Berkeley 1840 

Pendleton, Wm Norborne Berkeley 1853 

Pendleton, William Norborne Berkeley 1815 

Pinkney, Chas. C WicklifFe 1834 

Reynolds, John H Hampshire Hampshire 1799 

Eobinson, E. K Trinity Martinsburg 1873 

Rose, Robert Kanawha Kanawha 1834 

Russell, Joseph A (St. John's Harper's Ferry. . 1850 

Sharpe, George Hampshire . . . . Hampshire 1824 

Shepherd. Abram St. Andrew's Jefferson 1817 

Silver, Francis Norborne Berkeley 1830 

Smith, Aug. J Trinity Shepherdstown.. 1865 

30 The Episcopal Church 

Laymen. Parish. County or Town. Date. 

Smith, Cruger W., Jr Christ Ch Clarksburg 1870 

Staples, E. W Emmanuel . . . . Wood 1873 

Steele, Thos. G Christ Ch Marion 1870 

Suydam, Abraham Trinity Cabell 1870 

Tallant, Henry St. John's ....... Wheeling 1853 

Thomas, Jno. L Christ Ch Berkeley 1839 

Thompson, Judge Geo. W...St. Matthew's ..Wheeling 1872 

Thompson, Philip E St. Mark's Kanawha 1836 

Thompson, Francis St. Mark's Kanawha 1853 

Triplett, F. M St. John's Pleasants 1870 

Veasy, Geo. W St. John's Brooke 1853 

Walker, James Norborne Berkeley 1818 

Ward, Joel Norborne Berkeley 1818 

Washington, Bushrod C. . . . St. Andrew's Jefferson 1823 

Watson, W. E Christ Ch Fairmont 1877 

White, S. T Grace Ch Middleway 1876 

White, Nathan S Zion Charles Town . . 1858 

Wilson, John Christ Ch Berkeley 1833 

Woods, Andrew P St. Matthew's .Wheeling 1848 

Young, J. Thornton Trinity Martinsburg 1876 


List of Clerical and Lay Delegates to the Annual Councils of the 
Diocese of West Virginia— 1877-190 I. 

List of Clergy in the Diocese of West Virginia, 1877-1901. 
The date gives the j^ear when first reported at the Council. 

Clergyman. County or Town. Date. 

Ambler, John Fairmont 1887 

Ambler. John C Grafton 1898 

Armstrong. J. G St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1877 

Birckhead, Chas. M St. Albans 1886 

Blake, .Tas. H. W 'Middleway 1879 

Brittingham, Jacob Parkersburg 1881 

Brooking, Robt. U Point Pleasant 1892 

Buchanan, Anselm Wellsburg 1879 

IN West Virginia. 31 

Clergyman. County or Town. Date. 

Burkhart, W. HuUihen Bluefieid 1890 

Burwell. Walter L Charles Town 1887 

Campbell, Chas. M St. Albans 1886 

Canliekl, Isaac A Powellton 1895 

Card, Gerald Charleston 1897 

Caswell, Ilobt, C. (Tenn.) Buckhannon 1900 

Chrisman, Wilson Page Charles Town 1894 

Chrisman, Clayton Alex Wellsburg 1895 

Cobbs, K. Addison Charleston 1877 

Crook, Guy H Koueeverte 1901 

Cooke, Thos. W Clarksburg 1898 

Coombs, L. K. (S. Va.) Lewisburg 1894 

Couj)land, Eobt. S Charles Town 1900 

Cowpland. Joshua Pt. Pleasant 18sl 

Curran, T. J. Oliver Wheeling (St. Andrew's) 1900 

Davis, Wm. Lawrence Parkersburg I895 

Deaver, J as. N Charles Town 1897 

Duggett, Luther W Fairmont 1895 

Douglas, John S Martinsburg I899 

Dame, Geo. W Clarksburg 1880 

Easter, Geo. W Union 1892 

England, Howard G. (Va.) Ripon 1898 

Everett, W. B. (Va.) Harper's Ferry 1889 

Etnton, Arthur K Powellton I893 

Ferguson, J. Dudley Moorefield 1878 

Fick; H. L. A St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1899 

Fitsh. Jas. L W. Grafton 1900 

Fitzpatrick, J. B St. Albans 1885 

Fletcher, Robt. (Center. N. Y.) . . . Charles Town 1898 

Forrest, Douglas F., D. D Clarksburg 1892 

Foster, John T Grafton 1890 

Gantt, J. Gibson St. .Hike's, Wheeling 1885 

Gibbons, Geo. A Fairmont I877 

Gibbons, J. Howard Poiut Pleasant 1901 

Gibson, Eobt. A Parkersburg 1878 

Gibson, .John S Middleway 1883 

Grammer, Jas Middleway 1877 

Gravatt, Wm. L Charles Town 1893 

Gray, Arthur P Lewisburg 1888 

Griffith, Saml. H Moorefield 1884 

Grinnan, Andrew G Pt. Pleasant 1895 

Griibb, Curtis Lewisburg 1886 

Hall, Emile J Lewisburg 1877 

Hammond, Kensey J Parkersburg 1883 

Hannah, C. Gilbert Morgantown 1899 

Hiatt, Jacob A Parkersburg 1900 

Howard, David W St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1900 

S2 The Episcopal Church 

Cleroyman. County or Town Date. 

Hubbard, John P Shepherdstown 1877 

Hyland, \Vm. L ParKersburg 1S77 

Joyner, John il St. xVlbans, 1894 

Iveeble, J. W Weston 1882 

Lacv, T. H Point Pleasant 1877 

Lea, John Willis Martinsburg 1877 

Leavell, Wm. Thos Hedgesville 1877 

Lee, Francis D Lewisburg 1880 

Lewis, Arthur M Powellton 1900 

Lee, E. J Shepherdstown 1900 

Levering, Lewis R Grafton 1901 

Lightbourn, John S Huntington 1893 

Lof tus, J. Totenham Moorefield 1881 

Marley, John Tilton Powellton, 1896 

Marshall, W. K. Parkersburg 1896 

Mason, L. K Shepherdstown 1882 

Mason, Uichard H Union 1877 

Marshall, jXorman F Huntington 1887 

Meade, F. A Hinton 1883 

Meade, Wm. H Charles Town 1877 

Moneure, John Union 1891 

Morgan, llobt. J. (Del.) Charleston 1897 

Moore, S. Scollay, D. D Parkersburg 1888 

McGill, John (Va.) llipon 1878 

MacQueary, T. Howard Fairmont 1885 

Neilson, W. H.. D. D Shepherdstown 1891 

Tsoland, E. Grattan Wellsburg 1884 

Pearson, C. C St. Luke's, Wheeling 1882 

Penick, lit. llev. C. C, D. D Fairmvmt 1899 

Powers, W. H. H Weston 1879 

Price, Arthur R Powellton 1900 

Roderick, R. Austin Grafton 1889 

Roller, Robt. Douglas, D. D Martinsburg, 1879 

Shaw. Chas. E Harper's Ferry 1899 

Sheerin, James Morgantown 1895 

Sommerville, Grant Paul Leuisburg 1890 

Spalding, C X St. Luke's, Wheeling 1881 

Spurr, B. M Moundsville 1894 

Swan, Thos. E Buchannon 1897 

Swope, Rodney Rush, D. D St. :\[attliew's, Wheeling 1878 

Taylor, Jefferson R :\rontgomery 1888 

Thomas, Nathaniel Seymour St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1897 

Thomas, Henry INfartinsburg 1888 

Thomas, Harris B Lewisburg 1899 

Thompson, P. D. (Va.) Ripon 1892 

Tompkins, Saml. D Volcano 1877 

Tucker, Dallas • liarles Town 1883 

IN West Virginia. 33 

Clergyman. County or Town. Date. 

Turner, M. Thurston (Md.) Lewisburg 1897 

Tyler, B. B Charles Town 1890 

Wager, Peter , St. Albans 1891 

Ware, J. W Clarksburg 1882 

Willis, Andrew J Middleway 1890 

Winecoff, Thos. E Morgantown 1898 

Wirgman, Henry T Parkersburg 1885 

Woods, John F Clarksburg, 1877 

Young, Lee H St. Andrew's, Wheeling 1896 

List of Lay Delegates, 1877-1901. 

Names. Residence. Date. 

Adams, D. J Clarksburg 1878 

Aglionby, John. O Shepherdstown 1891 

Alexander, Herbert L Martinsburg 1897 

Alexander, J. B Moundsville 1891 

Ambler, B. M. Parkersburg 1880 

Angle, Stephen L Sistersville, 1899 

Asehman, Dr. G. A St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1894 

Baird, Wm. N Eomnej^ 1894 

Bailey, D. M Weston, 1879 

Baker, J. L. W Martinsburg 1877 

Baldwin, D. B Bluefield 1892 

Ball, W. J Wellsburg 1891 

Barbor, H. B Princeton 1891 

Bartlett, C. W Parkersburg 1892 

Barton, D. J INlorgantown 1899 

Baxter, Hon. Felix J Sutton 1894 

Baxter, Geo. A Wellsbvirg 1883 

Beckwith, Hon. Frank Charles Town 1893 

Berkeley, Prof. R. C Morgantown 1878 

Bland, E. S Sutton 1897 

Blanchard, H. M Bluefield 1900 

Bloomer, Geo. C Lewisburg 1885 

Bowie, E. B St. Luke's Wheeling 1894 

Boyd, John E., Jr Martinsburg 1887 

Brady, Hon. S St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1880 

Brown, Dr. H. M Union 1888 

Browne, Robt. W St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1887 

Broun, Maj. Thos. L Charleston 1878 

Bryan, Dr. C. P Pocahontas Co 1877 

Burns, David Clarksburg 1887 

Camden, Dr. T. B Weston 1878 

Carroll, W. C Charles Town 1891 

Chandler, Ed. W St. Alban's 1883 

Chew, Robt Charles Town 1891 

Coe. Chas. Cleveland Kenova 1897 

34 The Episcopal Church 

Names. Eesidence. Date. 

Colston, Capt. W. B Martinsburg 1892 

Cox, Friend Moundsville 1894 

Cotton, Dr. John T Charleston .' 1877 

Craighill, Gen. W. P Charles Town 1897 

Crawford, Wyatt C Huntington 1895 

Creel, Geo. A Moundsville 1880 

Crow', G. B Ripley 1898 

Cunningham, Col. J. C St. Albans 1877 

Curtis, Eobt Moundsville 1883 

Dandridge, Hon. A. S Shepherdstown 1889 

Davison, Thos St. Andrew's, Wheeling 1896 

Davisson, E. G Weston 1899 

Derbyshire, H. J Huntington 1888 

Despard, B Clarksburg 1893 

Devine, John C St. Andrews, WTieeling 1899 

Dimmick, M. C Huntington 1894 

Du Bois, Jos. D St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1894 

Dunlap, Dr. John L Union 1879 

Eastham, Hon. P. C Point Pleasant 1890 

Emmons, C. D Huntington 1897 

Ensign, Ely Huntington 1898 

Fowler, Fred Clarksburg 1899 

Frazier, Wm. C Summit Point 1890 

Gallaher, John T Moundsville 1896 

Gamble, Dr. H. McG Moorefield 1878 

Gamble, Wm Moundsville 1883 

Gassman, J Martinsburg 1893 

Gilbert, W. H Middleway 1899 

Gordon, C. W Parkersburg 1892 

Grantham, James Middleway 1887 

Green, F. H Eavenswood 1897 

Greer, Jacob R St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1886 

Greer, W. Homer ' Eipley 1894 

Haile, Eobt. G Hinton 1899 

Hall, F. L Wellsburg 1899 

Hall, S. Bruce New Martinsville 1896 

Hall, A. C Wellsburg 1879 

Hall, Geo. W Shepherdstown 1878 

Hanson, J. W Harper's Ferry 1895 

Hartley, John Leroy 1894 

Hartman, Wm. T Fairmont 1899 

Harri son, W. G Weston 1888 

Haymond, A Morgantown 1880 

Henderson, Eichard Charles Town 1898 

Henderson, H. C Williamstown 1895 

Henshaw, Wm. S Martinsburg 1878 

Higginbotham, C. C Buckhannon 1899 

Hildreth, S. P St. Lukes Wheeling 1883 


IN West Virginia. 35 

Names. Kesidence. Date. 

Hodgman, B. F JNloirndsville 1896 

Hogeman, W. H Charleston 1881 

Howell, Da^dd Charles Town 1890 

Hubbard, W. G Charleston 1899 

Hunter, Dr. J. H ^lartinsburg 1883 

■Hunter, C. W Davis 1900 

Jackson, C. Edwin St. Andrew's, Wheeling Ib')7 

Johns, Thos St. Luke's, Wheeling 1898 

Johnston, A. S Union 1885 

Jones, Chas. C Leetown 1900 

Keller, B. F Bramwell 1898 

Tveuncdy, W. S Charles Town 1893 

Kilmer, E. B Hedgesville 1897 

Kilmer, Wm. H Hedgesville 1884 

Klase, Dr. W. X Montgomery 1897 

Knightstep, W. C iJipley 1882 

Kreglow, Geo. T Hedgesville 1877 

Laidlej', Ma j. A. T Charleston 18S3 

Laidley, W. S Charleston '. 1889 

La Eue, Corbin llipon 1900 

La Kue, F. C Eipon 1895 

Lee, E. I She~pherdstown 1877 

Lewis, Mord Clarksburg 1893 

Lewis, Comyn St. Matthew's, Charleston 1898 

Ligon, Dr. John Pocahontas Co 1878 

Lingamf elter, Lee Hedgesville 1883 

Linthicum, Jas. M Moorefield 1880 

Lippitt, Dr. W. F Charles Town 1889 

Lobb. C. Jas Moorefield 1899 

Logic. Dr. J Lee Town 1877 

Logan, Jos. D Union 1887 

Londin, William Lorentz 1899 

Lucas, Chas. C Lee Town 1900 

Lucadoe, J. D St. Luke's, Charleston 1892 

Lyeth, B. F Martinsburg 1886 

Martin, Saml. E New Martinsville 1898 

Martin, Philip ]\roundsviIle 1897 

Martin, C. C Parkersburg 1899 

Matthews, S. W Moundsville 1895 

Mayo, Dr. M. L Huntington 1885 

Miller, C. A Martinsburg 1890 

Miiler, Jacob Hedgesville 1895 

Mitchell, J. S Weston 1889 

Moler, Lee Shepherdstown 1884 

Morgan, E. S Eavenawood 1880 

Morgan. Morgan Banker Hill 1881 

]Moss. H. H.. Jr Parkersburg 1899 

INIoss. H. H Parkersburg 1894 

36 The Episcopal Church 

Names. Residence. Date. 

Miizzey, Frank W Shepherdstown 1899 

Myers, A. H Hedgesville 1895 

MacLeod, A. E AVhite iSulphur 1900 

McCandlish, K. J Parkersburg- 1877 

McClure, John St. j.nke"s. Wheeling 1884 

McConihay, John H St. Albans 1883 

McGill, E. W Okonoko 1895 

McXeer, Jas Union 1877 

McPherson, Irwin Leroy 1893 

Nelson, Dr. Mann Page Middleway 1886 

Noble, N, A St. MattheAv's, Wheeling 1893 

Norris, John W ^Y^llow Island 1883 

Northcott, G. A Huntington 1890 

Norton, Percy Ehn Grove 1894 

Nye, Dr. John L St. Albans 1880 

Ole.v, Gen. John H Huntington 1877 

Orndoff, Alex Moorefield 1899 

Park, J. A Eavenswood 1880 

Parks, Alex INIartinsburg 1894 

Parsons, G. W Eomney 1899 

Peck, L. Tenny Kenova 1899 

Peterkin, W. Gj Parkersburg 1898 

Peterson, B. W St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1895 

Peyton, John Howe Charleston 1895 

Poindexter, Wm. E Huntington 1883 

Potts, H. W Shepherdstown 1899 

Powell, Simms Parkersburg 1888 

Progler, H. S Eipley 1896 

Queale, Wm Grafton 1893 

Ealston, Er Weston 1887 

Eankin, E. J :\rHrtiuKburg 1878 

Eeed, Lloyd Clarksburg 1895 

Eichardson, J. Lynn Charleston 1899 

Eichardson, J. J Fairmont 1S99 

Eidgeley, W. C Wellsbnrg 1886 

Robinson, John S Mannington 1893 

Eogers, Thos IMorgantown 1879 

Eogers, Judge J. P St. Luke's, Wheebng 1883 

Eogers, Geo. J St. Luke's, Wheeling 1898 

Eussell, Henry McG Okonoko 1896 

Sands, Jos. E Fairmont 1898 

Sands, Lawrence E -St. l>uke"s. Wheeling 1889 

Sands, O. S Clarksbui-g 1893 

Sehon, Hon. Edmuna Pt. Pleasant 1877 

Shaffer, Philip A Moundsville 1897 

Sharp, Dr. W. H Volcano 1880 

Shirley, Geo. P :\riddleway 1896 

Shirey, C. A Bluefield 1900 

IN West Virginia. 37 

Names. Residence. Date. 

Shrewsbury, C. M Parkersburg 1880 

Slaughter, Ed. L Charleston 1897 

Smith, Judge Jos Kavenswood 1877 

Smith, Cruger W Clarksburg 1879 

Smith, Dr. J. E St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1884 

Snape, Albert Moundsville 1895 

Spillman, H. E Point Pleasant 1899 

Spillman, Gen. B. D Parkersburg 1890 

Springer, Murray L St. Luke's, Wheeling 1897 

Stalnaker, Randolph St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1895 

Staples, E. W Volcano 1878 

Stribling, G. W Pt. Pleasant, 1887 

StribUng. T Pt. Pleasant 1880 

Strider. Isaac Leetown 1883 

Stuckey, Chas Bunker Hill 1878 

S%^'imley, Wm Bunker Hill, 1878 

Tatum, Peebles St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1891 

Tarr, Clarence Wellsburg , 1883 

Taylor, Archibald St. Luke's, Wheeling 1894 

Thayer, Dr. A. H Grafton 1899 

Thomas, Harris B Grafton 1891 

Thompson. Capt. C. L Huntington 1897 

Thompson, Maj. B. S Hinton, 1897 

Thompson, Judge G. W St. Matthew's, Wheeling 1877 

Tippfett, Geo. W Pt. Pleasant, 1899 

Trapnell, Joseph Charles Town 1896 

Triplett, J. M AVillow Island 1891 

Tyler, W. D Bramwell 1896 

Van Antwerp, F. R Hinton 1895 

Vance, J. Carl Clarksburg 1896 

Vandervort, E. M Weston 1894 

Warren, A. A Weston 1887 

Washington, B. C Charles Town 1881 

Watson. W. E Fairmont 1877 

Waters. J. T Charleston 1899 

Wetzell. D. S Lewisburg 1885 

White. ISr. S Charles Town 1877 

Williams, .T. E Weston 1882 

Wilson, W. A St. Luke's, Wlieeling 1899 

Wirsrman, E. O Romney 1893 

Wolff, M. K St. Luke's, Wheeling 1899 

Wood, James Ward , Moorefield 1879 

Woods. C. C Elm Grove 1895 

Wynkoff. Garrett Hedgesville 1881 

Young. J. T Martinsburg 1884 

38 The Episcopal Church 


Digest of Annual Councils of Diocese of Virginia 1785-1877, with 
Parochial Reports from Churches, in what is now known as the 
Diocese of West Virginia, and full statements from addresses of 
the Bishops, having reference to their visitations In that territory. 

There is not in our land a Diocese more truly historic than 
Virginia. It was within her borders that the first services of 
the mother Church were enjoyed in the United States, It 
was upon her shores that there were made the first efforts 
to introduce into our country the light of the Gospel as it is 
reflected from our liturgy and other standards. Within her 
bounds there are still extant the remains of the first sanctu- 
ary, built within the limits of the Union. Q'he first religious 
service in Virginia was held at Jamestown on the 14th of 
May, 1607, the Rev. Robert Hunt, a clergyman of the Church 
of England, officiated, as he did also at the first marriage 
service ever performed in Virginia (1608). He was instru- 
mental also in the speedy erection of a church, and when this 
was destroyed by fire in a few months a new and substan- 
tial building was erected (1608). The ruins of the brick tower 
of this church may still be seen on Jamestown Island. By 
the year 1616 there were three parishes founded and settled, 
viz: Henrico and Bermuda Hundred, (Rev. Mr. Whittaker. 
He it was who baptized Pocahontas, and afterwards married 
her to Mr. Rolfe,) and Jamestown, Mr. Bucke. Up to 1619 
the whole number of clergy who had come over to the col- 
ony was seven, viz. Messrs. Hunt, Bucke, Glover, Whittaker, 
Keith, Mease and Bargrave. In 1619, Messrs. Hunt, Glover, 
and Whittaker were dead, and the clergy in Virginia were: 
Rev. James Bucke, Jamestown Church; Rev. George Keith, 
•Elizabeth City Parish; Rev. Thomas Bargrave, Henrico, and 
Bermuda Hundred, Rev. William Mease. 

IN West Virginia. 39 

In 1621, in obedience to a call from the Governor. Sir 
(Uorge Yeardlej, the assembly of Virginia convened in its 
first meeting, in the Church at Jamestown. The session was 
opened with prayer by the Rev. Mr. Bncke, and the enact- 
ments of the Legislature formally established the Church 
of England in Virginia. 

Before giving a list of the Clergy who in early days min- 
istered in the territory now known as West Virginia, it may 
be well to mention a few well known facts as to the formation 
of the counties in that section, to remind us that the familiar 
Mrginia names covered then, what is now West Virginia ter- 

Augusta county was formed in 1738, and included all of the 
"utmost parts of Virginia," and extended from the Blue 
Ridge on tlie East to the Mississippi on the West. 

All that part of this great territory which stretches from 
the borders of the present Pocahontas Count}', on the Alle- 
gheny mountains, northwest to the Ohio river, was for some- 
time known as the District of West Augusta, and from this 
District the first assembly of the newly declared common- 
wealth of Virginia meeting in the old State House at Wil- 
liamsburg, did in October, 1776, form three distinct counties, 
^Monongalia, Ohio and Youghiogheny. It will further be ob- 
served that up to 1772, the county of Frederick covered all 
the territory now embraced in Berkeley and Jefferson. 

It is impossible to say in what part of these extensive dis- 
tricts the men whose names are mentioned labored. The rec- 
ords are not very full, and we have to be content with the 
general statement. 

It is further to be noted here, that in 1755 all that part of 
Frederick west of North Mountain was formed into Hamp- 
shire county. 

List of the Clergy from 1700 to 1785 who labored in what 
is now West ^"irginia. 

Names. Coiinty. Year. 

Gordon, John Frederick 1754 

Henderson, John Augusta 1747 

40 The Episcopal, Chfrch 

Names. Coiintj'. Year. 

Hurt, John Jefferson 1775 

Jones, John Augusta 1752 

Manning, William Berkeley 1772 

Meldium Frederick 1765 

Muhlenburg, Peter Berkeley 1708 

Ogilvie, James Berkeley 1771 

Sturges. Daniel Berkeley 1771 

In hiis Digest of the Councils of the Diocese of Virginia, 
the Kev. Dr. Dashiell says, in speaking of the Church after 
the Revolution: While we look at the i)ublished records for 
the purpose of learning what was the mind of our fathers in 
the Church, yet the heart of those ancestors cannot be so 
easily discerned. No report of resolutions or canons passed, 
can make known to us what was the measure of religious 
feeling that prevailed. Traditions we have in abundance to 
tell us, that like unto the assembling of the tribes of God's 
people under the old dispensation, were the gatherings to- 
gether .of Virginia families when the conventions would meet 
in the days of Bishop Moore and Bishop Meade. They were 
glad, blessed assemblings. The spirit of fraternal affection 
was ardent, and every such meeting was in the truest, sweet- 
est sense, a family reunion. A result of every such Conven- 
tion was the increase of the spirit of religion in the commu- 
nity where it met. 

For a number of years before and after the Revolution the 
Church in Virginia was in an exceedingly depressed condi- 
tion. She went through and came out of the war suffering 
from all its demoralizing and depressing influences. Poverty, 
dispersion and wickedness, left their effects upon all the com- 
monwealth and the Church had her full share in these mis- 
fortunes. She suffered much in the loss of character upon the 
part of ministers and people, and also in the loss of property 
of which she was plundered by iniquitous legislation, Not 
only were the glebes taken away from the Churches, but 
in some cases, the Communion Plate was seized and sold for 
public purposes. 

IN West ViuciiNiA. 41 

Convention of 1785. Richmond, Va. 

There were present :><» clergymen and 71 laymen. Among 
the laymen we note the name of IMorgan ]Morgan, Norborne 
Parish, Berkeley- Co. 

Rev. James Madison, I>. I)., was President of the Conven- 

An address was prepared to the members of the I'rotestant 
Episcopal Cbureh in Virginia, from which is taken the fol- 
lowing: "For more than eight years onr Church hath lan- 
guished under neglect, ^^'e will not, however, believe that 
our friends have revolted, and therefore trust that a knowl- 
edge of ber present condition will rekindle their former af- 

Of what is the Church now ])Ossessed? Nothing but the 
glebes and your affections. Since the year 177G she hath 
been even without regular government, and her ministers 
have received but little compensation for their services. 
Their numbers are diminished by death and other causes, and 
we have as yet no resoun-e within ourselves for a succession 
of ministers. Churches stand in need of repair, and there 
is no fund equal to the smallest Avant. 

By the favour of Providence, indeed, the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church is incorporated by law, and under this sanction 
are we now assembled. We have accepted the invitation of 
a Convention lately holden in New York, to send deputies to 
another to be holden in Philadelphia in the fall." 

Convention of 1786. Richmond, Va. 

There Avere present IG clergymen and 47 laymen. Rev. 
James Madison was elected President. 

The State was di^dded into 24 districts for assembling the 
ministers annually in Presbytery for conference and visita- 

District No. 12 contained the Counties of Frederick, Berke- 
ley, Hampi^hire and Hardy. 

District No. 14 contained wiiat now^ comprise the counties 
of Botetourt. Washington, ^lontgomery, .Jefferson, Fayette, 

42 The Episcopal Chtkch 

Lincoln, Nelson, Greenbrier and such others as were made 
during the last session of the Assembly. 

District No. 18 contained the counties of Ohio, Monongalia 
and Harrison. 

The Ke^'. David (iriffith was elected Bishop by a vote of 
:!2 out of 4!>. 

Convention of 1787. Richmond, Va. 

Present 15 clergy and 30 laymen. 

Rev. David Griffith, President. 

The convention urged the churrhes to attend to the duty 
of supporting their pastors v.ith a moderate but adequate 
provision, also to raise the funds needed to pay the expenses 
incident to the consecration of a Bishop, and instructed the 
standing committee to apply without delay, to Bishops White 
and Provost, or to either of them, to admit the Rev. Dr. 
(Griffith to consecration. 

Convention of 1788. No Journal. 

Convention of 1789. Richmond, Va. 

Present 10 clergymen and 23 laymen. 
Rev. John Bracken, President. 

Rev. David Griffith relinquished the appointment of Bishop 
to which he had been elected in .May, 1787. 

Convention of 1790. Richmond, Va. 

Present 27 clergjiiien and 29 laymen. 

Rev. James Madison, D. D., President. 

The Rev. Alexander Balmain, Frederick Parish, Frederick 
Co., was appointed Visitor for District No. 12 including the 
counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Hampshire and Hardy. 

This was done under Canon 8, which is here given as of un- 
usual interest, showing how in early days the Church at- 
tempted to meet the lack of Episcopal supervision. 

Canon 8. The clergy of several neighboring parishes, not 
less than three nor more than ten, shall assemble in pres- 
bytery annually, on the second Wednesday in April, at some 
convenient place in the district, to be appointed by a majority 

IN Wi:8T VlUGINIA. 43 

of the jniuLstei'S iu the .same district; one in each district 
shall be appointed to preside at their meetings with the title 
of Visitor, who shall anuuallly visit each parish in his district, 
shall attend to and inspect the morals and conduct of the 
clergy, shall see that the Canons and rules of the Church are 
observed, and that no abuses are practiced, shall admonish 
and reprove privately those clergymen who are negligent, or 
act in an unbecoming manner, and shall report yearly to the 
Bishop, if there be one, or, if there be no Bishop, to the next 
Convention, the state of each parish in his district, noting 
down the offenders and their offenses. 

The Rev. James Madison, ]). D.. was elected Bishop, and a 
sum not exceeding £200 voted to defray the expenses of his 

Convention of 1791. Richmond, Va. 

Present 23 clergymen and 24 laymen. 

Bishop Madison presided, he having been consecrated 
Bishop at Lambeth on lUth of September. 1790, by the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury and the Bishops of London and Roches- 

The districts formed in 1786 were rearranged; only one cov- 
ering any part of what is now West Virginia, viz: District No. 
22, containing the parishes of Frederick, Xorborne, Hamp- 
shire and Hard}'. Rev. Alexander Balmain, Visitor. 

Resolutions were adopted looking to the better prepara- 
tion and training of candidates for orders by the presby- 
teries; to the formation of a society for the relief of the 
widows and orphans of deceased clergy; to set apart New 
Year's day for divine worship; and also requiring the par- 
ishes to pay sixteen dollars each to enable the Bishop to 
make his visitation. 

Convention of 1792. Richmond, Va. 

Present 23 clergymen and 24 laymen. 

Bishop Madison presided. He reported having visited 14 
]>arishes and that in 5 of them upwards of 600 persons were 

44 Thf: p] PISCO pat. Chuuch 

Convention of 1793. Richmond, Va. 

Present 18 clergymen and 27 lawmen. 

Bishop Madii^on presided. The Bishop was allowed £100 
salary and his traveling expenses, he being also Rector of 
James City I'arisli. 

The deputies to the General Convention, were unanimously 
instructed to vote against the proposition to give the House 
of Bishops a full negative, upon the proceedings of the other 
Canonical provisions as adopted substantially, in 1785. "Min- 
isters shall wear a surplice during the time of prayer at pub- 
lic worship in places where they are provided; shall wear 
gowns when they preach, where the}' conveniently can; and 
s'hall at all times wear apparel suitable to the gravity of their 

Bishops and Priests shall administer the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper, at least four times in the year, at each Church 
or place of worship in their respective parishes. 

Convention of 1794. Richmond, Va. 

Present 12 clergymen and 18 laymen. 
Bisho]) ^ladii-on presided. 

Convention of 1795. No Journal. 
Convention of 1796. Richmond, Va. 

Present 26 clergymen and 31 laymen. 

Bishop Madison presided. 

For the first time, in the record of these Conventions, we 
note the presence of a clergyman from what is now West Vir- 
ginia, viz. Rev. .John H. Reynolds, Hardy Parish. 

Convention of 1797. Richmond, Va. 

Present 21 clergymen and 40 laymen. 

Bishop Madison presided. 

The Convention was especially occupied in considering the 
questions arising from the efforts made to deprive the Church 
of its property, and protest was made against any interfer- 
ence of the Assembly, as a violation of the rights of pri- 

IN West Virginia. 45 

vate property, .and of one of the fundamental principles of 
the present government. 

Convention of 1798. No Journal. 
Convention of 1799. Richmond, Va. 

Present 16 clergymen and 21 laymen. 

BislDop Madison presided. 

As the sole representative from West Virginia we note the 
name of John H. Reynolds, as lay deputy from Hampshire 
Parish. This seems inconsistent with the record of the Con- 
vention of 1796. 

Conventions of 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 and 1804. 

The depressed condition of the Church led to great irreg- 
ularity in, if not discontinuance, of Conventional meetings 
during these years — indeed from this period up to 1812. It is 
known however that Conventions were held in 1803 and 1805 
and that they were called for 1802, 6, 7, 9 and 11, although 
there are no Journals for those years. 

Convention of 1805. Richmond, Va. 

These Conventions seem to ha^e been held uniformly in 
Richmond, and to have met in the Capitol building up to 
1814; in 1815 and 1816 in Monumental Church. In 1817 the 
meeting was in Fredericksburg. After that the course was 
as follows: Winchester, 1818; Petersburg, 1819; Alexandria, 
1820; Norfolk, 1821; Charlottesville, 1822; Leesburg, 1823; 
Staunton, 1824; Richmond, 1825; Lynchburg, 1826, &c., &c. 

Present in 1805, 16 clergymen and 23 laymen. 

J5ishop Madison presided. 

Canons were passed requiring parochial reports ; the reg- 
ular election of Vestries; also requiring ministers to attend 
Conventions except in case of sickness, or other good reason. 

A resolution was passed to elect an asisistant Bishop in 
view of Bishop Madison's declaration that he was unable to 
discharge the whole of the arduous duties of the office. The 
nomination was po'stponed to the Convention of 1806, of 
which we have no Journal. 

46 The Episcopal Church 

Convention of 1812. Richmond, Va. 

Present 13 clergymen and 12 laymen. 

Bishop Madison haying died, March 6th, 1812, the Key. John 
Bracken, L). D., of Bruton Parish, Williamsburg, was elected 
President. He was afterwards elected Bishop. 

A resolution was adopted reaffirming the canon passed in 
1805, concerning the system of itineracy for the vacant par- 

Convention of 1813. Richmond, Va. 

Present clergymen and 9 laymen. 

Bishop Meade says 7 clergymen, and it is this Conyention 
he alludes to, when he says ''Our deliberations were con- 
ducted in one of the committee rooms of the Capitol, sitting 
around a table. There was nothing to encourage us to meet 
again. I w^ell remember, that having just read Scott's 'Lay 
of the Last Minstrel,' as I took my solitary way homeward 
on horseback, I found myself continually saying in relation 
to the Church in Virginia, in the words of the elfish page, 
'Lost, lost, lost;' and never expected to cross the mountains 
again on such an errand.*' 

The Rev. Dr. Bracken was chosen President. He after- 
wards resigned the office of Bishop to which he had been 
elected by the Convention of 1812. 

Convention of 18 14. Richmond, Va. 

Present 7 clergymen and 17 laymen. 

Rev. Wm. H. 'V^'ilmer, President. 

The Key. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., of New York, 
was elected Bishop, after being first elected Rector of the 
Monumental Church. 

Tt being resolved tbat committees be appointed in different 
towns, to assist in raising funds to supply vacant parishes, 
for Martinsburg there were appointed Mr. Wm. Pendleton, 
Col. Elisha Boyd, Mr. Raleigh Colston. 

Convention of 1815. Richmond, Va. 

Present 14 clergjinen and 28 laymen. 
Bishop Moore presided. 

IN West Virginia. 47 

Two of the laymen were from West Virginia, viz. William 
Pendleton, Xorb'orne Parish, Berkeley eonnty, and Benjamin 
Allen, Jr., St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson county. 

The Committee on parochial reports say that the reports 
from the Parishes of Norborne and St. Andrews, and Hardy 
and Hampshire are favorable, though no statistics are given. 

In the whole State about 600 communicants, 200 confirm- 
ations and 200 baptisms were reported. 

Convention of 18 16. Richmond, Va. 

Present 16 clergymen and 27 laymen. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia, Benjamin Allen, Jr., St. An- 
drew's Parish, Jefferson countj^, and William Page, Norborne 
Parish, Berkeley county. 

The treasurer of the Diocese reported having received -flo 
from Xorborne Parish and |15 from St. Andrew's. 

From the committee on parochial reports: 

^7. Andrew's and JSforbornc — The reports from the I'arishes 
of St. Andrew's and Norborne are highly favorable. A new 
Church has been finished at Shepherdstown. Two others, 
one at Bunker Hill, and one at Charles Town, will, it is ex- 
pected, be finished in the course of a few months. Another 
at Hedges Chapel is just commenced and is expected to be 
under roof this fall. Well grounded hopes are entertained 
that another will be shortly erected on Back Creek in the 
Western part of the Parish of Norborne. The Rev. Thomais 
Horrell, of Maryland, has been elected Rector of this Parish. 
The number of catechumens in these parishes is about 300; 
baptisms, 85. 

"Bishop Moore in his report says that in August, (1815) he 
preached at Harper's Ferry. The next object that attracted 
my attention was Shepherdstown, in which place I found a 
very large and respectable assembly, to whom I preached 
and administered the rite of confirmation to upwards of 50. 
From there 1 proceeded to Mr. Colston's and the next day 
preached to an interesting congregation at the edge of the 

48 The Epi!?copal Chukch 

North Mountain. I then proceeded to Martinsburg where I 
officiated and confirmed upwards of 50. 

Since my residence in Virginia three Churches in Jefferson 
county, and three in Berkeley have been furnished with reg- 
ular and stated worship by Mr. Benjamin Allen. Martins- 
burg has called a clergyman, the Rev. Mr. Horrell." 

Convention of 1817. Fredericksburg, Va. 

Present 16 clergymen and 24 la^'men. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

From West Virginia, Eevs. Benjamin Allen, St. Andrew's 
Parish, Jefferson county; Rev. Thos. Horrell, Xorborne Par- 
ish. Berkeley county; and Rev. Jno. L. Bryan, Christ C'hurch, 
Bunker Hill, and Mr. Abram Shepherd. St. Andrew s Parish. 

The treasurer of the Diocese reported |30 paid by St. An- 
drew's Parish. 

The committee on parochial reports say: 

There are two Churches in Norborne Parish, one in Mar- 
tinsburg, and the other in the gap of the mountain, eight 
miles distant. The number of communicants is small in the 
Church in town. The congregation belonging to the moun- 
tain Church is numerous, communicants from 30 to 40. The 
foundation of a church has lat'^ly been laid near the site of 
the old one, baptisms 29, marria^, -s 1, communicants in the 
Parish at large 78. 

Christ Church, Berkeley county. Thirty-one communicants, 
baptisms, 43, catechumens, 35. A neat and commodious 
Church has just been erected. 

In St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson county, there are 100 
communicants; baptism's 87. The new (.'hurch in Charles- 
town is nearly finished. The Church is in a progressive state. 

Convention of 1818. Winchester, Va. 

Present 17 clergymen and 2G laymen; 28 clergy reported 
in the Diocese, including the Bishop. 
Bishop Moore presided. 
Prom West Virginia, present. Rev. Thos. Horrell. Xorborne 




IN West Virginia. 49 

Parisli; Kev. Jno. L. Bryan, Christ Church, Berkeley- county; 
Rev. Benjamin Allen, St. Andrew's Parish. 

Messrs. Abram Sihepherd, St. Andrew's Parish; Joel Ward, 
Christ Church, Berkeley county; James Walker, Xorborne 

The treasurer reported |30 paid by St. Andrew's Parish^ 
and |30 by Norborne Parish. 

The committee on parochial reports says: 

Since the last meeting of the Convention a neat and com- 
modious Church has been erected on the North Mountain in 
Norborne Parish. The congregation and communicants have 
increased; communicants 90; baptisms 10; funerals 5; mar- 
riages 3. 

In Christ Church, Berkeley county, no change has taken 
place indicative of a revival since the last year's report. The 
regular at;tendance however of the members on the public 
worship of God and their orderly deportment while there, en- 
courage the hope that the diligent use of those means which 
God in his word has promised to bless and make effectual 
in bringing the people out of darkness into light, and from 
the bondage of sin and Satan into the glorious liberty of the 
children of God, will be at last successful. 

Two members added at the last communion. Number of 
communicants 33; baptisms 50; catechumens 35; 1 marriage; 
1 death. 

Parish of St. Andrew's — Communicants 150; baptisms 153; 
funerals (not before reported) 12; marriages (not before re^ 
ported) 13. 

A religious library has been established in each of the 
principal congregations of the Parish, the benefits of which 
are extended to the catechumens and the poor. Baptisms 1 
adult, 10 children, by the minister of this Parish in vacant 
Parishes where no register is kept. 

Convention of 18 19. Petersburg, Va. 

Present 13 clergj^men and 19 laymen. 

Bishop Moore presided. ' 

50 The Episcopal Church 

Present from West Virginia: 

Rev. Jno. L. Bryan, Christ Church, Berkeley county; Rev. 
Benjamin Allen, St. Andrew's Parish, Jeffenson county; Rev. 
Enoch M. Lowe, Norborne Parish, Berkeley county. 

Messrs. Nathaniel Craighill, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson 
county; Sylvester Nash, Christ Church, Berkeley county; 
Strother M. Helm, Norborne Parish, Berkeley county; Nor- 
man Nas'h, Hampshire county. 

The treasurer reports |30 from St. Andrew's Parish; $15 
from Christ Church; |30 from Norborne Parish, also |100 
from St. Andrew's Parish on account of Fund for the support 
of the Episcopate. 

Bishop Moore in his address, says: "After leaving the Con- 
vention in Winchester last May I repaired to the congrega- 
tion at Bunker's Hill at which place I consecrated a new 
stone Church. to the service of Almighty G^od; preached to 
a devout and pious people and confirmed 35 persons. 

I then visited Martinsburg at which place I preached twice 
on the Sabbath to a respectful and attentive auditory and 
confirmed 14. 

North Mountain — I visited the North Mountain where I pro- 
claimed the truths of the Gospel to a large and attentive as- 
sembly consecrated a new and beautiful Church and confirm- 
ed 15. 

ShepJierdstoum — From the North Mountain I went to Shep- 
herdstown, at which place I preached to a large auditory and 
confirmed 50. 

Charles Town — From thence I went to Charles Town, in Jef- 
ferson county, opened a new and elegant church and con- 
firmed 25." 

From the committee on parochial reports. 

Eampshire — The Church in Hampshire County begins to ex- 
hibit some sATnptoms of revival. About ten congregations 
'have been formed since July last. There are two Churches 
nearly completed, and preparations are making to repair an 
old one. The Rev. Messrs. Allen and Brvan have visited these 

IX West Virginia. 51 

cougregations and baptized 15. A vestry has been elected, 
and a number of persons are anxious to receive the sacra- 
ment of the Lord's Supper when an opportunity offers. 

Christ Church, Norhonw Parish, Berl-eley County — Rev. Jno. 
L. Bryan, Rector. Communicants 50; baptisms 1; adult 18; 
white and 7 colored children; marriages 5; catechumens 35; 
funerals 4. 

This Church has lately had times of refresihing from the 
presence of the Lord. Many appear to be truly penitent and 
are inquiring w^hat they shall do to be saved, among whom 
are isome of the young, who, according to the counsel of Solo- 
mon, remember their Creator in the days of their youth. A 
Sunday school has been established in this parish, which 
promises extensive usefulness to society. 

WicMiife — Wickliffe is a new Church lately erected; the con- 
gregation is just forming, and the prospects are flattering. 

St. Andrews^ Parish, Jefferson County — The report from this 
Parish states 200 communicants, 88 baptisms, 6 marriages, 15 
funerals, and the collection made to the Episcopal Fund 
amaunted to flOO. Sunday schools have been established 
throughout the Parish and 'have proved extensively useful. 

Xorhornc Parish, Berkeley County — The minister being only 
in Deacon's orders, and, consequently, not having authority 
to administer the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, has not 
been able to ascertain with any certainty the number of com- 
municants in his Parish. He believes, however, the number 
to be about 100. Marriages 2; baptisms 1; funerals 3. 

The prospects of religious improvement in this_ Parish are 
encouraging. The Church is raising her drooping head, and 
the Kingdom of our Lord and Saviour is rapidly advancing. 
The A'estry of this Parish has purchased for their clergyman 
a comfortable parsonage. 

Convention of 1820. Alexandria, Va. 

Present 19 clergymen and 26 laymen. 
Bishop Moore presided. 
Present from West Virginia: 

52 The Episcopal Chukch 

Revs. Jno. L. Bryan, Christ Church, Berkeley County; Ben- 
jamin Allen, St. Andrews' Parish, Jefferson County; Enoch 
M. Lowe, N'orborne, Parish, Berkeley County. 

From report of committee on parochial reports. 

Christ Church, Berkeley County — Communicants 50 ; baptisms 
2 adults, 7 infants; marriages 4; funerals 2. The Sunday 
school established last year is still progressing in usefulness. 

Wickliffe Church — ^Communicants 6; baptisms 4; funerals 1. 

Norhorne Parish — Communicants 101; catechumens 45; mar- 
riages 6; baptism's 24; funerals 16. 

Of the above number of communicants, 24 have been added 
since the last Convention; several are now in preparation for 
this holy ordinance. The prospects of the Church in this 
Parish are flattering in the ihighest degree. The people are 
spiritual and devotional, and manifest a growing attachment 
to the principles and liturgy of their Church. 

St. Andrew^s Parish — There has been an increase of com- 
municants. Sixty of those formerly registered in this Parish 
have been formed into a church in Maryland. Present num- 
ber of communicants 150; baptisms 75; marriages 0: burials 
9. The Church in Shepherdstown has been increased in capac- 
ity. Oontribution to Episcopal fund |50. 

Convention of 182 I. Norfolk, Va. 

Present, 17 clergy and 24 laymen. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Revs. Benjamin Allen, St. Andrews' Parish, Jefferson 
County; Edward R. Lippett, Norborne Parish, Berkeley coun- 

Mr. Abram Shepherd, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson coun- 

From report of committee on parochial reports. 

St. Andreiv's Parish, Jefferson County — Communicants 150; 
baptisms 45 ; funerals 27. This Parish within the last two 
years has contributed to the Episcopal fund more than 
enough to redeem its pledge of |5() per annum. The general 

IN West Virginia. 53 

state of the Church is improving, though nothing worthy of 
special note exists. 

Norhorne Parish, Berkelei/ Count}/ — Communicants 100; bap- 
tisms 4G; marriages 3; burials 8. 

Christ Church, Norborne Parish, Berkeley County — Communi- 
cants 50; baptisms 2; marriages 2. 

The spiritual state of this Church has not undergone a 
material change since the last report. The people are seri- 
ous and attentive to the v\'ord of God, and are regular in their 
attendance on public worship. 

Convention of 1822. Charlottesville, Va. 

Present. 21 clergy and 22 laymen. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia : 

Kevs. Edward K. Lippitt, Norborne Parish, Berkeley Coun- 
ty; Jno. J. Kobinson, Grace Church, Norborne Parish; Benj. 
B. Smith, St. Andrews' Parish, Jefferson County. 

Mr. Edward Colston, Norborne Parish, Berkeley County; 
Abraham Shepherd, St. Andrews' Parish, Jefferson County. 

To treasurer paid by Norborne Parish, |.30, and by St. An- 
drews' Parish, |30. 

Also paid to fund for Theological school; Berkeley county, 
1150; Jefferson County, |515.33. 

Total from the diocese, |10,268.33. 

From committee on parochial reports. 

St. Andrews' Parish, Jefferson County — Baptisms 20; 3 of 
them black children; marriages 6; deaths 14; to the com- 
municants no additions. 

Norborne Parish, Berkeley County — Communicants 100; bap- 
tisms 11: manages 3; burials 5. There are at present in this 
Parish four places of stated preaching, at all of which there 
are respectable and attentive congregations. The prospects 
of the Church, in this Parish, are, upon the whole, encourag- 

Bishop Moore, in his address, after speaking of a visit to 
Leesburg says: "I then passed on to Charlestown, in Jeffer- 

54 The Episcopal Church 

son count}', at which place I also preached. Leaving Charles- 
town I hastened to Shepherdstown, in the same county and 
there I also offioiaited. From Shepherdstown I went to a 
chapel at the North Mountain, where I preached to a large 
congregation. From North Mountain I proceeded, in com- 
pany with the Rev. Mr. Lippitt, to Martinsburg, at which place 
I preached twice on the Sabbath to large and attentive con- 
gregations, and administered the rite of confirmation. I 
then passed on to the Church at Mill Creek, in which place, 
notwithstanding the weather was very rain}, I preached to 
a devout and respectable congregation. 

The county of Hampshire formed the next object of my 
attention, in which district I preached in three different 
places. In Hampshire but two or three years since, we had 
not a single place of worship belonging to our Communion. 
Through the laborious efforts, however, of the Rev. Norman 
Nash there are two respectable churches." 

Episcopal fund reported, |2,850; widows and orphans, fund 
reported, |4,783.67. 

Convention of 1823. Leesburg, Va. 

Present, 18 clergy and 23 laymen. 

In the absence of the Bishop, the Rev. Wm. H. Wilmer, D. 
D., presided. 

Present from West Virginia: Revs. John Armstrong, 
Wheeling; Chas. H. Page, Kanawha county; Messrs. Bush- 
rod C. Washington, St. Andrews' Parish, Jefferson county; 
Edward Colston, Norborne Parish, Berkeley county. 

Treasurer reported as received from Zion Church, St. An- 
drews' Parish, $15. 

Parochial reports: 

Norhorne Parish, Berkeley Count i/ — Communicants ft"; bap- 
tisms 31; marriages 3; burials 3. 

Christ Church, Berkeley County — This church being with- 
out a pastor, divine service is performed by a lay reader. The 

IN West Virginia. 55 

congregations are attentive and zealously engaged in the 
great business of working out their salvation. It is hoped 
that the spirit of religion is increasing, and that in this part 
of our Zion, our God has regarded the day of small things. 

Kanaivha Parish — The congregation is increasing in num- 
ber and has about 10 communicants; baptism 3; marriages 1. 
At Goalmouth the congregation is in a very flourishing state, 
and many are earnestly seeking the pearl of great price. Com- 
municants 12; baptisms 1-5. 

In Charlestown and in Mason it is expected that churches 
will be built, and there is one now building at the mouth of 
Coal. There are two Sunday schools in this Parish. 

Wheeling Parish, Ohio Count if — The Rev. John Armstrong 
has been engaged in this station for about two years, and 
signal success appears to have attended his ministry. In this 
region, which was but lately a howling wilderness, the seeds 
of spiritual life have been sown, and the dews of divine grace 
have fallen with prolific virtue. Under the care of the pres- 
ent pastor, an Episcopal Church has been built in the town of 
Wheeling, of brick, 60x45, containing 72 large and commo- 
dious pews, an organ and a bell. Ten miles from this place by 
the zealous influence of the same reverend gentleman and the 
blessing of God, another Episcopal church has been built. 
Ma}' heaven prosper the good work and make the hearts of 
His people to rejoice. Communicants 28; baptisms, 16 chil- 
dren and 6 adults ; marriages 16. 

Convention of 1824. Staunton, Va. 

Present, 12 clergy and 16 laymen. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Revs. Sylvester Nash, Hampshire Parish; Chas. H. Page, 
Kanawha Parish. 

Messrs. George Sharpe, Hampshire Parish; Strother Jones, 
Kanawha Parish. 

Amounts received from West Virginia churches: Hamp- 

56" Thk Episcopal Church 

shire Parish, |15.00; Kanawha Parish, flS.OO; Christ Churcli, 
Berkeley county, |11.00. 

Parochial reports: 

The Church in Hampshire County has suffered much for 
want of regular ministrations heretofore; to secure which its 
present scattered and enfeebled condition renders every ef- 
fort necessary. Those efforts, however, they appear willing 
to exert, and are endeavoring to the extent of their ability 
to render the administration of the word both permanent 
and frequent. Seven places of worship, all regularly attend- 
ed, five otf them once or twice a month on Sundays, and other 
places occasionally on Wednesdays. Baptisms 32 (3 adults); 
marriages 3; funerals 6. 

Kanaicha — In Kanawha Parish no material change has tak- 
en place during the last year. In the congregation at the 
mouth of Coal and also that of Charlestown there are about 
12 communicants. The minister has once visited Cabell Coun- 
ty, and several times Mason County, where he found the 
people favorably disposed to the Church, and a very wide 
field for ministerial labors. Baptisms 35 (12 colored chil- 
dren); deaths 60 (35 children); marriages 12. 

Convention of 1825. Richmond, Va. 

Present, 23 clergy and 26 laj-men. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Revs. Chas. H. Page, Kanawha Parish; Alex. Jones, St. 
Andrews' Parish, Jefferson County; Sylvester Nash, Hamp- 
shire Parish. 

Messrs. Edward Colston, Norborne Parish, Martinsburg; 
Bushrod C. Washington, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson coun- 
ty; Francis Nelson, Hampshire Parish. 

The trustees report 21 students and 2 professors at the 

Treasurer reported |18 received from St. Andrews' Parish. 

Parochial reports: 

Hampshire — ^This Parish has undergone very little change 


REV, JOHN T. BROOKE, D. D., 1826. 



IN West Virginia, 57 

since the last report. Its prospects, however, are growing 
brighter. Much zeal and devotion to the interests of the 
Church are displayed by the few who have there rallied 
around her standard. They have evinced the sincerity of their 
attachment in the zealous efforts made by them for the erec- 
tion of a house of worship. An edifice of respectable dimen- 
sions has been commenced. Communicants 34; baptisms 5; 
funerals 1. 

Kanaicha Parish — There are signs of considerable improve- 
ment in this Parish. The Gospel has exerted a favorable 
influence on the morals of the people. 

Whccrnn/—28 communicants; baptisms, 13 children and 2 
adults; marriages 20. 

Convention of 1826. Lynchburg, Va. 

Present, 21 clergy and 16 laymen. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Revs. Chas. H. Page, Kanawha Parish; Jno. T. Brooke, 
Korborne Parish; Mr. Edmund Berkeley, Kanawha Parish. 

There was reported |3,900 invested towards a permanent 
Episcopal fund. The contingent fund amounted to |193.25, 
of which Kanawha and Cabell Parishes paid |13.00 and Xor- 
borne Parish |15. 

Parochial reports: 

Kanaicha and Cahcll Parishes — The minister reports that he 
has been regularly preaching at the mouth of Coal and at 
Charlestown in the county of Kanawha, and at Barbours- 
ville and Guyandotte, in Cabell County, at which places the 
congregations have varied from 100 to 150. Serious and anx- 
ious attention has been paid to the services of the sanctuary, 
and some few have opened their hearts to receive the truth 
as it is in Jesus. Baptisms 21; deaths 13; marriages 2. 

At the mouth of Coal, an edifice has been erected for divine 
worship, chiefly through the liberality of one family. It is 
called Bangor Church. Mr. F. T. Thompson says this was the 
family of Davis Hudson. 

58 The Episcopal Church 

3IiU Creek — Rev. Mr. Jackson, of Winchester, on one Sun- 
day in each month oflSciates to a very attentive country con- 
gregation, at Mill Creek, on the borders of Berkeley county. 
In the effort to raise |500 for the Bishop's fund, assessments 
were made on West Virginia churches as follows: St. An- 
drews' Parish, |15; Norborne Parish, |15; Kanawha County, 
$10; Romney, |5; AVheeling, |10. 

Convention of 1827. Fredericksburg, Va. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Revs. Jno. T. Brooke, Norborne Parish; Alex Jones, St. An- 
drews' Parish; John Armstrong, Wheeling; Mr. Wm, M. 
Blackford, Norborne Parish. 

Reported from Christ Church, Berkeley County, for con- 
tingent fund, .15.25; for assistant Bishop, |5.00; St. Andrews' 
Parish, |15 for contingent fund, and Norborne Parish, .f 12 for 
assistant Bishop. 

St. Andrew^ s Parish,Jefferson County — The Rev. Alex. Jones 
reports: "The churches under my care are in much the 
same condition as when last reported. If there is any circum- 
stance which indicates an improvement, and affords anv en- 
couragement, it is the increase of the congregations. They 
now are large and generally as full as can be conveniently ac- 
commodated; they are also attentive to the preaching of the 
word of God; and occasionally one or two persons have been 
added to the Church, of such as we hope may be saved. Three 
of those who have taken up the Cross of Christ and professed 
to the world that they are His disciples, by obeying His word^ 
and uniting themselves to His church, are young men of sin- 
cere piety and much promise, who are anxious to preach the 
Gospel, and are now preparing with zeal and diligence to en- 
ter the seminary at Alexandria; one will probably be entered 
at the commencement of the next session, and the other two 
a year from that period. It is, however, a subject of lamenta- 
tion and sorrow with the pastor, and with the pious under his 
charge that there is a great and general indifference preva- 

IN West Virginia. 59 

lent in this parish to the truths of the Gospel, and that but 
few are turned from the error of their ways. An auxiliary Ed- 
ucation society is still existing. Baptisms 20; marriages 7; 
addition to the communicants 8; whole number of communi- 
cants, 110. 

Norbonw Parish — Rev. Jno. T. Brooke reports 10 baptisms; 
^ added to the communicants. 

The Female Education Society has not diminished in num- 
bers or in zeal, and the Union Sunday school with which the 
Parish is connected has re-commenced its operations. The 
spiritual improTement of the congregation during the past 
year is encouraging, and the zeal of some members of the 
communion is worthy of remark and calls for gratitude to 

Wellshtirg and Brooke County — Rev. John Armstrong re- 
ports: In March, 1825, the rector took charge of St. John's 
Cihurch, Brooke County, 25 miles from Wheeling. St. John's 
Church had stood in an unfinished state for 25 years; the 
congregation had been very much neglected. In the fall of 
the year 1825 the Church was finished, and it is a source of 
gratification to know that the congregation is very large, and 
a work of grace seems to be going on among the people. 
Communicants 34. 

I preach part of my time in the town of Wellsburg, 16 miles 
from Wiheeling, in Brooke County. The congregation is large 
and very attentive. We have no church in Wellsburg. but I 
hope it will not be long before we shall have one. 

Assessments for the Episcopal fund: St. Andrews' Parish, 
|10; Xorborne, |10; Romney, |5; Wheeling, $10; Kanawha, 

The committee on parochial reports, remonstrate against 
the length and irrelevancy of some of the reports, and re- 
gret that they should have to strike out portions as not 
tending to throw light upon the state of the parishes. 
Convention of 1828. Petersburg, Va. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Pre<ent from West Virginia: 

60 Thk Episcopal Church 

Rev. John T. Brooke, Norborne Parish. 

Messrs. Thos. Nelson, Norborne Parisli, Martinsburg; Lewis 
Berkeley, Norborne Parish, Berkeley County. 

From Christ Church, Norborne Parish, was reported for 
contingent fund, |5; for support of an assistant Bishop, |2.12. 

Xorhorne Parish — Rey. Jno. T. Brooke reports: Communi- 
cant 80; baptisms 7. The Rector humbly trusts that the 
spiritual state of his communion has improved during the 
past year, but is unable to report any who have come out for 
the first time with the important inquiry "What must we do 
to be saved?" The Union Sunday school which is connected 
with one of the congregations has increased in numbers and 
in zeal. 

The trustees of the Seminary report purchase of property 
near Alexandria for |5,000; lalso that the sum of |75 is suf- 
ficient for the board of each student during a session of nine 

Convention of 1829. Chaplottesville, Va. 

Rev. Dr. Wm. Meade presided in Bishop Moore's absence. 
Present from West Virginia: 

Mr. John L. Thomas, Christ Church, Berkeley County. 
Reported from Christ Church, Berkeley County, for the 
contingent fund, |5.00. 

The Rev. Wm. Meade, D. D., was elected assistant Bishop. 
No reports from West Virginia churches. 

Convention of 1830. Winchester, Va. 

Bishop Meade presided in Bishop Moore's absence. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Rev. Alexander Jones, St. Andrews' Parish; Messrs. Thom- 
as Greggs, St. Andrews' Parish; Francis Silver, Christ Church 
Berkeley county; George Sharpe, Hampshire Parish. 

Bishop Meade, in his report says: "About the second week 
in November I made a visit to Berkeley county, preaching 
three times in Martinsburg and twice in Hedge's Chapel, also 
once at Bunker Hill, in the church which is under the care of 

IN West Virginia. 61 

the Rev. Mr. Jackson, of Winchester. While in this county 
I 'administered the Lord's Supper and the ordinance of bap- 
tism at Hedge's Chapel. The Rev. Mr. Jas. Tyng, from the 
diocese of New England, has accepted a call from this Parish 
which has now for some time been destitute, and it is hoped 
b3' the blessing of God will be an instrument of good to it. 

And again on Easter Monday I set out for a visit to some 
of the parishes in Maryland, bordering on the Potomac, which 
I. had been requested to attend to by Bishop Moore, who had 
been invited to take them under his Episcopal charge. 

In the evening I reached Charles Town, where I preached. 
* * * After having concluded the duties required of me 
in Maryland, I returned homeward by the way of Romne}-, 
which I reached on Saturday April 23, preaching there that 
evening and twice the following day. The Rev. Mr. Holiday 
Johns, of Maryland, was so good as to accompany me to that 
place and assist in the performance of divine service, as also 
to preach once on the Sabbath. On Tuesday I preached in 
Zion Church, about 17 miles from Romney, and on the same 
evening Mr. Johns officiated at Bethell. Our members in this 
Parish are few, but very firm and decided, and in two of the 
congregations, meet on the Sabbath when the service and 
a sermon are read by a layman, who was appointed to this 
duty some years since." 

Contributions to the contingent fund: Hampshire Parish 
13.00; Zion Church, St. Andrew's Parish, .flo.OO; Christ 
Church, Mill Creek, Norborne Parish, fT.OO. 

Norhonie Parish — The Church in Norborne Parish under 
his care (Christ Church) is well attended but he has to lament 
the smallness of accessions to the communion. The Church 
has been lately thoroughly repaired by the parish at a con- 
siderable expense, and it is now a very comfortable place of 
worship. J. E. Jackson. 

St. Andrew^ s Parish — The Rev. Alex. Jones reports that 
though the Churches under his care exhibit no striking evi- 
dences of improvement, they are still in such a state as to call 
forth his gratitude, and give some encouragement to his ex- 

62 The Episcopal Church 

ertions. The people of his charge are generally punctual and 
regular in their attendance at the house of God. Those who 
have professed to be followers of Christ are, for the most part 
consistent and without reproach. The Rector has indeed, for 
a short time past entertained some hope from the increased 
zeal of the pious, the religious sensibility of an unusual num- 
ber of his people, the late hopeful conversion of six youths, 
and the evident seriousness of several others, that there was 
approaching one of those seasons of "refreshing from the 
Lord" so much to be desired and for which we should earn- 
estly pray. There are two useful associations, one in connec- 
tion with the general Domestic and Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety, and the other with the Education of the Poor and 
Pious Youth for the ministry. The American Bible, Tract 
and Colonization Societies also receive a cordial and liberal 
support. Communicants 75, 

^St. MaUlieii-'s Clinrcli, Wheeling — Rev. J. Thos, Wheat re- 
ports: "Nine years ago that most laborious and successful 
clergymen, the late Rev. John Armsthong came to this place. 
Full of the spirit of his office he immediately set about the 
(•ollecting of a congregation that should worship God agree- 
ably to the forms of our Church. There was scarcely any 
thing to encourage the making of an effort or to sus- 
tain it when begun. Such a zeal as his, needed no other ex- 
citement than the fact that there were in the town some fam- 
ilies, who not belonging to any other Church, might by judi- 
cious attention be induced to join ours. 

During six years he persevered with varying success amidst 
the greatest discouragements, such as are known only to a 
zealous missionary" occupying a new station remote from the 
great body of the Church, and peculiar local hindrances which 
would have disheartened and turned back a less holy and 
devoted servant of God. The work of the Lord prospered in 
his hands. Assisted by a few pious and other generous in- 
dividuals, he succeeded in procuring the erection of a hand- 
some and commodious Church, and in establishing a Parish, 
embracing within its limits about fortv families, amono- the 

IX West Virginia. 63 

most respectable and intelligent in the place. At the time of 
his niiuh lamented death, there were about 30 communicants, 
and a large and flourisihing vSabbath School was accomplish- 
ing much good. 

But the praise of our late Hector is in other Churches be- 
sides this. By judicioush' and industriously economizing his 
time and labor, he collected large congregations in several 
other neighboring places, and built and repaired three other 
churches in this State and Ohio. 

This scarcely less than Apostolic missionary success, is an 
exemplification of what a holy zeal, united with a general 
disinterestedness and good practical sense, may accomplish, 
when animated by the high considerations to which "the 
called of God" only are accessible. 

St. Matthew's Church was without a pastor for a year 
after Mr. Armstrong's death. I commenced my ministry here 
in August, 1828. I found the Sunday School flourishing; it 
continues to be so. Fifteen families and 14 communicants 
here have been added since, making the present number of 
families about 60 and of communicants 30. Baptisms 2 
adults, 12 children; marriages, 18; funerals, 7 

The Bible class and catechumens preparing for confirma- 
tion are in regular attendance upon stated appropriate ex- 

Of God's abounding grace through Ohrist, we are at this 
moment rejoicing at the cheering indications of a revival and 
diffusion of experimental practical piety. To several of those 
who have been for some time regular in their attendance 
upon the ordinances of the Lord's house, the Spirit of all gra- 
cious affections has shown their ruined state as sinners, and 
has led to that faith in Christ which justifies and sanctifies, 
whereby we have peace with God through Jesus Christ our 

Convention of 1831. Norfolk, Va. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Number of organized Episcopal Churches in the Diocese 
100. The clergy less than half that number. 

64 The Episcopal Church 

Present from West Virginia: 

Mr. John W. Page, Hampshire Parish; Mr. Archibald Ma- 
gill, Christ Church, Berkeley county. 

Reported as from Christ Church, Berkeley county, |5.00, 
for the contingent fund, and fS.OO towards the support of 
the Bishop. 

Bishop Meade in his address says: ''After the convention 
in Winchester in May, 1830. he visited Oharlestown, where 
he preached and confirmed two persons. On August 16th I 
set out to visit our few scattered congregations on the banks 
of the Kanawha and Ohio riAcrs. After leaving Staunton, 
I reached Charlestown in six days. In this place and the 
neighborhood I spent two Sabbaths, and the intervening days 
in the performance of ministerial and Episcopal duties. Dur- 
ing its period I preached ten times, consecrated one Church, 
baptized one adult and nineteen children, confirmed sixteen 
and administered the Lord's Supper twice. I was truly grat- 
ified by my visit to this Parish. It has been now destitute 
for some years of the ministrations of our Church, but there 
are a goodly number of pious persons, who are strongly at- 
tached to our conmiunion, and who are firmly resolved to pro- 
cure the services of some faithful minister, whose temporal 
wants will, I am confident, be well provided for. I trust that 
it will please the great Shepherd soon to send them a pastor 
after his own heart. From Kanawha I directed my course 
toward Wheeling, which I reached in six days. It was my in- 
tention to call at Parkersburg but circumstances prevented. 
While in Marietta, on the opposite side of the river, and some 
miles above, I learned that there were a number of persons 
about Parkersburg, wlio were desirous to obtain the services 
of an Episcopal minister, and that if a suitable one could 
be obtained, a union would be probably formed between 
Parkersburg and Marietta, which might offer a sufficient field 
of usefulness to a pious man and insure him a moderate sup- 
port. I reached Wheeling on Saturday evening and spent 
the three following days there, preaching four times. On 
Wednesday I went to A^>llsburg and preached to a large 



REV. JAMES CRAIK, 1). U., L.L. D., 1840. 

OLD ST. .John's, Charleston, consecrated 1837. 

IN West Virginia. 65 

congregation that night. On Thursday I preached at St. 
John's Church about eight miles from Wellsburg, and in the 
evening in Steubenville, Ohio. I preached again at St. John's 
Church Friday morning, when I confirmed 19, and on Satur- 
day morning- I preached again at Wellsburg, confirming 9. 
At this time a regular Church was organized at Wellsburg 
and a Vestrj^ appointed. I f^el much interested for this new 
church and for the congregation at St. John's. Tthe Rev. Mr. 
Morse, of the Diocese of Ohio, has kindly nursed them for 
some years; but he informs me that they want more attention 
than he can spare from his other charges. Some pious minis- 
ter whose chief desire is to save souls for his hire, might labor 
among them very usefully and though he might not abound, 
he would not I think isuffer want. He would have comfort in 
the society of some sincere, humble and pious souls, and 
might be the instrument of salvation to many sinners. After 
having concluded my labors in Wellsburg and the neighbor- 
hood, I returned to Wheeling and spent another sabbath in 
that place where I admitted seven persons to the rite of con- 
firmation. The Rector of the congregation in Wheeling, ap- 
pears to be earnestly engaged in the duties of the ministry, 
and will I trust receive the blessing of his divine Master. It 
was my intention to have returned by way of Morgantown, 
Clarksburg and Moorefield; but being unable to make ap- 
pointments in due time, I took a different route and. reached 
home after an absence of six weeks. In the month of October 
I paid a visit to the Churches in Berkeley county, and also to 
that in Sihepherdstown. In the county of Berkeley I preached 
repeatedly, admitted 26 to the rite of confirmation, and ad- 
ministered the Holy Communion. Most of the persons con- 
firmed were quite young, but in the judgment of those mo^t 
competent to form a correct opinion, truly engaged in seek- 
ing the salvation of their souls, and well worthy to be ad- 
mitted to a full participation in all the privileges of 
Ood's House. In Shepherdstown I preached twice and con- 
firmed 6." 

St. MaWicic's Church, WheeUn(j—B.e\. J. Thomas Wheat, re- 

66 The Episcopal Chuhch 

ports: "Having obtained help of God, we continue unto this 
day progressing steadil3^ if not rapidly. The visit of our be- 
loved Bishop was a season of refreshing from the presence 
of the Lord. The fallen were raised up, the weak hearted 
were helped and comforted, all were strengthened. The 
Lord has added a few to the Church of such as w^e trust, shall 
be saved. They have given additional body and weight to 
the body of communicants, thirty-two in number, in whose 
confessions of Christ, humility, love, and devotion, the Eec- 
tor has abundant cause of rejoicing and hope." 

The Sunday School is flourishing. Teachers 9; scholars 100. 

The two congregations in Brooke county, so long and faith- 
fully served by Kev. Mr. Morse, of Steubenville, Ohio," still 
continue to prosper under his care. The number of communi- 
cants in both, is I believe about 50. 

Convention of 1832. Alexandria, Va. 

Bishop Meade presided in Bishop Moore's absence., 

Present from West Virginia : 

Eev. Alex. Jones, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson county; 
Kev. Frederick D. Goodwin, Kanawha county; Messrs. James 
Brown, St. Andrew's Parish; John Wilson, Christ Church, 
Berkeley county; Isaac Chapline, Trinity Church, Shepherds- 
town; Edward Colston, Norborne Parish. 

Bishop Meade in his address, says: ''From Staunton I 
proceeded to Kanawha, reaching Charlestown on the follow- 
ing Saturday. In that place and the neighborhood I spent 
five days, preaching seven times, administering the com- 
munion twice, and baptizing six children. During the last 
fall the members and friends of our Church in that region 
obtained the services of the Kev. Frederick Goodwin, who 
is now with us to render a more specific account of the condi- 
tion of that portion of our Zion. 

On the 12th April, I set out to visit according to appoint- 
ment, one of the churches in Hampshire, but in consequence 
of the sickness of my horse, was unable to reach the place of 
appointment. I was obliged to retrace my steps, in order to 
fulfill an engagement at Mill Creek on Saturday, 14th. 

IN West Vihginia. 67 

This I was enabled to do as well as to reach Martinsburg 
and preach there the same evening. On the followino- morn- 
ing I preached again in Martinsbnrg, baptized a child, con- 
firmed 2 and administered the Communion. At night I 
preached to a large congregation in the country-, at ^It. Zion 
Churth, and the next day I preached again, baptized one 
adult, confirmed 2 and administered the Communion. I am 
happy to inform the convention that the Rev. Mr. Johnson 
has been chosen Rector of this Parish, and will enter imme- 
diately on his duties. 

On the following day I proceeded to Shepherdstown. where 
I preached in the evening and also the next morning. From 
there I went to Charlestown, where I also preached twice 
and on the second occasion confimied nine young and in- 
teresting disciples of our Lord." 

Contribution for contingent fund: St. Andrew's Parish 
|15; Christ Church, Berkeley county, |8; Norborne Parish 
|10 (Mt. Zion Church, Norborne Parish) also^S, for Episcopal 

St. John's Parish, Brooke Couniij — In this Parish there are 
two congregations, one at Wellsburg, the other in the coun- 
try about eight miles distant. The Rev. Mr. Morse, or Ohio, 
has for several years rendered most acceptable and efficient 
services, though necessarily, only occasionally, to both con- 
gregations. Since my resignation of the Parish of Wheeling 
this spring, I have taken charge of that of Wellsbui'g. Mr. 
]Morse now officiates for the country congregation more fre- 
quently. Communicants 45. A Sunday school has just been 
organized. The prospects of the parish generally are en- 
couraging. Four communicants have been added to the num- 
ber at Wheeling this year, making 35 in all. The Rev. Wm. 
Armstrong of Maryland has been invited to the rectorship 
of this Parish. He has accepted it upon the condition of a 
short delay in removing, and will probably soon be here. 

Rev. John Thomas Wheat. 

Mm Creek — The Rev. J. E. Jackson reports: The Church 
continues to be well attended and the congregations ai)pear 

68 The Episcopal Church 

to be more concerned on the subject of religion than at any 
former period. Four added to the communicants. Present 
number 39. 

St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson Coiinti/ — Key. Alex. Jones re- 
ports, that though he perceives many causes for humiliation 
when considering the state of his parish, he nevertheless, is 
also reminded of some for encouragement and thankfulness. 
A goodly number of those who were careless and impenitent, 
especialllv among the young, have recently joined the Com- 
munion. Bible classes and Sunday Schools are attached to 
both the churches forming this parish, iso also are Mission- 
ary and Education societies. Communicants, 115; burials 6. 
Contributions to benevolent objects |158. 

Kanaicha Parish — Rev. Frederick T>. Goodwin reports: This 
Parish previous to October last had been without a minister 
for about six years. In Charlestown we have no house of 
worship, but on my arrival the ^lethodist Church was kindly 
offered for our accommodation. In the country there is a 
small brick edifice, called Bangor Church. When I came to 
this place there were 24 communicants; Present number, 30; 
marriages 2; funerals 3; baptisms, 1 adult and 6 infants. 

Lewishiirg — I have visited Lewisburg, Greenbrier county, 
twice and baptized an adult. There are in this place several 
warm friends of the Church, and a few are anxious to join 
the Communion. 

Convention of 1833. Richmond, Va. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Mr. George Lynn, Jr., Hampshire Parish; Mr. Mann P. Xel- 
son, Christ Church, Berkeley county. 

Reported for contingent fund, Christ Church, Berkeley 
county, $5; and for Episcopal Fund, Christ Church, $5 anki 
Norborne Parish $11.25. 

Mill Creel- — Rev. J. E. Jackson reports: Thfe congregation 
continues very flourishing. The Rector deeply regrets his 
visits to the Parish can only be monthly. 41 communicants, 2 
marriages; 9 baptisms. 

IN West Virginia. 69 

Xorhonw Parish — Tihe Rev. A'N'. P. C. Johnson reports: AVlien 
the present Rector took charge of this Parish in June hxst, it 
was under discouraging circumstances. For sometime pre- 
vious it had been destitute of regular services, and conse- 
quently the usual zeal and interest of Episcopalians in the 
prosperity of the Church had in a measure abated. But with 
gratitude to Almighty God, he is now happy to report a more 
favorable state of things. Since his assumption of the pas- 
toral charge of the Parish, the Lord has been graciously 
pleased to visit it in mercy. At an association held in Sep- 
tember last thirty-three persons were added to the com- 
municants. Many more are still in an inquiring state or mind, 
but owing to the difficulty of procuring regular Communion, 
have been prevented from making public profession of re- 
ligion. We have a flourishing Sunday school and two Bible 
classes. The PMucation and Missionary Societies are in the 
way of receiving liberal encouragement. Communicants 118; 
marriages 10; baptisms 2 adults and 8 infants. 
Convention of 1824. Staunton, Va. 

Bishop Meade presided in Bishop Moore's absence. 

Present from West Virginia: 

Rev. Wm. P. C. Johnson, Norbo)-ne Parish; Mr. Chas. C. 
Pinkney, Wickliffe (and Berry^ille); Mr. Robt. Rose, Kanawha 
Parish; Mr. Joseph Arthur, Christ Church, Berkeley county. 

Reported for contingent fund, Martinsburg and Zion 
Churches, Berkeley county, |14; also Christ Church, Mill 
Creek |5. For Episcopal Fund, Christ Church, Mill Creek, |5. 

Bishop Meade in his address, says: *'0n the 7th of August 
I set out on a tour through the counties of Berkeley and Jef- 
ferson, preaching the first day at Bunker's Hill. On the 8th 
and 9th I officiated in conjunction with the Rev. Mr. Jones, 
of Jefferson, at Hedges Chapel, where I confirmed 20, bap- 
tized 2 infants and administered the Communion. Here as 
usual the congregations were large and attentive, assembling 
at the hour of eleven o'clock, engaging in holy exercises dur- 
ing the customary period, leaving the house of God for a 
short time, then reassembling for the afternoon services, and 

70 The Episcopate Church 

again filling the house at night. A large proportion of the 
evening congregation, I am told, consisted of those who re- 
mained at home during the two first services. This example 
is worthy of imitation. On the 10th we repaired to Martins- 
burg, about seven miles distant, where we met v/ith the Rev. 
Mr. Drane from Hagerstown, Avho preached on the occasion 
of the ordination of Mr. Johnson, who was then clothed with 
the authority of a priest. I preached twice in Martinsburg, 
baptized 2 infants, confirmed 7 and administered the Com- 
munion. From Martinsburg I went to Smithfleld where I 
officiated on the 12th and 13th in connection with Mr. Jones, 
W. M. Jackson and Mr. Johnson. On the evening of the 13th 
and the morning of the 14th I was in Charlestov/n, and on the 
latter day confirmed 9 persons. The 15th, 16th and ITth 
were spent at Harper's Ferry where I was aided in minis- 
terial duties by Wm. M. Jackson. On the morning of the 
18th I proceeded to Shepherdstown, and found the inhabi- 
tants of the place in the utmost consternation by reason of 
the cholera, which had made its appearance a few days be- 
fore, and hurried some of its citizens into eternity. Not 
wishing to be, or seem to be, either rash or cowardly in duty, 
I submitted it to the proper guardians of the health of the 
place, whether I should proceed with the previously appoint- 
ed services. By their advice I omitted all night services, and 
only convened those who were disposed to attend in the 
morning and afternoon on one day, and on the morning of 
the following. One of these services was held by particular 
request, in the Lutheran Church, whose minister was absent. 
Mr. Jones and mj^self endeavored by suitable discourses, to 
improve the afflictive season. 

Mill Creek — Kev. J. E. Jackson reports; the congregation at 
Mill Creek continues very interesting. 42 communicants; 
marriages 1; baptisms 5; deaths 2. 

Norhornc Parish — Rev. W. P. C. Johnson. Communicants 
119; baptisms 4 adults and 33 children; confirmed 32; mar- 
riages 11; funerals 5; contributions to benevolent objects 


Convention of 1835. Lynchburg, Va. 

Bishop Meade presided in Bishop Moore's absence. 

Present from Wesf Virginia- 

Eev. William X. Ward, Clarksburg, Harrison county. 

Keported from Xorborne Parish |8 for the contingent fund; 
|17 for the Bishop's fund. 

Bishop Meade in his addres, says: "On the morning after 
the last Convention I left Staunton on my way to the West, 
and reached Lewisburg on the third day. There I remained 
nearly three days, preached four times and confirmed three 
persons. Our friends in this place are few but zealous, and 
appeared very anxious to have the regular services of the 
church there. It would be very desirable to have a mission- 
ary in that region of country. On leaving Lewisburg I pro- 
ceeded to Kanav.'ha, and reached Charlestown on Tuesday 
morning. I remained here two days, and performed service 
four times, confirmed 1; baptized 7 and administered the 
Communion. On Tuesday morning I left Charlestown for 
Coalsmouth. about 12 miles distant, where we have a small 
church and congregation. There I preached twice, confirmed 
one person, administered the Communion and baptized 7 chil- 
dren. The prospects of the church in Kanawha are bright- 
ening. A zealous and acceptable minister is now laboring 
there. A church will soon be erected in Charlestown, and a 
larger one built at Coalsmouth. It is hoped that ere long 
the services of two ministers may be required. On the even- 
ing of the second day which I spent at Coalsmouth, I descend- 
ed the Kanawha in a steamboat, and ascending the Ohio 
reached Parkersburg on the 29th, and spent three days in 
that place, preached five times, baptized 1 child, confirmed 4 
and administered the Communion. We had no place of pub- 
lic worship in Parkersburg, but I received assurances that 
this deficiency should not long continue. The Eev. Mr, Wheat 
of Marietta, has charge of our little flock in this place, and 
officiates every other Sabbath. I tarried one day with him 
in Marietta, and preached once in that place. 

On Monday night I proceeded to Wheeling, reached there 

72 The Episcopal Chukch 

the following day, and spent the 4th and 5th days of June, in 
religious services. On the 16th I proceeded to Steubenville, 
Ohio, where I spent a day with the Rev. J. Morse, and preach- 
ed once for him. Mr. Morse has for many vears rendered 
very effectual services to two of our congregations in Brooke 
county, the one at Wellsburg, and the other at St. John's. 
He accompanied me to Wellsburg where we spent the Sab- 
bath and each of us preached. We spent Monday and Tues- 
day at St. John's, about seven miles distant, where I preached 
twice, confirmed 7 and administered the Communion. On the 
following day I preached again at Wellsburg and confirmed 7. 

I then returned in company with Mr. Morse to Wheeling, 
where we spent several days in frequent services. During 
my stay in W^heeling I preached or lectured twelve times, ad- 
ministered the Communion, and confirmed 36. I now turned 
my steps homeward and, passing through a part of Pennsyl- 
vania reached Uniontown on the 23rd and from thence v/ent 
to Morgantown, where I preached on the evening of the 24:th, 
and also the next morning. On Thursday I reached Clarks- 
burg, which is in the heart of Western Virginia. There I 
spent three. days, preached five times, baptized 1 adult and 
12 children, confirmed 5, and administered the Ccmmnniion 
The people of Clarksburg and Morgantown expressed a strong 
desire to have a minister sent to them, and T was truly happy 
to be able to gratify their request in a manner well calcu- 
lated to promote the interests of religion and the church 
in that region. The Rev. Mr. Ward, who was ordained in 
Alexandria in July last, went to Clarksburg in the fall, and 
has since been faithfully and acceptably laboring in these 
two places. On Monday following, after the services at 
Clarksburg, I preached a funeral sermon at Mrs. Watson's, 
about thirty miles from Clarksburg, in which place Mr. Ward 
has since establiished regular services." 

Norborne Parish — Rev. W. P. C. Johnson rejK^rts communi- 
cants 115; baptisms, infants 9; marriages 15; funerals 1. 

There have been no material changes in this parish since 
my last .report. The various benevolent institutions con- 

IN West Virginia, 73 

nected with the church, still continue to receiA-e encourage- 
ment. There is a large and interesting congregation of col- 
ored persons, to whom I officiate once a month. 

Kanawha Parish — Rev. John Martin reports: Communi- 
cants, Charlestown, 14;Coal 14; Salines 3; total 31. Funerals 
1; marriages 1; baptisms 7. |i42.00 'have been collected for 
the missionary objects of the Church, and |l,oOO subscribed 
towards the erection of a church, and the hope is indulged 
that the building will be commenced during this summer. 

Harrison and Monongalia Couniies — William Xorvell Ward, 
missionary, reports: Communicants 7; baptisms 1 adult and 
4 infants; marriages 1; funerals 2. A Sunday school at 
Clarksburg promising much good. Number of scholars 60. 

At this convention the amendment to the constitution re- 
quiring lay delegates to be Communicants was adopted. 
Convention of 1836. Fredericksburg, Va. 

Bisihop Moore presided. 

Present from W>st Virginia : 

Rev. Chaplin S. Hedges, Middleway and Harper's Ferry; 
Rev. William M. Jackson, Wlckliffe Parish, Jefferson county; 
Rev. Alexander Jones, St. Andrew's Parish Jefferson county. 

Messrs. Philip R. Thompson, St. Mark's, Kanawha; Daniel 
Morgan, Trinity Church, Shepherdstown; John L. Ransom, 
Zion Church; Edward Colston, Xorborne Parish. 

Bishop Meade, in his address says: "On the 11th October 
(1835) I set out on a visit to the churches in Jefferson and 
Berkeley, On the evening of the 11th I reached Smithfield 
and preached by candlelight and the next day being Sabbath 
I preached twice and administered the Communion. On Mon- 
day the 12th, I preached morning and evening at Martins- 
burg, on Tuesday at Mt. Zion, where I had a full house, ad- 
ministered the Communion and baptized a child. I proceeded 
thence to Shepherdstown where I met the Rev. Mr. Jones 
and the Rev. Mr. Andrews. The latter preached twice and 
myself three times. On Friday I preached in Charlestown, 
and then returned to my former residence in Frederick 

74 The Episcopal Church 

The secretary received the following contributions to the 
contingent fund and for the salary of the Bishop. 

Zion Church, Charlestowu, $10, contingent fund; |5, Bish- 
op's fund; Shepherdstown Church, |10, contingent fund; |5, 
Bishop's fund; WicklifPe Parish, $8, contingent fund; $4.42, 
Bishop's fund; St. Mark's, Kanawha, $3.04, contingent fund, 
$1.96 Bishop's fund. Total, $31.04, contingent fund; $16.38 
Bishop's fund. 

Parochial Eeports: 

Kanawha Parish — John ]\Iartin, Eector. There is nothing 
of special interest to report from this parish. A church is be- 
iing built in Charleston, and will probably be ready for use 
in a few months. Very liberal subscriptions have been ob- 
tained towards this object. The congregation is increasing 
and a few at least, it is hoped are enquiring what they shall 
do to be saved. 

Number of communicants 15. I have preached regularly 
to large congregations in the Salines; number of communi- 
cants 2; removed 1. 

St. l\Ia)Fs Parish, Eanaicha Count)/ — John Martin, Rector. 
My time has been equally divided between this Parish and 
Kanawha. Here is an interesting congregation which is rap- 
idly increasing. The services of another minister are greatly 
needed in order to effect any permanent good. Number of 
communicants 14; baptisms, infants 2; marriages 3; contri- 
butions to the amount of several hundred dollars have been 
made by the members of this parish towards the erection of 
a parsonage and the church in Charleston. Collected for 
other objects near fifty dollars. 

St. Andreiv's Parish, Jefferson Com// ^*/— Alexander Jones Rec- 
tor — Communicants 115; added 4; died 2; baptisms, white 12; 
colored, 8; funerals 13. 

The rector has very little that is pleasing to report con- 
cerning his charge. Religion is respected, and the ordinances 
of grace generally well attended. The accountable, dying 
creatures of God, are however still walking in the error of 
their wavs, and the means of grace have no visible effect. 

IX We»T Vll{C4INIA. 75 

This be iniicli ascribes to his own unfaithfulness, and the 
want of practical, serious, zealous faith among the people of 
(xod. Other clergy in AVest Mrginia besides those mentioned 
above, Rev. William Armstrong, St. Matthew's, Wheeling. 
Convention of 1837. Petersburg, Va., May 17. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Clergy in West Virginia: 

Rev. William Arm'strong, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; Rev. 
Alexander Jones, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson; Rev. John 
Martin, Kanawha Parish, Kanawha county; Rev. Charles C. 
Taliaferro, Xorborne Parish, Berkeley, Martinsburg. 

No clergy or lay delegates from West Virginia, present. 

No visitations reported by the Bishops. 

The committee on parochial reports say that 48 clergy have 
reported, embracing about 70 parishes. Marriages 207; 
funerals 857; baptisms 580; confirmations 147; communicants 
2664, a net gain of 53 for the year. Contributions to the be- 
nevolent operations of the Church 18,438.21. 

Parochial Reports: 

St. Hlotthew-s CJiurch, Wheclinf/ — AMlliamArmstroug, Rector. 
As the Rector of this church has not enjoyed the privilege 
of attending a Convention of this Diocese since his settlement 
in it, and having neglected to make a report of the state of 
his parish, from year to year, as required by the canons, he 
w^ould first state that his labors in this place commenced in 
August, 1832. The condition of the Parish when he entered 
upon his duties was not flourishing. There was no register 
to v.iiicli he could have access, and consequently the number 
of communicants, as well as families, attached to the Church 
had to be ascertained by personal enquiry on the part of the 
rector. The result of his enquiries was that 25 persons con- 
sidered themselves communicants. The number of communi- 
cants which has been added is 72, making the whole number 
entered upon the parish register 97. Of these 6 have died, 
8 have removed; 1 has withdrawn and 1 has been suspended, 
making the present number of communicants 81. Of baptisms 
there have been infants 58, adults 13; total 71; marriages 

76 The Episcopal Church 

63. Number of persons confirmed by the assistant Bishop of 
the Diocese and the Bishop of Ohio 43. The vestry are now 
engaged in the erection of a new church. The corner stone 
of the edifice was laid in May last, and its entire completion 
will be effected some time in August next. This church when 
completed will not be excelled by any in the Diocese. Its 
style of architecture is Grecian Doric. 

Kanaicha Parish — John Martin, Minister. Communicants 
added 5; removed 3. Total 19. Baptisms, 3 adult.?, 5 in- 
fants; marriages 9; funerals 10. 

The Church in Charleston mentioned in last report has been 
finished and occupied since December. The cost of the edifice 
was about |4,000, and |500 are still owing. The Sunday school 
is not very flourishing; it numbers about 30 scholars and 7 
teachers. The attendance on public worship is good, and ap- 
pears to be increasing; great unity and peace prevail among us. 

St. Mark's Parish, Kamiicha County — Johu Martin, Rector. 
Communicants added and removed 2; whole number 12; bap- 
tisms, infants 7; marriages 1; funerals 2. 

Congregations are at present large and attentive. This 
parish is much in need of a separate minister, for whose sup- 
port a comfortable provision is making. Sunday school em- 
braces about 20 scholars and (> teachers; niissionary collection 
about |20. 

Contributions for contingent fund: St. Matthew's. Wheel- 
ing, |20; Mill Creek, (Norborne Parish) Berkeley, |10. 
Convention of 1838. Winchester, Va., May 1 6. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

West Virginia clergy same as last year. Mr. Jones and Mr. 
Taliaferro were present. Laymen, James L. Ransom, Charles- 
town; Francis Silvers, Christ Church, Mill Creek; Edmund I. 
Lee, Jr., Trinity Church, Shepherd stown; Edward Colston, 
Norborue Parish, Berkeley County; George Shar]». Hamp- 
shire County. 

Bishop Meade in his address says: "In the month of Octo- 
ber (1837) I set out on a visit to our few and scattered congre- 
gations in the more western part of Virginia. On Saturday 

IN West Virginia, 77 

and Sunday, the Ttli and 8th, I preached at Romney and ad- 
ministered the Communion. Our dear friends in that county 
would rejoice in the regular services of the Church, of which 
they have for some years been deprived. On Friday, Saturday 
and Sunday, the 13th, 14th and loth, I engaged in performing 
ministerial duties in Clarksburg, beyond the Allegheny Moun- 
tains. There I baptized five children, confirmed four persons 
and administered the Communion. I preached at Springfield 
on Monda}' and confirmed two persons. Reaching Morgan- 
town that evening I preached that night and the following 
day. These three places were for some years supplied by the 
Rev. Mr. Ward, but are now destitute. In passing on to some 
appointments on the Ohio, I spent a day or two at Washing- 
ton and preached in that place. 

On the 27th I officiated in Wellsburg, and was assisted by 
the Rev. Mr. Armstrong, of Wheeling. On Monday and Tues- 
day, we were at St. John's, about eight miles from Wellsburg, 
where the Rev. Mr. Morse, of Steubenville, O., met with us, 
and to whose nursing care this little congregation is much in- 
debted. He presented eight persons for confirmation, and we 
administered the Lord's Supper to a very considerable num- 
ber of communicants. I earnestly wish that some pious man, 
who could live on three hundred dollars a .year, would go and 
labor among this plain but kind people. 

I returned with Mr. Morse to Steubenville, as I always do, 
and tried to make some little return for his kindness to this 
congregation by preaching for him. I next visited Wheeling, 
where I spent four days in a most agreeable, and I hope not 
unprofitable, manner. There was a noble church, costing 
120,000 to be consecrated, and not less than eight of God's 
ministers from Virginia, Pennsylvania and Ohio were con- 
vened. We had services three times each day and endeavored 
to make full trial of our ministry. On Sunday I ordained 
Mr. McMechen, a young man of the Methodist connection and 
ministry, to the office of Deacon, and administered the rite 
of confirmation to twenty-five persons. On the following day 
the pews were offered for sale, and the amount raised was 

78 The Episcopal Church 

more than sufficient to pay the debt contracted; so that the 
attention of the vestry was inmiediately turned to the erec- 
tion of a parsonage. An affectionate relation subsists be- 
tween the minister and his people, and the blessing of the 
Lord is upon them. 

From Wheeling I descended the river and reached Parkers- 
burg on Tuesday. There I remained until Thursday night, 
when I went further down the river. While there 1 preached 
repeatedly, baptized four children and administered the Com- 
munion. I am liapijy to state that the Rev. Mr. McMechen, 
whom I ordained in Wheeling, is now settled at Parkersburg 
and laboring acceptably among our friends in that place. 
With the expected increase of the place, we may hope in time 
for a congregation of good size and a house suitable for God's 
worship in Parkersburg. On Friday I reached Guyandotte, 
where I found my good brother, Mr. Armstrong, of Wheel- 
ing, who had followed me in order to assist in the services 
which awaited me in Kanawha. W^e assembled a number of 
the people of the village that evening and administered the 
word of life to them. 

On the following morning we proceeded to Coalsmouth, 
Kanawha, where I spent Sunday and Monday in religious 
services and where the Communion was administered and 
three persons confirmed. In this neighborhood, where we have 
but a few families as yet, they have nearly completed a par- 
sonage, and expect to build a new and larger church before 
long. The Rev. Mr. Martin has been officiating alternately 
between this place and Charleston. 

On Thursday we passed through Charleston and performed 
divine service at the Salines, some miles up the river. I 
preached in the morning and Mr. Armstrong at night. 

On Friday, the 10th, I consecrated a new and handsome 
Church of the Gothic order in Charleston, built principally 
through the exertions of some zealous ladies in that place. 
Mr. Armstrong and myself performed services three times 
each day for three successive days, and on Sunday I confirm- 
ed thirteen persons. 

IN West Virginia. 79 

Leaving Charlestou on Monday morning I reached Lewis- 
burg on Tuesday, and preached that night and twice the next 
day, confirming one person and administering the Commun- 
ion. In Lewisburg and the country around there are some 
zealous friends of our cliurch, who are very anxious for the 
services of a missionary, who might take an extensive circuit, 
and present the blessed gospel in connection with the in- 
stitutions of the church, in the manner most acceptable to 
them, and I sincerely wish they could be gratified and hope 
it will not be long before the Lord will direct the steps of 
some suitable persons towards that region," 

Contributions to the Contingent fund and to the fund for 
Episcopal services: 

Mill Creek Church, Norborne Parish, contingent fund, |15; 
Zion Church, Charlestown, contingent fund, |lo, Bishop's 
fund, $15; Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, contingent fund, 
$15, Bishop's fund, $15 ; Christ Church, Norborne Parish, con- 
tingent fund, $10; Hampshire Parish, contingent fund, $5; 
St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, contingent fund, |20, Bish- 
op's fund, $10. 

Parochial reports: 

St. Blatthew's Church, Wheeling—WiUium Armstrong, Rector. 
The Rector takes pleasure in stating that the new^ church 
edifice reported to the last Convention as having been com- 
menced, has been entirely completed and consecrated to the 
service and worship of Almighty God. By the blessing of God 
upon prudent, united and persevering efforts, the church here 
is attaining a maturity of strength, w^hich will soon enable 
her to rank with her most favorable sister churches in the 
diocese. Her house of prayer is what the house of God 
should be, splendid without gaudiness, neat, beautiful and 
appropriately furnished. The attendance upon her services 
has increased with her means of accommodation, and a com- 
fortable support is now given to him who ministers at her 

Baptisms, adults 4; infants 20; communicants removed 4, 
died 1; present number 92; deaths G; marriages 11; confirmed 

80 The Episcopal Church 

by the Et. Kev. \'\'m. Meade 25. The Sunday school attached 
to the church, the rector considers in a flourishing condition; 
the number of children in regular attendance is 100; the 
teachers 19 in number, and the superintendent, deserve much 
praise for their zealous and unwearied efforts in the cause 
in which they are engaged. The number of volumes in the 
library is about 400. 

St. Andrew^s Parish, Charlestown and Shepherdstotcii, Jeffer- 
son Counti/ — Alexander Jones, Kector. Communicants added 
8, died 2; total 112; baptisms, infants, white 10, colored 20; 
marriages 15; funerals 13. 

Amount contributed to different institutions of the Church, 
|350. The rector has nothing particularly interesting to 

Kanaiiha Parish, Charleston — J. Martin, Rector. Communi- 
cants added 5; removed 2, died 1; total 21; baptisms, adults, 
1 white, infants, white, 3; confirmations 13; marriages 7; 
funerals 2; number of families 25; amount collected |30. 

In addition to the above I would remark that the congre- 
gation is steadily increasing, a large number of prayer books 
has been circulated, and much attention is paid to the re- 
sponsive part of the church service. The purchase of a bell 
and a vigorous effort on the part of the friends of the church 
10 pay off the remaining debt, have prevented a larger con- 
tribution, than I have mentioned, to benevolent institutions 
connected with the Church. The plan of weekly offerings has 
been commenced and promises to be successful. 

St. 2Ia7-Jc''s Parish, Kanawha County — Communicants added 
3, removed 1, died 2; total 13; baptisms, infants, white 2, col- 
ored 12, total 12; confirmations 3; funerals 2; number of fam- 
ilies about 15 ; amount collected about |15. 

The congregation at this place is large and attentive. With- 
in a few months |1200 have been subscribed towards erecting 
a new Church in a more favora le situation than the one now 
used. The sum of |50 from different individuals has been 
raised for the benefit of the Theological Seminary at Alexan- 

REV. FUANCI8 B. NASH, 1845. 



IN West Virginia. 81 

Xorhorne Parii^h, Hcrkelci/ — Charles C. Taliaferro, Rector. 
Since I submitted my last report to this body, the painful 
separation between me and the people of Cumberland, my 
first charge, and over which I had watched for five years, 
has taken place, and my lot cast in another part of the dio- 
cese. But I think the hand of the Lord ordered my way to 
my present charge in Berkeley County, where in humble re- 
liance on His grace I am laboring, according to the ability 
He hath given, for His glory and the good of souls. The 
church register which I found in the Parish, presented the 
names of 124 persons as communing members of the Church. 
This list was made out in 1832 and added to occasionally af- 
terwards. Of the whole number, 124, only 95 are now proper- 
ly members of the church; 7 were improperly recorded at 
first as communicants in the church; 16 have been lost by re- 
movals; 3 by deaths; 3 stricken from register for evil living, 
and one for joining another denomination; 9 persons have 
been added to the Communion; 4 confirmed; 14 children bap- 
tized; 17 marriages celebrated; 8 funerals, since I regularly 
commenced my labors in the parish, which was last February, 
12 months. 

I have endeavored to use, according to my ability, the com- 
mon means of instructing and blessing the rising generation, 
such as catechizing and bringing them into Sunday schools 
and Bible classes. My time is principaly divided between 
Martinsburg and Hedgesville, and on the afternoon of the 
Sunday in the latter place we preach at Back Creek^ where 
we have a few members, but a very respectable congregation. 
In Martinsburg we preached first in the Presbyterian, then 
in the Lutheran, and at present in the Court House. The 
old Church is out of repair, and so inconveniently situated 
that the vestry have determined upon building a new one in 
the heart of the town. Nearly |2,000 is subscribed and a 
building committee appointed to plan, locate and contract 
for the building of said church. I regret to say that my pros- 
pects for usefulness in Martinsburg are not so bright and 
cheering, as in other parts of my charge. The very large, 

82 The Episcopal Church 

various and devout congregations which we meet in Hedges- 
ville greatly encouraged our hearts. 

The whole amount of contributions, besides those for erect- 
ing a Church, are, for missions, $189; Education Society, |52; 
Colonization Society, about $20; Theological Seminary, |40. 

For the whole diocese of Virginia the committee report 
3,297 communicants, an increase of 633. 

Convention of 1839. Norfolk Borough, May 15. 

Bishop Moore presiding. 

Number of clergy in Virginia, 78, among them. Rev. Alex- 
ander Jones, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson County; Rev. 
John Martin, Kanawha Parish, Kanawha C. H. ; Rev. Charles 
C. Taliaferro, Norborne Parish, Berkeley, Martinsburg; Rev. 
J. Horace Morrison, Trinity Church, Shepherdstown; Rev. 
William Armstrong, St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling. 

Present Rev. Messrs. Jones, Morrison, Armstrong and Tal- 

Bishop Meade, in his address, says: ''From Charlottesville I 
proceeded to the west in order to participate in the consecra- 
tion of our beloved brother, the Rev. Leonidas Polk, to the 
Episcopate. I was detained two days in Staunton through 
some accident to the stage, and preached repeatedly during 
that time. I was sorry to be obliged to pass through Lewis- 
burg, where I had intended to tarry two days. This was oc- 
casioned by the delay in Staunton. I spent the 16th and 17th 
(November 1838) in Charle.ston, Kanawha, preaching four 
times and confirming six persons. On the 18th and 19th I 
v^-as at Coalsmouth, in Kanawha. Friday, Saturday and 
Sunday, 1 spent at Point Pleasant, preaching five times and 
baptizing two children, and administering the Communion. 
The Rev. James Goodwin is officiating in this place and in 
Jackson County, and will, I hope, succeed in establishing the 
Church in that region. (The consecration was December 
10th, after going to Chillicothe with Mr. Peet.) The Bishop 
says: "From thence I proceeded to Wheeling, where I spent 
three days, preaching frequently and confirming sixteen per- 
sons. A severe cold prevented me from preaching in Wells- 

IN West YiimixiA. 83 

burg and at St. Joliu's in Brooke county. 1 am happy to state 
that these are now supplied by the Kev. Mr. Sewell, formerly 
in Prince William." 


Zion Church, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson County, con- 
tingent fund, |15; St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, contin- 
gent fund, |30; Wellsburg, Brooke County, contingent fund, 
|7; Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, contingent fund. flO, 
Bishop's fund, |5. 

Parochial reports: 

St. Mattheic's Church, Wheeling — William Armstrong, Eector. 
Communicants, removed 5, died 3, total 100; baptisms, adults 
4, infants 30; confirmations 16; funerals 11. 

The Eector takes pleasure in stating that the condition of 
his parish is still encouraging. As this parish has never been 
represented by a lay delegation, the hope was indulged that 
on this occasion it would have been fully represented. In this, 
however, he has been disappointed, but hopes that hereafter 
such arrangements will be made by the vestry, as to secure for 
this parish a full representation in the councils of the Church, 

Zion Church, St. Andrew's Parish, Charlestoicn — Alexander 
Jones, Rector. Communicants added 5; died 5; total 62; bap- 
tisms, infants, white 15, colored 10; marriages 20; funerals 13. 
Amount collected for different institutions of the Church |;250. 

The rector has nothing worthy of observation to report. 

St. Mark's Parish, Kanawha County — J. Martin, Eector. Com- 
municants added 1, removed 1, total 12; baptisms, infants 1; 
marriages ] ; amount collected |30. 

There is a good congregation at this place and some devot- 
ed friends of the Church. The entire services of a clergyman 
are very much desired. 

St. John's Church, Kanawha County — Communicants S, total 
31; baptisms, adults 1, infants 10; confirmation 6; marriages 
5; funerals 2; number of families 25: amount collected |T0. 

The prospects of this Church are quite encouraging. The 
congregation is good. Five hundred dollars have been raised 
in the last few months for the purchase of an organ. 

84 The Episcopal Church 

Trinity Church, ^hepherdstotcn — J. Horace Morrison, Minis- 
ter. Communicants, removed 1, present number 37; baptisms, 
infants, white 11, colored 1; marriages 2; funerals 5; amount 
collected for different institutions of the Church, $199. In 
addition to this |34 have been contributed to purchase a 
Sunday school library. The minister took charge of this con- 
gregation last August. Although none have been added to 
his Communion, yet from the apparent interest with which 
the word of God is received, he indulges a hope that his labors 
have not been entirely in vain. He has preached about once 
a month to a large and attentive colored congregation, and 
from the eagerness with which the proclamation of the Gos- 
pel is listened to, he hopes that his endeavors in behalf of this 
portion of our population may be blessed of God. A Sabbath 
school and Bible class have been formed. The former is as 
prosperous as could have been expected at its commencement. 
The latter has not hitherto succeeded as well as the minister 
could have wished. It is proposed to enlarge the church, 
which is at this time small and inconvenient. About |2,000 
are already subscribed, and no doubt is entertained of obtain- 
ing a sufficient sum for the purpose. 

Christ and *S7. Johns Churches, Brooke County — William 
Sewell, Rector. Communicants removed 1; total 40; baptisms 
adults 1, infants 7; marriages 8; funerals 3. The Rector be- 
came connected with this parish in January, 1839. At pres- 
ent it is a missionary station and receives aid from the Do- 
mestic Missionary Society of the diocese. Christ Church is in 
the town of Wellsburg, which contains about three thousand 
inhabitants. The rector preaches twice on Sundays, lectures 
on Wednesday evening, and attends a Bible class on Friday 
night. He has also organized a Sunday school which is in a 
prosperous condition. St. John's is eight miles distant from 
Wellsburg. Here the rector preaches every fortnight. This 
Church was organized about forty years ago by the Rev. Dr. 
Doddridge, but it does not exhibit that flourishing condition 
which might be expected. 

Norhorne Parish, Berkeley County — Charles C. Taliaferro, 

IN West Yiugima. 85 

Rector. The Rector of this parish would state that he con- 
tinued his hibors until they were arrested in October last, 
whilst on a short visit to his friends, bv a severe spell of sick- 
ness, since which time he has not been able to return to his 
field of labor with any hope of rendering effectual service, 
and of course he has had no access to the records of the 
Parish from which to make a correct report; and offers these 
words only as the reason why he does not offer a proper re- 

Convention of 1840. Charlottesville, Va., May 20. 

Bishop Moore presiding. 

Clergy in Virginia 83, of which in AYest Virginia: 

Revs. William Armstrong, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; James 
Craik, Kanawha Parish, Kanawha C. H.; James Goodwin, 
Point Pleasant, Mason County; Alexander Jones, St. An- 
drew's Parish, Charlestown; John Martin, St. Mark's Parish, 
Kanawha; J. H. Morrison, Trinity Church, Shepherdstown. 

Mr. McMechen officiating in Wood county, Parkersburg; 
Charles C. Taliaferro, Norborne Parish, Martinsburg. 

Present Rev. Messrs. Martin and Morrison. 

Lay delegates present: 

William H. Pendleton, Norborne Parish, Martinsburg. 

Bishop Meade, in liis address, says: "On the 7th and 8th 
(December 1839) I officiated in Charlottsville, where I admit- 
ted to the order of Deacons, Mr. James Craik, of Kanawha, 
who has since been actively and acceptably engaged in the 
ministry in that county." 

Contributions to the Episcopal and contingent fund : 

Mt. Zion, Charlestown, |11.G3; Norborne Parish, Berkeley, 
13.50; Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, |18.00. 

From list of vestries who have forwarded their quota in 

Vestry of Zion Church, Charlestown. due |31; paid 
111.63, balance, |19.37; Vestry of Trinity Church, Shepherds- 
town, due 118.50, paid |18.00, balance, 50c; Vestry of Nor- 
borne Parish, Berkeley, due |ol.50, paid |3.50, balance |4S.OO. 

From list of vestries which have forwarded nothing: 

86 The Episcopal Church 

St. Matthew's Parish, Wheeling, due |50.00; Christ and St. 
John's Brooke County, due |20. 

From first annual report of the executive committee of the 
Protestant Episcopal Association for the promotion of Chris- 
tianity in Virginia. They report that they have during the 
past year employed the Rev. Mr. Sewell at Wellsburg, paying 
him |200; the Rev. James B. Goodwin at Point Pleasant, in- 
cluding Gallipolis and Mercer's Bottom, |75; the Rev. John 
Martin at Coalsmouth, Kanawha, $100. 

Parochial Reports: 

St. John^s Church, Kanaivha County — James Craik, Minister. 
Communicants, added 1, removed 4, died 1, total 24; funerals 
1; number of families 27; adults 60, infants 55. 

This Church has l>een engaged during the past year in an 
effort to extricate itself from the debt incurred by the erec- 
tion of its house of worship, the purchase of an organ, pro- 
curing a Sunday school library and other expenses incident to 
the recent establishment of the church at this place. The 
amount of the public collections have been applied to these 
and other domestic purposes. 

The Rev. John Martin resigned the charge of this parish 
in September last. The present minister commenced his 
labors about the last of December following. 

The minister divides his time equally between the Church 
in Charleston and the Kanawha Salines, a village six miles 
above on the river. He performs divine service every Sun- 
day at each place, except when absent at some other mis- 
sionary point. At the church in Salines there are no com- 
municants. Three infants have been baptized and the congre- 
gation is usually large. 

Pt. Pleasant and Mercer s Bottom, Mason County — James B. 
Goodwin, Missionary. Communicants, added 3; removed 2; 
total 3; baptisms, 3 infants; marriages 6. 

There are four or five persons who are expected to join the 
Communion the first convenient opportunity. Two of these 
with their children are candidates for baptism. During the 
first eight months of my labors in this place I devoted one- 

IN West Virginia. 87 

fourth of lUY time to Jackson County. The past ^ear the 
same portion has been bestowed upon Gallipolis. The inter- 
ests of the Church seem to be slowly but surely advancing. 
This is thought to be an important and encouraging field for 
missionary labor. 

St. Mark's Parish, Kanaicha C'o(n/f//— JohnJNIarrin, Minister. 
Communicants, added 2 from other cures, total 14; bap- 
tisms, infants, white, 3; marriages 3; families 9; amount col- 
lected 110.00. 

Since September last this parish has had the undivided la- 
bors of the minister. But little improvement, however, is ap- 
parent in spiritual things. 

The parsonage mentioned some time ago as being begun is 
now nearly completed. The house is well situated and com- 
modious, and has about eight acres of excellent land con- 
nected with it, at a cost of from |1,200 to |1,300. 

The minister of this parish has also occasionally extended 
his labors to other neighborhoods, and recently to Point 
Pleasant and the vicinity on the Ohio river, where the Rev. 
Mr. Goodwin is zealously laboring, and not without consider- 
able promise of success, to establish the church. 

Trinity Churcli, St. An(Ircn'\'^ Parish, Shepherdstoini — J. H. 
Morrison, Rector. Comniiinicants, added 8, (from other par- 
ishes) removed 3, present number 37; baptisms, white, infants 
5; marriages 4; funerals 8; amount collected for different in- 
stitutions of the church |13(). 

Since the last convention the rector has taken charge of 
a parish in the diocese of Maryland, to which he devotes every 
other Sabbath, 

Norhorne Parish, Berkeley County — C. C. Taliaferro. Since 
the Rector of this parish Last reported in 1838, he has lost by- 
death 9 communicants, has added 7, which leaves the present 
number 103; baptisms, adults 2, infants, w^hite 17, colored 1; 
funerals 5; marriages 7. Contributed the last year for benev- 
olent purposes |133.36. We are still making efforts to erect 
a new church in Martinsburg. He connuenced regular ser- 

88 The Episcopal Chukch 

vices in the parish the 1st of last October, having lost through 
sickness and its consequences nearly twelve months. 

Christ Church, Mill Creek — By the consent of the vestry of 
Norborne parish, and by the invitation of the vestry of this 
church, I took charge of it officially last June, but preached 
only once before October. I preach here one t^unday in the 
month by engagement, but have afforded this Church services 
nearly equivalent to two Sundays in the month. I have not 
been able to get a correct list of the communicants of this 
church, there not having been one made out for some years. 
I can only make out 25 communicants, one of which has been 
added this year. The Rector thinks that he sees in the in- 
creased size of his congregation and in the increased zeal of 
its members some token for good. 

Convention of 1841. Alexandria, Va., May 19. 

Bishop Moore presided. 

Clergy in Virginia 89, of which there are in West Virginia 
7, viz: 

Revs. William Armstrong, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; 
xJames Craik, Kanawha Parish, Kanawha C. H.; James 
Goodwin, Point Pleasant, Mason county; xAlexander Jones, 
Charlestown, Jefferson county; xJ. H. Morrison, Trinity 
Church, Shepherdstown ; xJames H. McMechen, Clarksburg, 
Harrison county; Charles C. Taliaferro, Xorborne Parish, 

Those marked thus x present. 

Lay delegates: Chas. H. Lee, Norborne Parish, Berkeley; 
Cassius F. Lee, Trinity Church, Shepherdstown; B. C. Wash- 
ington, Zion Church, St. Andrew's Parish. 

Bishop Meade, in his address, says: ''In vSeptember (1840) I 
visited the churches in Jefferson and Berkeley, spending two 
days in Charlestown, confirming nine persons and exhorting 
the people, not without success to the providing of a com- 
fortable parsonage for tiieir minister. During this visit I 
spent two days in Shepherdstown, where they are about to 
enlarge the church; also one day in Martinsburg, where I laid 
the corner stone of a new Church; and two days at Hedges 
Chapel, where I confirmed twelve persons." 

IN West Virginia. 89 

Domestic Missionary Societ}- paid to Kev. James Goodwin, 
•|125; paid to Rev. James H. McMechen, |100; paid to S. W. 
Orampton, (in Hampshire) |100. 

Treasurer reports: received from Rev. J. H. Morrison, for 
Jefferson county, $18; received from Rev. Mr. Armstrong;, 
Wheeling, |40. 

Contributions to contingent fund: 

Norborne Parish, Berlceley |20.87 

St. Matthew's, Wheeling 30.00 

St. John's, Kanawha 12.50 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown 10.00 

Zion Church, Charlestown 40.50 

Zion Church balance on last year 19.37 

Parochial reports:* 

Clarkshurg — James H. McMechen, Missionary. Communi- 
CiUits 3; marriages 1; collected for church institutions |50. 

The Rector has occasionally visited Morgantown and Smith- 
field in Monongalia, and Weston, in Lewis, finding in each of 
these places one or two members of the church. 

Norhorne Parish, Berkeley — C. C. Taliaferro, Rector. Com 
municants, added 11 (two from other parishes), confirmed 12, 
died 3, removed 1, total 111; funerals 1; baptisms, infants 4; 
marriages 3; contributions to benevolent objects |118.25. 
There has been raised and paid towards the erection of a new 
Episcopal Church in Martinsburg about |1500. I have con- 
tinued within the year past, to divide my time between the 
congregations of Martinsburg, Hedgesville and Bunker Hill, 
statedly, giving three Sundays in the month to the former, 
and one to the latter. During the summer and fall months 
I preached at a place on Back Creek, about 10 miles from 
Martinsburg, and at all these four places last summer and fall 
I performed services once a fortnight, either in the morning, 
afternoon or night. 

Bunker's Hill, Berkeley — C. C. Taliaferro, Rector. Communi- 
cants 26; funerals 2; marriages 2. 

Point Pleasant, Mason County — J. B. Goodwin. Missionary. 

90 The Episcopal Church 

Communicants, added 11, total 14; baptisms, adults 4. in- 
fants, white 5; marriages 7; funerals 4. 

A. parish has been organized in Mercer's Bottom, and |400 
subscribed towards building a church. A beautiful site has 
been selected, and it is expected that the building will be so 
far advanced before winter, that it can be used for preaching. 
Four hundred and thirty dollars have also been subscribed 
for building a church in Gallipolis. We have received an 
excellent Sunday school library of 100 volumes from friends 
belonging to Grace Church, Providence, K. I. 

St. MaWieic's Church, 'WhccVuig — Wm. Armstrong, Rector. 
Baptisms, infants 15; communicants 87; marriages 8; deaths 

St. John's Church, Eonaicha Parish — James Craik, Eector. 
Communicants, added 3, one from another parish, removed 1, 
withdrawn 1, total 25; baptisms, infants 10; funerals 1; fam- 
ilies 27, adults 60, infants 55. Collections for miscellaneous 
purposes, |27.00. Subscription to build a church in the Kan- 
awha Salines, |2,000. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstoicn — J. H. ^Lorrison, Rector. 
Communicants, added 2, from the diocese of Marjiand, died 2, 
total 3G; baptisms, white, infants 3, colored 6; marriages 1 (of 
colored persons); funerals 2. Amount collected for different 
institutions connected with the church, |185. 

The Rector sees little to encourage him in the portion of his 
field of labor belonging to the Virginia diocese. Half of his 
time is still devoted to a parish in the diocese of Maryland. 
His church edifice in Virginia is at present in process of being 
enlarged and in other respects greatly improved, at the 
cost of something upwards of |2,200. Owing to the 
pressing demand for the means of carrying on this work, 
he has not felt himself at liberty, to urge on his congre- 
gation the duty of contributing to other objects. He has 
been prevented by ill health from preaching for more than 
three months past. Agreeably to a resolution of the conven- 
tion, he would assign as the reason for not attending its last 
meeting the insufficiency of his resources. 

IX West Vikginia. 91 

Zion Church, St. Andretc^s Parish, Jefferson — Alexander 
Jones, Eector. Communicants, added 18, removed 1, died 2, 
present number 81; baptisms, white, infants 11, colored 5; 
confirmations 12; marriages 8; funerals 9. Amount expended 
for objects not connected with the parish, |285. The Rector 
reports with unfeigned gratitude, the abounding liberality of 
his people, in kindly and considerately administering to his 
necessities, and also in purchasing for him a neat and commo- 
dious parsonage. They have likewise bought a new and ex- 
cellent organ, the old organ, though a good one, being found 
to be too small, and have also expended much, not only in 
rendering the house of God more comfortable but handsome 
and appropriate for his worship. Amount expended for ob- 
jects connected with the parish, .|2,7()0. He also reports that 
on every other Sunday he preaches in Smithfield in the after- 
noon, where there are a few devout persons zealously attach- 
ed to the church, and where he hopes soon to have a neat 
building erected for the worship of God. 

Convention of 1842. Staunton, Va., May 18. 

Bishop Meade presided. 

Clergy in West Virginia : 

Revs. William Armstrong, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; James 
Craik, Kanawha Parish, Kanawha C. H.; James Goodwin, 
Point Pleasant, Mason county; J. H. Harrison, Wellsburg, 
Brooke County; Alexander Jones, St. Andrew's Parish, 
Charlestown; James H. McMechen, Clarksburg, Harrison 

Present, Rev. Mr. Jones. 

Bishop Meade, in his address, says : ^'Early in April, I set out 
on the journey which has ended at this place. On the first 
Sunday I preached in Zion Church, Hampshire County, where 
only a very few of the small congregation, gathered there 
many years since, now remain. These few seemed glad once 
more to unite in a worship, which is very grateful to their 
hearts. Crossing the mountains I proceeded to Clarksburg, 
where I was pleased to find that the Rev. Mr. McMechen had 
established a female seminary, adapting one department of 

92 The P]piscofal Church 

the building to public worship, where service is performed 
each Sabbath, for those who are partial to our church. I 
baptized one adult and several children, and confirmed three 
while there, besides preaching repeatedly and administering 
the Communion. , Could a missionary of suitable character 
unite his labors with those of Mr. McMechen, who must neces- 
sarily be much occupied with his school, it is believed that a 
door is now opened in that place, and several others in coun- 
ties around, for laying the foundation of Episcopal Churches, 
which might gradually be built up with the general improve- 
ment of the country. A portion of his support will at once 
be contributed by friends in Western ^^irginia. From Clarks- 
burg I went towards Morgantown, stopping a short time at 
the house of Mrs. Watson, about ten miles from Morgantown. 
In this neighborhood are some families which could easily be 
formed into a small church, which might, by God's blessing, 
be enlarged in time to come. I baptized several children and 
confirmed one person in this place. At Morgantown I was un- 
able through indisposition of body to preach as was expected, 
but baptized a number of children, most of them colored ones, 
being the property of a kind Christian master, who feels for 
their souls, as well as provides for their bodies. I should be 
glad to see many others follow his example, and act as spon- 
sors for the little ones born in their houses. My next ser- 
vices were in St. John's Church in the neighborhood of Wells- 
burg, where I preached and confirmed three persons. The 
following day I consecrated a very neat brick church in 
Wellsburg, which was chiefly built by the zeal and liberality 
of one family. I also confirmed eight persons in the same. 

After spending two days in W^ellsburg I went to Wheeling, 
where in conjunction with some brethren from Virginia and 
niiio, five days were spent in continuous religious exercises. 
On the Sabbath fifty-five persons were confirmed, and admit- 
ted immediately after to the Lord's table. 

From Wheeling I proceeded, accompanied by the Rev. Mr. 
Armstrong to Parkersburg. This place has increased of late 
years beyond all others in Western Virginia. Many excellent 

IN West Virginia. 93 

and handsome houses have been built on its beautiful sites, 
and among them two houses of worship. There was, however, 
none to consecrate, according to the forms of our church, as 
I had hoped when I last visited it. There is still, I think, an 
opening here, and in the adjoining count}', for the successful 
operation of a suitable, faithful and zealous minister. 

After spending two days in Parkersburg 1 proceeded to 
Point Pleasant, where the Rev. Mr. Goodwin officiates as mis- 
sionary. Here 1 spent three days in religious services, aided 
by the Rev. Mr. Armstrong, of Wheeling, and Mr. Craik, of 
Kanawha. Eight persons were confirmed on the occasion, 
and some baptisms administered. I had hoped to have been 
called upon to consecrate a new church about twelve miles 
from Point Pleasant, but it was not ready for that ceremony. 

On my w^ay from Point Pleasant to Coalsmouth I stopped 
for a short time at a little village on the Kanawha, where Mr. 
Armstrong preached, and I administered the rite of confirma- 
tion to two persons. After this 1 spent one week with omv 
friends at Coalsmouth, Charleston and the Salines, at the 
lattei' of which places a neat brick church was almost ready 
for consecration. During our exercises twenty-five persons 
w"re confirmed, and a number of adults baptized. 

Thus ended my labors in Western Virginia, concerning 
which portion of the Diocese I would remark that it becomes 
each year a more proper subject for the operation of the Do- 
mestic ]Missionary Society of the church in Virginia. Although 
I dare not promise great immediate results from missionary 
labors judiciously distributed over this mountainous, but 
rich and interesting region, yet it is highly proper that the 
church, in its efforts for its religious improvement, should 
keep pace with that spirit of enterprise which now seems to 
animate the citizen of Western Virginia in other things, and 
which bids fair to render it one day a very important part of 
our Slate and country. Two or three missionaries might now 
be well employed in places which have hitherto received but 
little attention. 

'Havin^^ concluded mv notices of Western Virginia, I feel 

94 The Episcopal Church 

it to ho an act of justice to my brethren, the clergy of that 
portion of the diocese, to notice a circumstance which has ob- 
tained publicity through some of our religious papers, in such 
a way, as to make a false impression as to their participa- 
tion in the same. I allude to the proposition for the formation 
of a new diocese out of parts of Pennsylvania and Virginia, 
and for which it has been stated the clergy of Western Vir- 
ginia are particularly desirous. The fact, as stated to me by 
the worthy brother, who first made the suggestion, is simply 
this: On meeting with a Presbyter of Pennsylvania dur- 
ing the last summer, he mentioned the subject, not having 
consulted with any one of the other four who compose the 
clergy of Western Virginia. The suggestion being well re- 
ceived, a time was proposed for a meeting of the clergy to 
take the matter into consideration; when it was insisted 
upon by the brethren of Virginia that it should be held at a 
time when 1 was expected in Wheeling, so that the consul- 
tation might be in my presence. At a subsequent time, it 
was proposed by the same that the laity should be invited to 
attend. Only two others of the clergy of Western Virginia 
had ever heard of the proposition, until they saw it announc- 
ed in the public papers. All of these are however, now well 
satisfied that any plan v/hich would disjoin Western from 
Eastern Virginia, would be highly injurious to the former. 

My chief reason for adverting to this, is the desire to do 
away with the impression which the publication referred to 
is calculated to make, that on the part of the clergy of West- 
ern Virginia, there was a want of due consideration for the 
Episcopal office, in not conferring with me on the subject. 
Even, if it were wrong to consider such a matter without the 
previous consent of the Bishop, (which I am far from main- 
taining) in this case the worthy brother, who begs to be con- 
sidered alone responsible among the clergj-, of Western Vir- 
ginia, tor what was meditated, resolved that nothing should 
be wanting in the way of due regard to myself and office." 

On February 20, a motion was made looking to a division 
of the Diocese, on account of extent of territorv and the num- 

IN West Virginia. 95 

ber of the churches. After short discussions it was laid on 
the table. The same day Bishop Meade asked for an assist- 
ant, and on Saturday- 21, Dr. John Johns, of Maryland, was 
elected, receiving 43 out of 49 clerical votes, and 25 out of 33 
lay votes. 

Contributions to contingent fund: Clarksburg (by Bishop 
M.) |7; Hampshire (do) |2; Kanawha Parish (do) |27.75; Mor- 
gantown (do) |25; Parkersburg (do) |10; St. Matthew's 
Church, Wheeling, (do) |35; Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, 
|10; Zion Church, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson, $41. 

Parishes delinquent: Bunker Hill, Berkeley, |13; Point 
Pleasant, Mason county, $4.50; Norborne, Berkeley, |55.50; 
St. Matthew's, Wheeling, |8.50; Trinity Church, Shepherds- 
town, |12. 

Missionary Appropriations: Kev. J. B. Goodwin, of Point 
Pleasant, |200; Rev. Joshua H. Harrison, Wellsburg, |200. 

Parochial Reports: 

Clarksh'urg, Harrison County — James H. McMechen, Rector. 
Communicants, 5; baptisms, adults 1, infants 8; confirma- 
tions 8; marriages 3. 

St. Andrew's Parish, Zion Church, Jefferson County — Alex- 
ander Jones, Rector. Communicants added, 3; present num- 
ber, 82; baptisms infants, white 14; colored 10; marriages 5; 
funerals 8. Contributions to benevolent objects, |400. 

8t. Mar¥s Parish, Bangor Church, and Kanawha Parish, St. 
John's Church — J. Craik, Rector. Communicants added 22; 
died, 1; total 59; baptisms adults, white 8; infants, white 14; 
colored 1; confirmations 25; marriages 3; funerals 7; fami- 
lies 46; adults 122; children 135. 

In addition to these two organized parishes, the rector has 
charge of a congregation in the Kanaw^ha Salines, and there- 
fore combines the w^hole in one view\ The building at the Ka- 
nawha Salines, for which in May last |2,000 was reported as 
having been subscribed is nearly completed and will cost 
13,300. A part of the sum not then subscribed has been pro- 
vided, and the effort to complete the building absorbs all our 

96 . The Episcopal Church 

St. John's CJmrch and Christ Church, Wellshurg, Brooke 
County — J. H. Harrison, Rector. 

St. John's Church — Communicants died 1; added 1; total be- 
tween 30 and 40; baptisms, infants 8; adults 1; confirmations 
3; marriages 2; funerals 5. 

Christ Church, Wellshurg — This church was opened for di- 
vine services the 6th June, 1841, and has since been opened 
for worship once in two weeks. Communicants added 4; died 
1; total 20; baptisms, infants 10; adults 3; confirmations 8; 
marriages 2; funerals 2. 

Report of James B. Goodivin, Missionary at Point Pleasant 
and Mercer's Bottom, Mason County — Communicants added 5; 
removed 1; died 1; total 19; baptisms, adults 2; infants 9; 
marriages 4; confirmations 12. Four or five candidates for 
confirmation were unavoidably absent when the rite was ad- 
ministered. One third of my time the past year has been di- 
vided between Gallipolis and Pomeroy, Ohio. 

The church in this place is daily gaining strength, increas- 
ing we think, not only in numbers, but in the spirituality and 
zeal of its members. 

James Chishohn, at Present Officiating in Berkeley County, Ta. 
respectfully reports, that for several months of the past year, 
his ministerial labors were devoted to the colored population 
of three or four contiguous plantations in Albemarle. It was 
my custom to hold two services each Sunday, at difFerent 
preaching stations and to accompany these services by oral 
catechism. I have no occasional oflices to report in connec- 
tion with tins sphere of labor. 

Convention of 1843. Richmond, Va., May 17. 

Bishop Meade presided. 

Present from West Virginia: Rev. Messrs. Armstrong and 

Missionary Appropriations: Rev. Joshua H. Harrison, 
Wellshurg, |200; Rev. A. Wheeler, (Springfield, Jefiferson 
county, Ohio); Jackson county, |150. Rev. J. B. Goodwin, 
Point Pleasant, |100. 




IN West Virginia. 97 

Contributions to Missionary fund: Cash from Mrs. Mary 
Jaclvson, for church in Wellsburg |5. 

Contributions to contingent fund: Kanawha and St. Mark's 
Parish, Kanawha, |47; Trinity Church, Shepherdstiwn, |36; 
St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, |75. 

Parochial Eeports: 

St. John's and St. Lukes Churches, Eanaicha Parish and 
Bangor and St. John's in the VaUeij, St. Marl-'s Parish — James 
Craik Rector. Communicants added, 13; removed 1; died 1; 
withdrawn 1; total 68; baptisms, adults 3; infants, white 27; 
colored 3; total 33; confirmations, none; marriages 2: funer- 
als 4; families, about 50; adults, about 150; infants about 150. 
Amount collected for the different institutions connected with 
the church $25.00. 

We reported something under this head last year but the 
Secretary- or publisher of the Journal has omitted to state it. 
We cannot do much, but do not like to be published as alto- 
gether unmindful of our obligations. ,«; 

A part of the ground included in the above report is mis- 
sionary, and I am happy to say that if the poor had nearly 
failed out of our churches, as was most sadly true, they are 
beginning, in one portion of this field to return. On this ac- 
count I have not attempted at one of these points, to collect 
the conventional fund, or in any way to speak of pecuniary, 

Xorhorne Parish, Berkeley Oot</?i?/— Churches, Mt. Zion, 
Hedgesville and Trinity, Martinsburg, James Chisholm, Rec- 
tor. Communicants added 9; removed 6; died 1; total 94 (of 
which 2 added from other parishes); baptisms, adults, white 
2; infants, 8 white, and 2 colored; confirmations none; mar- 
riages 5; funerals 2. Number of families about 70; adults 
200; infants 150. Amount collected for institutions connect- 
ed with the church |40, for other benevolent purposes |16. 

Remarks — There are in the parish three Church Sunday 
schools, containing together 100 pupils, and served by 20 
teachers. In one of the schools there are classes of young 
colored catechumens who are orally taught. By the aid of a 

98 The Episcopal Church 

devoted Lay Reader, the Rector is able to maintain constant 
service within the parish, ten miles distant from either of 
the two parish Churches. It is expected that the congrega- 
tion at Martinsburg, which has been sometime without a 
stated place of worship, will during the summer enter their 
new church. In Mount Zion Church, divine service is per- 
formed for colored congregations, in the afternoon of every 
communion day. 

Trinity Church, Shephcrdstown — C. W. Andrews, Rector. 
Communicants added 3; died 1; total 36; baptisms, infants, 
1; families 35; parts of families 10; parish library of 100 vol- 
umes. Amount collected since December for different insti- 
tutions connected with the church |225.64. 

The Rector took charge of this parish in November last, and 
thinks it, although small, an interesting and promising field 
of labor. During the past year the congregation have erect- 
ed a new church edifice, which they have furnished with an 
organ, bell and clock, and they are out of debt. 

St. Matthew's Church, Wheeliiig — Wm. Armstrong, Rector. 
Communicants 100; baptisms, adults 5; infants 20; marriages 
8; funerals 8; Sunday school, 100 children, 18 teachers. The 
rector has nothing of special interest to report concerning the 
spiritual condition of his congregation. In common with 
many of the churches throughout the West, our means for 
rendering assistance to the benevolent institutions of the 
church have been seriously affected. The offerings of this 
congregation, however, though less in amount, are now as 
much, if not more in proportion to the means of his people, 
than when times were considered favorable. 

St. John's Brooke County — J. H. Harrison, Rector. Commu- 
nicants added 3; total, 33. Burials, infants 2. 

Christ Church, WellsMrg— 3 . H. Harrison, Rector. Commu- 
nicants 2 added and 2 deceased, total 18; marriages 4; burials 
2 adults; 1 infant; baptisms 1 infant. 

My time has been equally divided during the past year be- 
tween the parish of St. John's, in the center of the county, and 
the parish of Christ Church, Wellsburg, with the exception 

IN West Virginia. 99 

of four Sundays, two of which were spent in the parishes 
in Ohio. 

Convention of I 844. Lynchburg, Va., May 15. 

Bishop Meade presided. 

Dr. S. H. Tucker, lay delegate from St. Andrew's Parish, 
the sole representative from West Virginia. 

Bishop Meade in his address mentions visiting Jefferson 
and Berkeley counties, but does not give details. 

Bishop Johns in his address says: The 16th, 17th and 18th 
of October (1848) were passed, day and night, in the stages be- 
tween Staunton and Charleston, Kanawha. On this journey 
and as far as Point Pleasant, I was accompanied by the Rev. 
Mr. McElroy, to whom, as well as to the Rev. Mr. Craik, I 
was indebted for much important aid. 

October 19. Preached at Charleston. October 20. Conse- 
crated St. Luke's Church, at the Salines and preached. Also 
at night and the next morning, after the Rev. Mr. McElroy. 
October 21. Preached at night at Charleston. October 22. 
Preached and confirmed five persons at Charleston, and again 
at night confirmed two. October 23. Preached at Coals- 
mouth. October 24. Preached at St. John's in the Valley 
and confirmed ten. 

This place is designated by a beautiful name. The congre- 
gation is one of great interest. Though the building, which 
they occupy is of the humblest pretensions, yet it is most 
happily changed from its original use. It is only recently that 
the Church has been introduced into this neighborhood, 
through the voluntary missionary efforts of the Rev. Mr. 
Craik, who has indeed been doing the work of an evangelist 
throughout that region. The building to wMch I have allud- 
ed was once a distillery, and is now commonly called "Still 
House Chapel." Its former apparatus of death has, of course, 
been dislodged, and a floor having been laid, and a rough 
chancel and benches provided, it is converted into a dispensa- 
ry of the waters of life. Here, under a roof by no means im- 
pervious to wind and rain, quite a large congregation of plain 

100 The Episcopal Church 

people assemble to join in the simple, solemn services, and re- 
ceive the evangelical instructions of our venerable Church. 
So recently have most of the persons attending, become pos- 
sessed of a prayer book, that in conducting public worship, 
the Kector still deemed it expedient to aid them, by naming 
as he proceeded, the page of the particular portion about to 
be used. With this assistance, the whole service was en- 
gaged in by old and young with an appearance of devotion and 
fullness of response which I shall long remember. The Rector 
was expecting as his associate here and at Coalsmouth, the 
Rev. Mr. West, an aged servant of Christ, but still animated 
with youthful zeal in his Master's cause. He was then de- 
tained by sickness at Ravenswood. I may mention that it is in 
contemplation to erect a suitable house of worship for the use 
of this congregation, and as their own means are limited, I 
beg leave to commend their case to Christians elsewhere as 
one that has peculiar claims on their liberality. October 25. 
At Buffalo, after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. McElroy,! address- 
ed the congregation, and confirmed two persons. October 26. 
At Point Pleasant addressed the congregation at night, after 
a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Craik. October 27. This was the 
day appointed for consecrating the Church at Mercer's Bot- 
tom, eight miles below Point Pleasant, and near the Ohio 
river. The snow which fell during the night rendered trav- 
eling rather difficult. But accompanied by the Rev. Messrs. 
McElroy, Craik and J. Goodwin, missionary at this station, 
we reached the place in time. The state of the roads and the 
weather prevented many from attending. The building which 
is of brick, neatly finished, and located on a mound in the 
midst of a grove, I consecrated by the name of Bruce Chapel, 
a name selected by the minister and vestry, as an expression 
of gratitude for the liberal assistance received from Mrs. 
and the Misses Bruce, of Halifax, to whose generous contri- 
butions not a few of our feeble congregations are indebted 
for their ability to complete their respective houses of wor- 
ship. In this chapel I preached and confirmed four persons. 
After the services we became the guests of General Steinber- 

IX West Virginia. 101 

gen, and were refreslied by the kind attention of his hospita- 
ble family, with whom we tarried until the next day at noon, 
and then returned to Point Pleasant. October 28. I ad- 
dressed the congregation at Point Pleasant, at night, after 
a sermon by the Eev. Mr. Craik. October 29. I preached at 
Point Pleasant in the morning. In the afternoon addressed 
a meeting, convened by the Rev. Mr. McElroy, the agent of 
the Bible Society of Virginia. And again at night, I address- 
ed the congregation after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Craik. 
October .30. Took a boat for Ravenswood, reached it the 
same night. October .31. Preached at Ravenswood in a pri- 
vate house, and confirmed two persons. 

I here met with the Rev. Mr. West, who on his way to his 
missionary field at Teays "S^alley, had been arrested by a dis- 
ease, which threatened a termination of his labors. For 
several weeks he was detained at Ravenswood, under the 
roof of Mr. Quarrier, who with the several members of his 
family, performed the part of the Good Samaritan towards 
this aged and suffering servant of Christ, ministering to his 
wantsf, and alleviating his affliction with a delicate and un- 
tiring attention, which calls for our grateful acknowledgment. 
In this whole county, there is not, as I was informed, a single 
house for public worship belonging to any denomination. Our 
friends at Ravenswood design attempting the erection of a 
small and unpretending church. I trust they will not be dis- 
couraged, for a knowledge of the necessities of that region, 
must ensure aid from the more favored sections of the Dio- 
cese. November 1. Accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Craik, I 
reached Parkersburg at three o'clock in the morning. It was 
my intention to have spent two days at this place aid then 
pass to Clarksburg and Weston. The arrangement of the 
stages, however, rendered this impracticable, except by in- 
terfering with other appointments; and as the brethren with 
whom I conferred concurred in opinion with the Rev. Mr. T. 
Smith, the missionary at those places, I concluded to relin- 
quish my visit to the interior and give the time to Parkers- 
burg. I am happy to know that my unavoidable failure. 

102 The Episcopal Church 

which I then much regretted, will secure for Clarksburg and 
Weston an earlier visit from Bishop Meade. 

At Parkersburg, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Craik, and the 
Eev. Mr. Smith, we conducted religious services twice a day 
on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd, of November. November 3rd. I 
baptized two infants. November 4th. Before morning ser- 
vice I confirmed in private a sick person. At eleven, I 
preached and confirmed six persons, and united in the admin- 
istration of the Lord's Supper. We have no house of worship 
in this place, but were cheerfully accommodated by our Pres- 
byterian and Methodist brethren. The prospects of our mis- 
sionary here are certainly encouraging; and from the inter- 
est manifested in our services, I shall be disappointed if 
Parkersburg does not soon furnish a congregation respecta- 
ble in numbers, and possess a Church corresponding with 
its local importance. The enterprising missionary, associates 
with his official duties the superintendence of a female acad- 
emy just established, and which, if sustained as it should 
be, must exert an extensive influence for good. November 
4th. At the solicitation of the Rector and certain members 
of the congregation in Marietta, Ohio, I crossed the river and 
preached in their Church at night, hoping that this incon- 
siderable service will be more than repaid to us by my Right 
Rev. Brother of Ohio in his visitations along the border of 
his Diocese. November 5th. Took a boat at Marietta, arid 
reached Wheeling next morning at 6 o'clock. The same day, 
accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Armstrong, I proceeded to 
Wellsburg, Brooke county. November 7th. In the morning 
preached in Wellsburg and confirmed three persons. Preach- 
ed again at night. November 8th. A violent cold, contracted 
by exposure on my ride to Wellsburg, confined me to the 
house, and prevented me from meeting my appointment in 
the vicinity at St. John's. The services, however, were con- 
ducted by the Rev. Mr. Armstrong and the Rev. Mr. Harri- 
son, Rector of the Parish. November 12th. Preached twice in 
St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling and confirmed eighteen. 

IN West Virginia. 103 

The Diocesan Missionain^ Society reports appropriations: 

To the Rev. Mr. Goodwin at Point Pleasant |200, of which 
$50 were for the previous year's services. To the Rev. Thom- 
as Smith at Parkersburg |200, and also |50 for the purpose 
of making a tour of exploration. To the Rev. Mr. Harrison 
at Wellsburg |200; to the Rev. Mr. Wheeler in Jackson coun- 
ty, $150. To the Rev. Mr. West in Kanawha, |150. The com- 
mittee says: The western part of the Diocese, where all our 
missionaries are actively employed, is an exceedingly impor- 
tant part and demands noiv faithful and nurturing care. The 
present time, if embraced, will enable us to plant the Church 
there; which in a little time will not only sustain itself, but 
repay with interest our present fostering care. 

Contributions to Diocesan missions, through Bishop Johns, 
Kanawha county, |24.50; St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, 

Payments to Contingent fund from Diocese 14,310.72, of 
which from West Virginia: Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, 
$40; St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, |75; St. John's and 
St. Mark's Churches, Kanawha, $36; St. Andrew's Parish, 
Zion Church, $86.50. 

Returned as delinquent: Norborne Parish, Berkeley coun- 
ty, $94; Church at Parkersburg, $18; Church at Clarksburg, 
$7; Weston Church, $6. 

Balance due from parishes: Trinity Church, Shepherds- 
town, $19; St. John's and St. Mark's Churches, Kanawha, for 
1843, $12, for 1844, $32. 

Parishes delinquent for 1843: Christ Church, Clarksburg, 
$5; Norborne Parish, Berkeley county, $94; St. John's Church, 
Brooke county, $20. 

Parishes which have made no report to this Convention: 
Christ and St. John's Churches, Brooke county; St. Andrew's 
Parish, Zion Church, Jefferson county. 

Parochial Reports: 

Report of James Craik, Rector of St. John^s and St. Luke's 
Churches, Kanawha Parish, Kanawha County, May 10, 1844 — 
Communicants added 13; removed 10; suspended 1; with- 

104 The Episcopal Church 

drawn 1; total 36; baptisms, white adults 4; infants 11; con- 
firmations 19; marriages 3; funerals 5; number of families 
about 20; individuals connected therewith, about 80. Amount 
collected for the different institutions connected with the 
church |54. 

At the date of the last report St. Mark's Parish (St. Al- 
bans) constituted a part of my charge, and was included in 
the report. That connection continued until last fall, when it 
was dissolved by the hax)py circumstance that the parish was 
enabled to secure the services of the Rev. Mr. West as rector. 

Report of Rev. James Chisholm, Rector of Norhorne Parish, 
Berkeley County, (Churches, lit. Zion, Hedgesville and Trinity, 
Martinshurg) — Communicants added 7; removed 4; died 3; 
suspended 2; total 94; baptisms, adults 3, viz. white 2, colored 
1; infants 25, viz. white 20, colored 5; total 28. Confirmations 
10; marriages 4; funerals 13. Amount collected for the differ- 
ent institutions connected with the church: for the Educa- 
tion society $25; other contributions |57.50; total |82.50. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstouii — C. W. Andrews, Rector. 
Communicants added 27; removed 2; total 59; baptisms, 
adults 3, infants 18; marriages 7; funerals 3; number of fam- 
ilies 42; parts of families 8. Amount collected for different 
institutions connected with the church |350, including im- 
provements upon the church building $550. The memory of 
the past 3'ear will be precious to many connected with this 

Report of Rev. Thomas Sntiih, Parkershnrf/ — Communicants 
added 14; removed 1; died 1; total 18. Baptisms, adults, 
white 3; infants, white 24; confirmations 7; marriages 5; 
funerals 3. 

Clarkshnrfj — Communicants 7; baptisms, infants 7. 

Weston Church — Communicants added 3; total 6. 

My duties at Parkersburg and vicinity are important, en- 
grossing and encouraging. Our church is contracted for, and 
we hope to have it enclosed this summer, and with assistance 
from abroad to have the interior finished. Our Female Sem- 
inary has opened its second term with more encouraging 

IN West Virginia. 105 

prospects than heretofore. It is likely, though now expensive, 
after awhile to be productive. It bids fair to be of command- 
ing influence for the church. This parish was only organized 
17th July, 1843, since which I have baptized 24 infants and 
3 adults; married 5; buried 3. I found 4 communicants and 
have admitted 14; removed 1; death 1; confirmed 7. 
Convention of 1845. Fredericksburg, Va., May 2 I. 

The assistant Bishop presided. 

West Virginia clergy present: 

Eev. C. W. Andrews, Trinity Church, Shepherdstown; Kev. 
W. H. Good, Middleway, Jefferson county; Rev. Alex. Jones, 
D. D., Charlestown, Jefferson county; Rev. Thomas Smith, 
Missionary, Parkersburg, 

Absent — Rev. Wm. Armstrong, St. Matthew's Church, 
Wheeling; Rev. James Chisholm, Xorborne Parish, Hedges- 
ville; Rev. James Goodwin, Missionary, Point Pleasant; Rev. 
P. B. Nash, Coalsmouth, Kanawha; Rev. H. D. Ward, Kan- 
awha Parish, Kanawha. 

Lay Delegates present: 

James L. Ransom, Zion Church, Jefferson; Jacob Mor- 
gan, Trinity, Shepherdstown; Dr. M. P. Nelson, Christ 
Church, Berkeley. 

No visitations reported. 

The Diocesan Missionary Society reports a total appropria- 
tion of 11,837.50, of which, to Rev. W. H. Good, Mill Creek, 
Jefferson county, |275; of which, .f.50 special and |75 on last 
year; to Rev. Thos. Smith, Parkersburg, |215; to Rev. 
James B. Goodwin, Point Pleasant, Mason county, |112.5U; 
to Rev. Joshua H. Harrison, Brooke county, |50; Rev. Mr. 
West, Kanawha, |112.50; Bishop Johns collected this; Bruce 
chapel, 14.00; Church at Point Pleasant, |0.18; Church at 
Parkersburg, .fll.90. 

There was also reported, Bj' cash from Mrs. Ann Hend<'r- 
son, St. Paul's Church, Alexandria, for Church at Parkers- 
burg, |10, and by cash from Trinity Church, Portsmouth, for 
same, .f,5; also, By cash, from two ladies at a distance for mis- 
sions in Western Virginia, |200. Contributions to the con- 

106 The Episcopal Church 

tingent fund, Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, foO.OO; Christ 
Church, Norborne Parish, Berkeley, |20.00; Norborne Par- 
ish, 118.00; St. Andrew's Parish, Zion Church, |101.5O; St. 
Matthew's, Wheeling, |75.00; Kanawha Parish, Kanawha 
county, 123.00. 

Keceived from parishes reported delinquent at the last 
convention: Norborne Parish, $2.00. Delinquencies, 1844: 
Church at Parkersburg, |18; Weston Church, $6; Trinity 
Church, Shepherdstown, |19; Church at Clarksburg, Har- 
rison county |7; Norborne Parish, Berkeley county, |94; St. 
John's and St. Mark's Churches, Kanawha county, $32. 

Delinquencies 1845: Norborne Parish, Berkeley, $67; Trin- 
ity Church, Wood county, $24; Rev. Thos. Smith, Clarks- 
burg, Missionary, $7; Weston, $5; St. Andrew's Parish, Trin- 
ity Church, Shepherdstown, $12. 

Parishes which have made no report to this convention: 
Brooke, St. John's and Christ Churches; St. Mark's and St. 
John's, Kanawha; St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling. 

Parochial Eeports: 

St. Andrew's Parish, Trinity Church, Shepherdstoivn — C. W. 
Andrews, Rector. Communicants 63; baptisms 19; candi- 
dates for confirmation 33; contributions for purposes out of 
the Parish, $425, of which $100 was for the sufferers by fire, 
in St. Andrew's Church, Pittsburg; for purposes within the 
Parish, $300; total, $725. 

Norborne Parish, Berkeley County— -Ghnvches, Mt. Zion^ 
Hedgesville; Trinity, Martinsburg; Calvary, Valley of Back 
Creek — James Chisholm, Rector. Communicants, 85; bap- 
tisms, 15. 

Norborne Parish, Berkelci/ — Wm. H. Good, Rector. Com- 
municants, 13, 1 colored; baptisms 1; contributions to the 
convention on Bishop's fund, $20.00. The Church at Smith- 
field numbers 7 communicants. 

Zion Church, St. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson County— Alex. 
Jones, Rector. Communicants 105; baptisms, white 22; col- 
ored 17. Amount collected for different institutions of the 
church, $326.27. 

IN West Virginia. 107 

Trimtij Parish, Wood County — Thomas Smith, Missionary. 
Communicants 24; baptisms 7. Clarksburg, communicants 
7. Weston, communicants 5. 

Convention of 1846. St. Paul's, Petersburg, May 20. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Two clergy present from West Virginia. New name 
among the clergy, Kev. Templeman Brown, Middleway. 

Lay Delegates present: Step. D. Watkins, St. Andrew's 
Parish, Shepherdstown. 

In his address Bishop Meade says: 

"In September (1845) I set out on a visit to the congrega- 
tions in Western Virginia. 1 was prevented by indisposition 
from reaching Clarksburg, or Weston, in which places there 
are a few families attached to our Church, and where the 
Rev. Mr. Kinsolving has been officiating since September last. 
We met at Morgantown and held two services in that place. 
Thence I proceeded to Wheeling, where I spent several days, 
and where nine persons were confirmed. While there I vis- 
ited -Wellsburg and St. John's in the vicinity; both of which 
places were destitute of a minister. Thence I went to 
Parkersburg where I spent several days, and confirmed nine 
persons; thence to Ravenswood, where one was confirmed; 
thence to Point Pleasant and Mercer's Bottom, at the last of 
which places three were confirmed. Thence to Coalsmouth, 
Charleston and the Salines, all of them in Kanawha county. 
At Charleston six persons were confirmed. 

Bishop Johns, in his address, says: "July 26th. Preached 
at Bunker Hill. July 27th. Preached at Martinsburg and 
confirmed two persons. July 28th. Preached in the Church 
at Hedgesville in the morning, and at night addressed the 
congregation after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Andrews. 
July 29th. Preached in the same church and confirmed six- 
teen persons. I cannot pass from the notice of my visit to 
this chapel, without recording the satisfaction which it af< 
forded me. Everything was plain, simple and solemn, the 
congregations were large and remarkably attentive and seri- 

108 The Episcopal Church 

ous, the entire service of the church was conducted with a 
fullness of response and manifestation of feeling, which 
made it more impressive to my mind than the most imposing 
cathedral service. The addition to the church too, furnished 
good evidence, that the word which had been preached to 
them proved profitable. If any one supposes that the peculiar 
arrangements of our church, are not adapted to all classes of 
society let him visit the church on Hedges mountain, or St. 
John's in Teays Valley, Kanawha, and his error will be cor- 

July 30th. Rode to Shepherdstown and lectured there at 
night. July 31st. Preached in the same church in the morn- 
ing and at. night. August 1st. Preached in the same church 
in the morning and confirmed twenty-three persons. August 
2nd. Preached in the church in Charlestown. August 3rd. 
Preached in the same church in the morning and confirmed 
four persons. In the afternoon addressed the congregation 
after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Andrews. August 4th. On 
this day I had designed to intermit m3^ services, but the in- 
terest manifest in the congregation induced me to open the 
church again and I preached in the evening. August 5th. 
[ preached at Smithfield. 

Diocesan Missionary ComniilicG Reports — Have contributed 
to 20 missionaries. Among them: Rev. W. H. Good, Middle- 
way, 1100; Rev. James Goodwin, Mason county, |93.50, also 
|10 for Prayer Books; Rev. Thos. Smith, Wood county, |200, 
also |20 for Praj-er Books. Rev. O. A. Kinsolving, Harrison 
county, 1100; Rev. R. T. Brown, Jefferson county, |50. 

In whole Diocese, 632 Prayer Books and 44,468 pages of 
tracts distributed. 

Receipts for the year, |2,673.34. Disbursements, |2,2.50.84. 

A glance at the destitution of the Western part of the 
State will show the necessity of exertion. There are 20 
Episcopal clergymen west of the Blue Ridge, of which 13 are 
in the valley, leaving but seven west of the Allegheny, a part 
of the State containing fortv-two counties and 260,000 souls. 

IN West Virginia. 109 

Here is a "tield white already for the harvest", demanding the 
zeal and energy of youthful laborers, together with the ma- 
tured wisdom and prudence of riper years and rich experi- 
ence. The record of the past affords strong encouragement 
for the future. As we look back, we thank God and take 
courage. In 1839 our receipts were but |29.00. During the 
next three years the average number of missionaries was 5. 
In 1843, there were 10. In 1841 and '45, there were each 
year 13; and during the last year 20 have been assisted, and 
the receipts have been |2, 673.34. Yet, how inconsiderable 
are those contributions, will appear from the facts that they 
do not exceed Mtj cents for each communicant in the Dio- 

The great want, however, is not funds, (for the Diocese has 
never refused what was asked) but men, faithful, laborious, 
heavenly minded ambassadors for God. And we cannot but 
believe there is a great want of faithful men, on the part 
of parents as well as of ministers in this matter. Were a more 
careful attention bestowed upon the young, were they trained 
up for God, and consecrated from their infancy to His ser- 
vice, we cannot but think that more would choose the minis- 
try for their profession, and we should see fewer instances of 
misdirected talents, and energies wasted in the trifles and 
follies of the world. 

Contributions from four churches in West Virginia, 
1116.12. Contingent Fund— Five Parishes paid $152. Eight 
Parishes were delinquent |231). Four Churches make no re- 

The Committee on the State of the Church, say that as 
our civil authorities never call upon us to observe a day of 
yearly thanksgiving, there is reason to fear that it is to gen- 
erally neglected by the clergy of the Diocese. 

Parochial Reports: 

Trinity, Martinshiirg ; Mt. Zion, Hedgesville, and Calvary in 
the Back Creek Yalley— James Chisholm, Rector. Communi- 
cants 93; baptisms 23; confirmations 18. Contributions |55. 

110 The Episcopal Chukch 

Clarksburg and Weston — O. A. Kinsolving, Missionary. 
Communicants, 6 and 3 respectively; 2 communicants at Mor- 

Trinity Parish, Wood — Thomas Smith, Rector. Communi- 
cants 32; confirmed 9; baptisms 16. 

The building of the church is progressing; but its erection 
will be according to funds in hand. It is hoped it will be 
ready for consecration at the next Episcopal visit. 

A very flLOurishing congregation has been organized in the 
upper part of the Parish, and another in the lower part, 
awaits the action of the Rector, whose health has forced him 
to delay the necessary proceedings towards a similar result. 
A Parish, it is hoped, and, with western promises of success, 
will soon be organized in Tyler county. The Sunday school 
still exists, though it is not in a flourishing state for the want 
of suitably qualified teachers. 

In Jackson county, adjoining Wood, a Parish called St. 
James, has been organized. 1 has been confirmed ; 7 infants 
baptized; 2 communicants have removed. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown — Charles W. Andrews, Rec- 
tor. Communicants, 61; baptisms, 3; confirmed 23; contribu- 
tions 1366. 

Convention of 1847. Winchester, May 16. 

Bishop Meade presiding. Five clergy from West Virginia 

Lay Delegates: 

Bushrod C. Washington, Zion Church, Charlestown; Rich- 
ard Henry Lee, Trinity Church, Shepherdstown; Edmund P. 
Hunter, Norborne Parish, Berkeley; Wm. G. Morgan, Christ 
Church, Mill Creek, Berkeley. 

In his address. Bishop Meade says : "I visited (November, 
1846) the congregations in Jefferson and Berkeley, beginning 
at Smlthfield, where one was confirmed. Spending a day at 
Leetown; then two at Charlestown, where four white and 
three colored persons were confirmed; then two days at 
Shepherdstown, where two were confirmed; two at Martins- 

IN West Virginia. Ill 

burg, where four were confirmed; two at Hedgesville, con- 
firming one at Back Creek; where a new church was conse- 
crated; one at Bunker Hill, where two were confirmed. 
This was the last of my appointments, and brought me to the 
winter season." 

The Bishop also said: ''In the death of Mr. Thomas Smith, 
of Parkersburg, we have lost a fellow laborer who from his 
first entrance on the ministry, has been spending and being 
spent, in the service of the church. In his disposition and 
manners, he was land and charitable, and thereby as well as 
by his active zeal, secured to himself warm friends in the 
places where he exercised his ministry." 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reported one mission- 
ary in Western Virginia, Eev. R. T. Brown, Jefferson county, 
at |200 per annum. They say: ''In Eastern Virginia, there 
are many sections which require missionary aid; and the 
whole of Western Virginia is almost an uncultivated field. 
In all the region West of the Blue Ridge, containing a popu- 
lation of more than 500,000 souls, our Church has now but 
fiftee'n ministers; of these ten were confined to the valley, 
leaving but five west of the Allegheny mountains." 

To the Diocesan Missionary Fund, two parishes contrib- 
uted 115.88. To the Contingent Fund, six parishes contrib- 
uted 1398.77, of which |11.77 was for arrears. Seven 
Churches delinquent, |192.50. 

Parochial Reports: 

/S7. John's, Kanmcha Court House, and St. Lukes, Salines — 
Henry Dana Ward, Rector, communicants 36; baptisms 25; 
No. of families 20; Sunday School scholars 50; donations to 
Domestic Missions $15; to Foreign Missions |10; Virginia 
Educational Society $27. 

Norborne Parish, Berkeley — James Chisholm, Rector. Com- 
municants 100; baptisms 19; confirmed 5; contributions 
$100. A church consecrated. (See Bishop Meade's address). 

Norhorne Parish, Berkeley, Christ Church, Mill Creek — Rich- 
ard T. Brown, Rector, communicants 18, (2 colored); bap- 
tisms 3; confirmed 2. 

112 The Episcopal Church 

A convenient house with an excellent garden attached to 
it, has been purchased by the people as a parsonage. 

I officiate for the colored people every other afternoon. 

Also in regard to Leetoicn, Jefferson County. This may be 
considered as a new point of labor, no Episcopal minister 
having officiated there since the removal of the Rev. Benja- 
min Allen, deceased. I found a few communicants, who now 
number about 12; there are several families who are pre- 
pared to unite with us, as soon as a congregation is organ- 
ized. A flourishing Sunday school has been organized, num- 
bering about forty scholars. We are pleased to state that 
'the Sunday school of Christ Church, Baltimore, has present- 
ed us with a library. 

8t. Andrew's Parish, Jefferson Count y, Zion Chiireh — Alex- 
ander Jones, Rector. Communicants 91; baptisms 28, (of 
which colored 5j; confirmed 4; contributions 1571.15. 

He has nothing otherwise of special interest to notice, ex- 
cept it be, a liberal and energetic effort on the part of his peo- 
ple, to enlarge and much improve their present church edifice. 
For this enterprise nearly |8,00() are already subscribed. He 
may also mention as a matter worthy of notice, that he has 
regular appointments for the colored population of his par- 
ish, and has always large, attentive, and interesting congre- 
gations of this too much neglected class of our people 

*S7. John's and Christ Churches, Brooke County — James D. 
Goodwin, Rector. Communicants 19; baptisms 1. 

After resigning the parish at Point Pleasant, Mason coun- 
ty, in May last, and supplying five weeks in Parkersburg, in 
the absence of the Rector of that Church, I came to this par- 
ish the 25th of June. One third of my time has been be- 
stowed upon a very thriving congregation in East Liverpool, 
Ohio county, made up, in part, of families residing in the 
extremest and most destitute corner of Brooke county. 

Trinity Church, Hhepherdsloicn — C AY. Andrews, Rector. 
Communicants 00; baptisms 7; confirmed 2; contributions 
13,111.23, of which 1190 was contributed to the relief of Ire- 





IN West Virginia. 113 

laud; |2,800 for tlie purchase of a Rect(>ry. The remainder 
has been given to the Education, Missionary and Bible So- 
cieties, and to the institutions of the Diocese. 

Convention of 1848. Christ Church, Norfolk, May 17. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Present from Western Virginia: Rev. C. W. Andrews, 
Trinity Church, Shepherdstown; Eev. Wm. Armstrong, St. 
Matthew's Church, Wheeling; Rev. R, T. Brown, Norborne 
Parish, Berkeley, Middle way; Rev. James Chisholm, Nor- 
borne Parish, Martinsburg; Rev. Alex. Jones, D, D., St. 
Andrew's Parish, Charlestown; Rev. E. T. Perkins, Mission- 
ary, Parkersburg; Rev. F. M. Whittle, Kanawha Parish. 
Kanawha C. H. 

Absent: Rev. James Goodwin, St. John's and Christ 
Churches, Brooke county; Rev. F. B. Nash, St. Mark's, Coals- 
mouth, Kanav/ha county; Rev. S. D. Tompkins, Missionary, 
Weston; Rev. H. D. W^ard, Kanawha Parish, Kanawha Court 

Lay, Delegates: Edmund P. Hunter, Norborne, Berkeley; 
Andrew P. Woods, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; Tazewell Tay- 
lor, Trinity Church, Shepherdstoiyi^; Edward Colston, Zion 
Church, Jefferson. 

Bishop Johns, in his address, says : "Immediately after the 
adjournment of the convention in Winchester, I returned to 
Richmond to make necessary preparations for visiting the 
churches on the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. 

June 7th. Proceeded by the v/ay of Cumberland and 
Brownsville to Pittsburg and, descending the Ohio reached 
Wellsburg on the evening of the ninth. June 10th. Preached 
in Christ Church, Wellsburg, morning and night, and con- 
firmed three persons. June 11th. Preached in St. John's, 
Brooke county, and confirmed two. The same evening ac- 
companied by the Rev. Mr. Armstrong, I proceeded to Wheel- 
ing. June 12th. Preached in St. MattheAv's, Wheeling. June 
13th. Preached in the same church morning and night and 
confirmed nineteen persons. 

114 The Episcopal Church 

June 14th, The Kev. Mr. Armstrong and myself took a boat 
at 9 p. m., and reached Parkersburg the next morning by 
seven. The church in this place has been vacant for some 
months, but the fruit of the untiring labors of its lamented 
Rector was not lost. I found the appropriate building, for 
the erection of which he exerted himself so zealously, very 
nearly finished ; and a spirit on the part of the people, which 
promised its early completion, as a becoming expression of 
their interest in the good cause to which it is to be dedicated, 
and an affecting monument of their minister, whose mortal 
remains are entombed at its entrance, within its tower. The 
congregation, which he had been instrumental in gathering, 
was neither dispersed nor diminished by his removal. The 
training which they had enjoj-ed, had attached them intelli- 
gently, to the church of their own choice, and they continued 
in the same doctrine and fellowship, worshipping together in 
a room fitted up for the purpose, and availing themselves of 
a Lay Eeader, as provided for by the Canons. June 15th. 
I preached for this congregation. June 16th. Again morning 
and night. June 17th. In the morning I baptized two adults. 
The Rev. Dr. Brooke, of Cincinnati, who kindly joined us 
here, preached and I confirmed nine persons. In the after- 
noon the Rev. Mr. Armstrong baptized twelve infants. The 
same night I preached. For these services the Methodist 
Church was coarteously lent to us. The three days passed 
at Parkersburg deepened my impression of its importance as 
a radiating point for missionary operations, and as an eligi- 
ble location for an institution of learning similar to our High 
School near Alexandria. The two schemes might well be com- 
bined for the present, and if suitable men could be found for 
conducting the enterprise, I have the assurance that other 
means may be commanded. Since my visit the congregation 
has secured the services of the Rev. Mr. Perkins, of the last 
class of our Diocesan Seminary, and I will trust, by the bless- 
ing of God upon his ministrations, the way will be more fully 
prepared for the plan to which I have alluded. 

IN West Virginia. 115 

June IStli. Was occupied in passing to Point Pleasant, 
where we were met by the Rev. Mr. Nash. June 19th. I 
preached at Point Pleasant, and in the afternoon rode to the 
vicinity of the church at Mercer's Bottom. June 20th I 
preached in Bruce Ohapel; returned the same after- 
noon .0 Point Pleasant, and at night baptized two in- 
fants and preached. 

These two missionary stations within 8 miles of each 
other, have for some time been without a minister. The peo- 
ple at both points expressed a solicitude to be supplied. We 
have not been able to gratify their desire. Could a faithful 
laborer be procured for this field, I doubt not he would find 
it susceptible of very encouraging improvement; meanwhile 
we must hope that the occasional services, which the minis- 
ters of Kanawha and Wood counties, may be able to render, 
will at least keep alive the interest, until a suitable mission- 
ary be obtained. June 21st. Accompanied by the Rev. Mr. 
Nash, I rode 21 miles up the East bank of the Kanawha to 
Buffalo, and preached there in the afternoon. Although the 
members of our church here are few, they hope not to be neg- 
lected, and think that in the community around them, there 
exists a favorable feeling in reference to our services, which 
should not be overlooked. 

June 23rd. I preached in Teays Valley, and confirmed three 
persons. The building in which these services were con- 
ducted was once a still house. It is now answering a better 
purpose. The congregation assembled here have become so 
numerous as to be encouraged in undertaking to provide for 
themselves a commodious edifice. The beautiful site selected 
was pointed out to me, and I trust on the next Episcopal 
visitation, a church will be there ready for consecration. 

June 24th. At Coalsmouth, I consecrated St. Mark's church. 
The sentence and service was read by the Rector, the Rev. 
Mr. Nash. I preached and confirmed two persons. The Rev. 
Mr. Armstrong, who, much to my gratification, accompanied 
me from Wheeling, was present, but was prevented by in- 
disposition from taking part in the Offices. 

116 The Episcopai. Church 

St. Mark's Church is of brick, built after a good model, 
and is not only convenient for the services of religion, but 
attractive to the traveller's eye, in passing that portion of the 
rich and beautiful valley of the Kanawha. 

June 25th. I preached in St. John's, Charleston. June 26th. 
I preached in St. Luke's, Salines. June 27th. In the morning, 
I preached in St. John's, Charleston, and confirmed eight; 
at night, I preached again in the same church. 

This congregation and that at the Salines, are now vacant, 
by the resignation of their esteemed rector, the Rev. H. D. 
Ward. The Rev. Mr. Nash, under these circumstances, has 
kindly officiated for them in the services preparatory to con- 
iiruiation, and in this, and other ways, contributed much to 
promote the objects of my visit. These congregations, as 
stated in the official report, have since obtained the services 
of the Rev. Mr. Whittle, of the last class of our Diocesan 
Seminary, and the prospects of the church in that region 
were never more promising. 

June 2Sth. I left Charleston at an early hour, in the stage, 
to cross the mountains to Staunton, the place of my next ap- 
pointment, and after riding with scarcely an interval, until 
9 o'clock of the night of the next day, I reached the White 
Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier county. The services in which 
I had been engaged, the heat of the previous day, and the 
fatigue of the tedious ride, so affected my system, that I 
retired to my room with little hope of being able to reach 
Staunton in time to meet my appointments. The next day 
I was incapable of travelling, but by a second night's rest, 
I became sufficiently recruited to resume my journey. 

August 1st. At the White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier 
county, the Bishop of Tennessee read prayers and I preached 
morning and night. August 8th. At the same place I read 
prayers and the Bishop of Tennessee preached. 

August 15th. In the morning I preached at Union, Monroe 
county, in the Baptist church, which was kindly lent to us. 
At night I preached at the Salt Sulphur Springs. August 

IN West Virginia. 117 

IGtli. At the residence of Mr. Alexander, in Union, I confirm- 
ed one person and baptized an infant. August 22nd. I preach- 
ed at the Sweet Springs." 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reported two mis- 
sionaries. Kev. K. T. J5roM^n, Jefferson county, |187.50, and 
Rev. E. T. Perkins, Parkersburg, |T5. Five churches contrib- 
uted 1130.15. To contingent fund, eleven churches contrib- 
uted 1324.50. Three churches made no report. Three were 

Parochial Reports: 

Christ Church, Norhorne Parish, Berkclcij — Richard T. 
Brown, Rector, and Missionary at Middleway and Leetown. 
Communicants 35; baptisms IS; number of families 22; con- 
tributed to diocesan missions |5; to the Theological Semi- 
nary, 138.33. 

The new church at Leetown is under contract, and will 
be ready for consecration in October. 

Norhorne I'arish, Berkeley — James Chisholm, Rector. Com- 
municants 90; baptisms 25 (of these colored 7). Con- 
tributions to foreign missions |05; Theological Seminary of 
Virginia $165.00. 

St. John's Church, Charleston, and St. Lukes Salines, Ka- 
nawha County — Francis M. Whittle, Rector. Communicants 
44 (of which 1 is colored); baptisms 8; confirmed 8; number 
of families 36; adults 100; infants 50. Contributions 180.59. 

St. Mark's Church, Coalsmouth—F. B. Nash, Rector. Fam- 
•. ilies 14; attendants on public worship 100; communicants 20; 
baptisms, 9; confirmations 2. 

St. John's Church, Teays' Valley— F. B. Nash, Rector. Fami- 
lies 6; attendants at public worship 61; communicants 9; 
baptisms 2; confirmed 3. 

St. Mattheiv's Church, Wheeling— ^ym. Armstrong, Rector. 
Baptisms 19; communicants 125. 

Trinity Parish, Woocl—E. T. Perkins, Rector. Communi 
cants 32; baptisms 21; confirmed 9; number of families 22; 
adults 62; infants 57. Contributions .f30. 

118 The Episcopal Church 

I liave also visited Clarksburg, and found there 6 com- 
municants; baptized 2 infants and collected |2.00 for the 
contingent fund. In visiting Weston, found 6 communicants 
and received |2.00 from Mrs. Tavenner, for the contingent 
fund, one of which pays the back dues of last year. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstoicn — C. W. Andrews, Rector. 
Communicants 61; baptisms 2; number of families 38 contri- 
butions 1300. 

Zion Church, Jefferson — Alex. Jones, Rector. Communi- 
cants 84 (of which 4 colored); baptisms 17; number of fam- 
ilies 80. Amount collected for ditTerent institutions con- 
nected with the church f250; for the Seminary |720, which 
after the pressure of building a new church is relieved, will 
be increased, it is hoped to at least one thousand. 

Trinity Church, Martinsburg, was admitted into union with 
the Convention. 

Convention of 1849. Charlottesville, May 16. 

Bishop Meade presided. 

Four West Virginia clergy present. No lay delegate. 

Bishop Meade in his address says: ''In the month of Sep- 
tember I visited the Western part of Virginia, and on my 
way consecrated the new church at Charlestown, Jefferson 
county, where I confirmed two persons. In the providence 
of God, that excellent structure was soon after consumed 
by fire, though it is gratifying to know that it will be re- 
placed by another. At Wheeling nine persons were con- 
firmed; at Parkersburg and the vicinity, eight. The new 
church at that place was not ready for consecration, but 
the Rev. Mr. Perkins was admitted to Priest's orders. On 
my way to Kanawha, I visited the congregation at Mer- 
cer's Bottom, on the Ohio river, and at Buffalo. In each 
of which, one was confirmed. I spent two days in the con- 
gregations at Coalsmouth and vicinity, and three at Charles- 
ton, and the Salines. At Charleston, six were confirmed, and 
the Rev. Mr. Whittle admitted to Priest's orders. 

Bishop Johns in his address says: "Julv 29th. In the new 

IN West Virginia. 119 

church at Charlestown, though not vet sufficiently finished 
for consecration, I preached and confirmed three. The loss 
experienced by this congregation in the destruction of their 
beautiful building by fire, a short time after its dedication, 
is well known to the Diocese, and must have awakened that 
Christian sympathy which will express itself by liberal aid 
in the effort now making to erect another church. 

July 30th. I preached in Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, 
and confirmed four. July 31st. In the morning I preached in 
Trinity Church, Martinsburg. and also at night, confirming 

August 1st. I preached in Mt. Zion Church, Hedges\dlle. 
August 2nd. In Calvary Church, a very neat log building, at 
Back Creek, I preached and confirmed one, and the same 
evening crossed the North Mountain to the vicinity of my 
next appointment. August 3rd. I preached in the church at 
Bunker Hill and confirmed one. August 4th. I preached at 
Smithfield, thus completing my engagements in that section 
of the Diocese." 

The convention of 1848, had determined to meet in St. 
Matthew's, Wheeling, in 1849, but the place of meeting was 
changed to Charlottesville. On Friday, May 18th, the third 
day of the present session. The Assistant Bishop laid before 
the convention resolutions of the. vestry of St. Matthew's 
Church, Wheeling, expressive of the acquiescence of that 
body in the decision of the Bishop with respect of changing 
the place of meeting of the convention, and of its hope and 
confidence that the next session of the convention may be 
held in that city. 

The Diocesan Missionary Society reports |250 appropria- 
ted to three missionaries in West Virginia, and |30 contrib- 
uted from two churches. To the contingent fund three 
churches paid |18G.OO. Four are reported |194, delinquent. 
Five churches failed to report. 
Parochial Reports: 
St. John's and St. LuWs ChurrlKs. Kamncha Parish, 

120 The Episcopal Church 

Kanawha Comifi/ — F. M, Whittle, Kector. Communicants 41; 
baptisms 18 (of which colored 8 infants,) confirmed 4; num- 
ber of families 3G; adults 100, infants 50; contribution |125. 

In addition to my ministrations in the above churches, the 
Rev. Mr. Nash and myself have held services, the last Sunday 
in every month, in Mason county, in the morning at Bruce 
Chapel, Mercer's Bottom, and in the afternoon at Point 
Pleasant. These places are sadly in need of a missionary. At 
Bruce Chapel there has been 1 infant baptism; 1 confirma- 
tion, and 1 funeral; number of communicants 8. At Point 
Pleasant, communicants 3. 

Norhorne Parish, Mt. Zion and Calvary Churches, Berkeley 
County — James Chisholm, Rector. Communicants 60 ; bap- 
tisms 3; confirmed 1. 

St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling — Wm. Armstrong, Rector. 
Communicants 127 (3 colored); baptisms 18. 

;Si^. Mark's Church, Kanaioha County — ^F. B. Xash, Rector. 
Communicants 20; baptisms 1; confirmed 2; number of fam- 
ilies 17; adults 75. 

St. John's Church, Teays' Valley, Putnam County — F. B. Nash, 
Rector. Communicants 9; families 10. 

At Buffalo and Red House, Putnam county, there are no 
regularly organized churches, but there are communicants 
at the two places, and there 'has been one confirmation. 

Trinity Churcli, Wood County — E. T. Perkins, Rector. Com- 
municants 33; baptisms 8; confirmed 8; families 35; adults 
73, infants 70; contributions |48.00. 

Trinity Church, Martinshurg — James Chisholm Rector. 
Communicants 28; baptisms 6; confirmed 4; contributions 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown — C. W. Andrews, Rector. 
Communicants 60; baptisms 8; contributions |300.00. 

Zion Church, Charlestotcn — Alex. Jones, Rector. Commu- 
nicants 74; baptisms 14; confirmed 3; families 70; contribu- 
tions 1230.00. 

Rev. Samuel D. Tompkins (missionary) Rector of Episco- 

IN West Vikghnia. 121 

pal cougregations in Harrison and Lewis counties, reports: 
I have received by subscription about |900 to build a cbureli 
in the town of Weston. 

Convention of 1850. St. Paul's Church, Alexandria, May 15. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

West Virginia clergy present: Kev. C. W. Andrews, Trin- 
ity Church, Bhepherdstown; Rev. William Armstrong, St. 
Matthew's Church, Wheeling; Rev. R. T. Brown, Kanaw^ha 
Parish, Charleston; Rev. W. L. Hyland, Christ Church, Wells- 
burg; Trinity Parish, Marshall county; Rev. Wm. N. Irish, St. 
Thomas', Frederick county; St. John's, Harpers Ferry, 

West Virginia clergy absent: Rev. James Goodv/in, St. 
John's Church, Wellsburg; Rev. John C. McCabe, St. John's 
Church, Wheeling; Rev. F. B. Xash, St. Mark's, Coalsmouth; 
St. Paul's Parish, Putnam county; Rev. E. T. Perkins, Trinity 
Parish, Parkersburg; Rev. S. D. Tompkins, St. Paul's Church, 

Lay Delegates: Mr. E. P. Hunter, Trinity Church, Mar- 
tinsburg; Mr. Chas. F. Butler, Trinity Church, Shepherds- 
town; Mr. Bushrod C. Washington, Zion Church, Charles- 
town; Mr. Joseph ?I. Russell, St. John's Church. Harper's 

Bishop Meade in his address says: 

''November 5th. I confirmed two persons in Smithfield, 
where efforts are making to build a church. On the following 
day I consecrated at Leetown, a new and handsome church 
by the name of St. Bartholomew's, which was built almost en- 
tirely with funds furnished by the Rev. Dr. Balch, of New 
York, and contributed by himself and other generous friends 
of that place. From thence I proceeded to Shepherdstown, 
where three were confirmed. Thence to Harper's Ferry, 
where seven were confirmed. At that place a church is in 
the process of erection. At Martinsburg one w^as confirmed. 
At Hedges Chapel nine; at Back Creek one; Bunker's Hill, 
one. At this place preparations are making for a new church. 

Churches received into union with the Convention: St. 

122 The Episcopal Church 

John's Church, Harper's Ferry; Trinity Parish, Marshall 
county; St. Paul's Parish, Winfield, Putnam county; St. 
John's Parish, Wheeling. 

The Diocesan Missionary Society reports the following 
missionaries: Rev. R. T. Brown |125; Rev. Jas. D. McCabe 
1150; Rev. E. T. Perkins, |150; Rev. S. D. Tompkins |100; Rev. 
F. B. Nash |100; Rev. W. L. Hyland |100. 
Five churches contributed |54.73. 

Total contingent fund, |4,619.17, of which seven West Vir- 
ginia churches paid |284. Eight churches delinquent |110. 
Three churches made no report. 
Parochial Reports: 

Trinity Church, Martinsbury — James (.'hisholm, Rector. 
Conimunicants 30; baptisms 4; confirmed 1; number of fam- 
ilies 20; adults 60, infants 41; |50 to' foreign missions. Dur- 
ing the last 3'ear a commodious parsonage has been provided 
by tbe exertions of the ladies of the congregation, aided in 
an important degree by the liberality of a gentleman belong- 
ing to Mt. Zion Church. 

Mt. Zion Church, Hedgesville — James Chisholm, Rector. 
Communicants 65; baptisms 10; confirmed 10; number of 
families 35; adults 100; infants 50; contributions .f44. 

Christ Church,, Norhorne Parish, and Leetoicn and Middle- 
way — Richard T. Brown, Rector. Communicants 35; bap- 
tisms 13; confirmed 3; number of families 22; adults 50; in- 
fants 48; contributions |38. 

Christ Church, Parish, Wellshurg — Wm. L. Hyland, Deacon. 
When the undersigned took charge of this Parish in Oc- 
tober, 1849, he found 15 communicants, enrolled on the Reg- 
ister, left by Rev, J. H. Harrison. Present number 14. A 
resident minister is much needed in this parish. 

WicJdiffG Parish — The Rector, the Rev. Joshua Peterkin, 
reports that he extends his labors, whenever practicable, to 
Kabletown in Jefferson county, at which place he has a large 
and attentive congregation, though no church has yet been 
organized there. 

IX West Virginia. 123 

Zioii Chiin-h. St. Aiulrcws Pari.'^h, CAfl>?c.sfo(r»— Rectorship 
vacant. (Rev. D. A. Tyng has accepted a call to this church.) 
Communicants 75; baptisms 21; number of families 80; con- 
tributions .floO. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstoioi — C. W. Andrews, Rector. 
Communicants 60; baptisms 5; confirmed 3; number of 
families 40; contributions about |250. 

aS7. John's Church, Harper's Fcrri/ — Wm. X. Irish, Rector. 
Communicants 12; bajitisms 10; confirmed 7; contributions 
117.03. This parish was organized in March, 1849, and sup- 
plied by the members of the convocation of the ^^alley of Vir- 
ginia, until the first of August last, at which time the pres- 
ent incumbent was called to the Rectorship. The founda- 
tion for a church has been laid, and arrangements are now 
in progress for the early completion of the building. 

We have an interesting Sunday school of about fifty chil- 
dren, who are regularly catechised by the Rector, and under 
the instruction of a Suj)erintendent and several teachers. 

St: Mark's Church, Coalsmouth — F. B. Xash, Rector. Com- 
municants 14; baptisms 2; contributions |7 for the Episcopal 

St. PauVs Church, Weston—^. I). Tompkins, Rector. Com- 
municants 22; baptisms 1; number of families 16; adults 20; 
infants 50. 

I have collected nothing, except about |350, to aid in the 
completion of our church here, and this amount was collected 

I preached in Clarksburg. Harrison county, and in Buck- 
hannon in this county. Our church is finished except plaster- 
ing, pulpit and seats. We hope to have it ready for conse- 
cration during the summer. 

Trinity Parish, Marshall County — Wm. L. Hyland, Deacon. 
This parish was duly organized on Easter Monday, 1850, and 
will apply to be received into union with the Diocese at this 
Convention. There are at present 10 communicants on the 
register; baptisms 2. 

124 The Episcopal Chuhch 

St. PauVs Parish, Winfield, Putnam County — F. B. Xasli, 
Rector. Communicants 11. 

aS7. Johns Church — Communicants 8; baptisms 1. 
St. Matthetv's Church, Wheeling — Wm. Armstrong, Rector. 
Since the last Convention, that portion of St. Matthew's 
Parish, south of Wheeling Creek, has been formed into a sep- 
arate parish, and will ask of this Convention to be so received 
and acknowledged. In this new parish a church building has 
been erected, and the services of an efficient pastor are now 
being enjoyed. In presenting this evidence to the convention, 
of the extension of our Ziou in this portion of the Diocese, 
the rector of St. Matthew's cannot refrain from an expres- 
sion of thankfulness to Almighty God for what has thus been 
accomplished, and invoking His divine blessing upon this in- 
fant parish, and upon him to whose charge it has been com- 

The parish of St. Matthew's has suffered no detriment by 
this arrangement. The seats vacated by individuals residing 
within the limits of the new parish have been occupied by 
others. The rector deems it incumbent upon him to say, that 
the secular affairs of the parish were never in so good a con- 
dition, and that no minister could desire better or more sat- 
isfactory evidence of the confidence and affection of his peo- 
ple, than that of Avhich lie himself has been, and still con- 
tinues to be the recipient. 

Communicants transferred to St. John's, 35; present num- 
ber, white 86, colored 3, total 89; baptisms 15. 

aS7. John's Church, Sonth Wheeling — James D. McCabe, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 33; baptisms 3; number of families 19; 
adults 18; infants 40. Contributions: For Grove Creek Mis- 
sion S35. 

Trinity Parish, Parkersburg — E. T. Perkins, Rector. Com- 
municants 36; baptisnis 4; number of families 34; adults 66; 
infants 63; contributions |51.95. We have just completed a 
handsome church edifice in Parkersburg, and have another 
nearly completed, sixteen miles below this, on the Ohio river, 

IN West Virginia. 125 

where I occasionally preach, and we are commencing a third 
twenty miles above this, where I officiate once a month. 

Convention of 1851. Staunton, May 2 I. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

One hundred and eighteen clergy in Virginia, of which 12 
in West Virginia, of these 5 present and 3 lay delegates. 

New Names: Eev. G. McK. Callaway, Smithfield, Jefferson 
county; Kev. Horace Stringfellow, Jr., ^t. John's Church, 
Harper's Ferry; Kev. D. Francis Sprigg, Martinsburg; Rev. 
]>udley A. Tyng, Zion Church, Charlesto^An. 
Bishop Johns, in his address says: 

"August 41 h. On my way to ^isit several places in the in- 
terior, west of the mountains, I preached, both morning and 
night in Trinity Church, Staunton. 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, T was oc- 
cupied in crossing the mountains to Lewis county. 9th near 
Buckhannon in an old building by the wayside, I preached 
and confirmed two. 10th. At Weston I preached in the morn- 
ing, and at night again addressed the congregation. 11th in 
the same place, I preached; united in the administration of 
the Communion, and confirmed seven. The new church in this 
place, although "not sufficiently advanced for consecration, 
was furnished with temporary seats and accommodated a 
large congregation. Our services in this vicinity are, com- 
paratively, of recent introduction. Judging from what I have 
seen they seem to be favorably received. More has already 
been effected than was anticipated. Our worthy brother, 
who labors there at a distance from all clerical association, 
is entitled to aid in meeting the expenses incurred in erect- 
ing this building. Just at this time a little help will greatly 
lighten his work, and, under God's blessing secure the per- 
manent establishment of the church in one of the most inter- 
esting regions of Western Virginia. 

12th. I rode tv/enty-three miles to Clarksburg, and preach- 
ed in the Methodist Church to a large congregation, 13th. 
This day was occupied in reaching Fairmont, w^here I 
preached at night in the Presbyterian church. In this vicin- 

126 The Episcopal Church 

ity I found several families attached to our church, and very 
solicitous to enjoy its stated services. 

14th. After a rough ride of five and twenty miles, I reached 
Morgantown, where I remained several days, and preached 
on the 16th at night, and on the 18th, both morning and night, 
in the Methodist church, which was kindly loaned us for 
our services. Our members here are not numerous but they 
are firm and faithful, A single man suited to the place, able 
and willing to do diligently the work of an Evangelist, would 
be kindly received and cared for there, and would soon be in 
a suitable church of his own. At present our friends there 
are joint-owners with another denomination of a very good 
brick building, but as our partners had made their appoint- 
ments for the very day on which our services were to take 
place, we, as I have stated, were generously accommodated 
elsewhere. These ecclesiastical firms, wherever tried, have, 
by all parties been found inconvenient and I am gratified to 
know that as soon as our people in Morgantown can secure 
a minister for themselves, a different arrangement will be 

I cannot leave the noble country through which for the 
last fortnight 1 have been itinerating, without claiming for 
it your specinl consideration as a field for missionary opera- 
tions. The unsurpassed grandeur of its mountains, the fer- 
tility of its beautiful vallt^ys, its rich and inexhaustible min- 
eral treasures, its rai)idly increasing and industrious occu- 
pants, indicate infalliblj^, its distinguished destiny. Those 
interual improvements now in progress, connecting it with 
our principle maritime cities, and opening to it an adequate 
market, must vastly augment its productions, and by dis- 
closing its peculiar advantages to the view of enterprising 
/Settlers, cover it with an active and prosperous population. 
These quickening influences are already strongly stirring 
there. They are seen and felt at every turn, even by the 
transient traveller. The accumulating results, like other mod- 
ern developments, will surprise the most sanguine. To the 

IN West Virginia. I'Jl 

operations of such potent agencies we have not been accus- 
tomed. Our stereotyped habits have rendered us slow to 
conceive and court such advancement. But unless the signs 
of the times are strangely deceptive, our day for this progress 
is at hand — what other States have experienced, we are to 
see largely manifested in our Western region — and it is for 
\]s as an important branch of the Christian church, to dis- 
cern the dawn and prepare to do our responsible part in 
the eventful work of the opening day. As that interesting 
portion of this extensive commonwealth wakes into full ac- 
tivity, it is ours to see that due preparation be made to meet 
its spiritual wants. Before it teems with new population, 
our preachers should be there with all the plastic powers of 
revealed truth, and all the appointed appliances of divine 
grace, that the social system, as it organizes there, may take 
ihe form, attain the symmetry, and become instinct with the 
spirit of the Gospel. In aiding the accomplishment of this 
object, we shall best discharge our bounden duty, and most 
happily provide for our peace and prosperity. 

On the adjournment of the General Convention (Cincin- 
nati) I proceeded to visit the churches on the Ohio. The low 
stage of water at the time, deprived us of the usual mode 
of conveyance, and we travelled by land through the interior 
of the State to Wheeling. 

October 20th. In St. John's Church, South Wheeling, after 
a sermon by Bishop Burgess, I confirmed twenty-two, and 
at night, I preached in the same church. 22nd. At Moundsville, 
a missionary station, at which the Rev. Mr. Hyland oflQciates, 
I preached and confirmed eight. 23rd. Accompanied by the 
Rev. J. D. McCabe, I left Wheeling and descended the river 
to a missionary station at Cow Creek. 24th. I preached in a 
small log house on the river bank, and after the services we 
rode twenty six miles to Parkersburg. The constant rain 
during the next day interfered with our proposed services 
at Bellvue, another missionary station under the care of the 
Rev. Mr. Perkins, and where there is a church ready for con- 

128 Thi: Episcopal Chukch 

seeration. 27tli. I consecrated Trinity Chnrcli, Parkersburg. 
The sentence of consecration was read by the Rector, and the 
service by the Rev. J. D. McCabe; sermon by myself. The 
Church commenced by the late Rev. T. Smith, whose tomb is 
in the tower, is an appropriate monument of zeal and faith 
in the good cause, to which, and all he had were so honestly 
devoted. The building is Gothic, and furnished in good taste. 
I trust its completion will give a new impulse to the congre- 
gation and be followed by the adding to the church many 
'such as shall be saved'. On this occasion I confirmed three 

28th and 20th, we were occupied in returning to Wheeling. 
30th. I went to Wellsburg and preached there at night. 31st. 
1 consecrated St. John's Church, Brooke county. The sen- 
tence of consecration and service were read by the Rev. Mr. 
ilyland. Sermon by m^-^self. This neat brick church is a sub- 
stitute for a decayed frame building. The congregation, as 
well as the one at Wellsburg, are at present under the care 
of the Rev. Mr. Hyland, who also officiates at Moundsville, 
below Wheeling. November 1st. I consecrated St. John's 
Church, South Wheeling; the sentence of consecration was 
read by the Rector; morning service by the Rev. Mr. Arm- 
strong; sermon by myself. This church was to have been 
consecrated the week previous, on my first visit, but the 
scaffolding at the entrance for the purpose of finishing the 
tower, could not then be removed, and the service was post- 
poned. The congregation, of St. John's has been collected 
and organized and their church erected, within a few months. 
Appearances indicate that this is only an initiatory move- 
ment and a temporary habitation, for although the building 
just completed is very creditable to the young congregation, 
its rapid growth has already led to the securing of another 
lot, with a view in due time to a larger and more permanent 
edifice. At night in the same church I confirmed eight, one 
of whom was from the missionary station at Cow Creek. 

3rd. In St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, I admitted the 

REV. D. FRANCIS SPRIGG, D. D., 1850.- 


REV. JAMES J. PAGE, 1853. 


IX West Virginia. 129 

Rev. Wm. L. Hyland to Priest's orders. The service was 
read by the Rev. Mr. Tomplvins, the candidate was presented 
by the Rev. J. D. McCabe; sermon by the Rev. Mr. Armstrong. 
At night, in the same church, I preached and confirmed forty- 
eight, one of whom was from St. John's. This large acces- 
sion to St. Matthew's was particularly gratifying to me, as 
an evidence of the continued blessing of God on the services 
of an early and devoted friend, with whom, at the commence- 
ment of our ministry, I had labored, side by side, in adja- 
cent parishes in the Diocese of Maryland, and whom, ou this 
my third visit, I was glad to meet and greet in the midst of 
his unabated usefulness. Moreover, in the encouraging in- 
crease of St. Matthew's, it was highly satisfactory to find 
that its prosperity, instead of being arrested by the seces- 
sion necessary in the formation of a new congregation, is 
still on the advance; that the separation of the promising 
scion 'had but promoted the growth and fertility of the parent 

On application of a number of citizens of New Martinsville, 
Wetzel countj'^, Wetzel Parish was admitted into union with 
the Convention, (bounded by the limits of the county). 

The Diocesan Missionary Society reported 19 missionaries 
on its list at a cost of |2,254.17; of these 5 were in West 

Fourteen churches contributed |420 to contingent fund. 
Twelve churches reported delinquent |163.50. 

Parochial Reports: 

Trinity Church, Martinsburg — Rev. D. Francis Sprigg, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 39; baptisms 9; contributions |S4. 

This report as well as that from Xorborne Parish (Hedges- 
ville) includes the official acts of my esteemed predecessor, 
Rev. James Chisholm. Not only so, but he labored for some 
eight years diligently and faithfully. I have only entered into 
liis labors, and reaped what he had sown. May both of us re- 
joice together. 

130 The Episcopal Church 

tor. Communicants 66; baptisms 18; contributions |68.60. 

Christ Church, Norhorne Parish and Leetown and Middleway, 
Jefferson County — Rev. C. McK. Callaway, Rector. Communi- 
cants 34; baptisms 2; contributions |38.00. 

Christ Church, WeUsbur</--B.eY. Wm. L. Hyland, Rector. 
Communicants 14; baptisms 1; contributions |8.97. 

St. John-s Parish — Rev. AV. L. Hyland, Rector. Communi- 
cants reported by Rev. J. H. Harrison in 1844, 35; present 
number 41; baptisms since 1844, 19; confirmations 7.(1850); 
contributions $7.22^. 

The neat and substantial church edifice (St. John's) recent- 
ly erected in this parish, was consecrated to the worship of 
Almighty God, at the last visitation of Bishop Johns. Oct. 
31st, 1849). (A substitute for a decayed frame building). 

It may be proper to remark, that the undersigned took 
charge of this parish by request of the convocation of North- 
western Virginia, and the vestry of the Parish, until the ser- 
vices of a Rector can be secured for the same, together with 
the Parish of Christ Church, Wellsburg. He earnestly hopes 
that such an arrangement may soon be made, as he feels con- 
fident that in no other way can the cause of Christ and His 
Church be so speedily and thoroughly promoted. 

WicUiffe Parish, Cherry Hill P. 0. — Rev. Joshua Peterkin, 
reports the missionary station at Kabletown, Jefferson coun- 
ty, as regularly supplied, with the assistance of Rev. William 
D. Hanson, on alternate Sundays. 

Zion Church, Charlestown — Rev. Dudley A. Tyng, Rector. 
Communicants 92; baptisms 11; Sunday school teachers 12; 
scholars 87; contributions to Foreign Missions, |82.02; Do- 
mestic missions |27; Education Society |7; Bible Society |3. 

I took charge of this parish in July last. The congregation 
is yet worshipping in the Court House, and burdened with the 
expense of erecting a new church, which will be opened for 
service sometime during the ensuing summer. The benevo- 
lent operations of the year are in the way of a quarterly 
subscription. The first quarter only has been fully paid in. 

IN West Vekuinia. 131 

St. John's Church, Harper's Ferri/ — Rev. Horace Stringfel- 
low, Jr., Rector. Communicants 30; baptisms 9; contribu- 
tions 189.00. Tlie above report embraces only the acts of 
the present minister, who entered upon his duties in Novem- 
ber last. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown-BeY. C. W, Andrews, Rector. 
Communicants 52; baptisms 9; Sunday school teachers 6; 
scholars 46; contributions |300. 

Remark: — Although the above report indicates no improve- 
ment in the parish for the past year, it has in fact (when com- 
pared with others) been a year of most decided improvement, 
as the Rector trusts will appear in the next report. 

St John's Church, Charleston, and St. Luke's, Salines — Rev. R. 
T. Brown, Rector. Communicants 40; baptismis 14. 

St. Mark's Church, Coalsmouth — Rev. F. B. Nash, Rector. 
Communicants 18; baptisms 2; contributions $50. 

St. Paul's Church, ^yeston — Rev. S. D. Tompkins, Rector. 
Communicants 22; baptisms 9; confirmed 7; families 12; 
adults 24; infants 50. 

Trinity Parish, MarshaJl County — Rev. W. L. Hyland, Rec- 
tor. Baptisms 5; communicants 12; confirmed 8; contribu- 
tions 111.46. 

A subscription has been commenced for the purpose of 
erecting a house of worship in this Parish, and hopes are en- 
tertained that the building will be completed during the pres- 
ent season. 

Rev. F. B. Nash, Rector of St. PauVs and St. John's 
Churches, Putnam County, reports: St. John's, communicants 
9. St. Paul's, communicants 7. 

Arrangements are made for erecting a church edifice (St. 
Paul's) during the coming summer. The prospects for the 
oliurch in Putnam county are, it is thought, encouraging. 

I officiate occasionally at Bruce's chapel, and at Pt. Pleas- 
ant, Mason county. There are thirteen communicants of 
the church at these two points. The friends of the church 
at these places, in connection with those at Ravenswood, 

182 The Episcopal Chuuch 

Jackson county, expect to obtain the services of a clergyman 
of their own, during the coming season. The prospects of the 
church in Mason county, appear to me to be much more en- 
couraging at this time than they have been heretofore. At 
Gujandotte, Cabell county, where I have, now, monthly ap- 
pointments, quite a cheering interest in the effort to establish 
the church there is manifested. There are nine commuuieanis 
blonging to the church there. 

St. John's Church, Wheeliuy — Rev. James D. McCabe, Rector. 
Communicants 62; baptisms 50; confirmed 29; families 29; 
adults 72; infants 52; contributions |275. In this amount is 
included sums contributed to building churches in destitute 
places in our own and other Dioceses. 

Trinity Parish, Parkerslmrg — Rev. E. T. Perkins, Rector. 
Communicants 33; baptisms 2; confirmed 4; contributions 

St. Johns Church, Brooke County — Rev. James B. Goodwin, 
Rector. Having finished a neat and comfortable church and 
completed the fourth year of my ministry in this place; and 
having understood that the congregation of Christ Church, 
Wellsburg, wished to re-unite with that of St. John's, I re- 
signed the rectorship of this parish the 30th of last June. 

The past year I have officiated twenty-four weeks in Penn- 
sylvania, fourteen in Ohio, and eight in Virginia. The re- 
maining six weeks were occupied in attending conventions, 
travelling for the benefit of my health, and visiting my 

Convention of 1852. St. Paul's Church, Richmond, May 19. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

West Virginia clergy: Rev, C. W. Andrews, Trinity 
Church, Shepherdstown; Rev. William Armstrong, St. Mat- 
thew's Church, Wheeling; Rev. R. T. Brown, Charleston, 
Kanawha county; xRev. C. McK. Callaway, IMiddleway, xRev. 
William D. Hanson, Kabletown, Jefferson county; xRev. W. 
L. Hyland, Trinity Parish, Marshall county; Rev. James D. 
McCabe, D. D., St. John's, Wheeling; xRev. E. T. Perkins, 

IN West Virginia. 133 

I*iiikersburg; xRev. Horace Stringfellow, Jr., St. John's, 
Harper's Ferry; Kev. D. Francis Sprigg, Martinsburg; Rev. 
S. D. Tompkins, St. Paul's, Weston and St. John's, Brooke 
county; Rev. Dudley A, Tyng, Zion Church, Charlestown. 
(x present). 

Lay delegates: Messrs. James O. Hawlej-, St. Paul's 
Church, Weston; Isaac Hoge, Trinity Church, Moundsville; 
Robert C. Bonham, St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling. 

Bishop Meade, in his address says: "My fall visitation was 
to Western Virginia. The first duties performed were at 
PiUowsville and Evansville, two small villages at the west- 
ern base of the Allegheny mountains. Between these, three 
days was spent in company with the Rev. Mr. Tompkins, of 
Weston. In the former we have six or seven communicants 
who have immigrated to it from the north within the last 
few years. A Sabbath was next spent at Morgantown, where 
we have three or four valuable members, and where one was 
confirmed. This is one of the most growing places in West- 
ern Virginia. 

A day was also spent at Smithtown, where we have a few 
friends, though only one member. 

A day was spent at Fairmont, and two services held ; at the 
last of which four were confirmed. This is one of the most 
growing places in Western Virginia. We have ten or twelve 
members here already, and assurances were given me that 
a church would be built. 

At Clarksburg, which for a time should be connected with 
Fairmont, I held two services, at each of which I addressed 
myself at some length to the friends of the church, urging 
speedy efforts for a house of worship. A handsome sub- 
scription was made on the spot, and assurances given that 
the work should be done. 

Two days were spent at Weston; a church consecrated, and 
four persons confirmed. Two days also were devoted to Par- 
kersburg, where eight were confirmed. 

From Parkersburg I visited Belleville, about fifteen miles 

134 The Episcopal Church 

oft", where I consecrated a small plain church, and confirmed 
two persons. 

From Parkersburg I proceeded to Ravenswood, a small vil- 
lage on the Ohio river, where a neat church has been put up 
at the expense of Mr. Fitzhugh, the owner of the land on 
which the village has been erected. Two days were here 
spent in continued services by myself and Mr. Perkins. 

The next appointments were at Point Pleasant and Mer- 
cer's Bottom, on the Ohio. At the former place one was con- 
firmed. It has been some years since regular services were 
enjoyed at these places. 

I next visited the congregations on the Kanawha river, 
four in number, under the care of the Rev. Mr. Nash, who has 
since left them, spending a day at each, and confirming five 
persons in two of them. 

At Charleston and the Valines, two days were spent; seven 
were confirmed at the former, and nine at the latter. On 
returning I spent another day at Ravenswood, and conse- 
crated the new church; also another day at Parkersburg, be- 
ing the day of Thanksgiving appointed by the church, when 
I supplied the place of the minister by some appropriate re- 
marks. Ascending the Ohio, I came next to Martinsville, a 
new and promising village, where I consecrated a new church 
and confirmed six persons. 

A day was also spent at Grove Creek, still higher up the 
Ohio, where I addressed the friends of the church on the sub- 
ject of building a house of worsihip, and received assurance 
that it should be done. 

My next appointments were at Wellsburg on the Ohio, 
and St. John's in the vicinity. Two days were devoted to 
them. The last appointments were in Wheeling, where thirty 
persons were confirmed, six in the new church of St. John's 
and twenty-four in St. Matthew's. 

Soon after my return home, I was called to consecrate the 
new church at Charlestown, Jeft'erson county, which had 
been rebuilt on the ruins of that which was burned a few 

IN West Virginia. 135 

years since. At that time also I confirmed nine persons. The 
speedy rebuilding of this church after the loss of one which 
had scarcely been consecrated before it was consumed by 
fire, shows what may be done by active zeal in a good cause. 
In the month of April of the present year, I entered again on 
duty, by visiting two congregations in Hampshire county. 
In one of them, that in Komne}-, I confirmed five persons." 

From Bishop Johns' address: "July 29th. I preached at 
Martinsburg and confirmed seven persons. 3Uth and 31st. I 
was prevented by rain from reaching Hedgesville. August 
1st. I preached at Smithfield and laid the corner stone of a 
new church, since completed. 2nd. I preached in the same 
church and admitted the Rev. Horace Stringfellow, Jr., and 
Eev. J. Campbell White to Priest's orders; the morning ser- 
vice was read by the Kev. D. F. Sprigg, the candidates were 
presented by the Rev, C. W. Andrews. 4th. I pieaohod at 
Harper's Ferry and confirmed seventeen persons. 

5th. i preached at Charlestown, and confirmed eleven per- 
sons. 17th. I preached at Hedgesville. ISth. I preached in the 
morning in the same church, and confirmed ten persons. At 
night after the sermon by the Rev. Mr. Sj»rigg, I addressed 
the congregation.'' 

St. John's Parish, Pleasants county, and Ravenswood Par- 
ish, Jackson county, with the limits of the counties as boun- 
dary lines, were admitted into union with the Convention. 

The Diocesan Missionary Society reported $290 paid to 
four missionaries in West Virginia. 

Parochial Reports: 

St. John's and Christ Church Parishes, Brooke County — Rev. 
W. L. Hyland. 40 communicants ; 2 baptisms, and 12 com- 
munica})ts. Resigned April 1, 1852. Succeeded by Rev. S. 
D. Tompkins, who has become the principal of the primary 
school lately established in Wellsburg, under the patronage 
and control of the church. 

WicUiffe Parish — Rev. Joshua Peterkin reports : The Rev. 
W. D. Hanson still continues his useful labors in the lower 

136 The Episcopal Church 

part of this parish, and is also actively engaged in minister- 
ing to the servants, and in missionary effort in a very desti- 
tute part of the Blue Kidge. 

St. Paul's, Romneij; Frankfort Church, Frankfort — 7Aon 
Church, Slanc's Cross Roads; and Bethel Church, Bethel Yah 
ley, Hampshire Parish — Eev. Wm. N. Irish, Rector. Commun- 
icants removed 3; added 1(5 ; total VS; baptisms, infants 1; 
confirmations 5; marriages 2; collection for church objects 

Within the year past the above parish was revived under 
the auspices of the Valley Convocation, and at their sugges- 
tion, the present Rector assumed the charge of the same. 
The field at this time is peculiarly encouraging, and requires 
the undivided oversight of a minister. At the last visita- 
tion of Bishop Meade, five persons were confirmed, and three 
more were unable to receive the rite on account of inclement 
weather, which prevented the Bishop meeting one of his ap- 
pointments in this parish. 

Christ Church, Norhorne Parish, Grace Church, Middleway, 
and kSf. Bartholomew's Church, Leetown — Rev. C. McK, Calla- 
way, Rector — Communicants 41; baptisms 7; Sunday School 
teachers 8; scholars 30; contributions |62.18. 

There are two new churches in the parish ready for con- 

Trinity Church, St. Andrew's Parish — Rev. C. W. Andrews, 
Rector — Communicants 62; baptisms 5; confirmed 5; Sun- 
day school teachers 7; scholars 42; contributions |300. 

St. John's Church, Harper's Ferry — Rev. Horace Stringfel- 
low, Jr., Rector. Communicants 35; baptisms 3; confirmed 
17; Sunday school teachers 12; scholars 62; contributions 

Zion Church, Charlesiown — Rev. Dudley A. Tyng, Rector. 
Communicants 102; baptisms 21; confirmed 17; Sunday school 
teachers 15; scholars 115; contributions |580.28. 

New church consecrated December 6, 1851. The congrega- 
tion has much increased and is prosi)erous in every way. Ar- 

IN West Virginia. 187 

raiigeiiients have been made for secuiiug stated services once 
a fortnight, in that part of the parish which lies across the 
Shenandoah river, upon the slope of the Blue Ridge, by the 
Rev. Mr. Hanson of Kabletown. This will enable the Rector 
to transfer the labors, heretofore expended there, to the col- 
ored population. 

Weston, Clarksburg and Morgantoicn — Samuel 1). Tompkins, 
Missionary. Communicants 45, of which Morgantown 4; 
Fairmont 13; Clarksburg 7; Fellowsville 7; Buckhannon 4; 
Weston 10. Baptisms 15. 

I have resigned the charge of St. Paul's Church, Weston, 
and also of all the missionary points here mentioned. 

Trinity Parish, Marshall Connti/~'Rey. Wm. L. Hyland, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 14; baptisms 2; contributions 1^6.871. 
Postoffice, Grove Creek. 

St. John's Church, Wheeling — James D. McCabe, Rector. 
Communicants G2; baptisms 38; Sunday school teachers 14; 
scholars 65. Contributions |214.38. 

The parish church was greatly injured by the recent heavy 
flood in the Ohio river, which laid a large part of our city 
under water, and destroyed a vast amount of property. 

Through the pious activity of the congregation, the build- 
ing has been repaired at considerable expense. The children 
of the parish are regularly catechised. 

St. PauVs Church, New Martinsville, Wetzel Parish — Comma- 
nicants '^; confirmed 7; number of families 0. The undersign- 
ed is unable to make a regular and formal report from the 
parish, from cause.s beyond his control. Since ttie last con- 
vention, aided by the Rev. Wm. L. Hyland, (who has divided 
the service with him), he has supplied a regular service on 
Tuesday in each week, except during the last three months. 
The church erected during the past year by the efficient aid 
of the contributions from this city, was consecrated in No- 
vember last by the Bishop of the Diocese; at which time 
there were seven persons confirmed. The increase of paro- 
chial duties will, I fear, prevent the same attention to this 

188 The Episcopal Chukch 

promising parish. An active, self denying minister at this- 
and one or two places in the vicinity, would find ample suc- 
cess in building up the church of Christ. The undersigned, 
during the month of March, by invitation, visited the town of 
Fairmont, in Marion county, where he held several public 
services, baptized one adult and one infant, and administered 
the Holy Communion to thirteen devout communicants. 
These Western fields are white to the harvest; but alas! the 
laborers are few. James D. McCabe. 

Rector St. John's Church, Wheeling. 

Trinity Parish, Wood County — Rev. E. T. Perkins, Rector. 
Communicants 36; baptisms 12; confirmed 10; Sunday school 
teachers 7; scholars 40; contributions $105. 

There have been two churches consecrated within the 
sphere of my ministry, since the last convention, and a third 
is nearly ready for consecration. 

Summary for the whole Diocese: Communicants, 5,842; 
baptisms S5S; (of which colored 149); confirmed 440: mar- 
riages 314; funerals 562; contributions to the cause of reli- 
gion and the church |32,980. 

Convention of 1853. St. Matthew's, Wheeling, May 18. 

The first convention held west of the Allegheny Mount- 

Bishop Johns presided. Bishop Meade absent, first time in 
the twenty-four years of his Episcopate (from sickness). 

Two new names among the West Virginia clergy: Rev. 
James J. Page, Weston; Rev. John H. Kepler, Shepherds- 
town. Seven clergy from West Virginia, present. 

Lay delegates: David Holmes Conrad, Trinitj^ Martins- 
burg; Henry Tallant, St. John's Church, Wheeling; Andrew 
P. Woods, St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling; William Pendle- 
ton, Norborne Parish, Berkeley county; Geo. W. Veasey, St. 
John's Church, Brooke county; Thomas Kirk, Christ Church, 
Parish, Brooke county; Burdett Fitzhugh, Ravenswood Par- 
ish, Jackson county; Isaac Hoge, Trinity Parish, Marshall 
county; Francis Thompson, St. Mark's Parish, Kanawha; 

IN West Virginia. 189 

'Samuel Hommett, St. Jolin'S Parish, Pleasants county; Rob- 
ert J. McCandlish, St. Paul's Church, Weston. 

From iiishop Meade's address: ''In the month of August, 
I admitted the Rev. Mr. Hanson to Priest's orders. In the 
month of November visited the Churches in Jefferson and 
Berkeley. Spent two days at Harper's Ferry, confirmed four ; 
the church being in part unpaid for, could not be consecrated; 
it is hoped the difficulty will soon be removed. Spent one 
day at Shepherdstown, confirmed eight; one day at Mar- 
tinsburg, confirmed five; one day at Hedgesville, confirmed 
three; one day at Back Creek; two days at Bunker Hill, con- 
secrated a new church, confirmed ten; one day at Leetown, 
in Jefferson county; two days at Smithfield, consecrated a 
nev/ churcih and confirmed five persons. 

From Bishop Johns' address: "April 24th. In the morning 
I preached in Clarksburg, and confirmed four. At night I 
preached in the same place. Having as yet no church build- 
ing in this village, we were kindly accommodated by our 
Presbyterian friends. 25th. I rode to Weston, and arrived in 
time for night service. I preached and confirmed eight. 2Tth. 
I preached at Fairmont in the Methodist Church. The 
last three places together with Buckhannon and Morgantown 
distant from each other about seventy miles, are now re- 
ceiving the services of the Rev. Mr. Page, and the Rev. R. 
Castleman, who are sustained in part by the Diocesan Mis- 
sionary Society, and officiate alternately at each of the sta- 
tions named. 

At Weston, a church was consecrated some few 3'ears 
since. At Clarksburg means for erecting one have been pro- 
vided; and our friends at Fairmont are not without hopes 
of procuring a building of their own. Certainly the pros- 
pects, in this extensive missionary range are brightening, and 
I trust that the brethren who occupy this interesting field, 
will continue to receive the blessing of the Lord on their la- 
bors, and be privileged, in due time to report the establish- 
ment of several prosperous, and self-sustaining congregations. 

HI) The Episcopal Church 

2Sth. I Travelled seventy miles on the railroad to Mounds- 
ville, preached at night in the Presbyterian church and con- 
firmed three. The Kev. Mr. Hyland, who is also aided by the 
Diocesan Missionary Society, is preparing to erect a church 
at this place. Part of his time is given to New Martinsville, 
where he alternates with the Rev. James D. McCabe. 29th. 
Accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Hyland, I passed down the Ohio 
to Pleasants county, and the next morning consecrated St. 
John's Church, preached and confirmed two. The sentence 
of consecration was read by the Rector; morning service by 
the Rev. Mr. Hyland. May 1st. In the morning I preached in 
Trinity, Parkersburg, and united in the administration of 
the Lord's Supper. At nigOit, after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. 
Hyland, I addressed the congregation, and confirmed six. 
2nd. Was appropriated to Belleville, but the rector, for suf- 
ficient reasons, had changed the appointment, and at night, 
I again preached in Trinity Church, Parkersburg. 3rd. At 
night, after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Perkins, who occasion- 
ally officiates there, I addressed the congregation. 

4th. At the same place, I preached and assisted in the ad- 
ministration of the Lord's Supper. At night I again ad- 
dressed the congregation. .5th. At night I preached at Point 
Pleasant in the Presbyterian church, and confirmed one. 6th. 
Accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Perkins, I rode twenty-one 
miles to Buffalo, where I found a congregation assembled in 
the Methodist church, and the Rev. Mr. Brown conducting 
the morning service. I preached there, and in the afternoon 
rode twelve miles further, and at night crossed the Kanawha, 
and preached in the Court House at Winfield, the county 
town of Putnam. 8th. I preached in the morning in St. John's, 
Charleston, and confirmed two. At night after a sermon by 
the Rev. Mr. Perkins, I addressed the congregation. 0th. I 
preached at the Salines, in St. Luke's Church, and confirmed 
one. At night I again addressed the congregation at St. 
John's, Charleston, and confirmed two. 10th. Accompanied 
by the Rev. Mr. Brown, I rode to Coalsmouth and preached. 

IN West ViRGiMA. 141 

My next appointment was at Teajs Valley, but it was found 
unnecessary to fulfill it. The interesting congregation 
which I once met there having for some time been as sheep 
without a shepherd, had been so scattered, that then, there 
was no one to receive and circulate the notice which I had 
published. I was therefore, constrained to forego the ser- 
vice I had anticipated, and make my way to meet my next 
engagement which was in Wheeling. To be deeply impress- 
ed with the importance of zealously and liberally sustain- 
ing our Diocesan Missionary Society, and of frequent, fervent 
prayer, that the Lord of the Harvest would send forth more 
laborers, one need only travel the line along which I have 
thus passed, notice the lamentable destitution which prevails, 
and listen to the importunate entreaties of the many deprived 
of the ministrations of the Word, that w^e would send some to 
break to them and to their children the bread of life. The 
spectacle must affect the hearts and command the means of 
our more- favored people, and must, one would think, lead 
many of tlie pious youth, who are aspiring to other profes- 
sions already crowded to suffocation, to consider the call and 
the claims of the ministry, and to utter from their hearts the 
self dedicatory prayer 'Lord, here am I; send me.' 

From May 10th, until the morning of the 12th, I was occu- 
pied in passing from Coalsmouth to Wheeling, where I 
preached in St. John's Church, on the evening of the 13th. 
15th. In the morning I preached in St. Matthew's Church, 
Wheeling, and confirmed seven. 16. At Wellsburg, I visited 
and addressed the pupils at Meade Institute. At night I 
preached in Christ Church and confirmed eleven. 17th I 
preached in St. John's, Brooke county, and confirmed seven. 

Meade Institute, to which I have alluded, is incorporated, 
and under the direction of a board of trustees favorable to 
its being conducted on proper principles. They have received 
by deed from the trustees of Wellsburg Academy, two town 
lots, on one of which stands a commanding two story brick 
building, erected for a school house. In addition to this, more 

]42 The Episcopal Chukch 

than fifty acres of land, embracing several of the beautiful 
hills adjoining the town, have been conveyed to the board. 
On this tract there is a dwelling, occupied by the Rev. Mr. 
Tompkins, principal of the preparatory department, who in 
addition to his parish duties, is engaged in instructing twenty 
five pupils. On a most eligible and commanding site, near 
the dwelling of the principal, it is proposed to erect addi- 
tional buildings, for the accommodation of boarders and 
more advanced scholars. The Institution has commenced 
under hopeful circumstances, and, if managed with the wis- 
dom and prudenc-e, so indispensable to success in such enter- 
prises, I trust it will be extensively felt for good through this 
western section of our Diocese, and receive a patronage pro- 
portioned to its value. 

The Diocesan Missionary Society reports three mission- 
aries in West Virginia. Total receipts |2,487.50, of which 
seven West Virginia churches paid |60.00. 

Contingent fund, total receipts $4,296.40, of which fifteen 
West Virginia churches paid |482.00. Eight churches in 
West Virginia reported delinquent. 
Parishes and Churches in Western Virginia: 
Berkeley count}- — Xorborne Parish, Mt. Zion Church, 
Hedgesville, Rev. D. F. Sprigg. 

Berkeley county — Norborne Parish, Trinity Church, Mar- 
tiusburg. Rev. D. F. Sprigg. 

Berkeley county — Norborne Parish, Calvary Church, Back 
Creek, Rev. D. F. Sprigg. 

Berkeley county — Norborne Parish, Christ Church, Bun- 
ker Hill, Rev. C. M. Callaway. 

Brooke county — Christ Church Parish, Christ Church, 
Rev. S. D. Tompkins. 

Brooke county — St. John's Parish, St. John's Church, Rev. 
!^. D. Tompkins. 

Hampshire county — Hampshire Parish, St. Paul's Church, 
Frankfort Church, and Zion Church, vacant. 

Harrison county — Bethel Parish, Christ Church, Rev. R. 
A. Castleman. 

IN West Virginia. 143 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, Zion Church, 
Charlestown, Rev. C. E. Ambler. 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, Trinity Churcli, 
Shepherdstown, Rev. C. W. Andrews. 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, St. John's Churcli, 
Harper's Ferry, Rev. J. H. Kepler. 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, St. Bartholomew's 
Church, Leetown, Rev. C. M. Callaway. 

Kanawha county — Kanawha Parish, St. John's Church, 
Charleston, Rev. R. T. Brown. 

Kanawha county — Kanawha Parish, St. Luke's Church, 
Salines, Rev. R. T. Brown. 

Kanawha county — Kanawha Parish, St. Mark's Church, 
Coalsmouth, vacant. 

Lewis county — St. Paul's Church, Weston, Rev. J. J. Page. 

Marshall county — Trinity Parish, Rev. W. L. Hyland. 

Mason county — Bruce Chapel, vacant. 

Mason county — Point Pleasant, vacant. 

Ohio county — Wheeling Parish, St. Matthew's Church, Rev. 
Wm. Armstrong. 

Ohio county — St. John's Parish, St. John's Church, Rev. 
J. D. McCabe, D. D. 

Putnam county — St. Paul's Parish, Winfield Church, va- 

Putnam county — St. Paul's Parish, St. John's Church, va- 

Putnam county— St. Paul's Parish, Teays Valley Church, 

Pleasants county — St. John's Parish, St. John's Church, 
Rev. E. T. Perkins. 

W^ood county — Trinity Parish, Parkersburg Church, Rev. 
E. T. Perkins. 

Wetzel county — Wetzel Parish, St. Paul's Church, Rev. J. 
D. McCabe, D. D. 

(From, this list the church at Belleville is omitted by mis- 
take. It was in Wood county, but no name given, nor is men- 
tion made of the church at Middleway). 

144: The Eimscopal CHriaii 

I'aiocliial Reports: 

Mt. Z ion Church, Hedgesvilie and Calvary Church, Back Greek, 
:S^orhorne Parish — Rev.D. Francis Sprigg, Rector. Commu- 
nicants 69; baptisms 2; confirmed 3; contributions |28.00. 

Ti-inity Church, Martinsbiirg—D. F. Sprigg, Rector. Com- 
municants 44; baptisms 17; confirmed 5; Sunday school teach- 
er,? 12; scholars 55; contributions |105. 

Christ Church, Wellshurg- Rev. S. 1>. Tompkins, Rector. 
Communicants 21; baptisms 5; families 8; confirmed 11; con- 
tributed to Diocesan Missions |7.00. 

St. John's GhurcJi—ReY. S. D.Tompkins, Rector. Communi- 
cants 38; confirmed 7; families 14. 

Christ Church, Clarkshunj—'Rex. R. A. Castleman, Rector, 
Communicants 13; baptisms 10; confirmed 4; families 20. 

Grace Church, Ravenswood — Vacant — Communicants 11; 
Sunday school teachers 7; families 6. Occasional services by 
the Rev. Mr. Perkins, and also by Rev. Dr. McCabe. 

Zion Church, Charlestown— Rev. Charles E. Ambler, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 98; (of which 4 colored); baptisms 3; 
confirmed 6; Sunday school teachers 15; scholars 130; contri- 
butions I.598.G3. 

Xorborne Parish — Rev, C. M.Callaway, Rector. Communi- 
cants 48; baptisms 32; (of which colored infants 12); confirm- 
ed 15, (of which colored 3); Sunday School teachers 8; schol- 
ars 35; contributions |103. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown — Rev. C. W. Andrews, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 61; baptisms 12; confirmed 8; Sunday 
school teachers 7; scholars 50; families 30; contributions |200. 

Rev. John Kepler, Missionar}^, Shepherdstown, reports: 
In June last, I removed from the Diocese of Maryland, to 
that of Virginia, From that time until January, I officiated 
frequently for Rev. Mr. Andrews in Shepherdstown, Va., 
preaching and reading service. From January last, at the re- 
quest of the Rector, I consented to act as his assistant, since 
which time I have officiated in that capacit}'. In April I 
took charge of the Episcopal church at Harper's Ferry, Va., 

REV. RICHARD T. DAVIS, D. D., 1855. 






IX West Virginia. 145 

and likewise at tlie same time, the chuix-li at Sliarpsburg, 
Md., holding services at these places once in two weeks al- 

Hex. W. D. Hanson, Missionary, Kabletown, Jefferson couu- 
tA", reports: Sunday school teachers 15; scholars 56. The 
communicants who attend my services at Kabletown and on 
the Blue Ridge, are embraced in the reports from Ziou and 
Wickliffe Parishes. Contributions |15. 

St. John's and St. Luke's Churches, Kanawha Parish — Rev. 
R. T. Brown, Rector. Communicants 42; baptisms 23; Sun- 
day i-'cliool teachers 7; contributions $110. 

St. PdiiJ'.s Church, T]>.s/o;/— Revs. James J. Page and R. A. 
Castleman — Communicants 21; baptisms 7; confirmed 8; 
Sunday school teachers 3; scholars 20. 

Trinily Parish, Marshall County-'ReY. Wm. L. Hyland, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 9; baptisms 7; confirmed 3. 

About |900 have been contributed towards the erection 
of a church building, and it is hoped that this work will be 
completed during the present year. 1 take this opportunity 
To return thanks to our friends in Wheeling and elsewhere, 
f(>r their generous aid in this undertaking. 

St. John's Church. Wheel iiif/.— Hex. Jam-s D. McCabe, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 63; baptisms 27; confirmed 7. Sunday 
school teachers 14; scholars 75; families 38; contributions 

The condition of tlie parish is encouraging; the people are 
devout and energetic, and there can be no doubt but that 
with the improvement of oui' city and growth of population, 
the church will exert an influence commensurate with the 
increase. We are making an effort to erect a small chapel, 
in a suburban village, and also a parsonage for the use of 
the rector of the parish. 

St. John's Church, Pleasants Counti/ — Rev. E. T. Perkins, 
Rector. Communicants 10; baptisms 5; confirmed 2; Sunday 
school teachers 6; scholars 25. Contributions |20. 

This parish was admitted into connection with the Diocese 

146 The Episcopal Chukch 

at the last convention, since which time a neat and substan- 
tial church edifice has been completed and consecrated, and 
the prospects ol" the parish are considered promising. 

Trinity Church, Farkershtirg — KeA*. E. T. Perkins, Rector. 
Communicants 31; baptisms (>; confirmed 0; Sunday school 
teachers 5; scholars 25. Contributions |100. 

The removals reported above (8) are in consequence of the 
formation of a separate parish, in Pleasants county, which 
parish embraces within its limits, these communicants, who 
were formerly reported as members of Trinity Parish, though 
not actually embraced within its territorial limits. The Rec- 
tor of this parish, would remark that he officiates occasion- 
liUy at Belleville and Ravenswood, where churches have been 
built, and occasionally at Point Pleasant, where there are 
several members of our communion. These points are great- 
ly in need of regular ministerial services, and are ready to 
contribute liberally to the support of any young man who 
would be willing to labor among them. 

Rev. James D. McCabe, officiating St. Paul's Church, Wet- 
zel Parish, Wetzel county, reports: "This parish, which was 
received into communion with the convention at the last con- 
Yention, is dependent entirely upon the services given to it 
gratuitously by Rev. W. L. Hyland and myself; its condition 
is healthy, and with stated services it would soon become one 
of the most promising parishes on the Ohio river. There are 
now several candidates for confirmation, and it is to me a 
source of profound regret, that it was necessarily omitted 
in the Bishop's recent visitation in this region. Communi- 
cants 9; families 9." 

Convention of 1854. Lynchburg, Va., May 15. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Present from West Virginia, 4 clergy and 2 laymen. 

From Bishop Johns' address: "In reporting the services 
performed during the past year it is proper to mention those 
in Wheeling during the convention, and not included in the 
statement which I then submitted. 

IN West Viuginia. 147 

On Thursday, May 19tb. At St. Matthew's Church, I admit- 
ted to Priest's orders the B,e\. James J. Page. 21st. In St. 
John's, I confirmed four persons, and the next day I con- 
firmed at his own residence, a sick person connected with 
the same church." 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reported appropria- 
tions of |1,'J75.0() to sixteen missionaries (of which SoOo, to 
five in West Virginia). Received from nine churches in West 
Virginia, $323.11. 

Contingent fund, received from twelve churches in West 
Virginia 1450. Churches in Martinsburg, Shepherdstown, 
Leetown, Wellsburg, Brooke county; three churches in 
Hampshire county, Harper's Ferry, three in Kanawha county, 
S\ eston. Point Pleasant, Mercer's Bottom, St. John's Wheel- 
big, three in Putnam countj", and Parkersburg, reported de- 

Parochial Reports: 

.1//. Zion and Calvary Churches. .Xorhornc Parish — Rev. D. 
Francis Sprigg, Rector. Communicants 02; baptisms 8; Sun- 
day school teachers 6; scholars 30. Contributions |39. 

Trinifff Ch iirch, Martinshurf/ — Rev. 1). Francis Sprigg, Rector. 
Communicants 42; baptisms 9; Sunday school teachers 11; 
scholars 5i). Contributions |114. 

My reports for this year indicate a considerable falling off. 
It would seem, then, that we are going backwards and not 
forwards. I do not know that things with us are different 
from what they seem upon the face. We may indeed see only 
the worst; but I doubt it. The truth, awful as it is, is, we 
have been going backward. Where it will end I know not. 
I know my prayer, my prayer continually, is that the Lord 
would revive His work. I doubt not but that He will in His 
own time. 

Much peed has been sown. Religious truth has been scat- 
tered throughout the parish, by (it is no figui-e of speech) myr- 
iads of pages. That good will come of this, and of the i)reach- 
ing of Christ's gospel, I stand in no more doubt than I do of 

148 The Episcopal Church 

my own existence. But, as J liave said, during the past year 
we have cause to mourn." 

Christ Church, WclhUirg Parish — Kev. S. D. Tompkins, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 17; baptisms 1; Sunday school teachers 
4; scholars 16; families 9; contingent fund |12, promised, 
which I will send to the treasurer. 

St. John's Church — Eev. S. 1). Tompkins, Rector. Communi- 
cants 44; baptisms 3. 

Rev. Wm. McOuirc, Rector of WicMiffe Parish, reports — ''I 
preach in Kabletown, Jefferson county, once a fortnight. A 
valuable parsonage has been purchased recently by Wick- 
liffe Parish." 

Christ Church, Clarksburg Parish — Rev. R. A. Castleman, 
Rector. Communicants 10; baptisms 7; Sunday School teach- 
ers 4; scholars 40; families 20. Contributions |62.55. 

•'Tn Fairmont, JSIarion county, where I preach once a mouth, 
the members of our conmiunion have purchased a church and 
are fitting it up for our secvices. We have in that place eight 
or ten members. Since the last convention I baptized one 
adult and admitted one to the communion." 

Grace Church, Ravensicood Parish — Communicants 10; bap- 
tisms 2; Sunday school teachers 7; families G; contributions 
to convention fund |10. Services have been celebrated sev- 
eral times, and the sacrament of baptism and the Holy Com- 
munion administered during the year, by the Rev. Dr. Mc- 
Cabe of Wheeling, and the Rev. Mr. Hyland, of Moundsville. 
We still continue to pray to the Great Head of the Church 
that He would send us a pastor to dwell in our midst, and 
to break to us the bread of life. H. Fitzhugh, Sr. W. 

Trinity Church, St. Andretv's Parish — Rev. C. ^^^ Andrews, 
Rector. Communicants 65; baptisms 12; Sunday school 
teaob^^rs 6; scholars 50. Contributions |250. 

Rev. J. H. Kepler's Report — Baptisms 2; Sunday school 
teachers 8; scholars 30. In April, 1853, I took charge of the 
church at Harper's Ferry, preaching once in two weeks, and 
continued my services until February, last. Since then the 

IN West Viuginia. 149 

oliui'ch at Harper's Ferry has been without services, beiug 
unable to sustain a minister any longer. From January, 1853, 
to January last, 1 acted as Key. Dr. Andrews' assistant in 
8hepherdstown. The balance of my time I devote to the 
churches at Sharpsburg and Antietam, Washington county, 

ZioH Church, Charlcstoicn — Rev. Chas. E. Ambler, Rector. 
Communicants 101; baptisms 12; Sunday School teachers 18; 
scholars 130; average attendance 15 and 85; contributions 
1483.66. During the present spring the sum of |2,000 has 
been subscribed for the purpose of paying a debt, which has 
been hanging over the church for several years, since the 
erection of the present church edifice. In addition to this 
sum, several hundred dollars have been raised for the pur- 
pose of completing the building. The temporal condition of 
the congregation, is therefore better than it has been since 
the burning of our church several years ago. There is much 
also in the spiritual condition of the church to encourage 
the rector and to give him reason to be thankful. 

Grace Church, Smith field, and St. Bartholomew's Church, Xor- 
home Parish — Rev. C. M. Callaway, Rector. Communicants 
47; (of which 5 colored); baptisms 8; Sunday school teachers 
1; scholars 50; contributions |163.02. 

St. Paul's Church, Lewis Count}/ — Rev. Jas. J. Page, Rector. 
Communicants 22; baptisms 6; Sunday school teachers 5; 
scholars 25. I am happy to report that our church is now free 
from debt. In the eastern cities I collected a sufficient sum 
to meet claims against the church to the amount of |506. In 
addition I purchased a fine bell and Communion Service. 

Trinity Church, Trinity Parish, Marshall County — Rev. W. L. 
Hyland, Rector. Communicants 12; baptisms 14; families 8. 
The church edifice is nearly finished. The children of the 
parish are instructed, by the rector every Sunday before di- 
A'ine service, in accordance with the provisions of the Ru- 
brics and Canons. There have not been any facilities here- 
tofore for a regular Sunday school. The condition of the 
parish it is hoped, is better than at the last convention. 

150 The PJpiscopal Church 

St. John's Church, Wheeling — Rev. James D. McCabe, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 74; baptisms 20; confirmed 6; Sunday 
school teachers 14; scholars 80; contributions |373 31. 

The condition of the parish is encouraging, the congrega- 
tion is active in good works, and liberal in the support of all 
enterprises for the promotion of the principles of the Gospel 
in the church. During the present year a parsonage will be 
erected for the rector, at a cost of between $2,500 and |3,000. 

St. Matthew's Parish, Wheeling — Rev. Wm. Armstrong, Rec- 
tor. The condition of this parish is encouraging. It has en- 
joyed since January the efficient and very acceptable services 
of an assistant, in the person of Rev. E. T. Perkins, late rec- 
tor of Trinity Church, Parkersburg. Communicants 113; 
baptisms 24. 

Diocesan Summary^ — Communicants 6,055, of which 17 
churches in West Virginia reported 636; confirmed 626, of 
which in West Virginia 6. 

Convention of 1855. Lexington, May 1 6. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

From West Virginia, four of the clergy and two of the laity 

From Bishop Meade's address: "In October began a visita- 
tion in Western Virginia. Commencing duty at Fairmont, 
I consecrated a church, and confirmed five persons. Visited 
Clarksburg and Weston, in each of which places confirmed 
five. Thence to Parkersburg, where three were confirmed. 
At Ravenswood one. Visited Point Pleasant, Mercer's Bot- 
tom, Buffalo; one confirmed at Buffalo. Thence to Winfield 
Court House, Coalsmouth, Charleston, and the Salines; one 
confirmed at the Salines, and seven at Charleston. Recross- 
ing the whole of Western Virginia by land, I visited the con- 
gregations at the Northern corner of the State. At Mounds- 
ville I consecrated a new church and confirmed five persons. 
At St. John's Church, Wheeling, confirmed ten persons, and 
at St. Matthew's twenty-two. Spent a day at Wellsburg and 

IN West Virginia. 151 

another at St. John's, seven miles oif, confirming five at tbe 

From Bishop Johns' address: "June 10th. I preached at 
Bunker Hill and confirmed one. 11th. I preached in Trinity 
Church, Martinsburg, and confirmed two. 12th. I preached at 
Hedgesville and confirmed two. 14th. I preached in Trinity 
Church, Shepherdstown and confirmed seven. 15th. I preach- 
ed in Sf. Bartholomew's, Leetown. 16th. I preached in Smith- 
field, and confirmed six. 17th. Was my appointment at Har- 
per's Ferry, but as that parish was then vacant, and no one 
took tlie Southern Churchman, I found the church closed, 
and was under the necessity of leaving for Charlestown with- 
out officiating. I am happy to say that the congregation has 
since been supplied. 18th. I preached at Charlestown and 
confirmed seven." 

Parochial Keports: 

Trinity Church, ]\^orbornc Parish, Berkeley County — D. H. 
Conrad, chairman of the vestry, reports: The late Rector, 
Rev-. D. Francis Sprigg, resigned his charge in March last, 
and has removed out of the Diocese. Since which time, until 
within a few weeks, there have been services by the subscriber 
as lay reader, on the usual days for service; but recently the 
Rev. Charles Howard, of Maryland, at our Bishop's instance, 
has been officiating in that parish, and at Hedgesville, as 
well as Leetown, Smithfield and Bunker's Hill, and very faith- 
fully on his part, and very acceptably to our people, who have 
already learned to love him ; he will labor among us until we 
are supplied with a minister, which we hope we shall be by 
July. We have experienced the usual trouble in getting a 
successor to our late respected pastor (whose health oblig- 
ed him to relinquish his pastoral charge) but happily we 
are now in a fair way to procure a pastor, who will keep to- 
gether and build up our church in Martinsburg, a very ex- 
cellent field of labor, for a devoted, active clergyman. 

To this Mr. Conrad adds: Hedgesville Parish — Commnul- 
cants 3. This is a small chapel belonging to Hedgesville Par- 

152 The Episcopal Church 

ish, which nceiJs atteutioii, bnl i.^ not at present flourishing. 

And also this: Mt. Zion Church, Norborne Parish, This 
church has been witliout a rector since Rev. Mr. Spriggs' res- 
ignation, the subscriber officiated as lay reader on the usual 
days of service in Mt. Zion church, until the Rev, Charles 
Howard, of Maryland, came at the request of Bishop Meade, 
to officiate in this and the adjoining parishes; since which 
time he has to the great satisfaction of the people preached 
for them, from time to .ime. 

Rev. U. Francis Sprigg reports: On the first day of March 
I resigned my rectorship of the parishes in Berkeley couni;. , 
I was induced to this step simply on account of an affection 
of my eyes. In the goodness of God, they seem now to be 
nearly restored and I trust soon to be at work again. I ha"\e 
been assisting the Rev. Dr. Balch, of Christ Church,, Balti- 
more, since the first of April, 

Christ Church, Wellshiirg Parish — Rev. S. D. Tompkins late 
rector. Communicants 10; families 5. I resigned the church 
of this parish the first of April last, and have accepted a call 
to Grace Church, Ravenswood Parish. 

St. John's Church, Brooke Parish— Re.\. S. D. Tompkins, late 
Rector. Communicants 42; baptisms 0; confirmed 5; families 

Crrace Church, Ravenswood Parish — Rev. S. D. Tompkins, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 11; baptisms 2; confirmed 1: Sunday 
school teachers 6; scholars 30; families 7. 

Trinitij Church, Shepherd si own — Rev. C. W. Andrews, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 02; baptisms 4; confirmed 7; Sunday 
school teachers 6; scholars 40; contributions, for church pur- 
poses within the parish $33. Foreign Missions |55. Evan- 
gelical Knowledge Society |50. Other objects |200. 

Rev. J. H. Kepler, assistant minister, Trinity Church, St. 
Andrews' Parish, Shepherdstown, reports: As I have no 
parish in the Diocese of Virginia, I have but little to report 
to its convention. I hold services regularly every two weeks 
at Sharpsburg, and at Antietam on the same day. The Sun- 

IX West YiKGiNiA. 1'}'6 

days iu which I am not engaged at the pUices alluded to, I 
assist Dr. Andrews in the services at Shepherdstown, and 
likewise officiate for him, whenever he is absent. 

Zion Church, Charlestoicn — Key, C. E. Ambler, Recor. 
Communicants 96; baptisms 24; confirmed 7; families 20 (of 
v/hich 2 colored); Sunday school teachers IG; scholars 103; 
contributions: Missions, domestic 141; foreign $183.19. Dio- 
cesan |55. Com. alms |38.75. General contributions |159; 
total, 1176.91. 

St. John's Church, Cltarleston: St. Luke's Church, Maiden — 
Rev. Thompson L. Smith. Rector. Communicants 46; bap- 
tisms 11; confirmed 9 (of which 2 from St. Mark's); Sunday 
school teachers 8; scholars 50; contributions. Communion 
alms 164.11 general |321; total |385.11. 

The sum of about |900 has been contributed to the payment 
of the debt due for the parsonage, which secures a title for 
the property, to the church, the remainder is in the way of 
paj'iuont, being a small amount. 

Tr'iniiy Church, Moundscillc — Rev. Wm. L. Hyland, Rector. 
Communicants 14; baptisms 7; confirmed 4. Contributions 
Communion alms, |27.50; general |40; total $67.50. 

This parish being as yet weak, and a beneficiary itself of the 
Diocesan Missionary Society, no effort has been made to col- 
lect anything for missionary purposes. The children of the 
parish have been instructed fi'om time to time in the Cate- 
chism and the duties of religion by the Rector. This is the 
only Sunday school connected with the parish. There are 
but few families, as such, connected with the church, although 
there are individuals so connected, belonging to families con- 
nected with other religious denominations. 

St. Matthew^s Church, St. Mattheiv's Parish, Wheeliuf/ — Rev. 
E. T. Perkins, Rector. Communicants 154; baptisms 52; con- 
firmed 21; Sunday school teachers 33; scholars 175; families 
115. Contributions: For Missions, domestic, |20; foreign, 
fl25; diocesan |153; Communion alms |1S3.5S; general fl,- 
841.96; total |2.324.54. 

154 The Episcopal Chukch 

The ladies of this congregation, have within the past year 
purchased a large and commodious parsonage at a cost of |3,- 
500; |1,100 of which has been paid as the first installment. 

St. John's Church, St. Johns Parish — Rev. James D. McCabe, 
Rector. Communicants 93; baptisms 26; confirmed 10; Sun- 
day school teachers 15; scholars 100; families 60. Contribu- 
tions, for missions, domestic |65 (|55 of which was contribut- 
ed by ladies of the parish in money and clothes for Nashotah) ; 
foreign |13; Communion alms |73.42; general |384; total 

Since last convention, the congregation of St. John's have 
completed a commodious and comfortable parsonage at the 
cost of about |3,500, which is now occupied by the Rector. 
The parish is entirely unembarrassed by debt, and in all re- 
spects in a healthy condition. During the year the Rector 
has officiated at Ravenswood and New Martinsville, occa- 
sionally, and every Sunday afternoon he holds a service in 
the neighboring corporation of South Wheeling. 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reported |890 as paid 
to six missionaries in West Virginia, and |121.10 contributed 
by five churches. 

Total contingent fund, |5,195.75. To this, twelve West Vir- 
ginia churches paid |462. In 1854 and 1855, there were forty- 
two delinquencies. 

Seven churches on the roll of this Convention have 
become extinct: 

Calvary, Norborne Parish, Back Creek, Berkeley county; 

Frankfort, Hampshire, Frankfort, Hampshire county; 

St. Luke's, Kanawha, Salines, Kanawha county; 

St. John's, St. John's, Wheeling, Ohio county; 

Winfield, St. Paul's, Winfield, Putnam county; 

Teays' Vallej', St. Paul's, Teays' Valley, Putnam county; 

Belleville, Trinity, Belleville, Wood county. 

Convention of 1855. Fredericksburg, May 21. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Present from West Virginia, three of the clergy and three 

IX West Vikoima. ]55 

of the laity, viz: Dr. A. T. Woods, St. Matthew's Church, 
Wheeling; Mr. D. H. Conrad, Trinity Church, Martinsburg; 
Dr. S. Patrick, St. John's Church, Charleston. 

From Bishop Meade's address: "In September, I visited the 
congregations in Berkeley and Jefferson. Beginning at 
Charlestown I confirmed three persons. My next appoint- 
ment v^as at Harper's Ferry, which failed by reason of in- 
disposition, though my place was supplied by others. At 
Sihepherdstown one was confirmed. Two at Hedges Chapel. 
Three at Martinsburg. One at Bunker's Hill. Two at Smith- 
field. I held service also at I-«etown. 

I should say that the number annually confirmed (in the 
whole Diocese) since my advancement to the Episcopate (1829) 
has been about four or five hundred. Sometimes it has gone 
far beyond this, and once reached a thousand, during a year 
when God's spirit seemed to have been more largely poured 
out on our congregations. In estimating the amount of suc- 
cess attending the labors of our ministers for the last forty- 
five years, not for the purpose of boasting before men, or 
comparing it with that of others, but in thankfulness to God 
for His unmerited grace, we must take into account that Vir- 
ginia, beyond any other part of our land, has for a long time, 
been the nursery of the West and Southwest, supplying vast 
numbers to the Churches and States thereof. It is not won- 
derful, therefore that our domestic increase in regard to 
churchmen and citizens, should have been seriously affected 
by the continual emigration of both. If the character of 
these colonists sihould have contributed anything to the im- 
provement of the places of their settlement, if, in many in- 
stances they shall have proved the seed of Episcopal congre- 
gations in the same, we must be thankful for the honor con- 
ferred on us by the Lord, and rejoice that others increase 
even if we decrease. Let it be our endeavor to train them in 
the true principles of the gospel, and of the church of our 
reforming fathers, that those who leave us, may be blessings 
to whatever home thev mav select. 

156 The Episcopal Church 

Let us especially be thankful that God has so highly. hon- 
ored our Diocese, as to rear up in our midst a school of the 
Prophets, which has long been, and is now more abundantly, 
a nursery of faithful evangelists to other parts of the land, 
besides our own, and even missionaries to far distant coun- 
tries. By comparing our present condition with the past, we 
have therefore abundant cause for thankfulness and encour- 
agement though none for pride or boasting. I think / shall 
not err from the truth, in saying, that less than fifty years 
ago, our number of laboring ministers was not more than 
twelve, and these were almost all old men, faint and discour- 
aged, soon to cease from the little they were then doing, and 
with them, the universal expectation was that the <h;irch 
would come to an end, and the old temples and congregations 
fall into other hands. Some of these twelve, did not probably 
number more than twelve, as their average congregation, 
and the v.hole number of attendants throughout the Diocese 
could not have amounted to more than a thousand souls, per- 
haps much less. Compared with this small and most dis- 
couraging beginning, our present condition of a hundred na- 
tive clergy and nearly two hundred places of worship, with 
seven thousand communicants, calls for devout gratitude to 
our great Head. Of how much greater increase our Zion is 
capable, until emigration shall roll back again, or at least 
cease to roll away from us, it is not ours to know. One thing 
is certain, that nothing but a continuance of the same evan- 
gelical and zealous, self-denying labors which God hath hith- 
erto blessed, will avail for our future increase. May God 
give to us all the grace of faithful perseverence."' 

From Bishop Johns' address: "April 17th. I left liome to 
visit the Western section of the Diocese. 20th. I consecrated 
Christ Church, Clarksburg. Sentence of consecration by the 
Rev. R. A. Castleman, morning service, by the Rev. Mr. Per- 
kins, sermon bv myself. I preached also in the evening This 
handsome church has been erected by the indefatigable ef- 
forts of the rector, who has the satisfaction of knowing- that 

IN West Virginia. 157 

it is lield by tlie vestry witliout the slightest pecuuiary em- 

21st. We proceeded in the face of a snow storm twenty- 
three miles to Weston, where I preached at night, and though 
the ground was covered several inches and the snow still fall- 
ing, I was met by a large congregation. Three persons were 
confirmed, one of whom had come thirty, and another, a lady, 
sixteen miles to enjoy this spiritual privilege. 22nd. In the 
morning I baptized an infant in Weston. 28d. I preached at 
Fairmont and confirmed two. 24th. At Wheeling I examined 
T. H. Smith, a candidate for Deacon's orders, in which exam- 
ination I was aided by the Rev. Messrs. Perkins and R. A. 
Castleman. 25th. I preached at Wellsburg. 26th. I preached 
at St. John's Brooke County, and in the evening baptized an 
infant at Wellsburg. Both of these congregations are suf- 
fering for want- of a minister. The church at Wellsburg much 
reduced by removals and deaths, must, unless soon provided 
for, become extinct. 27th. In vSt. John's, Wheeling, I admit- 
ted Mr. T. H. Smith to Deacon's orders. Morning service by 
Rev. Geo. K. Warner, candidate presented by the Rev. Mr. 
Perkins, sermon by myself. It is expected that the Rev. Mr. 
Smith will settle in Weston, and relieve the Rev. R. A. Cas- 
tleman of a part of his too extended field of labor. At night 
I preached in St. Matthew's Church, and confirmed eighteen. 

.30th. I preached in Moundsville and confirmed eight. At 
night I preached in St. John's, Wheeling, and confirmed six. 
The Rev. Mr. Warner, acting as rector of the church, has 
been officiating there but a few weeks. 30th. I preached at 
Cow Creek. May 1st. I preached at Parkersburg and con- 
firmed one. May 2d. I preached at Ravenswood and confirm- 
ed four. 3d. I preached at Point Pleasant. 4th. At Bruce 
Chapel, Mercer's Bottom. 5th. I preached at Buffalo. The last 
three places are missionary stations, and greatly need the 
services of a faithful minister. At Charleston, Kanawha, 
and the vicinity, though suffering from a severe cold and 
.sore throat, I was enabled to perform the following services : 

158 The Episcopal Church 

In St. John's Church, I preached on the 9th, at night. 10th. 
Morning and night. 11th. In the morning and confirmed nine. 
In the afternoon I rode to the Salines, preached and con- 
firmed four. This service was conducted in the Methodist 
church, kindly loaned us. our own having, during the last 
year, fallen down, in consequence of its defective foundation. 
With commendable promptness, another building has been 
commenced on another site; and judging from its appearance 
as far as it has progressed, it promises to be substantial and 
commodious. I very much regret that I was prevented by 
indisposition from visiting the church at Coalsmouth, still 
without a rector. The Rev. Messrs. Smith and Tompkins of- 
ficiated there for hie, and from their report, as well as from 
conversation with one of the vestry, whom I saw in Charles- 
ton, 1 learned the deep concern of the people on account of 
their lamentable destitution, and their anxiety to be supplied. 
In this beautiful portion of the Valley of the Kanawha, 
there is no preaching of any kind. The condition of this con- 
gregation, and the fact that near to it are extensive mining 
establishments, with numerous operatives, and their fami- 
lies, who prefer the services of our church, and have often 
and earnestly applied for them, render this region one of 
peculiar interest, as a field for missionary enterprise. 

May 12. Accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Tompkins I left 
Charleston at daybreak in the stage, and at 5 p. m., reached 
Guyandotte. Here I had no appointment, but I brought with 
me a letter to the only resident, presumed to be connected 
with our church, that if practicable we might have services 
there at night, but it was concluded that we had arrived too 
late to circulate the notice, and the design was abandoned. 
Our next object was to secure the first packet which should 
pass up the river. The gentleman at the wharfboat, who an- 
swered our enquiries, proved to be a communicant of the 
church, originally from Ohio, but for several years in business 
in Guyandotte, during all which time he had been deprived 
of the services he loved, except at long intervals when away 

IN West Virginia. 159 

from home. He had noticed the series of appointments along 
the Kanawha Valley, and proposed joining us there, but 
found it out of his power, and now, conjecturing who we 
were, he followed us with the inquiry. On learning that his 
conjecture was correct, and that we had wished to hold a 
service there that night, but that it had been deemed too late 
to give the necessary notice, he and a Methodist gentleman 
standing near, volunteered to make the experiment, and do 
all they could to collect a congregation. They, uniting with 
the friend to whom I had brought the letter of introduction, 
and being materially aided by a highly respectable and in- 
fluential gentleman, who with his family were attached to 
the church, the arrangements were soon made, and at the 
usual hour I had the satisfaction of preaching to a large au- 
dience, assembled in the Methodist church. The next morn- 
ing before breakfast I baptized an infant, Henry Livingston 
Webb, of the family already alluded to. While I was in Guy- 
andotte, I was brought into communication with a company 
of intelligent and enterprising gentlemen from the State of 
New York, who were about closing the purchase of a tract 
of twenty thousand acres of land in the vicinity, for the pur- 
pose of establishing a large agricultural settlement. With 
Iwo exceptions they were Episcopalians, and all expressed 
great interest to have our services brought within their 
reach. I cannot but hope that this visit may soon lead to 
The establishment of a missionary in that part of Cabell 

A tour of about 1,500 miles accomplished without hurt or 
serious hindrance, furnishes abundant cause for thankful- 
ness. The impression produced in this visitation, by all I 
saw and heard, served but to deepen my conviction of the 
greatness of the work to be done in that very interesting but 
comparatively, very destitute portion of the Diocese, and to 
bo essayed speedily, if we would avail ourselves of the ad- 
vantages which now invite us to prompt and energetic action. 
I do not mean to intimate that it would be without trials and 

1 60 The E pi sco pa l Ch ukch 

discouragements. These, more or less, are inseparable from 
the work, wherever commenced, and in our west, difficulties 
of a peculiar kind may be encountered at the outset. But, 
then, there are the people pleading for the presence and ser- 
vice of the Christian ministry, with an appeal as distinct and 
intelligible, as the call that fell on the ear of the Apostle at 
Troas. And who will go ''over and help them?" The cry of 
Africa is heard, the distant call of China is heard, there is 
scarcely a heathen people, the recital of whose necessities 
does not find a sympathetic cord in the bosom of some of 
those who are commissioned to preach the unsearchable 
riches of Christ, and this is as it should be. But shall our 
onr own people be unheard or unheeded? Unheard they 
shall not be, for I am commissioned to state their wants, and 
urge their claims, and could I execute that commission with 
an ability at all equal to the interest I feel, or could I vivid- 
ly represent the scenes through which my recent visitation 
has carried me, I am persuaded some would be ready to re- 
spond, ''here we are, send us." I know the demand for min- 
".sterial service, and doubt not that the poverty of the supply 
is, in part, the cause of the continued destitution to which 
I allude, and so I have explained it to those who have com- 
plained to me, a-i if no one cared for their souls, yet I cannot 
but think that if the i)rosent state of the border, and some of 
the interior counties was rightly apprehended, they would 
command a larger proportion of our clerical force, than they 
have yet been pri\-ileged to receive. 

Means for their reasonable suport will not be wanting. 
The people themselves are prepared to furnish part, and 
there is, I am confident, a heart in this Diocese to provide 
what may be further needed. What we need is the men 
humble, earnest, active men, who are ready to endure hard- 
ships for Christs sake, and the gospel's. For want of 
such the work stands. Let us then with increasing earnest- 
ness and importunity, pray that the Lord will "send forth 
more laborers into his harvest." 

IN West Virginia. 161 

The Dioocesan Missionary Society, reported out of a total 
appropriation of |1,914.10 that |550.00 was to three mission- 
aries in West Virginia. For this fund |?.0 from one church 
in West Virginia, (St. John's Wheeling). The treasurer re- 
ports 16 churches in West Virginia as paying to the contin- 
gent fund 1419.01, of which |252.()1 was for arrearages. For 
years 1851-55 and '56. 27 churches are delinquent or make no 

Parochial Reports: 

Noi-horne Parish, Mt. Zion Church — Rev. Richard T. Davis, 
Rector. Communicants 53; baptisms 2; confirmed 2; families 
28. Contributions, Missions, domestic $2.75, foreign |7.5S, 
general |28.13. 

Norhorne Parish, Trinity Church — Rev. Richard T. Davis 
Rector. Communicants 44; baptisms 2; confirmed 2; fami- 
lies 22. Contributions, Missions, foreign |26.37, domestic 
$5.00, general $135.23. 

Bethel Parish, Christ Church, ClarTcshurg — Rev. R. A. Cas- 
tleman, Rector. Communicants 18; baptisms 15; confirmed 
2; Sunday Schools 2; teachers 15; scholars 90; families 25. 
Contributions, $380.00. 

The above report embraces the number of communicants, 
baptisms, contributions &c., in Fairmont, which has not 
been formed into a regular parish. Number of communi- 
cants in Bethel Parish, Clarksburg 22. 

Ravensioood Parish, Grace Church — Rev. Samuel D. Tomp- 
kins, Rector. Communicants 17; baptisms 3; confirmed 4; 
Sunday School teachers 7; scholars 30; families 9; Commun- 
ion alms $25; raised by subscriptions to build a church in 
Ripley, the county seat of Jackson, $700. 

St. Andrew's Parish, Trinity Church Jefferson county — Rev. 
C. W. Andrews, Rector. Communicants 55; baptisms 12; 
Sunday School teachers 7; scholars 40; contributions $200. 

Few parishes in the diocese have lost more by removals 
every year. Here, as in many other of our Virginia parishes, 
the results of our work, if truly reported, would appear in 

162 The Episcopat. Chukch 

the reports of western parishes. A very finely constructed 
and beautiful stone church has been put under roof during 
the past year. 

Grace Church, Smithfield, St. Bartholomew's Church, Leetoivn, 
Jefferson county and Christ Church, Berkeley county — Rev. Juli- 
us E. Grammer, Rector. Communicants 41; baptisms 1; con- 
firmed 3; Sunday School teachers 11; scholars 50; contribu- 
tions 141.50. This parish has been under my charge eight 

St. Luke's Church, Maiden — Rev. Thompson L. Smith, Rec- 
tor. Communicants 94; baptisms 11; confirmed 3. Contribu- 
tions 1365.381. 

Kanawha Parish, St. John's Church, Charleston, and St. 
Lukes Church, Maiden — Rev. Thompson L. Smith, Rector. 
Communicants 48; baptisms 25; confirmed 13; Sunday School 
teachers 9; scholars 50; contributions for church purposes 
$284.52; for miissions, domestic |15; foreign |53.00; dioce- 
san 140.00. Communion alms |38.15; total |430.70. (Of the 
communicants, 14 in St. Luke's.) 

The Rector deems it proper to state that his services are 
still bestowed upon the two congregations, in Charleston and 
in the Salines, besides a weekly service in North Charles- 
ton, At this place (N. Charleston) an eligible site for a 
church has been given, the title being vested in the trustees 
of St. John's Church, and a subscription is now being made 
for the erection of a house of worship. The work is in prog- 
ress, and we hope in a few months to have a building comple- 
ted. If it were possible the services of a Rector should be 
confined to Charleston; the Diocese providing a minister for 
the Salines and the adjacent neighborhood where there would 
be large aditions made to our church. 

The Assistant Bishop, whose visitation in the Kanawha 
Valley and the West, has Just closed, has Avitnessed our des- 
titution in regard to an adequate supply of laborers, and will: 
no doubt allude to it, in his report to the convention. 

St. PauVs Church, Weston — Rev. R. A. Castleman, Rector. 

IN West Virginia. 163 

Communicants 20; baptisms 4; confirmed 3; Sunday Scliool 
teachers 6; scholars 30; families 20. 

This congregation is making an effort to build or purchase 
a Rectory. About |600 have already been subscribed to this 
object, and there is a prospect of speedy success in the under- 

St. Matthews Parish, St. Matthews Church, WheeUnfj — Kev. 
E. T. Perkins, Rector. Communicants 174; baptisms 31; con- 
firmed 18; Sunday School teachers 28; scholars 200; families 
120; contributions, domestic missions |50; foreign |10(j.03; 
diocesan $128. Communion alms 1104.12; general |1,202.23. 

In amount of general contributions, is included about f800' 
raised by some of the ladies of the congregation, toward pay- 
ing for the parsonage recently purchased by them. 

Report of Rev. J. H. Kepler: 

Having no Parish in this diocese, I have but little to report. 
Baptized 3 and officiated at 2 funerals. In his absence I offi- 
ciate for my Rev. Bro. Dr. Andrev/s, and when not attending 
to my own appointments in Maryland I assist in the service at 

Convention of 1857, Petersburg, Va , May 20. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Present from West Virginia, two clergy, one laymen. 

From Bishop John's address: "August 1st. I preached at 
Union, Monroe county; 2nd in the same place both morning 
and night. After sermon by the Rev. W. N. Pendleton, I 
addressed the congregation. 3rd. In the morning I preached 
in the same place. On these occasions we were indebted to 
our Presbyterian brethren for the use of their church. I am 
happy to say that by the exertion of a young lady, aided by 
a few others residing in Monroe, a large part of the amount 
necessary to build a church of our own in Union, has been 
raised, and I doubt not, the entire sum will soon be collected. 
By request I preached at night at the Salt Sulphur Springs, 
to a large and attentive audience. During this mountain 
tour I received most acceptable aid from the Rev. W. N. Pen- 

164 The EpiscoPAii Church 

dletou, who kindl}^ engaged to A'isit the places where we had 
officiated, that the things which had been wrought might not 
be lost. 

Contributions for the relief of disabled clergymen: Zion 
Church, Charlestown, |45.00; St. Matthews Church, Wheel- 
ing, 125.00; Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, |50.00; St. John's 
Church, Charleston, |22.50; Mt. Zion Church, Hedgesville, 
115.75; Trinity Church, Martinsburg, |15.89. 

The Parochial reports show 6,315 communicants in the dio- 
cese of which, in West Virginia 566 — (12 churches not report- 

Parochial Keports; 

Trinity Church, Norhorne Parish. — Rev. Richard T. Davis, 
Rector. Communicants 4.3; baptisms 5; contributions, mis- 
sions, foreign |29.75 ; domestic $5.00 ; huilding churches |5.00 ; 
disabled clergy |16.89; convention fund |38; Sunday Schools 
$10.00. Communion alms, $44.86. Total $149.50. 

Mt. Zion Church, Noriorne Parish — Rev. Richard T. Davis, 
Rector. Comunicants 64; baptisms 6; Sunday School teach- 
ers 8; scholars 40; Missions, foreign $8.61; domestic $1; dis- 
abled clergy $14.75; convention fund $32.50. Communion 
alms $5.00. Bible Society $6.00; total $67.86. 

In connection with this Parish, Calvary Church has been 
considered, and some report of its conditions will therefore 
be expected. The number of communicants in this church 
was never over five or six, and by deaths and removals these 
were scattered, so that at my coming into the Parish, there 
was not left one communicant in regular standing. During 
the last summmer I officiated regularly in this church once a 
month, and the services were well attended. 

Christ Church, Wellshurg—'Rey. Edmund Christian, Rector. 
Communicants 8; contributions. Missions, domestic $2.10. 

"I came to this Parish last August, having been without a 
minister for some time, there was no organized congregation 
neither church nor vestry books. The building was in posses- 
sion of one of the principal donors in its erection, who were 

IN West Virginia. 165 

despairing of ever seeing a congregation of Episcopalians 
again in it. Some were dead, some had removed, and others 
had connected themselves with other denominations and un- 
der these circumstances it was in contemplation to sell the 
property, as some of the heirs to one of tlie donors were anx- 
ious to get their portion out of it. The church was rented to 
some Methodists, who would have purchased it if they could 
have done it safely. Portions of eight families were Episco- 
palians. From former mismanagement the Episcopal church 
here had got into disrepute among the inhabitants, and the 
property being considered private and liable to be sold at any 
time, some who haA^e formerly been friends have hesitated to 
come forward. These latter objections, I think are being re- 
moved. A vestry has been formed and trustees were ap- 
pointed in April by the Circuit court. I have a hope that a 
congregation may be gathered, but it will be a work of time, 
there are so few amongst the remaining members who really 
are zealous in the work, but I am glad to say there are some. 
The services are morning and afternoon every alternate Sab- 
batb. 1 have received from them as salary thirty dollars." 
St. John's, Parish, St. John's Church— UeY. Edmund Christian 
Rector. Communicants 29; contributions, domestic missions 

For St. John's Church, St. John's Parish, he reports: 
''This church was taken over by me in August last. The 
congregation was much scattered, but they are fast gathering 
again. Service is held every alternate Sabbath at the re- 
quest of the vestry, only in the morning to an increasing and 
attentive congregation, and once a month an evening lecture 
in a private house some distance from the church, where 
there are generally more than can be accommodated in the 
house. A small debt has been on this church some years 
and owing to a state of apathy into which the treasurer and 
vestry had got, it was never made known to the members. 
They are now making an effort to liquidate it with every pros- 
pect of success. No Sabbath school has been commenced 
owing to the winter and stormy weather and the location of 

166 The Episcopal Church 

the families so distant. From this congregation I have re- 
ceived as salary forty-two dollars." 

Bethel Parish, Christ Church.Glarkshurg — Rev. R. A. Oastle- 
man, Rector. Communicants 10; Sunday School teachers 4; 
scholars 35, Contributions, Sunday Schools |15. Commun- 
ion alms |15; total |30. 

Reports: during the past year the debt upon the new church 
in this Parish has been liquidated, and about |100 expended 
in the purchase of blinds and chancel carpeting. The church 
is entirely free from debt. 

The church in Fairmont, Marion county is also entirely 
free from debt. In that place one adult has been added by 
baptism. The Sunday School is in a flourishing condition. 
The attendance on our services has been very encouraging, 
and there is a prospect of a regular and satisfactory growth 
for the church in the community. 

Grace Church, Ravenswood Parish — Rev. Samuel D. Tomp- 
kins, Rector. Baptisms 5; communicants 20; Sunday School 
teachers 7; scholars 30; contributions, to convocation fund 
$20. Communion alms |29; total |49. 

I have officiated occasionally during the year at Pt. Pleas- 
ant, Mercer's Bottom and Guyandotte. The prosepcts for 
building at the latter place are very encouraging. There are 
five or six communicants at each place, one candidate for 
confirmation at Guyandotte. 

Trinity Church, St. Andrew^s Parish — Rev. C. W. Andrews, 
Rector. Baptisms 6; communicants 54; Sunday school teach- 
ers 7; scholars 40; contributions, foreign missions |57.75; do- 
mestic missions |25; Evangelical Knowledge Society |34; Ed- 
ucation Society |37; disabled clergymen |50; convention fund 
|40; Sunday schools |29.18; Communion alms |20; Bible So- 
ciety |21; Colonization Society |14; American Tract Society 
f9; total 1326.93. 

St. Andreiv's Parish, Zion Church — Rev. Charles E. Ambler, 
Rector. Baptisms 15; communicants 107; Sunday school 
teachers 15; scholars 90; contributions, foreign missions 

IN West Virginia. 167 

|100; domestic |95; building churcli |43.56; disabled clergy 
|45; convention fund |103; Communion alms |70.62^; Coloniz- 
ation Society |40; American Tract Society |70; American 
Sunday School Unioii $30. Total |608.48. 

Kanawha Parish, St. John's Church, Charleston and St. Luke's 
Church, Salines — Rev. Thompson L. Smith, Rector. Baptisms 
15; communicants 53; Sunday School teachers 7; scholars 65; 
contributions, Missions, foreign |28; domestic |35; disabled 
clergy |22.50; Communion alms |24.19; general convention 
$136.95. 1246.74. 

St. John's, communicants 41; St. Luke's, 12. 

The Bishops of the diocese have usually visited this part 
of the state in the fall; if not then, in the spring, before the 
meetings of the convention; hence, as their visits are always 
more or less interesting to our Western Parishes, we are able 
to report an increase in confirmations and members. This 
report varies but little from the last. 

The west is still destitute of laborers. In this county, 
alone, there is a wide field for missionary labor, and we 
think with the aid of the Missionary Society, two energetic, 
persevering missionaries could be employed and supported. 

St. Paul's Parish, St. Pa uVs Church, Weston— Her. Thom- 
as H. Smythe, Rector. Baptisms 10; communicants 17; Sun- 
day school teachers 4; scholars 25; contributions, convention 
fund |16; Communion alms, |5; total |21. 

The congregation at Weston during the past year has 
purchased a melodeon, at a cost of |70, and the ladies of the 
Sewing Society have furnished about |60 for the purpose of 
enclosing the church. 

The Rector holds a monthly service in Buckhannon, but the 
prospect is very discouraging in that quarter. The Holy 
Communion has not been celebrated there since he took 
charge of the parish, consequently he canot tell how many 
would communicate in that place. 

St. Matthews Church, Wheeling— ReY. E. T. Perkins, Rec- 
tor. Baptisms 32; communicants 170; Sunday school teach- 

168 The Episcopal Church 

ers 30; scholars 175; contributions: Missions, foreign |136.30; 
domestic |68 diocesan $80; Evangelical Knowledge Society 
$144; repairing churches |550; disabled clergy |25; conven- 
tion fund |174; Sunday schools $56; Communion alms $156.08; 
Bible Society $39; parsonage $500; prayer Books Society $10. 
Total $1,993.38. 

Those reported withdrawn (15) are persons ,whose name's 
were hitherto found and kept on the register, with the expec- 
tation that they would return to the Communion ; only a few 
of them have withdrawn since the last report; but are now 
all stricken off. There is a class awaiting confirmation, the 
Bishop not having been with us since the last report accounts 
for the small number added to the communion. 

Thomas G. Black, senior warden, St. John's Parish, Wheel- 
ing, reports: This Parish has, since the 16th of March, last, 
been without a Eector. Baptisms 39; communicants 61; Sun- 
doy school teachers 16; scholars 115; contributions, Mis- 
sions, foreign, $13.75; domestic $16.25; Communion alms 
$181.10; general $287.81. Total $498.01. 

Report of Rev. Henry J. Kershaw, as missionary in West- 
ern Virginia during six months ending, on or about the 18th 
of January, 1857; Parkersburg — Preached 6 times; baptized 
1 infant; buried one adult and 1 child; married 1. 

Wirt Court House, preached one time. 

Cow Creek, preached 3 times, baptized 1. 

Belleville Bottom, preached 1 time. 

Coalsmouth, preached 5 times, assisted Rev. T. L. Smith in 
the administration of the Lord's supper; communion alms 

Guj-andotte, preached 2 times. 

Cedar Grove (about 30 miles above Charleston on the Ka- 
nawha river) preached one time. 

Field's Creek (mining district) preached one time. 

Winfield, preached one time. 

Buffalo, preached two times. 

Pt. Pleasant, preached one time. 

IN West Vikginia. 169 

Mercer's Bottom, preached one time. 

I have also preached two or three times at other points; 
remaining only a short time at each of the points above indi- 
cated. I was unable to find out the exact number of commu- 
nicants &c., and would have obtained all such information 
on my second visit, but before that could take place, I was 
compelled to seek a more southern latitude on account of the 
weakness of my eyes. Western Virginia presents many ad- 
vantages as a field for missionary operations. The people 
are anxious to hear the word of life, and will come many 
miles to attend the services of the church. 

Kev. J. H. Kepler, Kector of St. Paul's Church, Washington 
county Md., reports holding services every two weeks in St. 
Paul's Church, Sharpsburg, and Antietam. I have a spare 
Sunday which I employ in assisting my Eev. Bro. Dr. An- 
drews in the service at Shepherdstown. In the absence of Dr. 
Andrews I usually keep the church open for service in this 

The Diocesan JNIissionary Society reported flHIO as paid 
to six missionaries in West Virginia and $160.93 received 
from three churches. 

The Treasurer reported |61G.50 as paid to the contingent 
fund from ten churches. Delinquencies of West Virginia 
churches 1939.49. 

Rev. John Martin, born June 1809; ordained by Bishop 
Moore of Virginia, July 1834. Kector of Kanawha Parish 
West Virginia 1834-1840. 

Convention of 1858. Winchester, Va., May 19. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Present from AVest Virginia: Five clergy and six laymen 
(among the latter Mr. Hiram D. Brown, of Wheeling, and Mr. 
N. S. White, of Charlestown. 

From Bishop Meade's address: "Immediately after the 
Convention (Petersburg 1857) I entered on my triennial vis- 
itation to Western Virginia. Being enabled by means of 
the increased facilities for travelling, to anticipate the time 

170 The Episcopal Chukch 

by about six months, as has been the case in other parts of 
the State for the same reason. 

My first ^asit was to Fairmont, where I proposed to spend 
two days, but was unable to reach it until the second. The 
Rey. William McGuire who attended me, during my Western 
tour, and rendered effectual aid, preceded me, and prevented 
disappointment as to any of the expected services. Three 
persons were confirmed at this place. Our members and 
patrons at Fairmont are few in number, but zealous and 
faithful, having done much in proportion to their numbers 
and ability. Services have been held every alternate Sab- 
bath in this place, since last fall by the Kev. Mr. Brodnax, 
who was ordained to the Deaconship in July last, at the 
close of the Seminary course. 

On leaving Fairmont I proceeded to Wheeling where ser- 
vices were held for several days. In St. Matthew's Church 
twenty-six were confirmed in public, and one in private. 
There was no confirmation in St. John's and no minister at 
that time. The Rev. Mr. Smith is its present minister. 

The congregations at Wellsburg and St. Join's were next 
visited and one person confirmed in the latter. The Rev, 
Mr. Christian was then very zealously and acceptably labor- 
ing in these places, but has since removed to Ohio, for want 
of support. 

At Moundsville I found the Rev. Mr. Hyland still oflflciat- 
ing to a small congregation and having charge of a school. 
I regret to learn, by a communication from himself and the 
vestry, that he has resigned his charge. It will require the 
union of the congregations at Moundsville, Wellsburg and 
St. John's, to give full employment to an active minister, 
and some aid from the Missionary Society to furnish a com- 
petent isupport. 

My next visit was to Martinsville, where our pros- 
pects were once somewhat encouraging, and where we 
had an unfinished church, with a small debt resting upon it. 
By removals and deaths and the want of ministerial serv- 
ices our prospects have been so blasted at this place, that 

IN West Virginia. 171 

notwithstanding my remonstrances to the contrary, tlie 
church was sold, a few liours after my departure, and the 
hope of having an Episcopal church there is for the present 

On reaching Parkersburg, I found the Rev, Mr. Coleman, 
& deacon of the Diocese of Maryland, in the performance 
of ministerial duties. He has since been ordained a Priest 
by the Bishop of Maryland, and received by a letter dimis- 
sory, to the Diocese of Virginia. At Parkersburg seven per- 
sons were confirmed, the sacrament of the Lord's Supper ad- 
ministered, and one child baptized. The ladies are still, 
with commendable zeal, continuing their efforts for a par- 
sonage; if seconded by the contributions of the gentlemen, 
according to the ability which God has given to that favored 
place, the desirable work might soon be accomplished. 

At Ravenswood, to which my steps were next directed, I 
found the Eev. Mr. Tompkins still residing and connecting 
a school and small congregation in the county seat, about 
twelve miles off, with the few zealous Episcopalians in the 
Church at that place. Several services were held during 
the two or three days which Mr. McGuire and myself spent 
at this place, at one of which four persons were confirmed. 

At Point Pleasant, where the Rev. Mr. Smith, from Char- 
leston, Kanawha, met us, and at Mercer's Bottom, several 
days were spent in religious services; two persons being con- 
firmed at the former and one at the latter. I have recently 
heard that the Rev. Mr. Tompkins has removed from Ra- 
venswood to Point Pleasant, and officiates there and at 
Mercer's Bottom. On our way from Point Pleasant to 
Coalsmouth, we spent two days at Buffalo, preaching to our 
few adherents at that place. 

Owing to the failure of a conveyance, one of the two days 
assigned to our friends at Coalsmouth was lost to them. 
They are still without a minister. That Parish, taken in 
connection with some neighboring places, and embracing 
Gayandotte, where we have some warm friends, would af- 

172 The Episcopal Church 

ford a good field for an active and zealous missionaiy, wbo 
should be entirely devoted to the work. 

At Charleston and the Salines two days were spent; at the 
former four were confirmed and at the latter three. The 
Eev. Mr. Smith is still there, performing much duty, and 
deeply feeling his solitary position, having no brother min- 
ister nearer than fift.y miles. 

From Charleston I returned by the way of Point Pleas- 
ant to Parkersburg, by steamboat, and thence by railroad 
and stage to Clarksburg and Weston. At the latter place, 
five were confirmed, and the Rev. Mr. Smith, their minister, 
admitted to Priests orders. The former, Clarksburg, was 
without a minister, the Rev. Mr. Castleman having left 
early in the spring, after having performed faithful servicer 
there, for some years, and been mainly instrumental in 
the erection of their present excellent church." 

From Bishop John's address: "October 2nd, 1 preached 
at Charles Town and confirmed 15. 

3rd, I preached at Smithfield and confirmed 8. 

4th, I preached in Shepherdstowu and confirmed seven; 
in the afternoon I addressed the servants. 

5th, 1 preached at Martinsburg and confirmed seven. 

6th, I preached at Bunker Hill. 

7th, I preached at Hedgesville and confirmed twenty. 

8th, I preached at Harper's Ferry. 

Total number of confirmations in the Diocese 625 (of 
which 11 were colored.) Of the whole number 102 were in 
15 West Virginia churches. 

Parochial Report's: 

Rev. Richard T. Davis reports: 

Trinity Church, Martinsburg — Communicants 45; confirmed 
7; baptisms 5; Sunday School teachers 7; scholars 40; con- 
triubtions, Communion alms $43.47; foreign missions |18.65; 
domestic |1; diocesan |13.78; American Tract Society |22.25; 
(otal -176.90. 

Mt. Zion Church, Hcd</es-ini( — Baptisms 8; communicants 

IN West Yikginia. 173 

70; confirmed 20; Sunday School teachers 8; scholars 40; 
tributions, Communion alms |13; foreign missions |12; 
Church at Harper's Ferry |10; conventional collection $10; 
diocesan missions |10.0o; Bible Society |30; total |85.05. 

Eev. Samuel D. Tompkins reports: 

Grace Gliurch, Ravensivood — Baptisms 4; communicants 17; 
contributions, contingent fund |17.00. 

Norborne Parish, Middlcwai/— Rev. William McGuire. Bap- 
tisms 7; communicants 33; contributions |55.22. Took 
charge September 1st. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdatoicn — Rev. C. W. Andrews. 
Bap I isms 17; communicants 58; confirmed G; families 30; 
contributions $3.50. 

Zion Church, Charlestown — Rev. Charles E. Ambler. Bap- 
tisms 12; communicants 106; confirmed 15; Sunday Schol, 
white teachers, 16; scholars 105; colored teachers 10; schol- 
are 50; families 70; contributions in connection with the 
chur<-h, I1S1.32; otherwise |120.70. Total |602.02. 

8t. John's Charleston and St. Luke's Salines, Kanawha Co. 
—Rev. Thompson L. Smith, Rector. Baptisms 7; communi- 
cants 55; confirmed 8; Sunday school teachers 8; scholars 
60; contributions |87.05. 

St. Paul's Church, Weston — Rev. Thomas H. Smythe, Rec- 
tor. Baptisms 3; communicants 28; confirmed 6; Sunday 
School teachers 7; scholars 50; contributions |60. 

St. Mattlmc\s Church. WheeUny—'Rex. E. T. Perkins, Rector. 
Baptisms 42; communicants 175; confirmed 26; Sunday 
School teachers 30; scholars 200; contributions. Parochial 
1701.15; otherwise $846.33. Total $1547.48. 

St. John's Church, Wheeling — Rev. Joseph H. Smith, Rector 
Baptisms 29; communicants 62; Sunday School teachers 
16; scholars 130; average attendance 80 to 90; families 51; 
contributions, missions $20; Communion alms $331.65; week- 
ly offertory for incidental expenses $185.94; other collections 
for Parish purposes $750. Total $1,287.59. 

The present Rector entered u]3on duty here during the 

174 The Episcopal Church 

montli of August 1S57. Previous to this There had existed 
a vacancy in the Eectorship from the preceding Easter, 
'riiere are a number who expect at the next visitation to re- 
ceive the laying on of hands. 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reports |650 paid to 

5 missionaries in West Virginia and $148.17 contributed by 

6 churches. 

The treasurer reports $529 paid to the contingent fund 
from 10 churches in West Virginia; arrears of |808.82. 

Convention of 1859. Norfolk, May 18. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Present from West Virginia: Five of the clergy and one 
of the laity. 

From j^ishop Meade's address: After speaking of a visit 
to the Warm Springs, he says: '^I should have been happy to 
have extended my visit to the White Sulphur Springs,, 
where I rejoice to learn that a church is expected to be put 
up the ensuing season, and also at Monroe, where a number 
of like minded persons are preparing to erect an Episcopal 
church; but as age advances I am unable to travel on horse- 
back, or even in a carriage through a mountainous country 
as formerly. If my life is spared, and the railroad is exten- 
ded, I may jet visit these places, otherwise I must consign 
them to the superintendance of my assistant brother. 

In the month of September, I commenced my fall visita- 
tions, by spending two days at Charlestown, Jefferson, 
county, preaching twice and confirming seven. 

At Harper's Ferry preached once, and baptized one child. 
At Shepherdstown spent two days, preaching twice, con- 
firming eight, and baptizing the child of the Rev. Mr. Davis. 
At Hedgesville, two days, preaching on each of these, and 
confirming eleven. Spent a day at Smithfleld and one at 
Leetown jireaching in each place. Preached also once at 
Bunker's Hill and confirmed one colored person. October 
16th. I preached at Fairmont, baptized two adults and one 
infant and confirmed six. 17th. I preached at St. John's,. 

IN West Virginia. 175 

Wheeling, and confirmed thirteen. This church, I regret 
to report is again vacant, the Rector having recently re- 
signed, and removed to another Diocese. At night I preach- 
ed in St. Matthew's, Wheeling, and confirmed thirty-eight. 
18th. I preached in Christ Church, Wellsburg; and on the 
following day in St. John's, Brooke county. Both of these 
congregations are still without a minister. 20th. 1 preached 
again in St. Matthew's, Wheeling. 21st. I preached in 
Mound sville, and confirmed three. This and the Church at 
Fairmont, though remote from each other, yet being on the 
line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, are so near in time 
as to be conveniently serA'ed by the same minister. A few 
days before my visitation thej' became united under the care 
of the Rev. Mr. Jacobs, who has commenced his labors there 
with an encouraging prospect of usefulness. 

28rd, I preached and confirmed four in St. John's Church, 
about eighty mileis below Wheeling and a short distance 
from the Ohio. This congregation has been connected with 
the Church in Parker sburg, and like it, is now without a min- 
ister. ' 

24th, I preached in Trinity Church in the morning and 
confirmed six. In the afternoon I addressed the servants, 
and at night after a serm.on by the Rev. Mr. Perkins I again 
addressed the congregation. 

25th, I preached at Ravenswood, Jackson county, in Grace 
Church, and confirmed one. 

26th, I preached in the afternoon at Point Pleasant; the 
Rev. Mr. Perkins, who accompanied me thus far, officiated 
at night. 

27th, I preached at Bruce Chapel, Mercer's Bottom. For 
the supply of this and Point Pleasant, an arrangement has 
been made with the Rev. Mr. Sturgis, of Oallipolis, Ohio, 
who gives part of his time to these missionary stations. 

28th, was occupied in reaching Coalsmouth, where I 
preached on the next morning and confirmed one. I am 
thankful to be able to report that for this Parish, which 

176 The Episcopal Church 

has been long without a settled minister, the services of the 
Eev. Alonzo J. M. Hudson have been secured, and I persuade 
myself that whatever of discouragement may appear at first 
in a field which has been for several years uncultivated, will 
soon vanish before the faithful preaching of the Gospel, and 
more than double of former fertility, cheer the heart and 
strengthen the hands of God's minister. 

30th, I preached both morning and night at St. John's 

31st, I preached in the morning at the same church and 
confirmed thirteen. In the afternoon I preached at the Sa- 
lines and confirmed five. 

The night ensuing I passed without sleep and in much 
suffering, so that when morning came I was ill prepared for 
a ride of about seventy miles to Point Pleasant, and it re- 
quired all my solicitude to reach my next appointment at 
Clarksburg, and the next day at Weston; yet by shameful 
delays we did not arrive at Parkersburg, till twenty-four 
hours after time, and of course, notwithstanding all my ef- 
forts, I was prevented from meeting the two remaining ap- 
pointments w^est of the mountains. 

I cannot close my brief reference to this visitation with- 
out expressing my continued and growing conviction of the 
importance, of more decided and systematic missionary ef- 
fort in tliat very interesting and very destitute section of 
the Diocese. From the we'stern base of the Allegheny to 
Guyandotte, a vast territory with a growing jjopulation, we 
have now five resident clergymen. Yet at every place I vis- 
ited I found persons not only well affected towards our 
church, but solicitous for its stated services. 

In several instances earnest appeals were made to me by 
friends who came from a distance, to tell of their wants and 
press their application for supply. According to their num- 
ber and ability they are ready to contribute to the support 
of the ministry, though for a season they will need aid from 
the east, and this, I can testify, our brethren here are free 
to furnish, the difficulty is not one of means but of men, 

REV. W. F. M. JACOBS, 1859. 


REV. A. J. M. HUDSON, 1859. 


IN West Vikginia. 177 

suitable men, williug to encounter the labor and submit to 
the deprivation of this domestic work. 

I love the cause of Foreign Missions, and rejoice when its 
bands are augmented by faithful and efficient men; but it 
perplexes and pains me to find, that whilst devoted Chris- 
tians, both men and women, respond to the loud cry from 
Africa, China and Japan, the groans of those of our own 
household are little heard and less heeded. For several 
years we have been seeking for, and would have been satis- 
fied to begin with, two Evangelists to itinerate through the 
counties on the Kanawha and Ohio, teaching and preaching 
the things that concern the Kingdom of God and the name 
of Jesus Christ. We have yet to find the first competent 
volunteer for this inconspicuous field; yet if abundant la- 
bors and self denial for the Saviour's sake, and the salvation 
of souls are attractive to those who feel the power of his 
love, and desire the promotion of his glory, there are ranges 
on our western borders, which might take precedence of any 
foreign missionary station, which our church has occupied. 
Let us pray the Lord of the harvest to send forth more la- 
borers, that there may be nowhere, any lack of service, and 
the whole field may be ably cultivated to its utmost fertility." 

The Committee on the State of the Church, through Dr. 
Packard, said in their report: ''In surveying our Diocese, we 
are struck with the fact, that there are but five clergymen 
west of the Alleghenies. It is high time that we were doing 
more for the vast and almost unoccupied field of Western 
Virginia. We cannot apply elsewhere for aid. The work 
is ours and we must do it, if done at all. We cannot here 
throw ofl: our responsibility with the question, "Am I my 
brother's keeper?' They are our brethren and their inter- 
ests are ours. ^Ve are bound by every obligation to pro- 
vide for those of our own household. The time is coming 
when the population of Western Virginia, must be greater 
than that of Eastern Virginia, and when it is destined to ex- 
ert a commanding infiuence over the region East of the Blue 

178 The Episcopal Church 

Ridge. Do we, indeed, believe that our Church is the most 
Apostolic upon Earth, and shall we not seek its extension 
in every way, by planting it in every accessible point ? We 
have lamented this destitution in Western Virginia long 
enough, for some prompt and efficient action to be now ta- 
ken. We would suggest that missionaries might be support- 
ed by our older city churches; each of which might under- 
take the support of a single missionary. There might be 
also, some traveling missionaries, who would temporarily 
minister at points not yet ready for permanent occupation." 

Parochial Reports: 

Rev. Richard T. Davis, reports: 

Trinity Church, Martinshurg — Baptisms 9; communicants 
52; confirmed 8; Sunday School teachers 8; scholars 40; fam- 
ilies 36; contributions |234.05. 

3It. Zion Church, HedgesviUe — Baptisms 5; communicants 
77; Sunday School teachers 8; scholars 47; contributions 

Zion Church, Charlestown — Rev.Charles E. Ambler, Rector. 
Baptisms 27; communicants 108; confirmed 7; in two Sun- 
day Schools, teachers 24; scholars 140; contributions 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown — Rev. C. W. Andrews, Rec- 
tor. Baptisms 10; communicants 65; confirmed 14; Sunday 
School teachers 9; scholars 55; families 40; contributions 
|1,083 (of which |850 for completing the new church.) 

The congregation has this year completed a substantial 
and beautiful church, which was begun in 1854. This has 
absorbed for this year, most of the contributions usually ap- 
plied to other ob4ects. 

The church has never been so prosperous, in the number 
and zeal of its members, or in its spiritual interests gener- 
ally. The Rector has a very large colored congregation, to 
whose use the church building, formerly occupied by the 
white congregation, has been formally made over by the 

Norborne Parish, Jefferson and Berkeley County, P. 0., Mid- 

, IN West Virginia. 1 79 

dleway — Eev. Wm. MeGuire, Rector. Baptisms 6; communi- 
cants 34; confirmed 1; families 23; contributions |42.11. 

St. Luke's Church, Kanawha Parish, — Rev. Thompson L. 
Smith, Rector. Communicants 23; confirmed 5; Communion 
alms 16.45. 

St. John's Church, Kanawha Parish — Baptisms 6; communi- 
cants 54; confirmed 13; Sunday School teachers 11; scholars 
63; contributions |73. 

St. Paul's Church, Weston — Rev. Thomas H. Smvth, Rector. 
Baptisms 24; communicants .30; Sunday school teachers 
7; scholars 45; contributions $160. 

There was a class awaiting confirmation in this Parish last 
November; but the Bishop did not make his proposed visit 
at that time. During the past year I have preached and ad- 
ministered the Lord's supper in two other Parishes, one of 
tbam Deing vacant. The contribution of |160 mentioned 
above has been expended in laying a pavement around the 
Church, and painting the same. 

Trinity Church, Moundsiille, and the Church at Fairmont — 
Rev. -Wm. F. M. Jacobs, Rector. Baptisms 8; communi- 
cants 45; in two Sunday Schools, teachers 16; scholars 70; 
contributions $374.13, 

A small class for confirmation now awaits the Bishop's 
visit. The present Rector took charge the latter part of 
last September. 

St. Matthew's Church, Wltccliiig—'Rey. E. T. Perkins, Rector. 
Baptisms 45; communicants 187; confirmed 36; Sunday 
School teachers 38; scholars 220; families 121; contributions 
(including enlargement and improveraent of the church) 

Report of Rev. W. L. Hyland, Missionary at Large: 

The following is the isum of my work during the past con- 
ventional year. I have preached generally twice every Sun- 
day, besides frequently lecturing during the week. I have 
conducted morning and evening prayers in whole or in part 
about 150 times. I have baptized two children by request. 
I have administered the Lord's Supper, (or assisted) once a 

180 The Episcopal Church 

montli. I have married one couple, and attended one fu- 
neral, I am yet without a Parish, but 1 am ready and willing 
to work whenever my services are required. 

Wickliffc Parish, Clarke County — Kev. W. S. Perkins re- 
ports: During- four months of the year, a fourth Sunday 
has been given to Kabletown and Ripon, Jefferson county. 
The latter place has been made by the Diocesan Missionary 
society, a station where 1 preach every other Sunday even- 
ing. A Sunday School of forty scholars and seven teachers 
is connected with it, and a church is much needed. An ef- 
fort will be made this summer to build one, and if it should 
succeed, this station will make a valuable addition to this 
small Parish. 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reports, out of a to- 
tal expenditure of $2,753.06 that $625 was paid to 4 mission- 
aries in West Virginia, and of this, |550 was to two missiona- 
ries in Jefferson county. Eight churches in West Virginia 
contributed .fl63.82. 

The Treasurer, reported 11 churches in West Virginia as 
paying |515.50 to the contingent fund. 

Eighteen churches delinquent or not reporting. 

Convention of I860. Charlottesville, May 16. 

Bishop Meade presiding. 

Clergy in West Virginia: xRev. Charles E. Ambler, Zioii 
Church, Charlestowu; xKev. C. W. Andrews, D. D., Trinity 
Church, Shepherdstown; Kev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg; 
Rev. A. J. M. Hudson, St. Mark's Church, Coalsmouth; xRev. 
Wm. T. Leavell, Kabletown, Jefferson county; xRev. Wm. 
McGuire, Norborne Parish, Middleway; Rev. James Moore, 
St. John's Church, Wheeling; Kev. E. T. Perkins, St. Mat- 
thew's Church, Wheeling; xRev. Thompson L. Smith, St. 
Luke's and St. John's, Kanawha Parish; xRev. Thomas H. 
Smythe, St. Paul's Church, Weston. 


Lay delegates: Mr. John Y. Beale, Zion Church, Charles- 
town; Mr. D. H. Conrad, Trinity Church, Martinsburg. 

IN West Virginia, 181 

No visitations in West ^'irginia reported: 

The Diocesan Missionarj- Committtee report |1,250 paid 
to seven missionaries in West Virginia and |108.50 received 
from four cliurches. 

In speaking of the plan or an itinerating missionary they 
say: "This seems to us, specially necessary for the West, 
where a dense population with scarcely any means of grace, 
may re<juire an itinerant ministry; and if it please the Lord 
to send us a man suitable for the work, and ready to under- 
take its labors, the West itself will help, and the commit- 
tee are prepared to make up the difference. 

In pursuance of these views a special appropriation was 
voted, by the advice of Bishop Johns to the Rev. Thompson 
L. Smith, of Charleston, Kanawha, for services to be rendered 
on missionary tours through the Kanawha valley, and rarely, 
if ever, has it been the privilege of the committee to receive 
such interesting accounts as those embracing the narratives 
of our missionary. On three separate occasions he visited 
neighborhoods almost entirely destitute of the means of 
grace, and where an Episcopal minister had never preached 
before. The services were most gratefully received, large 
numbers attended, and the blessing of God did not withhold 
the token of his converting grace. In one place where he 
preached in an old school house, the congregation gathered 
around him, both in the house and without, listening 
through the windows. Let the missionary speak himself. 
'After the services I was introduced to a number of stran- 
gers; some spoke touchingly of their destitution, and beg- 
ged me to repeat my visit as early as possible. At this time 
a very respectable looking man, with a fine open counte- 
nance, and gray hair, came up to me and said, that though 
he was a member of the Baptist church, he had for some 
time thought of fitting up a house which he owned, in a 
more central part of the village, ais a church for the preach- 
ing of the gospel by any evangelical preacher of the gospel, 
who would occupy it, for he would be glad to hear the gos- 
pel from anybody. 1 suppose I had not until that evening, 

182 The Episcopal Church 

in his estimation been admitted into the list of Evangelical 
preachers. But the warm and hearty manner in which he 
grasped my hand that evening convinced me that he had no 
doubt of it, and he expressed the hope that I would occupy 
it often. I confess that I had but little confidence in his 
promise, having lived long enough to know that many 
cared but little for promises, especially where religion and 
God are concerned. 

"But what was the result? Hear Mm again:" 'A short 
time since I was again on my round of missionary preach- 
ing. On Sunday morning I preached on this side of the river 
at a small church, some miles from Clifton. In the after- 
noon and at night I preached in Clifton. And what will 
be your surprise when I tell j'ou, that sure enough that same 
respectable, gray-haired old man, christian I must now call 
him, had faithfully complied with his promise. He had fitted 
up the house for a church, had a ver}' good pulpit in it, a good 
stove, and a fire in the chimney at the other end. The seats 
were not completed, but the people sat on planks, held up by 
logs of wood sawed off the proper height, without backs. The 
house was even lathed, and I understand he intends to have 
it plastered; and the next time I come, he says, he will have 
the seats finished with backs to them. There sat the good old 
man at the afternoon service and at night, close to the pulpit 
where he could hear distinctly, with a fine smile upon his 
aged countenance, in his own church, filled in every part 
with attentive hearers of the Gospel. And he seemed to 
me, more than repaid for his outlay in what he appeared to 
enjoy. His good old wife sat beside him, and though up- 
wards of seventy years of age, had walked more than two 
miles through the mud to hear the precious gospel. And 
after niglit services were over, the pious old lady came up 
to me leading her married daughter, who, she said, had been 
brought to God by my preaching; and with an overflowing 
heart she thanked me, and said: 'Sir, I feel like shouting 
like a Methodist, I feel so happy, though T am a Baptist.' 

''On another occasion he visited the miners at Pevtona, on 

IN West Virginia. 183 

Big Coal river. We omit a description of the utter desti- 
tution of that region, as testified to by the best authority. 
The State senator from that place was kind enough to ex- 
ert himself in his behalf, and hunt him up a place to preach 
in an old house called 'The White Oak,' Just on the banks 
of the river, in the midst of some tall pines, the primitive 
growth of the forest. 'He also very kindly accompanied me 
around to houses of the miners, to invite them to attend 
preaching at the hour we had appointed; and to my surprise 
I found several who were Church-of -England people, had their 
English prayer books, and were rejoiced to hear that I was 
a minister of that church. They wanted their children bap- 
tized, and a thousand other things they had to say, so over- 
joyed were they, to which T had not time to listen. I had 
an excellent congregation at old White Oak. I was treated 
with great respect and attention; and, services being over, 
was pressed to come up again and preach, and they said 
they would build me a church better than old White Oak. 
I have since received many invitations from these simple 
hearted miners to come and preach again for them.' 

''The committee hopes that the Convention is not wearied 
with the length of this report. It seemed impossible to pass, 
by such interesting details, and may we not suppose that 
others could give us a similar experience? Surely enough, 
has been said to show the demand for more work and more 
workers, and to justify us in the hope that the Diocese will 
gladly aid, by an enlarged liberality, to enable us to engage 
in more enterprizes of the kind. There is but one way to 
extend the usefulness of the Church, by the missionary ac- 
tivity of those whom God has blessed with the pos'session 
of His precious gospel. There is but one way for the Church 
to prosper at home ,and its members to grow in grace, and 
in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, by 
their giving their prayers, their means, their time and 
strength to the blessed work of Christian missions." 

The treasurer reports |498 received for the contingent 
fund from the churches. Of the parishes reported as de- 

184 The Episcopal Church 

linquent the three in Putnam county, and the three in 
Hampshire county, were no doubt practically extinct. 

Parochial Reports: 

Mr. D. H. Conrad, Lay Reader and Sr. Warden, Trinity 
Ohurch, Martinsburg, reports : 

Mt, Zion Church, Hedgesville—The vestry of the Church 
have made no return of the state of the membership; but 
liave sent on by the subscriber their contribution to the 
Bishop's fund. The Convention is referred to the last report 
of the Rev. R. T. Davis, as the probable condition at pres- 
ent of the church as to the number of communicants, &c. 

Trinity Church, Martinshurg — Baptisms 4; communicants 
59; Sunday school teachers 7; scholars 40. Having no Rec- 
tor, no account has been kept of the contributions. The us- 
ual collections have been taken up in Church, and individ- 
uals have sent on their customary subscriptions to be ap- 
plied to objects in connection with the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church; and perhaps, in many instances to the usual 
objects not in connection with the Protestant Episcopal 

Since the last of September, 1859, the Churches in Mar- 
tinsburg, and Hedgesville (Trinity and Mt. Zion) have been 
without a pastor, the Rev. Richard T. Davis having at that 
time resigned his charge, and removed to Orange Court 
House, Virginia. The Rev. Dr. Andrev/s has, upon two oc- 
casions officiated for us at night after his service in Shep- 
herdstown; and once administered the Holy Communion in 
Trinity Church. The subscriber, under the authority of the 
Bishop, has officiated as Lay Reader regularly in both par- 
ishes, on alternate Sundays. He believes with only one 
omission at Hedgesville, or perhaps two during an absence 
in Philadelphia. He has also conducted the congregational 
prayer meetings on Thursday evenings in Martinsburg, with- 
out intermission; and has officiated as superintendent of 
the Sunday school in Martinsburg and taught on Sunday af- 
ternoons, a Bible class, first of young women, and recently 
of young men. But it would be vastly better for the 

IN West Virginia. 185 

churches, if they could secure the services of an ordained, 
and properly qualified minister of the Gospel. All our ef- 
forts hitherto to secure one, have been, so far, unavailing. 

The Rev. W. T. Leavell, Rector of Wickliffe Church, re- 
ports preaching occasionally at Kabletov^^n. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown — Rev. C. W. Andrews, Rec- 
tor. Baptisms 9; communicants 66. Sundaj' school teach- 
ers 10; scholars 80; families 25. Contributions 1571.93. 

Norhorne Parish, Jefferson and Berkeley Counties, Middleway 
— Rev. Wm. McGuire, Rector. Baptisms 1; communicants 
36; families 21. Contributions |83.67. 

Zion Church, Charlestoicn — Rev. Charles E. Ambler, Rec. 
tor. Baptisms 10; communicants 108. In two Sunday schools 
teachers 22; scholars 120. Contributions |1,710.09. 

St. Mark's Church, Coalsmouth — Rev. Alonzo J. M. Hudson, 
Rector. Baptisms 5; communicants 11; Sunday school teach- 
ers 8; scholars 36; families 17. Contributions |93.67. 

The present Rector took charge of this Church at the be- 
ginning of April, 1859. It had been some eight years without 
a minister, but lay reading and the Sunday School were kept 
up by the Senior Warden, Col. F. Thompson. There are now 
twenty-two candidates for confirmation. Much ha^s been done 
towards repairing and improving the parsonage and grounds, 
but the amount is not jet ascertained. The tax for the Bishop 
has been neglected, but shall be attended to at once. 

Rev. Thompson L. Smith, reports: 

St. John's Church, Kanawha Parish — Baptisms 10; communi- 
cants 53; Sunday school teachers 11; scholars 70; families 35. 
Contributions |499.76. 

St. Luke's Church, Kanawha Parish — Baptisms 1; communi- 
cants 21. Contributions for rebuilding Church |188.00. 

St. Paul's Church, St. Paul's Parish, Lewis County — Rev. T. 
H. Smythe, Rector. Baptisms 19 (10 colored infants) ; commu- 
nicants 31; Sunday school teachers 10; scholars 55; families 
30. Contributions |800. 

Of the Convention Fund, f7.00 came from the Church in 
Clarksburg. I have had charge of that Parish but a short 

186 The Episcopal Chukgh 

time, and am unable positive!}' to give the number of its com- 
municants. The |S00 mentioned above, has been expended 
upon our parsonage, in which 1 now live. The lot and build- 
ing cost about |2,000, and bj next Christmas, if the Lord 
prospers our handiwork, I hope no man shall have any claim 
upon it. 

St. Matthetv^s Church, Wheeling — Rev. E. T. Perkins, Rector. 
Baptisms 33; communicants 188. In two Sunday schools, 
teachers 47; scholars 300. Families 125. Contributions |2,- 
003.87. There is now a class awaiting confirmation. 

St. John's Church, Wheeling — ^Rev. James Moore, Rector. 
Baptisms 9; communicants, 03. 

The present Rector took charge of the Parish on the 4th 
of October, 1859. During the Winter the Sunday school was 
well attended. Teachers 19; scholars 125. Average 94^. 
The late freshet considerably damaged the Church, which on 
account of its liability to such disasters, and for other rea- 
sons, is most unfortunately located. We were deprived of 
the use of the Church, for two weeks, and having no room 
for our Sunday school, the consequence is that the attend- 
ance of both teachers and scholars has fallen off. We trust, 
however, that we shall overcome the difficulty when we get 
fairly to work again. 

St. John's Church, St. John's Parish, Pleasants County — Rev. 
W. L. Hyland, Rector. Baptisms, 4; communicants, 12. 
Communion alms |6.29. This Parish is altogether missionary 
ground. I have oflSciated in the Church on Cow Creek, and 
in St. Mary's, the shire town of the county, once in each 
month during the past year, the congregations in both 
jjlaces have been large, and apparently much interested in 
the services. Our few friends there are much encouraged 
by the renewal of the monthly services and seem disposed 
to do all in their power to make these services effectual for 
good to tlie wl'ole community. The statistics of this Parish 
during the eighteen months Rectorship, of the Rev. Mr. Cole- 
man are included by him in his report of Trinity Parish, Par- 

IN West Virginia. 187 

Trinifj/ Church, Parkersburg — Rev. W. L. Hyland, Hector. 
Baptisms 5; communicants 45; Sunday scliool teachers 8; fam- 
ilies 25. Contributions, |228.43. The present Rector took 
charge of this Parish during the session of the last Conven- 
tion, and the above report embraces onlj' the past year. I 
enclose the report of my predecessor, Rev. Thos, K. Coleman, 
and would only remark concerning it, that the Parish in 
Pleasants county seems to be included in it. Several families 
named by Mr. Coleman as belonging to this Parish, and a 
number enrolled by him as communicants, 1 have been unable 
to find. 

Report of Trinity Parish, Parkcrshury, for IS months — Rev. 
Thos. K. Coleman, Rector. Baptisms 13 ; communicants found 
on Register 28; added during vacancy 11; during my Rector- 
ship 23; by confirmation 17; removed 11; withdrawn 1; died 
3; present number 64. Confirmed 17. Sunday school teach- 
ers 6; scholars 40; also the catechism is taught openly in the 
Church each week. Families 45. Contributions $300. Began 
service INfay 10, 1857; and resigned November 13, 1858. 
Convention of 1861. St. Paul's Church, Richmond, Va., May II. 

Bishop Meade preached the opening sermon: (Gen. 47:8, 9.) 

Bishop John's presided. 

No representation present from West Virginia. 

From Bishop Meade's report: "Between the close of our 
last convention in Charlottesville, and the annual exercises 
of the Theological Seminary, 1 visited all the congregations 
in Western Virginia. As they have also been visited by our 
Diocesan Missionary, Mr. Kepler, and by Dr. Minnigerode, 
at the request of the Bishop, and more recently by Bishop 
Johns, all of whom will have more or less to communicate 
concerning them, I will only state that my confirmations in 
the different places amounted to seventy-nine in all." 

From Bishop Johns' Report: "June 5. I preached at Bun- 
ker Hill. 6th. I preached in Trinity, Martinsburg. 7th. I 
preached in Mt. Zion, Hedgesville and confirmed one. 8th. 
I preached in Trinity Church, Shepherdstown. 9th. I preach- 
ed in Grace Church, Middleway. 10th. I preached in Zion 

188 The Episcopal Church 

Cbiu'ch, Charlestown and confirmed twelve. 12th. In the 
evening, after a sermon by the Kev. Mr. Suter, I adrdessed 
the same congregation. July 25. Accompanied by the Rev. 
R. H. Mason, 1 entered on a visitation and missionary tour 
in the counties of Bath, Greenbrier and Monroe. August 1, 
I preached at the White Sulphur and baptized an infant. 

4th. At Union, I preached in the Methodist Church in 
the morning, and Mr. Mason in the afternoon. 5th. Morning 
and afternoon we alternated in the same place. 6th. In the 
Presbyterian Church in the morning, I preached and confirm- 
ed 3 ; after which, assisted by Mr. Mason, I administered the 
Lord's Supper. In the afternoon Mr. Mason baptized three 
colored children, and I preached to the servants. 

Through the indefatigable exertions of Miss Caperton, a 
suitable lot has been secured and the means obtained to erect 
a church in Union. If I am not mistaken, the building is un- 
der contract, and soon, the friends who have been so devoted 
to this enterprise will have the satisfaction of occupying 
their own house of worship. At night I preached at the Salt 
Sulphur Spring. 

April 12. I preached at Fairmont at night and also the next 
morning, confirming six. 14th. I preached in St. John's, 
Wheeling, and confirmed nine; at night in St. Matthew's and 
confirmed seventeen. 15th. I preached in Christ Church, 
Wellsburg. 16th. I preached in St. John's, Brooke county. 
Though the roads were scarcely passable, and the snow^ was 
falling fast, the congregation was there in goodly numbers; 
and though without a minister for now more than two 
years, yet I had the satisfaction of confirming 11 persons 
presented by the Rev. Mr. Perkins, who had kindly visited 
this Parish, and conversed with those who desired to renew 
their baptismal promise and vow. This congregation, so 
steadfast, and growing under most unfavorable circumstan- 
ces, will deserve the generous consideration and aid of the 
Diocesan Missionary Society. In addition to the other grat- 
ifications of this visit, I must mention the presence of my 
venerable friend, the Rev. Dr. Morse, of Steubenville. Ohio, 

IN West VirgixNia. 189 

accompanied by the Rev. B. Christian, and the Rev. S. W. 
McCarty, of the same Diocese, who, notwithstanding the in- 
clemency' of the day, came over on horseback to unite in the 
services at St. John's. We returned with the good Doctor 
to his hospitable home and were kindly refreshed on our 
way to Wheeling. 

17th. I preached at Moundsville in the morning, and at 
night in St. Matthew's, ^V heeling, when I confirmed six per- 
sons, belonging to St. John's, Wheeling. liOth. I preached 
at Cow Creek, and confirmed three. 21st. I preached in Trin- 
it}', Parkersburg, and confirmed seven, at night I preached 
again in the same church. 28d. I preached at Ravenswood. 
24th. My appointment was at Pt. Pleasant at night. Owing to 
a strong head wind the progress of the boat was so impeded 
that we did not reach the Point till about 9 o'clock. We 
went immediately to the church, where services had been con- 
ducted by the Rev. ]\Iessrs. Smith and Sturgis, the congrega- 
tion were singing the last hymn as I entered the chancel. At 
the close, in compliance with my request they resumed their 
seats,, and afforded me an opportunity to account for my late 
arrival, and to speak to them a word of exhortation. 

At Wheeling, the painful intelligence which reached us 
from the East, strongly inclined me to return. This feeling 
was increased at Parkersburg, but as we received no letter 
mail, and I could obtain no reply to a telegram which I sent 
to Alexandria, I resolved to keep on until I was overtaken, 
by some positive and decided information. This was not 
long in coming. It was brought down the riAer by the boat 
on which I left Ravenswood, but too late to change my direc- 
tion. I therefore kept on to Point Pleasant, sixty miles, offi- 
ciated there, as related, took passage up the river at 2 a. m. 
on Thursday, April 25, and by travelling day and night reach- 
ed the Seminary Hill by 10 p. m., the next day, though the 
usual route through Washington being obstructed, I was 
obliged to diverge at the Point of Rocks, and return by the 
way of Leesburg. On arriving at home, I found that some o\ 
the students of the Seminarv, whose residence was in the 

190 The Episcopal Church 

North, had thought it expedient, under existing circumstances 
to return to their homes. The parting from their professors 
and fellow students, was with many tears and mutual pray- 
ers. May Grod in His mercy direct and prosper them in their 
preparatory studies elsewhere, and make them able and suc- 
cessful ministers of His glorious gospel. 

I must express my great regret at having had to forego 
a few of the appointments of my recent visitation of the 
Western portion of the Diocese, particularly those at Weston 
and Clarksburg, which on my former visitation, I had prov- 
identially been prevented from reaching, and where there 
are a number of persons who desire to be confirmed. I can 
only say, that it will be my pleasure to avail myself of the 
earliest opportunity to visit those Churches, and render such 
services as may be required. 

Every visit in that section of the Diocese impresses me 
more and more with the importance of making it the field 
of prompt, earnest and strong missionary labor. It peculiarly 
needs this, and under God's blessing, will, in due time, rec- 
om.pense for any liberal outlay which may be made. I trust 
the door will soon be opened for this Christian enterprise, and 
men and means be furnished to prosecute it as it deserves." 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reports: Cash paid 
Rev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg, $150; cash paid Rev. H. S. 
Kepler (at large) $1,706.02. Rome of Mr. K"s time was spent 
in West Virginia. Cash paid Rev. Thompson L. Smith, Kan- 
awha, 189.13; cash paid Rev. Thompson L. Smith (as mission- 
ary at large), |400; cash paid Rev. G. B. Sturgis, Pt. Pleas- 
ant and Mercer's Bottom, |150; cash paid Rev. Wm. McGuire, 
Middleway, $50; cash paid Rev. A. J. M. Judson, Coalsmouth, 
$100; cash paid Rev. T. H. Smyth, W^eston, $200; cash paid 
Rev. R. H. Mason, traveling expenses, $27.90; cash paid Rev. 
Dr. Minnigerode (missionary tour), $74.05; cash paid Rev. D. 
J. Lee, Fairmont, $206.25. 

Received from little girls: Charleston, Kanawha, $1.00; 
Trinity Church, Martinsburg, $10.25; Mt. Zion, Hedgesville, 
$8.41; Charlestown, $110.50; Shepherdstown, $81.58; Bunker 

IN West Virginia. 191 

Hill, $7; Middleway, |5; Cliiirch at Union, |27; Morgantown, 
Mr. Jno. Rogers, |20; Moundsville, |10; St. John's, Brooke 
county, 110.01; Wellsburg, |7.35; Ravenswood, Mrs. Henri- 
etta Fitzhugli and daughters fo.OO; Weston, |8; Fairmont, 
Mrs. Mary G. Watson, |10; Christ Church, Fairmont, |9.10; 
Clarksburg, |3.05; St. John's, Brooke county, $3.25; Parkers- 
burg, 110.50; St. John's, Charleston, |12; Sunday School, |3; 
St. Mark's, Coalsmouth, |5; Point Pleasant, |5.20; Grace 
Church, Ravenswood, |7.05; St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, 
Sunday School, |50; Trinity, Martinsburg, |20.44; Christ 
Church Fairmont, |4.55; St. John's, Wheeling, |24.85; Trin- 
ity, Parkersburg, $15.33; Grace, Ravenswood, |3.25. Total, 

Parochial Reports: 

Rev. Wm. D. Hanson reports: 

Mt. Zion Church, Hedgesvllh' — Baptisms 6; communicants 
73; contributions, |36.76; Sunday school teachers 8; scholars 

Trinity Church, Martinshurg — Communicants 48; Sunday 
school teachers 9; scholars 35. Contributions |79.27. 

Christ Church, Clarksburg— Re\. Thos. H. Smyth, Rector. 
Baptisms 7; communicants 14; Sunday school teachers 6; 
scholars 30. Contributions 1152.50. I have been officiating 
in this Parish on alternate Sundays, for more than a year, in 
which time I have baptized five adults. The interest mani- 
fested in the Church, and the attendance at worship, were 
quite encouraging, the first part of the year ; but the gloom 
resting upon the nation, has settled upon the minds of the 
people, and paralyzed their energies in religious matters, as 
in everything else. The prospect at present is dark for doing 
the Lord's work; but our trust is in Him who hath put in 
His own power all times and seasons. 

St. Paul's Church, Weston—Rey. Thos. H. Smyth, Rector. 
Baptisms 16; communicants 32; confirmed 6; Sunday school 
teachers 9; scholars 60. Contributions |158. 

There was a larger class than usual here, and also several 
candidates at Clarksburg awaiting confirmation, but owing 

192 The Episcopal Church 

to the troubled state of the countrj'-, Bishop Johns could not 
visit lis. This second disappiontment has discouraged me 
not a little, and I am afraid materially injured the churches 
under my care. There is a great deficiency in the Conven- 
tion fund, although I have done my best for this," and every 
other year to collect it, both by notice from the pulpit and 
personal application, but there are some w^ho cannot and 
others who will not pay. 

Grace Church, Ravenstvood Parish — Rev. W. L. Hyland, Rec- 
tor. Baptisms 2; communicants 18. I am unable to state 
the sums collected, either for objects connected with the 
Parish, or those in connection with the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. A collection was taken up for the Education Soci- 
ety, by Bishop Meade, and by Bishop Johns for the Diocesan 
Missionary Society. Dr. Minnigerode and Mr. Kepler, also 
received contributions, if I mistake not for the Missionary 
Society of Virginia. The Communion alms were placed in the 
hands of a member of the vestry, the amount of which, to- 
gether with the contributions for repairs on the church, I do 
not recollect. The Sunday school is still kept up by some zeal- 
ous ladies and contains about forty scholar's. I commenced 
officiating for this congregation some time last summer, and 
have visited it once in each month since. The time of my 
appointment is the Wednesday on or preceding the full moon, 
I have reported the whole number of communicants although 
eight or nine of them never attend the services, in conse- 
quence of their remotenesis from the Church. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstown — Rev. C. W. Andrews, Rec- 
tor. Baptisms 8; communicants 87 (of which 5 colored); Sun- 
day school teachers 16 ; scholars 90. Contributions |391. 

Zio7i Church, Charlestown — Rev. C. E. Ambler, Rector. Bap- 
tisms 6; communicants 109 (of which 2 colored); Sunday 
school teachers IS; scholars 140. Contributions |455.82. 

Alex. T. Laidley, Secretary and Junior AVarden, St. John's 
Church reports: 

St. John's Church, Kanawha Parish — Baptisms 9; commu- 

IN West Virginia. 193 

nicants 60; Sunday school teachers 14; scholars 55; contribu- 
tions $12. 

St. Luke^s Church, Kanawha Parish — Baptisms 2; communi- 
cants 19. Since the 2nd of December last, these churches 
have been without a Rector. The vestry of St. John's has 
made arrangements for the support of a minister, and as soon 
as the service of one can be had he will be called. 

The disturbed condition of the country, precludes the prob- 
ability of procuring one for the present. The late Rector, 
still resides in Charleston, and in his vocation as missionary 
at large, for this part of Western Virginia, gives us an occa- 
sional service. It is a deplorable state of things for us; but 
we hope, when the events through which we are now passing 
shall have subsided, and under the blessing of Divine Prov- 
idence, peace to our distracted country, shall be restored, we 
may revive. There is no part of our State, where the Church 
can do so much good as in this valley; and we pray that our 
Eastern brethren may extend to us a helping hand. 

We intend to keep our church organization, having, at the 
nsual period, on Easter Monday last, elected a new vestry; 
and afterwards the vestry met, organized and appointed the 
usual officers for the ensuing year. 

Trinity Church Parish, Marshall County — Rev. David J. Lee, 
M. D., Rector. Baptisms 3; communicants 22; contributions 
1428.65 (of this |400 for lot for new Church and Rectory). 

The Rector has had charge of this Parish but nine months, 
having resigned April 21, 1861 ; during which time the congre- 
gations have been much increased, and much interest awak- 
ened in the interests of the Church. With a view to more 
extended efforts, several of the vestrymen have purchased 
a fine location for a new Church, Rectory and Seminary, 
which will be begun as soon as peace shall be restored to our 
unhappy country, and the financial pressure removed. 

St. John's Church, St. John's Parish, Pleasants County — Rev. 
W. L. Hyland, Rector. Communicants 16; confirmed 3; Com- 
munion alms |3.25. 

The services in this Parish have been once in each month, 

194 The Episcopal Church 

as reported to the Convention last year. The congreg^ations 
in the church on Cow Creek, and in St. Mary's, have been 
remarkable large and attentive, and, although little fruit ha& 
thus far been developed, I am nevertheless, persuaded that 
there is in both places ground for hope and encouragement. 
More frequent services vrould doubtless be productive of 
much good. But alas! while the harvest is great the laborers 
are but few. We have no house of worship in St. Mary's, but 
our Methodist friends have generously accommodated us with 
the use of their church; and for their kindness, the Kector re- 
turns for himself and people their grateful acknowledgments. 
Trinity Church, Trinity Parish, Wood County — Rev. W. L. 
Hyland, Eector. Baptisms 3; communicants 57; confirmed 10; 
Sunday school teachers 8; scholars 49; contributions |1,- 
414.50 (of which |167.05 for repairs on church, and |1, 140.92 
for Parsonage fund). Six communicants not reported above, 
were actually residing within the bounds of this parish at the 
last Convention and had, most likely been reported to the 
convention by the first two rectors of the Parish. They have 
never attended the services of the church, in this place, 
since 1 became Rector of it, and are not likely to do so in 
the future, in consequence of the remoteness of their resi- 
dence from Parkersburg. One of them attends occasionally 
at the church on Cow Creek, in Pleasants county, and was 
reported last year as a communicant of St. John's Parish in 
that county. 

One thousand dollars of the sum above reported, as contrib- 
uted to the Parsonage Fund was given by Judge Rathbone,. 
one of the oldest communicants of the Parish, as a thank- 
ofiCering for the abundance of wealth of which he has become 
possessed, in consequence of the recent discovery of large 
quantities of coal oil on his farm near this town. This gener- 
ous donation, has greatly stimulated the ladies in their ef- 
forts to procure a suitable home for their minister, and it is 
expected, that their work will be accomplished this season. 
It will be done, God favoring the undertaking, unless the un- 

IN West Virginia. 195 

settled condition of our distracted and unhappy country 
should prevent it. 

Convention of 1862. St. Paul's, Richmond, Va. 

Bishop Johns presided. Bishop Meade died March 0, 1862. 
Present 25 clergy and 15 laity. None from West Virginia. 

Only 28 Parishes reported — none from West Virginia. Con- 
firmed 132. Communicants 2,355. Contributions $21,143.35. 

The Diocesan Missionary Society reports as from Trinity 
Church, Shepherdstown -flO; Zion Church, Charlestown, |15j 
Mr. J. Rogers, Morgantown, |20. 

The treasurer reports |3.00 from Zion Church, Charlestown 
for contingent fund. 

In his address under date of June 22, 1862, Bishop Johns- 
says: "The battles in front of Richmond, which had now be- 
gun, left me in no doubt as to the place of duty. Suspending 
all other services, I hastened to the city, to unite with my 
brethren of the clergy, in such ministrations as might be 
needed by the wounded and the djing. The signal successes, 
with which it pleased Abnighty God to crown our arms, ef- 
fectually relieved our beleaguered metropolis, and the men- 
acing hosts were driven into a position, where from the 
demoralization of defeat and the fatal malaria of the region, 
their remaining numbers were so reduced, that their formal 
withdrawal was hardly noticeable. In the midst of our joy 
and gratitude, there was great cause for lamentation. Many 
noble men, had fallen in our defense, and more wounded were 
conveyed to the hospitals in and around Richmond. 

The scenes of suffering, which resulted from these con- 
flicts, verified the saying of one of the greatest generals, that 
'next to the sorrow of losing a battle, is i he sorrow of gain- 
ing one.' Yet, these sufferings furnished occasion for the 
manifestation of some of the finest phases of character, in the 
uncomplaining spirit, with which they were borne, and the 
grateful, tender and efficient sympathy and care which they 
promptly received. 

Our own Diocesan Society has enlarged its operations both 

196 The Episcopal Church 

by increasing the number of its hospital missionaries, and by 
the purchase and publication of books and tracts for the 
benefit of our soldiers. 

November 10. Accompanied by the clerical and lay depu- 
ties from this Diocese to the first General Council, I left 
Kichmond for Augusta, Georgia. The Council continued in 
session ten days. Its chief business consisted in the ratifica- 
tion of our Book of Common Prayer, with only the substitu- 
tion of "Confederate" for "United'' and of "Council" for 
"Convention," where such alteration was required; reserving 
for future consideration, any other changes or amendments, 
not affecting any essential point of doctrine, discipline or 
v/orship, which might be deemed expedient; and in addition 
to this, in the adoption of a Digest of Eevised Canons, &c. 
This will be found to differ but little from our old code. The 
only variations being such as experience had suggested and 
prespicuousness and consistency required. 

Before closing this report I must again exhort to certain 
special services of Christian sympathy and love, to which we 
are called by the great and eventful conflict, in which our 
country is engaged. In those sections of our State, which have 
been invaded and devastated by the enemy, parishes and con- 
gregations previously flourishing and efficient, have been sad- 
ly impoverished and disabled. If they are to continue to 
enjoy those ministrations of the Church, to whidh they have 
been accustomed, and which they dearly prize, they must be 
generously aided by their brethren, who have not been (sub- 
jected to such spoliations. These devastated parishes are 
now, in a measure missionary ground, and rendered so by a 
painful dispensation, which must endear them exceedingly to 
their more favored brethren. For this cause I ask your fer- 
vent prayers, and increased pecuniary support, for our Dio- 
cesan Missionary Society." 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Murdough, it was resolved that the 
clergy and laity, present in this Council, mark with regret 
the absence of loved brethren, with whom it has long been 
their privilege to gather in annual meeting, and in the name 

IN West Virginia. 197 

of the church, in the Diocese of Virginia, send messages of 
love and greeting, in Christ, to ministers and brethren from 
whom God's Providence is now separating them, with prayerg 
for a speedy restoration of our full communion. 

In his address, 1862, Bishop John's says: ''I concluded to 
suspend the regular routine of visitation, and wait the indi- 
cations of Providence as to the action which the interests of 
the Diocese might require. With this view, after the ad- 
journment of the last Convention, I returned immediately to 
my late residence, hoping also that by being there, I might 
counsel and cooperate with the Professors of the Seminary, 
and the Principal of the High School, for the protection of 
the valuable property, in that vicinity. This arrangement 
was of brief duration. 

On Friday morning, May 24th, (1861), at an early hour the 
Federal forces took possession of Alexandria. It was now 
evident that I could no longer remain there, unless I was 
prepared to be separated from the Diocese and restricted in 
my official duties. In two hours, after the invasion, I was on 
the road with those of my family who had not previously re- 
moved. We went forth not knowing whither, but satisfied 
that we should find shelter and service where God had ap- 
pointed. The first night, we passed with our friends at Chan- 
tilly. Saturday brought us to Warrenton, already crowded 
with refugees. 

July 14. During this week I visited the camp at Manassas, 
and united with the Rev. Mr. Barten in conducting religious 
services for the soldiers. The meeting was at night in front 
of one of their tents. There were many present. The solem- 
nity with which many gave attention to the addresses, the 
effect of their voices in open air as they joined in singing the 
appropriate hymns, the place, the hour, all combined to ren- 
der the scene peculiarly impressive. It was the last service 
in which some of them were privileged to unite. But one 
day intervened, between it and the engagement, and four be- 
tween it and the great battle of Manassas, where they fell 
in defense of their country. July 21. I preached in St. James' 

198 The Episcopal Church 

Churcli, Warrenton, within hearing of the cannon, and with, 
in sight of the clouds of smoke and dust of the eventful con- 
flict which has rendered that day memorable. At night I 
officiated for the servants in the Lecture Room, but the ex- 
ercises were often interrupted by the intense excitement pro- 
duced by tidings from the battle ground, tidings of sorrow 
indeed for the slain, but of gratitude and joy for the signal 
success with which God had crowned our arms. 

July 23. I delivered a funeral address to a large concourse 
of citizens, in the Court house yard, in Warrenton, who had 
assembled to render their tribute of respect to the mortal 
remains of four of the soldiers who had fallen at Manassas. 
One of them, the worthy officer, on whose arm I had leaned, 
just one week before, in passing through the encampment to 
the religious service which I have mentioned. Many hearts 
were severely afflicted by this bereavement, and, deeply felt 
that the miseries of war are inseparable from its most bril- 
liant victories. 

October 14 and 15. Were occupied in reaching Columbia, 
South Carolina, the place designated for the meeting of the 
Provisional Convention, for framing a Constitution, for the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States. 

Since the first of December, my residence has been in Rich- 
mond. This has enabled me to devote the afternoon of every 
Sunday to St. Philips' Church, which has been erected for the 
use of servants, by the contributions of a few liberal mem- 
bers of our congregations in this city. It has also, afforded 
me an opportunity of visiting the sick soldiers in our hospit- 
als, ministering from cot to cot, and assembling the conva- 
lescent for social worship. In these services I engaged daily 
and with increasing interest. 

On Friday the 14th of March, (1862), at 7 a. m., it pleased 
Almighty God, to remove from us our venerable and beloved 
Bishop, whom He had chosen to cherish our Church in Vir- 
ginia, during its infancy, to aid in bringing it up in the nur- 
ture and admonition of the Lord, and long honored and blest 
as its chief pastor. The habit which forms bv duration, and 

IN West Virginia. 199 

the love which excellence and usefulness inspire and invig- 
orate, had so bound and endeared him to us all, that the 
thought of being without him was not seriously entertained, 
and we were ill prepared for the afflictive separation. Per- 
haps we ought to have been more discerning, and gathered 
premonitions from the significant service, with which our last 
Convention was opened. When the Bishop under a solemn 
sense of appropriateness and duty, officiating as preacher 
delivered his semi-centenary discourse, spoke of the experi- 
ence of his long and eventful life, with the deep humility of 
a sage — that the benefit of his carefully acquired knowledge 
might accrue to us — ^there was inipressively evident 'a ripe- 
ness and perfectness of age in Christ,' which might have ad- 
vised us, that his maturity for Heaven was attained, and 'the 
time of his departure at hand.' For many years his 
bodily infirmities, though they did not abate his intellectual 
labors, or suspend the use of his pen, but only rendered them 
more abundant and beneficial, yet they did deprive us of his 
impressive services in the pulpit. His capability for these, 
however, was recently restored, and in that memorable dis- 
course, there was an unction of piety, and a rich melody of 
religious thought, in which our ears have recognized the dy- 
ing notes of our aged apostle. He has since finished his 
course in peace and hope, and adding to his wholesome ex- 
ample and salutory instructions of his self-denying and labo- 
rious life, the solemn zeal of a fearless death. It was my priv- 
ilege to minister to him during his sickness, receive his dying 
testimony, watch his waning strength, catch his expiring 
breath, and then close those eyes, which in an intimate as- 
sociation of twenty years, had never been turned on mine and 
men's, but in true friendship and tender love. 

The particulars of his illness, and his dying testimony to 
his brethren and country, I have communicated in the ad- 
dress delivered at the funeral. That testimony will be long 
and religiously preserved as a precious legacy of a christian 
patriot to the church and people whose prosperity was so 
dear to his breast, both in life and in death. May our devo- 

200 The Episcopal Church 

ted love for our departed Father in God, and our sympathy 
in sorrow under our sore bereavement, be so sanctified, as to 
unite us in closer Christian affection, and animate us to great- 
er zeal and diligence in the cause of our Lord and Master, 
that we 'lose not those things that have been wrought,' but 
may behold his pleasure still prospering in our hands. 

In closing this statement, it becomes me, to express my 
gratitude lor the kind Providence which has directed and sus- 
tained me amidst the disturbances and trials of the year, and 
given me opportunity and strength for the services reported. 

We miss from our Convention this morning, some of our 
brethren of the clergy and laity, whose attendance in years 
past has been so regular, that we may be assured, nothing but 
circumstances beyond their control would detain them now. 
Though we lose the comfort of their presence and the bene- 
fit of their counsel, we know that they are still with us in 
heart, and striving together with us in prayer, that God 
would remove the existing hindrances to the advancement of 
his church, and grant that "the course of this world may be 
so ordered by His governance that peace and happiness, 
truth and justice, religion and piety may be established among 
us for all generations.' 

How long the eventful struggle in which we are engaged 
is to continue or to what sacrifice and suffering it may expose 
us in its progress, it is for God, in His wise and merciful prov- 
idence to determine. It is our part and place, to be at His 
feet in sincere humiliation for our sins, with filial trust 
in His mercy, and persevering prayer for His protection and 
deliverance. Thus committing our country and ourselves in- 
to the hands of our covenant God, we may hopefully abide the 

Convention of 1863. St. Paul's, Richmond, May 20. 

Bishop Johns presiding. 

Forty-nine clergy and thirty laity present. None from 
West Virginia. 

IN West Virginia. 201 

Sixty-five reports showing 4,578 communicants and |83,- 
312.40 contributed. 

Contributions reported from West Virginia: For Dioce- 
san missions, Mrs. M. Harrison, Salt Sulphur, |5.00; Rev. Dr. 
Andrews, Shepherdstown, |25; Mrs. H. B. Caperton, $10. 

Convention of 1864. St. Paul's, Richmond, May 18. 

Bishop Johns presided. 

Present : Twenty-six clergy and fourteen laity. None from 
West Virginia. 

Twenty-eight Parochial reports received: Communicants 
2,322; confirmed 442; contributions |61,153.45 in Confederate 
currency. The Bishops salary was increased to |10,000. 

The Treasurer, Mr. John Stewart, reports as received for 
the contingent fund, Jefferson, Zion Church, from an officer 
C. S. A. Navy in full for 1863 and all past arrears, through 
Mrs. R. C. Jones, $125.00. 

Jefferson (Rev. Dr. Andrews) Shepherdstown, through the 
Rev. Dr. Minningerode, including $10 in bank notes, $200.00; 
received premium on above $10 from broker $20. 

Bishop John's in his address, says: "It may be proper in 
this connection to introduce a letter received by flag of truce, 
a few weeks since, from a clergyman officiating in one of our 
congregations within the lines of the enemy. It will explain 
itself, and my reply contains the only answer I felt at liberty 
to ret urn. 

Washington City, Jan. 27, 1864. 
Rt. Rev. John Johns, D. D. 

My Dear Bishop: — ^It is very important to the interest of 
St. Matthews Parish, (Wheeling) that we should have an 
Episcopal visitation, and inasmuch as you, our own beloved 
Bishop are kept from us, and may be kept from us for years 
by the war, we are constrained to beg that you will give your 
consent, to our inviting a Bishop to officiate in your stead. 
Will you not give us a discretionary power, as to the selec- 

202 The Episcopal Church 

tion of a Bishop? We shall conform as nearly as practica- 
ble to your known wishes on the subject. 

Affectionately your humble servant, 

Thos. G. Addison. 


Richmond, Feb. 13, 1864. 

Eev. and Dear Brother: — Your letter, by flag of truce, has 
just reached me, and I hasten to assure you, that I fully re- 
ciprocate the Idndnes's which it expresses, and that I retain 
an unabated interest for the good people of your charge. It 
is truly gratifying to know that the unhappy disturbances of 
the times have left unimpaired our higher relations and the 
Ohristian feeling which they involve. It is now nearly three 
years since I visited Wheeling. It may be long before the 
country is sufficiently settled to enable me to officiate there 
again. Whilst I trust I shall ever be unwilling to obtrude 
myself, where I have no right to appear, or where my services 
are not desired, I am ready to discharge my duty as for as 
possible to the whole Diocese. If therefore those who have 
the power with you, will, on my parole of honor, furnish me 
a safe conduct, you will soon receive such official services as 
you may require, I say this on the presumption, that those 
in authority here will not object to the arrangement, and 
with the distinct understanding, that whilst its conditions 
will be sacredly observed by me, they are not to conflict with 
my obligations to the government under which I live. I 
make this overture in good faith, and leave the result to His 
disposal, who orders all things well. If it is regarded fa- 
vorably, you will of course apprise me. If otherwise, I 
shall at least have the 'satisfaction of knowing that it is from 
no remissness on my part, that a i>ortion of my cure is de- 
prived of Episcopal services. 

Yours truly, 

J. JOHNS, &c. 

Rev. Thos. G. Addison. 

IN West Virginia. 203 

I know that the answer reached its destination, and was 
well received by my correspondent and others. It has, how- 
ever, so far as I am informed, led to no further action on 
their part. We must wait patiently and hopefully, till the 
good Providence of God opens the w^ay for the renewal of 
services, which I am ready to render. 

Some of the usual forms of religious activity and usefulness, 
have as you are aware, been embarrassed by the disturbances 
of the country. The closing of the ports of the Confederate 
States, deprives us of the privilege of participating in the 
support of those Foreign Missions, in the establishment of 
which our good people gladly aided, both by furnishing labor- 
ers and contributing means for their maintenance. For the 
present, we can only give ourselves to more earnest prayer, 
^that we lose not those things which we have wrought,' and 
that a great and effectual door may be early opened to us, for 
renewing our efforts in the holy enterprise of preaching the 
Gospel to every creature. We may thus preserve and invig- 
orate the true spirit of Evangelization, and be the better pre- 
pared for productive service, when it is the will of the Great 
Head of the church that we may be again thus employed. 
Thanks be to God the domestic field is open to us, and within 
our own i^iocesan limits, affords ample scope for all our 
Christian energies, and most worthy occasion for every ex- 
penditure which our means wnll allow. By position and by 
the appointment of Providence, the breast work of the Con- 
federacy is on the soil of Virginia. Here the great army of 
our defence is stationed. Its various encampments are 
thronged by the patriot sons of sister states, cheerfully en- 
during the hardships, inseparable from their service, and 
ready for any further sacrifice which their country needs. 
G-od has favored them with encouraging success, blessed 
them with an extraordinary desire for the knowledge and 
ministrations of the gospel, beyond what the Chaplains in 
commission can supply. This extensive field at our very 
doors, is white for the harvest and the laborers comparative- 

204 The Episcopal Church 

ly how few. Every pious heart, I am persuaded, must swell 
with solicitude, to share in the honor of gathering in its yield 
in the garners of the Lord. 

I take pleasure in calling attention to the good service ren- 
dered by the Missionary Society of the Diocese, not only 
through the agency of such missionaries to the camps and 
hospitals, as its funds will allow, but also by the circulation 
of its books and tracts, and more especially by preparing and 
publishing a very large edition of the Army and Navy Prayer 
Book, in form and size suited to the use of those for whom it 
is especially designed, capable of being carried in the side 
pocket of the soldier, and constituting his valuable, vade me- 
cum, on every march. 

An esteemed Professor of Theology has not intermitted his 
important services. Eesiding in Staunton, he has gathered 
around him a few students, not embraced by the conscription 
act, and instructed them, not only in the branches pertaining 
to his own department, but in those also, which belong to the 
vacant chair, and to the other, the worthy incumbent of 
which, has been providentialy detained from his duties. The 
Eev. Dr. Sparrow, is thus performing the work of three Pro- 
fessors, and is entitled to our grateful recognition of these 
voluntary and laborious services. 

In closing this statement of the affairs of the Diocese, since 
the meeting of the last Council, it behooves me to remark 
what the report itself discloses; that though we are under 
discipline, our God has not forsaken us. His chastisements 
have been mingled with many mercies, both temporal and 
spiritual. Whilst He has marvellously restrained the raging 
violence of our enemies, who proclaim their purpose of exter- 
minating our people, and possessing themselves of our coun- 
try. He has graciously visited our parishes with His salva- 
tion, and our camps with the regenerating influence of His 
gospel, 'and I therein do rejoice, yea and will rejoice.' 

But let uis not be so engrossed by the accompanying mer- 
cies, as to fail to 'hear the rod and who hath appointed it.' 
And let not the injustice and inhumanity of our foes, lead 

IN West Virginia. 205 

us to indulge the malevolence and execration and revenge, 
which such deeds so powerfully excite. Rather let us re- 
member how it is written, 'Vengeance is mine, I will repay 
saith the Lord.' Let us not be overcome of evil, but over- 
come evil with good, and God will invigorate and guide us in 
the conflict, and give us victory, with His blessing." 

Convention of 1865. St. Paul's Church, Richmond. 

Bishop Johns, presiding. 

Clergy in West Virginia: xRev. T. G. Addison, St. Mat- 
thews, Wheeling; xRev. C. E. Ambler, Zion Church, Charles 
Town; xRev. C. W. Andrews, D. D., Trinity Church, Shep- 
herdstown; Rev. J. F. Curtis, Moundsville; Rev. Isaac Gibson, 
assistant, Zion, Charles Town; Rev. W. D. Hanson, Trinity 
Church, Martinsburg; xRev. W. L. Hyland Trinity Church, 
Parkersburg; xRev. W. F. M. Jacobs, St. John's Church, 
Charleston; Rev. W. T. Leavell, Wickliffe Parish, Kabletown; 
xRev. T. B. Maury, Missionary, Ravenswood; Rev. J. J. Page, 
Christ Church, Clarksburg; Rev. J. F. Woods, IMoundsville. 

Those marked x present. 

Lay Delegates present: Augustine J. Smith, Trinity 
Church, Jefferson county. 

Bishop Johns in his address says: "During the past year 
my visitations were frequently interfered with by interrup- 
tions of the lines of travel, and other causes connected with 
the war. All of my appointments for May 1864, were thus 
frustrated, and my services were necessarily confined to the 
servants of the plantation on which I resided, and others in 
the vicinity. Aug. 6th the Rev. Mr. Jones accompanied me 
for a few days. It was our intention to visit Charles Town ; 
but as we approached we learned that the Federal forces 
were then entering the town; we therefore passed on to Mid- 
dleway. Here we were kindly received by Dr. Nelson, at 
whose residence I had in the evening, the privilege of uniting 
in social worship, with some of the congregation who as- 
sembled there, on hearing of my arrival. This Parish had, 
for more than a vear been without a minister. The next 

206 The Episcopal Church 

morning (Sunday) we made an early start, and proceeded 
through a desolated and apparently deserted country to 
Shepherdstown, into which* as we could obtain no information 
by the way, we entered with some anxiety, uncertain by which 
army it was occupied. We found it in possession of a few 
Confederates, but as the Union troops in large numbers 
were known to be only a few miles distant, and their advance 
expected, it was suggested that we might be interrupted in 
our proposed services, and subjected to inconvenient deten- 
tion. We concluded, howeA^er, to venture upon the experi- 
ment. The bell was rung and the congregation assembled. 
The Rev. Mr. Jones read prayers. Whilst I was preaching, a 
note was handed to the Rector, informing him that the Fed- 
eral forces were approaching the town, I was unwilling to 
leave the church without confirming those who were desir- 
ous to ratify their baptismal vows. Descending to the chan- 
cel and calling them around me, I administered the Apostolia 
rite to ten persons. The service was of peculiar interest and 
I am sure will not soon be forgotten. To return to Smith- 
field, as we intended was now deemed impracticable, and we 
made our way around by Bunker Hill to Winchester. In 
passing through Bunker Hill, I was pained to see that the 
neat little church, in which on former visitations, I had offici- 
ated, had, like many others been damaged by Occupancy for 
military purposes. 

April 16. As soon as I received reliable intelligence, (in 
Halifax county) of the entire failure of the painful and pro- 
tracted struggle for the independence of the Confederate 
States, and the re-establishment of the Federal authority, I 
felt it incumbent upon me to prepare a brief circular, ad- 
dressed to the clergy and laity of the Diocese of Virginia, 
recognizing the duty of prompt and honest obedience to the 
existing government, and the obligation to pray for 'those 
in authoritv.' 

On returning to Alexandria, I found that the buildings of 
the Theological Seminary and High School, and the residen- 
ces of the Professors were still held by the government for 

IN West Virginia. 207 

hospital purposes, but it was understood that they would be 
vacated and returned to us, in time to prepare for resuming 
the exercises of the Seminary, at about the usual period. July 
27. In Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, after a sermon by the 
Rev. Mr. Dillon, of Maryland, 1 addressed the congregation; 
and on the 29th, I preached in the same church and conflrtn- 
ed seven. 

July 30. In Martinsburg, I preached both morning and even- 
ing, and confirmed thirteen. 

Among changes the Bishop notes that the Rev. W F. M. 
Jacobs has been elected Rector of the Church in Charleston, 
Kanawha. The total number of confirmations reported, 207 
(of which 1 colored); communicants 3,261 (of which 16 are 

The Committee on the state of the Church suggested that 
immediately after the appointment of the Standing Commit- 
tees, the Council resolve itself into a committee of the whole, 
the Bishop in the chair, when each member of the Council 
shall have opportunity to present such facts and suggestions, 
as may bear upon the subject committed to the Committee on 
the state of the Church, and which are to form the basis of 
their report. 

Parochial Reports: 

Trinity Church, Martinsburg — Rev. W. D. Hanson. Baptisms 
35; (of which 6 colored); communicants 45; confirmed 13. 
Total contributions $299.00. 

WicMiffe Church — Rev. W. T. Leavell. Baptisms 4; commu- 
nicants 24 ; confirmed 2. Total contributions |174. 

Trinity Church, Shepherdstoivn — Rev. C. W. Andrews, D. D. 
Baptisms 25 ; (of which colored S) ; communicants 60 ; confirm- 
ed 19. Total contributions |8.00. 

Zion Cliurcli, Charlestoion — Rev. C. E. Ambler. Communi- 
cants 106. Total contributions |225. 

Council of 1866. St. Paul's Church, Alexandria. 

Bishop Johns presiding. Six clergy and two laymen from 
West A^irginia. In his address, the Bishop says: ''I had com- 

208 The Episcopal Church 

municated to the brethren in the Western portion of the Dio- 
cese, my intention to be with them immediately after the ad- 
journment of the General Council, and now though late in the 
season, and with necessarily short notice of my appoint- 
ments, I crossed the mountains to visit the Churches. I 
reached Parkersburg on Saturday morning, November 25, and 
at night after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Tompkins of Ken- 
tucky, I addressed the congregation in Trinity Church. 

Xovember 26. In the morning, I preached in Trinity Church, 
Parkersburg, and at the request of the Rector, baptized nine 
infants. At night I preached in the same church and con- 
firmed five. November 28. At Ravenswood I preached in 
the Presbyterian Church, Idndly loaned to us, as our own 
had been rendered unfit for use, by military occupation. No- 
vember 29 and 30, were passed in reaching Weston. At night 
after sermon by the Rev. Mr. Hyland, I addressed the congre- 
gation in St. Paul's Church. December 1. In the same Church, 
I preached in the morning and baptized two adults and three 
infants. At night I preached again, and confirmed twelve. 
December 2. Returned to Clarksburg, and the next morning 
preached in Christ Church, confirming seven. 

I cannot refrain from expressing my great gratification at 
the very cordial reception uniformly extended to me, 
throughout this partial visitation, and my regret, that it 
could not then, include all the Churches in that section of the 
Diocese. December 10. I preached morning and night in Mt. 
Zion, Hedgesville, and confirmed nine. 

December 17. In the Prayer Hall of the Theological Semi- 
nary, I admitted to Priest's orders the Rev. Josiah Curtis, of 
St. Paul's Church, Weston. 

March 27. In St. Andrew's Church, Charlestown, I preached 
and confirmed thirty-two. 

Clerical Changes : — At my request the Rev. T. B. Maury has 
taken charge of the missionary stations on the Ohio, Point 
Pleasant and Ravenswood, and I am happy to know that he 
meets with much encouragement. At Ravenswood the re- 
pairs of the Church are near completion. At Point Pleasant 


REV. WILLIAM H. MEADE, D. D., 1867. 

REV. ISAAC GIBSON, D. D., 1865. 



IN West Virginia. 209 

the good people are, very properly, exerting themselves to 
provide a parsonage, to secure permanent residence for their 
minister, and as they will need assistance, I commend the 
enterprise to the generous consideration of our good friends 
in Virginia and elsewhere, who are specially interested in 
the prosperity of the Church in that section of the Diocese. 
The Rev. Isaac Gibson and the Rev. T. M. Carson recently 
admitted to the Diaconate, are with my approval engaged, 
the first as an assistant in Zion Church, Charlestown, the 
other in missionary services at Smithfield, Leetown and Bun- 
ker Hill." 

The Council adopted the following Resolution: Whereas 
the conditions which rendered necessary, the separate or- 
ganization of the Southern Diocese no longer exists, and that 
organization has ceased by the consent and action of the Dio- 
ceses concerned; and whereas the Diocese of Virginia, un- 
changed as are her principles, deems it most proper under ex- 
isting circumstances, to resume her interrupted relations to 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, there- 
fore, - 

Resolved, That this Diocese do accordingly, now resume its 
connection with the General Convention of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States, and that the Bishop 
be requested to send a copy of this preamble and resolution 
to the presiding Bishop, and one to the Secretary of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 

The vote was called for by ayes and noes and by orders, 
and resulted as follows: Affirmative, clergy 57, laity 36; neg- 
ative, clergy 9; laity 11. 

Parochial Reports: 

Communicants 6,066; confirmed 463; contributions |30,199. 


Rev. W. D. Hanson, Mt. Zion, Hedgesvalle, 
'' Trinity, Martinsburg, . . 

Rev. W. T. Leavell, Wickliffe, Ripon 

Rev. T. B. Maury, Grace, Ravenswood, 14 













210 The Episcopal Church 

Eev. C. W. Andrews, Trinity, Shepherdstown 58 . . 140 

Rev. Chas. E. Ambler, Zion, Charlestown . . 120 32 323 
Rev. W. F. M. Jacobs, St. John's, Charles 

ton 40 

Rev. J. F. Curtis, St. Paul's, Weston 35 12 7 

Rev. J. F. Woods, Trinity, Moundsville, 12 . . 12 

Rev. Wm. L. Hyland, Trinity, Parkersburg 60 5 8,368 

This report for five years. 

Remarks: — Favenswood. This congregation has enjoyed 
no ministerial culture for many years. Its church building 
was most shamefully desecrated by the United States sol- 
diery stationed there during the war. But through the 
Christian activity and kind generosity of friends of the 
Church, the funds necessary to repair its walls, and to paint 
and furnish it anew, are now in hand, and the renovation al- 
most complete. 

Charleston. The present Rector took charge of the Church 
in 1865. He found the congregation very much disorganized, 
and the Church building desolated, it having been used as 
barracks, and subsequently as depository for quartermas- 
ter's stores. Every article of chancel furniture had been de- 
stroyed, the pews removed, the windows demolished, and the 
organ so abused, as to be almost entirely useless. By the ef- 
forts of parishioners, and friends abroad, we were enabled to 
put it in a condition for use during the winter. We still have 
some funds for further improvements. The absence of the 
Rector, for the previous six years, together with the demor- 
alizing influence of the war, render the spiritual condition 
of the Parish not as encouraging as desired. My report is 
somewhat incomplete, on account of my illness during the two months. 

Moundsville. One of the wardens removed, the other sus- 

Parkerslurg. My report embraces the past five years. There 
are other communicants residing in this Parish, but they are 
not reported as communicants, of the same, in consequence 

IN West Yiuginia. 211 

of their having failed to place in my hands the usual certifi- 
cate required by the canon. 

It is proper to remark that the above report is not entire- 
ly accurate, having been made out chiefly from memory, since 
my arrival in Alexandria. Some of the data which, v^^ere nec- 
essary to entire accuracy, having been inadvertently left at 
home; but I believe it to be substantially correct. 

Council of 1867. Trinity Church, Staunton. 

Bishop Johns presiding: Present from West Virginia: 
9 Clergy; 4 Laity. 

From Bishop Johns' address: "June 1. I preached in the 
Church at Fairmont, Marion county, and as this church was 
without a minister, I officiated there again the next morning. 
Since my visit the congregation has, I am thankful to say, en- 
gaged part of the time of the Rev. J. F. Woods, of Mounds- 
ville. June 3. I officiated in Wheeling both morning and 
night. The congregation of St. Matthew's, had recently dis- 
posed of their building, with the view to the erection of a 
larger one, in a more convenient location, and, as the build- 
ing which had been occupied by St. John's congregation had 
also been sold, we were for the time without a house of wor- 
ship in the city of W^heeling. The corner stone of the new 
Church for St. Matthew's congregation has since been laid, 
and the work is so far advanced, that its consecration may 
be effected at an early day. For the services of the morning 
our Baptist friends, who had purchased St. Matthew's 
Church, kindly loaned it to us, and I preached there and con- 
firmed thirty-two persons. 

It was not without a feeling of sadness that I officiated for 
the last time in that spacious and substantial church, which, 
some thirty years ago, was erected to accommodate the con- 
gregation, then rapidly increasing under the faithful labors 
of the Key. Wm. Armstrong. In the first years of our minis- 
try, we had been pleasantly associated in Frederick county, 
Maryland, as Rectors of adjoining Parishes, and subsequently 
when we had both removed to this Diocese, I had again and 

212 The Episcopal Church 

again shared his joy, as the arrival of the confirmation, 
brought the fruits of his diligence and fidelity around the 
chancel of that commodious church, to be sealed for the Mas- 
ter's service. Those sacred scenes had imparted a peculiar 
interest to the place, and however politic the disposal of it 
may prove, made it impossible for some to part with it, with- 
out a painful struggle. May God in His mercy, so fill the 
new house with His glory, that in comparison of it, the first 
house will be as nothing in our eyes, and may He continue to 
crown the ministrations of His servants, with such success 
that its capacity will be insufficient for the accommodation 
of the worshippers, and frequent colonization render neces- 
sary the erection of new edifices, till they beautify and bless 
every section of the city. 

At night the Presbyterian Church was offered for oUr uise, 
and I preached there to a large and serious congregation. 
June 4. 1 preached at Moundsville and confirmed twelve. June 
5. Accompanied by the Rev. Messrs. Addison and Woods, I 
proceeded by way of Steubenville, where the Rev. Mr. Gillette 
joined us, to St. John's Church, Brooke county, and preached 
there. As the Church was without a minister, and the notice 
of my visit had been late in reaching them, there were no 
candidates for confirmation. The Rev. Mr. Webb, of Ohio, 
has engaged to officiate part of his time for this congregation. 
June 6. Was occupied in passing from Wheeling to Parkers- 

June 7. Accompanied by the Rev. W. L. Hyland, I rode some 
twenty miles, to the Church at Cow Creek, where I preached, 
and returned the same evening to Parkersburg. June 8. I 
preached in Trinity Church, Parkersburg, and confirmed sev- 
•en. June 9. Accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Hyland, I proceed- 
ed to Point Pleasant. Here we have some earnest members, 
who are very anxious to be supplied with stated services. 
As yet we have no church of our own at the Point, but are 
kindly accommodated by our Methodist brethren. June 10. 
I preached at Point Pleasant in the morning and at night af- 
ter a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Hvlaud, I again addressed the 

IN West Virginia. 213 

congregation. June 12. Was occupied in reaching Charleston, 
Kanawha, where I preached at nighi. June 13. The Salines. 
Here our house of worship was destroyed during the war, and 
we were again indebted to our Methodist brethren, for the 
use of their church. I baptized six infants, and confirmed 
four persons. At night I preached in St. John's, Charleston, 
and confirmed eighteen. June 14. Coalsmouth. Here also, 
our Church building was entirely ruined during the war. The 
people assembled in a private house, where I preached and 
confirmed two. It was the residence of the late Col. Frank 
Thompson, then recently deceased, whose Christian life and 
labors had rendered him a noble example and eminent bless- 
ing to the community and Church, with which he was connect- 
ed, and which I found in much sorrow for their great bereave- 
ment. The congregation here and at the Salines might be 
advantageously served by one minister, and at both places 
they expressed great desire to be soon supplied, but with 
every effort, I have been unable to gratify their pious wish. 

In the afternoon I returned to Charleston, and at night, 
in connection with services conducted by the Rev. Mr. Hy- 
land I baptized one adult and one infant. June 15. At 7 a. 
m. I held a special service in St. John's Church, and confirm- 
ed two persons. 

The Rev. Mr. Jacobs, the Rector of St. John's, and the only 
resident minister of the Church, throughout the portion of the 
Diocese west and south of the Little Kanawha, was then 
detained in Alexandria by sickness, which has since led to 
his resignation of the Parish. In his absence the Rev. W. 
Thompson, of Gallipolis, kindly consented to visit the 
Churches in Kanawha county, and prepare them for such 
Episcopal services as might be desired. I take this opportu- 
nity to acknowledge his frequent, and useful ministrations, 
which were very acceptable to the congregations and highly 
appreciated by myself. 

After the early service in St. John's, I took passage down 
the river to meet my next appointment, which was in the vi- 
cinity of Guyandotte, where at the Marshall Academy, the 

214 The Episcopal Church 

Kev. Mr. Tompkins of the Diocese of Kentuclvv, occasionally 
officiated. After a tedious trip, I was landed on the evening 
of the 16th, near the place of my destination. 

June 17. The next morning (Sunday) to our great disap- 
pointment, a heavy rain, which commenced early and contin- 
ued the day through, prevented the attendance of many, who 
desired to be present. At the usual hour I preached and con- 
firmed two, one of whom, I had baptized in connection with 
a previous service. It was now necessary for me to avail my- 
self of the first boat that passed, or I might not be in time 
for my next appointment. Twelve tedious hours, in a small 
house on the bank of the Ohio, were passed in waiting for a 
boat. The next morning at half past 1 o'clock, the signal 
was heard, and in the dark, through rain and mud, we made 
our way to the landing, which I could not have reached, 
but for the arm and guidance of Dr. BuflSngton, whose kind 
and valuable, services are held in grateful rAmembrance. 
June 18. At night, and also the next morning, I read the 
service and preached at Ravenswood, on the first occasion 
I baptized two children, and on the second I confirmed one 
person. Since my visit in November last, the little band of 
church people here, had, much to their credit, repaired the 
damage which their building had sustained during the war, 
and we were now privileged again to worship in our own 

June 24. In the morning I preached at Smithfield and con- 
firmed five. After the morning service I accompanied the 
Rev. Dr. Andrews to Shepherdstown, where at night I con- 
firmed seven in Trinity Church. 

The Rev. W. F. M. Jacobs, whose failing health rendered 
it necessary for him to resign the charge of the congrega- 
tion at Kanawha Court House, and who after several 
months rest, thought himself sufficiently recruited to recom- 
mence his labors in a smaller field, died in Alexandria a few 
weeks since, 4n the comfort of a reasonable religious and 
holy hope.' " 

IN West Yikginia. 215 

Diocesan Statistics: 

Oommunicants 6,522; confirmed 631. Contributions |45,1S3. 
Expended for Diocesan Missions, |2,604. 

Kev. F. M. Whittle of Louisville, Ky., was elected Assist- 
ant Bishop. 

Parochial Reports- 

Corns. Cn'fd Cont. 

Rev. W. D. Hanson, Martinsburg 51 . . | 71 

Rev. W. D. Hanson, Hedgesville 70 .. 80 

Rev. W. T. Leavell, Wicklitfe 25 . . 262 

Rev. D. H. Greer, Clarksburg 22 

Rev. T. M. Carson, Smithfield, &c 10 .. 391 

Rev. C. W. Andrews, D. D., Shepherdstown 65 7 160 

Rev. W. H. Meade, Charlestown, 120 . . 431 

Rev. J. F. Curtis, Weston 36 . . 62 

Rev. Jno. F. Woods, Fairmont 12 . . 12 

Rev. Jno. F. Woods, Moundsville, 21 12 72 

Rev. T. G. Addison, St. Matt., Wheeling 340 32 506 

Rev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg 64 . . • 1,052 

Remarks : 

Clarkshiirg. The above is the report for nine months past. 
During that time there has been no visitation of the Bishop, 
although several persons are now ready for confirmation. 
There is an increase of zeal and interest in the Parish, and 
a prospect of better things still. 

Smithfield and Leetown. I am pleased to report substan- 
tial progress in all the interests of the Church, within the 
Parish during the past year. Two of our church buildings 
have been repaired at considerable material cost. Congre- 
gations uniformly good, with an encouraging prospect and 
promise of addition to the number of communicants. 

Fairmont. Since February 17th I have officiated at Fair- 
mont regularly on Sunday evening, in connection with 
Moundsville, which places are sixty-six miles apart. The 
congregations at both places have been good, and the work 

St. MattJieic's Church, Wheeling. The congregation is build- 

216 The Episcopal Church 

ing a large and hand/Some Church. It will be ready for con- 
secration, at farthest, in November; $50,000 will have been 
expended on it before that time. This drain upon the means 
of the congregation accounts for the raeagerness of their con- 
tributions to other objects. 

St. John's Parish has commenced with much zeal the erec- 
tion of a new church edifice, They hope to occupy it be- 
fore winter. 

The prospects of Ihe Church in Wheeling are exceedingly 

Report of Rev. James H. McMechen: ''My time is much 
taken up with my duties, (teaching); but I have preached 
some six or eight times for Mr. Addison, and spent one 
Sunday in Washington, Pa. I hold myself ready to visit 
any points, at a convenient distance, and expect during the 
summer vacation of eight weeks to go about a good deal. In 
the interval between the departure of Mr. Addison, and the 
coming of his successor, I expect to supply, in part at least, 
the vacancy in St. Matthew's. 

Council of 1868. St. Paul's, Lynchburg. 

List of Clergy in West Virginia: 

Rev. C. E. Ambler, Charlestown; xRev. C. W. Andrews, 
Shepherdstown; Rev. C. George Currie, Wheeling; Rev. J. 
F. Curtis, Weston; xRev. D. H. Greer, Clarksburg; xRev. W. 
D. Hanson, Martinsburg; xRev. H. E. Hayden, Point Pleas- 
ant; xRev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg; xRev. W. T. Leavell, 
Kabletown; xRev. W. H. Meade, Charlestown; Rev. Jos. H. 
McMechen, Wheeling; Rev. W. B. Morrow, Wheeling; xRev. 
Joseph xV. Nock, Charleston; Rev. Wm. G. Stewart, Coals- 
mouth; xRev. J. F. Woods, Moundsville. 

Those marked x in attendance. 

Bishop Johns presiding. Bishop Johns' address: ''Novem- 
ber 14. I left home on a visitation of the Churches in the 
Western Section of the Diocese. November 15. I reached 
Fairmont at 7 a. m., preached morning and night in Christ 

IN West Virginia. 217 

Church, and confirmed ten. This church shares with the 
('linrch at Moundsville, the services of the Rev. J. F. Woods, 
and is evidently reviving under his faithful ministrations. 
November Ifi. 1 preached in Trinity Church, Moundsville^ and 
confirmed tv^o. November 17. I preached in the new Church 
erected by the congregation of St. Matthew's, Wheeling, 
and confirmed seven. Although the spacious and imposing 
building was not then completed, it was sufficiently advanced 
to be used for public worship. On this occasion it was filled 
to overflowing; happily ominous, I trust, of the size and char- 
acter of the assembly, which will love to frequent its sa- 
cred <'ourts, and enjoy its salutary ordinances. The congre- 
gation, then without a Rector, was much indebted to the Rev. 
J. H. McMechen for the services he readily rendered, The 
building has since been finished and the Rev. Mr. Currie has 
accepted the Rectorship. 

At night I preached for the congregation of St. John's, 
then worshipping in a large upper room in the custom house. 
They also were engaged in erecting a new and commodious 
building, which is still in progress, with the prospects of 
early completion. It will be a large advance on the Church 
which they vacated, and occupied, I have no doubt, by a con- 
gregation correspondingly enlarged and strengthened. 

November 18. Accompanied by the Rev. J. F. Woods, 1 
crossed into Ohio, and took the railroad to Steubenville, 
where we procured a conveyance, and having re-crossed the 
river, proceeded to St. John's Church, Brooke county. Find- 
ing it closed, we drove to the house first of one, and then of 
another of the vestry, and discovered that the notice of my 
appointment had not been received. We endeavored to com- 
pensate for the failure, by visiting the friends of the Church, 
both there and at Wellsburg, and after passing the day in 
such intercourse, returned to Wheeling, where I baptized, 
in private, the infant of parents residing in Buckingham. 

My next appointment was in Parkersburg, which I expected 
to reach by river; but the stage of water was so low that my 
friends advised me, not to venture by steamboat. I was 

218 The Episcopal Church 

therefore obliged to return by railroad to Grafton, and 
come by the other branch of the road to Parkersburg. 

November 20. I preached, morning and night, in Trinity 
Church, and confirmed eleven. November 21. No other con- 
veyance being available, the Kev. Mr. Hyland and myself, 
started from Parkersburg in a very small and inferior boat, 
for Eavenswood. Our progress was so retarded by the fog, 
and the lowness of the river, that we found we could not stop 
there, without risking the several ensuing appointments, 
and we therefore concluded to keep on to Point Pleasant, 
which we did not reach until the next afternoon. Novem- 
ber 22. 1 preached there at night, in the room which the 
congregation have fitted up for their services, and confirmed 

November 21. Such was the density of the fog and lowness 
of the river, that we could not obtain a boat for Charleston. 
We succeeded however in procuring a buggy and though 
late in the morning, started on our journey, and after riding 
until it became too dark to see, we found shelter for the night 
in a small house of entertainment. Next morning, we were 
off as early as our hospitable landlord would allow, and we 
hoped to make the ride, about twenty three miles, in time to 
meet my appointment. But the intense density of the atmos- 
phere, and the condition of the road, made driving on the 
precipitous bank of the river slow and at times perilous. We 
did not arrive in Charleston until half past twelve o'clock, 
just as the congregation were returning from Church. Happi- 
ly, we were recognized by many. It soon became generally 
known, and at night, I preached in St. John's Church, to a 
large congregation, and confirmed eight. One of them from 
St. Mark's Church, Coalsmouth. November 25, In the 
Methodist church at Maiden, I baptized several infants and 
preached. St. Luke's Church was destroyed during the 
war, and has not been rebuilt, the Rev. W. G. Stewart, who 
at my request, officiated for this congregation some months 
previous, is now acting as a missionary at other places to 
which he has been appointed, in connection with his princi- 

IN West Virginia. 219 

pie station at Coalsmouth. At night in St. Jolin's Churcb, 
Charleston, after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Hyland, I con- 
firmed two persons. 

November 26. I preached in St. Mark's Church, Coals- 
mouth, and confirmed ten. When I visited this Parish eigh- 
teen months before, the Church v^as in ruins, and the congre- 
gation so diminished, that I was tempted to despair of its 
recovery. In July last Rev. W. G. SteM^art commenced ser- 
vices there. On this visit, I found the repair of the Church 
sufficiently advanced to allow of its use for public worship ; 
an interesting class for confirmation, and as many people in 
attendance as the building could accommodate. Near the 
Church, a new Parsonage was nearly finished. I was much 
gratified to see all these improvements, and to leave minis- 
ter and congregation in the kindest relations, and diligently 
co-operating in the Gospel. The portion of his time previ- 
ously given to Maiden, will now be divided between Winfield 
and Buffalo, in each of which there is a desire for the ser- 
vices of the Church. Immediately after the exercises fit 
Coalsmouth, we resumed our ride, dovs^n the West side of 
the Kanawha, over patches of partially constructed roads, 
and intervening spaces where there was no road at all, till 
at last, after dark, we lost our route, and must have camped 
out, but for an intelligent bo^-, Avho heard our halloo! came 
to our rescue, and did not abandon us till he conducted us 
to a ferry where we crossed the Kanawha, and were glad to 
find any kind of shelter for the night. The next afternoon 
we reached Point Pleasant. 

During my absence several persons who before, had not 
been able to make up their minds, came to the conclusion 
that on my return they would apply to be confirmed. At the 
request of their minister, I preached on the night of my arriv- 
al, when he presented four more for the imposition of hands. 

The condition and prospects of the congregation at Point 
Pleasant are encouraging. The Rev. Mr. Hayden, who offi- 
ciates for them, has exerted himself successfullv in collect- 

220 The Episcopal Church 

ing funds for building a churcli, which I hope soon to hear 
is completed and fully occupied. 

I still hoped to reach Clarksburg on time for my next ap- 
pointment, and also to call at Ravenswood, and make some 
amends for passing it by, on our way down the river as al- 
ready stated. November 28. We were on the road from 
morning until 10 p. m., a journey which neither of my com- 
panions nor myself would desire to repeat. Through all of 
its exposures, a kind of Providence brought us safely to the 
hospitable home of Mrs. Fitzhugh, where refreshments and 
rest, soon made us oblivious of the discomforts of the day. 
November 29. At Ravenswood I confirmed two. As the only 
conveyance in which it was deemed safe to attempt to ride 
to Parkersburg was an open wagon, and it now came on to 
rain, we were obliged to defer our journey until the next 
morning. Meanwhile the weather became so suddenly cold, 
and the roads so frozen, that the driver declined complying 
with his engagement, and our prospect of progress was most 
discouraging. About 2 p. m., a small boat most unexpected- 
ly appeared, and though it was a venture, we had no choice. 
We succeeded in reaching Parkersburg after midnight. De- 
cember 1. Being Sunday, no train went out, or I might yet 
have been in Clarksburg in time for my appointment. The 
detention afforded me the opportunity of assisting the good 
brother, who had kindly accompanied me on my visitation, 
and rendered me very acceptable aid and comfort. I preach- 
ed morning and night in Trinity Church. 

Dec. 2. I left Parkersburg in a snow storm, which contin- 
ued at intervals for several days. At night I preached in 
<'hrist Church, Clarksburg, and confirmed eighteen. 

Dec. 3. Accompanied by Rev. Mr. Greer, I rode twenty 
two miles to Weston, and at night, I preached in St. Paul's 
Church and confirmed eleven. 

Though the weather was very unfavorable at both these 
appointments, the congregations were large and the services 
very interesting. At both places the contrast with appear- 
ances on former visitations evinced decided improvement. 

IX West A^iuginia. 221 

Returning to Clarksburg, I took the cars at 1 o'clock next 
morning and crossed the mountain in a snow storm, and 
made my way to Shepherdstown, and at night, after a sermon 
by the Rev. W. H. Meade addressed the congregation in 
Trinity Church. 

Dec. 6. In the same Church I preached in the morning and 
confirmed eleven. At night I again addressed the congrega- 
tion, after a sermon by the Rev. W. H. Meade. 

These services completed my visitation, the most severe 
and arduous I ever made; and though accomplished without 
omitting any of the churches, yet not without exertions, the 
effects of which I felt the winter through. 

April 30. In St. Paul's Church, Alexandria, assisted by 
Bishops Lee and Bedell, I consecrated the Rt. Rev. Francis 
M. Whittle, D. D., as Assistant Bishop of the Diocese of Vir- 

Thus after an unprecedented and unreasonable delay of 
nearly a year, your right as a Diocese has been recognized, 
and your devout desire happily accomplished. The absurd 
misrepresentations and frivolous pretexts, which were enter- 
tained by some to our wrong, are known and understood, 
and as they are of no account to us, may be forgotten in the 
satisfaction with which we receive and welcome to his new 
and arduous services, the brother, beloved, whom I thank 
you for having called to share with me, the responsibilities 
of the Episcopate in this Diocese." 

Report of the Diocesan Missionary Committee : Bal. 1741; 
receipts, |2,571; expenditures |3,201; aided eighteen minis- 
ters, of which in West Virginia Rev. R. H. Mason in Bath, 
Monroe and Greenbrier counties; Rev. F. D. Goodwin, in Mar- 
ion county; paid by West Virginia Churches to the Bishops 
and Contingent fund $809.73, and to the Diocesan Missions 
»1 49.00. 

Parochial Repoi-ts: 

Coms. C-fd. Cont. 

Rev. R. H. Mason, (Va), Union 20 . . | 

Rev. R. H. Mason, (Va.), Lewisburg. . . . 4 

222 The Episcopal Church 

Corns. C"fd. Cont. 

Kev. W. D. HansoD, Martinsburg 54 . . 91 

Rev. W. T. Leavell, Wickliffe 29 6 174 

Rev. I>. H. Greer, Clarksburg 37 18 821 

Rev. Horace E. Hayden, Ravenswood .... 14. 2 15 

Rev. C. W. Andrews, D. D., Shepherdstown 75 11 400 

Rev. W. H. Meade, Charlestown 127 . . 932 

Rev. Joseph A. Nock, Charleston 74 31 1,410 

Rev. Wm. G. Stewart, Coalsmouth 39 12 174 

Rev. J. F. Woods, Fairmont 22 10 39 

Rev. J. F. Woods, Moundsville 23 2 22 

Rev. H. E. Hayden, Point Pleasant 23 9 2,477 

Rev. C. G. Currie, St. Matthew's, Wheeling 200 7 

Rev. W. B. Morrow, St. John's, Wheeling 53 15 11,579 

Rev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg 64 11 600 

Remarks: Union. I have visited Union, Monroe county, 
Missionary Station, every fourth Sunday. Baptisms 3; com- 
municants added 7; present number 20. Sunday school teach- 
ers 8; scholars 40. 

Lewishurg. Visited every fourth Tuesday. Communicants^ 
4. If this place could have services regularly on the Lord's 
Day, it would doubtless exhibit a very encouraging field for 
the Church. 

Hedgesville. Rev. Mr. Mackenheiraer, who has had charge 
of the Parish about four months, has been obliged to resign 
on account of his ill health. He sent in his resignation 
March 2nd, and as yet we have been unable to obtain a suc- 
cessor. During our late convocation, several of the min- 
isters agreed with us, in thinking it would be more desirable 
and add more to the interest of our Church, to have a Rec- 
tory in this place. Rev. Dr. Andrews mentioned it to the 
congregation, and liberal contribution's were made, and we 
have reason to hope, we shall soon be able to purchase a 
Rectory. Have also given Rev. William Pendleton a call. 
Should he not accept, I hope you will assist us in procuriug^ 
a Pastor. 

IN West Virginia. 223 

Wicl-liffe. The Rector reports increased interest and en- 
larged offerings. 

Clarksburg. The Rector reports the Church as almost en- 
tirely renovated from turret to foundation stone. 

Charleston. Report embraces two years. St. Luke's 
Church, Maiden, was formerly reported along with reports 
from St. John's; the same minister officiating in both; but 
that Church organized as a separate Parish in April, 1867, 
elected a vestry, and took some measures to rebuild their 
Church, with a view to the call of a minister. They paid an 
amount of one dollar for each of their communicants last 
November. Whether they continued their organization, by 
a new election of vestrymen on Easter Monday laist, has 
not been made known to this Parish. What steps, if any are 
being taken towards a building, we do not know. Here is 
an important point for a missionary, and it is sincerely hoped 
that of the class which shall be ordained this summer, some 
one of them may be sent to Maiden, to minister there (where 
there is a goodly number of communicants) and at two other 
points in the vicinity, Canneltou and Coalburgh, It is not 
at all probable that Maiden will become, at the present time, 
a self supporting Parish, but if a suitable man could be found 
a very good support from our people there, at Cannelton, 
Coalburgh, and Peytona, on Coal River, would be made, and 
once they erect a Church, Maiden itself would support a 

Coalsmouth. This Parish was without a minister from the 
outbreak of the war in 1861. The Church was occupied by 
soldiers the whole time, and left with nothing but roof and 
walls. The Rectory was burnt. I took charge of the Parish in 
July, 1867, since which time by the assistance of our friends 
in Pittsburg, and in Louisville, the Church has been repaired 
and furnished, and a bell placed in the cupola. The Rectory 
has been rebuilt from the proceeds of the sale of land be- 
queathed by a lady in the Parish. At six places in the Kan- 
awha valley, and within twenty miles of Coalsmouth, the 
people are anxious for the services of our Church, and they 

224 The Lpibcopal Church 

are willing to contribute towards the support of a missionary. 
At two of these Sunday schools have been established and 
the prayer book is in use. 

Point Pleasant. This Parish was organized July 20, 1867. 

St. Matthew's, Wheeling. I have been in charge since Eas- 
ter. The contributions of the congregation, not only towards 
the building of their new Church, but for other purposes, 
have been quite large, but during the vacancy of the Rector- 
ship, regular accounts have not been kept. 

*S'^. John's, Wheeling. In the winter of G3-64, the old edifice 
of St. John's congregation together with the lot situated on 
South Main Street, was sold and the Parish became disor- 
ganized. In October 1866 St. John's Parish was revived, and 
a well situated lot (60x120) on Market street. Center Wheel- 
ing, was bought for the purpose of erecting a new church. 
Sometime before this the Rectory had been sold for |5,000, 
which was put into the building fund. On Trinity Sunday, 
1867, the present Rector took charge of the Parish, since 
which time, Divine service has been holden continuously in 
the United States Court room, situated in St. Matthew's 
Parish, by the good will of that congregation. On August 
22, 1867, the foundation stone wajs laid for a massive stone 
Church, in the style of architecture known as the perpendic- 
ular Gothic. The architect and superintendent is Mr. J. G. 
Fairfax of this city. There has been already expended on 
the building |11,066.44. The ultimate cost will be about |17,- 
000. It is expected, that the new Church will be finished in 
about six weeks from this date, and before the close of the 
summer, free from debt and ready for consecration. 

As respects the number of communicants, the present re- 
port includes those only who commune regularly. Many more 
come occasionally to the Holy Table and attend the services 
of whom no account is taken, because they have not formal- 
ly signified to the Pastor, their wish to be accounted mem- 
bers of this Parish. When the new Church is entered our 
numbers will doubtless be much stronger. 

Bev. Jas. H. McMechen, reports preaching regularly in St. 





IN West Virginia. 225 

Matthew's, Wheeling, from the date of Dr. Addison's de- 
parture to September 1, 1867. Since that time, as the state 
of his health allowed in St. John's; also in Moundsville, Fair- 
mont, Clarksburg, and Washington, Pa. 

Council of 1869. Fredericksburg. 

Bishop Johns presiding. Six clergy from West Virginia 
and two laymen present. 

Bishop Johns reported: "June 16, (1868). I preached in 
Grace Church, Middleway, and confirmed one. June 17. In 
Zion Church, Charlestown, I preached and confirmed four- 
teen. At night after sermon by the Rev. Osborne Ingle, of 
Frederick City, Md., 1 again addressed the congregation. Au- 
gust 12. At night I preached at the Warm Springs, and again 
the next morning and confirmed one. 

"August 15. At Union, Monroe county, I preached at night. 
August 16. I preached in the same place both morning and 
night and confirmed eight. August 19. At Lewisburg, I 
preached in the Presbyterian church, and confirmed two. The 
Bishop also reports, Eev. Joshua Cowpland, as Rector of 
Christ Church, Wellsburg, and St. John's, Brooke county j 
also the Rev. S. D. Tompkins as ofliciating at Sistersville; 
also that the Rev, J. F. Curtis had resigned the Church in 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee reported, that they 
had contributed to the support of Rev. Horace E. Hayden, 
Point Pleasant; Rev. R, H. Mason, Bath and Monroe, in all 
1200.00. Contributions to Diocesan Missions |226.63. 

Parochial Reports : 

Com. In S. S. Cont. 

Rev. W. D. Hanson, Martinsburg 53 214 |230. 

Rev. W. D. Hanson, Hedges ville 62 53 21 

Rev. W. T. Leavell, Wicklifife 30 58 101 

Rev. W. H. Meade, Zion Ch., Charlestown 144 65 1,427 
Rev. C. W. Andrews, Shepherdstown. . 85 50 650 

226 The Episcopal Church 

Eev. Jos. A. Nock, Kanawha Parish. ., . 5(5 149 4,125 
(of this |2,600 was for Parish school.) 

Rev. Jno. F. Woods, Moundsville 26 59 29 

Rev. Jno. F. Woods, Fairmont 22 55 G5 

Rev. Horace E. Hayden, Pt. Pleasant . . 20 67 1,150 
Rev. Wm. Bryce Morrow, St. Matthew's, 

Wheeling, 67 3,090 

Rev. C. George Currie, St. Matthew's, 

Wheeling 200 300 4,250 

Rev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg 82 119 1,100 

Rev. R. H. Mason says: "At Union, Monroe county, a 
Church was organized May 3rd, by electing a vestry and del- 
egate to the Council. Baptisms 3; communicants 20; con- 
firmed 8; marriages 3. In Sunday school 45. 

"During the past year, chiefly through the instrumentality 
of zealous ladies, a room has been rented, a parlor organ 
purchased, also books and Sunday school material and other 
expenses met, and one hundred dollars raised for the Mis- 
sionary; he has received some presents in addition. 

"If a young single clergyman could be placed here to visit 
Lewisburg, once or twice a month, the Church would proba- 
bly flourish. Lewisburg had five communicants, two have 
removed. Pocahontas county is a very interesting field, 
which has been visited but twice. There is one communicant 
there and there have been two baptisms. 

Rev. J. F. Woods says: "Our Female Seminary in this 
place, (Moundsville) under the charge of Prof. W. L. Hutch- 
ins, a communicant of our church, has at present 14 board- 
ers, a very good number of day scholars, and a very fair pros- 
pect of an increase next session. 

Rev. Horace E, Hayden reports holding frequent services 
at Buffalo, Coalsmouth and Winfield with good congrega- 

Rev. Wm. Bryce Morrow says, the Xew Church edifice (St. 
John's, Wheeling), was opened early last autumn ; it has cost 
^124,766.31, of which amount |10,925 remains unpaid. The cost 

IN West A'irginia. 227 

of the stone steps and fence wall, will soon give a total in- 
debtedness of 111,600. 

Rev. S. D. Tompkins reports, that by invitation of the 
friends of the Church in Sistersville, he entered upon duty 
November, 1868. Since that time, he has held services twice 
a month. A lot has been given and |400 subscribed, towards 
the erection of a Church. Three hundred dollars have been 
pU'd-ed towards his support. He has also officiated in St. 
.lohn's Church, Pleasants county, once a month. He has 
baptized two children. There are eleven communicants in 
this Parish. 

Council of 1870. St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, W. Va. 

Bishop Johns presiding. List of Clergy in West Virginia: 
Rev. C. E. Ambler, Charlestown; xRev. C. W. Andrews, D. 
D., Shepherdstown; xRev. M. M. Benton, Jr., St. John's, 
Wheeling; xRev. Pendleton Brooke, Clarksburg; xRev. 
Joshua Cowpland, Jr., Wellsburg; xRev. C. George Currie^, 
St. Matthew's, Wheeling; xRev. James Grammer, Middleway; 
xRev. W. D. Hanson, Martinsburg; xRev. H. E. Hayden, Pt. 
Pleasant; xRev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg; Rev. W. T. Lea- 
vell, Kabletown; xRev. R. H. Mason, Union; xRev. W. H. 
Meade, Charlestown; xRev. Jais. H. McMechen, Wheeling; 
xRev. Jos. A. Nock, Coalsmouth; xRev. Chas. H. Page, 
Hedgesville; xRev. Henry T. Sharp, Weiston; xRev. Samuel 
D. Tompkins, Sistersville ; xRev. John F. Woods, Moundsville. 
Those marked x were present. Lay Delegates in attend- 
ance: Wm. E. Baxter, St. John's, Brooke county; R. C. Bon- 
ham, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; Geo. D. Curtis, Moundsville; 
Beverly M. Eoff, St. John's, Wheeling; H. R. Howard, Point 
Pleasant; General J. J. Jackson, Parkersburg; A. T. Laidley, 
Kanawha Parish; Edmund I. Lee, Shepherdstown; Col. James 
McCluey, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; Dr. Spicer Patrick, Kan- 
awha Parish; Cruger W. Smith, Jr., Clarksburg; Thos. G. 
Steele, Fairmont; Nathan S. White, Charlestown. 

Bishop Johns in his address says: "June 5, (1869). In 

228 The Episcopal Church 

Trinity Cliurcli, Parkersburg, preached morning and night 
and confirmed twentj-seven persons. June 7. I preached in 
Grace Church, Ravenswood. Here and at Ripley, in the vi- 
cinity, the ser^dces of an active minister, are earnestly de- 
sired. June 8. In Christ Church, Point Pleasant, I preached 
morning and night, and confirmed ten persons. Immediately 
after service, accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Hayden, I took 
the boat for Kanavs^ha Court House. The storm in which we 
started, and the consequent darkness of the night, so inter- 
fered with our progress, that we did not reach our destina- 
tion until noon of the next day. June 11. We proceeded to 
Maiden, where I preached in the Presbyterian Church. Our 
house of worship which was destroyed has not yet been re- 
placed. Except occasional services by the Rev. Mr. Xock, 
the good people of Maiden were, and still are, without the 
ministration of their own Church. 

June 12. We rode to Coalsmouth, where I preached and 
confirmed three persons. This congregation has also, during 
the past year, had the benefit of the services of the Rev. Mr. 
Nock. June 13. I preached in St. John's Church, Kanawha 
C. H. This Church, vacated by the resignation of the Rev. 
Mr. Nock has recently elected to the Rectorship, the Rev. 
Chas. M. Callaway, who I am happy to state, has signified 
his acceptance. As the Capital of West Virginia, and right 
on the line of internal improvement, intended to furnish 
tlie shortest and best connection between the Western waters 
and the Atlantic, the population of this city, indeed of the 
whole valley of the Kanawha, must receive rapid and large 
accessions, and afford a fine field for ministerial activity and 
usefulness. May our esteemed brother, and others who may 
be his fellow laborers, in that interesting region, share large- 
ly in the coming harvest. 

June 15. On my return, I passed a few hours in Parkers- 
burg, addressed the congregation of Trinity Church, and 
confirmed two persons. June 16. I preached in Christ Church,. 
Clarksburg. It was then vacant, but has since been supplied 
by the Rev. Pendleton Brooke, of the last class in the The- 

IN West Virginia. 229 

ologicai Seminary. June 17. I preached in St. Paul's, Wes- 
ton, and confirmed four. This Church, then vacant, has since 
been supplied by the Rev. H. T. Sharp, also of the last class 
in the Theological Seminary. The visitation of the other 
Churches in the Western section of the Diocese, was post- 
poned that I might be present at the examinations and or- 
dinations at the Seminary. October 16. In the morning I 
preached in St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, and confirmed 
forty-four. At night I preached in St. John's Church and 
confirmed isix. This Church, then without a Rector, has 
since been supplied by the Rev. M. M. Benton, Jr. 

October 18. I preached in Trinity Church, Moundsville, and 
confirmed five. October 19. In St. John's, Brooke county, 
and confirmed eight. At night in Christ Church, Wellsburg, 
and confirmed four. 

October 21. I went to Sistersville, one of the stations at 
which the Rev. Mr. Tompkins officiates. October 22. I preach- 
ed in Sistersville and confirmed four. About midnight I reach- 
ed Cow Creek and next morning, October 2-3. 1 preached in St. 
John's Church, notwithstanding the hard rain, through 
which we rode in an open wagon, a large congregation as- 
sembled, and though some of the candidates, who lived re- 
mote from the Church, were prevented by the weather, from 
being present, I confirmed fifteen. 

In the afternoon, accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Hyland, who 
kindly met me at this point, I rode some twenty miles to 
Parkersburg. October 24. I preached both morning and night 
and confirmed eight. October 25. I preached in Christ 
Church, Fairmont. October 26. I preached in the same 
Church, and confirmed six." 

Bishop Whittle in his address says: "August 13. Preached 
and confirmed five in Wickliffe Church. August 16. In Zion 
Church, Charlestown, preached and confirmed thirteen. Au- 
gust 17. Preached and confirmed two in Grace Church, Mid- 
dleway, where there was no Rector. August 18. Preached and 
confirmed nineteen in Trinity Church, Shepherdstown. Au- 
gust 19-20. Services in Trinity, Martinsburg, where thirty 

230 The Episcopal Church 

were confirmed. August 21. Preached in the morning in 
Mt. Zion Church, Hedgesville, and at night made an address, 
after sermon b}' the Eev. J. B. T. Reed. Sunday, August 22. 
In the same Church, the Rector, Rev. C. H. Page, being con- 
fined to his room by a fall from a wagon, preached and con- 
firmed fifteen, and administered the Holy Communion. 

Sunday September 12. Preached at the Warm Springs, Va. 
September 13. Travelled twenty-five miles across the Alle- 
gheny mountains to Huntersville, Pocahontas county, where 
I expected to have services the next day; but found my ap- 
pointment had been changed, to a point fifteen miles more 
distant, and that there were no candidates for confirmation, 
September 14. Was spent in Huntersville with Rev. Mr. 
Withers, visiting and conversing with the people, while the 
Rev. Mr. Mason went on and preached. September IS. At 
night preached in Union. September 19. In the morning 
preached in the Presbyterian Church in Union, and at night 
in the room used as an Episcopal church, confirmed two. 

May 20 and 21, (1870). In Christ Church, Fairmont, preach- 
ed and confirmed two. Sunday, May 22. Services were held 
morning and night in the Methodist Church, which our 
brethren kindly insisted we should occupy; our own building 
being too small to hold the congregation. May 23. In St. 
John's, Wheeling, but recently taken charge of by Rev. M. 
M. Benton, Jr., preached and confirmed five. May 24. Preach- 
ed in St. Matthew's, Wheeling, and confirmed twenty-five." 

Trinity Church, Cabell Parish, Cabell county, was admit- 
ted into union with the Council. 

Appropriated by Diocesan Missionary Society, |300. Con- 
tributions to the /same |460. Parochial reports from nine- 
teen Churches show 1,164 communicants; 251 confirmations, 
1,322 in the Sunday schools. |18,010 total contributions. 

Rev. R. H. Mason reports: Lewisburg has been visited 
one Tuesday in the month. In Pocahontas county, regular 
monthly services have been held, with much encouragement. 

Rev. James Crammer took charge of Grace, Middleway, 
October 15, 1869. 

IN West Virginia. 231 

The Eev. Jos. A. Nock resigned St. John's, Charleston, 
November 30, 1869. 

Report of Alex. T. Laidlev. Secretary of A'estry and Junior 
Warden, St. John's, Charleston: '*We add nine communicants 
this year. Two of them confirmed in June. There is likely 
to be a rapid increase of the population of Charleston and 
the Kanawha valley, and of the accessions, it is fair to as- 
sume that our Church will get its share. It is therefore of 
the utmost importance to us that the Church should no longer 
be vacant. Rev. C. M. Callaway will take charge in June. 
There is an increasing demand for missionary labor in this 
part of the Diocese. We have assurances that if there could 
be found one active, energetic minister, without a family, 
who would be willing to undergo some of the hardships and 
privations incident to this mountain country, he could be 
almost supported by voluntary contributions. 

A report was made to the Council in 1868, which embraced 
this subject to a much larger extent, and if that report had 
been published, the clergy of the Diocese, and others inter- 
ested in the subject of missionary labors, would see how im- 
portant it is, that some definite action should be taken in 
reference to this branch of Church work." 

Report of Rev. Jos. A. Nock, Coalsmouth. The present 
Rector took charge of this cure in February last, and hence 
has but a meagre report to make. He found but a small 
remnant of this once flourishing Parish, but these faithful 
few, have given him their hearty support, furthering his 
plans, aiding him in such way, as to make his work pleasant 
and profitable to the Church. The number attending the 
services has increased from week to week, until now a very 
large congregation, the greater portion males, assembles 
each Lord's Day to unite in prayer and praise, and to hear 
the Word of Life. The Parish has been without a Rector 
for two years, although the Church has been kept open, and 
services read nearly every Sunday by a lay reader. Every- 
thing looks encouraging. Services have been held once a 
month at Barboursville, since Januarv last. 

232 The Episcopal Church 

Rev. Henry T. Sharp reports that he took charge of St. 
Paul's, Weston, August 10, 1869, the confirmation class (sev- 
en) was presented by his predecessor. Rev. J. F. Curtis. 

The Rev. Horace E. Hayden reports: "I have during the 
past year devoted nearly eighteen week's to missionary 
work in the Kanawha valley and parts adjacent, preaching 
once a month for a part of the time at Buffalo, and Winfield, 
and also at Coalsmouth and Barboursville. At Buffalo I 
established a Sunday school of about fifty scholars, but hav- 
ing no male communicant to take charge of it, and very much 
opposition to contend with, it was discontinued in the fall. 
I took charge of St. Mark's, Coalsmouth, in June, last, until 
the vestrj' could secure a permanent Rector, and relinquish- 
ed it in January, when Rev. Jos. A. Nock accepted a call. I 
preached there and administered the Communion, during the 
fourth week of each month, baptized four children, and pre- 
sented three persons for confirmation at the June visitation 
of the Bishop. In August, I preached at Barboursville, or- 
ganized a new Parish, and secured the appointment of a 
lay Reader, and the election of a vestry. This Parish has 
since been under the charge of the Rev. Jos. A. Nock, Since 
January, I have ministered monthly at Catlettsburg, Ky., re- 
organizing the Parish, and have been blessed so far, with 
excellent success in the work, a class of six having been con- 
firmed there in April last. And at present I am unfortunate- 
ly, the only Protestant Episcopal minister, on the South side 
of the Ohio, from Parkersburg to Newport, Ky. May the 
Lord speedily send laborers into the needy field. 

Rev. S. D. Tompkins reports, that he holds services at Sis- 
tersville twice a month. Bishop Johns confirmed four in 
October, 1869. Three candidates are awaiting confirmation. 
Number of communicants 12; no organization. 

Rev. Jas. H. McMechen reports that as heretofore he has 
devoted himself to educational work, and with encouraging 
results; meantime preaching occasionally and taking part 
in services as opportunity offered. 

IN West Yikginia. 233 

Council of 187 I. Grace Church, Petersburg, Va. 

Bishop Johns presiding. New names on the West Virginia 
list: Kev. C. M. Callaway, Charleston; Rev. Andrew Fisher, 
Weston; Kev. J. A. Latane, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; Rev. 
H. Suter, Wickliffe; Rev. Thos. O. Tongue (missionary) Wheel- 

Present from West Virginia: 10 clergy and 4 laymen. 

Bishop Johns in his address says: "During the session of 
the last Council (Wheeling, 1870). I addressed the congrega- 
tion in St. Matthew's on Ascension Day, and after the Coun- 
cil had adjourned, I addressed a congregation on Sunday 
morning in St. Matthew's, and in the afternoon another in 
St. John's Church, on the subject of missions. November 
16. In Wickliffe Church, I preached and confirmed four. No- 
vember 17. In Zion Church, Charlestown, I preached and 
confirmed seventeen. November 18. In Grace Church, Mid- 
dle way, I preached and coutirmed two. November 19. 1 
preached in St. Bartholomew's, Leetown. November 20. I 
preached in Christ Church, Bunker Hill. The same morning 
in Trinity, Shepherdstown, after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. 
Avirett, I addressed the congregation. November 21. In the 
same Church, I preached and confirmed six. November 22. 
In Trinity, Martinsburg, I preached and confirmed six. No- 
vember 23. In Mt. Zion Church, Hedgesville, I preached and 
confirmed eleven.'" 

Bishop Whittle in his address says: "During the Council 
in Wheeling (1870) I made missionary addresses in both the 
Churches, and Sunday night, May 29, I preached the closing 
sermon in St. Matthew's Church. May 30. I preached in St. 
John's Church, Brooke county, and in Christ Church, Wells- 
burg, and confirmed two. 

May 31. Preached in the Presbyterian Church, Sistersville. 
June 1. In the same Church, I preached and confirmed three. 
June 3. In St. John's, Pleasants county, preached and con- 
firmed one. June 5. Trinity, Parkersburg, preached morning 
iind night and confirmed one. November 10. Preached in the 

234 The Episcopal Church 

Methodist Church, Morgantown. November 11. Preached in 
the same Church in the morning, and confirmed three, and 
after a ride of nineteen miles, preached at night in Christ 
Church, Fairmont. November 13. Preached morning and 
night in Christ Church, Clarksburg. November 14. Preached 
at night in St. Paul's, Weston. November 15. In the same 
Church made an address and confirmed three. November 
16. Preached in Grace Church, Ravenswood, and after ser- 
vice, baptized an adult. November 17. In the same Church, 
baptized a child, made an address to the congregation and 
confirmed six. I had taken a severe cold in travelling from 
Clarksburg to Weston, and after struggling against it for 
several days, was so unwell at this point, that I was obliged 
to recall my remaining appointments and return home. 

May 3. In Christ Church, Fairmont, preached and confirmed 
four. May 4th, Trinity, Moundsville, after sermon, confirmed 
three. May 5. Preached in St. Matthew's, Wheeling, and 
confirmed thirty-one. May 6. Preached in Christ Church, 
Wellsburg. May 7. In St. John's, Brooke county, in the 
morning, preached and confirmed one, and at night preached 
and confirmed six in Christ Church, Wellsburg. 

May 9. In St. Matthew's, Wheeling, ordained Rev. Thomas 
O. Tongue, Presbyter, assisted by the Rev. J. F. Woods,^ 
and J. Cowpland. Sermon by myself. Mr. Tongue 
went to Wheeling in November as city missionary, but since 
Christmas had been acceptably and successfully supplying 
St. Matthew's, which was without a Rector. May 10. Preach- 
ed in St. John's, Pleasants county. May 11. In the morning 
preached in Emmanuel Church, Volcano, and in the after- 
noon, after sermon by the Rev. W. L. Hyland, addressed 
and confirmed five. This church is about twenty five miles 
from Parkersburg, surrounded by oil wells, and in the midst 
of a population of several hundred souls. Four months be- 
fore, the building had not been commenced; it was now fin- 
ished; a beautiful edifice, with seats for IGO persons, and 
having cost from |3,000 to .$3,500. 

Messrs. Hyland and Tompkins supply them with services^ 

IN West Virginia. 235 

as far as they can, but the people seem resolved to have a 
pastor of their own. May 12. In Trinity, Parkersburg, I 
preached and confirmed two. May 13. Read prayers and 
preached in Grace Church, Kavenswood. May 14. Eode twelve 
miles to Ripley, where I read Morning Prayer and baptized 
one adult and four children, preached and confirmed four, 
and returning to Ravenswood, read Evening Prayer, bap- 
tized an adult, and preached. The people in these two places 
are very anxious to procure the services of a minister, and 
pledge themselves to contribute $400 towards his support. 

May 16. Preached morning and night in Point Pleasant and 
confirmed five. May 18. Preached in the Court House at Bar- 
boursville. May 19 and 20. Preached in St. Mark's, Coals- 
mouth and confirmed one. Here and at Huntington the ter- 
minus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, are good and 
constantly enlarging fields of labor for an earnest. Godly 
man, Oh! that Christians, everywhere, would unceasingly 
pray the Lord of the Harvest to send forth laborers into His 

May -21. In St. John's Church, Charleston, in the morning, 
at the request of the Rector, baptized six children^ preached 
and confirmed five; and at night baptized an adult, preached 
and confirmed one." 

All Saints' Parish, Monroe county, was received into union 
with the Council, the metes and bounds to be the same as 
those of the county. 

Seventeen Churches report 943 communicants; 108 con- 
firmed and 121,362 contributed. 

Rev. R. H. Mason reports services held with considerable 
regularity in Pocahontas county, with some encouragement, 
not only from the few members of the Church, so warm in 
their attachment, but from others also. 

Rev. Mr. Haj^den reports: Our Church building at Point 
Pleasant, is not yet ready for use, but we hope to enter it 
this summer. 

Rev. W. H. Hyland reports that four of the children bap- 
tized in his Parish, were baptized by Mr. Tompkins at Yolca- 

236 The Episcopal Church 

no, and five of the persons confirmed were presented by him 
at the same place. I desire here to record my high apprecia- 
tion of the services rendered by this Brother, at this and 
other points within my Parish, during the past year, and to 
express the hope that the people whom he has served with 
great acceptance may continue to enjoy the benefit of his 

The good people of Volcano have, with commendable zeal, 
erected within the past few months a handsome and commo- 
dious house of worship, at a cost of |3,500, which amount is 
included in my report, (the whole being |3,934). The Church 
is nearly finished, and was used for Divine service for the 
first time, on the occasion of Bishop Whittle's late visita- 
tion to the Western section of the Diocese. Application will 
be made by this congregation, at the approaching Council, 
to be set apart as a separate Parish, and I commend the 
same to their favorable consideration. 

Keport of Rev. J. H. McMechen: "About the first of Sep- 
tember, 1870, I accepted a professorship in the West Vir- 
ginia University, but owing to failing health, did not retain 
it longer than the end of the fall term, December 1, following. 
I found at Morgantown but one decidedly Episcopal family. 
Bishop Whittle confirmed three persons at his visitation last 
fall, two of whom were students. I found at the University 
some twelve or fifteen students, from different parts of the 
State, whose families were more or less inclined to the Epis- 
copal Church. I think that Morgantown should receive at 
least, a monthly missionary visit, and am pleased to learn, 
that the Rev. Mr. Woods proposes to give to that point one 
fourth of his time. 

On my return to Wheeling I entered into an arrangement 
with the vestry of St. John's Parish, to supply their pulpit 
for an indefinite length of time. My services in that capaci- 
ty lasted from January first, to the first of May following. 
As I was not charged with the pastoral duties of the Parish, 
it does not devolve on me to report as to its condition, but 
I presume the Secretary of the Vestry will do so. 

IN West VirgiiNia. 237 

1 am now engaged, again, in Educational work, having as- 
sumed the charge of the Lindsley Institute, a classical school 
of this city. It seems that providence will hold me to this 
kind of work, liowever much I may have desired, to devote 
myself entirely to the work of the ministry. God's will, not 
mine, be done." 

Report of Rev. Thomas O. Tongue: "1 took charge of the 
mission work of this Parish about the first of last December. 
Owing to the resignation of the Rev. C. G. Currie, I have been 
in temporary charge of St. Matthew's since January 1st., but 
expect to resume missionary dut^^, as soon as the services of 
a Rector are obtained." 

Nineteen Churches report |766, contributed to the Con- 
tingent Fund. Three Churches gave |21, to the \Yidows' and 
Orphans' Fund. Three Churches gave |60, to the Disabled 
Clergy Fund. The total contributions to Diocesan Missions 
was |591. Amount appropriated in West Virginia |920. 

Council of 1872. Christ Church, Norfolk, Va. 

Bishop Johns presiding. New names on clergy list of West 
Virginia: Rev. Geo. S. May, Hedgesville; Rev. C. B. Mee, 
Coalsmouth; Rev. W. L. Braddock, Union; Rev. Jno. W. Lea, 
Ripon. Present 12 (out of 19) clergy and 4 laymen. 

Bishop Whittle in his address says: "August 17. In the 
Presbyterian Church, Pocahontas C. H., preached and con- 
firmed one, and after a ride of 48 miles preached the next 
night in Lewisburg. August 20. Preached morning and night 
in All Saints', Union, and confirmed five. 

April 30. Preached and confirmed twelve in Zion, Charles- 
town. May 1. Preached in Grace, Middleway; the next day in 
Christ Church, Bunker Hill, and confirmed three; and the day 
following in St. Bartholomew's, Leetown. May 4. In Trin- 
ity, Shepherdstown, preached and confirmed three. A new 
Sunday school and Lecture Room had recently been erected 
here, of lime stone and black walnut, to correspond with the 
Church, and now the buildings of this Parish are surpassed 

238 T^HE Episcopal Church 

b}' none in the Diocese, for durability, elegance ana conven- 
ience. May 5. Preached morning and night in Trinity, Mar- 
tinsburg, and confirmed six. May G. Preached and confirmed 
three in Mt. Zion Church, Hedgesville." 

Emmanuel Parish was set apart, comprising Walker Town- 
ship, Wood county, and Ritchie county. 

Rev. Mr. Hyland, of Committee to revise the Parish List, 
reported as in West Virginia: 

Berkeley county — Norborne Parish, Trinity, Martinsburg. 

Berkeley county — Norborne Parish, Mt. Zion, Hedgesville. 

Berkeley county — Norborne Parish, Christ Church, Bun- 
ker Hill. 

Brooke county — St. John's Parish, St. John's Church. 

Brooke county — Christ Church Parish, Christ Church, 

Cabell county — Cabell Parish. 

Harrison county — Bethel Parish, Christ Church, Clarks- 

Jackson county — Ravenswood Parish, Grace, Ravenswood. 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, Zion, Charlestown. 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, Trinity, Shepherds- 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, Grace, Mlddleway. 

Jefferson county — St. Andrew's Parish, St. Bartholomew's, 

Jefferson county — Wickliffe Parish, Wickliffe Church. 

Kanawha county — Kanawha Parish, St. John's, Charleston. 

Kanawha county — Bangor Parish, St. Mark's, Coals- 

Lewis county — St. Paul's Parish, St. Paul's, Weston. 

Marion county — Christ Church Parish, Christ Church, 

Mason county — Pt. Pleasant Parish, Christ Church, Point 

Mason county — Pt. Pleasant Parish, Bruce Chapel. 

Monroe county — Monroe Parish, All Saints', Union. 

Marshall county — Trinity Parish, Trinity, Moundsville. 

IX West Vikglma. 239 

Ohio county — St. Matthew's I'arish, 8t. Matthew's. ^YheeI- 

Ohio count}' — St. John's Parish, St. John's, Wheeling. 

Pleasants count}- — St. John's Parish, St. John's, Willow 

Wood county — Trinity Parish, Trinity, Parkersburg. 

AVood county — Emmanuel Parish, Emmanuel, Volcano. 

Eev. Mr. Hayden reports: "During the past year I have 
held divine service frequently at Gallipolis, Ohio, a vacant 
Parish, and since January last, I have held services at Bruce 
Chapel, Mercer's Bottom, and also at W^est Columbia. At 
these two places, I will hereafter officiate regularly." 

Rev. J. H. McMechen reports that during the early part 
of the past year he was doing missionary work in East Wheel- 
ing and on Wheeling Island. 

Council of 1873. Christ Church, Winchester. 

Bishop Johns presiding. Out of twenty-one clergy in West 
Virginia, fourteen present. Also five lay delegates. 

New names among the clergy: Rev. David Barr, Coals- 
mouth; Rev. W. L. Braddock, Union; Rev. Edward V. Jones, 

Bishop Johns in his address says: "After the adjournment 
of the last Council, my first visitation was in the Western 
part of the Diocese. May 30. I took the 5 p. m., cars at Bal- 
timore, and the next morning reached Fairmont, where the 
same night ] preached in Christ Church. June 2. In the 
morning I preached in St. John's, Wheeling, and confirmed 
fourteen. At night I preached in St. Matthew's and cofirm- 
ed twelve. June 3. I preached in St. John's, Brooke county, 
and confirmed four. At night I preached in Christ Church, 
Wellsburg, and confirmed two. 

June 5. I preached in Trinity, Moundsville. This Church 
vacant since the resignation of Rev. Mr. Woods, has recently 
been favored with service, by the Rev. Thos. O. Tongue. June 
7. I consecrated Emmanuel Church, Volcano, preached and 
confirmed eight. The site of Volcano is in a deep valley 

240 The Episcopal Chukch 

abounding in petroleum. The village seems to have sprung 
up in a da}', in the midst of bush and thicket, which the set- 
tlers have not yet found time to remove. Happily they have 
found time both to finish and furnish this very neat build- 
ing, all completed, without begging abroad, and have secured 
and comfortably provided for a minister, without any aid 
from the Missionary Society; all very creditable to the good 
people themselves, and worthy of being reported as an ex- 
ample to others. 

June 9. In Trinity Church, Parkersburg, I preached in the 
morning, and at night, after sermon by the Kev. Mr. Mee, 
I confirmed six. 

June 10. I preached in Grace Church, Ravenswood. I am 
happy to say, that since my A'isit the Rev. C. R. Page, of the 
last graduating class of our Seminary, has commenced mis- 
sionary services in Jackson county, and is officiating at Ra- 
vensv>^ood and Ripley, with very encouraging prospects. 

June 11. With the Rev. Mr. Hyland, who accompanied me 
on my -sisitation, and rendered me acceptable assistance, 
I proceeded to Point Pleasant, where I preached the next 
morning, and at night, after sermon by the Rev. Mr. Hyland, 
confirmed four. 

The Rev. Mr. Hayden, who has for several years been offi- 
ciating very usefully at Pt. Pleasant, and places in the vicin- 
ity, has felt it his duty to accept a call from another Diocese. 
A successor has not yet been obtained. June 13. I proceeded 
to Coalsmouth, now called St. Albans, and confirmed two. 
St. Mark's, at this place, is again vacant, and to an earnest 
and energetic minister, offers a good prospect of usefulness. 
June 14. Went by rail to Huntington, the new town, which 
has arisen so rapidly on the banks of the Ohio, and with ad- 
vantages which justify the hope, of continued growth and of 
increasing prosperity. At night, in a large hall, after ser- 
vice by the Rev. Mr. Hyland, 1 addressed the Congregation, 
and the next morning in the chapel of Marshall College, I 
preached and confirmed four. We have as yet no Church 
edifice in Huntington, but the Parish is regularlv organized,. 





IN West Virginia. 241 

thirty communicants, and, with a vestry of zealous and en- 
terprising members. All I saw and heard impressed me so 
favorably, that in response to their earnest request, I prom- 
ised to send them a minister as early as practicable. This 
promise I have performed. The Rev. E. Y. Jones, of the last 
graduated class of the t^eiiiinary, commenced his services 
there in September. He officiates one Sunday in the month 
at Barboursville. In his report to me dated November 6, 
1872, after alluding to the happy influence of a visit from 
the Rev. Dr. Minnigerode, and the Rev. J. S. Lindsay, he 
writes, 'Mr. Lowe, President of the Chamber of Commerce, 
New York, was much interested in our services, and the 
progress we had been enabled to make, and the Lord put in 
into his heart to secure for the prospective Church edifice, 
two of the most desirable lots in the city, and to encourage 
us with the hope of still further assistance.' From Hunting- 
ton, I returned to St. Albans, and the same evening reached 
Charleston, Kanawha. June 16. I preached in St. John's 
Church, Charleston, and at night after sermon by the Rev. 
Mr. Hyland, I confirmed eight. The next day and night were 
passed on the steamboat, making our way to Parkersburg, 
which I reached on the morning of the 18th, and left the 
same evening, for Clarksburg. June 19. I preached in Christ 
Church, Clarksburg, and confirmed eight. My engagements 
at the Seminary required me to hasten home, and so deprived 
me of the pleasure of visiting the Church at Weston." 

Statistics of the whole Diocese of Yirginia: Baptisms, 
1,429; confirmations 911; communicants 11,570. In Sunday 
schools, 9,697. Total contributions |146,58i.30. 

The Churches in AVest Yirginia reported 1,012 communi- 
cants. 1200 in Sunday schools, and |15,508 contributed. Con- 
tributions by the West Yirginia Churches; to Widows' ami 
Orphans' Fund, 140.24; Disabled Clergy, |103.84; Diocesan 
Missions, |615.71; Education Society, 1394.23; Bishop's and 
Contingent Fund, 1604.40. 

Appropriations from Diocesan Missions for work in West 
Virginia, §994.50. 

242 The Episcopal Chukch 

Key. li. H. Mason reports : "I have been officiating in Hunt- 
ersville, and on Knapp Creek, once in four weeks with much 
to encourage me. Communicants 8. Three are candidates for 
confirmation. Since the last Council, Union, Monroe county, 
has been placed within the charge of the Rev. W. L. Brad- 

Rev. Edw. Valentine Jones reports of Huntington: The 
first parochial report of this new Parish dates from last Sep- 
tember, when I took charge. 

The Rev. Horace E. Hayden, of Point Pleasant, reports: 
''This report extends to April 1, 1878, at which time I resign- 
ed the charge of this Parish to take charge of St. John's, 
West Brownsville, Pa. In the Foreign Missionary contribu- 
tions, is included the support of a Chinese boy, at the mis- 
sionary school, Wuchang. 

During the past Diocesan year, I have done missionary 
work only within the limits of the Parish, Mason county, at 
five missionary points. I have held service and preached at 
Mason City, Clifton, and West Columbia, places of an aggre- 
gate population of near 4,000. Every fourth Sunday in each 
month, morning, noon and night, until April Every 
fifth Sunday at Bruce Chapel, and occasionally at 
Buffalo, on the county line. There are three other 
missionary points in the Parish, which for want of 
time and strength, I have not visited for services. At 
these missionary stations the congregations are large and 
responses full. I always take with me a number of Prayer 
Books, and page out the service: I find the church is winning 
its way to the hearts of the people in this section, and in the 
upper part of the Parish, there is much promise of a good 
Church being organized at an early date. I have baptized 
five children at West Columbia, and our communicants in 
the three towns. West Columbia, Clifton, and Mason City, 
number sixteen. I earnestly pray that the Lord of the Har- 
vest will speedily send another laborer into this field now 
vacant. The Church building at Point Pleasant it is hoped 
will be ready for use bv Mav 1. 

IN West Vii{(jinia. 243 

I would add, that in the three towns above mentioned, I 
have received no salary from the people, but I have secured 
the pledge of |100 for the coming year, with assurances of 
nearer J$250, if the next missionary will divide his time be- 
tween these three places and Pt. Pleasant.' 

Rev. Samuel D. Tompkins reports of Volcano: "1 had held 
service in this place several years before, when I was engaged 
in missionary work. My first visit to the place was in Novem- 
ber, 1869. I preached in an old school house, and found five 
communicants. Here I held service occasionally for two 
years, until the Church was built, which was m the early 
part of 1871. There is no debt hanging over it. I continued 
to visit the place and hold service until the 24th of April, 
1872, when, at the request of friends of the Church, I took up 
my residence in Volcano." 

Council of 1874. Christ Church, ChapJottesviile, Va. 

Bishop Johns presiding. 

West Virginia clergy present: 15 (out of 18); also 10 laymen. 

New names: Rev. Jonas B. Clark; Rev. T. H. Lacy; Rev. 
C. R. Page. 

Bishop Johns, in his address, says: ''May 27. In Zion 
Church, Charlestown, I preached and confirmed thirty-five. 
May 28. I preached in Grace Church, Middleway. May 29. 
I preached in St. Bartholomew's, Leetown, and confirmed two. 
At night, in Trinity, Shepherdstown, after service by the 
Rector, I addressed the congregation. May 30. In the same 
Church, I preached and confirmed thirteen. May 31. In Trin- 
ity, Martinsburg, I preached and confirmed six. June 1. In 
Mt. Zion, Hedgesville, I preached and confirmed six. Among 
the parochial clergy but one has been removed by death, the 
Rev. Andrew Fisher, late Rector of St. Paul's Church, Wes- 
ton. His unobtrusive, but earnest piety, endeared him to his 
brethren, and secured for him the respect and affection of 
the seA^eral congregations which had enjoyed his faithful 

244 The Episcopal Church 

Bishop Whittle reports services and confirmations as fol- 
lows: 'July 25. Presbyterian Church, Pocahontas C. H., con- 
firmed two. July 29. All Saints', Union; confirmed one. July 
30. All Saints'. October 14. St. Paul's, Weston. October 
15. St. Paul's, W^eston; confirmed rive. Christ Church, 
Clarksburg. October 16. Christ Church, Clarksburg; Christ 
Church, Fairmont. October IT. In Trinity, Moundsville, 
which has long been without a Rector. October 19. St. 
John's, Brooke county; Christ Church, Wellsburg; confirmed 
three. Rev. Mr. Cowpland, the Rector, having been sick, 
for several weeks was unable to make any preparations fv>i 
my visit, or to assist me in the services. October 20. St. 
Matthew's, Wheeling; confirmed nine. October 21. St. 
John's, Wheeling; confirmed four. October 23. St. John's, 
Pleasants county. I was unable to meet an appointment in 

October 24. Trinity, Parkersburg. October 25. Emmanuel, 
Volcano. October 26. Emmanuel, Volcano; confirmed sev- 
en. October 27. Trinity, Parkersburg; confirmed five. Octo- 
ber 28. Grace, Ravenswood; confirmed four. October 29. In 
the Court House, Ripley; confirmed five. October 30. Christ 
Church, Point Pleasant, October 31. Bruce Chapel; con- 
firmed one. Christ Church, Pt. Pleasant; confirmed one, No- 
vember 2. Preached morning and night in Trinity, Hunting- 
ton, and on each occasion confirmed two. November 4, St. 
Mark's, St. Albans; confirmed two. November 5. St, John's, 
Charleston. Preached morning and night; confirmed eigh- 
teen (one being colored.^ 

November 6. Returned to Huntington, where two days 
were spent, in examining a candidate for Priest's orders. 

November 9. In St. John's, Charleston, ordained Rev. C. 
R. Page, Presbyter; Rev. Messrs. Callaway, Latane, Hyland 
and Barr, assisting. At night, after sermon by Mr. Hyland, 
confirmed four." 

Rev. John W, Lea says: ''I have preached at Ripen regu- 
larly 1st and 3rd Sunday afternoons throughout the year. 

IN West Virginia. 245 

also at Kabletown on the '2nd and 4tli, during spring and 

A most desirable lot lias been given us for our prospective 
'x.'hurcb at Kipon, and if we succeed in raising |7(J0 more, it 
will enable us to erect a neat stone Church at a cost of |2,500. 
The success of this enterprise will greatly strengthen Wick- 
liffe Parish and render it entirely self supporting." 

Eev. David Barr (St. Albans) says: "It is my privilege to 
report, that this Parish has improved in several respects 
since I took charge of it, by God's blessing upon my labors, 
which began in June, 1873. The congregations are nearly al- 
ways of very respectable numbers and often large. Evening 
services have been particularly well attended. The Sunday 
school, though small, is diligent and well taught; generally, 
the majority of the children belong to families of working 
people in the town, people who generally speaking, belong 
to other denominations of Christians. There is also a Union 
Sunday school in the Parish, several miles in the country, 
in which several ladies of the Church are doing good work. 
The Church building is greatly in need of repairs, the roof 
being in a very leaky condition, and the plastering frequently 
falling, in greater or less quantities. The vestry now have 
strong hope however, of recovering a sufficient amount from 
the United States government, to thoroughly repair it, if 
not to build a new Church, if it is thought best to do so.-' 

The Eev. Jno. F. Woods (Fairmont) says: "There is a good 
parsonage in this Parish almost paid for. I give one Sun- 
day a month to this Church, the best I can do." 

The Eev. T. H. Lacy (Pt. Pleasant) says: "My report dates 
from October 1, 1873, when 1 took charge of the Parish. I 
found some earnest workers in the congregation, who had 
long been engaged in the effort of establishing the Church 
here, and they through the agency of their .indefatigable 
Eector, my predecessor, who labored here for several years, 
had succeeded in building up a congregation, in the face of 
many difficulties, and largely through their own means, with 
help from without, they had almost completed a large and 

246 The Episcopal Chtkch 

handsome Church building. There are three points above on 
the river, in connection with the place, as missionary sta- 
tions, which I have visited regularly on the 3rd Sunday in 
the month, with the apparent prospect of good, as the pop- 
ulation, (chiefly of miners) greatly need the gospel and seem 
to desire the services of the Church. Only a few communi- 
cants are found among them but they are very zealous. The 
service is, for the most part, unfamiliar, and has to be 'imaged 
out,' yet the congregations are encouraging. Bruce 
Chapel, below, has also been visited on the fifth Sunday. 
Four communicants are in the neighborhood, one of whom 
was reported above, among those recently confirmed, the re- 
maining three were not reported. The congregations are 
good, and the work promising." 

St. Matthew's, Wheeling: Communicants about 200. The 
Parish Eegister having been lost or mislaid this rei)ort is 
informal and defective. 

Rev. K. H. Mason reports of Pocahontas county: "Commu- 
nicants 0. The member.s of this congregation being scat- 
tered widely over the county, there is great difficulty in car- 
rying on a Sunday school. But family and pastoral instruc- 
tion of the 3'oung is diligently attend to." 

Rev. Samuel D. Tompkins reports: ''In addition to my par- 
ochial duties, I have preached several times in Sistersville, 
my former home. The prosperity here seems to be much bet- 
ter than formerly. I baptized two children. They talk of 
building a Church. I have visited St. John's, Pleasants 
county, as often as I could. I have preached several times 
at Eaton Station, Wood county, where we have four wor- 
thy communicants. Also at Cairo, Ritchie county, where we 
have some true friends, anxious to have regular services." 

Grace Church (?) Pocahontas county, was received into 
union with the Council. 

Council of 1875. St. Paul's Richmond, Va. 

Bishop Johns presiding. Present from West Virginia, 8 
(out of 14) clergy and 7 laymen. Bishop Johns reported. Rev. 

IN West Virginia. 247 

P. Brooke accepted and since resigned, St. Albans. Rev. 
R. H. Mason accepted All Saints', Union. Rev. J. G. Arm- 
strong accepted St. Matthew's, Wheeling. Rev. A. A. Mc- 
Donough accepted St. Paul's, Weston, (Sept., 1874). 

Also as deposed from the ministry Rev. J. A. Latane and 
Rev. J. H. McMechen, (they having seceded from the church). 

Bishop Whittle reported services as follows: 

"July 31. After services by Rev. C. M. Callaway, preached 
in the Court House at Hinton, and confirmed 5. Aug. 2. St. 
John's, Charleston; conlirmed eight; Aug. 22, Mt . Zion, 
Hedgesville; Aug. 23. In the same church baptized a child 
of the Rector, and confirmed four; at night in Trinity, Mar- 
tinsburg; confirmed four; Aug. 24. Trinity, Shepherdstown, 
confirmed one; Aug. 25. St. Bartholomew's, Leetown; Aug. 
26. Christ Church, Bunker Tlill; baptized a child; Aug. 27. 
Grace, Middleway; confirmed one; Aug. 28. Zion, Charles- 
town; confirmed ten; Aug. 29.Wickliiife, confirmed three; 
April 7. St. John's, Charleston; baptized three children and 
confirmed ten; the Rev. C. M. Callaway, I was sorry to find, 
had resigned the Rectorship of this Church. 

April 8. Preached in the morning in a hall at St. Albans, 
and at night in Huntington, and confirmed one. The Church 
building at St. Albans was so much injured during the war 
that it has become unsafe, and the people being unable to 
raise the means to repair, have been compelled to abandon it. 

April 10. A. M., West Columbia; confirmed five; P. M., 
Mason City; confirmed six. April 11. Baptized a child of the 
Rector in Christ Church, Pt. Pleasant, and confirmed five. 
In the afternoon preached in Bruce Chapel. April 25. A. M. 
and P. M., Emmanuel, Volcano; confirmed two. April 26. 
St. Paul's, Weston; confirmed two. April 27. Christ Church, 
Clarksburg; confirmed one. April 28. Christ Church, Fair- 
mont; confirmed three. April 29. Trinity, Moundsville; con- 
firmed one. April 30. Christ Church, Wellsburg; confirmed 
three. May 1. St. John's, Brooke county; confirmed three. 
May 2. St. Matthew's, W^heeling; confirmed thirty-one; St. 
John's; confirmed nine. May 3. New Martinsville. May 4. 

248 The Episcopal Chukch 

Sistersville. confirmed one; May 5. St. John's, Pleasants 
county; confirmed one. P. M., preached in Williamstown. 
May 6. A. M.; Trinity, Parkersburg; baptized a child of the 
Kector; P. M., in the same church, preached and confirmed 
eight. May 7. Grace, Ravenswood. May 8. In the Court 
House, Ripley; confirmed five. May 9. A. M. and P. ]M., Grace, 
Ravenswood and confirmed eleven." 

Statistics of Diocese of West Virginia: Baptisms 1,348; 
confirmations 897; communicants 11,585. In Sunday schools 
10,902. Total contribution, |128,187.07. 

The Churches in West Virginia gave: Education Society, 
$465; Disabled Clergy |128; Widows and Orphans, |53.80. Di- 
ocesan Missions |232, Contingent Fund |776.50. Missionary 
appropriations to West Virginia, |550. 

Rev. John W. Lea (Martinsburg) says: *'I took charge of 
this parish, Apiil 1, 1875. My report is chiefly a record of the 
off^icial acts of Rev. W, D. Hanson, who resigned in Novem- 
ber, 1874. By connecting Wicklifl'e Church with Trinity 
and Mt. Zion, Churches from April to October 1875, a con- 
siderable sum is saved to the Missionary Societies, though 
my own support for the six months, is thereby but slightly 
increased. After October, my connection with Wickliffe and 
Ripon, and possibly Mt. Zion Church, ceases." 

Trinity, Shepherdstown, reports: Rectorship made vacant 
by the death of Dr. Andrews, May 24, 1875. 

Rev. James Grammer (Middlewa}') reports: "The result of 
the envelope system which has been in operation now twelve 
months, is that the pastor's salary is paid in full, but no mar- 
gin left for outside charities and missions." 

Rev. Jno. W. Lea reports: "During the past 3'ear, as here- 
tofore, I have held services in the school house at Ripon, on 
the 1st and 8rd Sunday afternoons. A church has been con- 
tracted for, at $2,100, and is to be completed by October, 1875. 
There are about fifteen communicants here, and 5 candidates 
for confirmation." 

St. John's, Kanawha C. H., reports: Five teachers and 
35 scholars at the Mission Chapel, West Charleston, under 

IN West Virginia. 249 

the superintendence of E. L. Bill. |1,000 has been contribu- 
ted for the mission chapel in West Charleston. 

St. Mark's, St. Albans, reports: Church vacant since res- 
ignation of Rev. Pendleton Brooke. Since the latter part of 
September last, the Church has been unfit for use. 

The Rev. T. H. Lacy (Pt. Pleasant) reports: "There are con- 
nected with this Parish, two Mission Stations, Mason City 
and West Columbia, distant 16 and 12 miles. There seems 
a good prospect for the Church in these towns. Most of the 
inhabitants are miners and laboring people. There are sev- 
eral Episcopalians among them, and of the 16 confirmations 
reported 11 took place there. Though some know and love 
the service, for the bulk of the congregations it must be 
'paged out'. There are a good many others, besides these 
who are connected with the Church in Ohio, but reside on 
this side of the river, who I suppose would join the Church 
in their midst, if it ever becomes regularly established. At 
Bruce Chapel, there are three communicants. They live in 
the vicinity of a regular Episcopal Church, but the neighbor- 
hood 'is so sparsely settled, that it hardly seems to justify 
frequent services. Their interest however seems abiding. 

At Point Pleasant, we have been struggling on, and en- 
deavoring to pay oft* the Church debt, and making efforts to 
forward the building to completion. This whole Parish is 
strictly speaking, a missionary jurisdiction, but this is the 
strongest place in it, and through the earnest perseverence 
of the zealous workers here, may eventually become self-sup- 
porting and independent." 

Rev. Jonas B. Clark, St. John's, Wheeling ,says: ''Seven 
hundred dollars of our total contributions (|1,455.35) was 
given by an excellent lady of this Parish, to redeem certain 
bonds held against the Parish. The balance was subscribed 
by the bond-holders themselves, and other benevolent mem- 
bers of St. John's Parish. The sum of .|55.35 was raised by 
a few estimable and efficient young ladies of the Parish for 
a Sundav school librarv." 

250 The Episcopal Church 

Rev. E. H. Mason reports five candidates for confirmation 
in Madison Parish, Pocahontas county. 

Rev. Samuel D. Tompkins, (Volcano) reports that on ac- 
count of the difliculty in business many people have left Vol- 
cano, among others some of our communicants. I had a good 
number of candidates for confirmation one 3'ear ago, but 
they left a few months since. I hold regular services at St. 
John's, Pleasants county, and at Cairo. The prospects in each 
place are encouraging. Occasionally I hold services at Sis- 
tersville, at Eaton Station, Wood county, and at Petroleum. 
I use the Mission Prayer Book, and have good responses. 

Rev. Mr. Rambo (Bellaire, O.) reports services at Mounds- 
ville twice a month; services for the convicts in the peniten- 
tiary monthly, also monthly visits to New Martinsville (Mon- 
day mornings). Number of communicants 8. 

Council of 1876. St. Paul's, Alexandria, Va. 

Bishop Whittle presiding. Out of 16 W>st Virginia cler- 
gy, 14 were present; also 9 laymen. New names among the 
clergy. Rev.. Edmund Christian, Moundsville; Rev. R. A. 
Gobbs, Charleston; Rev. Geo. A. Gibbons, Fairmont; Rev, 
Jno. P. Hubbard, Shepherdstown; Rev. F. A. Meade, Wick- 

Bishop Whittle, in his address said: "It is under peculiar- 
ly sad and solemn circumstances that we are assembled in 
this 81st Council of our Church in Virginia. Our venerable 
and beloved Bishop Johns, said to us in his address twelve 
months ago, 'During the past year not one of the clergy, ca- 
nonically connected with this Diocese has been removed by 
death.' But how different the report which I must make 
to you today. We had hardly adjourned and while most 
of us were on our way to our homes, the Rev. Chas. W. An- 
drews, D. D., Rector of Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, who 
had been arrested by sickness in Fredericksburg, on his way 
to the Council, after a most faithful and useful ministry of 
forty-three jears, on 24th day of May, 1875, ceased from his 
labors, and entered into the rest that remaineth for the peo- 

IN West ViifGiNiA. 251 

pie of God. No words of eulogy are needed from me, of one 
so well known, not only in our own Diocese, but throughout 
our entire Church, and wherever known so much admired, 
for his superior talents, and loved for his devout and earnest 
Christian spirit. It is enough to say of him that he 'fought a 
good fight, and finished bis course and kept the faith;' and 
we doubt not has received the crown of righteousness which 
the Lord, the righteous judge, has laid up for all them that 
love His appearing. 

"The Rev. Chas. E. Ambler was the next to follow. A pur- 
er and more lovable Christian character, it was never my 
privilege to know. I am not informed as to the day and 
month of his decease. He had been for many years in de- 
clining health, but 'while the outward man decayed,. the im- 
mortal man was renewed day by day.' So that when his 
change came, we doubt not an abundant entrance was min- 
istered unto him into the Everlasting Kingdom of our Lord 
and Saviour, Jesus Christ. 

"But our greatest sorrow for the whole Diocese was yet 
to come. Our beloved Bishop, the Rt. Kev. John Johns, was 
stricken with sickness on the 13th of March, and after linger- 
ing with us, amidst our hopes and our fears until midnight of 
the 4th of April, he finished his course with joy, and the min- 
istry which he had received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the 
Gospel of the grace of God. His end was not only peaceful 
but triumphant: God had given him for long and important 
service in His church. His ministry extended through a peri- 
od, of within one month, of fifty-seven years; the record of 
his abundant labors as Bishop and Assistant Bishop during 
nearly thirty-three of those years, being spread on the pages 
of your Journals. I can add nothing to what has been pub- 
lished by individuals, vestries, and other bodies in regard to 
the character, life and work of the dear departed. I will 
merely testify, that he ever treated me with the kindness 
and confidence of a father. The better I came to know him, 
during my intimate association with him, for nearly eight 
years, the more I admired him for his varied and great abil- 

252 The Episcopal Chukch 

ities, and loved him for his Christian virtues. But he has 
gone! The place amongst us which so long knew him shall 
know him no more forever. Surely his loss to me can never 
be repaired. May a double portion of his spirit rest on his 
unworthy successor, and may God's strength be made per- 
fect in my weakness. May we my dear clerical brethren, 
be enabled by the Holy Spirit to preach Christ, as uniform- 
ly, as simply and as earnestly as he preached Him, and may 
we all, ministers and laymen, receive grace to follow Christ, 
as he followed Him. So, (and what more can we desire?) 
may we die the death of this eminent servant of God. and 
our last end shall be like his." 

From Bishop Johns' Journal: "July 16. I preached in Wick- 
liffe Church, and confirmed five. July 18. Zion, Charlestown; 
confirmed fifteen. July 19. Grace, Middleway; confirmed 
three. July 20. St. Bartholomew's, Leetown. July 21. Trin- 
ity, Shepherdstown. July 22. Trinity, Martinsburg; confirm- 
ed eight. July 23. Christ Church, Bunker Hill; confirmed 
three. July 24. Mt. Zion, Hedgesville; confirmed five. Oc 
tober 11. I left home to visit the Western section of the Dio 
cese. October 12. Preached in Christ Church, Clarksburg 
The next day was spent in reaching Wheeling. October 1-1 
St. Matthew's, Wheeling; confirmed eight. I had no appoint 
ment for St. John's congregation. The house which they 
had occupied, but which never belonged to them, had been 
recently sold to pay the debt contracted in its erection. 
Whether the good people, thus unhoused will provide them- 
selves with suitable accommodations elsewhere, or unite 
with St. Matthew's, I am not informed. I am, however, hap- 
py to know that the Rector of St. Matthew's proposes to 
enter at an early day upon the missionary work, for which 
North and South Wheeling seem to be prepared. Returning 
by Grafton and Clarksburg, I passed on to Parkersburg, 

October 17. In the morning I preached in Trinity Church, 
and at night after a sermon by the Rev. Mr. Tompkins, I 
confirmed five. October 18. I preached in Grace Church, Ra- 
venswood. This and St. John's, Ripley, vacant by the res- 

IN West Virginia. 253 

ignation of tlie Rev. C. R. Page, have made arrangements 
for occasional services by the Rev. Mr. Lacy. October 20. 
At Point Pleasant I baptized an infant of the Rev. H. E. 
Hayden, former Rector of the Parish, and preached in Christ 
Church. The next morning, the only boat going down the 
river that day passed without stopping, and so deprived me 
of the conveyance on which I depended, for reaching Hunt- 
ington in time for my appointment that night. But the en- 
terprise of my clerical brother was equal to the emergency. 
Carriages were quickly provided. We were soon ferried over 
the Ohio; and by a rapid ride to Gallipolis reached the wharf 
before the boat had finished taking on her freight. I was 
thus enabled, to fulfill my engagement in the evening, when 
I preached to a large and interesting congregation at Hunt- 
ington. The Churches here and at St. Albans are both va- 
cant. United they might furnish a support for a minister, 
and a faithful and persistent laborer, in these fields, will not 
have long to wait for precious fruit. October 22. At Charles- 
ton, Kanawha, I was happy to find the Rev. R. A. Cobbs, re- 
cently elected Rector, of St. John's Church, who had has- 
tened to the Parish, that he might be there during my visit, 
and assist me in the services. As he had reached Charles- 
ton but a few days before I did, there was no time to arrange 
for confirmation. At night I preached in St. John's, and next 
day at noon left for home by the Chesapeake and Ohio rail- 
road. 1 

From Ravenswood to Charleston I was accompanied by 
the Rev, Mr. Lacy, whose services were very acceptable to 
the several congregations." 

Bishop Whittle's report: "August 14 and 15. Accompan- 
ied by the Rev. Dr. Meredith, visited Moorefield. where I 
preached twice in the Court House, made an address after 
sermon by Dr. Meredith and confirmed five. Here I found a 
small, but very earnest band of Episcopalians, who are carry- 
ing quite a flourishing Sunday school and are making an ef- 
fort to erect a Church. In this effort I trust they may be suc- 
cessful, and also in some how procuring the regular services 

254 The Episcopal Church 

of a minister. Entirely cut off by mountains and long dis- 
tances from all intercourse with members of tlieir own 
Church, they deserve the sympathy and assistance of their 
more favored brethren. August 20. All Saints', Union; con- 
firmed two. August 22. Preached and confirmed eight in 
Christ Church. Warm Springs, four of whom were from Po- 
cahontas county. I have received the following communica- 

Eesohitions of the Convocation of West Virginia: 

At the 20th regular session of the Convocation of West 
"Virginia, held in Christ Church, Wellsburg, commencing 
Wednesday, April 19, 187G, after a full and free discussion 
the following resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

Kes. 1. That in the judgment of this Convocation the in- 
terests of the Church in our State clearly demand a division 
of the Diocese of Virginia. 

2. That while we would prefer a Diocesan organization, 
yet rather than the division should fail, we ask that West 
Virginia, or such part thereof, as may be designated by the 
Council of Virginia, be set apart as a missionary jurisdiction. 

o. That we respectfully ask the Bishop and the ensuing 
Council to take the necessary action in the premises. 

4. That in expressing our views as above, of the neces- 
sity of a division of the Diocese of Virginia, we would have 
it distinctly understood that we continue toward our Bishop, 
the same loyal affection and high esteem for his zeal and fidel- 
ity, which we have always felt. And also that for our belov- 
ed and much lamented Bishop, recently deceased, we have 
the most affectionate remembrance and highest veneration. 

W. L. Hyland, President. 
T. H. Lacy, Secretary. 

It does not appear from the above who were represented 
in the Convocation. I should be sorry to see any of our breth- 
ren cut off from us, against their will. But if it shall be made 
to appear, that the ministers and people of Trans- Allegheny 
West Virginia, desire their territory to be erected into a 

IN West Virginia. 255 

separate Diocese or Missionary District, I trust the Council 
will do whatever may be necessary to accomplish their 

The trouble with regard to the Church in West Virginia, 
is not the want of Episcopal supervision. That portion of 
the Diocese as compared with some other portions, has re- 
ceived more than its share of the services of our late Bishop 
and his assistant. What is needed is settled ministers and 
money to support them. These are not to be had in West 
Virginia, and it is simply impossible for V^irginia to supply 
them. There is no more reason, why our Diocesan Mission- 
ary Society should be expected, unaided, to build up the 
Church in that, than in any other adjoining, but separate and 
independent State. It belongs to the Board of Missions of 
the whole Church to do this work in West Virginia, as well 
as in Colorado and Utah, and more than in Northern Cali- 
fornia, and northern and western Texas. To the Board of 
Missions, therefore, in my judgment, it ought to be transfer- 
red. I commend this subject, of so much importance to 
the growth of our Church, on both sides of the mountains, 
to the serious consideration of the Council." 

The application from Morgantown for admission as a Par- 
ish to be composed of Morgan, Grant and Union districts in 
the county of Monongalia, and to be called Trinity Parish, 
was granted. 

The application from Hardy, to separate from Augusta 
Parish, and to establish a new Parish, having limits contin- 
uous with those of Hardy county, and to be called Emmanuel 
Parish, was granted. 

Judge Sheffey, from the Committee to whom was referred 
the subject of West Virginia, presented the following re- 

'The committee to whom was referred so much of the 
Bishop's address, as has reference to the formation of a new 
Diocese in West Virginia, and, if that cannot be accomplish- 
ed, the creation of a Missionary jurisdiction of that portion 

256 The Episcopal Church 

of the Diocese; the memorial of the Convocation of West 
Virginia, asking for the organization of a new Diocese within 
the limits of West Virginia, or such portion thereof as the 
Council may designate; and the memorial of the Convoca- 
tion of the Valley, embracing the parishes and congregations 
within the limits of Jefferson and Berkeley, West Virginia, 
protesting against any line of division, which would separate 
them from the Diocese of Virginia, and indicating the Alle- 
gheny mountains as a proper line for the new^ Diocese, should 
one be organized; have had the same under consideration 
and beg leave to report: That feeling deeply the need of 
increased Episcopal services in the portion of the Diocese re- 
ferred to; but, having before them no satisfactory or suffi- 
cient data or facts, to base a definite report upon, and deem- 
ing it proper that opportunity should be afforded to procure, 
and lay before the Council due information on the subject; 
and that the same should be procured under proper author- 
ity, It is therefore, 

Resolved, That the Bishop be and is hereby, respectfully 
requested, to call a conference of the clergy and laity of the 
Parishes and congregations within the limits of West Vir- 
ginia; and that he request such conference, to furnish for 
the information of the Council at its next session, such facts 
as will enable the Council, to act understandingly on the sub- 

Resolved 2. That the matters referred to this Committee 
be postponed, for consideration at the next Council. 

Respectfully, W. L. Hyland, Chairman." 

Rev. James Grammer offered the following amendment: 
Amend the 1st resolution, by striking out the word "all," 
and adding at the close of the words "West Virginia" the 
words "exclusive of the Parishes in the counties of Jeffer- 
son and Berkeley." 

Mr. A. L. Carter moved to lay the whole subject on the 
table. Lost. 

The amendment proposed by Mr. Grammer was lost, and 
the report as offered by the committee was approved. 




REV. JOHN P. HUBBARD, D. D., 1876. 

IN West Vir(=mnia, 257 

Keports from fifteen Churches show 997 communicants 
and |7,570 contributions. 

The Rev. Jno. W. Lea (Martinsburg); reports that the con- 
gregation is looking forward, we trust at no distant day, to 
improving and enlarging the Church. 

The Rev. W. H. Meade (Charlestown), reports that the 
work among the colored people has such elements of hopeful- 
ness as to suggest the erection of a chapel for their use. A 
lot, and some $200 for building have been secured. 

Rev. R. A. Cobbs (Charleston) dates his rei3ort from Octo- 
ber 23, 1875. 

Rev. Geo. A. Gibbons says, that of the twenty-eight com- 
municants reported at Fairmont, five are at Morgantown, and 
one at Mannington. 

Rev. T. H. Lacy (Ft. Pleasant) says: 'There are connected 
with this Parish three regular Mission stations, Hartford, 
Mason and West Columbia and in these towns reside thirteen 
of the forty-six communicants, reported, besides several oth- 
ers, who hold their membership in the Church at Pomeroy, 
who would be more than likely to join the Church on this 
side of the river, if a Church building in their midst could 
be obtained. This end, so long and so earnestly desired, 
seems now more nearly attained than ever. There 
is a strong hope, that we may attain a building 
by purchase, which will answer every purpose, and be 
obtained much cheaper, than one could be built. Could this 
be done that portion of the Parish would doubtless soon, or 
at most before a long time, be self-sustaining, and have a 
remarkably fine promise of growth, being a central point, 
as the building we hope to purchase is, in the midst of six 
several towns, with a population in the aggregate probably, 
exceeding 4,000. These points have been visited regularly, 
as opportunity permitted. Sometimes on Sunday, and some- 
times on some day in the week, and great encouragement 
has been afforded." 

Rev. R. H. Mason reports, that he has held service at the 
White Sulphur five times, and several times at Hinton. 

258 The Episcopal Church 

Rev. Samuel D. Tompkins reports, that the prospects at 
Volcano are not as encouraging as they once were. 

Council of 1877. Trinity Church, Staunton, Va. 

Bishop Whittle presiding. Clergy in West Virginia: Rev. 
J. G. Armstrong, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; Rev. R. A. Cobbs, 
St. John's, Charleston; Rev. Geo. A. Gibbons, Christ Church, 
Fairmont; Rev. James Grammer, Grace and Middleway; Rev. 
Jno. P. Hubbard, Trinity, Shepherdstown; Rev. Wm. L. Hy- 
land. Trinity, Parkersburg; Rev. Robt. F. Jackson, Jr., Mis- 
sionary in Wheeling; Rev. T. H. Lacy, Christ Church, Point 
Pleasant; Rev. Jno. W. Lea, Trinity, Martinsburg; Rev. W. 
T. Leavell, Mt. Zion, Hedgesville; Rev. R. H. Mason, All 
Saints', Union; Rev. F. A. Meade, Wickliffe Church, Ripon; 
Rev. W. H, Meade Zion, Charlestown; Rev. Samuel D. Tomp- 
kins, Emmanuel, Volcano; Rev. Jno. F. Woods, Christ 
Church, Clarksburg. All present. > 

The following lay delegates were present: M. Page An- 
drews, Trinity, Shepherdstown; R. C. Berkeley, Trinity, Mor- 
gantown; Col. J. J. Grantham, Christ Church, Norborne Par- 
ish; James T. Lockridge, Madison Parish, Pocahontas coun- 
ty; James McNeer, All Saints', Union; Gen. John H. Oley, 
Trinity Parish, Cabell county; Dr. Spicer Patrick, St. John's,. 
Kanawha C. H., Maj. Alexander T. Laidley, Maj. Thos. L. 
Broun, alternates; E. W. Staples, Emmanuel, Volcano; 
Judge Geo. W. Thompson, St. Matthew's, Wheeling; W. E. 
Watson, Christ Church, Fairmont; Nathan S. White, Zion 
Charlestown; J. Thornton Young, Trinity', Martinsburg. 

Bishop Whittle, in his address reports: '"September 3, 
(1876), consecrated All Saints', Union, Monroe county^ 
preached morning and night, celebrated the Lord's Supper 
and confirmed six. Rev. R. H. Mason, Rector, and Rev. R. 
A. Cobbs, of Charleston, assisted in the services. The com- 
pletion of this building, simple and impretending, but com- 
fortable and handsome, was the consummation of hopes long 
deferred, of many prayers and of persevering effort, on the 
part of a few zealous Episcopalians. May God ever abun- 

IN West Viuginia. 259 

dantly bless the labors of the devoted Rector and his faith- 
ful co-workers. 

April 15. I'reached Diorning and nij^ht in Christ Chnrcli, 
Clarksburg and confirmed six. April 16. Preached and con- 
firmed two in St. Paul's, Weston, which is now vacant, Rev. 
A. A. McDonough having resigned the Parish, and removed 
from the Diocese. The last Council 'Resolved that the 
Bishop be and is hereby respectfully requested to call a con- 
ference of the clergy and laity of the Parishes and congrega- 
tions within the limits of West Virginia; and that he request 
such conference to furnish for the information of the Coun- 
cil at its next session, such facts as will enable the Council 
to act understandingly on the sabject". In compliance with 
this resolution, on the first of March, I issued a call for such 
a conference. April IS. The conference met in one of the 
Presbyterian Churches in Parkersburg, kindly loaned us for 
the occasion, our own, (Trinity), Church building having been 
condemned as unsafe for us to occupy.* The conference was 
well attended, two sessions were held and the best feeling 
prevailed. Without coming to any practical conclusion the 
brethren adjourned to meet again in this place. That meet- 
ing, I was not able to attend, but the conference will no 
doubt report its action to the Council. April 19. Confirm- 
ed four in Emmanuel, Volcano. April 20, In Fairmont, as 
in Parkersburg, our building being regarded as unsafe, I 
preached in the Methodist Church and confirmed five. April 
22. A. M. and P. M., preached in St. Matthew's. Wheeling, 
and confirmed twentj-one. 

April 23. Accompanied by the Rev. J. G. Armstrong and 
R. F. Jackson, Jr., visited Christ Church, Wellsburg, preach- 
ed and confirmed seven, and the next day after sermon by 
Mr. Armstrong, in St. John's, Brooke county, confirmed one. 
These two churches, I regret to say, have been for sometime 
vacant. April 25. Trinity, Moundsville, preached and con- 
firmed three. 

The Diocesan Missionary Committee, reports appropria- 
tions made to Rev. Geo. A. Gibbons, Fairmont; Rev. R. H. 

260 The Episcopal Church 

Mason, Union ; Rev. S. D. Tompkins, Volcano. Total appropri- 
ations, |250. Contributions of West Virginia Churches to 
various funds. Disabled Clergy, $97.54. Widows and Or- 
phans, 149.14; Diocesan Missions, |253.70; Contingent Fund, 

Parochial Reports: 

Com. In S. S. Cont. 

Rev. Jno. W. Lea, Martinsburg 84 98 427 

Rev. James Grammer (three churches) . . 39 60 226 

Rev. W. Thos. Leavell, Hedgesville 46 58 50 

Rev. F. A. Meade, Ripon 31 18 89 

Rev. J. F. Woods, Clarksburg 47 57 19 

Moorefield 14 25 1,013 

Rev. Jno. P. Hubbard, Shepherdstown . . 90 65 446 

Rev. W. H. Meade, Charlestown 186 146 1,750 

Rev. R. A. Cobbs, Kanawha C. H 95 136 130 

Rev. Geo. A. Gibbons, (2 churches,) Fair- 
mont 41 60 1,126 

Rev. J. F. Woods, Moundsville 18 ... 5 

Rev. T. H. Lacy, Pt. Pleasant 49 67 111 

Rev. R. H. Mason, Union 29 41 122 

Rev. J. G. Armstrong, Wheeling 2] 8 

Rev. Robt. F. Jackson, Jr 30 82 72 

Rev. Samuel D. Tompkins 16 30 

1,033 943 $5,576 

Remarks appended to reports. Rev. Jno. W. Lea — "Of the 
contributions $265, has been expended in improving the 
Church and recarpeting it, the result of the energy of the la- 
dies of the congregation." 

Rev. Wm. Thois. Leavell. "My report dates from Aug. last 
when at the request of the valley convocation, and by their 
pecuniary aid, the Parish was supplied with service every 
other Sunday by the present Rector." 

Rev. F. A. Meade. "Mission service has been held regularly 
at St. John's, Ripon, twice a month. This Church is com- 
pleted, paid for and ready for consecration." 

Rev. R. A. Cobbs. "During the past year the ladies of the 

IN West Virginia. 261 

Parish have purchased a neat, roomy, comfortable, and con- 
veniently located Rectory. The cost was |1,U80, one-fifth 
cash, and the remainder in three equal installments at nine, 
eighteen and twenty-four months, with six per cent, interest 
from Oct. 20, 1876. The first payment was promptly made, 
the second is provided for, and the others, will doubtless be 
forthcoming when due." 

Rev. J. F. Woods, (writing of Moundsville) says: "After 
the death of the former Pastor, the Rev. Mr. Christian, the 
parish was vacant, until I took charge of it last December; 
since which time I have been able to give it a monthly ser- 
vice without fail." 

Rev. R. H. Mason. "I have performed missionary duty once 
a month, either at Lewisburg neighborhood, where there are 
nine communicants, or at the White Sulphur where there are 

General Diocesan Statistics: 

Baptisms 1,448; confirmations 726; communicants 12,306; 
contributions |93,657. 

The Rev. Dr. Gibson, from the Committee on the Division 
of the Diocese, reported that the proceedings of the confer- 
ence in West Virginia, being laid before them they unani- 
mously sustained its action, by recommending to the council 
that a Diocese be formed comprising the State of West Vir- 
ginia, i. e., 

Resolved, That in the judgment of the Committee, should 
that portion of the Diocese contained in the State of West 
V^irginia, either with or without the counties of Jefferson 
and Berkeley, present to the Council a petition conformed 
to the constitutional requirements for the division of a Dio- 
cese, it will be expedient that such application should be 

The Rev. W. L. Hyland, from the conference of the clergy 
and laity of West Virginia, presented the following report: 

The committee, to whom was referred the resolution, re- 

262 The Episcopal Church 

lating to the creation of a new Diocese within the State of 
West Virginia, by the boundary lines between the said 
State and the State of Virginia, having had the same under 
consideration, report the following as embodying the re- 
sults reached by the conference of clerical and lay delegates, 
convened by the Bishop in the city of Parkersburg, on the 
18th of April, and concluded in Staunton on the 16th of 
May, and adopting the same as the judgment of your com- 

The committee appointed by the conference, beg leave to 
report their unanimous concurrence in the following reso- 
lutions, and recommend their adoption by this conference 
as its final action in the premises: 

1. Kesolved, That in the judgment of this conference, the 
interests of the Church in our State clearly demand a di- 
vision of the Diocese of Virginia; and the dividing line be 
the boundaries between the States of Virginia and West 

We further report that we have ascertained that at least 
12,200 and a residence, have been pledged, within the pro- 
posed Diocese, for the support of the Episcopate, and be- 
lieve that this sum can be materially increased; therefore 

2. Resolved, That this conference requests, and earnest- 
ly urges, the Council now in session to set apart West Vir- 
ginia as a separate Diocese 

J. G. Armstrong, 

W. P. Thompson, Secretary. Chairman. 

Your committee offer the following resolution and ask 
its adoption by the Council: 

Kesolved, That the prayer contained in the resolutions 
tendered by the conference of the clergy and laity of West 
Virginia be granted, and that the Council doth hereby give 
its consent, to the erection of a new Diocese, to be formed 
out of so much of the territory of the Diocese of Virginia, 
as is contained within the limits of West Virginia. 

Mr. M. Page Andrews offered the following amend- 
ment: Provided that no Parishes in the counties of Jeffer- 

IN West Virginia. 263 

son and Berkeley, who have signified, or may signify, their 
desire to remain in the old Diocese, shall be embraced within 
the limits of the proposed Diocese of West Virginia. 

Kev. John P. Hubbard offered as an amendment to the 
amendment: That the new Diocese be formed of so much 
of the territory of the Diocese of Virginia, as is contained 
within the State of West Virginia, as lies west of the boun- 
dary lines of Grant and Pendleton counties, 

Mr, Hubbard's amendment was lost. 

Mr. Andrews then offered as an amendment to his for- 
mer amendment: That the new Diocese consist of West Vir- 
ginia, except the counties of Jefferson and Berkeley. 

It was lost. 

Mr. Hyland's report, giving consent, &c., was then adopted. 
Clerical vote: Ayes 91; noes 4. Lay vote: Ayes 94; noes 10. 

Bishop Whittle then gave his consent to the erection of 
the new Diocese. 

Rev. John W. Lea offered the following: 

Resolved, That the action of this Council in consenting 
to the erection of an independent Diocese of the State of 
West Virginia, which was passed with such unanimity, is 
not to be construed as disregarding the wishes of any Par- 
ishes of West Virginia, to remain with the old Diocese of 
Virginia, or as forcing them from us, but as the decided con- 
viction of this Council, after hearing all that was to be said 
for and against it, that the good of the Church demanded 
this action. Adopted. 

264 The Episcopal Church 


Digest of Annnal Councils of the Diocese of West Virginia, 1877- 
1901, with Extracts from the Bishop's Addresses. 

Proceedings of the General Convention, Boston, October, 
1878, in giving consent to the formation of a new Diocese to 
be known as West Virginia. 

"Boston, October 9. 

The Kev. Dr. Hanckel, of Virginia. As a member of the 
Committee on the Admission of New Dioceses, to which was 
referred the memorial from the Convention of the Diocese 
of Virginia, I desire to present the following report : 

The Committee on the admission of New Dioceses to whom 
was referred the memorial from the Convention of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, in the Diocese of Virginia, asking 
the consent of the General Convention, to the creation of 
a new Diocese within the limits of the present Diocese of 
Virginia, respectfully report, — 

Whereas, A request has been presented to the House of 
Deputies from the Diocese of Virginia, that a new Diocese 
be erected in the present Diocese of Virginia, "to consist 
of the territory of the State of West Virginia, according to 
the State lines thereof," and, 

Whereas, It appears by olficial documents laid before this 
House, that the Bishop of Virginia has consented to the 
erection of the said Diocese, and that all the requirements 
of Article V. of the Constitution and of the Canons are ful- 
filled and, 

Whereas, The protest of Trinity Church, Shepherdstown, 
fails to furnish evidence to invalidate these facts, when duly 
considered in connection with the oflScial documents submit- 

RT. REV. a. W. PETERKIN, D. D., L.L. D., 1878. 


IN West Virginia. 2t)5 

ted to your committee, and the counter protest of G. W. 
Thompson, also submitted; therefore, be it 

Resolved, the house of Bishops concurring, That the House 
of Deputies do hereby consent to the erection of the said 
new Diocese, "to consist of the territory of the State of West 
Virginia, according to the State lines thereof." 

All of which is respectfully submitted, on behalf of the 
Committee. J. S. Hanckel 


The Rev. Dr. Hanckel, of Virginia. I will state that the 
action of the Committee, or of such as were present, — nine 
out of thirteen — was unanimous in regard to this report. 
I ask for the action of the House on the report. 

The Kev. Mr. Hill, of California. I would like to ask of 
the chairman of the conimittee, from Virginia, whether 
they are satisfied that provision has been made for the new 

The President. The Secretary will again read the report, 
so that it may be heard by all, and that will answer your 

The report was again read. 

The President. Under the rule, this report would lie upon 
the table for action under the calendar, but the Chairman 
of the Committee requests immediate action upon the res- 
olution. It has been customary to grant this request from 
the Chairman unless some special objection is made. If I 
hear of no objection I shall put the question on the adoption 
of the resolution. If objection be made, it will have to lie 
over as usual. 

The Rev. Mr. Hill, of California. I do not object to the 
consideration of the resolution, but I would like to have 
my question answered, for that would determine my vote 
upon it. 

The President. The report of the Committee states that all 
the requisites have been complied with; and the matter re^ 
ferred to by the Rev. Mr. Hill is one of the requisites. 

The Rev. Mr. Hill, of California. That is satisfactory. 

266 The Episcopal Church 

The resolution was then unanimously adopted.'' 

Preliminapy Proceedings in Virginia and West Virginia. 

A division of the Diocese of Virginia was agitated as 
early as 1821, but the first practical move made in the mat- 
ter was at a Convocation of the Clergy in Western Virginia, 
some seven in all, held in Charleston, Kanawha, in 1851. 
The Rev. James D. McCabe, of Wheeling, had prepared a 
memorial, looking to a division and it was presented, but 
Bishop Meade, who was present, opposed the move and the 
paper was withdrawn. 

The next meeting looking in this direction was held in 
Clarksburg, August 24tli, 1865, but as there was no guar- 
antee that a new Diocese could be supported, the effort 
came to naught. 

The subject was, however, from this time continually agi- 
tated, and on November 15th, 1872, at a Convocation held 
in Charleston, Kanawha, Major A. T, Laidley was appointed 
to open correspondence with the Vestries and to report at 
a Convocation to be held in Volcano April 23, 1873. The 
response from the Vestries was so meagre and incomplete 
that although the meeting was held nothing could be done. 

On January 19, 1874, at a meeting of the Vestry of St. 
John's, Charleston, another effort was made to get a full ex- 
pression of the people in behalf of the new Diocese, but the 
effort failed, it may be chiefly on account of the opposition 
in the eastern counties. 

In the autumn of 1875, Bishop Johns expressed himself in 
favor of the division, provided the support of the Diocese 
could be secured, and on April 19th, 1876, at the twentieth 
annual session of the Convocation of West Virginia, held 
in Wellsburg, steps were taken to bring the matter formally 
before the Annual Council of Virginia, meeting in Alex- 
andria in May. That Council recommended the calling of a 
conference of the Clergy and Laity of the Parishes and Con- 
gregations within the limits of West Virginia, to furnish 

IN West Vihgima. 267 

such information as might enable the Council at its next 
session to act intelligently on the subject. 

This Conference met in Parkersburg on April 18th, 1877. 
Two sessions were held; they were well attended and the 
best feeling prevailed. The Conference adjourned to meet 
in Staunton on May 16th. The result was the request to 
set apart West Virginia as a separate Diocese. The request 
was granted by the following vote: Ayes, clergy 91; laity, 
94. Noes, clergy, 1; laity, 10. 

Bishop Whittle having given his consent, the matter was 
brought up before the General Convention, meeting in Bos- 
ton in October, and by them ratified. Thus the Diocese of 
Virginia was divided and the new Diocese of West Virginia 

The Primary Convention was held in Charleston, Decem- 
ber 5th, 1877, resulting in the election as Bishop, of the Rev. 
J. H. Eccleston, D. D. He having declined, at the first an- 
nual Council held in Charlestown, February 27th, 1878, the 
Rev. George W. Peterkin, of Memorial Church, Baltimore, 
Md., was elected. He was consecrated in St. Matthew's 
Church, Wheeling, on Ascension Day, May 30th, 1878, by 
the Bishop of Ohio, assisted h\ tlie Bishop of Pittsln^''<.-. and 
Virginia, the assistant Bishop of Kentucky and the Bishop 
of Southern Ohio. 

Primary Convention of 1877. 

The Primary Convention met in St. John's Church, Charles- 
ton, on Wednesday, December 5th. Bishop Whittle presided; 
the Rev. J. G. Armstrong preached the sermon. There were 
present fourteen Clergymen and fourteen Laymen. 

The Rev. James Grammer was elected President, and the 
Rev, T. H. Lacy Secretary of the Convention, and Mr. R. 
J. MoCandlish Treasurer of the Diocese. 

On motion of Judge Geo. W. Thompson, the new Diocese 
was called the Diocese of West Virginia. The name "Coun- 
cil" was chosen for the annual meeting. Rev. James Gram- 
mer was elected President of the Council. 

268 The Episcopal Church 

The Rev. W. L. Hylaud, Mr. N. S. White and Judge Thomp- 
son were chosen a Committee on Constitution and Canons; 
they made a partial report and were continued. 

On the sixth ballot the Rev. J. H. Eccleston, D. D., Rector 
of Trinity Church, Newark, N. J., was elected Bishop. 

On motion of the Rev. T. H. Lacy, a committee was ap- 
pointed to confer with the Council of the Diocese of Virginia 
on the relations between us in regard to Church property, 

Mr. R. J. McCandlish was elected Treasurer of the Diocese. 

Judge Thompson stated that |2,469 was pledged for the 
support of the Bishop, and that |300 additional could be de- 
pended upon from Churches that had made no pledges. 
Judge Thompson was appointed Trustee of this fund. 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hyland, the Diocese was, pending 
the consecration of Bishop, placed under the Episcopal 
charge of the Bishop of Virginia. 

On motion of Rev. J. G. Armstrong, the salary of the 
Bishop was fixed for the present at |2,200; and it was also 
stated that Trinity Church, Parkersburg, had tendered an 
Episcopal residence in that city. 

The ballots were as follows: 


Whole number of votes cast 13. Necessary to a choice 7. 

1st. 2nd. 3rd. 4th. 

Rev. J. H. Eccleston, D. D., 2 1 2 1 

Rev. R. H. McKim, D. D., 5 5 5 5 

Rev. John H. Elliott, D. D., 1 _ _ _ 

Rev. W. H. Meade 4 6 6 7 

Rev. Geo. W. Peterkin, 1 I _ — 


Whole number of votes cast 15. Necessary to a choice 8. 

To concur, . 5 

To non-concur, . . . . . . . .10 

The vote was taken again, as follows : 

IN West Virginia. 269 


Whole number of votes cast 13. Necessary to a choice 7. 

1st. 2nd. 

Rev. J. H. Eccleston, D. D 6 7 

Rev. R. H. McKim, D. D 5 5 

Rev. Geo. W. Peterkin, 1 — 

Rev. J. H. Elliott, D. D., 1 1 


Whole number of votes east 15; necessary to a choice, 8. 

To concur, . 13 

To non-concur, ........ 2 

Members of the Council: 

Rev. J. G. Armstrong, Wheeling; Rev. R. A. Cobbs, Charles- 
ton; Rev, Geo. A. Gibbons, Fairmont; Rev. James Grammer, 
Middlevray; Rev. J. P. Hubbard, Shepherdstown; Rev. Emile 
J. Hall, Pocahontas county; Rev. W. L. Hyland, Parkersburg; 
Rev. T. H. Lacy, Point Pleasant; Rev. Jno. V\\ Lea, Martins- 
burg; Rev. Wm. T. Leavell, Hedgesville; Rev. Richard H. 
Mason, Union; Rev. Wm. H. Meade, Charlestown; Rev. Sam- 
uel D.' Tompkins, Volcano; Rev. John F. Woods, Clarksburg. 

Mr. J. L. W. Baker, Martinsburg; Dr. C. P. Bryan, Poca- 
hontas county; Dr. John T. Cotton, Charleston; Col. Jno. 
S. Cunningham, Coalsmouth; Mr. Geo. T. Kreglow, Hedges- 
ville; Mr. E. I. Lee, Shepherdstown; Dr. James Logie, Lee- 
town; Mr. Jas. MacNeer, Union; Mr. R. J. McCandlish, Par- 
kersburg; Gen'l. Jno. H. Oley, Huntington; Hon. Edmund 
Sehon, Point Pleasant; Judge Jos. Smith, Ravenswood; Hon. 
Geo. W. Thompson, Wheeling; Mr. N. S. White, Charlestown; 
Mr. W. E. Watson, Fairmont. 

Council of 1878. Charles Town. 

The First Annual Council met in Zion Church, Charlestown, 
on Wednesday, February 27. Biskop Whittle presided; the 
Rev. Mr. Cobbs preached the sermon. There were present 
fourteen Clergymen and seventeen Laymen. 

Bishop Whittle having reported, that the Rev. Dr. Eccles- 

270 The Episcopal Church 

ton had declined the Episcopate, to which he was elected at 
the Primary Convention of 1877, on the eleventh ballot the 
Rev. Geo. W. Peterkin, Rector of the Memorial Church, Bal- 
timore, was elected Bishop. 
The ballots were as follows: 


1st. 2nd. 3rd. 4tti. 5th. 6th 7th. 8th. 9th. lOth.llth 

Rev. W. H. Meade, . 7774466555 3 

Rev. E. T. Perkins, D. D., 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 

Rev. Jno. H. Elliott, D. D., 33333423333 
Rev. Geo. W. Peterkin, 22244234668 
Rev. J. S. Hanekel. D. D., 1 

Whole number of votes crtst. 14; necessary to a choice, 8. 

The Council took a recess until the next day, Fridwy, 
March 1st, then was taken the Lay vote. 

To concur, 15 

To non-concur, 2 

Whole number of votes cast, 17; necessary to a choice, 0. 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Hyland, an assessment at the rate 
of twenty five cents per communicant was made on the par- 
ishes for the contingent fund. 

Special Council of 1878. Martinsburg. 

A Special Council met in Trinity Church, Martinsburg, on 
Wednesday, July 10th, to consider the report of the commit- 
tee appointed to confer with the Diocese of Virginia in ref- 
erence to Church propert}^, etc. Bishop Peterkin presided. 
The Rev. Mr. Hyland preached the sermon. Present 8 Cler- 
gymen and 7 Laymen. 

The Committee reported that, in regard to the Widows' 
and Orphans' Fund, the Disabled Clergy Fund, the Bruce 
Fund, the Episcopal residence and the Episcopal Fund, it 
was considered that West Virginia had forfeited and relin- 
quished all right to any part of this property. Nevertheless, 
the Diocese of Virginia agrees to pay to the Diocese of West 
Virginia, the sum of |5,00(l, and the acceptance thereof shall, 
ipso facto, operate of all property claims of the one Diocese 
against the other. This was accepted. 

IN West Virginia. 271 

The rights of the Diocese of West Virginia lu the Theo- 
logical Seminar^' and High School, near Alexandria, were 
fully recognized and two Trustees given to it on the Board, 
as also on the Board of the Education Society. 

The Virginia Brotherhood held that the division of the 
Diocese operated to forfeit the membership of all the West 
Virginia Clergy. 

Council of 1879. Clarksburg. 

The Second Anuual Council met in Christ Church, Clarks- 
burg, on Wednesday, June 4th. The Bishop presided. The 
Rev. W. H. Meade preached the sermon. There were present 
13 clergymen and 12 laynien. 

Progress was made on the Canons. The Diocesan Missions 
Committee reported |805.86 disbursed during the year, also 
$800 received from the American Church Missionary Society, 
and |500 from the Board of Missions, all in aid of ten clergy- 
men. The Bishop recommended the formation of a Brother- 
hood like that in Virginia. 

From the Bishop's address: The new Diocese. 

"It cannot but be with a feeling of deep responsibility that 
we enter upon our work in this new Diocese. Whatever dif- 
ficulties may have been in the way of its formation, yet the 
very general feeling was, that it could not longer be delayed 
without injury to the Church; and I have been happy to find 
in my visits during the past year everywhere a spirit of hope- 
ful interest. We must remember that the immediate result 
of our new and independent organization will be not to les- 
sen, but to increase the demands of work, and we must be 
content to lay the foundation for future success, by patient 
labor now, and to cast our bread upon the waters, though in 
some cases w^e do not find it until after many days. The 
sparseness of our population, and the fewness and smallness 
of our existing church organizations, with but few excep- 
tions, warn us not rashly to expect impossibilities, and then 
to be discouraged because they are not realized. Let us be 
content rather with a gradual and more healthy growth, as 

272 The Episcopal Church 

a rule the strengthening of present Parishes, rather than the 
forming a multitude of new and feeble ones; the develop- 
ment from existing centres, rather than the multiplication 
of Missions sometimes worked to little profit and supported 
with very great difficulty. 

The Brotherhood. 

In December last I sent out a circular to the churches ask- 
ing for a contribution toward the formation of a fund for 
the relief of disabled Clergy, and while the responses to that 
circular were not such as could have been desired, yet a be- 
ginning has been made. 

Every one must feel the importance of having such a fund. 
At the present time we have no Clergy who can properly be 
called disabled; but we cannot tell how long in the providence 
of God we may be in that happy condition. It is not only 
the part of wisdom, but also a high and sacred duty, while 
we have opportunity, to make provision for a necessity which 
may soon arise. No sight can be more sad, or more dishon- 
oring to the Church that suffers it, than to see faithful men 
who have spent their strength, and often their scanty means, 
in the sacred ministry of the Word, on the approach of age 
turned adrift upon the cold charity of the world; may our 
Church in West Virginia be spared any such humiliating 

It is proper also, in this connection, to call your attention 
to the benefits which may accrue to our Church in West 
Virginia, from the formation of a Brotherhood like that 
which for some years past has been in successful operation 
in the Diocese of Virginia. 

The objects of that Brotherhood are too well known to 
require mention here. I may remind you, however, of its 
successful working, organized at the Council in Wheeling, 
in May, 1870. It has during the nine years of its existence 
been called upon to make eighteen payments to the families 
of deceased Clergymen. The average amount paid to each 
family has been over |1,200, and to accomplish this the an- 





IN West Virginia. 273 

nual tax upon each member of the Brotherhood has bceu a 
trifle over |4. It would be hard to devise another plan, 
which, with so little effort, would confer so great benefits 
as the Brotherhood has done. It is earnestly recommended 
to the Laity of our Church to see whether they cannot inau- 
gurate a Brotherhood among us here in West Virginia, hav- 
ing, it may be, the essential features of that in the parent 
Diocese, but modified where necessary to meet our altered 

It is possible that the same organization might have in 
trust any funds that might accumulate for the relief of the 
widows and orphans of deceased Clergymen. What organ- 
ization could better claim the name of a Brotherhood than 
one which sought to discharge such high trusts, the members 
of which, in the hour of supreme .distress, should gladly 
come forward with their cheerful offerings to help lighten 
the load of sorrowing hearts, and contribute to the support 
of a lamily whose head has spent his life for the welfare of 
the Church of Christ in this Diocese. 

I aiji informed that before the organization of our Dio- 
cese there were one hundred and thirty members of the 
Brotherhood in West V^irginia. Might w^e not expect, now 
we are in an independent and more responsible position, a 
very large increase of membership? 

We, who in God's providence are permitted to labor in the 
earlier years of this new Diocese, owe it to ourselves and to 
the Church, which will remain when we have passed away, 
to inaugurate such measures as will prove a help and a bless- 
ing for all time. 

In regard to these objects of which we have been speak- 
ing, and others which, like them, seem to require, beyond 
stated contributions, some permanent fund which should be 
administered in their interest, the question may well be 
asked, Why are they not more frequently remembered in 

274 The Episcopal Church 

that final disposition of the estate which we commonly make 
in prospect of another world? 

The fact that superstition has sometimes thought to atone 
for the selfish use of means during life by the gift of those 
means to the Church when they could not any longer be en- 
joyed, this should not make us act as if we supposed our- 
selves, any the less responsible stewards in the final dispo- 
sition of our estates at death than we are in their regular ad- 
ministration during life. Would it not sanctify every be- 
quest and cause it to carry with it a blessing beyond its in- 
trinsic value if, in the solemn hour when we make our last 
will and testament, in devout recognition of Him who giveth 
us power to get wealth, we thought of His kingdom in the 
world and recognized its claims? 

Where large bequests cannot be made, we know it is often 
the custom, even for those of very limited means, to leave 
certain small sums to dependents and to friends out of the 
family, as a last testimonial of esteem and affection. There 
seems to be no good reason why at least so much thoughtful- 
ness should not be shown in regard to church institutions, 
for which we earnestly labor in life, and in regard, also, to 
church funds whose maintenance and increase, as must ap- 
pear to us all, are so important for the progress and welfare 
of the Diocese. And perhaps it may be in the power of some, 
by a wise and large liberality, to make such provision for 
the temporal needs of their own churches, or of the Diocese 
at large that many who come after them shall rise up and call 
them blessed. 

Legacies have often been lost to the Church because of le- 
gal difficulties. To obviate these it may be expedient to con- 
sider the advisability of applying for the incorporation of 
a society or self-perpetuating committee to hold funds in 
trust for church purposes. In the meantime it is believed 
that where bequests are judiciously made, so that there be 
no feeling of wrong on the part of the family or other lawful 
heirs, in most cases the full amount would be promptly paid. 

At all events, it seems clear that legacies would have a 

IN West \ihgixia. 275 

more prominent place in our holy treasuries if we more fre- 
quently, in accordance with the Rubric in the visitation for 
the sick, earnestly 'moved men to be liberal to the poor,' 
or, in other words, since, as some one well says, by such 
words as 'the poor,' in the wide sense of Holy Scripture, 
we include every agency of charity to body and soul, legacies 
would more frequently come to aid us in our Church work, 
through the last bequests of our people. If we Ministers — 
as faithful men, mindful not only of the duty which a man 
owes to his reputation and his executors and his family in 
the just settlement of his estate, but mindful also of his 
duty to that kingdom of God to build up which in the world 
must always be, even to life's latest hour, next to his own 
salvation, his chief care and joy — would in our dealings with 
our parishioners, especially in prospect of the account of 
their stewardship to be given to God, move them to a rea- 
sonable and holy disposition of what God has enabled them 
to lay up in store. 

The Council of 1880. Parkersburg. 

The Third Annual Council met in Trinity Church, Parkers- 
burg, on Wednesday, June 2d. The Bishop presided. The 
Rev. J. P. Hubbard preached the sermon. There were pres- 
ent sixteen Clergymen and twenty-three Laymen. 

The Rev R. A. Cobbs was elected Secretary, vice Rev. T. 
H. Lacy, resigned. 

The Brotherhood was organized. 

Deputies to the General Convention, Clerical, Rev. W. H. 
Meade, Rev. R. A. Cobbs, Rev. R. A. Gibson, Rev. J. P. Hub- 
bard. Lay, Mr. X, S. White, Hon. Geo. W. Thompson. Maj. 
Thos. L. Broun, Gen'l. Wm. P. Craighill. 

The Council of 188 I. Shepherdstown. 

The Fourth Annual Council met in Trinit}' Church, Shep- 
herdstown, on Wednesday, June 1st. The Bishop presided. 
The Rev. Jno. W. Lea preached the sermon. There were 
pre.s-^jit sixteen Clergymen and eleven Laymen. 

St. Luke's Parish, Wheeling, was admitted into union with 
the Council. Metes and bounds, Wheeling Island. 

27G The Episcopal Church 

The Diocese coDsented to unite as a party in, and to, the 
Constitution of the Church Institutions at Gambier in the 
iJi«)rese of Ohio. 

Key. E. A. Gibson and Dr. E. A. Hildreth were elected 
Trustees for a period of three years. 

The Council of 1882. Point Pleasant. 

The Fifth Annual Council met in Christ Church, Point 
Pleasant, on Wednesday, June 7th. The Bishop presided. 
The Rev. Dr. Lacy preached the sermon. The Church was 
consecrated. There were present eighteen Clergymen and 
fourteen La.ymen. 

It was determined to build in Parkersburg an Episcopal 

Mr. Cruger W. Smith was appointed Registrar, and Judge 
J. P. Rogers, Chancellor of the Diocese. 

From the Bishop's address: "The work of building both 
Churches and Parsonages goes steadily forward. I have laid 
the Corner-stones of two Churches, and consecrated three 
others, during the year, and four other Churches will be 
read}' for consecration in the next two or three months. One 
Parsonage has been finished, and two fairly begun. 

The Clergy, also, more than ever, are trying to occupy our 
whole territory, and to make the smallest flocks, in the most 
distant parts of the Diocese, realize that they are not for- 
gotten. In this connection, I would call attention to one 
difficulty connected with our peculiar and enforced methods 
of work, which we must try, as far as we can, to remedy. 
When Service is held in a Church, or at a Station regularly, 
Sunday after Sunday, it is a comparatively easy thing to 
keep up a Sunday School; but when there is no such regular 
Service, but only one less frequent, it may be twice a month, 
or even only once; then the Sunday School is apt to suffer, 
or be abandoned altogether, and there is a consequent loss 
to the Church. As far as our own children are concerned, 
they can be taught, and ought to be taught, at home, though 
I am afraid it is not always so; but we suffer positive loss 

IN West Virginia. 277 

in our failure to reach and impress those other children, who 
are attracted to our Church, and those who find no Christian 
teaching or example in their own homes. We see that every 
now and then some earnest Christian woman solves this 
problem, as it presents itself to her. When she cannot have 
a school, she has a class. She gathers all who come to her in 
the quiet of her own room, and although they may miss the 
accessories of a more public worship, yet the children are 
really taught, and often better than they would be in many 
Sunday schools, the things that concern the Kingdom of 
God and the Lord Jesus Christ. Why should not we have 
these little Bible-classes all over the country? Why should 
not all the children, however scattered they may be, be thus 
taught, Sunday by Sunday, the Catechism which the Church 
has put forth for their instruction, the Creed, the Lord's 
Prayer, and the Ten Commandments, and all other things 
which a Christian ought to know and believe to his Soul's 
health? And why should not every Christian home be a cen- 
ter of influence, and a power for good? It cannot be doubted 
that just so far as Christian people fail thus to do this good 
that it is in the power of their hand to do, that they come 
short of their duty, and their privilege. 


The question of Temperance still claims our anxious con- 
sideration. The evils resulting from the drinking usages of 
society are so great and so far reaching in their consequences, 
as to call for the most earnest effort for reform on the part 
of all good citizens and good Christians. 

It is useless to disguise the fact that this question is com- 
passed with very great practical difficulties. We believe that 
the Church of England has inaugurated a true Temperance 
movement, which gives the largest promise of blessing to 
their whole land. It becomes us seriously to consider how 
far we can adopt the plan that works so successfully in Eng- 
land, and what modifications of that plan are required by our 
peculiar surroundings and situation in this country. 

278 The Episcopal Church 

The organization effected at the last Council has, I believe, 
not accomplished much, save the distribution of a few docu- 
ments. I have requested Mr. Graham, the representative of 
the American Church Temperance Society, to be present 
during our session, and to give us such counsel as may make 
our Organization more efflcient. Our territory is so exten- 
sive, and our Churches and Missions so scattered that in this 
work we shall have to depend upon local societies more than 
upon a General Organization. 

The Council of 1883. Wheeling. 

The Sixth Annual Council met in St. Matthew's Church, 
Wheeling, on Wednesday, June 6th. The Bishop presided. 
The Rev. W. T. Leavell preached the sermon. The Rev. Fran- 
cis K. Leavell was ordered Priest. There were present twen- 
ty Clergymen and twenty-three Laymen. St. Luke's Church, 
Wheeling Island, was consecrated on Sunday, the 10th. 

Greenbrier Parish was admitted into union with the Coun- 
cil. Metes and bounds, the county of Greenbrier (exclusive 
of the White Sulphur Springs Mission), and also the town of 
Alderson, in Monroe county. 

Deputies to the General Convention: Rev. R. A. Gibson, 
Rev. R. A. Cobbs, Rev. W. T. Leavell, Rev. L. R. Mason; 
Messrs. N. S. White, Maj. T. L. Broun, R. J. McCandlish, J. 
P. Rogers. 

Alternates: Rev. T. H. Lacy, Rev. Jno. W. Lea, Rev. C. C. 
Pearson, Rev. Joshua Cowpland; Col. W. P. Craighill, Mr. 
B. M. Ambler, Mr. E. I. Lee, Col. W. H. Hogeman. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Care of those Confirmed. 
Among the many difficulties connected with our scattered 
work not the least is the proper care of those who are 
brought to confirmation. Infrequent services, little pas- 
toral intercourse, imperfect acquaintance with the Church 
and her services and the want of suitable books to put into 
the hands of the people, these are some of the things we can- 
not but see and lament in our widelv extended field of labor. 

IN West Virginia. 279 

This is a most serious matter and calls for anxious thought 
and earnest effort. Our work is but begun when we gather 
into congregations, here and there, little bands of faithful 
people. We must have a care lest they afterward be scat- 
tered abroad as sheep having no Shepherd. 

Shall not the Clergy give their earnest thought to this 
most important part of their work; and shall not the lay- 
people, godly men and wom^n everywhere lend a helping 
hand? Shall not Parents and Guardians be more careful to 
teach the children the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten 
Commandments and all other things which a Christian ought 
to know and believe to his soul's health, so that every home 
may be as the Home of God and as the gate of Heaven? And 
shall there not on every side be a mutual care one for an- 
other that those who have little strength and knowledge may 
be guided and encouraged and led on in the way they ought 
to go? The Commission of the Risen Saviour to His Disci- 
ples wfis not only to go and baptize all nations but also to 
teach them all commanded things. Must we not have regard 
for this? And may it not be possible that sometimes in our 
zeal for the extension of Christ's Kingdom, we may lose sight 
of the less inspiring and exciting, but no less important work 
of caring for the Christian people already in the Church, 
and leading them on in the nurture and admonition of the 

I desire to take this opportunity to call your attention to 
two great evils, which seriously threaten the well-being of 
society; against which, therefore, Christian people should 
be ready ever to lift up a warning voice, and combat by every 
means properly in their power. I refer to Intemperance and 
a disregard of the Lord's Day. 

Intemperance and the Lord's Day. 

In regard to Intemperance, the public mind has been great- 
ly awakened of late years, both in Church and State. Leg- 
islation is often sought and secured, to check this monster 
evil, and with varying success. There is much diversity of 
opinion as to what form, precisely, legislation on this sub- 

280 The Episcopai. Church 

ject should take, but without describing that here, I am 
fully convinced that one of our very first duties as Christian 
men and loyal citizens, is to try more earnestly to have the 
existing excellent laws on the subject enforced. If our var- 
ious Temperance Societies in Church and State would put 
forth more efforts in this direction, as our Church Temper- 
ance Society in New York is now doing, much could be ac- 

There is often the widest possible difference in the condi- 
tion of towns in which the same law is nominally in force. 
It has come under my personal observation, that the existing 
law does prove eflScient in some places to suppress as far as 
we can see the evil of Intemperance, while in other places the 
very same law appears to be of no avail. We have need to 
remember that laws do not execute themselves, and there 
seems to be no good reason why the judicious laws we have 
upon our Statute books, as to the regulation of the sale of 
intoxicating drinks, should be suffered to be disregarded any 
more than other laws which have the order and well being of 
society in view. 

I do not say that nothing more in the way of legislation 
ought to be attempted, but I do say that the existing laws 
faithfully executed would greatly diminish, and in many 
cases break up the vice whose prevalence we all so much la- 

The second great evil of which I desire to speak is Disre- 
gard of the Lord's Da}-. 1 need not enter into any argument 
here to uphold the perpetual obligation of this Holy Day. It 
was made for man, to meet the moral and religious and phys- 
ical needs of his nature; and it is recognized among us not 
only as a religious, but also as a civil Institution, 

There is room for honest difference of opinion as to many 
practical details in regard to the observance of this Day, but 
I think all must acknowledge a growing tendency on the part 
of society, altogether to disregard its sacred obligations, and 
sacrifice any sanctity it may possess to the desire for pleas- 
ure or money. We hear much of what some are pleased to 






i\ West Vikginia. 281 

€all the necessities of our modern life, but can you bring- 
under such head Sunday theaters, Sunday excursion and 
freight trains, Sunday mails and Sunday papers, and the 
many forms of amusement, dissipation and traffic, with which, 
in some parts of the country, the people are only too fa- 

In the mad haste to be rich on the part of individuals and 
of corporations, demoralizing labor is often, on this Day, im- 
posed on multitudes of practically helpless employees, popu- 
lar respect for the Day is undermined, and in many cases it 
is believed, the Law of the Land is broken. Not only the in- 
terest of our "holy religion, which rest upon this day, as on 
a great bulwark, but our duty as loyal citizens, having the 
highest good of the community at heart, must prompt us 
to promote, as far as we can, among all men a true under- 
standing of the value of this sacred day to themselves, their 
families and to the state, and to lead them to resist whatever 
tends to deprive them of it, and do away with the just laws 
which now protect their Sunday privileges and rights. It 
has been well said that the cause of Sunday is at once the 
cause of the individual, the family, the parish, the people, the 
Kingdom of God; and that while we would not dictate as to 
how men should keep this Day, yet that the freedom of the 
individual must find its limits in the welfare of the commu- 
nity. I desire earnestly to call the attention of the Council 
to this important subject. 

The Council of 1884. Martinsburg. 

The Seventh Annual Council met in Trinity Church, Mar- 
tinsburg, on Wednesday, June 4:th. The Bishop presided. 
The Kev. Mr. Swope preached the sermon. Mr. R. G. No- 
land was ordered Deacon. In the absence of Rev. Mr. Cobbs, 
the Rev. F. K. Leavell was elected Secretary pro tem. There 
were present eighteen Clergymen and sixteen Laymen. 

The Bishop reported $3,819.00 received from various 
sources in aid of churches injured by the great flood of Feb- 

282 The Episcopal Church 

A committee was appointed to participate in the Centen- 
nial of the Diocese of Virginia, May, 1885. 

There was an appropriation made of |8,000 from the Per- 
manent Fund to the Episcopal residence. The Bishop's sal- 
ary was increased to |2,500. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Rev. John W. Lea. 

On the 15th of May, the Rev. John W. Lea, of St. Albans, 
was called to his rest. Apparently in robust health at the 
Convocation which met on the 23rd of April, there were com- 
plications resulting from a virulent carbuncle on the back 
of his neck, and in a little more than two weeks he wa& 
dead. At our meeting here in Martinsburg six years ago, the 
Missions Committee determined to oifer rheir first original 
enterprise, the Kanawha Valley Mission, to Mr. Lea. The 
charge was accepted, and since October 1878, he has been la- 
boring faithfully in that part of the Diocese, with residence 
at Coalburgh and afterwards at St. Albans. His labors were 
much blest and he was permitted to see and enjoy the fruits 
of them. 

Of an ardent temperament, Mr. Lea undertook his work 
with enthusiasm and carried it on with vigor. He had a 
hearty, genuine sympathy for his fellow man, whether he met 
him in the drawing room or in the mine, and this was, no 
doubt, one L^reat seci-et of his success as a minister. His 
heart was full of love of the Saviour, and he was ready al- 
ways to speak words of warning and counsel to others. 

He showed in his ministry the effect of his military train- 
ing; the gallant soldier became the earnest and brave Mis- 
sionary, outspoken and impetuous, but thoroughly loyal and 
as ready to follow those in authority as to lead others. Cut 
off in the midst of years and usefulness he leaves a large and 
dependent family. Even so. Father, for so it seemed good 
in thy sight. 

The Flood of February, 1884. 

In February, of this year the Ohio Valley was visited by 
a disastrous flood. Much of our Church property was dam- 

IN West Virginia. 283 

aged and many of our Church people lost very heavily. In 
the "Church News" of February 28th, 1884, a statement was 
made in regard to the matter, and it is all so fresh in our 
minds that there is no need that I should speak particularly 
of it again. But it is eminently proper that I should put 
on I'ecord here an expression of our profound gratitude to 
the friends who have so generously come forward to our re- 
lief in a time of so much distress; many of them are not 
known to us in the flesh, but we shall gratefully remember 
their kindness and pray for God's blessing upon them. 

The total amount received from the various funds 
Churches, and individuals has been |3819.06; of this sum 
$526.00 has been placed at my discretion, as might seem 
best in the general work of the Church, This has been for 
safe keeping covered into the Treasury of the Diocesan Mis 
sionary Committee, to be disbursed as occasion may require 
and with their advice, the balance of |3293.06, designed es 
pecially for the repairs of Churches and Parsonages, and the 
relief of the destitute has been disbursed, chiefly through 
the Ministers, resident, or in charge, as follows: Wellsburg, 
$525 ; Wheeling, $1,100, (of which the Island received $825) 
Moundsville, $95; New Martinsville, $245; Ravenswood, $50 
Willow Island. |50; Parkersburg, .|220; Huntington, $50 
Hartford City, Mason, West Columbia, and Pt. Pleasant, 
$748.34, a total of $3083.34, leaving a balance unexpended of 
$209.72, which will no doubt soon find its proper destination. 

The Council of 1885. Lewisburg, 

The Eighth Annual Council met in St. James' Church. Lew- 
isburg, on Wednesday, June 3d. The Bishop presided. The 
Rev. R. D. Roller preached the sermon. Mr. J. B. Fitzpat- 
rick was ordered Deacon, and Rev. R. G. Noland Priest. There 
were present nineteen Clergymen and twelve Laymen. 

A committee of nine was appointed to consider proposed 
changes in the Prayer Book. 

Places for the annual meetings of the Council were fixed 
in order. 

^84 The Episcopal Church 

The Kev. R. A. Gibson, Chairman of the Committee ap- 
pointed to represent tMs Diocese at the Centennial Celebra- 
tion of the Diocese of Virginia, then read the annexed re- 

*• Your Committee, appointed to attend The Centennial Cel- 
ebration of the Diocese of V^irginia, beg leave respectfully^ to 
report that on Friday, May 22d, 1885, they presented them- 
selves in The Council of Virginia. They were headed by the 
Bishop, and consisted of Eevs, R. A. Gibson, T. H. Lacy. D. D., 
F. K. Leavell, R. D. Roller, Col. W. P. Craighill, Hon. Geo. W. 
Thompson, Messrs. Edmund I. Lee and Benjamin Hurx- 
thall. Bishop Whittle welcomed the visitors and invited 
them to seats. Bishop Peterkin said in reply, that not to 
occupy too much of the time of the Council he had requested 
Rev. R. A. Gibson to prepare a pape." which he would read. 

Mr. Gibson then addressed the Council as follows: 

At a meeting of the Annual Council of tbe Diocese of West 
Virginia, held in May, 1884, on the recommendation of a 
committee appointed to consider a suggestion made by the 
Bishop, the following resolution was adopted: 

' That the Bishop appoint a committee, of such composi- 
tion as to number and Order as he shall think best, to at- 
tend the celebration of the Centennial of the Diocese of Vir- 
ginia and represent this Diocese.' 

In pursuance, then, of the resolution aforesaid, and by the 
appointment of our Bishop, we, a delegation of Clergy and 
Laymen, appear among you on this auspicious occasion to 
represent the Diocese of West Virginia. 

For 254 years (1607-1861) under the same political rule; for 
271 years (1607-1878) in identical relations, whether hinder- 
ing or helpful, with the Church at large; for 87 years re- 
joicing in the personal supervision and ministration of the 
same Bishop, we cannot, in a day or week, forget that long 
and eventful connection, and we promise ourselves that 
while remembered by us or by our children it shall not be 
ignored. Today the mother keeps her birthday, and the 

IN West Virginia. 285 

daughter, an only child, feai-less of presuming on her privi- 
leges, comes back to the homestead to pay her filial respects. 

In our opinion the history of the Church in Virginia, and 
especially of its revival between the years 1814 and 1845 — a 
period which includes the consecration of Bishops Moore, 
Meade and Johns — should be known to the Church people 
of West Virginia as well as to those who march under the 
standard of the old Diocese. To us it reads like a romance. 

Contemplating the depressed condition of the Church in 
the infant Commonwealth at the close of the Kevolution, 
and the failure for thirty years after of every effort to re- 
vive her, we are drawn into a realizing sympathy with the 
hopelessness, if not the apathy, which seemed during those 
dark days to have fettered her hands. Served only by minis- 
ters holding their commission from a Church identified with 
an alien Government; stripped of her property by the acts 
of her own legislators, many of whom had followed her sons 
in their struggle for liberty; regarded as leg:itimate prey by 
hostile Sectaries of every name; reduced in number of Par- 
ishes to less than one-half, and in Clergy to the pitiful count 
of twenty-eight; suffering in several instances from the im- 
moral conduct of her ordained representatives; without 
Episcopal supervision, without clerical organization, with- 
out power to increase her ministry, we cease to won- 
der that the religion of her people took narrower 
forms than those encouraged by her teaching, and 
that scepticism and v/orldliness ran riot in our Zion. The 
necessity of an outward organization of the Church for the 
' preservation of the faith, once delivered to the saints,' was 
never perhaps in history more thoroughly exemplified. 

But to our minds the other side of this picture is not less 
striking nor less full of instructive lessons. The first Con- 
vention of 1785, and the consecration of Bishop Madison in 
1790, were efforts after organization, which, to a great ex- 
tent failed of their object. The additions to the strength 
of the Diocese, made in the ordination of the Rev. William 

286 The Episcopal Church 

Meade and the consecration of Bishop Moore, however val- 
uable in themselves, seemed utterly inadequate to the task 
of resuscitating the dying. And the burning of the Richmond 
Theater, in 1811, was an event as foreign as possible to our 
conception of the conditions of Church growth. Yet these 
incidents combined — conspired, let us rather say — to raise 
the Church in the State of Virginia from the throes of im- 
minent dissolution to a position of commanding influence 
in the State and Nation. It is very wonderful, and yet not 
more so than the record of the awakening itself. For not like 
an invalid recovering from wasting illness, but like a giant re- 
freshed with sleep, the Church spirit of the Old Dominion, 
throughout its borders, and by a single impulse, bestirred it- 
self. The Valley of the Shenandoah, then a new land and full 
of lusty life, called to the regions adjacent to the sea, and 
the fertile many-fountained slopes, lying along the mount- 
ain's feet, repeated the summons and echoed the ready rply. 

To a mind in sympathy with the people among whom this 
movement took place, and especially with the cause it fur- 
thered and whose success it assured, few epochs in our his- 
tory are more affecting. Jerusalem awoke and put on her 
strength, careless, men say, of the beautiful garments in 
which that strength should be arrayed, but majestic in the 
earnestnes of her purpose. 

In 1815 Bishop Moore made an encouraging report to the 
Convention; in 1830, there were one hundred organized Par- 
ishes in the Diocese; in 1845 two hundred Parishes, one hun- 
dred Clergy, and fifty persons studying for the Ministry, gave 
full occupation to two Bishops. A period, we remark, of 
thirty years, which it is impossible not to contrast with the 
thirty years preceding, during which the Clergy list, small 
to begin with, had steadily decreased until only seven could 
be gotten together for the important work of electing a 

The story is told in brief on the monument of Bishop 
Moore, which, almost hidden among the trees of Shockoe 

IX West Viu(iiNiA. 287 

Hill cemetery, is yet a shrine towards which the feet of 
every Virginia Churchman should at some time be turned. 
Part of the inscription runs thus: ' In the Convention that 
called him to the Episcopate there were only seven mem- 
bers; at the time of his death there were ninety-five Clergy 
men in the Diocese of Virginia.' Truly, God's ways are not 
our ways, and the indications of His providential care over 
His Church, afforded in the events to which this slight ref- 
erence is made, we of West Virginia would not fail to re- 
call, if for no other reason than this, that from there we 
may gain renewed assurance of the divine favor on a similar 
task, which in His name we have set for ourselves. 

Nor would we forget the men whose names are identified 
with this noble movement. Bishop Moore — 'with many distin- 
guished qualifications for the work of revival' — gracious, elo- 
quent, and loving. Bishop Meade, wise, untiring, indomitable, 
iand, in the discharge of duty, at home and abroad, absolutely 
fearless. A born leader of men, his figure would be conspicu- 
ous in any group where he may be found. Wilmer and Norris, 
who brought to us from Maryland their varied gifts and ac- 
quirements in answer to our appeal, 'Come over and help us.' 
Balmain, generous and disinterested, occupying an advance 
post in the good old town of Winchester. Syme, who, by 
virtue of a blameless life and a commanding position on 
Court House Hill, held the fort in I'etersburg. Buch- 
anan, the approved preacher, the unequalled reader, 
the genial companion, tLe bounteous friend, of whom a con- 
temporary wrote immediately after his death: 'The Saviour 
said, 'Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, 
with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first 
and great cojumandiucnt, and the second is like unto it. 
Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.' These two laws 
were written on the tablets of this excellent man's heart.' 
No Christian ever had a higher eulogy. 

And side by side with these as from the section of the old 
State from which our Diocese is framed, we particularly 

288 The Epis(jopal Chukch 

mention Benjamin Allen, of whom it is recorded that in his 
ministry he left few neighborhoods in Jefferson and Berke- 
ley unfrequented, and by reason of the fact that he read, 
meditated, and composed, and perhaps, like Caesar, wrote 
on horseback, was ready to preach wherever he came. John 
Thompson Brooke, whose first charge was Martinsburg and 
Hedgesville, and whose finished sermons were written only 
on the pages of his wonderful memory. 

Joseph Doddridge, M. D., who, besides ministering to a 
congregation on the hills of Brooke County, and preaching 
in Wheeling, confers upon Virginia the lionor of sending the 
first Episcopal missionary into Ohio, where he organized 
five Parishes. John Armstrong, first Rector in Wheeling, 
whose ministry, whether we know anything else of it or not^ 
has one infallible seal, his worthy son ^¥illiam succeeded 
in time to the father's work. In these men, their virtues, and 
the memory of their labors, we here claim a heritage, which 
for West Virginia and her children we desire to make per- 

But West Virginia is a Diocese, complete in equipment, 
developing in strength, already, comparative statistics being 
the witness, holding no mean place among the Churches. 
Adopting the language of the preface to the Prayer Book, 
we think proper to make here the grateful acknowledgment 
that the- Church we represent ' is indebted under Cod for its 
first foundation and a long continuance of nursing care and 
protection' to the Church in Virginia. 

It is a source of gratification to us that many of yoar 
Clergy — among them Bishop Whittle — ministered in our 
Parishes; that the first missionaries from Virginia, to Vir- 
ginia west of the Alleghenies — the Kev. Charles Page and tho 
Rev. William Lee — were sent by the Association of the Val- 
ley, an organization which, under the n;ime of the Valley 
Convocation, by its generous disregard of State lines, still 
binds the two Dioceses together; that for years the occu- 
pants of most of our pulpits Mere assigned to their posts by 





IN West Virginia. 289 

the Bishop of Virginia; that our Clergy were from the Vir- 
ginia Seminary, and our Laity took lessons in Church Legis- 
lation in your Councils. If, in this last connection, it should 
ever be agreed that improvements have been made on the 
copy, surely the teacher will rejoice in the pupil's aptness. 

It is not, however, characteristic of our Western people 
to dwell long, certainly not exclusively, on the past. Look- 
ing to a future, to be marked by achievements greater than 
any w^e have yet seen, we value chiefly the present as the 
period in which our part, if done at all, is to be performed. 
And today West Virginia counts its relation to the old Dio- 
cese both interesting and important. 

The endowment of |5,000, received when we were starting 
our organization, has, with other funds, enabled us to pro- 
vide a substantial and commodious house for our Bishop, 
situated on a hill overlooking one of the most beautiful val- 
ley s in this country, and not less desirably located ecclesi- 

The position accorded us on the Board of Trustees of the 
Seminary of Virginia is a gratifying one. Whether we had 
any voice in the management of the institution or not, we 
believe it would still be 'our Seminary,' but under the pres- 
ent organization the bond is even closer and more secure. 

Our contributions for religious and theological education 
are handed over in bulk to the Virginia Education Society, 
and the act is regarded by us, not as a return for the aid 
afforded us by that Society, but as a recognition of its gen- 

For the benefits, therefore, which at this very time the Dio- 
cese of West Virginia is receiving from Virginia, we take this 
occasion of general gathering and mutual congratulations to 
express our obligations. In Smith's History of Virginia it 
is related that 'the first religious services in the Colony were 
held by the Church of England — Chaplain, Good Parson 
Hunt — under an awning and common tent.' So small was 
the beginning of the Church to which we give our allegiance. 

290 The Episcopal Church 

How that tent has stretched! The dimensions ascribed in 
an Eastern story to a shelter of that liind are not worthy 
to be its measure — that the creation of an Oriental imagina- 
tion, when folded, could be carried in the hand, but, when 
pitched, accommodated an army. The awning under which 
the Church in Virginia llrst gathered has spread its folds 
over a State! — two States!! — may we not say half a conti- 
nent? And still the command comes to lengthen our cords 
and to strengthen our stakes. Truth is stranger than fiction. 
In our case, as well as in that of the world at large, the 
prophecy has been fulfilled : ' The little one shall become a 
thousand, and the small one a strong nation.' 

Brethren of Virginia, the West Virginia delegation is here 
today to mingle with your thanksgivings for favors received 
in the past. We are here also to supplicate with you the 
Throne of Grace, that in love and in zeal we may walk wor- 
thy of the vocation wherewith as Christians and as Church- 
men we are called. 

Such an answer to our prayers, as we may reasonably ex- 
pect, will furnish ground for renewed thanksgiving a hundred 
years hence." 

On the next day Judge Sheffey, from the Committee ap- 
pointed to prepare a reply to the congratulations extended 
by the Diocese of West Virginia, reported the following res- 

''Resolved, That the Council of the Diocese of Virginia, de- 
sires to express its cordial and grateful appreciation of the 
Centennial greeting, so eloquently and s"k affectionately ten- 
dered to the Diocese on yesterday by the Bishop and other 
Deputies from the Diocese of West Virginia. In this, the 
hundredth anniversary of the orderly reorganization of the 
Church in her borders in 1785, the Mother Diocese with warm 
heart and just maternal pride returns the greeting of her 
daughter, and rejoices to point to her as one of her jewels; 
and she humbly prays that the mother and the daughter may 
continue to walk together in love and in the unity of common 

IN West Virginia. 291 

spirit to set forward and maintain the precious 'faith once 
delivered to the saints.' " 

Eespectfully submitted, 

Robert A. Gibson, Chairman. 

The Council of 1886. Charles Town. 

The Ninth Annual Council met in Zion Church, Charles- 
town, on Wednesday, June 2d. The Bishop presided. The 
Rev. C. C. Pearson preached the sermon. The Revs. J. B. 
Fitzpatrick and H. T. Wirgman were ordered Priests. There 
were present nineteen Clergymen and sixteen Laymen. 

The Bishop announced the movement for a Hospital, Or- 
phanage and Home in the Kanawha Valley, begun in Jan- 
uary. Receipts to date, 12,768.41. 

Deputies to the General Convention: Rev. R. R. Swope, 
Rev. R. A. Gibson, Rev. L. R. Mason, Rev. R. A. Cobbs, Gen'l. 
Wm. P. Craighill, Mr. N. S. White, Mr. R. J. McCandlish, 
Maj. Thos. L. Broun. 

Alternates: Rev. R. D. Roller, Rev. T. H. Lacy, D. D.. 
Rev. Dallas Tucker, Rev. C. C. Pearson, Prof. R. C. Berke- 
ley, Mr. Cruger Smith, Mr. E. I. Lee, Mr. Ben Hurxthal. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Church Music. 

I want to say a word to the Council on the subject of 
the music of the Church. It is a very important subject, 
since so large a part of our service may be musical, and 
since the hymns and chants not only form a pleasing feature 
and afford a grateful variety in our worship, but contain al«o, 
in familiar and beautiful form, the most precious truths of 
the Gospel of our Saviour, Christ. 

These hymns and chants are for all, and when a large part 
of the congregation is practically barred from using them, or 
systematically discouraged in trying to do so. there is great 
impropriety committed and great injustice done. Not to 
speak of music that is light and unseemly, it is far too often 

292 The Episcopal Church 

the case that its newness or its difficulty, practically, ex- 
cludes the greater part of the people from joining in it. 

If the Book of Common Prayer is to be looked upon, not 
only in the nature of a guide to public worship, but also in 
the light of a compact between all who mutually accept it, 
we may well demand, in behalf of a large part of those who 
worship in our churches, that they be not thus debarred 
from taking part in the service. By what right do a few 
persons monopolize the magnificent verses of the Te Deum, 
or those sweet Psalms of David? Surely it cannot tend to 
edification to have the great mass of the congregation pain- 
fully and impatiently waiting, while the choir is making such 
intricate progress through the words of the chants, that al- 
most every feeling of devotion is lost in a natural anxiety 
as to whether they will safely reach the conclusion. 

Although this is, confessedly, a most difficult matter to 
deal with, yet the Minister must face the responsibility, and 
not allow so important a part of the pub]ic worship of God, 
to be so often shorn, as I fear it is, of all its power. I do 
not desire Council to take any action on this part of my ad- 
dress, but I do desire, in all seriousness, to bring this matter 
to the attention of the Clergy, and to beg them that they 
will try to promote the spirit and edification of our services 
by greater care over the music, which the Church puts under 
their charge. 

The Bishop's Visitations. 

It is impossible, in a widely extended Diocese like that of 
West Virginia, always to time the Bishop's visitations to 
each Parish, so that it will be most convenient to the Hec- 
tor and most helpful to his work. On the one hand, it is 
an advantage to have such a time as that of the Bishop's vis- 
itation to look forward to, as it may help some persons the 
better to realize the necessity of decision in spiritual things, 
and lead them to look upon such visitation as an opportunity 
that ought not to be neglected. But on the other hand. 

IN West Virginia. 293 

harm may be done if direct effort to bring the wanderers 
into the fold is relaxed at other times, and the idea gains 
credence that no one can formally identify himself with the 
Church, and thus confess Christ, except on the occasion of an 
Episcopal visitation. There is express provision for admit- 
ting to the Communion those who are ready and desirous to 
be confirmed, and I would that our Clergy more frequently 
availed themselves of this liberty. 

Everybody' ought to know that our church doors are al- 
ways open, and that while we do not undervalue special in- 
strumentalities, or the help that we find in stated seasons of 
special service, yet, that we look mainly to the regular min- 
istrations of the Sanctuary, and to the preaching of the word 
from house to house, in the regular pastoral work of the 
Clergy, for the awakening and ingathering of souls. So the 
Parish work can everywhere be carried on without hindrance, 
and the people may grow into the idea that the Minister 
is always ready to receive them into the Church; admit 
them to the privileges of Communion, and enroll them among 
those to be confirmed by the Bishop whenever he may make 
his visitation. 

The Council of 1887. Weston. 

The Tenth Annual Council met in St. Paul's Church, Wes- 
ton, on Wednesday, June 1st. The Bishop presided. The 
Rev. R. A. Gibson preached the sermon. There were pres- 
ent fourteen Clergymen and nineteen Laymen. 

The Rev. R. D. Roller was elected Secretary, vice Rev. 
R. A. Cobbs, resigned. 

The Bishop referred to the proposal to change the name 
of the Church as follows: 

There is one point, however, which seems to demand some 
further mention; I mean the effort made to change the name 
of our Church, or at least to omit the word ^'Protestant" 
from the Title Page of the Prayer Book. I am glad to know 
that both propositions were steadily opposed by the Depu- 

294 The Episcopal Church 

ties from this Diocese. It does not become us to denounce 
those who favor such a change as disloyal to our Church, 
or to interpret too freeh* their motives, except so far as they 
are avowed. No doubt some are actuated by the sentiment 
of the thing, some by what appears to them to be a severe 
logical necessity, some are fascinated by the vision of an 
all-embracing Church which scorns any name of limitations, 
and others thoroughly dislike the word "Protestant," and 
everything it implies. But we must remember that if we re- 
sent, as insulting, the dogiaatism which would relegate all 
opposing such change to the position of ignorant and nar- 
row minded Sectaries, we must be careful lest we also are 
offenders, by accusing or suspecting those who differ from 
us about such matters, of unfaithfulness to their ordination 
vows, and as cherishing secret designs to carry us toward 
Rome, if not actually to Rome. 

It is well for us, however, to note in regard to this partic- 
ular measure that it comes mainly from those who differ 
most widely from us in their view of the nature and func- 
tions of the Church, in the whole operation of the Divine sys- 
tem of grace upon the heart of man. 

I am trying simply to state the facts of the case without 
argument. We cannot avoid being influenced in the first 
place by such considerations as those I have mentioned, but 
I trust we would have the honesty and manliness to avoid 
blind prejudice against any measure simp'ly because we dis- 
agree with many who promote it. We find, however, on 
fuller examination that we cannot accept the arguments 
which are advanced ais in favor of such changes, come from 
what quarter they may. The most formal confession of 
faith that this Church has made — after the Catholic Creeds 
— is to be found in the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion, and 
they are thoroughly Protestant. It would, I think, tend 
very much to promote good feelings and a clear understand- 
ing among those who, in the prm-idence of God, find them- 
selves often opposed to each other in such matters, if there 

IN West Virginia. 295 

were a more distinct avowal of our general position. If there 
be those who would like to get rid of the Thirty-nine Arti- 
cles, or modify them, so that they should contain a more ex- 
clusive definition of what constitutes the visible Church of 
God; should affirm a more close and vital connection between 
the outward and visible sign, and the inward and spiritual 
grace in the Sacraments, and should relax somewhat the 
statement that those five rites, commonly called Sacraments, 
are not to be counted as such, for this, among other reasons, 
that they have grown of the corrupt following of the Apos- 
tles, and should allow tradition to share somewhat more with 
the Church the authority now claimed for the Scriptures. I 
say if there be such persons we will not denounce them — let 
them speak their sentiments; but when we come to know 
their views on such like points as those I have just spoken 
of, it must necessarily be that we shall be made very cautious 
in following their lead in other matters. In the meantime 
we claim for ourselves the liberty we desire always to allow 
others. We will not try to narrow this comprehensive 
Church of ours in one direction more than in another. We 
affirm our adhesion to the Articles as they stand, and without 
the glosses which have to be put upon them to make them — 
as we think — teach anything else but what has been accept- 
ed as always according with the name Protestant. We are 
satisfied with the wording of the Sixth Article, as it sets 
forth the Rules of Faith. We are satisfied with the wording 
of the Nineteenth Article, when it defines the Visible 
Church. We are satisfied with the wording of the Twenty- 
fifth Article, when it tells us of the two Sacraments — with 
the Twenty-seventh Article, when it tells us that in Baptism 
Faith is confirmed and Grace increased by the virtue of 
prayer unto God, and with the Twenty-eighth Article, in 
which we are taught that the Body of Christ is given, taken 
and eaten In the supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual 
manner. In other words, we do not think that this grand old 
Church of ours has been going along in a poor, halting man- 

296 The Episcopal Church 

ner, during all these years, and now is to have its doctrinal 
standards revised, and its Ritual changed by the introduction 
of things which were intelligently discarded three hundred 
years ago. 

We are opposed to such things and shall resist the changes, 
and because this word Protestant has, in the course of events, 
come to stand for that system of faith and practice, which 
was in the exercise of her undoubted right, set forth as of 
authority by our Reformed Church three hundred years ago: 
therefore we mean to keep it, not only as an old landmark, 
but because the very sound of it is grateful and pleasant lo 
our ears. There are other aspects of the question which could 
be very much enlarged upon were it necessary to do so. I 
will only add this, that since the adjournment of the General 
Convention, I have seen statements from prominent advo- 
cates of the measure, in which they acknowledge that the 
present time at least is not a favorable one for the change, 
we may therefore hope that it will not be pressed so strongly 
in 1889. We must, however, be on the alert, and not forget 
the avowed purpose of many who are encouraged by the 
past history of the proposed measure. In my judgment it 
would be inexpedient in the last degree to make any such 
change, compelling us to be on the defensive and making our 
Church an object of suspicion, where now she has the most 
favorable regard. W^e want no narrow, unreasoning conserv- 
atism, but we do want an intelligent understanding of the 
real questions at issue, and of what they involve. We do 
want, and I trust we shall always have in this Diocese, a 
staunch adherence to the Doctrine, Discipline and Worship, 
which this Church has received, and which she commits to 
us to hand down unimpaired to those that shall come after us. 

A committee was appointed on this portion of the Bishop's 
Address, and reported resolutions, which were unanimously 
adopted as follows: 

Whereas, a persistent effort, extending through a series 
of years and assuming several different shapes, has been 


^--^ J 




IN West Virginia. 297 

made in the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States to change the name of the 
Church, and — 

Whereas, the advocates of such change claim that they are 
gaining ground year by year, and that in one form or an- 
other their object will after awhile be accomplished; there- 

Resolved, That in the opinion of this Council any change 
whatever in the name of the Church is altogether inexpedi- 
ent and unwise. 

Under the name which it has borne for a hundred years, 
the Protestant Episcopal Church has flourished and grown 
beyond the possible expectations of those who organized it. 

Associations, strong and tender, have twined themselves 
around the words which indicate our distinctive place among 
the Christians of America. 

We are not ashamed of Protestantism, nor do we intend to 
adopt the views of a few foreigners among us, who attach 
to the word the idea of irreligion. As American and especial- 
ly Protestant institutions improve these people in other re- 
spects, so we trust by God's grace to improve their views of 
Christianity and its historical nomenclature. 

In the Church, as at present constituted, we recognize par- 
ties and schools of thought widely different and ready on 
any grave provocation to become antagonistic. 

The name of the Church we regard as one clause of the 
compact by which they agree to exist together in the same 
organization. To change the name would be, in our .ludg- 
ment, to incur the condemnation of ^'truce-breakers."' 

We therefore approve the action of our Deputies to the 
General Convention in Chicago opposing every movement 
in the direction of change of name of the Church, and call 
upon good Churchmen throughout the land, to use their best 

298 The Episcopal Chukcfi 

endeavors to convince the advocates of change that their 
effort is futile, dangerous and revolutionary. 

Robert A. Gibson, chairman. T. H. Lacy, D, D. 
R. H. Mason, R. R. Swope, 

N. S. White, R. J. McCandlish, 

Dr. H. McS. Gamble, G. W. Hall. 

The Bishop reported as received for the Sheltering Arms 
during the year $],4K).lo, making a total of |4,178.56. 
From the Bishop's address: 

Clerical Support. 
I si)eak now especially to the Laymen as their friend and 
adviser and chief pastor in the Lord. It does not require 
very extended observation to teach any one that the heat 
and burden of the day falls upon the Clergy working in our 
Parishes and Missions. I am not going to urge any plea for 
them on personal grounds, however strongly such plea might 
be made, but I would have you esteem them very highly in 
love for their work's sake, and 1 would have you more dis- 
tinctly understand, and more constantly remember, that 
there is, perhaps, no one direction in which you can so effect- 
ually labor for Christ and His Church, as by the hearty and 
liberal support of those who are set over you in the Lord, 
and by a cordial co-operation with them. The Clergy are not 
to be regarded as objects of charity. Putting it on the Terj 
lowest ground, the laborer is worthy of his hire. And this, 
not only because of support pledged and service rendered, 
but especially because of divine appointment. For even so 
hath the Lord ordained that they who preach the Gospel 
should live of the Gospel. 

The Council of 1888. Huntington. 

The Eleventh Annual Council met in Trinity Church, Hunt- 
ington, on Wednesday, June 6th. There were present fifteen 
Clergymen, and fifteen Laymen. The Bishop presided. The 
Kev. Mr. Gibbons preached the sermon. 

Special mention was made of the death of Rev. R. A. Cobbs, 

IN West Vikghnia. 299 

Hon. Geo. W. Thompson, Major J. C. Covell and General Jno. 
H. Oley. 

In givng summary of progress since the formation of the 
Diocese, the Bishop reported as built, thirty-two churches, 
three school houses, a hospital, an Elpiscopal residence and 
eleven rectories. In four other places lots have been se- 
cured and money collected for rectories, and in five other 
places lots have been secured and money collected for 
church buildings. In all this work about $180,000 has been 

Mr. R. M. Browne, of Wheeling, was elected Trustee of the 
Episcopal and Permanent Funds, in place of the late Judge 

A committee was appointed to consider proposed changes 
in the Prayer Book. 

A committee was also appointed to codify the Canons for 

Resolutions were passed, urging the Bishop to suspend for 
a time his visitations, and appropriating |500 for his ex- 
penses on such trip as he may find it convenient to take. 

Received for Sheltering Arms, |1,471.82. Total receipts, 

From the Bishop's AddTess: 

Review of Progress. 

During the ten years which have elapsed since I took up 
the work in West Virginia, I have visited every county in 
the State, even those where we have no organizations and 
no membership of our Church. Out of the fifty-four coun- 
ties there are still twenty-two where we have no organiza- 
tion of any kind, and eleven in which, so far as I know we 
have not even a single communicant. Many of these counties 
are, however, reached by occasional services, and so the way 
is being prepared for us to be established. Our plan has 
been simply to try and care for our scattered people as we 
had the opportunity. Wherever there have been even a few 

300 The Episcopal Chuech 

who desired the ministrations of their Church, we have done 
all we could to help them. In this way we are now repre- 
sented by organizations of some kind, in sixteen counties, 
where, ten years ago, we had no such foothold, and no doubt 
the next few years will still farther spread the influence of 
our Church. We have come into these various Christian 
communities not as selfish intruders, but because our pres- 
ence has been needed and desired; and it is pleasant and 
helpful to think that now, after these ten years of aggres- 
sive work, that there is a more kindly feeling towards our 
Church among the people of West Mrginia than ever be- 
fore. 1 trust that in all our future activities we shall still 
keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace. 

The general history of our churches has been one of health- 
ful progress, with the exception of three or four, which^ 
owing to a variety of circumstances, some of them beyond 
their control, have either stood still or gone back, they have 
moved steadily forward, and now, at the end of these ten 
years of independent Diocesan life, having raised and spent 
perhaps as much as |180,000 in the way of self -equipment — 
building thirty-two churches, ten rectories, three schools, a 
hospital and an Episcopal residence — we ought to be in con- 
dition to do a great deal more than ever we have done here 
in this vineyard of the Lord. 

System in Temporalities. 

A point I have insisted upon time and again, but one vrhich 
demands renewed consideration and still more decided em- 
phasis, is the necessity for more systematic effort in doing 
this work. I speak frankly for myself and for my brethren 
of the Clergy, when I say, that I do not think we want to 
shirk any work that rightly belongs to us, but that we feel 
that we ought to be relieved more and more from the grind- 
ing care of serving tables. 

Even the inspired Apostles found these business details, 
too much for them, and appointed chosen persons to look 

IN West Yik&inia. 301 

after such matters that they might give themselves contin- 
ually to the ministry of the Word and to prayer. This is what 
I plead for today, for the Clergy. Let us be relieved from 
business matters that do not properly come under our care, 
that we may the more give ourselves to the ministry of the 
Word and to prayer, and I feel sure that our efficiency will 
in every way be increased. 

I have time and again had Vestries to tell me that the 
great need of their Parish was a Minister who was, as they 
called it, a great worker in all the temporal business of the 
Parish, in raising money for their support, improving 
Church property, and such like matters; or, to put it in other 
words, they really wanted a man who could and would do 
what is the express duty of the Vestry to do. No one can 
tell, unless he has tried it, how such details of business, en- 
tering into and filling up a man's life with their daily re- 
currence, absorb his time, divert his energies and so crip- 
ple his work. 

I am pleading not for the personal comfort and feelings 
of the Ministry, although that is nor beneath your notice, 
but I am pleading for your own churches that you may ex- 
perience the reviving power of a Clergy, that can give them- 
selves more continually to the ministry of the Word and 
to prayer. 

There are many noble examples of devotion in these mat- 
ters; we have Vestries that are models of faithfulness, who 
are ready always to act promptly and wisely, who put no 
extra care upon their over-taxed Minister, but are ready to 
do their part, and have the good sense and the grace to man- 
age all the temporal affairs of the Parish with system and 
effect. It is one of the most important purposes served 
by our Annual Councils that the influence and example of 
such men may be brought to bear upon others that they, 
too, may be stimulated and guided in their own work. 

The business affairs of most of our Churches are, in them- 
selves, too insignificant to be really burdensome or difficult 

302 The Episcopal Church 

to any one who will undertake to transact them with a ready 
mind. I appeal to the Diocese to remove from our midst 
all cause of reproach on this account. 


When our Tenth Annual Council met in Weston, one year 
ago, we were all pained to miss from its sessions our eflScient 
Secretary, the Rev. K. A. Cobbs. Few of us perhaps thought 
that he would so soon be called away to his rest and reward. 
On Tuesday, June 28th, in the Rectory at Charleston, he was 
gathered unto his fathers, "having the Lt^stimony of a good 
conscience, in the communion of the Catholic Church, in the 
confidence of a certain faith, and in the comfort of a reason- 
able, religious and holy hope." I took occasion in the ser- 
mon I preached at the time of his funeral, to express more 
fully my sense of the great loss the Diocese has sustained 
in his death. 

Since our last session we have also lost the faithful custo- 
dian of our Episcopal Fund, Judge Greorge W. Thompson. He 
took great interest in the formation of the Diocese, and was 
present as a Deputy from Virginia at the General Conven- 
tion of 1877, which effected it, helping by his testimony and 
inlluence to bring about the result. Since that time Judge 
Thompson has served repeatedly in our Diocesan Councils, 
and in the C4eneral Conventions, as his failing health permit- 
ted. Although for some years past his eye was growing 
dim and his natural force abated, he always had a keen inter- 
est in everything connected with the progress of our Church 
in West Virginia. Of a profoundly philosophical mind, he re- 
tained to the last a simple faith in the Gospel of Christ as 
the power and wisdom of God. 

We have had also to lament the loss of Major J. C. Covell, 
of Romney. It is chiefly to his energj^ and zeal that we are 
indebted for the erection of St. Stephen's Church. But im- 
portant as he was to us in our work, he filled his chief meas- 
ure of usefulness as the Principal of the State school for the 

IN West Virginia. 303 

Deaf, Dumb and Blind. He united in a remarkable degree 
the qualifications necessary for such a difficult post of duty. 
He had rare administrative ability and great personal in- 
fluence with the pupils. He took the liveliest interest in the 
religious welfare of the scholars, and used his great gifts for 
their benefit with a faithful assiduity. Himself the son of a 
clergyman, he had been intended for the church, but I doubt 
not found his true call to duty in the work which he car- 
ried on for so many years with such brilliant success. 

Nor can I fail, standing in this presence today, to mention 
one other name from the list of those who have, during the 
year, passed from our midst. Very suddenly, in the month 
of March, General John H. Oley received the summons and 
laid his earthly armour down. Long before I came to West 
Virginia, General Oley was in the front of every movement 
looldng toward the establishment of our Church in Hunting- 
ton, and he retained the post of labor and of honor to the 
last. 'His loyalty never wavered and his interest did not flag. 
He could always be depended upon to do with his might 
what his hands found to do; and as his many personal let- 
ters to me show, he took most intelligent and judicious 
views of our Church work, and was ready to co-operate with 
every elfort for the advancement of the Kingdom. 

The example of these last two gentlemen named, is espec- 
ially worthy of note and of imitation by our laymen through- 
out the Diocese. I trust it will not be lost by them. I 
mention them in this address because they furnish a standing 
refutation to the objection so frequently urged, that the or- 
dinary pressure of business is sufficient excuse for failure in 
work for Christ and the Church. During the nine or ten 
years I have known General Oley and Major Covell, it would 
have been difficult, if not impossible, to find any two men 
more constantly and laboriously engaged than they have 
always been. As all who knew them well, perfectly under- 
stand, their duties were of the most continuous and exacting 
character; and since these duties involved the interest and 

304 The Episcopat. Church 

welfare of others their requirements were all the more im- 
perious. I say It again, and with deliberation, that I do 
not believe, that any two men in the State, have been under 
a greater pressure of business cares and responsibilities than 
these two men during the ten years past; and yet they were 
not only active, but foremost in work for the Church, They 
gave of their means and time and influence to the advance- 
ment of Christ's kingdom, and by their example may well 
incite even the busiest of our laymen to renewed activity 
in the work their hands find to do. This is just what the 
Church needs today in all our congregations, earnest, devoted 
men who take such interest in the progress and have such 
confidence in the stability of the Kingdom of God in the 
world that they can be depended upon themselves to do and 
to make others labor steadily and hopefully where God 
has placed them. 

We speak of the loss we have sustained by the death of 
true and good men, but the work must not suffer harm, it 
must go on and with increasing ardor. If in this world, men 
are found brave enough to step to the front and fill up the 
gap in the wavering column as it charges right on upon 
the deadly guns, shall not men be found in the Kingdom of 
God brave enough and true enough, to take up the work their 
brethren have laid down and carry it on, even in the face 
of opposition and indifference. Let us see on every side the 
steady purpose and the hopeful courage that become the 
Christian soldier, who believes and trusts in the exalted 
Saviour, his ever living Lord. 

The Council of 1889. Shepherdstown. 

The Twelfth Annual Council met in Trinity Church, Shep- 
herdstown, Wednesday, June 5th. Present twelve Clergy 
and ten Laymen. 

From the Bishop's address: 

The Sheltering Arms. 

1 regret that I cannot make a more satisfactory report in 






IN West Virginia. 305 

regard to this important and interesting work. In our anx- 
iety to turn to good account that which had been done, we 
tried during the last fall, without haying any assured sup- 
port, to open our doors, and we found that it was not prac- 
ticable. Since that time measures have been adopted — with 
good promise of success — for raising $1,800 or $2,000 per 
annum, which we estimate will be necessary for running 
expenses. The Clergy of the Diocese have fallen in very 
cordially with these plans, and, we believe, that with a lit- 
tle more patience and energy we shall soon see our wishes 

The total amount of money raised to date has been |6,- 
755.05. What, with the buildings erected, and those already 
on the place, repaired, the renewing of fences, and the put- 
ting the land in order, we consider the property worth fully 
|6,000 today. We trust the time will come, when for the 
work of blessing it does among a large and needy popula- 
tion, it will be counted ten times as valuable. 
Diocesan Finances. 

The financial condition of the Diocese will be fairly pre- 
sented to the Council in the reports of the Treasurer, who 
continues to deserve our cordial thanks for the ability and 
faithfulness with which he discharges his troublesome du- 

'it is the custom in many Dioceses to have regular days 
fixed for all Canonical Offerings. There are certainly ad- 
vantages about such an arrangement, as it seems to insure 
some system where often there is none, and yet I know that 
in a Diocese like ours, there are some practical difficulties in 
the way of its adoption. Many of our Churches are open only 
once, or at the most, twice during the month, and so it would 
appear to be impossible to select any Sunday, or Sundays, 
when all our congregations could unite in any plan. And so 
there would be failure in the system just where it was most 
important to have it enforced. In the meantime, whatever 
we do, we must trust more and more to the growing inter- 

S06 ' The Episcopal Chukch 

est of our people, and above all to the faithfulness of the 
Clergy in keeping their charges up to their Canonical ob- 
ligations. The envelopes, v/ith a brief explanatory circular 
enclosed, have already served a good purpose, and may be 
made still more helpful. Custom seems to have set apart 
Christnias Day for our offering for the Widows' and Or- 
phans' and Disabled Clergy Fund. In regard to other ob- 
jects, I suggest that it would be the part of wisdom to dis- 
tribute the offerings judiciously, through the year, and not 
suffer them all to accumulate during the closing months, 
when preparations are being made for the Council, and 
when there is in consequence often more or less hurry and 
confusion. These are certainly very obvious and common 
place observations, but yet called for by the general conduct 
of our Parochial Administration, as shown in the Annual 

I know that the circumstances of our congregations are 
so different, that hardly any one rule will avail for all, and 
I know too, that the condition of many is such that they seem 
compelled in a great man^^ ways to live from hand to mouth, 
and to maintain themselves as best they can. Still I believe 
it will be found in all cases a most important means of dis- 
cipline and training, if our Clergy everywhere will systemat- 
ically and persistently try to put the responsibility of all 
business affairs upon the Vestries or committees, on whom 
the duty properly falls. While I suppose that it is hardly 
possible to avoid in some cases the use of the offertory to 
meet current expenses, yet it does not seem to be an ideal 
arrangement; and I do object to using it as a make-shift for 
every emergency. I think that the officers of the congre- 
gation ought to be able to provide for the ordinary expenses 
of the Church, in the use of the usual business methods, 
and leaA^e the offertory free for meeting the regular Canon- 
ical requirements, and for special offerings for the relief of 
the destitute and the spread of the Gospel. Then might we 
hope, that when we worship in the sanctuary, our alms as 

IN West Virginia. 307 

well as our prayers, may go up as a memorial before God. 

As I meet you thus my Dear Brethren, year after year 
in our Annual Councils, and as we go over together the rec- 
ords of our common work, and note its progress and pros- 
pects, I am well aware that there are peculiar difficulties 
and discouragements, and particularly in connection with 
the more feeble Churches and the outlybig Missions, which 
sometimes press heavily upon the heart of the worker. In 
addition to the natural inertia of our human nature toward 
spiritual things, and the common indifference and opposition, 
of the heart to the doctrines of grace, and to the life of re- 
ligion; in addition to these which must be expected by every 
one who would anywhere, do anything in this world for 
Christ and His Church; in addition to these are special diffi- 
culties and discouragements to be expected in a work like 
ours. In many places there is not only no strong traditional 
feeling in favor of our Church, but there seems none in 
favor' of religion and no high tone to elevate and anchor 
society. People do what is right in their own eyes, and have 
little regard for any authority that would guide and con- 
trol them. Public opinion works subtlely, but yet really 
against I ho claims of religion and of the Church; and even 
when individuals so far emancipate themselves from its con- 
trol as to come and take their stand on the Lord's side, it is 
often very hard to beget in them any sense of personal re- 
sponsibility for the work of Christ in the world. 

There is a very low sense of the obligation of the Lord's 
Day, and of public worship, and even many Christian house- 
holds have no family altar, around which to gather the chil- 
dren and consecrate them, day by day to the holy service of 
God. The Church organizations are often weak, and for lack 
of spirit and interest with difficulty drag their slow length 
along. The condition and prospects of the Church of Christ 
in the world, are matters that do not seem to be upon the 
hearts and consciences of the people, and as a consequence, 
not only are general obligations neglected, but too oftfu the 

308 The Episcopal Church 

ministrations of the Clergy are received as a matter of 
course, and apparently with no thought that they deserve, 
and that they need compensation for their time and labor, 
and this in forgetfulness of the Gospel precept, that even 
so hntli the Lord ordained that they who preach the Gospel 
should live of the Gospel. These things taken in connection 
with the isolation of the Clergy, their wide fields of labor, 
involving in many cases wearisome journeyings, and long ab- 
sences from home, give a peculiar aspect to our work in this 
new and truly Missionary Diocese. 

The thought of all these things that seem to be against 
us, should cause us the more carefully to study the true 
sources of our strength in the work which God has given 
us to do. It is His work we are doing in this sinful world, 
and doing it not in any way of man's devising, but along 
the lines marked out for us in the Church which Christ 
founded, and which He still guides and will guide by His 
Spirit until time shall be no more. If we feel the weight 
of our responsibility, we ought also to feel the sustaining 
inspiration of a Divine Commission, and be strong in the re- 
alization of a Divine Promise. Whether these people among 
whom we dwell, will hear or forbear, we are to preach to 
them Jesus Christ and him crucified, still steadfastly be- 
lieving that, in spite of all opposition and hindrance, come 
from Avhat quarter they may, this Gospel is the power 
and the wisdom of God. Let us take a larger view of the 
broadening conflict, learn to look beyond the narrow bounds 
of our own small fields, watch and rejoice in the tokens of 
Gospel triumph in every land and among Christians of every 
name, and so we, standing it may be on some lonely picket 
post, or holding with difficulty, some part of the line where 
the tide seems to set all against us, will yet maintain a 
good heart, for we know that in doing our part where He 
hath placed us, we are as truly serving the Lord Christ, as 
if in the most conspicuous sphere, and we have an abiding 

IN West Virginia. 309 

faith that the kingdoms of this world shall yet become the 
kingdoms of our Lord and His Christ. 

Deputies to the General Convention: Rev. L. R. Mason, 
Rev. Dallas Tucker, Rev. T. H. Lacy, D. D., Rev. R. D. Roller, 
Mr. E. I. Lee, Mr. R. J. McCandlish, Mr. B. C. Washington, 
Mr. W. B. Laidley. 

Alternates: Rev. C. C. Pearson, Rev. J. Brittingham, 
Rev. S. S. Moore, Rev. J. S. Gibson, Mr. J. D. Logan, Mr. J. 
P. Rogers, Mr. Ben Hurxthal, Dr. W. F. Lippitt. 

The Council adopted the following memorial: 

In Memoriam. Nathan Smith White. 

Born in Montgomery county, Maryland, November 6th, 

Died in Charlestown, W. Va., November 5th, 1888. 

He was a graduate of Princeton College and studied law 
at Yale. 

From the time of his settlement in Charlestown, in 1840,. 
Mr. White was closely and actively associated with the 
Church, and all Christian work. 

He was Vestryman in Zion Protestant Episcopal Church 
for more than forty five years and Warden for over twenty 
years; he was also attached to the Sunday School for forty 
five years, and Superintendent for twenty five years. 

Before the Diocese of Virginia was divided, he was dele- 
gate from Zion Church to the Virginia Council; and since 
the erection of the Diocese of West Virginia, he was always 
sent to represent Zion Church. 

From the organization of the Diocese he was a member 
and Secretary of the Standing. Committee, a Trustee of the 
Virginia Seminary, and Deputy to the General Conventions 
of 1880, 1883, and 1886. 

Firm in faith, active in good works, he had the witness of 
God's Spirit, and died honored of men and accepted of God. 

From the Bishop's address: 

310 The Episcopal Church 


During this same period of which I have been speaking, 
we have had to mourn the loss of many faithful laymen, who 
<did their part nobly and left behind them the fragrance of 
ionored names in the Church of Christ. 

Ahd in speaking of these, I am sure that I voice but the 
common feeling of the Council, when I say that we specially 
mourn the absence from our midst today, of the late Mr. 
INathau S. White, of Charlestown. He was so identified with 
his parish and with the Diocese, that we can hardly think of 
either and not have him in mind. Witnessing a good confes- 
sion before the world, his life was an epistle known and read 
of all men, and by it he being dead yet speaks to us. The 
Diocese has lost a trusty counsellor to whom it was always 
wont to turn. One, who, whether in the Standing Commit- 
tee, or the Annual Council, or the General Convention, al- 
ways justified our confidence and won our esteem. His faith 
in the Kingdom of Christ was steadfast and his interest 
was unflagging. Taking hold of every good work as he had 
opportunity, he did with his might what his hands found to 
do. It was he to whom the Bishop of Virginia especially 
referred me, when eleven years ago, I was seeking for in- 
formation and counsel, in regard to the work to which I had 
been called. There has* been no time since that, that I have 
not felt the value of his counsel and the charm of his friend- 
ship. Surely in thinking of such an one we may bless God 
for his good example, and though not for ourselves, yet for 
him rejoice that he now rests from his labors. 

We ought to feel that we are but entering upon the work 
that was so dear to all these good people, who have gone be- 
fore us, and resolve, by God's help, to devote ourselves with 
renewed ardor to its hopeful prosecution. We do not live 
in the past, but it is helpful sometimes to refer to it, to re- 
call more distinctly our spiritual descent, and the lines along 
which we are working, and realizing that we are compassed 

IN West Virginia. . 31 1 

about with so great a cloud of witnesses, we ought to run 
with greater patience the race set before us. 

^'Thursday, January 17th. In accordance with the 
wishes of my brethren so kindly expressed in my 
Council at Huntington, that I should, for a time, 
give up all official duties, and in the use of the means 
which they so liberally provided, I sailed this day from New 
York for Bermuda, where I remained until nearly the mid- 
dle of February. I very thoroughly enjoyed the change of 
air and scene, and the temporary cessation from my work, 
was, no doubt, in every way beneficial; and I trust I have 
been all the stronger for it in taking up my duties again. 
Certainly, dear brethren, I can never forget this trip, as as- 
sociated in my mind with your thoughtfulness and care for 
me, and your very generous appreciation of what service 
I have been able to render the Diocese, It may not be im- 
proper for me to put on record here, as in my judgment it 
ought to be recorded somewhere, that I thought it no mis- 
appropriation of your bounty to apply that which was over 
and above all expenses of my trip, to the purchase of a new 
set of Official Robes, which I have worn for the first time 
during the sessions of this Council. My first set, which 
were the gift of Memorial Congregation, Baltimore, being 
well worn in eleven years' service. 

During my stay in Bermuda, I officiated in Pembroke, 
Trinity, Paget, and St. Mary's Churches. It was a, real pleas- 
ure to take part in such hearty services. In the matter of 
attendance on Divine service, hearty responses, and plain 
congregational singing, these brethren set us a good exam- 
ple. What a different thing our service is when the people 
generally take part in it. How helpful, how inspiring, how 
edifying! When will we learn to avail ourselves of our great 
advantages, and in our constant practice, show the people 
among whom we live, what we can so easily show them, if we 
would, the beauty and the power of the service of our Prayer 
Book? The order of the services was everywhere like our 

312 The Episcopal Church 

own here in West Virginia, no craving for novelties, no 
straining after effect, but manifestly the cordial acceptance 
and use of that which the Church has by authority pre- 

The Council of 1890. Charleston. 

The Thirteenth Annual Council met in St. John's Church, 
Charleston, Wednesday, June 4:th. Present eighteen of the 
Clergy and thirteen of the Laity, 

From the Bishop's address: 

Mr. R.J. McCandlish. 

Tuesday, February 25th. I took part in the services at 
the funeral of the late Mr. R. J. McCandlish. In his death 
our Church, in common with the whole community, sustained 
r.o usual loss. 

Few men have ever, in the midst of life, given more 
thought and love and care to the progress of the Kingdom 
of God in the world, or shown themselves more ready to do 
with their might what their hands found to do for Christ 
and His Church. Singularly gentle in his disposition, and 
modest and unassuming in his whole nature and bearing, 
yet it was always manifest that he was unfalteringly true 
to his Master, that his duty to Him was the supreme pur- 
pose of his life. The very laborious work which for years 
he has done for this Diocese, in the management of it's var- 
ious funds, was cheerfully undertaken and faithfully done. 
No detail was neglected and it was evident to all who were 
associated with him in such matters, that these duties were 
not, with him, mere matters of routine, but that his heart 
was thoroughly in the work. His simple Christian charac- 
ter made him a tower of strength in the community where 
he lived, an ornament to the Church he loved, and a living 
unanswerable evidence of the reality and power of our Holy 
Religion. Three score and ten years filled up the measure 
of his honorable, useful, unselfish. Christian life. The Par- 
ish loses its beacon light, the Diocese misses its ever faith- 

^* I©lf1^' 



IN West Virginia. 313 

ful servant, and the Bishop mourns his trusted friend and 
wise counsellor. But all these are only human voices which 
are more or less selfish in their expressions. Standing 
here in the house of God toda}^, where we learn to know the 
end of man, we may hear the voice from Heaven that says, 
"From henceforth, blessed are the dead who die in the Lord; 
even so saith the spirit; for they rest from their labors; and 
their works do follow them." 

Mr. Jno. M. Panetti. 

The Diocese has met with a serious loss in the death of 
Mr. Jno. M. Panetti, a member of the present senior class 
at the Seminary. At my instance Mr. Panetti was stationed 
during the last summer at Kavenswood as Lay Reader, and 
rendered most efficient and valuable service. We looked 
forward to his ordination this summer, and had every reason 
to believe that he would prove a great addition to our work- 
ing Clerical force. To the great grief of his friends he was 
taken suddenly away from us on Christmas morning last. The 
Faculty of the Seminary and his fellow students have all unit- 
ed in hearty tributes to his memory. We had hoped to have 
him long among us, as a co-laborer in this part of the Lord's 
vineyard, but the Master has removed him to the higher ac- 
tivities of Heaven. May we all, like him, have our loins 
girded .and our lights burning, and be as faithful servants 
who watch for the coming of their Lord. 

The Prayer Book. 
The labors of the General Convention have resulted in 
further changes in the Prayer Book which are now obligatory 
upon our congregations. It is confidently expected that at 
the next General Convention this work of revision will be 
brought to a definite conclusion. I think that what has been 
done, has been wisely done. The effort has been made, and 
with success, to make our services more flexible and better 
adapted to the varied conditions of our work in our widely 
scattered territory, and as far as possible to the exigencies 

314 The Episcopal Church 

of time and occasion. Now, that in response to what seem- 
ed a popular and reasonable demand, such changes have been 
made, and the powers that be have fairly kept "the happy 
mean between too much stiffness in refusing and too much 
easiness in admitting variations in things once advisedly 
established," it would seem that our rubrical law as thus 
revised ought to have additional authority and obligation. 

It is well known that during the last few years various 
customs, some of them inoffensive and it may be beautiful in 
themselves, have grown up under the sanction of rectors 
and congregations. Some of these new customs have been 
adopted, or at least allowed, and some have failed to secure 
the recognition sought for, by their advocates. Under these 
circumstances it may fairly be claimed that the Church has 
pronounced judgment upon these matters, deliberately 
grafting some of them into her ritual and as deliberately 
rejecting or disallowing others. I think then, that more 
than ever, we have the limits of ritual prescribed in the 
Prayer Book, and that we are all bound by it, not only as 
by a law for ourselves, but as by a compact between the 
clergy and the people that the public services of the church 
shall be conducted in the manner prescribed and in no other 

I confess that I feel disposed to be more than ever jealous 
for this our common law, and I think we make a great mis- 
take and trespass on the liberty of our people when we take 
advantage of our official position to bring any kind of pres- 
sure to bear upon our people, to do or submit to that in 
our public worship, for which express authority is not found 
in the Book of Common Prayer. I know of no congregation- 
al liberty to have any use or custom of ther own, which ha's 
not its proper warrants in the common law and written ru- 
brics of the church. 

I freely recognize that there may be special meetings, 
councils, convocations, missionary and evangelistic meetings, 
Sunday School gatherings and others of like character, but 

IN West Virginia. 315 

the proper liberty allowed on such occasions does not affect 
the principle that I insist upon, that for the usual and reg- 
ular public worship of our congregations, the Book of Com 
mon Prayer, in its services and ritual directions is that which 
ought to guide us in what we do, and that to the exclusion of 
other things however beautiful or appropriate or edifying 
they may be. The church has undertaken to judge for us 
what is beautiful and appropriate and edifying for public 
worship, and she expects us cordially to accept her decision 
and submit our judgment to her's. 

We all have need to think more seriously of the nature 
and great purpose of the public worship of Almighty God. 
Good old George Herbert says, "The end of preaching is 
praying.'' To this, some one has added that " the end of pub- 
lic worship is not only spiritual devotion at the time, but 
holy, living and practical application afterwards." We are 
to be doers of the word and not hearers only. The worship 
is not to end in itself as if external homage were all that 
were required of us. It must have issue in quickened spirit- 
ual power and practical duty. No barren or unproductive 
worship is acceptable. The end of worship is to stimulate 
to obedience. "To hear," in the language of the Old Testa- 
ment signifies to obey, i. e., to hear with the inner ear. 
Thought is awakened that it may lead to action. The sense 
of the Divine presence summons to duty. Obedience is the 
proper vesture of the thoughts and feelings roused in the 

And yet it must be confessed that many are disposed to 
"measure the benefit gained by the enjoyment they feel," 
and the entertainment experienced. They expect always in 
preaching to hear "something new and striking," having no 
special care for the manifestation of the truth to the heart 
and conscience; and they desire a service, as they say, "ren- 
dered v.ith aesthetic taste" — which may be all very well in 
itself, but which, nevertheless, often sadly diverts and dis- 
tracts the mind. Certainly our worship must be reverent. 

316 The Episcopal Church 

Bishop Ryle well says that, ''Nature, reason and common 
sense, should teach us that there is a manner and demeanor 
suitable to mortal man when he draws nigh to his Almighty- 
maker. It is not for nothing that it is written, God is 
greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints and to be 
had in reverence of all them that are about Him.' Evan- 
gelical religion does not object to handsome churches, good 
ecclesiastical architecture, a well ordered ceremonial, and a 
well conducted service." Still, for all these things we must 
remember that we are not dependent on our own taste or 
judgment, but have the way marked out for us by competent 
authority. I am led to make these remarks because I believe, 
that by reason of the weakness of our mortal nature, we 
are all in danger of losing sight of the true end of our as- 
sembling ourselves together, and expecting to be pleased 
and entertained rather than "^'brought nearer God and made 
holier, humbler, better Christians." 

Poor human nature easily goes astray. There is an out- 
ward service and worship that seems devout, and yet has no 
heart in it. So it was said of those who came to hear Eze- 
kiel preach. ''They come unto thee as the people cometh and 
they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words 
but they will not do them; for with their mouth they show, 
much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness." 
It is this tendency in human nature to substitute what some 
one calls " Religjiousness" for " Righteousness", that ought 
to put us on our guard for our own selves, and make us 
careful, as far as we have the power, to lead others on to 
worship the great God who is a Spirit, in spirit and in truth. 

I am convinced that some fall into a snare from a desire 
to make the services of the sanctuary attractive. It is pos- 
sible for a popular lecturer, who touches upon all the top- 
ics of the day, to draw crowds of people on the day of rest 
when there is nothing else to draw them, and to cause them 
to have a certain familiarity with, and interest in, religious 
truth. But the triumphs of the Gospel are not achieved by 

IN West Virginia. 317 

popular lecturers. We must expect to find a constant op- 
position in the natural heart to the doctrines of grace and 
to the life of religion, but we must still preach the word, be 
instant in season and out of season, reprove, rebuke, exhort 
with all authority. 

The w^ord of God's grace to man in Jesus Christ is the 
great power to move the heart of man and to change the 
face of the world. Any apparent success achieved, except 
along these lines of endeavor is delusive, nay worse, for it 
may lead minister and people to rest in the form of godli- 
ness while the true power is wanting. Humbling as it may 
be to confess it, we cannot deny but that "There is a semi- 
sensuous delight in religious worship imposingly conducted 
which may be felt by the least conscientious as well as by 
those that are sincerely devout. The soul that is devoid of 
true reverence towards God may be rapt into a spurious 
elation, while in rich and solemn tones the loud voiced org m 
peals forth His praise. The heart that never felt one throb 
of love to Christ, may thrill with an ecstacy of sentimental 
tenderness while soft voices, now blending, now dividing, in 
combined or responsive strains, celebrate the glories of re- 
deeming love." 

I feel sure that we all might do more than we now do to 
further the great ends of public worship, by giving more 
thought and time to the suitable and orderly rendering of 
our services along the well defined lines of our authorized 
ritual, bringing out more fully the richness and variety of 
the provision the Church has made for her children, both in 
the Prayer Book and Hymnal; and may I not say especially 
by exercising a wise discretion in such control of the music 
as shall tend to the edification of the people. 

The Council adopted the following memorial: 

In Memoriam. Robert J. McCandlish. 

Born in Norfolk, Virginia, January 27th, 1820. 

Died in Parkersburg, West Virginia, February 22nd, 1890. 

318 The Episcopal Church 

His early life was passed in Norfolk, Va., where he united 
with the Church and became interested in its work. 

Removing, towards middle life, to the western section of 
the State, he passed the remainder of his days in Weston 
and Parkersburg. 

In both places his active interest in the church caused 
his speedy election as Vestryman, in which office he served 
almost continuously. He represented both parishes in the 
Council of the Diocese of Virginia, prior to its division. At 
the time of his death he was, and had been for many years. 
Senior Warden, of Trinity Parish, Parkersburg. 

He was actively instruinental in promoting the erection 
and organization of the Diocese of West Virginia, and has 
been generally sent to its Councils as Delegate from Trinity 
•Parish, Parkersburg. He has also, generally represented the 
Diocese in the General Conventions of the Church. 

In addition to these labors and honors, he discharged 
faithfully and judiciously the responsible duties of Treasurer 
of the various Funds of the Diocese of West Virginia, from 
its organization to his death. His wisdom in counsel, his in- 
tegrity of character, his earnestness of purpose, qualified 
him in an eminent degree for the trusts reposed in him. 

Modest and unassuming in bearing, gentle and loving in 
disposition, he was honored by all who had dealings with 
him, and beloved by all who knew him. "Full of days and 
of honour," he now "rests from his labors, and his works do 
follow him."' 

The Council of 189 I. Parkersburg. 

The Fourteenth Annual Council, met in Trinity Churchy 
Parkersburg, Wednesday, June 3rd. Present eighteen of 
the Clergy and fifteen of the Laity. 

From the Bishop's address: 

The Rev. John Ambler. 

Wednesday, March 4th. I attended the funeral services of 
Rev. John Ambler and made a brief address. We have sadly 
felt the loss of this faithful, earnest man of God. Although 

IN West Virginia. 319 

older than any of his brethren in the Diocese, save one, he 
was abundant in labors. In addition to serving several places 
regularly, he was indefatigable in ministering to vacant 
churches and in hunting up the scattered sheep. In this 
work ho was a kind of general missionarj^ and was far more 
useful and efficient than his modest opinion of himself al- 
lowed him to think. 

Mr. Ambler preserved the freshness and vigor of youth 
in a remarkable degree. He manifested to the last an un- 
flagging interest in our work, and an earnest purpose to do 
cheerfully whatever was laid upon him. In the providence 
of God it was granted to him, no doubt, according to his 
desire, to die with his harness on. He had no period of in- 
activity, but was called immediately from his work to the 
great reward. May we be ever ready, as he was, to obey the 
summons when it comes, and v.hile we wait for it, follow 
him as we believe he followed Christ. 

The Council adopted the following memorial: 
In Memoriam. Rev. John Ambler. 

Born in Fauquier county, Virginia, April 3, 1821. 

Died in MoundsAalle, West Virginia, March 3, 1891. 

Prior to the war, he was United States Marshal under 
Judge Brockenborough, Federal Judge of the Western Dis- 
trict of the State of Virginia. Throughout the war he wa» 
engaged in active service in the Confederate Army. He en- 
tered the Ministry of the Protestant Episcopal Church when 
over 51 years of age, late in life it is true, but was privileged 
to serve his Master in this calling for eighteen years. About 
fourteen years of this time were spent in the Diocese of Vir- 
ginia, and the remainder in the Diocese of West Virginia, 
where he laid down his life in the service. He was ordained 
in 1873. 

"Mr. Ambler was a conspicuous example of old-fashioned 
integrity and simplicity of character. W^ith a genuine love 
of all that was pure and high and noble, he had a genuine 
scorn of all that was low, mean and small in any w^ay; and 

320 The Episcopal Chukch 

so he moved in aud out among us like a grand old man, as 
he was — his life an epistle, known and read of all men. In 
his ministry he was singularly faithful and laborious. Per- 
sonally he was modest and retiring, always ready to do cheer- 
fully whatever was assigned to him, and to lend a helping 
hand wherever it was needed. We thank God for his good 
example, and we gratefully cherish the fragrant remem- 
brance of all our associations with him. He has obeyed the 
summons, 'Come up higher;' he has heard the welcome, 'Well 
done, good and faithful servant!" May his words of counsel, 
now that he is absent from the body, come back to all his 
hearers with fourfold power and produce in them yet, an 
abundant harvest to God's glory and their salvation. He 
died a good soldier of the cross, in full possession of his fac- 
ulties, and with perfect resignation to his Master's will." 
"The Lord alone did lead him." Deut. 32.12. 

The Council of 1892. Martinsburg. 

The Fifteenth Annual Council was held in Trinity Church, 
Martinsburg, Wednesday, June 1st. Present twenty-two of 
the Clergy and twenty-nine of the Laity. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Scattered Members. 

Sunday, October 4th. A. M., held service in the open air 
at Dingess, Logan county, and P. M., in the Court House 
at the County seat. This county is developing rapidly, being 
made accessible by the extension of the Norfolk and 
Western Eailroad. Monday, 5th. Boone Court House. 
This trip of about one hundred and fifty miles through 
the country, gave me opportunity of having the serv- 
ices of our Church among many people not at all 
accustomed to, and yet kindly welcoming them. It has 
been my growing conviction, that. If we mean to take a 
larger hold upon the people of the State, the clergy must 
do a good deal of this pioneer work. 

Sunday 11th. A. M., Presbyterian Church, Winfield. P. 




IN West Virginia. 321 

M., Methodis^t Church, Frazier's Botcom. P. P. M., Metho- 
dist Charoh, Buffalo. These places I thus visited, after 
quite a long interval. I found seven communicants in the 
three places, all of them anxious for renewed services. Such 
fields have large promise for the faithful, patient workman. 
The results are often far greater in proportion than in the 
more settled parishes. I give it as m^^ deliberate judgment, 
after some years of observation and experience, that while 
the settled churches ought not to be neglected, yet that 
the general interest of our church throughout the State would 
be much promoted if more of their many services were be- 
stowed upon their scattered brethren. In this matter of 
preaching the Gospel in the regions beyond our own Church 
organizations, and to the people outside of them, there 
seems to be need of a new departure, to use substantially 
the words of another. "Every Church or parish is to be con- 
sidered as a fort which must be garrisoned and held.-' It 
is important to secure and maintain for it a commanding 
influence in the community where it is located, but this not 
for its own welfare and aggrandizement, but also that it 
may be a source of spiritual supplies for others, a base of 
operations from which to move upon the regions and the 
people beyond. We must not allow ourselves to be taken 
up simply with perfecting and enlarging our present church 
organizations. It is not enough simply to hold the fort. It 
is not enough that pulpit and choir give forth their accus- 
tomed tones, Sunday by Sunday, and that hearers occupy 
the pews in sufficient numbers to maintain the stated services 
of the church. This is all very well as far as it goes, but 
it does not go far enough. The Church must march out of 
the fortified camp into the open field, and it must do this 
in order to find and meet the people, to whom it has a mes- 
sage to deliver. To adhere more strictly to the figure, the 
Church must leave the fort, and march out into the open 
field in order to find and meet the enemy. No matter how 
excellent the ammunition and deadly the rifle, the foe will 

322 The Episcopal Church 

not suffer unless the}- are in range. But in too many cases 
those who need to be won for Christ keep wholly out of 
reach of that elegant piece of black walnut furniture, with 
its plush upholstery, and ponderous gilt-edged copy of God's 
word, which we call "the pulpit." 

Shall we then be satisfied with performing the time hon- 
ored evolutions, of a religious campaign? God forbid that 
we should be so. 

We must indeed maintain with utmost faithfulness the 
preaching of a bold strong gospel in every established pul- 
pit; but we must do more than thus try to hold our present 
possessions; we must go forth to those that do not come to 
us. We must, as it were, go out into the highways and 
hedges and compel them to come in. We shall find the field 
for such laborers in the crowded, but neglected parts of our 
larger towns. We shall find it in the smaller towns, where 
there are yet many unattached to any Christian Church — 
apparently, outside of any active Gospel influence — we shall 
find it too in the rural districts, where oftentimes a month- 
ly, or less frequent, service, and an annual protracted meet- 
ing, is the only religious influence that reaches the people 
from one year's end to another. There is large room, be- 
lieve me, in such fields, for Christian energy, and zeal, and 
for consecrated service; the minister who engages in such 
evangelistic work is stronger for his own home duty, and the 
congregation that gladly spares him, and bids him Godspeed 
in his efforts, and helps him with with such personal aid as 
he requires, will find it true in its own experience, that 
" it is more blessed to give than to receive." I repeat it, the 
Church must not be satisfied simply to care for itself. If 
we have the heart for it, we shall find a vast deal of distinct- 
ively Christian work to do all around us, which shall be at 
once the best exercise for our own Christian life, and the 
most powerful evidence to the world that the Church is of 
God. So when John the Baptist sent Disciples to our Sav- 
iour to ask "who art thou?" He said, '*go and shew John 

IN West Virginia. 323 

the things you see and hear. The blind receive their sight, 
the deaf hear, the lepers are cleansed, the lame walk, the 
dead are raised, and the poor hare the Gospel preached to 
them." It has been well said that "the Church is the preach- 
er's force, not Ms field." The question is, what force have 
our Church organizations in the communities where they 
belong? Do they stand for God and righteousness? Do 
they help to inspire the people with faith, hope and love? 
Are they so organized around Christ as a living Saviour that 
they are continually showing forth His life and light to all 
the world? 


The question of what we would do in West Virginia for the 
education of our youth, under Church influences is one that 
has been constantly present to my mind, and has occasioned 
much anxious thought. Several essays have been made look- 
ing to surh education for our girls, but so far wilhout per- 
manent success. My more particular attention has recently 
been directed to a similar efl'ort in behalf of our boys and 
young men, and there seem.s to be no insurmountable obsta- 
cle in the way of its accomplishment. 

We have an interest in the High School near Alexandria, 
and some of our West Virginia boys have availed themselves, 
and no doubt will continue to avail themselves of the many 
advantages furnished by that most excellent Institution. 
But under any circumstances this number will always be 
small as compared with the many who need such training; 
the distance and the expense both will tend to confine the 
benefit of this school to a comparatively few. 

Under these circumstances I have entered upon the enter- 
prise of founding at Morgantown, the site of our State Uni- 
versity, such an Institution as would accomplish the relig- 
ious ends we have in view, while at the same time utilizing 
without cost to ourselves the common provision the State 
makes for the intellectual training of her youth. The idea 
is to have in Morarantown a Hall, which shall be a Home 

324 The Episcopal Church 

for students, in which they shall live under greater safe- 
guards than are now altogether possible, and also come un- 
der such religious influences as their parents would prefer, 
while at the same time freely enjoying the superior educa- 
tional advantages the State affords. In this way the young 
men of our congregations, who attend the State University, 
would have a religious home of their own choice, and come 
under the constant influence of their own Church; and they 
would also at the same time be coming into contact with the 
larger life of the Commonwealth in which they live, and be 
meeting from day to day from all parts of the State, young 
men of every religious name, with many of whom they will 
be associated in after life. 

This whole question is one about which there is not sulfl- 
cient consideration. I want to say a word or two on the sub- 
ject today, and in doing so, shall freely avail myself of the 
contemporary discussion of the subject in our church papers. 

Some may say by way of objection to doing anything in 
the direction indicated, that it is not the business of the col- 
lege to teach religion, or to be an ecclesiastical propaganda, 
that we send our sons to college for an education. But we 
must not fall into the error of supposing that an education 
is mental only. The ideal college cannot be considered merely 
as a place of instruction, a place for filling the mind by 
means of books and lectures. Mere learning is only intel- 
lectual lumber, unless it be shaped and inspired by social 
and spiritual ideals; or at best, without these it becomes 
the mere instrument of a money getting, sordid and selfish 

The theory that religion is related to the family and the 
Church, and must be impressed upon each generation through 
these divinely appointed agencies, while for the school and 
the State, there is an entirely different range of duty and 
responsibility, is plausible and, with some qualification, true. 
But the school is not a Divine institution, as are the family, 
the Church and the State. The school is simply an expedient, 

IN West Virginia. 325 

to do what naturally belongs to the family to do. It is, or 
should be, really an extension of the family, a sort of co-op- 
erative family arrangement for securing better advantages 
of intellectual culture and discipline for the young, than can 
be provided in the separate homes. 

Where students live at home, there is very little that the 
school or college needs to do, but to furnish the means for 
intellectual culture, and the matters for self improvement. 

Just here is where the mistake is made, and where theory 
fails. Students do not, as a rule, live at home, after the 
completion of a very elementary course. 

Those who are preparing for college often go away to 
Boarding School, at an early age, and thence to College. 
They leave the family, and the school must take the place 
of the family, or the divine order of education is degraded 
to a human invention for mere instruction. Absent from 
the family, the student is absent from the Church, or, at 
least, has little to lead and hold him in his religious life, un- 
less the school itself supplies the lack, becomes in loco paren- 
tis, and provides for his social and religious welfare as well 
as for his intellectual training. 

We are not now discussing the relation of the Church to 
the day or to the public school, but its relation to the 
schools, which are also, for the time, the homes of the boys 
and girls, of the young men and young women, who are sep- 
arated from father, from mother and pastor. It is evident 
that such schools should be, as nearly as possible, all that 
the home should be. They take the place of home, and they 
must undertake to do all that devolves upon parents to 
do for their children. Youth who are far from the shelter 
of the parental roof can no more imbibe their religious prin- 
ciples from the family circle, than they can from that source 
derive social culture. They have a right to look to the school 
for the entire round of human develoi3ment, for manners 
and morals and religion, as well as for physical and mental 

326 The Episcopal Church 

These words which I have freely quoted set this subject 
before us with sufficient clearness; the course I have in- 
dicated seems to be the most feasible and promising for 
us to pursue in West Virginia, if these really great inter- 
ests are to be cared for. I trust we may be able to push 
it to a speedy completion. 

Church Hall. 

I place here upon record the communication I have ad- 
dressed to the Regents of our University, bearing upon this 

'Tarkersburg, W. Va., Jan. 28th, 1892. 
To the Regents of the University of West Virginia: 

1 desire to establish at Morganto-syn, in connection with 
the Episcopal Church, (of which I have the supervision 
throughout the State), but under the sanction and with the 
co-operation of the Regents and faculty, a Hall or Boarding 
House, which shall furnish a home for those who may de- 
sire, in connection therewith, to avail themselves of the ed- 
ucational advantages of the University. 

The question has come to me, time and again, as to my 
dutj' in the matter of helping in the education of the young 
men and boys of the Episcopal Church, who are growing up, 
in some sense at least under my care. During the past ten 
or fifteen years there have been quite a number of these 
who have patronized some of our church schools and col- 
leges in other States, e. g.: Gambler, Ohio, Washington, 
Pennsylvania, Alexandria, Virginia, Louisville, Kentucky, &c. 
This has been because the institutions at these places fur- 
nished to parents and guardians, more of a Church home for 
their wards than seemed possible for them to have, under the 
present arrangements at Morgantown. 

Of course, I know that it is perfectly competent for any 
Church to found its own high school and college, and some 
of them think it expedient to do so, but after having given 
some consideration to the subject, I have concluded to 
throw my own influence, and to try to direct that of my peo- 

IN West Virginia. 327 

pie, on the side of the State University, which is the fitting 
crown and climax of our public school system. 

It is competent, also I know, for any one to put up a 
Boarding House at Morgantown, and secure what patronage 
they can, but I prefer to undertake the special work I have 
in hand under the sanction, and with the co-operation of 
the Kegents and Faculty, in order that we may secure more 
readily the recognition and patronage of the public, and 
may for the internal administration of the house enjoy the 
prestige and authority of the T'^niversity rules and regula- 

The Hall or Boarding House proposed would furnish all 
needed accommodations to the students, under greater safe- 
guards than perhaps now are possible in many cases, and 
also under such religious influences as their parents would 
prefer, and yet leave them entirely amenable to all general 
University rules, and also perfectly free to avail themselves 
of all the educational advantages which the State affords. 

The internal administration of the Hall, and the general 
care of the students in their daily lives, hours of study, &c., 
would be in the hands of a warden, appointed by myself 
or by some other authority of the Episcopal Church, but 
acting in accordance with such general rules and regula- 
tions as would meet with the approval of the faculty, and 
would then be considered by the student, as of University 

The effort would be to provide the best accommodation 
in all departments and to make a safe and attractive home 
for all who would choose it as a residence. 

The gain of such co-operation, as I thus seek from the 
University authorities, would be to me, a more general recog- 
nition on the part of the public, and a more efficient in- 
ternal administration of the Hall; and to the University 
the more cordial interest and united patronage of no incon- 
siderable portion of our people throughout the State. 

While the Episcopal Church would undoubtedly be ben- 

328 The Episcopal Church 

efitted bj- having a religious home, thus provided for its 
young men and boys, yet, since the recognition and co-oper- 
ation desired, on the part of the University could be granted 
by some general enactment in regard to all authorized 
Boarding Houses, there would be no room for suspicion of 
favoritism. Nothing Is asked for this enterprise, that might 
not, with great gain to the University, be given with a free 
hand to all alike. It would not indeed be unreasonable to 
cherish the hope that the example of the Episcopal Church 
in this matter, niight stimulate other Churches to take sim- 
ilar steps, and result in a wide-spread revival of interest in 
the State University. 

While I have not the financial ability at this time to at- 
tempt to found a separate Episcopal College, I am free to 
say that neither have I the inclination to do so. I would 
rather gather the young men of my Church, at the State 
University, where, having, as is proposed, a religious home 
of their own choice, and coming under the continued influ- 
ence of their own Church, they may yet come into contact 
with the larger life of the commonwealth in which they live, 
and meet from day to day, from all parts of the State, the 
young men, of every religious name, with many of whom 
they will be associated in after life; this better comes up to 
my idea of real University education. 

I make known this plan to the Kegents as a first step, as 
I would like to have the encouragement of their approval 
before I undertake to raise the money needed for the enter- 
prise. I commend the scheme to their favorable considera- 
tion, and if any objections are made, I would be glad to an- 
swer them as far as I can, or to give any additional infor- 
mation that may be needed. 

Kespectfully Yours, 

Geo. W. Pbterktn." 
Parish Boundaries. 

The Committee on Metes and Bounds of Parishes appoint- 
ed at the last Council submitted the following report. The 





IN West Virginia. 329 

report was received and tlie recommendations adopted. 
The Committee was continued. 

To the Fifteenth Annual Council oj the Diocese oj West Vir- 
ginia, assembled at Martinsburg, istjune, i8g2: 

The undersigned appointed by the Fourteenth Council of 
this Diocese at Parkersburg in June, 1891, a committee to 
consider the question of Metes and Bounds of Parishes, with 
the view of organizing the Diocese on definite Parochial 
lines, respectfully report as follows: 

Your Committee entered upon the work assigned them, 
endeavoring to get such information as would enable them 
to make a satisfactory report; but soon found they would 
not be able to do so for the present Council. 

They w^ere surprised, after examining the Digest of the 
Journal of the Councils of the Diocese of Virginia, and the 
Journals of this Diocese, to find how little accurate infor- 
mation of the formation of parishes and their boundaries 
seems to have been preserved. In their investigations they 
have come across some interesting facts about the early his- 
tory of the Church and Parishes in that portion of the State 
of Virginia now comprising this Diocese, which it seems well 
to them to give to the Council, not as of any practical inform- 
ation or use for the matter now under consideration; but as a 
good starting point for some future committee to work from, 
until the matter can be brought down as a continuous whole 
to the present. Avitli the possibility that a continuous and 
complete record may in the end be obtained. 

On the 10th March, 1655, the General Assembly of Virginia 
directed that all counties not yet laid out into Parishes, 
should be divided into Parishes the next County Court after 
publication of the Act. 1 Henings Statutes, 399 and 478. 

In 1660-61, it was enacted that Counties and Parishes 
should be limited within certain natural bounds and pre- 
cincts, in two years thereafter, by consent of the inhabitants 
or judgment of the greater Courts. When natural bounda- 
ries were wanting thev were to be limited by marked trees, 

330 The Episcopal Church 

to be renewed everj^ two years in Easter week. 2 Hen. 18. 

Parishes could thus be laid off by the consent of the inhab- 
itants, but there seems to have been no provision for pre- 
serving the records of the boundaries. 

Up to this time, and for some seventy odd years longer, 
there seems to have been no Parish in any portion of what 
now constitutes this Diocese. For St. George's Parish, 
which was co-extensive with Spottsylvania County, termi- 
nated at the river beyond the high mountains on the North- 
west side thereof, and down same until against the head of 
Rappahannock. St. Mark's, which was taken from St. 
George's, terminated at the western boundary of St. 

Although Orange County was formed in 1734, from Spott- 
sylvania, and was bounded on the North by the Grant of 
Lord Fairfax," and westerly to the utmost limits of Virginia, 
yet the limit of the Church'is jurisdiction was the river be- 
yond the high mountains, the Shenandoah, and not till 1738 
do we find any Church organization in any portion of the 
present Diocese of West Virginia. In November, 1738, the 
two Counties and Parishes of Frederick and Augusta were 

Frederick County and Parish, was composed of all the land 
beyond the top of the Blue Ridge, and to the North East 
of a line from head Spring of Hedgman river to the head 
spring of the 'Totowmack" River. 5 Hen. 78. 

Augusta County and Parish was composed of all the rest 
of said land beyond the top of the Blue Ridge, Northerly, 
Westerly and Southerly beyond the mountains to the limits 
of Virginia. 5 Hen. 78. 

In 1753 all that part of the County and Parish of Augusta 
within the bounds of Lord Fairfax grant called the North- 
ern Neck, was added to the County and Parish of Frederick. 

And Frederick Co., as thus added to was divided after 1st 
May, 1754. All that portion lying to the Westward of 
ridge of mountains called the Great North, or Cape Capon 

IN West Virginia. 331 

mountains and the Warm Spring mountains to ^Totow- 
mack" Kiver to be Hampshire Co. 

Hampsliire Parish, 1st May, 1756. Frederick Parish was 
divided into Frederick and Hampshire, Parishes to corres- 
pond with the Counties. 6 Hen. 376. 

Hampshire Parish seemsi to hare been unusually delayed 
in being organized, for in 1761, we find an act, providing for 
an election of a vestry, reciting that the election ordered 
for 1st July, 1756, was prevented by an invasion of the 
French and Indians, and again in 1762 an act reciting that 
the election held under the last act was illegal, dissolving 
the vestry and ordering a new election. 

Botetourt County and Parish. In 1769, Augusta County 
and Parish was divided into two counties and parishes. The 
Southern portion being Botetourt Co. and Parish, and the 
Northern portion remaining Augusta Co. and Parish. Bote- 
tourt evidently comprised a large part of the southern and 
middle portions of this Diocese. 8 Hen. 395. 

Fincastle County. In 1772, Botetourt County was divided, 
and Fincastle Co. formed. The southern portion of the pres- 
ent Diocese of W. Va., which had been in the southern part 
of Botetourt falling in Fincastle. But in this act nothing 
was said of the division of the Parish. So Botetourt Par- 
ish still extended over Fincastle County. 8 Hen. 600. 

Xorhorne Parish. In 1769, Frederick Parish was divided 
into three Parishes, Frederick, Norborne and Beckford. 8 
Hen. 425. 

All of that part of this Diocese which was in the original 
Parish of Frederick fell at this division in Norborne Parish, 
the southern line of which was a line from the top of the 
Blue Kidge, running seven miles northeast of Winchester 
to line of Hampshire County. 

In 1772 Berkeley County was formed from Frederick Co. 
but the dividing line from the Blue Ridge to Hampshire Co. 
ran U miles farther north than the line of Xorborne Parish 

332 The Episcopal Church 

as above, and by the same act Norborne Parish was made 
to conform to Berkeley Co. 8. Hen. 597. 

Augusta County and District of West Augusta. In 1776 the 
boundaries of the District of West Augusta were ascertain- 
ed — it being that portion of the County of Augusta lying 
north and west of a line beginning on the Allegheny moun- 
tains between the heads of the Potowmack, Cheat and 
Greenbrier Kivers; thence along the ridge between Cheat, 
Greenbrier, and by Tygart's Valley Kivers to Monongalia 
River, up same and west fork thereof to Bingemen's Creek, 
up creek to head; thence direct to head of Middle Island 
Creek, and thence to Ohio River — the residue of the old 
County of Augusta to the line of Botetourt county remained 
the County of Augusta. 

The District of West Augusta was at this time divided 
into the three counties of Ohio, Yohogania and Monongalia. 
But nothing said in this act about Parishes — so the old 
Parish of Augusta still extended over all this territory. 
9 Hen. 262. 

Montgomery County and Parish. In 1776 Fincastle was di- 
vided into three counties, Kentucky, Washington and Mont- 
gomery — and the Parish of Botetourt was divided into four 
Parishes to correspond with the counties of Botetourt, 
Montgomery, Washington and Kentucky. 9 Hen. 257-261. 

It is thought by your committee that all that portion of 
this Diocese which was in Fincastle fell at this division in 
Montgomery and was thus in Montgomery Parish, but a 
small portion of the extreme southern part may have been 
in Washington County and Parish— they have not had oppor- 
tunity to investigate this. 

In Acts 1777, by act to take effect 1st March next, part of 
Augusta County and Parish were added to Hampshire Coun- 
ty and Parish, but the Parish still conformed to the county. 

Greenhrier County ami Parish. In Greenbrier County and 
Parish formed out of Botetourt and Montgomery counties 
and Parishes — bounded in the main as follows: Beginning 

IN West Virginia. 333 

on the ridge between the eastern and western waters (Alle- 
gheny mountains) where lines between Augusta and Bote- 
tourt crosses same; thence N. 55 W. to the Ohio River; be- 
ginning again at same point of beginning; thence along top 
of ridge passing Sweet Springs to Peters Mountain; thence 
along same to Montgomery county line; thence along same 
mountain to "Kmihatva'' on New River and down same to 
Ohio. 9 Hen. 420. The northern line supposed to join Ohio 

Hardy County and Parish. In 1790 Hardy County and Par- 
ish were formed from Hampshire County and Parish — Par- 
ishes to correspond with the counties. 13 Hen. 189. 

Harrison County. In 1784 Harrison County was formed 
from Monongalia; but nothing said of Parish. 

Here closes the first part of the history of Parishes in 
this Diocese; for it seems that no other Parishes were form- 
ed by the legislature; and soon after this, to-wit. on the 24th 
January 1799, the legislature repealed all laws relating to 
the ''late Protestant Episcopal Church." 

At this time therefore the territory now included in this 
Diocese was covered by and embraced in the following Par- 

1st. Augusta Parish — Covering all the territory of Ohio, 
Monongalia and Harrison counties and any portion of Yo- 
hogania, if any, which might be in the present State of West 

This was by virtue of the formation of the old Parish of 
Augusta; but your committee is of opinion that in fact 
there was no Parish organization in any portion of this ter- 
ritory, and practically there was no Parish therein. 

2nd. Hampshire Parish — Co-extensive with the then Hamp- 
shire county. 

3rd. Norhornc Parish — Co-extensive with the then Berke- 
ley county. 

4th. Montgomery Parish — Co-extensive with the then Mont- 
gomery county. 

334 The Episcopal Church 

5th. Greefibrier Parish — Co-extensiye with the then Green- 
brier county. 

6th. Eardxj Parish — Co extensive with the then Hardy- 
county. With possibly a small portion of the southern part 
of the present Diocese covered by Washington Parish, and 
a small portion of the western portion covered by the old 
Botetourt Parish, but we have not looked into this thor- 

The Church and State having thus parted, we have to look 
to the proceedings of the Church as to future changes in the 
Parishes, and we find the information very meagre as to the 
early action of the Church in these matters. 

From the Digest of Councils of the Diocese of Virginia, 
we find the following regarding Parishes in the present Dio- 
cese of West Virginia: 

Parishes in Wood and Jackson counties were admitted in 
1846. No boundaries given, but probably the same as those 
of the counties. 

Trinity Church, Martinsburg, was admitted in 1848; no 
mention of any alteration in the parish, it being Norborne 

Trinity Parish, in Marshall county, St. PauVs Parish in Put- 
nam county were admitted in 1850, no boundaries mention- 
ed; but probably same as those of the counties. 

St. Matthew's Church, Wheeling, we find from Bishop 
Meade, Old Churches, &c., of Virginia, was organized in 1819, 
but there is no record of its admission as a Parish. 

He says that St. John's Parish, Wheeling, was organized 
in 1849, and embraced all south of Wheeling creek; previous 
to that, St. Matthew's embraced all of Wheeling. 

Your committee thinks probably the two Parishes em- 
braced all of Ohio county. St. John's Church of Wheeling 
was admitted in 1850, according to the Digest above. 

Wetzd Parish — In Wetzel county, admitted in 1851. No 
boundaries, but probably the whole county. 

St. John's Parish, Pleasants county, Kavensivood Parish,. 

IN West Virginia. 335 

Jackson county, were admitted in 1852, no boundaries giv- 
en; St. John's was possibly- co-extensive with Pleasants 

Ravenswood Parish was evidently taken from Jackson Par- 
ish above; but no division line is given. 

Pt. Pleasant Parish — Mason county, admitted in 1868. No 
boundaries given but probably those of the county. 

Trinily Church, Huntington, admitted in 1870. No men- 
tion of Parish. 

All Saints^ Parish — Monroe county, admitted in 1871. No 
mention of boundaries, probably same as county. 

In 1871 a petition was granted for the division of Trinity 
Parish, Wood county, (probably the Parish mentioned above 
as formed in Wood county, 1846;) but no boundaries are 

In 1872, said Trinity Parish was divided, the new Parish 
being called Emmanuel Parish. No division line given. 

Grace Church, Pocahontas county, admitted in 1874. Noth- 
ing said of Parish. Madison Parish is in Pocahontas, but 
we have no data of its formation or boundaries, probably 
co-extensive with the county. 

Trinity Parish — Monongalia county, Emmanuel Parish^ 
Hardy county, admitted in 1876, No boundaries given. 

Trinity was probably co-extensive with Monongalia coun- 

Emmanuel was evidently taken from the old parish of Har- 
dy, but no division line given. 

This closes the second period of the history of the Par- 
ishes in this Diocese and brings us to the formation of the 
Diocese of West Virginia. 

The foregoing list we know is very incomplete, but it i» 
all we have been able to find from any record as yet, al- 
though we know there are many old Parishes still in exist- 
ence not mentioned therein, because, as yet we have not 
been so fortunate to find record concerning them. 

This brings us to the present, and until we have a report 

336 The Episcopal Church 

from the Rectors of the present Parishes or their Vestries, 
we are unable to proceed. 

We recommend that the aforesaid authorities, do furnish 
the information necessary to make a complete report, which 
can be done by the next Council. 

We want now, the boundaries of the present Parishes. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

RoBT. Douglas Roller, 
S. 8. Green, 
W. S. Laidley. 

Deputies to the General Oonrention: 

Rev. R. R. Swope, D. D., Rev. Dallas Tucker, Rev. R. D. 
Roller, Rev. S. S. Moore, Messrs. W. S. Laidley, Col. Wm. P. 
Craighill, B. M. Ambler, E. I. Lee. 

Alternates: Rev. J. Brittingham, Rev. Henry Thomas, 
Rev. T. H. Lacy, D. D., Rev. Geo. A. Gibbons; Messrs. W. E. 
Watson, W. G. Harrison, I. H. Strider, Capt. W. B. Colston. 

The Council of 1893. Clarksburg. 

The Sixteenth Annual Council met in Christ Church, 
Clarksburg, Wednesday, June 7th. Present nineteen of the 
Clergy and twenty-two of the Laity. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Rev. R. H. Mason. 

On Thursday, May 25th, the Rev. R. H. Mason, late Rec- 
tor of All Saints', Union, entered into his rest. He had been 
for a year or two residing in Virginia and officiating at Basic 
City, showing there, as always throughout his ministry, an 
earnest desire to be about his Master's business. He some- 
times spoke of growing infirmities, but his generally cheerful 
spirit and his constant and keen interest in the progress of 
the kingdom of God, kept us from realizing what we can 
now understand, how that his strength had been for soine 
time failing. Mr. Mason was widely known throughout the 
Diocese, having served in the ranks of the Clergy from its 
organization, and wherever known, he was loved and hon- 


m .^, 


Ie^-"^ ---^^ 

^HhUhv'*^ ^ ^A^Uil 



ST. John's, harper's ferry. 

IN West Virginia. 337 

ored. He was ever ready to depreciate himself and his work, 
and counted it his chief privilege to spend and be spent for 
Christ's sake. He preached the truth and lived it, so that 
in his dailv walk and conversation, he was an Epistle known 
and read of all men. Tenacious of his own opinions, he had 
a large hearted charity for others. He loved the Brethren, 
and as much as in him lay, sought to do good unto all men. 
To varied knowledge and a thoughtful mind, he united the 
simplicity of a child, so that the learned and unlearned, 
the ancient and the little child all found delight in his so- 
ciety. All Saints' Church, Union, is a monument to his 
unwearied Missionary zeal. He fostered the work there at 
great personal self-sacrifice, when each visit involved a long 
and laborious ride across the mountains from the Warm 
Springs, Virginia, where he then lived. And to his intelligent 
and faithful earnestness we are also largely indebted for 
St. Thomas' Church, White Sulphur Springs. To establish 
these churches, our dear Brother labored long and arduous- 
ly and we have entered into his labors. Of singularly gen- 
tle and pure spirit, he commanded the confidence and respect 
of all his Brethren. When he was with us we might say of 
him, as the Master said of Nathaniel, "Behold an Israelite 
indeed in whom is no guile,'' and now that he is no longer 
here to share the joys and trials of the common work he 
loved so well, we can write his Epitaph. "He walked with 
God, and was not, for Good took him." 

Mission to Brazil. 

I have been asked by the American Church Missionary So- 
ciety to take charge of their work in Brazil, and the Presid- 
ing Bishop has enforced the request by appointing me to 
the duty. Such oversight, as is necessary, will involve at 
least one trip to that distant country, which will perhaps 
consume as much as four or five months' time. As far as 
I have been able to learn from the general opinion express- 
ed in regard to the matter, and after consultation with the 
Standing Committee, it seems to be my duty to accept the 

338 The Episcopal Church 

charge thus committed to me, and to endeavor to meet the 
responsibility as best I can. When first proposed, the duty 
seemed something, I could not venture to undertake, requir- 
ing as it does such long continued absence from the Diocese, 
which though never more encouraging than at present, yet 
calls for constant care and supervision on the part of the 
Bishop. Various considerations have, however, modified my 
first impression upon the subject. The request was from 
a Society which has been, and still is, most liberal in its 
appropriations to our Missionary work in West Virginia; 
the Presiding Bishop has expressed himself clearly in favor 
of my going, and others of my Brethren among the Bishops, 
notably the Bishop of Virginia, to whose Canonical Juris- 
diction our four Clergy now in Brazil belong; take the same 
view, and my friends and Clergy generally throughout my 
own Diocese think that I ought to go. I have therefore con- 
sented to do so, and I shall trust that the Mission thus un- 
dertaken will be for the glorj^ of God and for the good of Ijis 
Church. I have always thought that this work in Brazil 
had special claims upon us. not only because it had is origin, 
and has so far drawn its worlcers from Virginia, but be- 
cause of the effort to establish closer commercial relations 
between our own country and that great South American 
Kepublic. It is surely time that the Christianity of North 
America was beginning to make itself more felt in the south- 
ern part of the Western World, and that we should do our 
part in trying to bring this whole Western Hemisphere into 
captivity to the obedience of Christ. 

As far as my own work in West Virginia is concerned, I 
may frankly say that I have tried to give myself to it. By 
the blessing of God I have been kept in such full health 
that four weeks' time is the full measure of all I have taken 
for anything that could be called recreation in the fifteen 
years during which it has been my high privilege and honor 
to labor in this field, where as I believe the Holy Ghost has 
made me your overseer. I have thoroughly enjoyed the 
work, and desire nothing more than that if it be the will of 

IN West Virginia. 389 

God. I may be permitted to prosecute it with iiniuterrupted 
diligence during the rears that are 3 et to come. But I would 
aA^oid the follj' of thinlving myself necessary to the work, 
and I know that W'heu a man is continuously in his place 
from one year's end to the other, he is in some danger of 
falling into this error. I would feel that I can safely com- 
mit the work here, for the time, into the hands of an intel- 
ligent and devoted body of Clergy and l^aity, and that no 
interest will materially suiler. It may be in (iod's provi- 
dence that this will be the way to make the great body of 
the Church, realize more than they otherwise would do, 
their own responsibilities, and the possibilities of their unit- 
ed and vigorous efforts. 

I ask the united prayers of my people for my 'safe voyage 
to and from that distant field, for God's blessing and guid- 
ance for the Avork w'hick I am commissioned there to do, 
and for such refreshment of mind and body by this extend- 
ed travel, that 1 may be able on my return, to labor in my 
own 'beloved Diocese of West Virginia with the greater 
vigor and elficiency. Certainly dear Brethren 1 shall carry 
you and yours in all your manifold labors, in your various 
fields, constantly on my heart, and ishall pray the good Lord 
to bless you severally as 3'ou have need. 

Trusting that while I am on my journey to hear from time 
to time of your well being, and shortlj^ to see you again face 
to face, and to carry on again, with renewed energy, our 
common work, I give you this charge as I go to a distant 
land for a little time, ''Take heed to yourseh^es^ and to all 
the flock over which the Holy Ghost hath made you over- 
seers, to feed the Church of God which he purchased with 
his own blood. And now I commend you to God and to 
the word of His grace which is able to build you up and to 
give yon an inheritance among all that are sanctified." 

The Rev. Dr. Moore offered the following, which was unan- 
imously adopted by a rising vote: 

The Council having learned through the address of the 
Bishop that he has been selected for the oversight of the 

340 The Episcopal Church 

Missionary work of the Church in the Kepublic of Brazil, 
and that, pursuant to the duties of this new call, he will 
probably sail for that country in the course of a few weeks, 
and desiring to put upon record its appreciation of the value 
of his services, both in his own Diocese and wherever else 
they may be rendered; Now, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of this Council, speaking 
for ourselves and for his people throughout the Diocese, do 
tender to him the assurance of our affection and of our 
prayers that he may have a prosperous journey and be safely 
restored to us. We bid him Godspeed in this work and trust 
that in doing it he may find, not only opportunity to min- 
ister to those to whom he goes, but also some relaxation 
for himself from his abundant labors, such as his unweary- 
ing devotion to the Diocese during the past fifteen years, 
has nobly earned for him. His care for the Diocese and 
his unfailing and affectionate interest in all his people have 
so endeared him to us all that we feel our words superfluous, 
when we say to him that our prayers will be with him in 
all his journey and with our thoughts will follow him by 
day and night, on land and sea. 

Parish Boundaries. 

The Rev. R. D. Roller read the following report of the 
Special Committee on Metes and Bounds of Parishes. 

7(9 ihe Sixtee7ith Annual Council of the Diocese of West Vir- 
ginia; Assembled at Clarkshurg, jth funt, iSgj: 
The undersigned Committee on Metes and Bounds of Par- 
ishes, appointed by the Fourteenth Council, and continued 
by the Fifteenth Council, respectfully report: 

In the report made by your Committee to the Fifteenth 
Council, and which is published at page 34 in the Journal 
of said Council, an account of the formation of Parishes 
in the territory comprising this Diocese, from its first set- 
tlement to the date of the organization of this Diocese, was 
given, so far as we could obtain information ; which report 

IN West Virginia. 341 

is asked to be read in connection with and as a part of this 

Your Committee having exhausted all the records and data 
to which they could gain access, addressed a circular letter 
to each of the Rectors in this Diocese, and to many of the 
leading Laymen, asking information as to when and 
by what authority their parish was organized, what 
change has been made in its boundaries, what are its pres- 
ent boundaries, as ascertained or claimed, and how they ob- 
tained their information. 

Many of the letters were answered; but your Committee 
regret to say that in only a very few instances was any in- 
formation obtained, owing to the imperfect manner in 
which the early records were kept. Hence, our report on 
the matter under consideration, must be very incomplete, 
and inaccurate. 

Resuming then, our account of the formation of Parishes 
from Ihe organization of this Diocese, the period to which 
it was brought in our former report, we have: 

^t. John's Parish, Wheeling, Ohio count}-, ceased to be a 
Parish in 1S77. We therefore report its territory as hav- 
ing reverted to, and now comprised in St. Matthew's Par- 
ish, Ohio county. 

St. Luke's Parish, Wheeling, was admitted in 1881, and 
comprises the whole of Wheeling Island, in Ohio county. 

Greenhrier Parish — The old formation of Greenbrier Par- 
ish seems to have been disregarded, probably because there 
may not have been any Church organization there, since the 
report of all laws relating to the "late Protestant Episcopal 
Church,-' in 1799. And in 1883 it was admitted by the Coun- 
cil of the Diocese, its boundaries to be all of the county of 
Greenbrier (except the White Sulphur Springs Mission) and 
the town of Alderson in Monroe. 

yelsoii Parish, in Jefferson county, was admitted by the 
Council of this Diocese in 1888, its boundaries to comprise 
so much of Jefferson county as is embraced in Middleway 

342 The Episcopal Church 

Magisterial District, and all of the Kabletown Magisterial 
District, West of the Shenandoah Valley Eailroad. 

We also report the following- as old and recognized Par- 
ishes although we can not ascertain when they were organ- 
ized, nor their exact boundaries. 

KanawJia Parish, Kanawha county, which we report, from 
our best information as embracing all of Kanawha county, 
except that portion embraced in Bangor Parish; Kanawha 
Parish having been formed when the county was very much 
larger than at present, it is probable that the original Par- 
ish lines embrace portions of other counties, formerly in this 
county, but as it would be impracticable to follow these 
lines, we limit its boundaries to the present county, except- 
ing. Bangor Parish as aboAG. 

Bangor Parish, in Kanawha county, boundaries not knowxi, 
except that Davis Creek is claimed as its Eastern boundary 
on the South Side of Kanawha river:, whether any portion 
of the county North of the river is claimed as being in its 
boundary we do not know. 

St. Andreui's Parish, in Jefferson county, boundaries sup- 
posed to be those of the county, except Nelson Parish, as 
above bounded. 

From our former report, and the foregoing in this report, 
we give the following table of Parishes now existing in this 
Diocese, in which we drop the old Parishes of the Colonial 
Government; for although together they covered the whole 
of the territory now comprising the Diocese, yet in large 
portions thereof there are no Church organizations, and they 
are considered as waste places, and as fast as they can be 
occupied are admitted as new Parishes: 


Name. Date. Territory and Bounds. 

All Saints' . . , 1871. Monroe county, except town of Alder- 

Bangor Portion of Kanawha county, West of 

Davis Creek. 

IN West Virginia. 



Emmanuel. . 



Territory and Bounds. 

Portion of Wood countv, around Vol- 

Emmanuel. . .. 1876. Hardy county, Old Hardy Parish of 
1790, was what may have been 
taken from Hardy county. 

Greenbrier.... 1883. Greenbrier county (except White Sul- 
phur Springs Mission) and Alderson, 
in Monroe county. 

Kanawha 1788. Kanawha county, except Bangor Par- 

Madison Pocahontas county. 

Norborne 1769. Berkeley county. 

Nelson 1888. Portion of Jefferson county, Middle- 
way Magisterial District, and that 
portion of Kabletown Magisterial 
District West of Shenandoah Val- 
ley Railroad. 

Pt. Pleasant. . 1868. Mason county. 

Ravenswood. .. 1852. Part of Jackson county. 

1846. Parish in .Jackson county. — No name. 

St. John's 1852. Pleasants county. 

St. Luke's.,.. 1881. Wheeling Island, Ohio county. 

St. Andrew's.. -Jefferson county, except Xelson Par- 


St. Matthew's. All of Ohio county, except St. Luke's 


St. Paul's Lewis county. 

St. Paul's 1850. Putnam county. 

Trinity 1850. Marshall county. 

Trinity 1846, All of Wood county, except Emman- 
uel Parish. 

Trinity 1876. Monongalia county. 

Wetzel 1851. Wetzel count:?. 

There must be Parishets in such counties as Harrison, 

Cabell and Marion, but of these your Committee has no in- 

344 The Episcopal Church 

There are probably other Parishes in the Diocese, but your 
Committee has no information concerning them. 

We could very properly close this report here; but in 
view of the fact that some questions have been asked your 
Committee, as to the good of this report, and as to the good 
of the Parish organization or division of territor3^ We 
take the liberty of making a few remarks and suggestions. 
History and experience has demonstrated that in carrying 
on government of any kind or seeking the establishment, 
and acceptance of any system or belief, over a large expanse 
of territory, the work can be more thoroughly and effective- 
ly accomplished, by dividing the territory into small and 
defined districts, and even sub-districts, and committing 
the care of locial matters therein to the inhabitants thereof, 
and incidentally imposing on them the obligation of an earn- 
est and faithful attention thereto, or of being left behind 
in the race. 

For these and other reasons we see the same policy has 
been adopted from the first in our Church organizations, by 
the division of the territory occupied by it into Dioceses, and 
the division of the Diocese, into Parishes or other districts. 

Independent of the foregoing, the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States, of which this Diocese is a part, 
in paragraphs 1 and 2 of section 6 of Canon 14 of Title I, 
in the Digest of Canons, has recognized the Parish organiza- 
tion in such terms, as to make it almost obligatory on the 
Church in the various Dioceses to divide them into Parishes. 

Canon 10 of this Diocese, in spirit, certainly, if not in let- 
ter, requires the division of the Diocese into Parishes, And 
as the Diocese is composed of the whole State of West Vir- 
ginia, your Committee recommends: 

That the Parishes heretofore reported by them as now 
existing in the Diocese, be continued and recognized as such, 
until altered or divided as provided by Canon 9. 

That in counties where there are more than one Parish, 
the boundaries whereof are not defined as in Kanawha and 




IN West Virginia, 345 

Wood counties; let the Rector and Vestry of the several 
Parishes agree upon boundaries, and report the same to the 
next Council as the boundaries of their respective Parishes. 
That the rest of the Diocese be divided by this Council 
into Parishes corresponding with the boundaries of the sev- 
eral counties, whether there is any Church organization 
therein or not. 

That the Secretary of the Council and Registrar make and 
keep a Pariish list. 
All of which is respectfully submitted. 

RoBT. Douglas Roller, 
S. S. Green, 
W. S. Laidley. 
The Council adopted the following memorial: 

Rev. Richard H. Mason. 

"Alive Forevermore." 

The Council of the Diocese of West Virginia, at its ses- 
sion' held in Clarksburg, (June 7th to 10th) 1893, having ap- 
pointed the undersigned a Committee to express the senti- 
ments and feelings of the Council in view of the death of that 
earnest, faithful and beloved "Man of God", the Rev. Rich- 
ard H. Mason; we desire to testify that, in our judgment, 
there has been lost to the Diocese and to the Church Mili- 
tant, one of the very most noble, pure hearted, unselfish 
and devoted of all God's children on earth. 

Our beloved brother knew well what it was to "endure 
hardness as a good soldier of Jesus Christ". He was so 
entirely devoted to winning souls for Christ that he count- 
ed his life as nothing to promote this end. So over the 
most untraveled roads, in the intensest cold of winter and 
heat of summer, he went on the glad errands of mercy to 
carry the "Story of the Cross," and sound on many a moun- 
tain and in many a valley ''the good news of the Kingdom." 
A man endowed by nature with many rare and excellent 
gifts, he was also a man of uncommon erudition. His read- 
ing was extensive, his learning was profound, his knowledge 

346 The Episcopal Chukch 

was accurate, but after we have said all this, it still remains 
true that for Richard H. Mason, his most conspicuous trait 
was his ''unselfishness," and his sturdy and stalwart devo- 
tion to Duty. No matter what his friends or the world 
might think, he always had the courage of his convictions 
and would do what he believed to be his duty, no matter 
what the consequence. He was a member of the Council 
from the very organization of the Diocese, and ever ready 
"to spend and be spent" for the promotion of the "love of 
Christ," and the planting and nourishing of the Church that 
he loved so much better than his own life. He died at the 
Warm Springs, Bath county, Virginia, May 25th, 1893, after 
a painful and lingering illness. He had been for the latter 
years of his life laboring so far as able, within the Diocese 
of Virginia, but still held his canonical connection with this 
Diocese. He was ordained in 1853. After 40 years spent in 
the ministry, after 40 years of laborious service, he is at 
rest, and has won his Saviour's approving smile, and heard 
His loving voice say "well done thou good and faithful ser- 
vant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." "Blessed are 
the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth, yea saith 
the Spirit that thej may rest from their labors, and their 
works do follow them." 

He leaves a wife and one daughter to whom the Diocese 
extends tenderest sympathy in this sad hour of affliction. 

For the Diocese, 

T. H. Lacy, 
W. S. Laidley. 

The Council of 1894. Wheeling. 

The Seventeenth Annual Council met in St. Matthew's 
Church, Wheeling, Wednesday, June Gth. Present sixteen 
of the Clergy and thirty-two of the Laity. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Mission to Brazil. 

"Thursday, 6th July. On this day, after constitut- 

IN West Virginia. . 347 

iug the Standing- Committee, the Ecclesiastical au- 
thority, to act during my absence, I left my home 
for New York in order to take passage for Brazil, via Eng- 
land, on Saturday 8th. This visit was in pursuance of the 
Mission undertaken by appointment of the presiding Bishop, 
to look after our Church work in that distant country. Of 
this I spoke in my address to the Council in 1893, and I pre- 
.sent with this address my formal report and record of my 
visit, and request that they be printed in the appendix of 
this Journal, as giving information concerning matters that 
ought to interest all our people. Under these circumstances 
it is not necessary that I should speak particularly of my 
visit to Brazil, My absence extended to Saturday, Novem- 
ber 25th, when I landed in New York upon my return, thank- 
ful to God for His providential care during all the dangers 
of the way, and also that it had been my privilege to lend a 
helping hand in the great work of preaching the Gospel, to 
those poor, who in that distant Southern land, are scattered 
abroad as sheep having no Shepherd. 

During this extended trip besides the services rendered in 
Brazil, for which see appendix "C" to this Journal, it was 
my privilege to preach twice on the steamship Berlin, en 
route from New York to Southampton, viz, on Sundays the 
9th and the 16th of July; also twice on the steamship Clyde, 
on the voj-age from Southampton to Rio de Janerio on Sun- 
days the 6th and 13th of August; and three times on the 
steamship Trent, on the return voA'age from Rio to South- 
ampton, viz., on Sundays October 22nd and 29th and on No- 
vember 5 th. I also preached in the English Chapel in Rio 
de Janerio on Sunday, October 15th. 

Having reached New York on Saturday November 25th, 
I proceeded to Richmond, Va. Here on Sunday 2Gth I preach- 
ed in St. James Church, and on Thursday 30th of November, 
Thanksgiving Day. I preached in Grace Church, Richmond. 


U is not unusual to hear complaints made of our Vestry 

348 The Episcopal Church 

system, indeed some persons openly advocate its abolition. 
Whether we hold such views or not, the fact of frequent com- 
plaint ought to make us look well to the working of the sys- 
tem, and endeavor to make it as efficient as possible. So 
far as I know, no one in this Diocese desires to see the pre- 
vailing method of managing the temporalities of our 
Churches by Vestrymen, and other like officers seriously mod- 
ified, much less altogether discarded, and even if any did, 
there is not much likelihood that any «uch result can be at- 
tained, nor has it been made to appear as yet that it would be 
desirable. Our wisdom then, while we have the system, is to 
make it thoroughly efficient in training the Vestrymen them- 
selves, and also in developing the aggressive power of the 
Church, There are some anomalies which have crept into 
our administration which it seems to me, call for correction 
by the voice of the Church speaking through the Council — if 
they be not in the power of the Vestries themselves. 

As to qualifications of Vestrymen and other Church offi- 
cers, there has been for some years considerable difference 
of opinion, some persons desiring to see the office restricted 
to communicants, and others opposing such restriction. 
That question has been practically settled for the present at 
least by the failure to establish any such test. The qualifi- 
cation of Vestrymen is now that of an Elector, and all such 
as are communicants, twenty-one years of age and over, who 
for six months next preceding the election have been bona 
fide members of the Parish in which they offer to vote, and 
all persons twenty-one years of age, and over, who for the 
same space of time have been regular worshippers in the 
same and regular contributors to its support by pew rent, 
or subscription or by some method by which they shall be 
known to the Treasurer of the Vestry, and relied upon as 

As far as being a regular contributor is concerned the 
Canon expressly rulesi out those who simply put something 
in the collection from time to time. A regular contributor 

IN West Virginia. 349 

is one who gives to the support of the Church by pew rent, 
or subscription, or by some other method, by which he shall 
be known to the Treasurer of the Vestry, and relied upon 
as such. Of course there may be some difference of opinion 
as to who are to be regarded as regular worshippers, but 
I think that one who, with abundant opportunity goes only 
once or twice during the year, can hardly be called such. 

Just along these lines there is great laxity of practice. I 
might say also, that while it may never have been determined 
precisely what the term communicant legally and technical- 
ly involves, I should think we could hardly avoid the con- 
clusion that in its analysis it must mean one who communes. 
And the Rector of the Parish must in the exercise of his 
responsibility as in the sight of God, finally determine whom 
he can properly call communicants in his charge. It would 
seem then that the Rector and the Treasurer are the two 
persons, and the only two persons who can authoritatively 
prohouuce upon the qualification of electors and Vestrymen, 
and it would seem as if the simplest way to discharge this 
duty was for them to give a list of all such to the three 
judges of election. 

The main trouble, however, often arises after the election, 
from the failure on the part of those elected to attend Ves- 
try meetings, or to take any part in the administration of 
the Church, and the trouble is frequently carried over from 
year to year by the re-election of the old Vestry, simply 
because no one cares to take the responsibility of turning 
dowm one who has served it may be for many successive 
terms; and so it comes to pass that we have a number of 
Vestrymen who are mere figure-heads, and indeed worse 
than that, because they not only will not themselves attend 
meetings, but by their membership they increase the diffi- 
culty of securing a quorum. In my judgment there ought to 
be no relaxation of effort to get a Vestry meeting regular- 
ly, from time to time, as may be determined, and if, with- 
out suitable excuse tendered, anv one be absent for so many 

350 The Episcopal Church 

consecutive meetings, then bis name ought to be dropped, 
and the remaining members ought to have the option, wheth- 
er to till the vacancy, or to accept the reduced number, if 
not less than three, as a coinplete organization. If one will 
not b}' active interest advance the cause of the Church, he 
ought not to be allowed simply by Ms neglect to hinder it. 
To continue on the Vestry month after month, and year af- 
ter year, one who has ceased to be even a casual attendant,, 
or who is openly and avowedly a member of another relig- 
ious organization — one who can not or will not attend the 
Vestry meetings, is calculated seriously to hinder the pro- 
gress of the Church and to bring the administration into 
contempt. In my judgment there ought to be regular stated 
meetings of the Vestry^ — quarterly meetings at least, but 
better bi-monthly or monthly, and if these oflticial bodies were 
continually purged of careless and neglectful members in the 
manner suggested above, or some other suitable way, which 
ought not to give offence, we should have a much more effi- 
cient administration of our temporalities, than we now en- 
joy. If in any given Parish you could not find enough per- 
sons sufficiently interested to keep up such an organization, 
there could be no better evidence that the congregation did 
not deserve a parochial organization and ought to be rele- 
gated to the position of a mission. I have heard Kectors 
complain that they could not secure a Vestry meeting dur- 
ing the year; such failure formally reported to the Council 
ought in itself to be sufficient to void the charter. When 
we secure such a body as a Vestry ought to be, with stated 
meetings, then we can bring them up more and more to 
something like a proper realization of what their responsi- 
bilities are, and get them to assume more entirely the tem- 
poralities of the Church, relieving the ministry from their 
frequent serving of tables, that they may give themselves 
continually to the ministry of the word and to prayer, and 
releasing the offertory also from the heavy charges that are 
now put upon it for current expenses, and so leaving it free 

IN West Virginia. 351 

to meet the demands of the missionary and charitable work 
of the Church. 

The Council of 1895. Charles Town. 

The Eighteenth Annual Council met in Zion Church, 
Charlestown, on Wednesday. June 5th. Present twenty-two 
of the Clergy and 37 of the Laity. 

The Diocese made an assessment upon Parish and Mis- 
sion Stations, for the Bishop's salary and Contingent Fund, 
for the current year (|3,445.00). 

A Permanent Committee was appointed to consider the 
question of the Division of the Diocese; the Committee of 
the last Council having reported that they could not find 
any practicable method of support for a new Diocese. 

From the Bishop's address: 

The Rev. Dr. Nelson. 

''Saturday, 27th. Took part in the funeral services 
of tiie Rev. Dr. Kinloch Nelson, one of our profes- 
sors ' at the Theological Seminary of Virginia. I had 
stopped off to spend a day with him, and to visit 
the Seminary, when he was taken ill and died in a few- 
hours. Dr. Nelson was my life-long and valued friend and 
had served the Church and the Seminary with fidelity and 
success. Without guile and without pretense, he bore the 
fair flower of a stainless life, and showed himself a work- 
man that needeth not to be ashamed. The Trustees will 
miss his steady, faithful services, and the students, both of 
the Seminary and High School, his ready sympathy and earn- 
est work for their good. May the many men he has helped 
to send out into the ministry be ever faithful to the truth 
which he taught them. 

The Annual Councils. 

Virginia Church Councils have long been different from 
others, in that they have been held to represent more than 
the mere business of the church. This, however needful, 
can hardly be made attractive to many persons, and does not 

352 The Episcopal Church 

tend greatly to spiritual education. I have, however, been 
apprehensive for some years that the old custom was weak- 
ening in Its hold upon our people. I cannot tell why, unless it 
be under the influence of that restless desire for change 
which seems measurably to affect us all, and that distinctive- 
ly modern notion that all time is lost except that which is em- 
ployed in the outward activities of our organized efforts. I 
have so far as I could, resisted the innovation which has 
shown itself among us from time to time, to make our annu- 
al Councils simply a gathering for the transaction of routine 
business, and I find myself sustained in this effort by the 
action of the councils in other Dioceses. Outside of Virginia 
they are beginning to see that there has been wisdom in 
our time honored custom, and are casting about for such 
adaptation of it ais may suit their own condition and cir- 
cumstances. So you will find at a recent convention in the 
Diocese of New York, there were special arrangements made 
for purely religious services, over and above all the business 
sessions. Such was the feeling in regard to the helpfulness 
of these services that it was declared that the day and hour 
marked an epoch in the history of the Diocese. The editor 
of the Churchman in calling attention to this change of their 
usual programme said: "It is of the greatest importance 
that the Annual Convention of the Diocese of New York 
should be the supreme opportunity of the year for the con- 
sideration of great questions, and the quickening of the spir- 
itual life. The experiment made this year has proved most 
encouraging, and it may well be that it may be suggestive 
to others who have felt the need of something to lift their 
own Diocesan Conventions with greater efficiency and value." 
It is not too much to say that we Virginia Churchmen have 
from time immemorial been working along these same lines, 
and have found our annual meetings to be precious seasons 
of refreshing and revival. I do not think we need any com- 
mittee to give us a programme, or suggest topics for dis- 
cussion. Let us continue to assemble in the Church, as has 





IN West Virginia. 353 

been our wont, for divine service, and to hear the preaching 
of the word, not only transacting faithfully the matters of 
business which properly come before us, but claiming the 
promise that where two or three are met together in Christ's 
name, they shall have Him present with them. 

Death of Maj. A. T. Laidley. 

Just as I am finishing this address, the news comes to me 
of the death of the venerable Maj. A. T. Laidley, of St. John's 
Church, Charleston. Maj. Laidley was identified for many 
years with the church in V^irginia before the division, and 
was one of those who early saw that the formation of a 
new Diocese in the new State was urgently needed in the 
interest of church extension. Since that time, although in- 
firmities of age have been growing steadily upon him, he 
has always shown the liviliest interest in every department 
of our church work. Of singular simplicity of character and 
devoted loyalty to the Master and His Church, he has been in 
his daily walk and conversation an epistle known and read of 
all men. Who can, through years, have witnessed his touch- 
ing devotion to his church, and not have recalled to mind as 
applicable to him, David's words: 'I had rather be a door- 
keeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents 
of wickedness.' We are the richer for the good examples 
of all those who depart in the true faith of God's holy name. 
As the Fathers in Israel are called to their rest, let the 
sons cheerfully take up their work, knowing that by God's 
good hand upon us our labor shall not be in vain in the Lord. 

Deputies to the General Convention: Rev. S. S. Moore, 
D. D., Kev. J. Brittingham, Rev. R. R. Swope, D. D., Rev. 
R. D. Roller, D." D. Messrs. B. M. Ambler, W. S. Laidley, 
Judge Frank Beckwith, Genl. W. P. Craighill. 

Alternates: Rev. AY. H. Neilson, D. D., Rev. Jno. S. Gib- 
son, Rev. W. L. Gravatt, Rev. G. A. Gibbons; Messrs. E. J. 
Lee, Dr. G. A. Aschman. Mr. J. D. Logan. Mr. J. H. Strider. 

354 Thi-: Episcopal Church 

Committee on Parochial Reports. 

The Rev. B. M. Spurr presented the following report 
from the Committee on Parochial Reports: 

We jour committee on parochial reports, respectfully 
beg leave to submit the statistics hereto attached, also to 
bring to your careful attention the following items: 

That whilst there are many reports that are carefully 
drawn and completed, it is deeply regretted that men with 
the standing which the clergy should have, should deem it of 
too small importance to make either correct or decent look- 
ing reports. 

In at least two items of our general summary — based on 
the reports — we are convinced that the increase is simply 
the result of fuller reports, and not an actual large addition 
of property, that is, that we have not added thirty churches 
and chapels during the year; but if we have the number 
reported now, we had most of them in 1804, the result being 
simply obtained from more accurate reports. 

Again, our summary' shows a decrease of twelve in the 
number of teachers from last year's report, which may or 
may not be true, because your committee know of several 
schools of which we have no report whatsoever. 

Further, that whilst we report a large increase of schools 
they are reported as having been run without expense, a 
most unusual example of Christian benevolence. 

We deplore the fact that many of the brethren having sev- 
eral places in charge, refuse or have not done their plainly 
indicated duty of making a proper summary, according to 
the plainly printed directions found at the foot of the print- 
ed report blanks. 

We wish now to call your attention to a very few of the 
inaccuracies, so that you may judge intelligently of the act- 
ual condition of the reports. 

One clergyman reports, that he has no church building, 
and yet is in possession of 120 sittings, which w^e are left 
to infer he stores in the rectory, so as to have them handy 

IN Weht Virginia. 355 

for the open-air services which he evidently conducts in true 
aifOstolie fashion. 

One brother enjoys quite a pension, for he reports a good 
salary received, a considerable communicant list, but has 
uo services during the year. This would lead us to expect 
the brother to be slick and well filled, but instead he looks 
weary and worn. We infer his conscience is troubling him. 

A reverend brother reports, that he has a Sunday school 
of 770 females. We have always known that the ladies 
were largely in the majority in both Church and Schools, 
but we are surpriised that this • good brother has coralled 
so large a numbei' of the fair sex; but we are very much dis- 
turbed when we notice that he has only 200 sittings for the 
divine ones, and sincerely hope that we are correct in sur- 
mising that he has borrowed the 120 sittings which the 
afore mentioned brother has stored in the rectory. 

In at least three parishes marvelous things have occur- 
red during the year. 

First, One reports that last year they had 11 communi- 
cants, have added 7 during the year, but that they now have 
none. We conclude this to be simply a matter of "Transla- 

Second, Another says, that they never had a communicant 
before, that none have been added during the year, but that 
they have 90 now. His cry is evidently "Eureka." 

Whilst a third brother's care-worn look of anxiety is fully 
explained, when we notice that he reports himself as a mis- 
sionary in charge of two Churches and 278 chapels without 
any assistant or means of lightening his burden. 

From these and many other items which might be given, 
we believe we rightly conclude that the Council should take 
some action which would promptly end such a display of in- 
capacity, if from carelessness-in-excusable; whilst if from 
lack of knowledge, easily remedied. 

We therefore move, That each clergyman make it a mat- 
ter of honor and do his level best to make a proper and ac- 
curate report according to the demands of the canon. 

356 The Episcopai. Church 

Council of 1896. Moundsville. 

The Nineteenth Annual Council met in Trinity Church, 
Moundsville, Wednesday, June 3rd. Present twenty-seven 
Clergy, including Rev. Lacien Lee Kinsolving. of the Brazil 
Mission, twenty-five laymen. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Old Zion Church, Etc. 

Monday, July 1st, '95. In company with Mr. Gibbons I 
visited the old Zion Church, North River, and preached. 
This was my second visit to this old Church. The first was 
made on September 13th, 1894, and I have reason to believe, 
as I said in my address 'to the last Council, that it was the 
first occasion of our service held there for sixty years. On 
this second visit a Prayer Book with suitable inscription was 
left upon the desk, not only for our own use on future oc- 
casions, but to act the part of a missionary in one of the 
waste places where we cannot have the voice of the living 
preacher. Monday, 16th. Addressed a meeting of the Wo- 
man's Auxiliary in the Chapel of Zion Church, Charles Town 
and at night confirmed one in St. John's Church, Harper's 
Ferry, after sermon by the Rev. Mr. Gibbons. This visit 
was of special interest to me, as I felt it would be the last 
service I should -hold in the old Church which, in its restored 
condition, the congregation had been using for about fourteen 
years. After some conflict of opinion and many natural 
regrets at the severing of old associations, it had been de- 
termined that the time had come to part with the old St. 
John's, and put up a chapel in a more eligible location. In 
my address to the Council of 1883, I find the record of the 
Consecration of thi« Church on Friday, December 1st, 1882, 
accompanied by tliis statement, ''This building which was 
never in a condition for consecration before the war owing 
to a debt upon it, was during the war entirely dismantled; 
literally nothing was left of it save the walls and the roof." 
The total cost of repairs was about |1,000. In returning now 

IN West YiitGiNiA. 357 

to the original plau of putting up a ebapel on a more eligi- 
ble lot. we find that our labor of restoration has been by no 
means lost, because iselling the old Church for |500, the re- 
maining |oOO, spent in the work of restoration really rep- 
resents the rent for fourteen years — a result that is in every 
way satisfactory. I believe the building of a chapel in a more 
accessible place than the site of the old Church will have 
a marked and immediate effect upon the progress and stabil- 
ity of the congregation. 

Council of 1897. Point Pleasant. 

The TAventieth Annual Council met in Christ Church, Point 
Pleasant, Wednesday, June 2nd. Present twenty-eight clergy 
and thirty laymen. 

St. Paul's Church, Sistersville, was admitted as a Parish, 
Limits, Tjier county; name Tyler Parish. 

The Woman's Auxiliary reported |174 raised for Diocesan 

On' motion the Rev. ]\Ir. Spurr Avas appointed with two 
laymen from each convocation, to visit each Church which 
receives assistance from the Missionary Board, and make a 
house to house visitation, in order to secure a more adequate 
support for the minister. 

A committee reported, that in their judgment, it was 
not expedient to attempt to revive the Brotherhood. 

From the Bishop's address: 

General Missions. 

As is well known the Board of Missions has had the gen- 
eral subject of the better and more regular support of our 
missions under advisement for a long time. The deficits of 
the past two years have naturally had rather a depressing 
effect upon the Church, and although they have been hap- 
pily overcome, still, in tlie failure, as yet to put the work up- 
on any better basis, or to adopt any better system than that 
which has prevailed in the past, the Board does not feel safe 
from a recurrence of such deficits in the future. They are 

358 The Episcopal Church 

continually embarrassed hj the fact that while they have to 
make definite j)ledges and contracts with their missionaries, 
they have no fixed income with whicli to meet these obliga- 
tions, and they can not but feel that oftentimes pressing lo- 
cal demands — Diocesan and Parochial — tend to reduce the 
contributions to missions far below what they ought to be, 
and what the Board has a right to expect them to be. 

Under these circumstances the Board earnestly desires to 
have the more cordial co-operation of the whole Church, 
and to this end seeks to create and diffuse through the 
Church such a sense of personal responsibility as will result 
in larger, more regular and more general offerings for Mis- 
sions. They do not think that this subject has received, in 
time past, quite the consideration it deserves. After all, 
the Board is but the agent of the Church, appointed to at- 
tend to details for which the whole body cannot possibly ar- 
range; and it is hardly generous or fair for the Church to 
leave it to administer so large and complicated a trust, with- 
out more definite instructions upon the particular points of 
the pecuniary obligations it should incur to carry on its 
work. The Board feels that it is comparatively powerless in 
the presence of so many and such pressing local claims as 
are continually before the Church — both diocesan and par- 
ochial. They are, therefore, iseeking to enlist as their most 
efficient auxiliaries those regularly constituted authorities, 
whose more decided interest and help would, we believe, re- 
vive our mission work in all the Churches. 

The difficulties in the way of formulating a definite plan, 
which should admit of general application, have been very 
great. Perhaps the best that could be done has been done, 
and I desire now formally to make it known to the Diocese 
and request their cordial co-operation. 

The Board of ^lanager*^ presents the following plans as at 
least a step, towards the solution of the Missionary problem. 

''Resolved: That the Bishop and Convention or Convoca- 
tion of each Diocese and Missionary District, be requested 

IN West Virginia. 359 

to constitute, in such a manner as they think best, an Auxil- 
iary Board of General Missions to act in behalf of this 
Board within their own limits and whose duty it shall be in 
the behalf of their respective Dioceses or Districts to notify 
this Board, before the time of its annual appropriations what 
sum they expect and will endeavor to contribute for the next 
fiscal year.'' 

It is for this Council to determine what they can and will 
do in the premises. Missionary zeal is in danger of being 
smothered, under the pressure of local needs. After all, 
many of these are of very secondary importance. If our en- 
thusiasm for Church extension, our desire to be co-workers 
with Christ in hastening the coming Kingdom were but equal, 
to that w^e have to promote the comfort and beauty of our 
Churches, we would exercise more self denial in order that 
the Lord's work be not hindered. The Churches generally 
are far more ready to receive than to give help, and yet, the 
Master has said it is more blessed to give than to receive. 
I want to remind you of what many seem to forget, that we 
ourselves have been such large beneficiaries of the general 
Church, to the extent of about |35,000, during these nineteen 
years of our Diocesan existence. Does not loyalty and grat- 
itude to the Church and the Master, loudly call for our more 
hearty support of that administration which has been and 
still is holding up our weak hands and strengthening our 
feeble knees, and ought we not to have a high ambition to 
help to extend to others the blessings we ourselves have so 
plentifully enjoyed? 

I want to add yet this word, that while recognizing these 
principles we must not be impatient about the details which 
alone can make them effective. 

We recognize faith as the great principle, and the constrain- 
ing love of Christ as the great motive power for this mission 
work with which we are entrusted, and we pray Crod mightily 
to increase our faith, and to pour His love in larger measure 
into the hearts of our people everywhere. Meantime we ask 

360 The Episcopal Chukch 

them all, and beseech them in the name of the Lord Jesus, 
as brethren engaged in a common work, to come to the help 
of the Lord against the mighty; to strike hands with us in 
a more cordial and intelligent and binding co-operation, 
that we may make the most of the opportunities God is now 
so gracioush^ giving us, and that this our missionary work 
may be done not only zealously, but so decently and in order, 
that while it may be evident that we are laboring with both 
hands earnestly to extend the Kingdom, it may be equally 
evident that in all our administration of these sacred trusts 
we are providing things honest in the sight of all men. 

Mr. E. I. Lee. 

Since the last session of the Council, the Diocese has ex- 
perienced serious loss by the death of the late Edmund I. 
Lee, of Shepherdstown. He always represented his congre- 
gation in the Council, and generally was sent by the Diocese 
as a deputy to the General Convention. He was also a mem- 
ber of the Standing Committee and a trustee of the Theolog- 
ical Seminary and High School. In the discharge of all these 
duties, as in all the relations of life, both public and private, 
he was foremost in every good word and deed, a knightly 
Soldier of the Cross without fear and without reproach. I 
have taken occasion elsewhere to express for myself and for 
the Diocese our high appreciation of his character, and ser- 
vices, and our profound sense of the loss we have sustained 
by the removal from our midst of so good a man and so 
faithful and earnest a laborer in the cause of Christ. 

Bishop Newton. 

While I am preparing this address the news is brought 
me of the sudden death of the Rt. Rev. Jno. B. Newton, 
Bishop Coadjutor of Virginia. It is but a little over three 
years since I took part in his consecration, and I had indulged 
the hope that he might be spared for long years to bear up the 
weight of that great Diocese, and ease the burden from the 
shoulders of Bishop Whittle. But in the providence of God 





IN West Virginia. 361 

this was not to be. In the prime of his life and the full tide 
of his powers, his Master has called him to lay his work 
down and come up higher. Justly loved and honored, not 
only by his own people, but by all in the community, he has 
left to the church in the three Virginia Dioceses a bright 
example of tsimple Christian character, devotion to his Mas- 
ter, and faithful work. May we all be ready even as he was, 
for in such an hour as we think not the Lord will come. 

Council of 1898. Weston. 

The Twentj'-first Annual Council met in St. Paul's 
Church, Weston, on Wednesday, June 1st. Present twenty- 
nine clergy, including Rev. Wm. Cabell Brown, of the Bra- 
zil Mission, and thirty-four laymen. 

The Rev. Dr. Roller, offered the following preamble and 
resolution which was adopted. 

Bishop Coadjutor. 

Whereas, The strain is too great upon our Bishop, by rea- 
son of the overwhelming duties and cares required by the 
large extent of territory, and increasing number of places 
requiring Episcopal supervision and administration in this 
Diocese; therefore. 

Resolved, I, That this Council seriously and earnestly con- 
sider the question of a coadjutor Bishop for this Diocese. 

II, That this subject be made the special order of the day 
for Thursday at 3 p. m. 

III, That the Committee on Assessments be requested at 
that hour, to state, 1st, How much of the Annual Episcopal 
Fund can be relied upon for this purpose, beyond the pres- 
ent requirements. 2nd. How much more, if any, can this 
fund be made to yield for this purpose, and 3rd, To make 
any recommendation they deem advisable to carry out this 

From the Bishop's address: 

Church Workers' Conference. 
Monday, June 4th. This was devoted to a conference of 

362 The Episcopal Church 

Chuich workers, at which I presided in Trinity Church, 
Shepherdstown, and made the opening address, and admin- 
istered the Holy Communion. The programme had been pre- 
pared by the Rector, Rev. Dr. Neilson, with great care and 
judgment and he was happy in securing the co-operation 
of his neighbors, both clerical and lay. Addresses were made 
by the Rev. Messrs. Gravatt, Thomas and Willis, and admir- 
able papers and addresses were furnished by various mem- 
bers of their congregations. I cannot but think that the 
public exercises of a conference like this, supplemented as 
it was by a social reunion, in the enjoyment of a most cordial 
hospitality on the pari; of Dr. Xeil son's congregation, must be 
productive of great good. 

Thursday, ITth. In the absence of the Bishops of Ohio and 
Southern Ohio, I attended, by special invitation, the com- 
mencement exercises of Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, and 
was delighted with all I saw and heard. Under the vigor- 
ous administration of President Pierce this Institution bids 
fair to enter upon a new career of usefulness. A large part 
of our Diocese is near enough to Gambier to make it a very 
convenient college home for our boys, and I am glad to know 
that quite a number have availed themselves of its privi- 
leges in times past. Our two trustees, the Rev. Mr. Young 
and Mr. Joseph DuBois, both of Wheeling, attended the 
meeting and received a cordial welcome. 

Sunday. April 10th, Easter Day. Ascension, Hinton. It 
was a great pleasure to meet this congregation in their new 
Church building. With great energy they set themselves 
to the w^ork of reconstruction, and after calling out their 
own strength they received aid from different parts of the 
Diocese to the extent of |577.87. This cordial response on 
the part of a large majority of our congregations, many of 
which were no stronger than the point they were helping, 
forcibly illustrates how we could continually be mutually 
helpful in a great many ways. The truth is, that to buy a lot 
or build a Rectorv or Church anv small Mission, involved 

IN West Virgixia. 863 

in all difficulties of its inception, ought to be able to depend 
upon the sympathy and the practical support of all the 
Church organizations of this Diocese. The tax upon them 
Avould be very light. The help and encouragement to the 
smaller Churches and Missions A'ery great. There is hardly 
a year passes when there are not at least four or five of 
such instances of g-reater or less urgency in which help could 
be given that it would seem by all rules of interest and 
Brotherhood and obligation ought to be given, and which, 
would greatly advance our Church work and greatly promote 
the common spirit of the Diocese. 


I must confess to a certain hesitation when I come to sum 
up, in a few cold figures a statement of the work to which 
I have given my time and best energies during the j^ear. It 
seems such a hard way of stating the case, as if the machine 
had been set in motion and then checked at the delivery of 
such' and such a tale of bricks. It seems such a material 
way of dealing with Spiritual things, or at least with that 
which ought to represent Spiritual things. So many visits, 
so many sermons and addresises. So many persons confirm- 
ed. What does it all amount to ? Well, it may be anywhere 
along the line from a great success to a stupendous failure. 
I make up the record, and then dear friends with thankful- 
ness to God that it has been given me to labour another year 
uninterruptedly in His vineyard, and in this part of His vine- 
.yard, thai He has given me so many opportunities of guid- 
ing and counselling others. I pray that His blessing may 
be upon all that has been said and done in His name, and 
that all of it, however, faltering and unworthy it be, may 
be taken up and worked into His precious plan of good for 
this Church and Diocese. During the year I have paid 182 
visits to 112 places in West Virginia, and have besides on 
official business of various kinds paid 32 A'isits outside the 
State. I have held 255 services of which 42 were at points 
outside of West Virginia. On the various occasions I have 

364 The Episcopal Church 

delivered 291 sermons and addresses. I have attended 71 
public and private meetings of various kinds, and on 75 oc- 
casions confirmed 308 persons, consecrated one church and 
ordered two Deacons Priests. 

Deputies to the General Convention: Rev. Geo. A. Gib- 
bons, Rev. S. S. Moore, D. D., Rev. J. Brittingham, Rev. B. 
M. Spurr, Mr. Jos. Trapnell, Mr. W. S. Laidley, Mr. B. M. 
Ambler, Dr. G. A. Aschman. 

Alternates: Rev. Jno. S. Gibson, Rev. C. C. Pearson, Rev. 
W. n. Neilson, D. D., Rev. R. D. Roller, D. D., Gen. Wm. P. 
Craighill, Mr. J. Howe Peyton, Mr. L. E. Sands, Mr. W. G. 

The Bishop reported, that he had appointed Rev. B. M. 
Spurr, Archdeacon of the Diocese. 

Council of 1899. Huntington. 

The Twenty-Second Annual Council met in Trinity Church, 
Huntington, Wednesday, June 7th. Present twenty-six 
of the Clergy and twenty-eight of the Laity. 

From the Bishop's address: 

St. Paul's, Weston. 

The first days of June (1-5) were spent in attendance on 
our Twenty-First Annual Council in St. Paul's Church, Wes- 
ton. The occasion furnished opportunity for the members 
of the Council to see and enjoy the beautiful new and com- 
modious Church, which through the joint labors of the Rev. 
Dr. Lacy, the late Rector, the Rev. Mr. Burkhardt, the pres- 
ent Rector with cordial support and co-operation of the 
whole congregation had been recently completed. The to- 
tal cost has been about $11,000, and at this time all was 
provided for save about |2,000. Since then I understand 
that more than half of this has been paid. Not only is the 
new Church larger and more beautiful and substantial than 
the old, but it has accommodations for the Sunday school 
and for work in various departments which prove to be 
most helpful, if not absolutely necessary. It is gratifying to 

IN West Virginia. 365 

find increasing attention paid lo these things, as our con- 
gregations begin to realize that for the successful prosecu- 
tion of our work something is needed beyond the mere audi- 
ence room for Sunday services. 

During the Council, we had our usual missionary meetings, 
which serve in such a marked degree to keep ''the great 
commission" more distinctly before us. The Kev. Wm. Cabell 
Brown, represented the work in Brazil, which has since been 
wonderfully strengthened by the consecration of the Eev. 
Lucien Lee Kinsolving as its first Bishop. This relieves me 
of all further responsibility for the official conduct of the 
work. I am glad under such favorable conditions to lay down 
the commission which I have held since the spring of 1893. 

Sunday, February 19th, 1899. A. M. and P. M., Trinity, 
Morgantown, confirmed six. I was glad to find the Episcopal 
Hall, under its new Warden, Eev. Thos. E. WinecofE, in good 
condition, more and more winning for itself the confidence 
of the University authorities and of the whole community. 
It would be gratifying if our Church people through the State 
realized somewhat more their responsibility in the matter, 
and that it was their part by sjonpathy and co-operation to 
stand by the Hall. We have not had all the patronage we 
had a right to expect, partly no doubt because parents have 
not thought much about it, and partly also because they have 
not been dispoised to exercise that authority over their sons 
which would prevent them from following college friends 
off to some boarding place, where they might be freer from 
wholesome supervision and restraint. 

Each year's experience confirms me in my judgment as to 
the importance of this institution, and I find that others 
are looking forward to the establishment of similar Halls. 

Notwithstanding all our efforts to the contrary I fear that 
many of the boys still regard the Hall as a mere boarding 
house, and have heretofore allowed themselves a freedom 
which has been beyond their true liberty, and has very much 
complicated the problem of administration. Such matters 

366 The Episcopal Church 

will, however, we trust, soou regulate themselves and our 
increasing experience in the internal management of house- 
hold details will secure continually more efficient and help- 
ful service towards the great objects of the Hall. The War- 
den has devoted himself with zeal to the work, and unites 
with me in a cordial desire to make this Institution in every 
way helpful to our young men at college, and not the least 
instrumentality a great State University may gladly foster, 
for advancing the cause of true Christian Education, and 
elevating the tone and temper of our young men throughout 
the xState. 


150 visits paid to 90 places in the Diocese. 28 visits paid 
to points outside; sermons and addresses, 244; services and 
meetings othef than above 53. 

Confirmed 247 of which number 137 were presented in fields 
distinctly missionary. 

The total number confirmed since the organization of the 
Diocese has been 4,658. Being an average of 211 per year 
for the whole term, or ISO for the first eleven years and of 
243 during the second term of eleven years. 

It may seem to some that with such a number of confirm- 
ations that our communion list ought to be much larger than 
it is^ — the reports this year show about 4,300 communicants, 
— but we are apt to forget the large losses year by year. 
Leaving out of view the losses for the year just past, which 
at this time of writing I cannot determine, — it appears that 
under the head of losses by death, removal and names erased 
the total for 21 years sums up 3,824. No doubt but that a 
good many of these removals, are only from one church to 
another, in the Diocese, our reports do not show to what ex- 
tent this is true, but after making all due allowance for 
this it must be evident that year by year losses to the Dio- 
cese are very considerable. 

The Sheltering Arms Hospital. 

This Institution, though not formally connected with the 

IN West Virginia. 367 

Diocese is of interest to us all, not only because we all unite, 
through our Thanksgiving Day offerings, in its support, but 
because such work so truly illustrates the genius of our 
religion and the spirit of the Master. How better than by 
earing for such an Institution, can the church show that she 
heeds the Master'is words, not only to preach the Gospel, 
but to heal the sick. 

During the past year 144 patients have been cared for. 
The number of inmates on May 10th, the date of annual 
meeting, being 25. The physician in charge and the nurses 
and the matron have devoted themselves with commendable 
faithfulness and efficiency to the discharge of their delicate 
and difficult duties, and to them is due owr gratifying meas- 
ure of success. 

The Institution has been carried on during the past year 
at an expense of about $4,300, and we have been enabled by 
gifts and otherwise to make a substantial improvement, in 
heating all the buildings with hot water, at an initial ex- 
pense of about |1,500, and an annual saving henceforth in 
fuel and ser\'ice. 

Although the income last year was not quite equal to the 
expenses, yet by virtue of special gifts mentioned above, 
and of a convenient surplus from the last year, we have been 
enabled promptly lo meet all our obligations and make a 
fair start on another year. 

The total number of patients cared for up to May 19th, 
(since the Hospital was opened) reaches the large number 
of 780; and all who have in any wise helped in this work may 
feel the greater satisfaction when they reflect that the gen- 
eral condition of the patients has been such, that in their 
own humble homes, they have, as a rule, been without the 
possibility of such comforts and conveniences as alleviate 
sickness and pain, and make recovery sometimes, even possi- 
ble. Only those acquainted with the manner of life of most 
of our patients, can estimate the vast amount of suffering 
relieved, and the great good done in such care of patients, 

368 The Episcopal Church 

as has resulted in their speedy restoration to health and 
strength, and consequent ability to resume work for the sup- 
port of their families. 

I trust that our people will not grow weary of this charity, 
but that they will continue, on the day when they assemble 
to thank Grod for mercies vouchsafed to them, to show their 
thankfulness, in part at least, by remembering the Shelter- 
ing Arms, with gifts of money and provisions and clothing. 
''He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the Lord: 
and look, what he layeth out, it shall be paid him again." 

The continued progress, if not the very existence of our 
Diocesan life is dependent upon the faithfulness and energy 
with which our various churches, large and small, face their 
duties. Human nature is the same all the world over, and 
there can be no doubt but that a habit of dependence is 
fostered by continual aid, there can be no doubt but that 
there is often practical imposition on the Diocese by those 
places that receive aid. The sentiment seems to prevail that 
as the public money is going ''we might as well have our 
share of it," and this judgment is confirmed by instances 
that might be cited of the most rapid and abnormal develop- 
ment on occasion. Just here is the problem, how to throw 
this responsibility just where it belongs without working 
hardship in the case of faithful men. I believe that just as 
one of the greatest political heresies is, that under the in- 
fluence of which the people look to Congress and other pub- 
lic bodies to legislate them into prosperity, so one of the 
greatest troubles we have in the church is the habit of look- 
ing to the Bishop and the Diocesan Committee and the Gen- 
eral Boards to assume our own part of the burden we ought 
to bear. There ought to be a far more resolute putting of 
our own shoulders to the wheel, and an honest pride in being 
independent, at least there ought to be a greater readiness 
than appears, to take up from time to time more and more 
the matter of our own support and cease to be pensioners on 
the Church's bounty. 




IN West Virginia. 369 

Bishop Coadjutor. 

Since the Canons require that before an election of a Bish- 
op Coadjutor, the Bishop of the Diocese shall consent in writ- 
ing to such election, and that also, in such consent shall 
state the duties which he assigns to the Bishop Coadjutor 
when duly elected and consecrated. I hereby formally give 
my consent to such election and specify as the official duties 
which in general and for the most part I desire to assign 
to the Bishop Coadjutor. Visitations, confirmations and or- 
dinations ais may be agreed upon from year to year, such oc- 
casional offices as the laying of corner stones, and the con- 
secration of churches and chapels, attendance on the convo- 
cations, and other general Church meetings, visiting vacant 
churches, and such other work as it may seem to me possi- 
ble and expedient to put in his hands. 

Let me say further that it is only fair to the Presbyter 
you may elect, and just to the Diocese, that he should have 
full knowledge of the condition of our work and the purpose 
for which we seek to secure his services. 

We cannot penetrate the darkness of even the near future 
and tell how it will be next year or the year after. Still it 
is proper to state distinctly that it cannot be said that the 
Bishop of this Diocese is unable by reason of old age, or 
other permanent cause of infirmity, to discharge his Epis- 
copal duties, but that we do what we do, on account of the 
extent of the Diocese. It is a move not so much to maintain 
the existing work as to extend it. No doubt different the- 
ories prevail as to the exact work which a Bishop ought to 
do. If any man thinks that his ministry is fulfilled simply 
when all the organizations, large or small, strong or weak, 
are visited, he may have a perfect right to his opinion, but 
in my judgment such a man, whatever his qualifications, Is 
not the man we are looking for, for Bishop Coadjutor of the 
Diocese of West Virginia. We want one who is willing and 
glad to do pioneer missionary work, to go out through the 
length and breadth of the State, and seek and search 

370 The Episcopal Church 

for our scattered people, and lay foundations upon 
which perchance others will build; we need a man 
who will have read}' sympathy for the missionary; though 
in the smallest and most unpromising field, and will show 
a large patience and a wise discretion in laboring in places 
where the church is but little known, and where perhaps 
only his successor will see it established. 

It is my earnest hope that with such diyision of labor, as 
an additional supply of mental and physical strength will 
make possible, that not only more places may be regularly 
yisited, but also more eflfectiye work may be done eyerywhere 
all oyer the State. When the Bishop has more time at his 
disposal than he can now possibly command, he can cultiyate 
closer personal relations with the people, and so bring his 
personal as well as his official influence to bear upon the 
churches, for the maintenance and adyancement of the woi'k. 
In other words, when the Bishop appears to the people more 
in the character of a chief Pastor rather than of an occasion- 
al yisitor, I belieye that his power for good will be greatly 
increased and all his efforts made more effectiye. 

In regard to the general question of a Bishop Coadjutor, 
I do not propose now to discuss it at length. Without any 
request from me, and I may say yery unexpectedly, this mat- 
ter was brought up at the last council, and it was with great 
nnanimity determined to make application to the Church for 
permission to elect a Coadjutor. This permission has now 
been obtained, and so far the way is open before us. 

The moyement, though not inaugurated by myself, has my 
cordial approyal, and will receiye my hearty support. I 
fear, howeyer, that owing to yarious unforseen circumstances 
and a little hesitation to yigorously and promptly push so 
large an undertaldng, that the Diocese does not find itself 
in the financial condition it expected. After a good deal of pre- 
liminary general discussion, the Committee on Assessments 
reported that -foOO could be depended on from current re- 
ceipts for the salary fund, and the Council undertook to in- 

IN West Virginia. 371 

crease its Permanent Fund from |4,000 to |20,000. Had 
this been done promptly, and the money so placed as to be 
now yielding an income, the amount so realized, together with 
the surrender by the present Bishop of such part of his salary, 
as after conference might be agreed upon, would have enabled 
the Council to proceed at once to an election. As it is, I 
cannot tell what is the best to be done. I trust the whole 
subject will receive your most careful consideration, and that 
the great Head of the Church, — the Master, to whom we 
all stand or fall, — will in such wise guide us that we may 
do that which shall best strengthen the Diocese and advance 
His kingdom. 


So far is the record for the year, and yet how incomplete 
and unsatisfactory all such records must be. We may omit 
things of greatest moment, and put down and emphasize 
what has but little value. There is however no escape from 
such incomplete and unsatisfactory record; it is the best 
that we can do in this line, and something seems necessary to 
round out and mark the successive stages in our work. 

Entering upon our twenty-second year, we have as it were 
passed our majority as a Diocese, and now have our work 
more distinctively than ever before us. What has been 
done in these years past has been done often amid very great 
difficulties, and that too with but few resources. To give our- 
selves the proper equipment of Churches and Rectories and 
such like necessary things has been for us an exacting task, 
and yet by the good hand of God upon us, we have managed 
to get together and spend in this way not far from |400,000 
or an average of |20,000 per annum. 

This work, as a rule, has been well done, and done once for 
all. It is now part of our plant. We have the uise of it, and 
ought to reap from it great advantages in our work year by 
year. If for their local needs the congregations, large and 
small, have made such noble provision during the past twen- 
ty-one years, shall we not hope for the Diocese, of which 

372 The Episcopal Church 

they are all an integral part, that they will now be 
ready to desire more liberal things, and that we shall be able 
with the greater vigor to carry on all our general work. We 
have many tokens of God's favoring hand upon us, — not only 
in the growth of our communion, both in numbers and influ- 
ence, but in its general activity in Christian work at home 
and abroad, and that during all these years of labor and of 
aspiration we have been at unity among ourselves. Surely 
such things are to be taken as the evidence of God's blessing. 
We thank Him and take courage. We go out to the work 
of another year pledged to a more hearty co-operation with 
one another, and a more faithful and constant service for 
the master. The time is short. Let the oee life we have 
be given to Christ, and we shall keep it unto life eternal." 

Bishop Coadjutor. 

The undersigned, members of the Special Committee ap- 
pointed to memorialize the General Convention or the Bish- 
ops and Standing Committees of the various Diocese, re- 
spectfully report that on August 10th, 1898, we sent to the 
Bishops and Standing Committees a petition for their consent 
to the election of a Bishop Coadjutor for the Diocese of West 
Virginia, in the following terms, viz: 

Parkersburg, W. Va., 189.. 

Your consent is asked to the election of a Bishop Coad- 
jutor for the Diocese of West Virginia, The ground, upon 
which this application is made, is the inability of the Bishop 
of West Virginia, by reason of the extent of his Diocese, 
to discharge his Episcopal duties. 

The Annual Council of the Diocese, in session June 1-4, 
1898, appointed the undersigned a committee to present this 
request, with the reasons therefor, to the Bishops and Stand- 
ing Committees of the Church. 

The Diocese of West Virginia embraces the entire State. 
It has an area of 24,780 square miles and a population, ac- 
cording to the census of 1890, of 762,794. The increase in 

IN West Virginia. 373 

the preceding decade was nearly 145,000. It is believed that 
it has been larger during the present decade, so that a mod- 
erate estimate would place the present population at 900,- 
000. Its distribution over the Diocese is more general than 
in many other Dioceses of larger territorial extent. In many 
sections of the country settlement has followed the lines 
of railways, and broad regions, to which these have not 
penetrated, are little settled, if at all. But the people of 
West Virginia are widely distributed over the entire State. 
There are 55 counties, of which the least populous has nearly 
5,000 inhabitants and the most populous fewer than 45,000. 
There are no large centres. Wheeling, the largest city, ha® 
only about 35,000 people, and only three other towns con- 
tain as many as 10,000 each. These conditions impose upon 
the Bishop constant travel and long journeys in his minish 
tration to those under his care, while, owing to the geograph- 
ical configuration of the State and its physical features, this 
travel is tedious and often dififlcult. The greater portion of 
the surface is mountainous and is traversed by many bold 
streams, which cut their way far back into the upland regional 
Kailway construction is difficult and, except for the three 
great trunk lines, which cross the State, few roads have been 
built. Save upon the western border, in the valley of the 
Ohio, there are no completed roads, connecting these lines. 
Hence it is often necessary for the Bishop, in the discharge of 
his duties, to take wearisome journeys of considerable 
length over poorly constructed mountain roads. The extent 
of travel required to cover the field may be inferred from the 
fact that the clerical and lay delegates in attendance upon 
the recent session of the Council, which met at the most 
central point probably in the Diocese, averaged a journey of 
about 500 miles each. 

Within this far-reaching territory there are now about 
4225 communicants. The clergy officiating therein number 
thirty-six. There are seveuty^six churches and chapels and 
many points, as yet unsupplied with either, where services 

374 The Episcopal Church 

are held, regularly or occasionall}-. The Bishop enumerates 
152 places, which he regards as needing regular Episcopal 
care to the extent of one visitation ait least in the course 
of each year. There are also other places which he has vis- 
ited occasionally and to which he feels that more attention 
ought to ge giren than he has been able to give. For these 
reasons we ask your assent to our petition. We request you 
to send your reply to Rev. S. Scollay Moore, Chairman of the 
Committee, Parkersburg, W. Va. 


S. Scollay Moore, Chairman. 

John S. Gibson, 

W. S. Laidley, 

Joseph Trapnell. 

With this petition we sent also the accompanying tabu- 
lated statement prepared b,y the Bishop of the Diocese and 
showing its growth under his administration: 

IN West Virginia. 


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376 The Episcopal Church 

Special Council. 1899. Clarksburg. 

TJie special Council, called primarily to elect a Bishop Co- 
adjutor, met on July 26tli, 1899 in Christ Church, Clarksburg, 
The Bishop presided and the Rev. J. Addison Ingle, of our 
China Mission preached the sermon. 

There were present twenty-eight clergy, all entitled to 
vote save one; and fifty-eight laymen, entitled to vote. 

On the sixteenth ballot, the Rev. W. L. Gravatt, Rector of 
Zion Church, Charles Town, received a majority of all the 
votes cast by each order, and on motion of Rev. Mr. Gib- 
bons, the election was made unanimous. 

The Council of 1900. Shepherdstown. 

The Twenty-Third Annual Council met in Trinity Church, 
Shepherdstown, on Wednesday, June 6th, 1900. Bishop Pe- 
terkin presided. There were present, besides the Bishop 
Coadjutor, twenty-four of the Clergy and twenty-seven of 
the Laity. 

From the Bishop's address: 

As to Election of Bishop-Coadjutor. 

It is with no ordinary pleasure that I meet you today, my 
Brethren and Friends, at this our twenty-third Annual Coun- 
cil, for I cannot but feel that since we last met, we have 
entered upon a new and most hopeful period in our Dioce- 
san life. The great problem of securing proper Episcopal 
services for a widely extended, sparsely settled and rapidly 
developing Diocese — ^a problem that has confronted us most 
seriously during the past few years, has at length been hap- 
pily solved. The deliberations of the twenty-first and twen- 
ty-second Annual Councils, were happily consummated in 
the special Council, meeting in Christ Church, Clarksburg, 
on Wednesday, July 26th, 1899, at which time the Rev. W. 
L. Gravatt, Rector of Zion Church, Charles Town, was chosen 
Bishop Coadjutor. This election was reached by the abso- 
lutely free and untrammeled action of the Diocese, in de- 
pendence upon that Divine guidance which is still realized 


IN West Virginia. 377 

in the Councils of the Church, and I heartily congratulate 
you upon it. No choice could have been more grateful to 
me personally, none, 1 believe, more acceptable to the Dio- 
cese, or having larger promise of usefulness. As the Dio- 
cese has of its own motion, and without pressure from me, 
taken this important step, I may properly say that I think 
they have shown both wisdom and courage; wisdom in mak- 
ing provision for a growing work before its increasing bur- 
den resulted in the disability of the Bishop, and courage in 
undertaking what larger and stronger Dioceses have deemed 
beyond their power. We now need to bend our energies to 
the work before us, that the happy result may justify so 
unusual a measure. Until such time as we can get closer 
to the primitive model of small Dioceses, measurably with- 
in the capacity of one man to oversee, we shall need such 
helps as Bishops Coadjutor, even for those not physically 
disabled, that they may be something more than confirming 
machines and traveling agents. Will you not pray for your 
Bishops, Brethren, that they may be wise and faithful in 
every relation and service, helpful to clergy and people, and 
in all things ensamples to the flock. 

Wednesday, July 26. Attended special Council in Christ 
Church, Clarksburg, called to elect a Bishop Coadjutor, and 
transact such other business as might be brought before 
them. This Council proved to be the largest ever assembled 
in West Virginia; there being present 27 clergy and 58 lay- 
men entitled to vote; and I am sure they feel under great 
obligations to the Rector and congregation in Clarksburg, for 
the cordial welcome they extended, and the hospitable pro- 
vision made for their entertainment. The session was mark- 
ed throughout by manifest interest and equally manifest 
good feeling. The Council was in itself distinctly encourag- 
ing. Considering the condition of our congregations as wide- 
ly scattered over a very large territory, so that attendance 
was on the part of clergy and laity accompanied often with 
great personal sacrifice, we may properly count that attend- 

378 The Episcopal Church 

ance as large and enthusiastic. As the balloting through 
the hours of the afternoon and evening showed, the result, 
at length reached, was no forgone conclusion, but one to 
which we may feel that we were divinely led in the careful 
and intelligent use of our judgment and experience. We 
thank God and take courage, consecrating ourselves anew 
to the work which the good Lord has called us to do in this 
part of His vineyard. 

Rev. W. T. Leavell. 

Sunday, November 5. In Mt. Zion Church, Hedgesville; 
preached a sermon memorial of the late Rev. W. T. Leavell, 
for many years the Rector of this Church, and the oldest pres- 
bjter in the Diocese. As was to be expected on account of 
his age (83) Mr. Leavell had not been strong for some years, 
but with wonderful energy and unfailing interest he had 
kept up his work to within a few months of his death. As 
his judgment and decision were largely instrumental in form- 
ing the Diocese, so his hopeful spirit and ready help were a 
constant source of strength. We all looked upon him a» 
our Father in the Church, and we thank God for the good 
example of this His servant, who now rests from his labors. 

Consecration of Bishop Gravatt. 

Friday, November 10. By appointment, in Zion Churchy 
Charles Town, took part in the consecration of Rev. William 
Loyall Gravatt as Bishop Coadjutor of the Diocese of West 
Virginia. The Bishop of Virginia presided, and he, with 
the Bishop of Washington and myself were the Consecrat- 
ors. The Bishop of Lexington and the Bishop Coadjutor 
of Virginia presented, and these all, with Bishop Penick, 
united in the laying on of hands. The Bishop of Lexington 
preached the sermon. Thus in not quite twenty-two years 
after my own election in Zion Church, the same building, 
though greatly improved and beautified, witnessed the con- 
secration of a well learned and godly man to aid me in the 
growing work. Hitherto hath the Lord helped us. 

IN West Virginia. 379 

Conference of Foreign Missions. 

Saturday, April 21. Saturday, 28. As an appointed Dele- 
gate, during these days I attended the Ecumenical Confer- 
ence of Foreign Missions in New York. Such meetings are 
well calculated to raise the tone and temper of the whole 
church, and inspire thoughtful earnest minds everywhere 
with a more intense desire to advance the Master's King- 
dom. Perhaps the most noteworthy feature of this great 
gathering, as many men of widel}' different church politics, 
and various confessions of faith met day after day, was 
their manifest thorough loyalty to Christ, the Common Mas- 
ter of us all. The spectacle of so many men and women 
from all parts of the world, and representing so many dif- 
ferent organizations, and such a varied constituency, cor- 
dially uniting in brotherly consultation, that they might 
profit bv each others' experience in the mission field, and sus- 
tain one another by the deeper realization of their Christian 
felloAvship, and gain such knowledge of the conditions and 
prospects of the general work as to enable each factor to be 
most judiciously placed and most efficiently used, was in ev- 
ery way helpful and inspiring. 

What we all need to learn, far more than we have ever 
yet done, is that tlie making Christ known upon earth is 
not only a duty but the paramount duty of the Christian 
church today. Too often the case is that the churches, as 
well as individuals, have it in mind to do something more 
in the mission fields, when they have satisfactorily met 
some local need, which though pressing in a certain sense, 
i. e., gratifying to the taste and perhaps comfort of the peo- 
ple, has after all really but little to do with the coming of 
the Kingdom. Would it not be well, sometimes at least, to 
weigh over against the comfort and satisfaction to be de- 
rived from new carpets, and better organs and stained glass 
windows and frescoed walls, and embroidered hangings and 
jewelled plate, and all that sort of thing, the immediate 
\)ressing duty of the Church to carry the Gospel to the pres- 

380 The Episcopal Church 

ent generation, so rapidly passing away. I fear that our 
people generally do not greatly care much for the coming 
of the Kingdom — do not greatly pray or labor for it; and 
I say this because whatever people may give or do, some 
marks of proper concern are entirely wanting. Compare, 
e. g., their interest in secular matters with that which they 
manifest for the Kingdom of God. Do you not suppose that 
the most, if not all, of our 3,000 families in the Diocese, take 
one or more secular papers to keep them abreast of the times 
in local matters, and the great march of events throughout 
the world? But how few of them, comparatively, take any 
proper means to inform themselves about the condition and 
progress of Christ's Kingdom, and the loud calls for labor- 
ers to go into His vineyard? 

I do not know how many of our 3,000 families take any 
of our church papers, but the General Secretary of our 
Board of Missions tells me that only 25 copies of the Spirit 
of Missions v/ere taken in AVest Virginia last year. I must 
confess that I was both mortified and grieved at the state- 
ment. Such number is utterly inadequate to inform our peo- 
ple, as they ought to be informed, as to the great campaign, 
and to guide them in any way of helpfulness. If to embue 
men with the missionary spirit you must acquaint them with 
the missionary enterprise, how can you expect under the con- 
dition of things I have described, that our people can know 
what God is doing for the world, and hear His calls for their 
service ? 

I suggest that the clergy make more and determined, persis- 
tent efforts to increase the circulation of the Spirit of Mis- 
sions ; and further that the elected and appointed members of 
the Missionary Council, from the Diocese, constitute a stand- 
ing committee which shall have under consideration the whole 
question of our more cordial co-operation in the general Mis- 
sionary Work of the Church at home and abroad, and by such 
methods and agencies as may commend themselves to their 
judgment, that they seek to stir up the wills of our people to 

IN West Virginia. 381 

a more determined and Christ-like purpose, and call forth 
their energies for a more faithful and self-sacrificing service. 


I have paid 114 visits to 89 places in the Diocese, and had 
.35 services and meetings outside. Sermons and addresses 
175, confirmed 88. I may add that the number confirmed by 
the Bishop Coadjutor has been 146, making the total number 
confirmed since the organization of the Diocese 4,892, which 
is perhaps rather more than the present number of our com- 
municants. Some persons have expressed surprise that our 
number of communicants should not be very much larger, 
but they fail to realize hov^^ great the loss is year after year 
by death and by removals. In the years of our Diocesan life 
this loss would amount to no less than 3,000. 

The Special Fund. 

In making report of my special fund, I can only call atten- 
tion to what I have, time and again so often said before, 
that although its work is quietly done, I believe that there 
is none more effective in its general results. It is designed 
to meet those special emergencies, for which no other pro- 
vision is made, and so with the intimate knowledge I get 
in regard to necessities of all kinds, from the fact that I am 
behind the scenes. I make appropriations as needed directly 
to supplement small salaries or deferred payments, to meet 
extraordinary expenses, travelling or otherwise, to have 
needful printing done, and helpful literature distributed, 
to help build and improve Rectories and Churches, to help 
the Diocesan Missions, or the Sheltering Arms Hospital, to 
assist young men studying for the ministry, to supply va- 
cant churches and to do many other things that touch our 
work, as occasion may require. 


It is gratifying to believe that the general scheme for the 
offertory, which I have been putting forth in gradually per- 

382 The Episcopal Church 

f ected form, from time to time, during the last few years, 
is growing in favor. As I have frequently said, the details 
are more or less immaterial — the great principle is what I 
desire to see accepted and applied, and I am convinced, from 
iny experience and observation, especially during the last 
year, that the plan is steadily gaining ground. On further 
consideration it will be found to commend itself, not only 
tiecause on every Sunday without regard to their attend- 
ance on services, it rallies to the support of the designated 
object the whole numerical strength of the Diocese, as com- 
pared with the half, or third, or fourth, or less part now 
reached, but also because by putting the responsibility of 
the local maintenance of our services where it belongs, that 
is on the Church officers, it encourages, if not compels them 
to such active and thorough work as must tend to the in- 
crease of their interest and the constant development of 
their efficiency. The business interests of the Church should 
not be made dependent on the chances of a public meeting, 
any more than any other business interest^t is not good 
business to make them so. The officers who are from time 
to time appointed or elected to superintend and provide for 
the finances of the congregation, ought to know their con- 
stituency — they have six working business days in which to 
approach them, and secure their co-operation. In this way 
they can do it more decently and effectually, so that when 
we assemble to worship Almighty God we shall be able to 
confine ourselves to that worship, and not take advantage 
of the occasion to pay up our dues for certain things we have 
bargained for, under the colour of having our alms as well 
as our prayers, go up for a memorial before God. So we 
are to call out our whole strength for the benevolent and 
aggressive work of the Church, and so we are to train up our 
people to an intelligent and business-like administration of 
their affairs. 

Diocesan Missions. 

The general subject of our Diocesan Missions will be 

IN West Virginia. 383 

brought before you by the report of the Committee, which 
will in due time be read. Nothing demands your, more de- 
liberate and careful consideration. The great problem be- 
fore all missionary Boards is "How to extend needed help 
to weak congregations, and at the same time develop that 
self-help which the congregations themselves must exercise 
for their proper growth, and which the exigencies of our ag- 
gressive work imperatively demand?" There is danger of error 
in both directions. We may err if we adopt a too liberal pol- 
icy, and on the other hand we may err if we are too economi- 
cal and exacting. As far as we, in West Virginia, are con- 
cerned, I believe we have erred rather in the first than in the 
second direction; that is, our policy has been too liberal, 
rather than too exacting. Not that we have not had large 
encouragement in our work, and have been permitted to see 
such development, in certain places, that they have grown 
out of their dependent condition, and become themselves 
centres of influence and power, but for all that, there is much 
to be desired, and since in more cases than one, when we have 
been able to bring to bear a proper pressure upon a congrega- 
tion it has risen up wonderfully to a conception of duty, and 
shown an ability to perform it, we cannot but think that 
there is in other cases not yet fully tested, still great room 
for improvement. There can be no doubt, but that the fact 
that there is a fund to assist weak congregations in oaring 
for their Pastor, creates an undue dependance upon it. The 
question comes up in the mind "Why should not we share in 
the general distribution?" and so, some look to this fund who 
■ought to depend wholl3' on their own exertions, and some 
cling to it long after they have grown out of such infant con- 
dition as made their first dependence natural and even neces- 
sary. Here is room for great searchings of heart. 

There can be no doubt but that our Diocesan Missionary 
work is the chief thing which, as a Diocese, we have to attend 
to. With us aggressive work is to be diligently followed, not 
only on its own account, which perhaps would be sufficient 

384 The Episcopal Church 

reason, but also because necessary for maintenance as well. 
The difficulties and hindrances of many kinds, in the way of 
the successful prosecution of our Diocesan Missionary work, 
cannot be understood or appreciated by the mere casual ob- 
server, hardly by the majority of even the most interested 
and intelligent of our people. It is so exceedingly hard for 
most people to rise above the consideration of their own local 
needs, and assign themselves and their work their proper 
relative place in the general scheme. The problems we have 
to do with are varied. They relate to men, and money, and 
co-operation, and the further and very difficult matter, al- 
ready alluded to, how to help congregations without making 
them dependent, and practically allowing them to impose 
upon the Diocese by shifting upon it burdens they ought 
themselves to bear. As an illustration of what I mean, I may 
tell you that I have heard only in the last few months of a 
certain Church officer saying to another, ''We will not con- 
cern ourselves much about the salary of our minister because 
the Missions Committee will pay the most of that.'' Such a 
remark was hardly fair or generous. Perhaps the spirit it 
indicates may be altogether exceptional. I hope it is, but on 
the other hand it may be a straw indicating which way the 
wind blows. I am convinced we would have a more hearty 
co-operation if our congregations would learn to look more 
beyond their own limits, and accustom themselves to consider 
interests other than their own. In the distribution of Mis- 
sionary money, and in the arrangement of services, no place 
stands alone. Other places are to be considered and provided 
for, and it is just possible that in such distribution and ar- 
rangement, the individual congregation v/hich has necessarily 
a rather narrow horizon, is not absolutely the best or most 
impartial judge of its own relative position or importance. 
Forgetful of this, congregations sometimes make unreasona- 
ble demands — demands for independence, for increased ser- 
vices, for resident pastors, while they are still very far from 
self-support. They see their own needs very closely — perhaps 





IN West Virginia. 385 

better than any one else — but they do not see other needs 
which press with equal and it may be superior demand upon 
the Diocese, which is to care for all. 

We must by some means try to strike out more decidedly 
than ever before for self-support, and the people must be 
taught, that except under very unusual circumstances, they 
cannot expect the General Church or the Diocese to provide 
them with church buildings or with services and pastoral 
care, so far beyond the capacity of the congregation, the de- 
mands of the community or the promise of the town. By 
what methods we can most surely secure that efficient work- 
ing of our system, which we all aim at, is food for thought 
and demands effort and prayer in our Parishes and Convoca- 
tions and Councils.' We need wisdom and zeal, for the work 
is great. 

I cannot tell you how much I feel that the Diocese is 
strengthened by the presence in the field of the Bishop Coad- 
jutor, and his hearty co-operation with me, and with all the 
Clergy and people in our common work. Give us time to ma- 
ture and develop our plans, and adapt them to the varying 
conditions of the work; time to bring the Convocations more 
into the line of aggressive work, time also to extend and 
strengthen our personal acquaintance with the Laity as we 
meet them on visitations less hurried than in the past, and 
we believe that more than ever our Diocesan organization 
will prove in every way aggressive and eflScient. We desire 
everywhere to stir up personal interest in the work com- 
mitted to us, and to fix upon all a sense of their personal re- 
sponsibility for it. In no sense are Bishops, or even the 
Bishops and Clergy the Church, so to limit your conception 
as to invite failure. The divine rule is to every man his 
work, and so we pray for all estates of men in God's Holy 
Church, that every member of the same in his vocation and 
ministry may truly and godly serve Him. 

Twenty- two busy years have sped away since I came to 
West Virginia to be your Bishop — twenty-two busy years, 

386 The Episcopal Church 

and but few are with us in our Councils now who were with 
us then. Still the succession of workers is maintained, and 
by God's good hand upon us the work goes bravely on. Dur- 
ing all these years, I have tried to give myself wholly to the 
work and with increasing gratitude to my dear people, Clergy 
and Laity, the yoke has been easy and the burden light. We 
are not called upon to make formal expression of our feel- 
ings in the family circle — mutual confidence and affection is 
something taken for granted — still I often wonder whether 
there ever was a more happy ecclesiastical family than this 
we have here in West Virginia; and I ask myself, was there 
ever a closer relationship, a more helpful and affec- 
tionate association between a Bishop and his partial people. 
During these twenty-one years 1 have stood to you in the 
responsible position of leader, and, with the memories of 
these years fresh in our minds, I have found it in my heart 
to say these words of grateful acknowledgment to all those 
who with me have borne the burden and heat of the day. 

But now we turn our eyes to the future. It is big with 
promise, and loudly calls for increasing and united effort. 
With wise forethought, you have provided a helper with me 
to go in and out among you, to share my labors, to direct and 
counsel and lead. Brethren, pray for us, work with us, for 
the Kingdom is j^ours, as well as ours. In your cordial co- 
operation we shall find a constant inspiration, and so we shall 
at the close of the day come to the Master bringing our 
sheaves with us. 

Summary of Bishop Gravatt's Report. 

Visits made, 112; sermons and addresses, 113; confirmed, 
146; baptized, 7; buried, 3; married, 2; admitted to priesthood, 
2; churches consecrated, 1. 

Incorporation of Churches. 

The Kev. Dr. Roller presented this report: 
The Committee appointed at the last Council to confer 
-with similar Committees from the various religious bodies 

IN West Virginia. 387 

in the State as to the question of such State legislation 
as will enable us to care for our Church and religious funds, 
resj>ec.tfully report: 

That the Joint Committees have had several conferences, 
the result of which has been the preparation of a petition to 
the Legislature of the State asking for the omission of the 
clause in the Constitution which prohibits the incorporation 
of Churches. 

Whereupon the Rev. Dr. Moore offered the following, 
which was unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That this Council approves the action of its Com- 
mittee and concurs with the representatives of the other 
religious bodies, in the petition to the Legislature to submit 
to a vote of the people a proposition to strike from the Con- 
stitution the clause prohibiting the incorporation of Church- 
es; and continues the Committee heretofore appointed for 
further action in this matter. 

The Council of 1901. Charleston. 

The Twenty-fourth Annual Council met in St. John's 
Church, Charleston, on Wednesday, June 5, Bishop Peterkin 
presiding. Beside the Bishop and the Bishop Coadjutor, there 
were present twenty-five of the Clergy and twenty-seven of 
the Laity. 

From the Bishop's address: 

Visitation to Porto Rico. 

At the request of the Presiding Bishop, and the Chairman 
of our General Board of Missions, I consented to undertake 
a visitation to Porto Rico to look after the interests of our 
Church in the Island. 

Accordingly, I sailed from Xew York on the 5th day of 
January, 1901, and returned on the 11th day of March. 
Through the activity and liberality of friends in this country, 
I was permitted to see before I left the Island, the financial 
difiiculty in the way of church building in the city of San 
Juan removed, and also to welcome an approved man to take 

388 The Episcopal Church 

charge of the congregation. It is still a day of small things 
with us in the Island, but we shall hope that the work al- 
ready begun in San Juan, and that, still longer established in 
Ponce, and on the adjoining island of Vieques, will now the 
more prosper under our hand. As my full report to the Pre- 
siding Bishop has been published, in the April number of the 
"Spirit of Missions" — a magazine that ought to be in the 
hands of every Churchman — I shall not here further speak 
of it, save to add, for preservation, a list of my services while 
on the Island. 

Tuesday, May 14th. Attended the Annual Meeting of the 
Board of Managers of our General Missionary Society at the 
Church Missions House in New York. This Diocese receives 
from this Board |800.00 for work among white people, and 
$400.00 for work among the colored people. We also receive 
$800, from the American Church Missionary Society. Of 
course, we could use more money, if we could get it, but as 
many other Dioceses and Missionary Jurisdictions are in the 
same condition, we cannot expect additional aid. We must 
always be on our guard against Imposing in anywise on the 
General Church, and strive each year, more and more, to take 
care of ourselves. In this way, as well as by direct contribu- 
tions, we can advance the cause of Missions. I cannot but 
wonder, that so many persons seem to have such little sense 
of the imperative and solemn obligation of missions. This re- 
sponsibility does not belong so much to any organization, like 
a church, or parish, or mission, as to individuals, who by bap- 
tism or affiliation, are identified with such organization. It 
is, therefore, depressing, and on any Christian grounds, in- 
explicable, to the last degree, that any report be sent in from 
any association of persons, or even from one person, which 
shows no recognition of this obligation. I urgently press 
upon the Clergy, as not the least important of their duties, 
that they exercise a more decided leadership in this matter, 
and that they make it more a matter of conscience to see that 
all their people, however small the organization, however 

IN West Virginia. 389 

scattered the constituenc}-, be represented by ofiferings for 
every object called for by the General Church or by the Dio- 
cese. That it can be done appears from the reports of some 
of our feeblest congregations; that it is not always done, 
equally appears from the depressing blanks on many reports. 


Caring for the bodily wants of men was so large a part of 
our Saviour's personal work, that it would seem as if it must 
now necessarily enter largely into the work of His Church. 
The messengers of John were bidden to go and tell their Mas- 
ter what they saw and heard, and the signs given them were 
chiefly in the healing of the sick, and the Church today must 
shov/ the same Divine credentials. From such premises we 
may argue strongly for the importance of Hospital work. 

It ought to be a source of great satisfaction to us all, that 
in our weak Diocese there seems to be some appreciation of 
this work. We have two hospitals, the Reynold's Memorial, 
located near Moundsville, and the Sheltering Arms, at Paint 
Creek. The former, the Reynold's Memorial, has since its 
opening, eighteen months ago, cared for 522 patients, of 
which number 276 were cared for free of charge. The latter, 
the Sheltering Arms, has during the past twelve months, 
cared for 222 patients, and, for most all of them, without 

While neither of these hospitals is under the control of 
the Council, yet, they may very properly be regarded as 
Church Institutions, because they are the legitimate fruits of 
the labors of our church people; after all. Councils like that 
assembled here today, sitting at such long intervals, and for 
so short a time, would be but poor boards of management. I 
believe it to be for the greater Glory of God, and the greater 
good of man, that through their own Boards and Staff these 
hospitals manage their own affairs. 

The development of such work has been phenomenal in the 
last few years. When I started the Sheltering Arms, about 
fifteen years ago, there was, I believe, only one hospital in 

390 The Episgopai. Chuech 

the State, haAing a capacity of pei^liaps fifteen patients; there 
are now twelve or lifteen, having a capacity of perhaps 700 
patients. As soon as the means can be provided, we hope to 
graft on to our work at the Sheltering Arms a training school 
for nurses, as has already been done at the Reynold's Memo- 
rial. The idea is not chiefly to supply nurses for hospitals, 
but for the scattered homes of our people throughout the 


At the Council of 1897, acting under the provisions of 
Canon III., title ''B," of our Diocesan Canons, I reorganized 
the Convocations, making five where before there were but 
three. This arrangement has not proved to be satisfactory, 
and I have, therefore, acceded to the request of the four Con- 
vocations specially concerned to reverse my action taken in 
1897, and restore the former status. As appears from the 
record, there is Canonical provision for the formation of the 
Convocations, but their efficiency is dependent upon the cor- 
dial co-operation of the members, and so in the most impor- 
tant sense they are voluntary. I therefore formally announce 
that the New River Convocation is merged into the Kanawha, 
and the Central into the North Western Convocation, and in 
each case according to mutual consent and request of each 

Our Convocations then stand as follows: First — Eastern 
Convocation extending from Harper's Ferry, our extreme 
eastern point, to the western boundary of Grant and Pendle- 
ton counties, or as it may properly be described, the eight 
counties east of the Allegheny Mountains. This Convocation 
has an area of 3,870 square miles and a population of 86,496. 
There are nine Clergy, nineteen Churches and chapels and 
1,145 communicants. 

Second — The North Western Convocation, extending from 
the Allegheny Mountains to the Ohio River, and north of 
Jackson, Roane, Clay, Spencer, Nicholas and Pocahontas 
counties, in all twenty-six counties, with an area of 9,245 

IN West Virginia. 391 

square miles, and having a population of 367,423. In this Con- 
vocation there are seventeen Clergy, thirty churches and 
1,897 communicants. 

Third — The Kanawha Convocation, comprising the rest of 
the State, viz : That part lying south of the North Western^ 
on the waters of the Tug, the Kanawha and the New Rivers; 
in all thirty-one counties, and 11,230 square miles; the com- 
plement of this Convocation is thirteen Clergy, thirty-one 
Churches, and there are 1,130 communicants. The figures 
given above are only approximately correct, and the latest 
returns are not available. 

In starting upon this new rearrangement, I desire to em- 
phasize again the importance of the Convocational System, 
which I fear has not yet been fully appreciated. To isolated 
Clergy — as so many of ours are — its social features are most 
valuable. To such it stands for fellowship and counsel and 
for the better knowing our opportunities, and the more re- 
alizing our obligations for Church extension within our 
bounds; while to the diiferent points of meeting, the sessions 
are valuable as showing the spirit and power of the church, 
and by the mouth of different witnesses, assembled from vari- 
ous points, establishing our faith and practice. 

I would like to see the Clergy make attendance a matter of 
conscience; and if some regular time be appointed and due 
notice be given, one of the Bishops will be only too glad to at- 
tend. They will welcome the opportunity of thus meeting 
the Clergy, and consulting about the common work. Let us 
all look for, and labor after, a more vigorous and eflficient 
life for the Convocations. 

Supply of Churches and Self-Support. 

We have never been more embarrassed than during the 
past year by the long-continued vacancies in different parts 
of the Diocese. We have made every effort to fill these va- 
cant charges, but have by no means been always successful, 
so that now while we meet in our Annual Council, we need 

392 The Episcopal Church 

at least seven more men to fill up the thirty-eight charges 
into which our work is at present divided. 

The question of supply ought to be considered in connec- 
tion with that of self-support, since the two are very closely 

The heaviest financial burden our churches have to bear is 
the support of their Pastors, and as this directly effects the 
question of supply, the whole matter is continually giving us 
great anxiety. 

It deserves more consideration than it is generally able to 
command ; and I very much fear that oftentimes, those whose 
special duty it is to consider this whole subject, and to make 
provision for the churches' need, give it but little thought. 
I am, in one way or another, continually insisting upon the 
personal obligation and responsibility of our Church officers 
to provide for the current expenses of the congregations they 
serve, in a more business like way, and I am convinced that 
it can be done and that it ought to be done. I am waiting 
patiently for a more judicious and courageous leadership on 
the part of the Clergy, just along these lines. 1 have striven 
to be perfectly frank in regard to all these delicate matters, 
and believe that some progress has been made in the appre- 
hension, by our people, of the proprieties and necessities of 
the situation. And yet in the effort still farther to correct, 
what may often be unconscious thoughtlessness and unrea- 
sonableness about these matters, I want to speak a few plain 

And I am led specially to do this because in all seriousness, 
a good deal of the criticism made, both publicly and by let- 
ters, upon our General Diocesan Administration would seem 
to imply that there was lodged with the Bishops, our Mis- 
sions Committee, or somewhere in the Church, indefinite re- 
sources of men and money, and that the failure to supply 
either as demanded, was simply from ignorance of, or indif- 
ference to the conditions, or, I might almost say, from malice 




IN West Virginia. 393 

It is to be feared that the small and weak congregations 
do not clearly understand and distinctly remember what are 
necessarily their limitations in a missionary field like West 

As long as the Apostolic rule remains in force, that they 
who preach the Gospel should live of the Gospel, there seems 
to be no way to avoid this embarrassing question of money, 
and I am very much afraid that the objection to its frank dis- 
cussion and fair settlement, comes chiefly from those who 
think they have fulfilled their Christian obligations when they 
attend the services — or at least some of them — and it may 
be send their children to the Sunday School, and all perhaps 
in a patronizing kind of way. I am afraid that many people 
are apt to apply to the Clergy, but not to themselves, the in- 
junction, "Freel}' ye have received, freely give." 

As far as personal obligations and co-operation are con- 
•cerned, many of us have much to learn. In making arrange- 
ments to fill such vacancies, as from time to time occur, the 
Bishops need the cordial co-operation of all the members and 
friends of our Church, and especially of all the Church offi- 
cers. If a congregation is so far unable to support itself, and 
manage its own affairs, that they have to depend upon the 
Bishop to conduct negotiations for them, and secure a mis- 
sionary grant from any of the sources at their command, to 
aid in the support of the Minister, then the Bishops ought to 
have definite and positive assurance of what they can depend 
upon from the people in whose behalf they are acting. With- 
out this they are in danger of being placed in a most embar- 
rassing situation. It has happened more than once that men 
have been induced upon our representation to take charge 
of work in the Diocese, and after that, the promise of local 
support has more or less failed. I say local support, for our 
Missionary Boards have set the example of full and prompt 
payment of all pledges. Such failures in the support of the 
Clergy are very embarrassing not only to the Bishops, but 
the church officers, who are considered specially responsible 

394 The Episcopal Church 

for collecting and paying over the various subscriptions 
promised — no doubt but that in many cases these oflQcers 
could do their work more thoroughly and wisely, but it is 
also true that they often meet with humiliating rebuffs from 
subscribers, who ought to be glad to have them undertake 
and carry out that disagreeable work of collecting, from 
which they, themselves, would certainly shrink. 

When we are trying to perfect arrangements for the supply 
of a vacant charge, it is certainly of the utmost moment that 
we should know about this very important matter; we are 
expected to be very liberal and definite in regard to mission- 
ary appropriations, but are often left very uncertain what 
we can absolutely depend upon from the place or places in 
question, and so we cannot intelligently and honestly con- 
duct the negotiations for supply. 

It is for the people themselves to say how this result can 
be secured more surely in the future than perhaps it has been 
in the past. One would think that a nice sense of honor, to 
say nothing of the loyalty to associates in the congregation, 
and may I not say especially to the officers of the Church, who 
by his suffrage, are put in a very responsible and thankless 
position, and to the Bishops, who have upon them the care 
of all the Churches, would prompt every one frankly and cor- 
dially to meet the pledges, which of his own free will he has 
made for the support of the Church. 

And as in all such cases, where a number of people are 
united in the conduct of any undertaking, it ought to be re- 
membered that since it is simply impossible to please and sat- 
isfy everybody, that it is utterly disorganizing and demoraliz- 
ing for people to withhold their support to the Church, sim- 
ply because they could with something different, or because 
the Minister does not happen to strike their fancy as a man 
of eloquence and power. Personal gifts are rare, and we 
have no right to demand more than that faithfulness which 
is required in Stewards. We are all interested in getting the 
most efficient men we can in anv wise command, but in fol- 

IN West Virginia. 395 

lowing out this endeavor we have duties to one another, as 
well as to the Ministry of the Church, and it is nothing less 
than disreputable to put off in any way upon others — Church 
officers or Bishops — ^the burden which we have in common 
assumed. The fact that there is no legal redress for such a 
state of things, shiould make all the more binding upon the 
conscience, the high moral obligation to do our full part in 
the maintenance of the Church to which we are in any wise 
related or pledged. 

I believe that one reason why our people are not more ex- 
act and prompt in fulfilling their obligations is that they 
have indefinite and unreasonable expectations about getting 
aid in some way from other persons. As they are poorly in- 
formed as to the extent of our work and the resources at our 
command, so they have erroneous ideas about the ability 
and responsibility of the Diocese, and of the General Church 
to help weak congregations. 

I was told once of a lady, who came to the chief officer of 
the Kector's Aid Society of a large Church, to ask aid for 
some poor person and was much surprised to find that there 
were no funds available for the purpose. ''Why," said she, ''I 
thought there was a fund for this purpose." "So there is,'* 
was the reply, "but it is made up of the offerings taken up at 
the time of the celebration of the Holy Communion, and I 
notice you never put anything in. How, then, can you expect 
such a fund to meet the ordinary demands upon it, when so 
many, and you among the number, fail to contribute to it?'* 
And I had, on one occasion, personal knowledge of a Clergy- 
man — the Eector of a large and wealthy Church — who ap- 
plied to his Bishop for $200.00, from a certain Missionary 
Society, to whose resources he had never contributed so much 
as a cent. These, perhaps, may be extreme cases — I hope they 
are — but they serve to illustrate the too common disposition 
to be seen in Churches, and missions, as well as in individu- 
als, to shirk our own responsibilities, and depend too much 
on others. The Diocese and the General Church has no other 

396 The Episcopal Church 

resources except those which the churches commit to them, 
and their executive boards are often at their wits' end to 
meet these imperative obligations; they always have demands 
far beyond their powers to supply, and by a great stretch of 
charity and prerogative, often hold on to unpromising fields, 
when new and inviting territory opens out before them. 

Resident Pastors. 

In thinking over this matter, I have come to the conclusion 
that in many cases our Infant Missions and Churches are too 
Impatient of results. They forget the conditions of develop- 
ment; and so the little band of five or six members that, with 
■commendable zeal, have, with occasional services, increased 
to fifteen or twenty, expect now to develop speedily into a 
full-blown Church, with a settled Pastor and a handsome 
building. But, granting the need of a Pastor — that is the 
ministry of an individual man to a single congregation — it is 
well to remember that there may be a period of growth in 
which a Pastor in the full sense of the word, however desira- 
ble, is a too expensive luxury, and in which a Church building 
must be strictly proportioned to the means of the congrega- 
tion, and that however plain the building may be. 

If you could more effectually secure these two things, first 
the building of a Church strictly within the means of the peo- 
ple, and, secondly, the cordial co-operation of various Church- 
es, in such wise as to secure the help of a Pastor, long before 
any one of them could command all his time, you would have 
taken a long step towards efficiency in a work like ours. 

And as a further suggestion in this direction, I may say 
that, in looking over a field like West Virginia, it is hard to 
tell how, with a comparatively small force of Clergy, and one 
that from the difficulty of support, if from no other reason, 
must increase but slowly, we can hope to accomplish a great 
deal, unless our Missionaries will be more leaders, who will 
gather workers from among the people, and by the help of 
these workers, keep better in touch with their widely extend- 
ed fields, and thus, by the help of others, oversee the work 

IN West Virginia. 397 

that is carried on far beyond their own power to conduct. 
So our work must develop, if at all; and so, I suppose, we 
ought to say it has been developing; but what we want now 
to do is to impress upon our people everywhere that the divis- 
ion of such large fields is something they must patiently 
wait and labor for; there is no reserve fund of money which 
can be drawn upon for Churches or for Missionaries; along 
this line we are about at the end of our rope; there seems no 
reason to expect the Diocese or the General Church to do 
miich more for us than it has done, or is doing; the Missions^ 
the Churches, themselves, must more resolutely put their 
own shoulders to the wheels, or the Chariot will not move 
more rapidly. I am afraid that there has been too much cod- 
dling, at home as well as abroad, and as one way of counter- 
acting the evil effect, we should more steadfastly insist that 
a Church or a number of Churches must show their ability to 
support a Pastor — at least in a very large part, before they 
ask for one. Of course, there may be exceptional cases, but 
experience shows that we cannot take the local judgment in 
determining what these exceptions may be. You can hardly 
trust the average member, or friend of the Church, very natu- 
rally, chiefly interested in his own congregation, to form an 
impartial judgment as to the relative importance of places 
that claim our care. Indeed, he is not expected to do so; the 
General Administration is for this very purpose. 

Clerical Emancipation. 

And while I am speaking thus of the administration of our 
congregations, I shall take advantage of it to speak what I 
think is a needful word in regard to the importance of freeing 
the Clergy more and more, from these absorbing details, 
which, I think, are often unfairly and improperly put upon 

In the early Church, the Apostles found it necessary to re- 
sist the encroaching cares of business details. They said that 
it was unreasonable to expect them to leave the Word of God 
and serve tables, and so they chose the Deacons to attend to 

398 The Episcopal Church 

these matters; that is, they put definite responsibility for this 
special work upon men chosen for it. In the interest of effi- 
ciency of administration, a division of labor was demanded. 
They appointed the Deacons to attend to the business in 
hand, that they might give themselves continually to prayer 
and to the ministry of the Word. 

And such a division of labor is not only for the benefit of 
the Clergy, but in the interest of the people. Yes; it will be 
greatly to their interest to free the Clergy, more and more, 
from looking after what they can through their agents, do 
for themselves, that the Clergy may be the more free to do 
what the people cannot do, i. e., look after the spiritual in- 
terests of the congregation. It is high time that the Clergy 
struck for a little more independence of those hindering busi- 
ness cares, in assuming which they have often unnecessarily 
burdened themselves, and taken away from their people du- 
ties, which under a wise leadership they would be ready to 

I am free to confess that one of the things I have in my 
mind, in insisting so continually upon drawing and maintain- 
ing the distinction between the business of the church and 
its more spiritual administrations, has been to promote what 
has been well called, "the emancipation of the Clergy," their 
emancipation from the serving of tables, in order that they 
might the more freely and fully give themselves to the min- 
istry of the T^'ord, and to prayer. I am going to use sub- 
stantially the words of another in setting this before you 
more fully. 

As we look at the practical administration of the Church 
today, there seems to be two fields of service, each of which 
is more or less antagonistic to the other. What fits a man 
for one, seems often to unfit him for the other, and so it fol- 
lows, that to whatever extent he is obliged to serve in both, 
he is at his best, in neither. One of these fields of service is 
his naturally, and of right. In it he is the preacher, deliver- 
ing his message; the pastor administering comfort and in- 

IN West Virginia. 399 

structions to his flock; he is the student, the man of prayer, 
of mediation, of vision, of spiritual power. With these duties 
most ministers are satisfied, and happy when they can give 
themselves wholly to them. But the other field — of antagon- 
istic service due to modern conditions in many places — en- 
croaches upon the minister's time, divides his strength, strips 
him of power and sometimes of respect. This is the alarming 
tendency, to make the minister the man of all work, or as it 
were the errand boy of the congregation. I protest against 
it in the name of God and man. It degrades the minister, 
and cripples his work. It has no promise of the best results 
in any department of the work. 

I do not think you will have any difficulty in following my 
meaning. As we all know, besides the ordinary demands upon 
the Clergy as Pastors and Preachers, many additional ser- 
vices are exacted. Do you want any intimation of what these 
additional services may be? This list will perhaps serve: 
Eeadjusting mortgages; repairing and painting property; 
looking after stoves and furnaces, coal, rent, sexton, notes, 
deeds, interest, insurance, bazaars, suppers and entertain- 
ments, and such like things. Can you be surprised that such 
exactions should sap a man's vitality, and unfit him for 
strong, vigorous and prophetic utterances on the Lord's Day? 
When a Christian Minister is expected to be everything from 
an Apostle to the walking advertisement of an oyster supper, 
it simply means that the supper will succeed at the expense 
of the Apostle, and the waste of the man. 

And all the blame for such a condition of things does not 
rest upon the people. I have heard ministers congratulate 
themselves that their vestries did not meet, but left them to 
manage everything their own way, and so, because they found 
it easier to do the work themselves than to lead and instruct 
the proper Church officers to do it; the Clergy have some- 
times had themselves to thank, that they have had so much 
serving of tables. Let there be an intelligent and persistent 
education of the people as to what they ought to do in re- 

400 The Episcopal Church 

lieving the Clergy of the business details and the whole work 
of the Church will be advanced. 

Diocesan Unity. 

It is not the least thing we have to be thankful for in West 
Virginia, that as Brethren we dwell together in unity. 

We read from time to time, that in this place or that — both 
here and in England — there are such differences of faith and 
practice developed, as must disturb more or less the peace of 
the Church. Such a condition of things is by no means wholly 
bad; it is the price we pay for comprehension and for prog- 
ress. It is, however, my earnest desire, that we continue to 
maintain in this Diocese the position that it has so far been 
our privilege and pleasure to occupy, i. e., the position of a 
frank and cordial acceptance of our Book of Common Prayer, 
not only as a full and sufficient Directory of Worship, but as 
an accepted compact between minister and people. 

From time to time there has appeared a spirit in the 
Church, which, while accepting the Prayer Book as a Direc- 
tory of Worship, has not been disposed to accept it as a full 
and sufficient Directory. I shall hope that in the future, as 
in the past, that we, in West Virginia, will not be reaching 
out for that most indefinite thing, called "Catholic Usage," 
and so come to have with our individual picking and choosing 
almost as many uses as there are Parishes, but that we will 
stand firmly, where we have been standing all these years, 
on the reasonable ground, that this Church of ours has in her 
standards defined and expressed the Catholic usage and 
teaching we ought to follow, and not left that difficult and 
delicate task to the comparative ignorance and indiscretion 
of individuals. 

I find myself each year very much taken up, in these An- 
nual Addresses, with questions of administration, taking ad- 
vantage of the opportunity afforded on the Sunday evening — 
which, though not strictly of the Council, yet practically be- 
longs to it — to speak to you along such lines as would more 
naturally be suggested as suitable for a charge. It seems to 



m West Virginia. 401 

me that such division of topics is wise; first, in helping to 
keep you together over Sunday, which, on a great many ac- 
counts, I consider important, and also as giving occasion to 
emphasize those things connected with administration, which 
continually call for our attention. 

The advancement of Christ's Kingdom ought to be the su- 
preme and constant purpose of our lives — I mean of the lives 
of all of us, Clergy and Laity, and of all we represent. But 
often our administration of those affairs, that have to do with 
the maintenance and advancement of the Kingdom is so fee- 
ble and lax that the supreme and constant purpose fails to be 

We have all of us. Dear Friends, need of a more absolute 
consecration to the work which God has given us to do. To 
do each day fully and thoroughly what our hands find to do, 
and to do it with an intelligent and persistent interest. This 
is the service, the Church is asldng for today from her sons 
and daughters all over this wide land. Can we propose to 
ourselves anything that can compare with it in dignity and 
in the promise of such blessed results? We meet in such 
Councils as this, year by year, not simply to cast up our ac- 
count!^, although such work may be important, but to take 
counsel together ; to instruct and encourage each other by 
exchanging experiences; to learn in private intercourse about 
ways and means and methods and results, as we cannot learn 
by public discourse; to devise more liberal things for the ex- 
tension of the Kingdom; to have our enthusiasm the more 
kindled for labor and for sacrifice, and, above all, to have our 
hearts burn within us while we hold sweet converse by the 
way, and worship together in the Lord's House; and find it to 
be to our waiting souls as the House of God and as the Gate 
of Heaven, Fill up the days, then, brethren, with hearty, 
grateful service. Be patient laborers in the Lord's vineyard. 
Stand steadfast in the faith; quit you like men; be strong. 


I have paid 132 visits to eighty-six places within the Dio- 

402 The Episcopal Church 

cese, and had flftj-eight services and meetings outside — in- 
cluding those in Porto Rico. Sermons and addresses, 255; 
confirmed, 101, of which nineteen were in Porto Rico. 

Summary of Bishop Gravatt's Report. 

Visits made, 111; confirmations, 125; baptisms, 7; mar- 
riages, 1; burials, 6; sermons, 125; addresses, 29; ordinations, 
1; churches consecrated, 1. 

Celebration of the Bishop's Twenty-Fifth Anniversary. 

The Standing Committee considered the matter of appro- 
priately celebrating the twenty-fifth anniversary of the con- 
secration of the Rt, Rev. George W. Peterkin, D. D., LL. D., 
as Bishop of the Diocese, and the Committee passed unani- 
mously the following resolutions: 

Resolved, That in view of the approaching twenty-fifth an- 
niversary of the consecration of the beloved Senior Bishop 
of our Diocese, the Standing Committee suggest to the Dio- 
cesan Council at its next meeting, a special effort to increase 
the Permanent Fund as a fitting celebration of the occasion, 
and as a thank offering to God for His mercies, vouchsafed 
to this Diocese, and that they recommend a collection for this 
object on Ascension Day, 1902 and 1903, an effort being earn- 
estly made to obtain a contribution from every person in the 
Diocese; and, 

Resolved, That the President and Secretary of this Com- 
mittee be appointed a committee to formulate and present a 
plan to the Council for the above purpose. 

Respectfully submitted, 

G. A. Gibbons, President. 
J. Gassman, 
A. J. Willis. 

The special order, Bishop Gravatt in the chair, was taken 
up at 9:40 as follows: 

Resolutions of the Standing Committee of West Virginia. 
Resolved, That in view of the approaching twenty-fifth an- 

IN West Yihginia. 403 

nivei'sary of the consecration of the beloved Senior Bishop 
of our Diocese, the Standing Committee suggest to the Dio- 
cesan Council at its next meeting a special effort to increase 
the I*ermanent Fund as a titting celebration of the occasion, 
and as a thank offering to God for His mercies vouchsafed to 
this Diocese, and that they recommend a collection for this 
object on Ascension Day 1902 and 1903, an effort being earn- 
estly made to obtain a contribution from every person in the 
Diocese; and, 

Resolved, That the President and Secretary of this com- 
mittee be appointed a committee to formulate and present a 
plan to the Council for the above purpose. 

Mr. Joseph Trapnell offered the following resolutions: 

I. Eesolved, That the report of the Standing Committee of 
the Diocese made on the first day of the session, be accepted 
and that the suggestion of said committee, looking to an in- 
crease of the Permanent Fund as a fitting celebration of the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the consecration of the Senior 
Bishop, be adopted by the Council. 

II. Resolved, That the Standing Committee be instructed 
to take the steps necessary and proper, to carry into effect 
the proposed scheme for the increase of said Permanent 
Fund to 150,000. 

III. Resolved, further, That all monies collected under this 
arrangement be paid to the Treasurer of the Permanent 

On motion of Bishop Penick, the resolution was voted upon 

First Resolution adopted. 

Second Resolution adopted. 

Third Resolution amended by Rev. Dr. Moore, adding the 
words, ''and that the Treasurer be requested to keep all sums 
so paid him under a separate head, in his accounts.'' This 
was accepted by the mover of the resolution, and adopted. 
Then, on motion, the resolutions as a whole were adopted. 

Deputies to the General Convention: — Clerical: Rev. S. 

404 The Episcopal Chukch 

S. Moore, D. D., Rev. J. Brittingliam, Rev. J. S. Gibson. Rev. 
R. D. Roller, D. D. Lay:— Joseph Trapnell, W. S. Laidley, 
B. D. Spillman, Jos. D. DuBois. 

Alternates.— Rev. G. W. Easter, Rev. B. M. Spurr, Rev. G. 
A. Gibbons, Rev. W. H. Burkhardt, Lay, J. T. Waters, J. D. 
Logan, W. G. Peterkin, J. Gassman. 

The Trustees of the Permanent Fund, Mr. H. H. Moss and 
Mr. B. M. Ambler, made, through their Treasurer, Mr. Amos 
K. Gordon, a very full and satisfactory report, showing the 
fund to be |21,876. 38. 

IN West ViRGiiNiA. 405 


Republication of all the Material Concerning the Churches in 
Western Virginia, from Bishop Meade's Book, Entitled "Old 
Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia," Published in 
1857— General Observations. 

In the fall of 1854, Bishop Meade was solicited to furnish 
Bome personal reminiscences of the Episcopal Church in 
Virginia, and promised two articles to one of our quarterly 
Eeviews, which most unexpectedl}^ grew into two octavo vol- 
umes. He was led into this enlargement by the further so- 
licitation of friends that he would extend his inquiries into 
former times; and by the discovery that there were mate- 
rials, not yet lost to history, of which good use might be 
made. Besides the recovery of many old vestry-books, or 
fragments thereof, supposed to have been lost, he either by 
his own researches or those of friends, found interesting 
materials for his work in a number of the old records of the 
State, which may yet be seen, though often in a mutilated 
and mouldering condition, in the Clerk's Otfices of various 
counties. Other documents of general interest to all, and 
of special interest to Virginians and their descendants wher- 
ever found, have been furnished from old family records and 
papers, never before used, and which must otherwise soon 
have perished. The Bishop also wandered, and not a little, 
nor in vain, amidst old churches or their ruins and the grave- 
yards around them, and the old family seats. The accounts 
of these, and the inscriptions taken froin them, form an in- 
teresting contribution to Virginia history. For nothing, will 
the descendants of the old families of the State be more 

406 The Episcopal Cuurch 

thankful, than for the lists of "\-estrymeu, magistrates, and 
others, which have been gathered from the earliest records, 
and by means of which the very localities of their ancestors 
may be traced. Nor has inquiry been limited to the records 
of our own State and country. The archives of Parliament, 
and of Lambeth and Fulham Palaces, have, through the 
kindness and labours of others, furnished many important, 
deeply interesting, and hitherto unpublished documents, be- 
longing to the history of the State and Church of Virginia. 
While portions of the book may have less interest for the 
general reader, being occupied with things belonging es- 
pecially to the histor}^ of Virginia, yet it is hoped that even 
those may be found worthy of perusal, while far the larger 
part relates to what should be the subject of inquiry to all 
who wish to be informed on the ecclesiastical history of our 

The following pages are from Bishop Meade's Book, enti- 
tled "Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia:" 

It is a useful employment for societies as well as individ- 
uals to look back through their past history and mark the 
dealings of a kind Providence towards them. The History 
of the Episcopal Church of Virginia has been, from the very 
beginning, a most Interesting and eventful one. I would 
briefly refer to some of its particulars, in order to raise our 
hearts in gratitude to God for its wonderful preservation, 
and to make us more faithful and zealous in using the proper 
means for its proper advancement. 

The Episcopal Church of Virginia commenced with the first 
settlement of the first Colony. The code of laws of that Col- 
ony was drawn up at a time when '"religion was enforced, 
even among Protestants, by civil pains and penalties which 
we would fain now banish from our recollections and blot 
from the page of history. That there was much of sincere 
piety moving the hearts of those who incorporated the forms 
of the Episcopal Church with the Colony of Virginia, as well 
as of those who established other forms amonjr the Pilarim 

IN West Virginia. 407 

Fathers of New England, I doubt not. Nor do I question 
the piety and fidelity of some of the people and pastors dur- 
ing its whole subsequent history. But that its spiritual 
condition was ever, at any time, even tolerably good, bearing 
a comparison with that of the Mother-Church, over whose 
defects also there was so much cause to mourn, faithful his- 
tory forbids us to believe. Many were the disadvantages 
under which she had to labour, during nearly the whole 
period of her existence, in connection with the government 
of England, which were well calculated to sink her character 
beneath that of the Church of England, and of some other 
churches in America. Immense were the difficulties of get- 
ting a full supply of ministers of any character; and of 
those who came, how few were faithful and duly qualified 
for the station! One who was indeed so faithful as to be 
called the Apostle of Virginia at an early period of its set- 
tlement, lamenting over the want of ministers in the Colony, 
thus upbraids those who refused to come. "Do they not 
either wilfully hide their talents, or keep themselves at home, 
for fear of losing a few pleasures? Be not there any among 
them of Moses and his mind, and of the Apostles, who for- 
sook all to follow Christ? The Council of Virginia also ad- 
dressed the most solemn and pathetic appeals to the clergy 
of England, beseeching them to come over to the work of the 
Lord in the Colony — though, it is to be feared, with little 
success; for in the year 1655 it is recorded that many places 
were destitute of ministers, and likely still to continue so, 
the people not paying their •'accustomed dues." There were, 
at this time, about fifty parishes in the Colony, most of which 
were destitute of clergymen, as there were only ten ministers 
for their supply. To remedy this evil it was proposed to es- 
tablish in the English Universities, Virginia fellowships, im- 
posing it as a condition, that the fellows spend seven years 
in Virginia; but we do not read of its execution. That the 
ministers then in the Colony were men of zeal can scarce 
be supposed, as a law was required enjoining it upon them 

408 The Episcopal Church 

to preach constantly every Sabbath and administer the sac- 
rament at least twice every year. If we proceed in the his- 
tory of the Colony another fifty years, which will carry us 
beyond the first century of its existence, w^e shall find only 
a few more parishes established, and, though glebes and 
parishes had been provided, not more than one-half of the 
congregations were supplied with ministers, the rest being 
served by lay-readers. In some places indeed lay-readers 
were preferred to settled ministers, because less expensive 
to the parishioners. As to the unworthy and hireling clergy 
of the Colony, there was no ecclesiastical discipline to cor- 
rect or punish their irregularities and vices. The authority 
of a Commissary w^as a very insufficient substitute for the 
superintendence of a faithful Bishop. The better part of the 
clergy and some of the laity long and earnestly petitioned 
for a faithful resident Bishop, as the Bishop of London was, 
of necessity, only the nominal Bishop. For about two hun- 
dred years did the Episcopal Church of Virginia try the ex- 
periment of a system whose constitution required such a 
head but was actually without it. No such officer was there 
to watch over the conduct and punish the vices of the clergy; 
none to adminster the rite of Confirmation, and thus admit 
the faithful to the Supper of the Lord. It must be evident 
that the Episcopal Church, without such an officer, is more 
likely to suffer for the want of godly discipline than any 
other society of Christians, because all others have some sub- 
stitute, whereas our own Church makes this office indis- 
pensable to some important parts of ecclesiastical govern- 
ment and discipline. Such being the corrupt state of the 
Church in Virginia, it is not v/onderful that here, as in Eng- 
land, disaffection should take place, and dissent begin. The 
preaching and zeal of Mr. Whitefield, who visited Virginia 
about this time, contrasted with the sermons and lives of the 
clergy generally, contributed no doubt to increase disaffec- 
tion. The pious Mr, Davies, afterwards President of Prince- 
ton College, made the first serious inroad upon the unity of 

IN West Virginia. 409 

the Church. His candid testimony deserves to be here in- 
troduced. "I have reason to hope," he says, "that there are 
and have been a few names in various parts of the Colony 
who are sincerely seeking the Lord and groping after relig- 
ion in the communion of the Church of England." ''Had 
the doctrines of the Gospel been solemnly and faithfully 
preached in the Established Church, I am persuaded there 
would have been few Dissenters in these parts of Virginia, 
for their first objections were not against the peculiar rites 
and ceremonies of that Church, much less against her excel- 
lent Articles, but against the general strain of the doctrines 
delivered from the pulpit, in which these Articles were op- 
posed, or (which was the more common case) not mentioned 
at all, so that at first they were not properly dissenters from 
the original constitution of the Church of England, but the 
most strict adherents to it, end only dissented from those 
who had forsaken it." 

That there was at this time not only defective preaching, 
but, as might be expected, most evil living among the clergy, 
is evident from a petition of the clergy themselves to the 
legislature asking an increase of salary, saying "that the 
small encouragehient given to clergymen is a reason why so 
few come into this Colony from the Universities, and that 
so many who are a disgrace to the ministry find opportuni- 
ties to fill the parishes." It is a well-established fact that 
some who were discarded from the English Church yet ob- 
tained livings in Virginia. Such being the case, who can 
question for a moment the entire accuracy of the account 
both of the preaching and living of the clergy of his day, as 
given by the faithful and zealous Mr. Jarrett? and who 
could blame him for the encouragement afforded to the dis- 
ciples of Mr. Wesley, at a time when neither he nor they 
thought there could be a separation from the Church of Eng- 
land? Dissent, from various causes, was now spreading 
through the Commonwealth; dissatisfaction with the moth- 
er-country and the Mother-Church was increasing, and the 
Episcopal clergy losing more and more the favour of God 

410 The Episcopal Church 

and man, when this devoted minister, almost alone in preach- 
ing and living according to the doctrine, discipline and 
worship of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was glad to 
avail himself of any aid in the good work he was endeavoring 
to perform. For the time, however, his efforts were una- 
vailing. The war of the Revolution was approaching, and 
with it the downfall of the Church. Many circumstances 
contributed to this event. The opposition to the Dissenters 
in times past had embittered their minds against the declin- 
ing Establishment. The attachment of some few of the cler- 
gy to the cause of the king subjected the Church itself to 
suspicion, and gave further occasion to its enemies to seek 
its destruction. The dispute about Church property now 
came on, and, for twenty-seven years, was waged with bit- 
terness and violence. At the commencement of the War of 
the Revolution, Virginia had ninety-one clergymen, officiat- 
ing in one hundred and sixty-four churches and chapels; at 
its close, only twenty-eight ministers were found labouring 
in the less desolate parishes of the State. Whither numbers 
of them had fled, and to what secular pursuits some of them 
had betaken themselves, it is not in our power to state. Had 
they been faithful shepherds, they would not have thus 
deserted their flocks. 

We come now to the efforts of the more faithful to 
strengthen the things that remained but were ready to die. 
In comuion with some other dioceses, the Cliurch in Virginia 
resohed on an effort to obtain consecration from abroad for 
a Bishop who miglit complete her imperfect organization. 
A very worthy num, the Rev. Dr. Griffith, was selected for 
the purpose; but so depressed was her condition, so little 
zeal was found in her members, that, though for three suc- 
cessive years calls were made upon the parishes for funds 
to defray his expenses to England, only twenty-eight pounds 
were raised, a sum altogether insufficient for the purpose, 
so that the effort on his part was abandoned through pover- 
ty and domestic affliction. Even at a subsequent period, 
when renewed eff'orts, prompted by shame at past failures 

IN West Virginia. 411 

and a sense of duty to the Church, were made to secure what 
was necessarA^ for Bishop Madison's consecration, a sufficien- 
cy, eyen with some foreign aid, was not obtained to pay all 
the necessary expenses of the voyage. The object, however, 
was accomplished, and at the end of almost two hundred 
A ears from the establishment of a most imperfect Church in 
Virginia a Bishop was obtained. But she was too far gone, 
and there v/ere too many opposing difficulties, for her re- 
vival at that time. From the addresses of Bishop Madison 
to the Episcopalians of Virginia, it will be seen that he en- 
tered on his duties with no little zeal and with very just 
views of the kind of men and measures necessary for the 
work of revival. He plainly admits the want of zeal and 
fidelity m many of the ministers as one of the causes of the 
low condition of the Church, and that the contrary quali- 
fications were indispensable to her resuscitation. He made 
an ineffectual effort at bringing back into the bosom of the 
Church the followers of Mr. Wesley, for they had now en- 
tirely separated from her. After a few partial visitations 
of the Diocese, his hopes of the revival of the Church evident- 
ly sunk; and the duties of the College of William and Mary, 
of which he was President, requiring his attention during 
the greater part of the year, at the Convention of 1805 he 
called for a Suffragan or Assistant Bishop. The subject was 
referred to tlu next year's Convention, but no such meeting 
v,-as held, nor was there another until after his death. For 
seven years it seemed as if the worst hopes of her enemies 
and rhe most painful fears of her friends were about to be 
realized in her en^ire destruction. In the General Convention 
of the Church, held in the city of New Haven in 1811, there 
was no representation nor any report whatever from Vir- 
ginia. The following entry ivS found on the journal: — "They 
fear, indeed, thai: the Church in Virginia is from various 
causes so depressed, that there is danger of her total ruin, 
unless great exertions, favored by the blessing of Providence, 
are emi»lo3''ed to raise her." 

My earliest recollections of the Church are derived from 

412 The Episcopal Church 

visits, while yet a child, to the Old Stone Chapel in Fred- 
erick county, (then the back-woods of Virginia,) either on 
horseback, behind my father, or with my mother and the 
children in my grandmother's English chariot, drawn by 
four work-horses in farming-gear, — richer gear having fail- 
ed with failing fortunes. Some of the neighbors went in 
open four-horse plantation-wagons, very different from the 
vehicles to which they had been accustomed in Lower Vir- 
ginia, whence they emigrated.' My father took an active 
part in the erection of this house, which was about seven 
miles distant from his residence. It was here that I offi- 
ciated during the first twenty-five years of my ministry. The 
congregation, which now worships in a larger one four miles 
off, makes a kind of pilgrimage to it on one Sabbath each 
summer. It is still used for services in behalf of colored 
persons, and on funeral occasions. Near it lies the parish 
burying-ground, where many dear friends and relatives are 
interred, and where I hope to find a grave. The Rev. Alex- 
ander Balmaine, a chaplain in the United States Army dur- 
ing the War of the Revolution, and who was married to a 
relative of Mr. Madison, one of the Presidents of our coun- 
try, was the minister of it for more than thirty years, dur- 
ing the last ten or twelve of which I was associated with 
him. He lived in Winchester, and preached alternately 
there, in a stone church of about the same size, and at the 

There was a small wooden church very near the chapel, 
which was built before the war, and in which the Rev. Mr. 
Thruston officiated. The Baptists were, in his day, establishing 
themselves in this part of the Valley of Virginia. With 
them, it is said, he had much and sharp controversy. On 
the declaration of war he laid aside the ministry and en- 
tered the army, attaining before the close of it to the rank 
of Colonel, by which title he was known to the end of his 
days. About twelve miles from my father's, in a direction 
opposite to the chapel, there was another small log church, 
in which the Rev. Mr. Mughlenburg, afterwards General 

IN West Virginia. 413 

Mugblenburg, occasionally officiated. He was the minister 
of the adjoining parish in Shenandoah county, and lived at 
Woodstock. He also exchanged the clerical for the military 
profession and rose to the rank of General. Tradition says 
that his last sermon was preached in military dress, a gown 
being thrown over it, and that he either chose for his text 
or introduced into bis sermon the words of Ecclesiastes, "To 
every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose 
under the heaven," — "a time of war and a time of peace," 
and that, the sermon being over, he laid aside the gown and 
walked forth the soldier in dress and office. He was es- 
teemed a very upright and patriotic man. I have often in 
my younger days, and indeed after my entrance upon the min- 
istry, seen a poor old lady at the chapel in Frederick, who 
sat under his minstry and still lived near his log church. 
Being twenty miles off from the chapel, she would come on 
horseback either to Winchester or to the house of my elder 
sister over night. Her visits were generally on communion- 
days, and she always partook of it fasting. She spoke well 
of her }nimster as one who was faithful to his duty, for he 
rode twenty miles to preach to a few poor people in one of 
the poorest parts of the country. My next recollections of the 
Church are in the person of my teacher, who was educated 
in General Washington's Free School in Alexandria, and 
afterward on account of his promising talents sent to W^il- 
liam and Mary College. At the end of his literary course he 
was admitted to Deacons' orders by Bishop Madison. A 
year or tw^o after this he became teacher to the children of 
those few families who composed almost the whole of the 
chapel congregation. He was faithful as a classical teacher, 
heard us our catechism once a week, and for some time open- 
ed the school with prayer. He officiated also for a period 
at the chapel on those Sundays which Mr. Balmaine gave 
to Winchester; but, his habits becoming bad, he ceased ever 
after to exercise the ministerial office, being fully conscious 
that he had mistaken his calling. He left no posterity to be 

414 The Episcopal Church 

wounded by this statement, or I should have forborne to 
make it.* . 

During this period of my life I had no other means of gain- 
ing a knowledge of the Church and her clergy than from my 
parents at home. When there was no service at the chapel 
or we were prevented from going, my father read the ser- 
vices and a sermon; and whenever a death occurred among 
the servants he performed the burial service himself, and 
read Blair's S^ermon on Death the following Sunday. Of 
the character and conduct of the old clergy generally I have 
often heard them speak in terms of strong condemnation. 
My father, when a young man, was a vestryman in Prince 
George county, Virginia, but resigned his place rather than 
consent to retain an unworthy clergyman in the parish. Of 
two clergymen, however, in King George county, — the Stew- 
arts, — I have heard my mother, who lived for some time un- 
der the ministry of one of them, speak in terms of high com- 
mendation, as exceptions to the general rule. At the age 
of seventeen I was sent to Princeton College, where, of 
course, I had no opportunities of acquiring any knowledge 
of the Church, as it had no existence there at that time, 
though it was while there that I formed the determination, 
at the instance of my mother and elder sister, to enter the 

♦Although there was no such thing as family pi'ayers at that day, yet was 
the Catechism taught in many families of the Church; pincushions to the 
girls and trap-balls to the hoys were sometimes given, in the parish of Fred- 
erick, by the wife of the old parish clerk, as a reward for accuracy in say- 
ing it to the minister. My mother also (as was the case with many others) 
made her children get and repeat some of the hymns of the Prayer Book, 
especially Bishop Ken's, for morning and evening, and repeat some short 
prayers at her bedside. In my father-in-law's family (Mr. Philip Nelson, who 
has often been seen in our State and General Conventions) the practice of 
reading the Psalms, as awanged in the Prayer Book, was regularly practiced 
each day by the females, so that my wife, at our marriage, could repeat nearly 
the whole book of Psalms. Her father used to hear his children the Cate- 
chism every Sunday morning before breakfast; and on the one after our mar- 
riage she took her accustomed place at the head of six or eight children, and 
performed her part. She was then eighteen years of age. It was doubtless 
the practice of repeating the Catechism, reading the Psalms and other Scrip- 
tures daily, and using the morning service on Sundays when there was no 
public worship, which kept alive the knowledge of, and attachment to, the 
Church in many families which might otherwise have been lost to it. Such 
families were found to be most effective auxiliaries in its resuscitation. 

IN West Virginia. 415 

Episcopal ministry, as they perceived from my letters the 
serious turn of my mind. I ought to have stated above that 
my confirmation took place at a very early period, during 
the first and only visit of Bishop Madison to this part of 
Virginia. I have but an indistinct recollection of his hav- 
ing heard some of us the Catechism at church, and, as I 
suppose, laying his hands upon us in confirmation after- 
ward, perceiving that we said our Catechism well. But as 
to both of them, especially the latter, I have relied more 
on the testimony of older persons than on my own certain 
remembrarrce. At the age of nineteen or a few months 
sooner my college course was over. Through my beloved 
relative and faithful friend, Mrs. Custis of Arlington, I heard 
of the great worth of the Kev. Walter Addison, of Maryland, 
and determined to prepare for the ministry at his house and 
under his direction. In him I became acquainted with one 
of the best men and saw one of the purest specimens of 
the ministerial character. Mr. Addison was of English par- 
entage, and born to large landed possessions on the Mary- 
land side of the Potomac opposite to Alexandria. He also 
inherited a number of servants, whom he emancipated. 
Through mismanagement his other property wasted away. 
But the Cod whom he served never permitted him to want, 
though he was allowed to end his days in poverty. It re- 
quired but little to serve him, for he was a man of content 
and self-denial. At a time when wine, whiskey, rum, and 
brandy were so commonly and freely drunken by all, espec- 
ially by many of the clergy of Virginia and Maryland, he 
made a rule never to drink more than one small glass of 
very weak toddy at dinner, but this was equal to total ab- 
stinence now. Wine he had none. He was faithful and bold 
in reproving vice from the pulpit and elsewhere, though one 
of the meekest of men. He told me of some mistakes into 
which he ran in his earlier days. He was probably one of 
the first of the Episcopal clergy in the United States who 
denounced what are called fashionable amusements. Some 
years before my acquaintance with him he published a small 

416 The Episcopal Chukch 

volume against balls, theaters, gambling, and horse-racing, 
adducing some high authorities from the Church of England. 
His opposition to duelling and the means he adopted to pre- 
vent it made him for a number of years very notorious 
among the members of our American Congress. Being pas- 
tor of the church in Georgetown, though still living in the 
country at the time, he had the opportunity of exerting him- 
self in the prevention of duels on several occasions. He has 
often detailed to me the circumstances attending those ef- 
forts, — namely, his clothing himself with a civil office, in 
order the more effectually to arrest the duellists in their 
attempts to find some favorable place for the combat, his 
interview with Mr. Jefferson, when he had reason to believe 
that one of the parties was in the President's house, his 
pursuit after them on horseback, his overtaking them just 
as the seconds were measuring the ground, their threaten- 
ing to bind him to a tree in the Arlington forest if he did 
not desist from pursuit. These and such like things have 
I heard from his truthful lips. At the time of the threaten- 
ed encounter between Mr. John Randolph and Mr. Eppes, 
he was fully prepared to prevent it, and if necessary deposit 
one or both of them in a place of confinement. Mr. Ran- 
dolph was then an attendant at his church in Georgetown, 
Eleven o'clock on Sunday morning was selected for the com- 
bat, in order, as was believed, to evade Mr. Addison's vig- 
ilance, as it was supposed he would then be at his post of 
duty in the house of God. But he believed that his post of 
duty on that day was elsewhere, and did not hesitate about 
disappointing the congregation. For some time preceding 
the appointed hour he was secreted near the hotel where 
Mr. Randolph boarded, ready to arrest him should he leave 
the house. But an adjustment of the difference took place 
about that time. Mr. Stanford, a worthy member from 
Xorth Carolina, the steady and judicious friend of Randolph, 
was doubtless engaged in the adjustment. At any rate, 
he knew what was going on and when the pacification was 
effected. He knew also where Mr. Addison was and what 

IN West Virginia. 417 

lie was prepared to do. He it was who iuformed Mr. Addi- 
son that he might go with a quiet couscdenee to his Sabbath 
duties, as the difficulty was settled. This 1 had from the 
lips of Mr. Stanford himself, with whom I had the pleasure 
to be intimately acquainted for many years. Mr. Addison 
was equally opposed to strife in the Christian Church. Al- 
though he was a true lover of our own and most passionately 
devoted to her services, yet he was no bigot, but embraced 
all Christians and Churches in the arms of his wide-extend- 
ed charity. The unchurching doctrine he utterly rejected. 
Just before I lived with him an Episcopal paper was com- 
menced in the North in which that position was taken. He 
either subscribed to it, or it was sent to him; but, on find- 
ing that it declared all other minstries invalid and all other 
ehurches out of the covenant, he returned the paper or de- 
elined to receive it any longer. He loved to see sinners con- 
verted, by whatsoever instruments God might employ. There 
was a certain place in the corner of his large country par- 
ish where neither he nor any other Episcopal minister had 
been able to make any impression. Some Methodists being 
there and desiring to build a church, he bid them God-speed 
and furnished some pecuniary or other assistance, hoping 
that they might do what he had not been able to do. Such 
was the man of God with whom it was my privilege to 
spend some happy and I hope not unprofitable months, the 
period of my stay being abridged by a weakness in the eyes, 
which altogether prevented study. He lived to a good old 
age, loving all men and beloved by all who knew him. Many 
of his last years were spent in darkness, but not of the soul. 
His eyes became dim, until at length all was night to him. 
But while only a glimmering of light remained, he rejoiced 
and thanked God for it far more than those do who enjoy 
a perfect vision. And when all was gone, he was still the 
happiest and most grateful of all the happy and grateful 
ones whom I have ever seen or known. In my visits to the 
district afterwards, I ever felt it to be my sacred duty, as it 
was my high happiness, to enter his humble dwelling. But 

418 The Epjscopal Church 

this was never done without bursts of feelings and of tears 
on both sides. 

As I am engaged in presenting my recollections of the state 
of things in the Church of Virginia, I think this a proper 
time for some notice of the character of the sermons which 
were preached and the books which were read among the 
Episcopalians of Virginia. This was the period when the 
poet Cowper upbraided the clergy of the English Church 
with substituting morality for religion, saying, — 

"How oft, when Paul had served us with a text, 
• Has Plato, Tully, Epietetus preached!" 

In the Church of Virginia, with the exception of Mr. Jar- 
ret t and perhaps a few others, I fear the preaching had for 
a long time been almost entirely of the moral kind. The 
books most in use were Blair's Sermons, Sterne's Works, 
The Spectator, The Whole Duty of Man, sometimes Tillot- 
son's Sermons, which last were of the highest grade of worth 
then in use. But Blair's sermons, on account of their ele- 
gant style and great moderation in all things, were most 
popular. I remember that when either of my sisters would 
be at all rade or noisy, my mother would threaten them with 
Blair's Sermon on Gentleness. 

It is no wonder that the churches were deserted and the 
meeting-houses filled. But the time had come, both in the 
English and American Church, for a blessed change. There 
is something interesting in the history of one of the ways 
in which it was introduced into the Church of Virginia. The 
family of Bishop Porteus was Virginian — of Gloucester coun- 
ty — opposite old Yorktown, the residence of General Nelson. 
It is not certain but that Bishop Porteus himself was born 
in Virginia and carried over when a child to England with 
his emigrating parents. Porteus became a tutor in the Eton 
school, and when General Nelson was sent to England for 
his education his father placed him under the care of Mr. 
Porteus. When Porteus was elevated to the rank of a Bishop 
he did not forget his former pupil and family, but sent them 

IN West Virginia. 419 

his first work, a volume of sermons, which were a great im- 
provement on the sermons of that day. When Mr. Wilber- 
force, with whom he was intimate, published his celebrated 
evangelical work, "Practical View of Christianity," this was 
also sent, and afterward I believe the Bishop's Lectures on 
the Gospel of St. Matthew, which were an improvement on 
his sermons. A beginning of more evangelical views of 
Christian doctrine was thus made in one of the best and most 
influential families of Virginia. 

I am now brought to the period of my ordination, which 
introduced me to some things, in relation to the Church of 
Virginia, not without a painful interest to the lovers of true 
religion. But, before speaking of some circumstances at- 
tendant on my ordination, it may be well to allude to a cor- 
respondence between Bishop Madison and myself, some 
months before that event. It is the more proper so to do 
as it will serve to correct some misunderstandings which 
have "gone abroad with respect to us both, and which have 
had a bearing on the reputation of the Virginia Churchman- 
ship of that day. Passing through Philadelphia a year or 
more before my ordination, and staying at the house of an 
Episcopal clergyman, I heard some severe strictures on one 
or more of the ministers of our Church, in some other dio- 
cese or dioceses, for violating the rubrics of the Prayer Book 
by abridging the service. It was designated by no slighter 
term than perjury, in the violation of solemn ordination 
vows. I learned afterward that such charges were made 
elsewhere. In examining the Canons of the Church I also 
found one which seemed positively to forbid, under any cir- 
cumstances, the admission into an Episcopal pulpit of any 
minister not Episcopally ordained. I was aware that it 
was impossible to use the whole service in very many of 
the places where I might be called to officiate, and well knew 
that ministers of other denominations preached in many of 
our old Episcopal churches, and, indeed, that it was question- 

420 The Episcopal Church 

ed whether under the law our ministers had the exclusive 
right to them. I also saw that there was a canon forbidding 
servile labor to the clergy, while from necessity — ^for the 
support of a young family— I was then taking part in the 
labors of the field, which in Virginia was emphatically servile 
lahoio: Wishing to enter the ministry with a good conscience 
and correct understanding of my ordination vows, I wrote 
a letter of inquiry to Bishop Madison on these several points. 
To this I received a very sensible reply, nearly all of which, 
I think, the House of Bishops and the Church generally 
would now endorse, though there would have been some de- 
murring in former times. On the occasion of my consecra- 
tion to the office of Bisliop it was objected by some that 
Bishop Madison had ordained me with a dispensation from 
cano)iieal obedience Having his letter with me, — which 
the reader may see — the objection was not urged."' 

♦Dear Sir:— I received your letter bj' Mr. Bracken, and approve of your 
conscientious inquiries respecting certain obligations imposed by the Canons. 
You kuoTT that every society must have general rules, as the guides of con- 
duct for its members; but I believe the Episcopal Church is as liberal in 
that respect as any other religious society, whatever. The subscription re- 
quired of the candidate is, that he will conform to the discipline and worship 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States. At the time of or- 
dination he promises to conform to the Canons. With respect to the Book 
of Common Prayer, an adherence is required, wherever the situation of the 
Church will permit; it happens, however, too often that the minister must 
be left to his own discretion, particularly on occasions when it may be nec- 
essary to abridge the services, or when there maj' be no Clerk, &c. No oath 
is administered or required, and that adherence to the book only is expected 
which may tend to further religion and good order in a religious society; for 
there can be no doubt of the superiority of forms of prayer for public worship. 
Before sermon many ministers. I believe, prefer a prayer of their own, and 
if it be well conceived I suppose no objection would be made. His private 
prayer, may certainly be determined by himself. With respect to the use of 
our Church by other Societies, the general iiile is often dispensed with, espec- 
ially if the party wishing the use will assist in the preservation of the build- 
ing, or if the preacher be of known respectable character. Too often, in- 
deed, our Churches are now used entirely by other sects. The Canon could 
never intend that a minister should be prevented from following any occu- 
pation which was creditable. Hence the practice of physic, &c., is not deemed 
inconsistent with the ministerial profession, nor, I conceive, any other business 
which is free from a kind of public odinm. It would be unfit for a minister 
to keep a tavern or grogshop, &e., but certainly not to follow any occupa- 
tion where good may result both to the community and to the individual. 
The honest discharge of clerical duties, with a life preaching by example, are, 
in reality, the principal requisites; when these are manifested, and the piety 

IN West Virginia. 421 

In the month of February, jLSll, I proceeded on horseback 
to Williamsburg, about two hundred miles, and on Sunday, 
the 24th, — a clear, cold morning, — was ordained. My exam- 
ination took place at the Bishop's, before breakfast, — Dr. 
Bracken and himself conducting it. It was very brief. 

On our way to the old church the Bishop and myself met 
a number of students with guns on their shoulders and dogs 
at their sides, attracted by the frosty morning, which was 
favourable to the chase; and at the same time one of the 
citizens was filling his ice-house. On arriving at the church 
we found it in a wretched condition, with broken windows 
and a gloomy, comfortless aspect. The congregation which 
assembled consisted of two ladies and about fifteen gentle- 
men, nearly all of whom were relatives or acquaintances. 
The morning service being over, the ordination and commun- 
ion were administered, and then I was put into the pulpit 
to preach, there being no ordination sermon. The religious 
condition of the College and of the place may easily and just- 
ly be inferred from the above. I was informed that not long 
before this two questions were discussed in a literary society 
of the College: — First, Whether there be a God? Secondly, 
W^hether the Christian religion had been injurious or bene- 
ficial to mankind? Infidelity, indeed, was then rife in the 
State, and the College of William and Mary was regarded 
as the hotbed of French politics and religion. I can truly 
say, that then, and for some years after, in every educated 
young man of Virginia whom I met, I expected to find a skep- 

and good behavior of the minister canuct be questioued, he need not appre- 
hend the rigor of Canons, or any other spiritual authority. 
I am, sir, yours very respectfully, 
October 10, 1810. J. MADISON. 

Remarks. Some years after my entrance on the ministry, I was convers- 
ing on the subject of dispensing with the regular service in preaching to 
the servants in their quarters, with one of our most eminent ministers, when 
he maintained, and I doubt not, most conscientiously, that I had no right 
to open my lips in preaching to them, without lirst using the service accord- 
ing to the rubric. A very great change has recently come over the minds 
of many of our clergy on this subject, judging from some things seen in our 
religions papers, in which more latitudinarian views are taken than I ever 
remember to have heard of formerly. 

422 The Episcopal Church 

lie, if not an avowed unbeliever. I left Williamsburg, as may 
Veil be imagined, with sad feelings of discouragement. My 
next Sabbath was spent in Richmond, where the condition 
of things was little better. Although there was a church in 
the older part of the town, it was never used but on com- 
munion-days. The place of worship was an apartment in the 
Capitol, which held a few hundred persons at most, and as 
the Presbyterians had no church at all in Richmond at that 
time, the use of the room was divided between them and the 
Episcopalians, each having service every other Sabbath 
morning, and no oftener. Even two years after this, being 
in Richmond on a communion-Sunday, I assisted the Rector, 
Dr. Buchanan, in the old Church, when only two gentlemen 
and a few ladies communed. One of these gentlemen, the 
elder son of Judge Marshall, was a resident in the upper 

Before proceeding further in the narrative of such circum- 
stances as may tend to throw light on the condition of the 
Church in Virginia, I will, at the risk of being charged with 
even more of egotism than has already been displayed, make 
a few remarks, which, I think, are necessary to a right under- 
standing of the whole subject I have taken in hand. So low 
and hopeless was the state of the Church at this time — the 
time of my ordination — but a few of the old clergy even at- 
tempting to carry on the work — only one person for a long 
time liaA'ing been ordained by Bishop Madison, and he from 
&. distance, and a most unworthy one — it created surprise, 
and was a matter of much conversation, when it was under- 
stood that a young Virginian had entered the ministry of 
the Episcopal Church. Even some years after this, when 
I applied to Judge Marshall for a subscription to our The- 
ological Seminary, though he gave with his accustomed lib- 
«rality, he could not refrain from saying, that it was a hope- 
less undertaking, and that it was almost unkind to induce 
young Virginians to enter the Episcopal ministry, the 
Church being too far gone ever to be revived. Such was the 
general impression among friends and foes. I had, however, 

IN West Virginia. 423 

throughout the Srate many most respectable and influential 
relatives, some still rich, others of fallen fortunes, both on 
my father's and mother's side, who were still attached to 
the Church. My parents, too, were very popular persons, 
and had many friends and acquaintances throughout Vir- 
ginia, who still lingered around the old Church. These 
things caused my ordination to excite a greater interest, and 
created a partiality in behalf of my future ministry. But 
still there were many who thought it so strange a proceed- 
ing, that they were ready to accept, as a probable mode of 
accounting for it, an opinion expressed by one or more and 
soon put in circulation, that there was something unsound 
in mind or eccentric in character, at any rate a want of good 
common sense, or I could not make such a mistake as to at- 
tach myself to the fallen and desperate fortunes of the old 
Church. Some strange speeches of this kind were made. 
Xor were they or their effects confined to Virginia, or to 
that time. I am not sure that their influence has ceased to 
the present day. One good, however, resulted from them, 
aiamely, that certain views of religion and certain modes of 
life adopted by me and contrary to what were supposed to 
be the doctrines of the Episcopal Church — certainly, con- 
trary to the sentiments and practice of the people — were as- 
cribed to this natural defect, and kindly dealt with, instead 
of awakening hostility which, under other circumstances, 
might have been exhibited. Certain it is that my ministry, 
from the first, was received with favour which neither my 
imperfect theological education nor my most unfinished ser- 
mons nor any thing else about me were entitled to. Under 
such favour, 1 commenced my ministry in the spring of 1811, 
in Frederick county, as assistant to Mr. Balmaine. in the 
two congregations belonging to his charge, w^hile living and 
labouring on a small farm, and having no design or wish to 
go elsewhere. But in the fall of that year, I consented to 
the very urgent solicitations of the vestry of old Christ 

424 The Episcopal Church 

Church, Alexandria, to take charge of it, with the privilege 
of spending a portion of the year in Frederick and not entire- 
ly relinquishing my engagements there. 

After three unworthy ministers, the next in order of 
time past was the good Dr. Griffith of whom I have already 
spoken, as the first Bishop-elect of Virginia, but who was 
prevented by poverty from going to England for consecra- 
tion. His predecessor was Lord Bryan Fairfax, of whom I 
have something to say in another place. He was a pure 
and conscientious man, the friend and neighbour of General 
Washington, and a true Englishman. He attempted, in a 
series of private letters, which one of his children showed 
me and which have since been published, to dissuade 
Washing-ton from engaging in or pursuing the war. Gen- 
eral Washington dealt very tenderly with him in his replies,, 
knowing how conscientious he was, and being much attach- 
ed to him and the elder Lord Fairfax with whom he had lived. 
There was associated with Mr. Fairfax the Rev. Mr. Page^ 
who afterward moved to Shepherdstown, and of whom I 
have heard that venerable old lady, Mrs. Shepherd, speak 
in the highest terms as an evangelical man of the school of 

A few remarks on my ministry during the two years of 
its exercise in Alexandria may serve to cast some light on 
the progress of the Church in Virginia from that time. 1st. 
The old A^irginia custom of private baptisms, christening- 
cake, and merriment, had prevailed in Alexandria. The 
ground, however, was now taken that the rubric was entirely 
opposed to this and that the whole meaning and design of the 
sacred rite forbade it and that it could not be continued. 
There were demurrings and refusals for a time, but a little 
decision v/ith kind persuasion completely triumphed, as they 
did afterward at a later period both in Norfolk and Peters- 
burg, where private baptisms were juade to give place to 
public ones, when I had the temporary charge of these two 
congregations, peculiar circumstances inducing me to un- 

IN West Virginia. 425 

dertake it. 2dly. The Gospel, it is to be feared, had not 
been clearly preached in times past. It was now attempted; 
and, though most imperfectly done as to style and manner, 
God's blessing was granted. The services were well attend- 
ed. Many were added to the Church of such as gave good 
proof afterward that they would be of those who should be 
saved. A goodly number of the members of Congress often 
came down on Sunday morning to attend the church, among 
whom were Mr. John Kandolph and Dr. Milnor, with both 
of whom I became then and thus acquainted. In the mind 
of the latter there was at that time going on the great 
change v.hose abundant fruits have so blessed mankind. 3d. 
It Avas during my stay in Alexandria that I procured from 
the library of Mr. Custis, of Arlington, the folio edition of 
Bishop Wilson's works, which had been presented to General 
Washington by the son of Bishop Wilson, and which works 
had been recommended to me by Bishop Madison. By the 
help of Mr. Edward McGuire, who, for more than forty-two 
years, has been the faithful and successful minister of the 
Church in Fredericksburg, and who was then preparing for 
the ministry with me, I selected from the various parts of 
that large book, a small volume of private and family prayers, 
which have gone through three editions, and which, being 
freely circulated among the families of Virginia, contributed 
greatly to introduce what was indeed a novelty in that day 
— the practice of family worship.* It was during my short 
stay in Alexandria the Kev. William Wilmer .issumed 

* Many of the sentences or petitions, making up these family devotions, are tal^en 
from short prayers found either before or after the printed sermons of Bishop Wil- 
son, and no doubt were used by him in the pulpit. They were evidently adapted 
to sermons. Such we know to have been the ease with many If not all of the 
English clergy, for a long time. Specimens of the same may be seen in connection 
with a few of the homilies. Such is the practice of some of the English clergy to 
this day, as I know from having heard them while on a visit to England a few 
years since. It is well known that Bishop White did at one time, after the exam- 
ple of English Bishops and clergy, prepare and use such prayers after his sermons. 
Some of the Virginia clergy have done the same occasionally, and for it they have 
been denounced as transgressors of the law. and no Churchmen. I sincerely wish 
that so good a practice were generally adopted and that ministers would care- 
uUy prepare, either in writing or otherwise, a prayer suitable to the sermon. The 
collects might sometimes be found admirably adapted, hut not always. 

426 The Episcopal Church 

the charge of St. Paul's congregation, and at the close of 
my ministry there that the Bey. Oliver Norris took charge 
of Christ Church. These beloved brothers, coming from 
Maryland with those views of the Gospel and the Church 
which the evangelical clergy and laity of England were then 
so zealously and successfully propagating there, contributed 
most elfectually to the promotion of the same in Virginia, 
and to them is justly due much of the subsequent character 
and success of the Church in Virginia, as is well known to 
all of their day. I cannot take leave of Alexandria without 
referring to my admission to priests' orders, which took place 
there a year or two after this, and which were conferred on 
me by Bishop Clagget, of Maryland, our faithful brother the 
Hev. Simon Wilmer preaching on the occasion. Bishop Clag- 
get, so far as I know and believe, entertained sound views 
of the Gospel and was a truly pious man. There was much 
of the Englishman about him, I presume, from his wearing 
the mitre, and his mode of examining me, that conforming 
so much to the character of the English University exam- 
inations.* Beside a number of hard questions in the meta- 
physics of divinity, which I was by no means well prepared 
to answer, but which he kindly answered for me, he re- 
quested that I would, in compliance with an old English 
canon, which had been, I think, incorporated somewhere' into 
our requisitions, give him an account of my faith in the Latin 
tongue. Although I was pretty well versed in the Latin 
language, j^et, being unused to speak it, I begged him to ex- 
cuse me. He then said I could take pen and paper and write 
it down in his presence; but he was kind enough to ex- 

• * A .singular circumstance occurred about this time in connection with Bishop 
Claggett's consecration of old St. Paul's Church, Alexandria. Putting on hie robes 
and his mitre at some distance from the Church, he had to go along the street to 
reach it. This attracted the attention of a number of boys and others, who ran 
after and alongside of him, admiring his peculiar dress and gigantic stature. His 
voice was as extraordinary for strength and ungovernableness as was his stature 
for size, and as he entered tbe door of the church where the iieople were in silence 
awaiting, and the first words of the service buret forth from his lips in his most 
peculiar manner, a young lady, turning around suddenly and seeing his huge form 
and uncommon appearance, was so convulsed that she was obliged to be taken out 
of the house. 

IN West Virginia. 427 

cuse from that also, and determined to ordain me with all 
my deficiencies, very much as some other bishops do in this 

On leaving Alexandria 1 returned to my little farm in 
Frederick and to the tending, in conjunction with Mr. Bal- 
maine, of the two small flocks at the chapel and in Winches- 
ter. During all the time of that joint rectorship I bestowed 
a considerable portion of my labours on five or six counties 
around, which were either destitute of ministers or very 
partially served. The continual presence ol Mr. Balmaine 
in Winchesfter, and the lay-reading of my excellent father- 
in-lav/, Mr. Philip Nelson, at the chapel, enabled me to do 
this. In my absence from the chapel, the excellent sermons 
of Gisborne and Bradley and Jarrett were delivered by one 
of the best of readers, from its pulpit. I was happy to be 
able, during my visit to England some years since, to com- 
municate to the two former the fact that they had thus, with- 
out knowing it, preached so often and so acceptably in my 
pulpit in America. Such was the scarcity of ministers and 
churches around, that my chapel services were attended by 
families living at the distance of twelve and fifteen miles. 
There are now seven churches, with regular services by six 
ministers, within that district to which 1 was a debtor for 
all pulpit and parochial ministration. My connection with 
Mr. Balmaine was most pleasant and harmonious. He was 
one of the most simple and single-hearted of men. Himself 
and his excellent partner were the friends of the poor, and 
indeed of all, and were beloved by all who knew them. They 
liad no children, and having some property, as well as a few 
hundred dollars rent for the glebe, might have lived in a 
little st^ie and self-indulgence, but they were economical and 
self-denying in all things, that they might have something 
for the poor and for the promotion of pious objects. They 
did not even keep fire in their chamber during the coldest 
weather of winter. They had one family of servants, who 
were to them as children. As children they inherited, and 
«ome still live in, the old mansion. 

428 The Episcopal Church 

Some of the most eloquent extempore effusions I ever 
heard were from his lips, while standing in the chancel on 
sacramental occasions, when he referred with tears to past 
errors and sought to make amends, by thus testifying to 
evangelical doctrine and holy living. In the spring of 1812,^ 
Bishop Madison died. And as Dr. Buchannon, of Richmona, 
was the Seci^etary to the last Convention, which was held 
seven years before, Dr. Wilmer and myself united in a request 
that he would call a special one in May. At that Convention 
fourteen clergymen and fourteen laymen assembled. It re- 
sulted in the election of Dr. Bracken as successor to Bishop 
Madison; not, however, without opposition by some among 
us. Another Convention was held in the following spring, 
at which only seven clergymen attended. To that Conven- 
tion Dr. Bracken sent in his resignation. Our deliberations 
were conducted in one of the committee-rooms of the Capi- 
tol, sitting around a table. There was nothing to encourage 
us to meet again, and but for that which I shall soon mention, 
I believe such profitless and discouraging efforts would soon 
have ceased. I well remember, that having just read Scott's 
''Lay of the Last Minstrel," as I took my solitary way home- 
ward on horseback, I found myself continually saying, in re- 
lation to the Church of Virginia, in the words of the elvish 
page, "Lost — lost — lost;'' and never expected to cross the 
mountains again on such an errand. But in the course of 
that year, or in the early part of the following, it was sug- 
gested to Messrs. Wilmer and Norris, that the Rev. Dr. 
Moore, of New York, was the man to raise up the Church in 
Virginia. Mr. D. had become acquainted with Dr. Moore 
at a recent General Convention, heard him eloquently advo- 
cate the introduction of more hymns into the Prayer Book, 
and preach the Gospel with zeal and power in several large 
churches. Dr. Wilmer and myself entered into a correspond- 
ence with Dr. Moore, which lead to his election at the next 
Convention. Some objections, however, were privately made 
to Dr. Moore. It was said that Bishop Hobart had com- 
plaints against him for some irregularities in carrying on 

IN West Virginia. 429 

the woi'k of the ministry, and that he was somewhat Meth- 
odistical. It so happened, however, that Bishop Hobart had 
written a most favourable letter concerning Dr. Moore to 
some one present, which being shown, all opposition was 
silenced and he was unanimously elected as Bishop of the 
Diocese, and immediately after, or perhaps before, as Rector 
of the Monumental Church, which had been reared on the 
ruins of the Richmond Theatre. Bishop Moore was conse- 
crated in May of 1814, and entered on his duties in the sum- 
mer of that year. Our organization was now complete, but 
on a diminutive scale. Besides the few older clergy, who 
had almost given up in despair, there were only the Rev. 
Messrs. Wilraer and Norris, in Alexandria, the Rev. Mr. Lem- 
mon, who had just come to Fauquier, Mr. Edward McGuire, 
acting as lay-reader in Fredericksburg, (preferred by the peo- 
ple in that capacity to another importation from abroad,) 
and the one who makes this record. But from this time forth 
a favorable change commenced. Hope sprung up in the bo- 
soms of many hitherto desponding. Bishop Moore had some 
fine qualifications for the work of revival. His venerable 
form, his melodious voice, his popular preaching, his evan- 
gelical doctrine, his amiable disposition, his fund of anec- 
dote in private, and his love for the Church, all contributed 
to make him popular and successful, so far as he was able 
to visit and put forth elfort. His parochial engagements 
and bodily infirmities prevented his visiting many parts of 
the Diocese. He never crossed the Allegheny Mountains, 
although he sometimes visited North Carolina, which then 
had no Bishop. In the spring of 1815, the first Convention 
under his Episcopate assembled in Richmond. It must be 
evident to all, from the account given of the past history of 
the Church in Virginia, that much prejudice must have exist- 
ed against it, and that the reputation of both clergy and peo- 
ple for true piety must have been low, and that it w^as most 
proper to take some early occasion of setting forth the prin- 
ciples on which it was proposed to attempt its resuscitation. 
The last Convention, which was held under Bishop Madison, 

430 The Episcopal Church 

and which was followed by an intermission of seven years, 
had prepared the way for this, by declaring the necessity of 
a reform in the manners of both clergy and laity and by 
establishing rules for the trial of both. Wherefore, among 
the first things which engaged the consideration of the Con- 
A'ention of 1815, was the establishing a code of discipline. 
The Diocese of Maryland,, from which two of our brethren, 
the Rev. Messrs. Wilmer and Norris, came, had already been 
engaged in the same work, and we did little else than copy 
the regulations there adoi^ted. 

But the opposition indeed was such at this and the ensuing 
Convention, that we had to content ourselves with renewing 
the general resolutions of the Convention of 1805, under 
Bishop Madison. In two years after this, however, in the 
Convention held in Winchester, when the number of the 
clergy and the piety of the laymen had increased, the subject 
was again brought up, and the condemnation of those things 
which brought reproach on the Church was extended to the- 
atres, horse-racing and public balls, by an overwhelming ma- 
jority. The same has been renewed and enforced at a more 
recent one. The Church now began to move on with more 
rapid strides. In looking over the list of the clergy who were 
added to our ranks in the few following years we see the 
names of such men as Hawley, Ilorrell, the two Aliens, the 
Lowes, Kavenscroft, Smith, now Bishop of Kentucky, Wing- 
field, the elder Armstrong, of Wheeling; Charles Page, Keith, 
Lippett Alexander Jones, Cobbs, George Smith, William Lee, 
' John Grammar, J. P. McGuire, Brooke, the Jacksons and 
others. The itinerant labours of some of them deserve spec- 
ial notice. Benjamin Allen's labours in the Valley of Vir- 
ginia ; Charles Page's in the counties of Amherst, Nelson, &c. ; 
Mr. Cobb's in Bedford and the counties round about; William 
Lee's in Amelia, Goochland, Powhatan and others; Mr. Gram- 
mer's in Dinwiddle, Brunswick, Greenville, Surry and Prince 
George, and J. P. McGuire's between the Rappahannock and 
James Rivers, were such as few professedly itinerant preach- 
ers ever surpass. Without such self-denying labours, the 


IN West Virginia. 431 

Church could never have been revived in these places. The 
faithful and zealous men, Avhoin I have enumerated above, 
were accompanied and have been followed by other faithful 
ones, too numerous to mention. 

Theological Seminary. 

It is time that I should now advert to the origin and prog- 
ress of one great instrument of the Church's prosperity in 
Virginia — the Theological Seminary at Alexandria. As 
Bishop Moore was about leaving New York for Virginia, in 
the summer of 1814, Dr. Augustine Smith, a native of Vir- 
ginia, who had been for some years Professor in a Medical 
School in New York and who was then about to take charge 
of William and Mary College, met him in the street and pro- 
posed that the Church in Virginia should establish a Theo- 
logical Professorship in Williamsburg, and thus make the- 
College, what its royal patrons designed, a School of the 
Prophets. Bishop Moore encouraged the proposal, and a 
deputation of one of the Professors was sent to the Conven- 
tion of 1815 for the purpose of promoting the plan. The Con- 
vention approved it, and the Kev. Dr. Keith became the min- 
ister of the Episcopal congregation in Williamsburg, and was 
prepared to instruct any candidates for the ministry who 
might be sent there. During a stay of two years only one 
presented himself. On various accounts Williamsburg was 
found to be an unsuitable place. The Convention of Virginia 
had appointed Colonel Edward Colston and myself a com- 
mittee to correspond with the Bishop of Maryland and some 
leading laymen in North Carolina, proposing a union with 
Virginia in the establishment and management of the Semi- 
nary at Williamsburg. From North Carolina we received 
no answer. From the Bishop of Maryland* we receiv- 
ed a prompt and decided refusal, accompanied with 
such severe strictures on the religion and morals of Virginia 
that we did not present it to the Convention, but only report- 
ed our failure. Williamsburg especially was objected to on. 

*Biehop Kemp. 

432 The Episcopal Church 

account of its infidelity as altogether unfit to be the seat of 
such an institution. Those of us who were engaged in the re- 
suscitation of the Church were also said to be extravagant in 
some of our notions, as is apt to be the case with those who 
in flying from one extreme rush into the other. There was 
much in the letter but too true of the laity and clergy, both 
of Maryland and Virginia, in that and past days. Having 
failed in our experiment at Williamsburg, we determined to 
make trial of it in Alexandria, by the help of our Education 
Society — Dr. Keith, Dr. Wilmer and Mr. Norris being the 
Professors. The General Theological Seminary was now get- 
ting under way, and its friends were afraid of some interfer- 
ence with its prosperity. The ground was taken that this 
was the institution of the Church, and its claims paramount 
to all others. Most threatening letters were addressed to 
Bishop Moore, calling upon him as a Bishop of the General 
Church, bound to guard its unity, to interpose and prevent 
the establishment of the Seminary at Alexandria. Happily 
for us, Mr. Kohn had bequeathed a large fund for the General 
Seminary in New York, where it was located when the will 
was written; but, meantime, it had been removed to New 
Haven, and it was contended that it could not inherit a legacy 
which was given to an institution in New York. Bishop Ho- 
bart now took the field in favour of Diocesan Seminaries and 
wrote a pamphlet on the subject, claiming the legacy for one 
to be established in New York, under Diocesan rule. A Gen- 
eral Convention was called to settle the question, and it was 
compromised by restoring the General Seminary to New 
York, on certain terms, which, as it was foreseen and predict- 
ed, made it and has continued it, virtually, a New York Semi- 
nary. But we heard no more after that of the schismatical 
character of the Virginia Seminary, nor have we since that 
time heard any other objections of the kind to those estab- 
lished in Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois and Connecticut. Our Sem- 
inary continued for several years in the town of Alexandria, 
until we raised sufficient funds to purchase its present site 




IN West Virginia. 433 

and erect some of its buildings. We are indebted to the zeal 
of Mr. John Nelson, of Mecklenburg, for the first moneys col- 
lected for that purpose. He visited a considerable part of the 
State, and raised a handsome contribution to it. In the year 
1828 I took my turn, and visited a still larger portion of the 
State, realizing a greater amount. Other calls have at suc- 
cessive periods been made, and always with success. An at- 
tempt to raise an Episcopal fund for a time interfered with 
and postponed this, but it was soon evident that this was the 
favourite with the people, and the other was relinquished. 

Clerical Associations. 

Next in the order of time, and agreeably to a recommenda- 
tion in one of the Conventions in Bishop Madison's time, 
comes the establishment of Clerical Associations. The first 
of these was in the Valley of Virginia, consisting of the min- 
isters of Berkeley, Jefferson and Frederick — Dr. Balmaine, 
Rev. Benjamin Allen, Enoch Lowe, Mr. Brian and myself — 
Benjamin Smith, now Bishop Smith, coming among us soon 
after. We assembled quarterly in each other's parishes; 
preaching for several days and nights; having meetings 
among ourselves, and at private houses, for special prayer; 
taking up collections for missionaries to the western part of 
Virginia. The two first who went to Virginia beyond the 
Alleghanies — the Rev. Charles Page and William Lee — were 
sent out by our Society. These Associations were attended 
by much good and no evil, so far as I know and believe. I 
haA^e ever encouraged them since entering the Episcopate, and 
Bishop Moore did the sam.e before and after that time, as be- 
ing most important auxiliaries to the Bishops, especially in 
large dioceses. I regard it as an evil omen, when ministers, 
favourably situated, are averse to such means of their own 
and their people's improvement, though I do not mean to say 
that there are not some good and pious men who regard them 
in a different light. 

434 The Episcopal Church 

Our Conventions Come Next. 

For the first few years alter our reorganization our Con- 
ventions were not only small as to numbers, but sad and 
gloomy in character, attracting no attention. A succession 
of the rainy seasons in May attended them for so many years 
that the two were closely associated in the public mind. For 
some years they were held in Richmond; but the proverbial 
and profuse hospitality of that place was not then generally 
afforded them. For the most part, both clerical and lay dele- 
gates were to be seen only at the taverns, and but few religi- 
ous services were held. The Convention at Fredericksburg — 
the first after the system of rotation commenced — was kindly 
and hospitably entertained, and from that time onward they 
became not only delightful to the clergy and laity composing 
them, but attractive to others. To understand aright the 
history of such large assemblies as our Conventions attract, 
and the reasons which justify our encouragement of them by 
making religious exercises so large a part of their doings, it 
must be stated that not only are the Virginians a people 
given to visiting, but that the Episcopalians are peculiarly so 
by reason of the fact that, for the most part, they have 
sprung from a comparatively few families, who, by marriages 
and intermarriages, though scattered all over the State, make 
up one great family of tenderly-attached relatives, who are 
always pleased at a good excuse, if the ability allows, to as- 
semble together. The bond of Christian fellowship and of 
Church feeling also is very strong, even where the other is 
not, as well as where it is. Hospitality also is a strong prin- 
ciple with them, and it is easier here than in most places to 
throw open the doors and welcome all who will come in on 
such occasions. A more innocent mode — nay, a more religi- 
ous mode — of gratifying the social feeling cannot be than 
that of meeting together at our Conventions; and an impera- 
tive duty rests on the ministers to afford the people the most 
frequent and edifying services in their power, so that they 
may take up the song of God's ancient people, when going by 

IN West Virginia. 435 

Divine command to the great feasts of His own appointment: 

"OhI 'twas a joyful sound to hear 

The tribes devoutly say, 
Up, Israel! to the temple haste, 

And keep the festal day." 

Sometimes they have been most edifying, as vi^ell as joyful 
occasions. The presence of God has been felt. The word 
preached has been attended with great power. Many have 
remembered them as the means of their awakening, and many 
as the channels of more grace to their already converted 
souls. Long may they continue to be thus used. Even if some 
dioceses are so small, or the conveyances so convenient and 
rapid, that a few hours or at most a day can bring them all 
to the place of meeting, and a very short time may suffice for 
legislation and business, let it be remembered how very large 
are the dimensions of the Diocese of Virginia, how difficult 
and tedious the journey of many of its members to the Con- 
vention, and it will be felt and acknowledged that to meet on 
mere .business for a few hours or a day would not be suffi- 
cient to induce and remunerate the attendance of either 
clergy or laity. 

The Requiring of Lay Delegates to be Communicants. 

We have already spoken of the measures adopted for the 
purification of the Church from evil-livers, among both clergy 
and laity, by the passage of wholesome canons. At three suc- 
cessive periods was this done, opposition being made each 
time, and six Conventions in all being in part occupied in the 
discussion and contest. We now refer to the method adopted, 
after a considerable time had elapsed, for the purification 
of our Conventions from unworthy lay delegates, by requir- 
ing that they be in full communion with the Church, and not 
merely baptized members or professed friends, whether bap- 
tized or not. No law, either of the General or State Conven- 
tions, forbade an infidel or the most immoral man from being 
the deputy from a parish in the Diocesan Convention, al- 
though questions might come before them touching the Creed 

436 The Episcopal Church 

and Articles and worship of the Church, or the trial of 
bishops, clergy and laymen. The strange anomaly of persons 
legislating for others and not being themselves subject to 
such legislation was allowed in the Church, when it would 
have been resisted in any and every other society. The con- 
sequence resulted, that, although there was a great improve- 
ment in the general character of the Church and the respec- 
tability of the lay delegation to our Conventions, we were 
still distressed and mortified at the occasional appearance of 
one or more unworthy members, who were a scandal to the 
Church, the scandal being the greater because of the number 
of attendants. The frequenters of the race-ground and the 
card-table and the lovers of the intoxicating cup sometimes 
found their way through this unguarded door into the legis- 
lative hall. It was proposed to close it; but strenuous oppo- 
sition was made by some, as to a measure assailing individual 
and congregational rights. It was discussed for three suc- 
cessive years, and though a considerable majority was always 
ready to pass the proposed canon, that majority yielded so 
far to the minority as to allow of delay and further consid- 
eration, which only resulted in the final passage of it by in- 
creased and overwhelming numbers. An incident occurred, 
during one of the discussions, showing how the consciences 
of even those who are not in full communion with the Church 
approve of wholesome legislation and discipline. A worthy 
clergyman, who was opposing the canon, referred to his own 
lay delegate as a proof of what excellent men might be sent 
to the Convention, who were nevertheless not communicants. 
When he was seated, the lay delegate, a very humble and 
good man, who had never spoken before in Convention, rose 
and expressed his entire dissent from his minister, and, as it 
was proposed to postpone the question until the next day, 
begged that there might be no delay, as he should sleep more 
quietly that night after having given his vote in favour of so 
necessary a regulation. He lived to appear in our body once 
more in full communion with the Church. We have never, 
since the adoption of this rule, had cause to repent of our 

IN West Virginia. 437 

legislation, or to blush for the scandal cast upon us hj un- 
worthy members. 

Policy of the Bishops and Clergy of Virginia in Regard to Tracta- 

At an early period Bishop Moore called the attention of the 
clergy and laity of Virginia to this heretical and Romish 
movement, when it overhung our horizon only as a cloud no 
larger than a man's hand. But it was a black and portentous 
one. The Convention in Norfolk, with a few exceptions, 
agreed with him in the propriety of warning against the giv- 
ing of any encouragement to the circulation of the insidious 
tracts. At the meeting in Alexandria, the following year, 
when they had been circulated through the land, having al- 
ready done much evil in our Mother-Church, a call was made 
upon all to expose and condemn the false doctrines thereof. 
The Bishops and Ministers did their duty in sounding the 
alarm, and the faithful Professors of our Seminary did theirs. 
The consequence is that the Church of Virginia has been pre- 
served from the ill effects of the erroneous and strange doc- 
trines taught by that school. 

The Use of the Liturgy and Vestments of Virginia. 

From what has been said in the foregoing pages as to the 
deplorable condition of the Church in Virginia, it may well 
be imagined that its liturgical services were often very im- 
perfectly performed. In truth, the responsive parts were 
almost entirely confined to the clerk, who, in a loud voice, 
sung or drawled them out. As to the psalmody, it is believed 
that the Hundredth Psalm, to the tune of Old Hundred, was 
so generally used as the signal of the Service begun, that it 
was regarded as the law of the Church. A case has been men- 
tioned to me by good authority, where a new minister, having 
varied from the established custom, gave out a different 
psalm; but the clerk, disregarding it, sung as usual the Hun- 
dredth. So unaccustomed were the people to join in the Ser- 
vice, that when I took charge of the congregation in Alexan- 

438 The Episcopal Church 

dria in 1811 I tried in vain to introduce the practice, until I 
fell on the expedient of making the children, who in large 
numbers came weekly to my house to be catechized, go over 
certain parts of the Service and the Psalms with me, and, 
after having thus trained them, on a certain Sabbath directed 
them to respond heartily and loudly in the midst of the grown 
ones. They did their part well, and complete success soon 
attended the plan. Throughout the State, when not only the 
friends of the Church were rapidly diminishing and Prayer 
Books were very scarce, but even clerks were hard to be got- 
ten, I presume that the Services v/ere very irregularly per- 
formed. 1 knew of an instance where the clergyman did not 
even take a Prayer Book into the pulpit, but, committing to 
memory some of the principal prayers of the Morning Ser- 
vice, used them in the pulpit before sermon, after the manner 
of other denominations. I am unable to say whether it ever 
was, or had been for a long time, the habit of any or of many 
of the ministers to use what is called the full Service, com- 
bining what all acknowledge to have been originally the three 
distinct parts of the old English Cathedral Service, and used 
separately at different portions of the day, namely, the Morn- 
ing Service proper, the Litany, the Ante-Communion Service, 
and which, without law, were gradually blended into one. for 
the convenience of those who preferred one long to three 
short services. The probability is, that in a Church without 
a head and anything like discipline, the practice may have 
been very various, according to the consciences, tastes and 
convenience of those who officiated. The practice of those 
who engaged in the resuscitation of the Church in Virginia, 
was to use the two former portions of the Liturgy — the Morn- 
ing Service and Litany — ^and to omit the Ante-Communion 
Service, except on communion days. This was introduced 
among us by the brethren who came from Maryland, the Rev. 
Dr. Wilmer, Norris and Lemmon, who doubtless believed that 
it was according to the design of those who arranged the 
American Prayer Book. They quoted as authority the de- 

IN West Vik&inia. 439 

claration and practice of the Rev. Dr. Smitli, who, as may be 
seen in the journals of our earliest General Convention, took 
a leading part in the changes of the Prayer Book. Dr. Smith, 
after leaving Philadelphia, settled in Chestertown, Md., where 
it was declared he never used the Ante-Communion Service. 
Dr. Wilmer was one of his successors, and said that it was 
also affirmed that Dr. Smith avowed himself to have been the 
author of one or more of the Rubrics, on the meaning and de- 
sign of which rested the question of obligation to use the 
Ante-Communion Service every Sabbath, and that he had in 
view the permission to leave it optional with the Minister. 
I am aware that Bishop White has expressed a different opin- 
ion, and that his practice was otherwise, nor do I purpose to 
discuss the question or take sides, but only to state the au- 
thority on which the Virginia custom was advocated. Neither 
do I mean to appropriate this custom exclusively to Virginia 
and a part of Maryland. In other parts of the land there 
were those who adopted it. I had it from the lips of Bishop 
Hobart himself, that a portion of the clergy of New York 
omitted that part of the Service, and, as I shall show here- 
after, it was this fact which had much to do with his proposi- 
tion to abridge the Service in other parts, in order the more 
easily to enforce the use of this favourite portion. The Bishop 
acknowledged to me that the Virginia clergy were not the 
only transgressors in this respect. This much I can say, that 
if they did err in the understanding of the rubric, they made 
amends for the abridgment of the Service by seeking to per- 
form what was used in a more animated manner, and to in- 
troduce a warm and zealous response among the people, and 
also by more lengthened, animated and evangelical discourses 
from the pulpit. Nor w^as there any attempt to enforce upon 
all the practice thus commenced. From the first, every Min- 
ister has been allowed the free exercise of his conscience and 
judgment in regard to it. For a time Bishop Moore, who had 
been accustomed to the fuller service in the city of New York, 
was disposed to urge the same upon the clergy of Virginia, 
but, after some observation and experience, became satisfied 

440 The Episcopal Church 

that it was best to leave it to the discretion of each Minister, 
and, though in his own parish he always used it, never re- 
quired the same in his visits to others. 

As to the vestments, the same liberty and the same variety 
has ever existed in the Church of Virginia, without interrup- 
tion to its harmony. It is well known that the controversy 
in our Mother-Church concerning the use of the surplice was 
a long and bitter and most injurious one; was, indeed, con- 
sidered by some of her ablest Bishops and Clergy as that 
which was the main point which caused the final secession; 
that if the obligation to use it had been removed, the Church 
would, for at least a much longer period, have been undivid- 
ed. Various attempts were made to abolish the canon or 
rubric enforcing it, but it was thought improper to humour 
the dissenters by so doing, and alleged that if this were done 
other demands would be made. At the revision of the Prayer 
Book by our American fathers, this and other changes, which 
had long been desired by many in England, and still are, were 
at once made, and the dress of the clergy left to their own 
good sense, it being only required that it should be decent. 
I believe it has never been attempted but once to renew the 
law enforcing clerical habits. Soon after I entered the House 
of Bishops some one in the other House proposed such a 
canon. A w^arm but short discussion ensued, which ended in 
the withdrawal of what found but little favour. During the 
discussion the subject was mentioned among the Bishops, 
who seemed all opposed to it, and one of whom, more dis- 
posed, perhaps, to such things than any other, cried out, "De 
minimis non curat lexJ' That the old clergy of Virginia should 
have been very uniform and particular in the use of the cleri- 
cal vestments is most improbable, from the structure of the 
churches and the location of their vestry-rooms. The vestry- 
rooms formed no part of the old churches, but were separate 
places in the yard or neighbourhood, sometimes a mile or two 
off. They were designed for civil, as well as religious pur- 
poses, and were located for the convenience of the vestrymen, 
who levied taxes and attended to all the secular, as well as 

IN West Virginia. 441 

ecclesiastical business of the parish. The setting apart some 
portion of the old churches as robing or vestry-rooms is quite 
a modern thing, and it is not at all probable that the minis- 
ters would have gone backward and forward between the pul- 
pits and the former vestry-rooms in the churchyards, to 
change their garments. The clergy of Virginia, from the first 
efforts at resuscitating the Church, have been charged by 
some with being too indifferent to clerical garments; nor 
have they been very careful to repel the charge, thinking it 
better to'err in this way than in the opposite. Bishop Hobart 
once taunted me with this, though at the same time he 
acknowledged that there were times and places when it 
would be folly to think of using the clerical garments, saying, 
that in his visitations, especially to Western New York, he 
sometimes dispensed not only with the Episcopal robes but 
even with the black gown. The Bishops of Virginia have 
sometimes been condemned for not requiring the candidates 
to be dressed in surplices at the time of their admission to 
deacons" orders, although there is no canon or rubric looking 
to such a thing. They are at least as good Churchmen, in 
this respect, as the English Bishops. When in England, some 
years since, I witnessed the ordination of fifty deacons, by 
the present Archbishop of Canterbury, in Durham Cathedral, 
not one of whom was surpliced; some of them, as well as I 
remember, having on their college gowns, answering to our 
black gowns, and others only their common garments. 
There is, I think, less disposition to form and parade there 
than is sometimes seen in our own country. I only add that 
Bishop Moore, in his visitations, always took his seat in the 
chancel in his ordinary dress, except when about to perform 
some official act, and thus addressed the congregation after 
the sermon. I have seen no cause to depart from his exam- 

Glebes and Salaries Withdrawn. 

It has been made a matter of great complaint against the 
Legislature of Virginia, that it should not only have with- 

442 The Episcopal Church 

drawn the stipend of sixteen thousand-weiglit of tobacco from 
the clergy, but also have seized upon the glebes. I do not mean 
to enter upon the discussion of the legality of that act, or of 
the motives of those who petitioned for it. Doubtless there 
were many who sincerely thought that it was both legal and 
right, and that they were doing God and religion a service 
by it. I hesitate not, however, to express the opinion, in which 
I have been and am sustained by many of the best friends 
of the Church then and ever since, that nothing could have 
been more injurious to the cause of true religion in the Epis- 
copal Church, or to its growth in any way, than the contin- 
uance of either stipend or glebes. Many clergymen of the 
most unworthy character would have been continued among 
us, and such a revival as we have seen have never taken place. 
As it was, together with the glebes and salaries evil minis- 
ters disappeared and made room for a new and different kind. 
Even in cases where, from some peculiarity in the manner in 
which the glebes were first gotten and the tenure by which 
they were held, the law could not alienate them from the 
parish, they have been, I believe without an exception, a 
drawback to the temporal and spiritual prosperity of the con- 
gregations, by relaxing the efforts of the people to support 
the ministry and making them to rely on the uncertain prof- 
its of their contested or pillaged lands. The prejudices ex- 
cited against the Church by the long contest for them were 
almost overwhelming to her hopes, and a successful termi- 
nation of that contest might have been utterly fatal to them 
for a long period of time. Not merely have the pious mem- 
bers of the Church taken this view of the subject, since the 
revival of it under other auspices, but many of those who pre- 
ferred the Church at that day, for other reasons than her 
evangelical doctrine and worship, saw that it was best that 
she be thrown upon her own resources. I had a conversa- 
tion many years since with Mr. Madison, soon after he ceas- 
ed to be President of the United States, in which I became 
assured of this. He himself took an active part in promot- 
ing the act for the putting down the establishment of the 

IN West Virginia. 443 

Episcopal Church, while his relative was Bishop of it and 
all his family connection attached to it. He mentioned an 
anecdote illustrative of the preference of many for it who 
still advocated the repeal of all its peculiar privileges. I 
give his own words. At a time when lobby members were 
sent by some of the other denominations to urge the repeal 
of all laws favoring the Episcopal Church, one, an elder of a 
Church, came from near Hampton, wto pursued Iris work 
with great fearlessness and prudence. An old fashioned Epis^ 
copal gentleman, of the true Federal politics, with a three- 
cornered hat, powdered hair, long queue, and white top- 
boots, perceived him approaching very cautiously one day, 
as if afraid though desirous to speak. Whereupon he en- 
couraged the elder to come forward, sajdng that he was al- 
ready with him, that he was clear for giving all a fair chance, 
th.'it there were many roads to heaven, and he was in favour 
of letting every man take his own way; but he was sure of 
one thing, that no cndleman would choose any but the Epis- 
copal. Although I am far from assenting to the conclusion 
that no gentleman are to be found in other denominations, or 
that there were none in Virginia at that time who be- 
come alienated from the Episcopal and attached to other 
churches, yet it cannot be denied that the more educated and 
refjued were generally averse to any but the Episcopal 
Church, while man}-, of whom the above-mentioned was a fair 
representative, were in favour of equal privilege,^ to all.* 
It may be w^ell here to state, what will more fully appear 
when we come to speak of the old glebes and churches in 
a subsequent number, that the character of the laymen of 
Virginia for morals and religion was in general greatly in 
advance of that of the clergy. The latter, for the most part, 

* Mr. Madison's mother was a pious member of the Episcopal Church. She lived 
with him, but was of such feeble health that she could not attend public worship 
for many of her latter years. On this account, as doubtles from a general principle 
of hospitality, Mr. Madison, who was very regular in his attendance at worship, 
which, during his day, was held at the court-house in Orange county, there being 
no church for some time, always invited our miniters to his house, where they ad- 
ministered the Lord's Supper to his venerable mother. 

444 The Episcopal Church 

were the refuse or more indifferent of the English, Irish, and 
Scottish Episcopal Churches, who could not find promotion 
and employment at home. The former were natives of the 
soil and descendants of respectable ancestors who migrated 
at an early period. For high and honourable character and 
a due appreciation of what was required in ministers of the 
Gospel there were numerous influential laymen who would 
favourably compare with those of any part of the land. Some 
of the vestries, as their records painfully show, did what 
they could to displace unworthy ministers, though they of- 
ten failed, through defect of law. In order to avoid the dan- 
ger of having evil ministers fastened upon them, as well 
as from the scarcity of ministers, they made much use of 
lay-readers as substitutes. In some instances, as will be seen, 
such readers were very successful in strengthening the 
things which remained after the Church was deprived of her 
possessions and privileges and the clergy had abandoned 
their charges. The reading of the Service and sermons in 
private families, which contributed so much to the preserva- 
tion of an attachment to the Church in the same, was doubt- 
less promoted by the practice of lay-reading. Those whom 
Providence raised up to resuscitate the fallen Church of 
Virginia can testify to the fact that the families who descend- 
ed from the above-mentioned have been their most effect- 
ive supports. Existing in greater or less numbers through- 
out the State, they have been the first to originate meas- 
ures for the revival of the Church, and the most active and 
liberal ever since in the support of her ministers. More 
intelligent and devoted Churchmen, more hospitable and 
warm-hearted friends of the clergy, can nowhere be found. 
And when in the providence of God they are called on to 
leave their ancient homes and form new settlements in the 
distant South and West, none are more active and reliable in 
transplanting the Church of their Fathers. 

Some Reflections Growing Out of the Foregoing Pages. 

The desertions from the Episcopal Church in Virginia on 

IN West Virginia. 445 

the part of many who were awakened to a deeper sense of 
religion, the violent opposition made to it, the persevering 
and successful efforts for its downfall, the advantage taken 
by politicians for promoting their objects, the abandonment 
of their charges by far the greater part of the ministers so 
soon as their salaries were withdrawn and when only unprof- 
itable glebes remained to them, are events in history which 
must have resulted from some powerful cause or causes. 
The leading one must be found in the irreligious character 
and defective preaching of the clergy, operating more or 
less on the laity, for it will always be, in some degree, "like 
priest like people." The ignorance, superstition, and corrup- 
tion of the Romish clergy and people, invited that grand as- 
sault of the great enemy of God and man upon the Christian 
Church and religion in Europe, by the agency of Voltaire 
and his iost of followers, which led to the French Revolu- 
tion with all its horrors. It is not wonderful that the same 
great foe and his active agents should have turned their at- 
tention to the Church and people of Virginia, in their then 
most irreligious state, and made an effective assault upon 
them. Infidelity became rife in Virginia, perhaps beyond 
any other portion of the land. The clergy, for the most 
part, were a laughing-stock or objects of disgust. Some 
that feared God and desired to save their souls felt bound 
to desert them. Persecution followed, and that only in- 
creased defection. Infidels rejoiced at the sight, and poli- 
ticians made their use of the unhappy state of things. The 
Church fell. There was no Episcopal head to direct and 
govern either clergy or people. No discipline could be ex- 
erted over either. It is not surprising, that many should 
think it was deserted of God as well as of man. Such a 
view has been taken of it by some ever since, and most dil- 
igently and successfully urged to our injury. Although our 
present condition ought to be sufficient proof that the Epis- 
copal church itself is not an offence unto God, — while at one 
time it came under his displeasure by reason of the unwor- 

446 The Episcopal Church 

thiness of many of its ministers and members, — yet it may be 
well to advert, not in a spirit of retaliation but in love of 
truth and justice, to some facts, showing that the Episco- 
pal Church is not the only one in our land which has had 
its unworthy ministers and members, and been of course 
so far an object of the Divine displeasure. The history of 
the whole Christian Church, as one of our opponents has 
said, is the "history of declensions and revivals.'' The Baptist 
Church in Virginia, Avhich took the lead in dissent, and was 
the chief object of persecution by the magistrates and the 
most violent and persevering afterward in seeking the down- 
fall of the Establishment, was the first to betray signs of 
great declension in both ministers and people. The Rev. 
Robert Sample, in his History of the Baptists of Virginia, 
is faithful in acknowledging this. He informs us that at 
an early period Kentucky and the Western country took off 
many of their ministers in pursuit of gain. Some of these 
ministers had dishonored the profession. "With some few 
exceptions," he says, "the declension (among the people) 
was general throughout the State. The love of many waxed 
cold. Some of the watchmen fell, others stumbled, and 
many slumbered at their posts. Iniquity greatly abounded." 
At another time he says, 'The great revival had now sub- 
sided, and the axe was laid at the root of the tree. Many 
barren and fruitless trees were already cut down. In many 
of the churches the number excluded surpassed the number 
received." Again, he speaks of the undue dwelling on some 
highly Calvinistic doctrines. "Truth is often injured by an un- 
suitable application of its parts. Strong meat should not be 
given but to men. To preach the deep, mysterious doctrines 
of grace upon all occasions, and before all sorts of people, 
is the sure way to preach them out of the parts." Again, he 
says, in the same connection, "Unguardedness respecting 
preachers, in various ways, but especially as to impostors, 
has injured the Baptists in many parts, but in none more 
than on the Eastern Shore, They have probably suffered 
more by impostors than any other people in Virginia." He 

IN West Virginia. 447 

then mentions several sad instances of shameful miscon- 
duct, adding others afterward. I am also compelled in hon- 
est truth to say, that at a later period, many others coming 
within my own knowledge and observation must be united 
to the above; but I am also rejoiced to declare, from the 
same knowledge, that the character of the ministry of that 
denomination for piety and ability, and no doubt that of the 
people with it, has been most manifestly improving for many 
years. 1 trust that with the acknowledged improvement 
of our own, there will be an increased disposition to forget 
all former animosities, to think and speak charitably of 
each other, and only strive which shall most promote the 
common cause of true religion. 

Leaving my own State and Diocese, I proceed to speak of 
some at a distance who have experienced like declension 
from the true faith and practice. Col. Byrd, of Virginia, in 
his "Westover Manuscripts," concerning a tour through the 
State in the year 1733, speaking of the Pilgrim Fathers of 
New England, says, "Though these people may be ridiculed 
for some Pharisaical peculiarities in their worship and be- 
havior, yet they were very useful subjects, as being frugal 
and industrious, giving no scandal or bad example, at least 
by any open and public vices. By which excellent qualities 
they had much the advantage of the Southern colony, who 
thought their being members of the Established Church suf- 
ficient to sanctify very loose and profligate morals. For this 
reason New England improved much faster than Virginia." 
Strict, however, as were the morals, and evangelical as were 
the doctrines, of the Pilgrim Fathers of New England, the 
time of declension in both came on. We may trace the de- 
clension in doctrine to that which was the Mother-Church 
to many of them, — the Church of Scotland. The moralizing 
system began there, as it had done in the English Church. 
1 remember to have heard Mr. Balmaine — once a member 
of that Church — often compare together the moralizing and 
evangelical parties of his early days, — now a hundred years 
ago. Dr. Blair and Mr. Walker were the representatives 

448 The Episcopal Church 

of the two parties, though associate ministens in the same 
chureh in Edinburgh. He had heard them both. The more 
worldly and fashionable delighted in the sermons of Dr. 
Blair, who preached in the morning. The more zealous and 
evangelical attended in greater numbers the services of Dr. 
Walker, who preached in the afternoon. Dr. Witherspoon 
also, former President of Princeton College, has, in his work 
entitled "Characteristics," exercised his unsurpassed wit as 
well as pious zeal in portraying the two parties, — the one, 
calling itself the "Moderate Party," which he charges with 
being "fierce for moderation/' and zealous in nothing else. 
The same soon began to exist in New England. Low views 
of the qualification for baptisms, the Lord's Supper, and the 
ministry, gradually crept in. The moralizing system took 
the place of the evangelical. The distinctive principles of 
the Gospel were kept back, and thus the way was prepared 
for the Unitarian heresy. The morals also of the Church, 
as might be expected, began to fail. The labours and preach- 
ing of Edwards and others and the great revival under them 
did much to arrest the downward tendency; but the evil 
went on. The love of pleasure in the young and of strong 
drink in both young and old increased in many places. Dea- 
cons and elders sold rum by wholesale, and other members 
by retail. Nor did the clergy lift up their voices in solemn 
warnings, as they should have done, but very many freely 
used the intoxicating draught. That aged and venerable 
man, the Rev. Leonard Woods, of Andover, states that at 
a particular period previous to the temperance reforma- 
tion he was able to count nearly forty ministers of the Gos- 
pel, none of whom resided at a very great distance, who 
were either drunkards or so far addicted to intemperate 
drinking, that their reputation and usefulness were very 
greatly injured if not utterly ruined. He mentions an ordi- 
nation at which he was present, and at which he was pained 
to see two aged ministers literally drunk and a third inde- 
cently excited by strong drink. "These disgusting and appall- 
ing facts," says this most esteemed minister of the Gospel, "I 

IN West Virginia. 449 

could wish iiiifilit be conceaied. But they were made X-»ublic 
by the guilty persons; and ] have thouj^ht it just and proper 
to mention them, in order to show how much we owe to a 
compassionate God for the great deliverance he hath 
wrought." (The Ninth Keport of the American Temperance 
Society, as quoted in the Temperance Prize Essay, ''Bac- 
chus,'' pp. 70, 80; edition of 1840.) To this 1 add a testimony 
of my own. About thirty-five or thirty-six years ago, I 
devoted some time to the service of the Colonization Soci- 
ety, forming the first auxiliaries and selectijjg the first col- 
onists in some of the larger cities of the Union, North and 
South. Of course, I mingled freely with ministers and mem- 
bers of different denominations and had opportunity of 
knowing what I now afiirm, — namely, that many ministers 
of respectable standing, and not confined to any one denomi- 
nation, were in the habit of using themselves and offering to 
others who visited them, not merely at the hour of dinner, 
but long before, brandy and other drinks. I have special 
reference to one large cit}', where, in a few years, the evil 
effects were seen and felt, in the reproach brought on sev- 
eral denominations by the partial if not total fall of some of 
their chief leaders. In proof of the prevalence of such a ruin- 
ous habit I mention the fact, that in a funeral sermon preached 
about that time over a deceased minster, and published to 
the world, it was mentioned to his praise, that such was his 
hospitality that he never permitted even a morning visit 
to be paid him without offering wine and other refreshments. 
How thankful we should be to God for the great change 
which He has caused to take place in the hospitalities of 
our day: As for myself, I can never hear without pain, a 
slighting remark made by any one, especially by a minister, 
and more especially by one of our own Church, concerning 
that society which 1 believe God has raised up in our land, 
as one instrument by which so much has been done for the 
diminution of this great evil. 

450 The Episcopal Church 

Concluding Remarks. 

Having thus presented a brief sketch of !=^ome of the most 
interesting incidents in the past history of the Church of 
Virginia, let us with deep humility and lively gratitude com- 
pare together our j^ast and present condition, saying, "What 
hath God wrought!" Toward the close of two hundred years 
after its first establishment there were nearly one hundred 
ministers and one hundred and sixty churches, and then in 
seven years after only a few faint-hearted ones serving in 
the few remaining and almost deserted sanctuaries; now 
again, after the labours of less than half a century, our 
hundred minsters are restored and more than one hundred 
and seventy churches are open for the people of God. For 
two hundred years not a Bishop ever visited the diocese, 
and even after one was sent only a few ministrations were 
performed; now, two Bishops have full employment in vis- 
iting two hundred churches or stations. It was for years 
found impracticable to raise sufiScient funds for the conse- 
cration of one Bishop; now, funds are raised for the annual 
support of two, independent of parochial charges. It was 
once proposed, in a declining state of the Church, but in vain, 
to raise funds for the education of only two candidates for 
the ministry; now, numbers are annually receiving prepar- 
atory instruction at our Seminary. Formerly we were en- 
tirely dependent on foreign parts for our supply of clergy- 
men, insufficient as to numbers and worse as to character; 
now, by the blessing of God on our Seminary, we are enabled 
to send forth to the decayed churches of Greece, or to the 
heathen of Asia and Africa, a goodly number of faithful 
and zealous missionaries of the cross. Formerly, and for at 
least a century, numbers were deserting our communion, 
as that which had deserted God, and was deserted of God; 
now, for the last forty years, either themselves or their 
children or children's children have in considerable numbers 
been returning to our fold, as to one which God himself was 
keeping and blessing. Whereas once almost all men thought 

IN West Virginia. 451 

and spoke ill of our clergy and communicants as devoid of 
piety, now, only those who are misinformed, or most preju- 
diced, refuse to acknowledge that through God's grace there 
is at least as large an amount of true piety in both minis- 
ters and people as is to be found in those of any other de- 
nomination. Whereas once we had for many years no Con- 
ventions and then for some years a few faint-hearted minis- 
ters and people meeting together, now, what numbers of 
clergy and laity delight to assemble, not for the dry busi- 
ness of legislation only, or for religious controversy, but 
<;hiefiy for the blessed privilege of joining hearts and voices 
in the sweet exercises of God's word and worship, and thus 
becoming knit together in love! Thus graciously hath God 
dealt with us. Out of gratitude to him, and that we may 
continue to enjoy his smiles, it becomes us ever to bear in 
mind by what means this hath been done; how our Jacob 
aroise, when he was not only so small, but crushed to the 
eartji, trodden under foot of man, after having been betray- 
ed by friends and dishonoured by the very minsters of God 
who were appointed to defend him. In the character, habits, 
views, and history of the man whom God sent to us from a 
distance to be our head and leader in this work, and in the 
views of those, whether from our own State or elsewhere, 
who entered into the service, may be seen the religious prin- 
ciples and methods of action by which, under God, the 
change has been effected; and it need not be said how en- 
tirely different they were from those by which the disgrace 
and downfall of the Church had been wrought. Of the effi- 
cacy of these means we are the more convinced from the 
peculiar and very great difficulties to be surmounted, which 
have ncAertheless in a great measure been surmounted. We 
are persuaded that in no part of our own land were there 
such strong prejudices and such Adolent oppositions to be 
overcome as in Virginia, in consequence of the former char- 
acter of the Episcopal clergy, and the long and bitter strife 
which had existed between the Church and those who had 

452 The Episcopal Church 

left its paie, which latter were never satisfied until the down- 
fall of the former was accomplished. 

Let me briefly recapitulate the means used. Bishop 
Moore, in his previous correspondence, and his first sermon 
and address, declared his determination to preach as he 
had ever done, when God so greatly blessed his ministry, the 
giorioiis doctrines of grace, instead of a mere morality, such 
as many of the English clergy had once preached, and such as 
liad been but too common in Virginia. The young clergy, 
who engaged in the revival of the Church of Virginia, took 
the same resolve and made the great theme of their preach- 
ing "Jesus Christ and him crucified," on the ground of a to- 
tal apostasy from God on the part of man which required 
such a sacrifice, as well as the renewing of the Holy Ghost 
in order to meetness for the joys of Heaven. But they did 
not turn this grace of God into licentiousness and think that 
either priest or people might indulge in sin. Among the 
first acts of the earlier Conventions, it was ;\t once set forth 
before the world that the revival of the Church was to be 
undertaken on principles entirely different from those which 
had hitherto prevailed, and under the influence of which re- 
ligion had been so much dishonouredi. It was plainly de- 
clared that there was need of discipline, both for clergy 
and laity, and canons were provided for the exercise of the 
same. Not merely were grosser vices stigmatized, but what 
by some were considered the innocent amusements of the 
world and which the clergy themselves had advocated and 
practiced were condemned as inconsistent with the charac- 
ter of a Christian professor. 

Baptism, by which we renounce the pomps and vanities 
of the world as well as the sinful lusts of the flesh, and 
which had been customarily celebrated in private, directly 
in opposition to the rubric and often amidst ungodly festiv- 
ities, was now isought to be performed only in the house of 
God, and with pious sponsors instead of thoughtless and 
irreligious ones. Candidates for confirmation, instead of 
being presented because they had reached a certain age and 

IN West Vikghnia. 453 

could repeat the Catechism, were told what a solemn vow, 
promise and profession they were about to make, and that it 
was none other than an immediate introduction with full 
qualifications to the Lord's Supper. Of course verv different 
views of the Lord's Supper and of the conduct of communi- 
cants were inculcated, and the ministers bound, by express 
canon, to converse with each one before admitting for the 
first time to the Lord's Supper. Thus were the whole tone 
and standard of religion changed, to the dissatisfaction and 
complaint, it is true, of some of the old members of the 
Church, and not without the condemnation of some from 
abroad. In due time, the important measure, requiring that 
all who enter our Convention to legislate for Christians and 
Christian ministers should themselves be Christian profes- 
sors, was adopted, though there were those at home who 
feared the attempt, and those abroad who prophesied evil 
in such a manner as to encourage disaffection at home. But 
God was with iis and has granted most entire success. 

As to the manner of exciting zeal in Christians and awa- 
kening interest in those who were not, it was thought that 
no better example could be followed than that of the apos- 
tles, who preached not only in the temple and synagogues, 
but from house to house, as occasion required and opportuni- 
ty offered. As to the manner of preaching, written ser- 
mons were generally preferred in the pulpit, while extem- 
poraneous exhortations were often resorted to in smaller 
assemblies. Without islighting the excellent prayers of our 
Liturgy, there were many occasions, both in private fami- 
lies and in social meetings, when extemporaneous peti- 
tions seemed edifying both to the pastor and his flock. As 
to the great benevolent .and religious institutions of the age, 
our ministers felt that they were doing well to encourage 
their people to a lively participation in them. The Misision- 
ary and Bible Societies, the Colonization and Temperance 
Societies, received their most cordial support, and 
they considered it a subject of devout thankfulness to 
God if their congregations took a deep interest in the same. 

454 The Episcopal Church 

To provoke each other and their congregations to zeal in 
all good works, and especially to awaken the careless to a 
sense of their lost condition, the ministers would meet to- 
gether occasionally, and for several successive days make 
full trial of prayer and the word, expecting the blessing pro- 
mised to two or three who come together and ask somewhat 
of God. 

To these I will only add a few words as to the spirit 
cherished and the course pursued toward our Christian 
brethren who walk not with us in all things of Church order 
and worship. Long and bitter was the strife that subsisted 
between them and our fathers, violent the prejudices that 
raged against us, and it would have been easy to enter on 
the work of revival in the spirit of retaliation and fierce 
opposition. But would it have been right, and as our Mas- 
ter would have had us do? Our forefathers had done reli- 
gion much and them some wrong, God made use of them 
for good. Many of them were doubtless most sincere in their 
fear of us and opposition to us. It became us rather to 
win them over by love, and secure their esteem, by living 
and preaching differently from our predecessors. Such was 
the conciliatory course pursued by our deceased father in 
God, and followed by those who perceived the good effects of 
his example, and most happy was the effect of the same. 
But while we have reason, at thought of our present by com- 
parison with our past condition, to exclaim, ''What hath 
God done!" "to thank him and take courage," yet should 
we beware of boasting, or of supposing that all is done, or 
that what remains will certainly and easily be done. I 
consider it as the great error of many in our Church, that 
we are too much given to boasting, too apt to overrate our 
own successes, and calculate too largely on far greater, 
while underrating the present or probable future successes- 
of others. God will, in His own way, correct uis, if we 
be guilty of presumption. Our Jacob is still small, and it 
becomes us now, as of old, to ask, By whom shall he arise? 
Much is vet to be done, and there are manv difficulties in 

IN West ViimiiMA. 455 

the way. Though we have a goodly number of ministers, 
yet there are by no means enough to carry on the work of 
enlargement as we could wish, and as the door seems open- 
ing to us. Although we have many churches, yet how many 
of the congregations are small and not rapidly increasing, 
being still unable to afford even a moderate support to the 
ministry! Many are the discouragements which meet us in 
our efforts to sustain some of the old and lo raise up new 
congregations. Among the most painful is the difflculty 
of attaching the poor of this world to our communion. When 
our Lord was on earth he gave, as one of the signs of his 
heavenly descent, the blessed fact that "to the poor the 
Gospel is preached," and "the common people," it is written, 
"heard him gladly," — "the multitudes followed him.'" Such 
should be our constant endeavour; and if, from the causes 
alluded to in the past history of our Churcb, one description 
of the poor of Virginia have been almost entirely alienated 
from us, let us rejoice to know that there is another descrip- 
tion not less acceptable in the sight of Heaven, who, if we are 
kind to them and will take due pains to win them over, 
may more eaisily be led to come under the Caithful preaching 
of the word. The poor servants will, if we persevere in 
our labours of love toward them, and be to fchem what God's 
faithful pastors in every age have been to the poor, be 
benefitted by our ministry, and may — if we will, in conjunc- 
tion with their owners, attend to them betimes, as we do to 
oar own children — become regular and pious members of 
our communion. But whether we think of the rich or of the 
poor, or of those of any and every condition and character 
among us, with the hope of converting them to Christ and 
attaching them to the communion of our Church, we need 
not expect much success without great zeal and diligence, 
such as was put forth in our first efforts for its resuscita- 
tion. Our State is not one of those whose population is 
rapidly increasing, in which flourishing villages are spring- 
ing up in every direction calling for neat churches to fill 
up the measure of their beauty and excellency, and where 

456 The Episcopal Church 

the support of the ministry is sure, so that our Zion must 
needs lengthen her cords and strengthen her stakes. Very 
different is it with us now, has it been for many years, and 
will it in all probability be for many years to come. It is 
only by patient perseverence in well-doing that we can hope 
to make advances in the establishment of our Church. Much 
self-denial and enduring of hardship and abounding in la- 
bours and itinerant zeal and contentedness with a little of 
this world's goods, on the part of many of our minsters, 
are indispensable to the growth of the Church in Virginia 
much beyond her present attainment. Without these things 
she may, except in the towns, continue stationary, or even 
retrograde in some places, during years to come. 

To the foregoing I only add that in the summer of 1829 
I was consecrated Assistant Bishop of Virginia, and con- 
tinued to perform the duties of that office until, by the death 
of Bishop Moore, in 1841, I succeeded to the place which he 
occupied. During all that time, I can with truth say that 
not the slightest circumstance ever occurred to interrupt 
for a moment a most harmonious and pleasant relation be- 
tween us. Bishop Johns was consecrated Assistant Bishop 
in the fall of 1842; and I can as truly say that thus for the 
same harmony has existed, and I feel confident that it will 
exist until death or some other circumstance shall dissolve 
the connection. Such is the extent of the Diocese, and such 
was the difficulty of traversing it, that, for the first twelve 
or thirteen years, I was engaged in visitation during eight 
months of each year, travelling over large portions of it 
on horseback, or in an open one-horse carriage. During the 
latter period, six months suffice for such duties as devolved 
upon me, and these could not possibly be performed but for 
the greatly-improved modes of conveyance. 1 need not ad4, 
what is so well known, that they are most imperfectly per- 

It is right that something should be said here about the 
Parish of James City, because it was the landing-place of 
our first forefathers — the seat of the first civil and religious 

IN West Virginia. 457 

establishment on the shores of Xorth America. It dates its 
beginning about two hundred and fifty years ago. But it 
found a place in the hearts of pious and philanthropic men 
at a still earlier period, and we must go back to that period 
with our preparatory remarks. We are greatly mistaken, 
if we suppose that the missionary spirit, after slumbering 
from the early ages, was aroused to life and action only -^ith- 
in the last hundred years. Instances may be shown, in 
which Kings and Queens of our mother-country and Church, 
moved to it by the pious zeal of Bishops and other ministers, 
have commanded, that together with the sword and artil- 
ery of war, and the implements of commerce and husbandry, 
the sword of the Spirit and the trumpet of the Gospel should 
be sent, with armies and navies and colonisrs, to the unciv- 
ilized nations of the earth. I confine my references to what 
the religioius principle has done in behalf of the Colony of 

The domestic troubles of the English State and Church, 
the controversies with Romanists, Puritans, and other dis- 
affected bodies, delayed and hindered any great schemes for 
Christian colonization and missiomary enterprise, just as 
civil wars prevent foreign aggressions and conquests. To 
the Rev. Richard Hakluyt the chief praise is due, for stir- 
ring up the mind? of Christian statesmen and people to the 
duty of finding out barbarous countries, in order to their 
conversion to the Christian faith. To his friend, Sir Philip 
Sydney, he dedicates his first collection of voyages and dis- 
coveries, in 1570. In 1578, he republishes Peter Martyr's 
history of the New World, with a preface dedicating it to 
Sir Walter Raleigh, together with another work on Florida, 
in which he urges him to persevere in the good work he had 
begun in Virginia.* In both of them he urges Sir Walter 
to prosecute the work from the only true motive and design, 
the extension of Christ's religion, — "The glorie of God, and 

* In the year 1.588. ?ir Walter Kaleigh gave CIOO for the propagation of Chrie- 
tianity in Virginia. 

458 The Episcopal Church 

the saving of the soules of the poor and blinded infidels." 
The numerous volumes collected and published by this la- 
borious and zealous man on this subject have come down to 
our da.y, and are a most valuable depository of missionary 
information. After holding various preferments, he settled 
down as Prebendary of Westminster, and continued till his 
death in 1616, to watch over the Infant Colony of Virginia. 
The honour of being buried in Westminster Abbey was con- 
ferred on This man of a large soul. It deserves to be mention- 
ed, that he not only by his pen and the press urged on tbe 
Christian colonization of Virginia, but sought and obtained 
the honour of being one of those to whom Virginia was con- 
signed, by letters-patent from King James, that he might 
the more effectually labour for her welfare. To his exer- 
tions the expeditions in 1603, and again in 1605, may in a 
great measure be ascribed. The language used by the King, 
in the terms of the patent for Virginia, in 1606, shows also 
the religious character of the movement. One design was, 
that "so noble a work may, by the Providence of God, here- 
after tend to the glorie of his divine majestie, in propagat- 
ing of Christian religion to such people as sit in darkness 
and miserable ignorance of the true knowledge and worship 
of God, and may in time bring the infidels and savages (liv- 
ing in those parts) to human civility and quiet government." 
Another evidence of the operation of the religious feeling 
in those who first engaged in the settlement of Virginia 
may be seen in what one writes, who weni out with Wey- 
mouth in 1605, in regard to a proposal of some of the na- 
tives, that "the company would push their discoveries fur- 
ther." It was declined, he says, on this ground : — "We would 
not hazard so hopeful! a businesse as this was, either for 
oiur private or particular ends, being more regardful of a 
public goode, and promulgating God's holy Church, by plant- 
ing Christianity, Avhich was the interest of our adventurers 
as well as ours."* 

» In the instructions of the King, in 1606, it was enjoined, that "all persons 
should kindly treat the savages and heathen people in these parts, and use all pro- 
per means to draw them to the true service and knowledge of God." 

IN West Virginia. 459 

In the following year, December, 1606, the first little 
colony came to Virginia, bringing with it the first minister 
of Jamos City, the Rev. Kobert Hunt. Mr. V^ingfield, the 
first President of the Colony, gives the following account 
of his appointment: — "For my first worke, which was to 
make right choice of a spiritual pastor, I appeal to my Lord 
of Canterbury, — his grace, — who gave me very gracious au- 
dience in my request. And the world knoweth whom I took 
with me, truely a man, in my opinion, not any waie to bo 
touched with the rebellious humour of a papist spirit, nor 
blemished with the least suspicion of a factious schismatic." 
In a narrative, kept by Stukeley and others, it is written, 
"On the 19th of December, 1606, we set sail from Blackwell, 
but by unprosperous winds were kept six weeks in sight of 
England; all which time Mr. Hunt, our preacher, was so 
weake and sicke that few expected his recovery. Yet al- 
though we were but twenty miles from hi:3 habitation, (the 
time we were in the Downes,) and notwithstanding the 
stormy weather, nor the scandalous speeches of some few, 
little better than atheists, of the greatest rank among us, 
suggested against him, all this could never force him so 
much as a seeming desire to leave the businesse, but prefer- 
red the service of God, in so good a voyage, before any af- 
fection to contest with his godless foes, whose disastrous 
designs, could they have prevailed, had even then overthrown 
the businesse, so many discontents did there arise, had he 
not only with the water of patience and his godly exhorta- 
tions, but chiefly by his devoted example, quenched those 
flames of envy and dissention."* It is very certain, that 
notwithstanding the piety which prompted the expedition, 
and the devotion of Mr. Hunt and some others who embarked 
in that vessel, there was a considerable proportion of most 

*The Log church first erected was burned down the following winter, with 
many other houses. Mr. Hunt lost all his books and every thing else but 
the clothes on his back. "Yet none ever saw him repine at his loss." "Upon 
any alarm he was as ready at defence as any, and till he could not speak 
he never ceased to his utmost to animate us constantly to persist,— whose soul, 
questionless, is with (jrod."— Captain Smith's History of Virginia. 

460 The Episcopal Church 

unworthy materials on board, as shown by their opposi- 
tion to Hunt and Captain Smith, two men who seemed to 
know no fear, but that of God. The future conduct of the 
larger portion of the Colonists, after their arrival, too well 
established this fact. The company in England appears to 
have apprehended something of this, from their instruc- 
tions, in which they say to the Colonists at their departure, 
that "the way to prosper and have success was to make 
themselves all of one mind, for their own and their country's 
good; and to serve and fear God, the giver of all goodness, 
since every plantation which he did not plant would certain- 
ly be rooted out." Although Captain Smith was appointed 
one of the Council of the Company, a violent opposition was 
made to his having a seat on their arrival. "Many," it is 
said in the narrative already quoted, "were the mischiefs 
which daily sprung from their ignorant yet ambitious spir- 
its; but the good doctrine and exhortation of our preacher, 
Mr. Hunt, reconciled them, and caused Captain Smith to be 
admitted of the Council." The next day, the Holy Com- 
munion was, for the first time, administered in Virginia. 
The number composing the first congregation at James- 
town was one hundred and four or five. "A circumstance," 
says the Rev. Mr. Anderson, author of three most laborious 
and interesting volumes on the Colonial Churches, "is men- 
tioned in President Wingfield's manuscript, which I cannot 
find recorded elsewhere, which shows, in a A'ery remarkable 
manner, the careful and pious reverence manifested by the 
Colonists for the due celebration of Christ's holy ordinance, 
in their sad extremity." He says that when "the common 
store of oil, sack, vinegar, and aqua-vitae, were all spent, 
saving two gallons of each, the sack was reserved for the 

In proof of the religious character of Captain Smith, as 
a part of the history of James City Parish, I quote the fol- 
lowing account of the first place of worship in the same, 
in a pamphlet published in 1631, by Mr. Smith, some years 

IN West Virginia. 461 

after his History of Virginia, and entitled, "Advertisements 
for the unexperienced planters of New England, or else- 
where, i&c." To the Kev. Mr. Anderson's labours we are 
indebted for the revival of this pamphlet. 

"Now, because I have spoken so much for the body, give 
me leave to say somewhat of the soul; and the rather, be- 
cause I have been demanded by so many, how we began 
to preach the Gospel in Virginia, and by what authority, 
what churches we had, our order of service, and maintenance 
for our ministers; therefore I think it not amiss to satisfie 
their demands, it being the mother of all our Plantations, 
entreating pride to spare laughter, to understand her sim- 
ple beginnings and proceedings. When I went first to Vir- 
ginia, I well remember, we did hang an awning (which is 
an old sail) to three or four trees, to shadow us from the 
sun; our walls were rails of wood, our seats unhewed trees, 
till we cut planks, our pulpit a bar of wood nailed to two 
neighbouring trees; in foul weather we shifted into an oIq 
rotten tent, for we had few better, and this came by way 
of adventure for new. This was our church, till we built 
a homely thing like a barn, set upon crotchetts, covered 
with rafts, sedge, and earth, so was also the walls. The 
best of our houses were of the like curiosity, but the most 
part far much worse workmanship, that could neither well 
defend wind nor rain, yet we had daily Common Prayer morn- 
ing and evening, every Sunday two sermons, and every three 
months the holy communion, till our minister died, (the 
Eev. ilr. Hunt.) But (after that) our prayers daily with an 
homily on Sundays, we continued two or three years after, 
till more preachers came, and surely God did most merciful- 
ly hear us, till the continual inundations of mistaking direc- 
tions, factions, and numbers of unprovided libertines near 
consumed us all, as the Israelites In the wilderness." "Not- 
withstanding, (he says,) out of the relicks of our mercies, 
time and experience had brought that country to a great 

462 The Episcopal Church 

happiness, had they not so much doated on their Tobacco, 
on whose furnish foundationis there is small sitability/' 

Of the piety of Captain Smith we have evidence, in the 
account given of the survey of Virginia, when he and his 
valiant comrades fell into so many perils among the In- 
dians, "Our order was daily to have prayer with a psalm, 
at which solemnity the poor savages much wondered." On 
Smith's return to Jamestown, notwithstanding all former 
opposition, such were his merits and such its diflSculties, that 
the Council elected him President of the Colony; and the 
first thing done was to repair the church, which, during his 
absence among the Indians, had, witli other houses, been 
destroyed by fire. Characteristic, and evincive of piety in 
him, is the statement of it: — "Now the building of the pal- 
ace was stayed as a thing needless, and the church was re- 


In the history of the vestries we may fairly trace the or- 
igin, not only of that religious liberty which afterward de- 
veloped itself in Virginia, but also of the early and deter- 
mined stand taken by the Episcopalians of Virginia in be- 
half of civil liberty. The vestries, who were the intelligence 
and moral strength of the land, had been trained up in the 
defence of their rights against Governors and Bishops, Kings, 
Queens, and Cabinets. They had been islowly fighting the 
battles of the Revolution for a hundred and fifty years. 
Taxation a/nd representation were only other words for sup- 
port and election of ministers. The principle was the same. 

It is not wonderful, therefore, that we find the same men 
who took the lead in the councils and armies of the Rev- 
olution most active in the recorded proceedings of the ves- 
tries. Examine the vestry-books, and you will find promi- 
nent there the names of Washington, Peyton Randolph, Ed- 
mund Pendleton, General Nelson, Governor Page, Colonel 
Bland, Richard Henry Lee, General Wood, Colonel Harrison, 
George Mason and hundreds of others who might be named 

IN West Virginia. 463 

as patriots of the Revolution. The principle for which ves- 
tries contended was correct. — viz.: the choice of their min- 
isters. I do not say that it must necessarily be by annual 
election; but there must be a power of changing ministers, 
for sufficient reasons. The Governors and the clergy, who 
came from England did not understand how this could be, 
so used had they been to a method widely different. It was 
reserved for the Church in America to show its practicabil- 
ity, and also to establish something yet more important, and 
what is by most Englishmen still thought a doubtful prob- 
lem, — the voluntary principle, by which congregations not 
only choose their ministers but support them without taxa- 
tion by law. It may be wise to provide some check to the 
sudden removal of ministers by the caprice of vestries and 
congregations, as is the case in the Presbyterian and Episco- 
pal Churches, where some leave of separation is required 
from Presbyteries and Bishops ; but neither of them are ever 
so unwise as to interpose a veto where it is evident that 
there is sufficient reason for separation, whether from dis- 
satisfaction on either side, or from both, or any strong con- 
sideration. The people have it in their power, either by 
withholding support or attendance, and in other ways, to 
secure their removal, and the ministers cannot be forced to 
preach. Either party have an inalienable right to separate, 
unless there be some specific bargain to the contrary. In 
one denomination in our land, it is true that ministers are 
appointed to their stations and congregations are supplied 
by its chief officers; but it must be remembered that this is 
only a temporary appointment, — for a year or two at most. 
Let it ever be attempted to make it an appointment for life, 
or even a long term of years, and the dissolution of that So- 
ciety would sot)n take place. In the first organization of 
our general Church in this country, after the separation 
from our mother-country, an office of induction was adopted, 
with the view of rendering the situation of the clergy more 
permanent; but <such was the opposition to it from Virginia 

464 The Episcopal Church 

•and some other States, that it was determined it should 
onlj- be oibligatory on those States which chose to make it so. 
Very few instances of its use have ever occurred in the Dio- 
cese of Virginia.* 

*In proof of what is said as to vestrymen, we publish the following list of 
the Convention of 1776. From our examination of the old vestry-books, we are 
confident that there are not three on this list who were not vestrymen of the 
Er>iscoi>al Church. 

A List of the members of the Convention of Virginia which began its sessions 
in the City of Williamsburg on Monday the sixth of May. 1776, as copied from 
the Journal:— 

Accomac— Southey Simpson and Isaac Smith, Esquires: Albermarle— Charles 
Lewis, Esquire, and George Gilmer for Tnomas Jeftersou, Esquire; Amelia- 
John Tabb and John Winn, Esquires; Augusta— Thomas Lewis and Samuel 
McDowell, Esquires; AVest Aiigusta— John Harvie and Charles Simms, Esquires; 
Amherst— William Cabell and Gabriel Penn, Esquires; Bedford— John Talbot 
and Charles Lynch. Esquires; Botetourt— John Bowyer and Patrick Lockhart, 
Esquires; Brunswick— Frederic Maclin anc" Henry Tazewell, Esquires; Buck- 
ingham—Charles Pattesou and John Cabell, Esquires; Berkeley— Robert Ruth- 
erford and William Drew, Esquires; Caroline — the Hon. Edmund Pendleton 
and James Taylor, Esquires; Charles City — William Acrill, Esquire, and Sam- 
uel Harwood, Esquire, for B. Harrison, Esquire; Charlotte— Paul Carrington 
and Thomas Read. Esquires; Chesterfield— Archibald Cary and Benjamin Wat- 
kins, Esquires: Culpeper— Henry Field and French Strother, Esquires; Cum- 
berland—John Mayo and William Fleming, Esquires; Dinwiddle- John Ban- 
ister and Boiling Starke, Esquires; Dunm ore— Abraham Bird and John Tipton, 
Esquires; Elizabeth City— Wilson Miles Cary and Henry King, Esquires: Es- 
sex—Meriwether Smith and James Edmundson, Esquires; Fairfax— John West, 
Jr., and George iMason, Esquires; Fauquier — Martin Pickett and James Scott, 
Esquires; Frederick -James Wood and Isaac Zane, Esquires; Fincastle— Arthur 
Campbell and William Russell. Esquires; Gloucester— Thomas Whiting and 
Lewis Burwell, Esquii-es; Goochland— John Woodson and Thomas M. Ran- 
dolph, Esquires; Halifax— Nathaniel Terry and Micajah Watkins, Esquires; 
Hampshire— James :\Iercer and Abraham Hite, Esquires; Hanover— Patrick 
Henry and John Syme, Esquires; Henrico— Nathaniel Wilkinson and Richard 
Adams, Esquires; James City— Robert C. Nicholas and William Norvell, Es- 
quires; Isle of Wight— John S. Wills and Charles Fulgham, Esquires: King 
George— Joseph Jones and William Fitzhugh, Esquires; King and Queen- 
George Brooke and William Lyne, Esquires; King William— William Aylett 
and Richard Squire Taylor, Esquires; Lancaster— James Seldon and James 
Gordon, Esquires; Loudoun— Francis Peyton and Josias Clapham, Esquires; 
Louisa— George Meriwether and Thomas Johnson, Esquires; Lunenburg— David 
Garland and Lodowick Farmer, Esquires; Middlesex— Edmund Berkeley and 
James Montague, Esquires; Mecklenburg— Joseph Speed and Bennett Goode, 
Esquires; Nansemond— Willis Riddick and William Cowper, Esquires; New 
Kent— William Clayton and Bartholomew Dandridge, Esquires; Norfolk— James 
Holt and Thomas Newton, Esquires; Northumberland— Rodham Kenner and 
John Cralle, Esquires; Northampton— Nathaniel L. Savage and George Savage, 
Esquires; Orange— James Madison and William Moore, Esquires; Pittsylvania 
—Benjamin Lankford and Robert Williams, Esquires; Prince Edward— Wil- 
liam Watts and William Booker, Esquires; Prince George— Richard Bland and 
Peter Poythress, Esquires; Princess Anne— William Robinson and John 
Thoroughgood, Esquires; Prince William— Cuthbert Bullitt and Henry Lee, 
Esquires Richmond— Hudson Muse and Charles McCarty, Esquires; Southamp- 

IN West Virginia. 465 

Some thoughts on the formatiou of the Virginia character, 
as displayed in the American Revolution and previously, 
may with propriety follow after the history of the Church 
and College at Williamsburg, and the foregoing list of ves- 
trymen. As London and the Universities were in one sense 
England, Paris and its University France, so Williamsburg, 
while it was the seat of Government, and the College of 
William and Mary, were, to a great extent, Virginia. Here 
her Governor and chief officers resided; here her Council 
often repaired and her Burgesses annually met. What was 
their character? Whence did their ancestors come, and 
who were they? Happily for the Colony, they were not 
Lords, or their eldest sons, and therefore beirs of lordship. 
With one or two exceptions, none such ever settled in Vir- 
ginia. Neither were they in any great numbers the ultra 
devotees of kings, — the rich, gay, military, Cavalier adher- 
ents of Charles I., — or the non-juring believers in the divine 
right of kings, in the days of Charles II. and of James II. 
Some of all these there were in the Colony, doubtless. Some 
dainty idlers, with a little high blood, came over with Cap- 
tain Bniith at first, and more of the rich, and high-minded 
Cavaliers after the execution of Ch-arleis I.; but Virginia 
did not suit them well enough to attract and retain great 
numbers. There was too much hard work to be done, and too 
much independence, even from the first, for those who held 
the doctrine of non-resistance and passive obedience to kings 
and others in authority, to make Virginia a comfortable 

ton— Edwin Gray and Henry Taylor, Esquires; Spottsylvania— Mann Page and 
George Thornton, Esquires; Stafford— Thomas Ludwell Lee and William Brent, 
Esquires; Surry— Allen Cocke and Nicholas Fulton, Esquires; Sussex— David 
Mason and Henry Gee, Esquires; Warwick— William Harwood and Richard 
Gary, Esquires; Westmoreland— Richard Lee, Esquire, Richard Henry Lee 
Esquire, and John A. Washington, Esquire;* York— Dudley Digges, Esquire 
Thomas Nelson, Jr., Esquire, and William Digges, Esquire; Jamestown— Cham 
pion Travis, Esquire; Williamsburg— Edmund Randolph, Esquire, for George 
Wythe, Esquire; Norfolk Borough— William Roscow Wilson Curie, Esquire 
College of William and Mary- John Blair. Esquire. 

♦John A. Washington was probably the alternate of R. H. Lee. 

466 The Episcopal Church 

place for them and their posterity.* And yet we must not 
suppose that the opposite class — the paupers, the ignorant, 
the servile — formed the basis of the larger and better class 
of the Virginia population, when it began to develop its 
character at the Revolution, and, indeed, long before. These 
did not (spring up into great men in a day or a night, on 
touching the Virginia soil. Some of the best families of 
England, Ireland, Scotland, and France, formed at an early 
I>eriod a large part of that basis. Noblemen and their el- 
der sons did not come over; but we must remember how 
many of the younger sons of noblemen were educated for 
the bar, for the medical profession, and the pulpit, and turn- 
ed adrift on the world to seek their own living, without any 
patrimony. Some of those, and many more of their enter- 
prising descendants, came to the New Worid, especially to 
Virginia, in search of fortune and honour, and found them 
here. Numbers of Virginia families, who are almost asham- 
ed or afraid in this republican age to own it, have their gen- 

*It may very properly be called a mixed basis of Cavaliers, of the followers 
of Cromwell and of the Pretender, and of the Huguenots, when persecuted 
and forced to fly for refuge to other lands; and also of many respectable 
persons at other times. The Test-Act, or subscriptions required of the vestry- 
men and other officers, shows that no encouragement was held out, either to 
the followers of Cromwell or of the Pretender, to expect honours and offices 
in Virginia. They always required allegiance to the established Government, 
except during the temporary usurpation of Cromwell. After the establish- 
ment of the House of Hanover, the Stuart Pretenders and their followers 
were denounced in these test- oaths. Some specimens of these subscriptions, 
or oaths, are presented in our sketches. So that, probably, not many of 
either extreme came to Virginia, where they were thus stigmatized and ex- 
cluded from office unless on condition of abjuring their principles. Dr. Hawks, 
in his History of the Church in Virginia, says that its population before the 
protectorate of Cromwell was twenty thousand; after the restoration of mon- 
archy, thirty thousand. There were only ten thousand added in ten or twelve 
years. If we consider how many of this number were from natural increase 
in a new country, how many not of the Cavalier cless had come over, and 
how many of that class returned on the accession of Charles II., it will not 
leave a large number to make an impression on the Virginia character. Most 
of those Cavaliers who, by their birth and talents, were most likely to make 
that impression, had gone to Surinam. Earbadoes. Antigua, and the 'Leeward 
Islands. These "were to be men of the first rate, who wanted not money 
or credit." (See Dr. Hawk's History, page 284.) After the restoration of 
monarchy, some of the followers of Cromwell came over to Virginia, but 
most probably in much smaller numbers than the Cavaliers had done, as they 
would not find so welcome a home, for the loyalty of Virginia at that time 
cannot be auestioned. 

IN West Virginia. 467 

ealogical trees, or traditionary records, by which they can 
trace their line to some of the most ancient families in 
England, Scotland, Ireland, and to the Huguenots of 
France. Where this is not the case, still they can derive 
their origin from men of education, either in law, physic, 
or divinity, which things were too costly in the old coun- 
tries to be gotten by the poorer classes, except in some few 
instances where charity was afforded. Ministers could not 
generally be ordained without degrees from Cambridge, Ox- 
ford, Dublin, or Edinburgh. Lawyers studied at the Tem- 
ple Bar in London; physicians at Edinburgh. For a long 
time Virginia was dependent for all these professional 
characters on English education. Those who came over 
to this country poor, and ignorant, and dependent, had tew 
opportunities of elevating themselves; as has been happily 
the case since our independence, by reason of the multiplica- 
tion of schools and colleges, and of all the means of wealth' 
which are now open to us. Sir William Berkeley in his day; 
rejoiced that there was not a free school or printing-press 
in Virginia, and hoped it might be so for a hundred years 
to come; and, perhaps it was not much otherwise as to 
schools. In the year 1723, the Bishop of London addressed 
a circular to the clergy of Virginia, then somewhat over, 
forty in number, making various inquiries as to the condition 
of things in the parishes. One of the questions was, ''Are 
there any schools in your parish?" The answer, with two 
or three exceptions, (and those in favour of charity-schools,) 
was, none. Private schools at rich gentlemen's houses, 
kept perhaps by an unmarried clergyman or candidate for 
Orders, were all the means of education in the Colony, and 
to such the poor had no access. Another question was, 
"Is there any parish library?" The answer invariably was, 
none; except in one case, where the minister replied, "we 
have the Book of Homilies, the Whole Duty of Man, and 
the Singing Psalms." Such were the answers from thirty; 

468 The Episcopal Church 

clergymen, whose responses I have before me.* If "knowl- 
edge be power," Virginia was, up to that time, so far as 
the poor were concerned, but a barren nursery of mighty 
men. Would that it had been otherwise, both for Church 
and State! Education was confined to the sons of those 
who, being educated themselves, and appreciating the value 
of it, and having the means, employed private teachers in 
their families, or sent their sons to the schools in England 
and paid for them with their tobacco. Even up to the time 
of the Revolution was this the case with some. General Nel- 
son, several of the Lees and Randolphs, George Gilmer, my 
own father and two of his brothers, and many besides who 
might be mentioned, just got back in time to prepare for the 
Revolutionary struggle. The College of William and Mary, 
from the year 1700 and onward, did something toward ed- 
ucating a small portion of the youth of Virginia, and that 
was all until Hampden Sydney, at a much later period, was 
established. But let any one look at the published cata- 
logue of William and Mary, and see how few were educated 
there from 1720 to the Revolution, and let him notice who 
they were. Let him also examine whatever lists of Bur- 
gesses, Henning's volumes and the Old Virginia almanacs 
furnish, and he will see who they were that may be considered 
the chief men of Virginia. I have been recently examining an- ' 
other set of records which show who were considered her 
first men. I allude to the vestry elections; and nine times in 
ten we are confident one of their body was the delegate. 
They were the ruling men of the parishes, — the men of prop- 
erty and education. As we have said before, from an early 
period they were in training for the Revolution, by the 
steady and ever-successful struggle with Commissaries, 

•Even the little establishment of Huguenots at Manakintown, whose compact 
settlement so favoured education, and whose parentage made its members 
to desire it, was so destitute, that about this time one of their leading men, 
a Mr. Sallie, on hearing that the King was about to establish a colony in 
Ireland for the Huguenots, addressed him a letter begging permission to be 
united to it, saying that there was no school among them where their chil- 
dren could be educated. 

IN West Virginia. 469 

Governors, Bishops of London, and the Crown, on the sub- 
ject of the calling and induction of ministers. They also 
spoke through the House of Burgesses, which was made up 
of themselves. We will venture to affirm that very few of 
the statesmen of the Revolution went into it without this 
training. Even Mr. Jefferson, and Wythe, who did not con- 
ceal their disbelief of Christianity, took their parts in the 
duties of vestrymen, the one in Williamsburg, the other in 
Albemarle; for they wished to be men of influence. In 
some of the communications to England, the vestries are 
complained of by the clergy as the aristocratic bodies, — 
the twelve lords or masters of the parishes; and they did 
sometimes, I doubt not, rule the poor clergy with a rod of 
iron; but they were not the men to truckle to George III., 
Lord North, or the Parliament. Well did Mr. Burke, in hi® 
celebrated speech on American affairs, reply to some who 
said that the rich slaveholders of the South would not stand 
a war, "that they were entirely mistaken; for that those 
who had been long accustomed to command were the last 
who would consent to obey."* In proof of my position that 
men of education, and that gotten chiefly In Europe, were 
the ancestors of large numbers of those who formed at a 
later period the most inJluential class, i would here insert 
a list of the earlier clergy of Virginia which I got from some 
ancient documents, (most of them unpublished,) and this 
is but a small part of those whose names are lost to us for- 
ever. Let the reader compare these with names on the civil 
and military list of Virginia's history, and he must ac- 

*In all that M-e say on this subject, ''oucei-uing the patriots of the Revolu- 
tion and their connection with the Episcopal Church, and especially the ves- 
tries, it must not be understood as excluding from their fair share in the 
assertion of the liberties of the country those of other denominations. The 
Baptists as a body soon tendered their services, and were accepted. They, 
however, were mostly descended from Episcopalians, having for conscience' 
sake separated themselves from the Established Church not long before the 
war. The same may be said of the Presbyterians in Eastern Virginia; they 
were not numerous, being chiefly in Hanover, Charlotte, and Prince Edward, 
but still they furnished most valuable men to the cause. Those of Western 
Virginia, as wel' as the Germans, were descended from European ancestors 
who were net of the Episcopal Church. They also were forward and most 
effective in the Revolution. 

470 The Epihcopal Church 

knowledge the probaibility at least of consanguiinity between 
many of them. I begin with the names of Bucke, Whitta- 
ker, the two Williamses, (names still common in Virginia,) 
Young, Key, Berkeley, Hampton, Richardson, Teackle, Cot 
ton, Palmer, Gordon, the Smiths, Ware, Doyley, the Bow 
kers, Saunders, Holt, Collier, Wallace, W^alker, the Monroes 
Slaughter, Blair, Anderson, Ball, the Yateses, Hall, Latane 
the Roses, the Joneses, Sharp, W^aggener, the Taylors, Stith 
Cox, the Brookes, the Robertsons, the Robinsons, Collings 
Baylie, Bell, Warden, Debutts, Forbes, Marshall, Preston 
Goodwin, Cargill, Hughes, the Scotts, the Fontains and 
Maurys, the Dawsons, Ried, White, Campbell, Graham, the 
Thompsons, Fraser, Thacker, Wilkinson, the Naviisons, the 
Stewarts, the Dixons, Webb, Innis, Warrington, Cole, Pur- 
die, Marye, Mackay, Jackson, Green, McDonald, Moncure, 
Keith, Leland, Craig, Grayson, Bland, Manning, Hamilton, 
Dick, Clay, Lyons. Many of the foregoing belong to the first 
century of our existence and to the early part of the second. 
Many of the families of Virginia may have descended from 
some of the foregoing without knowing it. I leave it to 
others to search out the civil list of Virginia names, in or- 
der to ascertain as far as practicable how many of their an- 
cestors may have been well educated doctors and lawyers, or 
respectable merchants and farmers, when first coming to this 

IN West Viuginia. 471 

Republication from Bishop Meade's Book Continued. Parishes. 

Counties and Parishes of Botetourt, Rockingham, Rockbridge, 
Greenbrier and Montgomery. 

When Frederick county was first divided from Augusta, 
the latter was left with all of Western Virginia beyond the 
Alleghany mountains, then extending to the Pacific Ocean, 
or as it was sometimes said, to the "waters of the Missis- 

In the year 1769, Botetourt was taken from Augusta, and 
also extended westward indefinitely. At a subsequent period 
Montgomery was taken from Botetourt. But in the year 
1777; Kockingham, till then a part of Augusta, and Eock- 
bridge and Greenbrier, were cut off from Augusta, Botetourt, 
and Montgomery. In all of these, parishes were also estab- 
lished by Act of Assembly. What was done in them after 
this is unknown. In Rockingham, probably before its sepa- 
ration from Augusta, there were as may be seen in our ar- 
ticle on Augusta, two churches. In Rockbridge, when com- 
posed of Augusta and Botetourt, there may have been a 
church or churches, but I have obtained no information of 
such. Before this period the Presbyterians had made set- 
tlements in this region, especially about Lexington. On 
none of our lists of clergy or records do we find any minis- 
ters belonging to Rockbridge after its separation from Au- 
gusta, and Botetourt. In Montgomery and Greenbrier par- 
ishes and counties, we presume there were none. In Bote- 
tourt parish, (for all the new parishes were called by the 

472 The Episcopal Church 

same name with the counties) we find that the Rev. Adam 
Smith was the minister in the years 1774 and 1776. 

Article LXXI. from Bishop Meade's book. Parishes in Frederick 

In our last communication we had reached the Blue 
Ridge, — the great dividing-line between Eastern and Western 
Virginia. We now ascend that beautiful range of mountains 
and look down on the wide and extensive valley which lies 
between it and those numerous ones which hide the great 
Allegheny from our view. I believe it is generally admitted 
that this valley is not only the most fertile and desirable 
portion of the State, but also the most picturesque and 
beautiful. But it is not our province to descant on such 
themes. We may, however, be permitted to declare our as- 
sent to the hypothesis of Mr. Jefferson and others, that it 
was once a great lake or sea, which emptied itself through 
the channel formed by the force of the waters at Harper's 
Ferry, leaving immense prairies behind to be covered in 
due time with heavy forests, some of which our eyes now 
behold, while most of them have been felled by the hands 
of our forefathers.* 

Such a country could not but attract the attention of hardy 
and adventurous farmers. The first who entered it were 
from Pennsylvania. Crossing the Potomac at what is now 
called Shepherdstown, but at first and for a considerable 
time Mecklenburg, — ^doubtless after some town or place in 
Germany, — they there made a settlement. Prom thence em- 
igration proceeded on toward W^inchester, Stephensburg, or 

*It is a tnie tradition, I believe, ttiat one of tlie Carters, who at an early- 
period took up or purcliased a iarge tr.ict of land in old Frederick, includ- 
ing all that which now belongs to the Bur well family, and extending beyond 
and along the Opequon and its barren hills and stunted trees, offered to one 
of his sons the choice of an eaual portion of that upon the Opequon and 
of that fertile prairie lying between it and the Shenandoah River, and that 
the former was preferred because of the timber, which was visible, though 
of so indifferent a character. That the lo-wer and richer lands of this part 
of the valley were once prairie in the days of our forefathers is generally 
admitted. Old Mr. Isaac Hite, of Bellgrove, now deceased, informed me 
that his father often spoke of the land about the White Post as being, in 
his day. covered with a thicket of saplings. 

IN West Virginia. 473 

Newtown, Woodstock, &c. Joist Hite, the ancestor of all 
the Hites, was the finst to make a settlement north of Win- 
chester, with sixteen families. This was in the year 1732. 
His descendants of that name became active members of, 
or friends of, the Episcopal Church. Soon after this, Pres- 
byterians of Scotch and Irish descent began to settle in the 
valley. In the year 1738, a number from Pennsylvania, wish- 
ing to add themselves to those already settled, sent, through 
the synod of Pennsylvania, a deputation to Governor Gooch, 
of Virginia, "asking all liberty of conscience and of worship- 
ping God agreeably to the principles of their education." 
They professed the utmost loyaltj^ to the King, and promised 
"the most dutiful submission to the government which m 
placed over them." The Governor assured them of his fa- 
vour, and that no interruption should be given to their min- 
isters, If they should "conform themselves to the rules pre- 
scribed by the Act of Toleration in England." It was the 
same principle which had been acted on before this time in 
Virginia, and continued to be to the end of the Colonial Es- 
tablishment. Under that law, any number of persons, of 
whatsoever name, might ask for and should receive a li- 
cense for some place of meeting where they might worship 
after their own way. EA^en during the preceding century, 
the first of our settlements in Virginia, the Germans on the 
Rappahannock and the French Hugunots on James River 
had not only been tolerated, but allowed special favours, 
such as grants of lands and freedom from taxes, until of 
their own accord they applied to be admitted into union 
with the Established Church under Episcopal ministers, — 
finding it difficult to procure any of their own. Other de- 
nominations also were allowed licenses for places of worship, 
— whether private or public houses, — provided they sought 
and used them in compliance with the true intent of the law. 
In the case of President Davies, about the middle of the 
last century, — which we have considered when speaking of 
the parish in Hanover, — seven places of worship were licens- 

474 The Episcopal Church 

ed for him before the Governor declared that he was exceed- 
ing the bounds prescribed by the spirit and intent of the 

With these general observations we proceed to the his- 
tory of the parish of Frederick. The materials are furnished 
by the Acts of Assembly dating back to the year 1738, to 
the records of the court beginning in 1744, and to the old 
vestry-book going back to the year 1764, and some papers of 
an earlier date. 

In the year 1738, the Assembly, in consideration of tne 
increasing number of settlers in the valley, determined to cut 
off two new counties and parishes — West Augusta and Fred- 
erick—from Orange county and parish, which latter then 
took in all Western Virginia. The county and parish of 
Frederick embraced all that is now Shenandoah, with a part 
of Page, Warren, Clarke, Frederick, Jefferson, Berketef, 
and Hampshire. Augusta had all the rest to the utmost 
limits of Virginia, wherever they were, — the contest with 
France as to the boundaries not being then settled. The 
execution of the Act, however, was postponed until it should 
be made to appear that there were inhabitants enough for 
the appointment of justices of the peace, &c. In the year 
1744, the vestry and court of Frederick county were organiz- 
ed and in action. Of the vestry, nothing more is heard after 
its organization, except the appointment of processioners in 
1747, until the year 1752, when an Act of Assembly was pass- 
ed dissolving it and ordering a new election, on the ground 
that it had raised more than fifteen hundred pounds for build- 
ing a number of churches which were unfinished and in a 
ruinous condition. As the churches of that day and in this 
region were log-houses, costing only from thirty to forty or 
fifty pounds, there must have been much misspending of 
money. Who those vestrymen were does not appear. Those 
chosen in their place were the following: — Thomas Lord 
Fairfax, Isaac Perkins, Gabriel Jones, John Hite, Thomas 
Swearingen, Charles Buck, Robert Lemmon, John Lindsey, 

IN West Virginia. 475 

John Ashby, James Cromley, Lewis Neil. Thomas Bryan 
Martin, the nephew and one of the heirs of Lord Fairfax, 
does not ever appear as yestryman, but seems to have been an 
active magistrate, and to have taken a considerable part 
in completing McCoy's Chapel, on the road from Winchester 
to Front Royal, in the neighborhood of the McCoys and 
Cunningham Chapel, which stood near the spot where what 
has been long called the Old Chapel — near the Burwell buri- 
al ground — still stands. Mr. Edward McGiiire also appears 
as a magistrate, but not as vestryman, — he being of the 
Romish Church. He was the ancestor of many worthy min- 
isters and members of the Protestant Episcopal Church of 

To McCoy's and Cunningham's Chapel are to be added two 
on the north and south branches of Shenandoah, whose lo- 
cation cannot now be ascertained, one in Winchester, one 
at Bunker's Hill, called Morgan's Chapel, of which we shall 
speak more fully hereafter, perhaps one called Wood's Chap- 
el, between Winchester and Charlestown, and one at Shep- 
herdstown, then called Mecklenburg Chapel. All these were 
probably begun, and some of them sufficiently completed for 
use, between the years 1740 and 1750. In J 768. Mr. Van 
Swearingen received one hundred and forty eight pounds for 
completing a new church at Mecklenburg, now Shepherds- 
town. In the year 1768, Isaac Hite was directed to contract 
for a church at Leith's — place not known — for forty-nine 
pounds. In the year 1774, a church was ordered to be built 
near Cedar Creek for one hundred pounds; whether execut- 
ed or not, I cannot tel